Frederick was resolved upon a rupture with Sweden at the first convenient opportunity.
The rupture had not yet been made evident between the Girondist party and that section still more extreme, that of the Mountain.
The larvae produced by this remarkable method (paedogenesis) of virgin-reproduction are hatched within the parent larva, and in some cases escape by the rupture of its body.
But the story of the duel, confirmed by Pierre's rupture with his wife, was the talk of society.
The Cretan insurrection rose to a formidable height in 1868-69, and the active support given to the movement by Greece brought about a rupture of relations between that country and Turkey.
He now understood for the first time all the cruelty of his rejection of her, the cruelty of his rupture with her.
The emperor Leo, the Isaurian, came to open rupture with Pope Gregory II.
looked coldly on the project, and from this time forth the old familiar relations between the republic and the French monarchy were strained to breaking point, though the final rupture did not come till 1682 on the arrival of the Austrian minister, Zerowski, at Warsaw.
The concord of the Order with the towns and the Hanse was one great cause of its prosperity until the close of the 14th century; and the rupture of that concord in the 15th century was largely responsible for its fall.
Ayala's rupture with the Moderates was now complete, and in 1857, through the interest of O'Donnell, he was elected as Liberal deputy for Badajoz.
Thus ortho-phenylene diamine yields the following products: N H N ./`N; Xn NZ In some cases oxidation of condensed benzenoid-heterocyclic nuclei results in the rupture of the heterocyclic ring with the formation of a benzene dicarboxylic acid; but if the aromatic nucleus be weakened by the introduction of an amino group, then it is the benzenoid nucleus which is destroyed and a dicarboxylic acid of the heterocyclic ring system obtained.
The former as a consequence won large numbers of supporters who were drawn by the possibility it afforded of adopting an attractive faith which did not involve a rupture with the religion of Roman society, and consequently with the state.
Marsh also devised a form closely resembling that of Thomsen, inasmuch as the carbon atoms occupied the angles of a regular octahedron, and the diagonal linkages differed in nature from the peripheral, but differeng from Thomsen's since rupture of the diagonal and not peripheral bonds accompanied the reduction to hexamethylene.
The mutual slaughter of barbarians in the Levant seemed, even to George Canning, a lesser evil than a renewed Armageddon in Europe; and all the resources of diplomacy were set in motion to heal the rupture between Turkey and Russia.
Unsettled claims by French citizens led to a breaking off of relations and the occupation of Mitylene by France in November 1901; the rupture was of short duration and Turkey soon gave way, according complete satisfaction both in this matter and on certain other French demands.
The sub-umbral cavity (s.c.) functions as a brood-space for the developing embryos, which are set free by rupture of the wall.
It is at this period that Ranke believes Maximilian to have entertained the idea of a universal monarchy; but whatever hopes he may have had were shattered by the death of his son Philip and the rupture of the treaty of Blois.
The cause of rupture was the attack on Pontic territory by Nicomedes at the instigation of the Romans.
He was ambassador at Berlin in 1866 at the time of the rupture between Prussia and Austria, and after the Seven Weeks' War was charged with the negotiation of the preliminaries of peace at Nikolsburg.
It was this exemption, threatening the very foundations of the Mussulman government, that finally led to a rupture with the nawab.
At the beginning of 1857 tidings from China reached England of a rupture between the British plenipotentiary in that country and the governor of the Canton provinces in reference to a small vessel or lorcha called the "Arrow," which had resulted in the English admiral destroying the river forts, burning 23 ships belonging to the Chinese navy and bombarding the city of Canton.
The final rupture seems to have arisen on the question of the declaration of "the armed neutrality of the North;" but we know that Potemkin and the English ambassador, James Harris (afterwards 1st earl of Malmesbury), were both working against him some time before that.
respecting the rupture of diplomatic relations between Turkey and Greece, &c.," in State Papers, lix.
At the same time it renders more intelligible the extreme sensitiveness of the bodywall of the Nemertines, a local and instantaneous irritation often resulting in spasmodic rupture of the animal at the point touched.
Finally, a mouth is formed by breaking through at the apex of the manubrium, and the now fully-formed medusa becomes separated by rupture of the stalk of the bud and swims away.
The precedence claimed by Judah was challenged by the northern tribes even on the day of David's victorious return to his capital, and a rupture ensued, headed by Sheba, which but for the energy of Joab might have led to a second and more dangerous rebellion.
Savoy, Genoa, Tuscany and Naples, wishing to avoid a rupture, yielded; but Venice resisted.
It is now known that the influence of Nelson and of the British ambassador, Sir William Hamilton, and Lady Hamilton precipitated the rupture between Naples and France.
In 1779 a rupture on this account was only averted through the mediation of the French ambassador, coupled with the fact that Turkey was in no condition to enter upon hostilities, owing to the outbreak of plague in her army.
Solution in dilute alkali was supposed to be accompanied by the rupture of the lactone ring with the formation of the quinonoid salt shown in 2.
So great was the tension at this crisis that a rupture with Spain seemed possible.
Loubet, the French president, came to Rome; this action was strongly resented by the pope, who, like his predecessor since 1870, objected to the presence of foreign Catholic rulers in Rome, and led to the final rupture between France and the Vatican.
In 1678, on the rupture of relations between Charles and Louis, a splendid opportunity was afforded Louis of paying off old scores by disclosing Danby's participation in the king's demands for French gold.
In general, the rupture occurs between a keto group (CO) and a keto-chloride group (CC1 2), into which two adjacent carbon atoms of the ring are converted by the oxidizing and substituting action of chlorine.
There is some truth in the satire, but it wholly misrepresents her rupture with Chopin.
This meant a complete rupture; on the 5th of February 1849 a constituent assembly was summoned, and on.
Shortly before his starting, an open rupture was scarcely averted; and he and his brothers allowed the idea to get abroad that he was being virtually banished from France.
Napoleon wished to postpone the rupture for fully eighteen months, as is shown by his secret instructions to Decaen.
In depths beyond the reach of wave motion, and apart from suspension across a submarine gully, which will sooner or later result in a rupture of the cable, the most frequent cause of interruption is seismic or other shifting of the ocean bed, while in shallower waters and near the shore the dragging of anchors or 40 fishing trawls has been mostly responsible.
But Wratyslaus of Bohemia speedily appealed to the emperor for help, and a war between Poland and the Empire was only prevented by the sudden rupture of Henry IV.
French government, in view of the rupture between Church and State in France, formally asked to be placed under Italian protection, which was granted in January 1907.
But the government of Bombay had hurried on a rupture with the Mahratta confederacy at a time when France was on the point of declaring war against England, and when the mother-country found herself unable to subdue her rebellious colonists in America.
The outbreak of war in Spain, followed by the rupture with Austria in the spring of 1809, distracted the attention of the emperor.
The rupture of the concordat at once terminates the obligations which resulted from it on both sides; but it does not break off all relation between the church and the state, since the two societies continue to coexist on the same territory.
I told him everything as best I could, and told him what I had proposed to our Petersburg lodge, of the bad reception I had encountered, and of my rupture with the Brothers.
The inevitable consequence of this rupture was the Teutonizing of the western branch of the great Slav family, which, no longer able to stand alone, and cut off from both Rome and Constantinople, was forced, in self-defence, to take Christianity, and civilization along with it, from Germany.
In the interior organs there are indications of a compensating accumulation of blood, such as swelling of the spleen, engorgement (very rarely rupture) of the heart, with a feeling of oppression in the chest, and a copious flow of clear and watery urine from the congested kidneys.
Hence, when the rupture occurred, the fleet was already at its stations in the North Sea, and Adml.
The whole bank, which is from twenty to forty feet high, is sometimes overlaid with a mass of this kind of foliage, or sandy rupture, for a quarter of a mile on one or both sides, the produce of one spring day.
It must be observed that the denunciation of a concordat by a nation does not necessarily entail the separation of the church and the state in that country or the rupture of diplomatic relations with Rome.
The formation and gradually increasing thickness of its bark are explained by the continually increasing need of adequate protection to the living cortex, under the strain of the increasing framework which the enormous multiplication of its living protoplasts demands, and the development of which leads to continual rupture of the exterior.
In moths and certain saw-flies there is no rupture of the membranes; the Russian zoologists Tichomirov and Kovalevsky have described the growth of both amnion and embryonic ectoderm around the yolk, the embryo being thus completely enclosed until hatching time by both amnion and serosa.
The beginnings of this rupture, as well as a sharp affray between his volunteers and the townsfolk of Ajaccio, may have quickened Bonaparte's resolve to return to France in May 1792, but there were also personal and family reasons for this step. Having again exceeded his time of furlough, he was liable to the severe penalties attaching to a deserter and an émigré but he saw that the circumstances of the time would help to enforce the appeal for reinstatement which he resolved to make at Paris.
Generally rupture occurs at more than one point; and rarely are the six carbon atoms of the complex regained as an open chain.
The rupture, therefore, took place in the middle of May; and on a flimsy pretext the First Consul ordered the detention in France of all English persons.
The rupture between the possessing princes was now complete.
Russia, desirous of deriving some return for the support which she had given the sultan during his rupture with the French, induced the Porte to address to her a note in which the right of intervention in the affairs of the principalities, conferred on her by the treaty of Kainarji and reaffirmed in the convention of Ainali Ka y ak, was converted into a specific stipulation that the hospodars should be appointed in future for seven years and should not be dismissed without the concurrence of the Russian ambassador at Constantinople.
Repeatedly it seemed as if the conflict between the Government of the Reich and that of Bavaria would end in open rupture.
We discovered there is a creature here that can steal the Guardians' power and use it to rupture the breach.
The creature that can prevent us from healing the rupture is near here.
It would disrupt the balance between good and evil, rupture the gates between worlds.
Achilles tendon rupture surgery (not for the faint hearted!
SAH, mostly due to rupture of an intracranial aneurysm, accounts for a quarter of cerebrovascular deaths.
Probably the bishop was jealous of the high reputation of the teacher; and a coolness arose between them which led, fifteen years later, to an open rupture.
Napoleon's admiration for the dictator also began to cool, and events began to point to a rupture.
The question of the union with the Greek church, especially, gave rise to a misunderstanding between them which soon led to a rupture.
Greekce and Dardanelles confirmed, and the districts of first sultan who entered into regular relations with foreign powers, and employed permanent ambassadors; the practice was discontinued at the time of the Greek revolution and the consequent rupture with the powers.
Strains exceeding the "limit of elasticity" result in permanent deformation or (if sufficiently great) in rupture.
The rupture between Great Britain and the United States in 1812 caused privateering to be resumed, the trade of the colony being thereby almost destroyed.
On the first occasion which offered itself, that of Pulteney's rupture with Walpole in 1726, he endeavoured to organize an opposition in conjunction with the former and Windham; and in 1727 began his celebrated series of letters to the Craftsman, attacking the Walpoles, signed an "Occasional Writer."
Though his brother John Sherman was a leader in the party which had elected Lincoln, William Sherman was very conservative on the slavery question, and his distress at what he thought an unnecessary rupture between the states was extreme.
But even here it was impossible that an open rupture Miltiades, 7rEpi 7rpoifr, r At the same time as Miltiades, if not earlier, Apollinaris of Hierapolis also wrote against the Montanists.
Even before this latent antagonism was made plain there were many minor matters which were sufficient to precipitate a rupture in particular congregations.
The clause in which this proposal was embodied provided in effect that, whenever there is danger of a rupture between two powers, each of them shall choose a third power to which these differences shall be referred, and that, pending such reference, for a period not exceeding thirty days (unless the time is extended by agreement) the powers at issue shall cease to negotiate with each other and leave the dispute entirely in the hands of the mediating powers.
he succeeded on the 14th of September and landed in England on the 23rd, avowedly on private business, but still animated by the hope of averting a rupture between the two governments.
After the rupture of the peace negotiations with England, which resulted from the coup d'etat of Fructidor, the policy of France became more warlike and aggressive.
He worked hard to prevent the rupture of the peace of Amiens which occurred in May 1803, and he did what he could to prevent the sale of Louisiana to the United States earlier in the year.
As yet he had preached his Gospel without saying much about corruptions in the Roman Church, and it was his political denunciation of the fratricidal wars into which the pope, not less than others, was drawing his fellow-countrymen, that first led to rupture with the papal see.
The building crisis and the commercial rupture with France had impaired the situation of the state banks, of which one, the Banca Romana, had been further undermined by maladministration.
at crown, joint of rupture, and springing respectively.
A variety of reasons were leading to a rupture in the harmonious relations between Frederick and Henry, whose increasing power could not escape the emperor's notice, and who showed little inclination to sacrifice his interests in Germany in order to help the imperial cause in Italy.
This factor was the rupture of communications with foreign countries, due in the earlier stages of the war to the limitation, and at one time the prohibition, of exports by neutral countries, the passing over of some of these countries to the enemy, and lastly the blockade by the enemy Powers, which increased in efficiency and made it more and more difficult to import the most essential commodities, until in the end it was almost impossible to obtain from abroad anything, needed either for the soldiers or the civilians.
Peter left him in the hands of the Turks as a hostage, and on the rupture of the peace he was imprisoned in the Seven Towers.
This led to a rupture.
Meanwhile Joseph had striven earnestly, but in vain, to avert a rupture with England, which came about in May 1803.
The increasing rigour of the continental system brought the two brothers to an open rupture.
His first act was to protest energetically against the murder of the duc d'Enghien (March 20, 1804), and insist on an immediate rupture with France.
The Renaissance meant the emancipation of the secular world from the domination of the Church, and it contributed in no small measure to the rupture of the educated class with ecclesiastical tradition.
The split between East and West had led in the 11th century to the rupture of ecclesiastical relations between Rome and Constantinople.
He proposed to provoke the Tatars to a rupture by repudiating the humiliating tribute with which the Republic had so long and so vainly endeavoured to buy off their incessant raids.
In case of such rupture he meant, at the head of 10o,000 Cossacks, to fall upon the Crimea itself, the seat of their power, and exterminate the Khanate.
The greed of the three partitioning powers very nearly led to a rupture between Austria and Prussia; but the tact and statesmanship of the empress of Russia finally adjusted all difficulties.
This French government Yï¿½ question of interest would not have been sufficient in itself to bring about a rupture, but the situation became acute when the dey, Hussein, struck the French consul, Deval, on the face with his fly-flap (April 30, 1827).
He averted open rupture until England was strong enough to stand the shock.
The rupture came in March when the British ambassador, Lord Stormont, was recalled from Paris, but as neither fleet was ready for service, actual conflict did not take place till July.
He accepted the chairmanship of the Royal Commission on Ritualistic Practices in the Church, and he did valuable work as 'an arbitrator; and though when the fiscal controversy arose he became a member of the Free-food League, his parliamentary loyalty to Mr Balfour did much to prevent the Unionist free-traders from precipitating a rupture.
again appeared upon the scene as a candidate for the Polish throne; but Horn was still strong enough to prevent a rupture with Russia.
If Oscar did not actively assist the Opposition on this occasion, his disapprobation of his father's despotic behaviour was notorious, though he avoided an actual rupture.
Again tempting the fortune of war after the rupture of the peace of Amiens, the Hanoverians found that the odds against them were too great; and in June 1803 by the convention of Sulingen their territory was occupied by the French.
Mr Balfour was anxious to avoid a rupture, doubtful of the feeling of the country, uncertain of the details by which Mr Chamberlain's scheme could be worked out.
To complete the situation, a formal rupture had occurred in 1054 between the patriarch Michael Cerularius and Pope Leo IX.
He thus at least avoided an open rupture with the new emperor - a rupture which would have been all the more perilous on account of the religious revolution now imminent in Germany.
The king good-naturedly overlooked his outrageous insolence on this occasion, but the inevitable rupture was only postponed.
In January 1630 the rupture became final, and Christina retired to her estates in Jutland.
In 1891 he was made civil and military governor of French Indo-China, where his administration, which involved him in open rupture with Admiral Fournier, was severely criticized.
Cyrus left Egypt unmolested; but the last years of Amasis were disturbed by the threatened invasion of Cambyses and by the rupture of the alliance with Polycrates of Samos.
They are characterized by an ascocarp without any opening to the exterior, the ascospores being set free by the decay or rupture of the ascocarp wall; such a fruit-body is termed a cleistothecium (cleistocarp).
As these flakes readily split open, when a piece of this iron is broken rupture passes through them, with the result that, even though the graphite may form only some 3% of the mass by weight (say to% by volume), practically nothing but graphite is seen in the fracture.
Such an intermittently applied stress is far more destructive to iron than a continuous one, and even if it is only half that of the limit of elasticity, its indefinite repetition eventually causes rupture.
The events which led to the rupture of Gustavus with the Holy See are set forth in the proper place (see Sweden: History).
King William now did his utmost to avoid a rupture, and sent the prince of Orange to Antwerp to promise that Belgium should have a separate administration; but it was too late.
The alliance had been of the nature of a limited co-operation between two hostile powers for a definite object; there had always been suspicion and jealousy on either side, and a rupture had often been imminent, as in the debates on the military bill and the law reform.
The channel between Cape Bon in Tunis and the south-west of Sicily (a distance of 80 m.) is, on the whole, shallower than the Straits of Messina, being for the most part under 100 fathoms in depth, and exceeding 200 fathoms only for a very short interval, while the Straits of Messina, have almost everywhere a depth exceeding 150 fathoms. The geological structure in the neighbourhood of this strait shows that the island must originally have been formed by a rupture between it and the mainland, but that this rupture must have taken place at a period long antecedent to the advent of man, so that the name Rhegium cannot be based even on the tradition of any such catastrophe.
In 882 relations between Abmad and Mowaffaq again became strained, and the former conceived the bold plan of getting the caliph Motamid into his power, which, however, was frustrated by Mowaffaqs vigilance; but an open rupture was the result, as Mowaffaq formally deprived Abmad of his lieutenancy, while Abmad equally formally declared that Mowaffaq had forfeited the succession.
Thus the tonus of the motor neurons of the spinal cord is much lessened by rupture of the great afferent root cells which normally play upon them.
was resolved upon a rupture at the first convenient opportunity, while the nation was, if possible, even more bellicose than the king.
To the last he endeavoured to avoid a rupture with France even if he broke with Sweden; but he could not restrain for ever the foolish impetuosity of his own sovereign, Christian V., and his fall in the beginning of 1676 not only, as he had foreseen, involved Denmark in an unprofitable war, but, as his friend and disciple, Jens Juel, well observed, relegated her henceforth to the humiliating position of an international catspaw.
Events were in fact rapidly tending to the rupture of the Franco-Russian alliance.
The germination of a zygospore or oospore is effected by the rupture of an outer cuticularized exosporium; then the cell may protrude an inner wall, the endosporium, and grow out into the new plant (Vaucheria), or the contents may break up into a first brood of zoospores.
His rupture with France in October 1337, caused by his claims to the French crown, tended to withdraw his attention from Scotland, where, though the staunch Sir Andrew Murray died, Black Agnes drove the English besiegers from Dunbar (1338), while the Knight of Liddesdale recovered Perth.
Diego Noboa, elected in 1850 after a period of great confusion, recalled the Jesuits, produced a rupture with New Granada by receiving conservative refugees, and thus brought about his own deposition and exile.
This work also requires frequent annealing, for otherwise the wires or tubes would rupture.
A piece of cast iron, or steel or bronze, shows on rupture a granular, crystalline surface destitute of any fibre.
He came to an open rupture with Licinius in 313, sustained a crushing defeat in the neighbourhood of Heraclea Pontica on the 30th of April, and fled, first to Nicomedia and afterwards to Tarsus, where he died in August following.
The death in 1445 of his wife Margaret, who was a great favourite of Charles VII., made the rupture complete.
Ali Vardi Khan died in 1756, and was succeeded by his grandson, Suraj-ud-Dowlah, a youth of only nineteen years, whose ungovernable temper led to a rupture Black Hole of Calcutta.
In both cases apparently the rupture might be traced to the curious and unsatisfactory character of Hamann himself.
Eaton brought about a rupture, and in April 1831 the whole cabinet was reorganized.
The king, either apprehensive of a rupture with Austria, or fearing detriment to the prerogatives of the Prussian crown should he accept this dignity at the hands of a democracy, refused the offer.
The whole enterprise fell through, owing partly to the death of Koniecpolski before it was matured, partly to the hastiness with which the king published his intentions, and partly to the careful avoidance by the Porte of the slightest occasion of a rupture.
Jackson could brook no criticism from one whom he had considered a friend; Calhoun, moreover, angered the president still further by his evident sanction of the social proscription of Mrs Eaton (q.v.); the political views of the two men, furthermore, were becoming more and more divergent, and the rupture between the two became complete.
Personal and political differences rapidly arose between Mole and his chief colleague Guizot, and led to an open rupture in March 1837 in face of the general opposition to a grant to the duc de Nemours.
His splenetic temper and her volatility culminated in an open rupture in May 1814.
A rupture ensued at once, and Knox appeared in Edinburgh on the and of May 1559 "even in the brunt of the battle."
Neither Margaret herself nor her successors observed the stipulation that in each of the three kingdoms only natives should hold land and high office, and the efforts First of Denmark (at that time by far the strongest Breach of member of the union) to impose her will on the the union, weaker kingdoms soon produced a rupture, or, 1436.
A few months later there was an open rupture between the king and his own primate, who ultimately was frightened into exile by a sudden accusation of treason.
In 1806 a rupture between Sweden and Prussia was only prevented by Napoleon's assault upon the latter power.
But there was no open rupture between the two sovereigns until 1821, when the frontier disputes and complaints of Persian travellers, merchants and pilgrims culminated in a declaration of war.
Mahiati otherwise known as the chief of the Assassins; a new rupture with Turkey; the banishment of the asafud-daula, governor of Khorasan, followed by the insurrection and defeat of his son; and the rise of Bbiism (q.v).
The Sunnite Turk was almost a greater enemy to his neighbor the Shiite than the formidable Muscovite, who had curtailed him of Rupture so large a section of his territory west of the Caspian.
The Cuban insurgents gave him much trouble and anxiety, the famous Virginius incident nearly leading to a rupture between Spain and the United States.
The impact of the regular series of drops which is at any moment striking the sink (or vessel receiving the water), determines the rupture into similar drops of the portion of the jet at the same moment passing the orifice.
An open rupture between the allies was only avoided by the establishment of a condominium.
The formal cause of the rupture between the two princes was Rudolph's refusal to sanction a treaty of peace with Turkey, which Matthias had concluded as his brother's representative in Hungary.
This act led to an open rupture between Ptolemy and the imperial regent Perdiccas.
Here it is proposed only to give in somewhat more detail the causes of division which led (I) to the formation of the schismatic churches of the East, and (2) to the open rupture with Latin Christianity.
The estrangement and final rupture may be traced to the increasing claims of the Roman bishops and to Western innovations in practice and in the doctrine of the Holy Spirit,' accompanied by an alteration of creed.
The Easterns allege that the addition of the words Filioque was made, not only without authority, and therefore unwarrantably, but also for the purpose of forcing a rupture between East and West in the interests of the barbarian empire of the West.
In 1686 the English merchants at Hugli under Charnock's leadership, finding themselves compelled to quit their factory in consequence of a rupture with the Mogul authorities, retreated about 26 m.
The object of the Addressers was to make the responsibility for a rupture rest on the Austrian government.
It may here be mentioned, as a remarkable instance of his foresight, that Palmerston told Lord Malmesbury, on his accession to the foreign office in 1858, that the chief reason of his opposition to the canal was this: he believed that, if the canal was made and proved successful, Great Britain, as the first mercantile state, and that most closely connected with the East, would be the power most interested in it; that England would therefore be drawn irresistibly into a more direct interference in Egypt, which it was desirable to avoid because England had already enough upon her hands, and because intervention might lead to a rupture with France.
Upon the outbreak of the American Civil War in 1861, Lord Palmerston acknowledged that it was the duty of the British government to stand aloof from the fray; but his own opinion led him rather to desire than to avert the rupture of the Union, which might have been the result of a refusal on the part of England and France to recognize a blockade of the Southern ports, which was notoriously imperfect, and extremely prejudicial to the interests of Europe.
Yet there were elements of weakness in his character which his short life only half revealed: an impetuosity which made him twice threaten to take his own life; a superstitious vein which impelled him to consult oracles and shrink from bad omens; an amiable dilettantism which led him to travel in Egypt while his enemy was plotting his ruin; a want of nerve and resolution which prevented him from coming to an open rupture with Piso till it was too late.
The pretext of the rupture was the attempt of the knights to crush the Prussian diet, which, bearing as it did most of the burdens, claimed fairly enough a proportionate share in the government of the Prussian provinces.
He ultimately won his point from Harley, and his success marks his open rupture with the Whigs.
There can be little doubt that the puddle at the right-hand angle j was also strained, but not to the point of rupture, as owing to the rise of the sandstone base there was comparatively little room for settlement on that side.
There is considerable distortion of the clay, resulting from combined shearing and tensile stress, above each of the steps of rock, and reaching its maximum at and above the highest rise ab, where it has proved sufficient to produce a dangerous line of weakness ac, the tension at a either causing actual rupture, or such increased porosity as to permit of percolation capable of keeping open the wound.
The materials, however, were poor, and it is probable that rupture by tension in a roughly horizontal plane took place.
Hence the joint rule of Pompey and Caesar was not unwillingly .accepted, and anything like a rupture between the two was greatly dreaded as the sure beginning of anarchy throughout the Roman world.
Her death was followed by a rupture between the Ptolemaic and Seleucid courts, on the old question of Palestine.
for some time refused to withdraw from his fixed theory of the relation of church and state, and Anselm, in despair, preferred to remain abroad rather than to press matters to the rupture that seemed the only logical issue of the controversy.
Accordingly he endeavoured to temporize and to avoid a rupture, to the archbishops great disgust.
had owned himself the vassal, of Edward I., there had been considerable fencing on both sides aS to the form of the oath, and, as neither sovereign at the moment had wished to push matters to a rupture, the words used had been intentionally vague, and both parties had kept their private interpretations to themselves.
Grave friction had already begun when external events precipitated an open rupture between the king of England and his new vassal.
than one occasion quarrelled with his subjects, but matters had never been pushed,to an open rupture.
The former ~eZai provided for a renewal of the old commercial alliance treaties, with the house of Burgundy, on the same terms under which it had existed in the time of Edward IV.; the rupture which had taken place during the years when Maximilian was backing Perkin Warbeck had been equally injurious to both parties.
In the beginning of 1859 diplomatists were alarmed at the~ language addressed by the emperor of the French to the Austrian ambassador at Paris, which seemed to breathe, the menace of a rupture.
He held the portfolio of ways and communications in the first responsible Magyar administration (March 23, 1848) under Batthyany, but his increasing apprehension of a revolution, with its inevitable corollaries of civil war and a rupture with the dynasty, finally affected his mind, and on the 5th of September he was removed to an asylum.
In May 1791 the thundercloud burst, and a public rupture between Burke and Fox took place in the House of Commons.
The rupture was never healed, and Fox and he had no relations with one another henceforth beyond such formal interviews as took place in the manager's box in Westminster Hall in connexion with the impeachment.
In 192, on the rupture between the Romans and Antiochus III.
Finally, a complete rupture took place in 1904 between the Prince and Venizelos; the Venizelist party were defeated at the polls by the personal canvassing of the Prince and the united efforts of the other Cretan party leaders, already jealous of Venizelos' rising star.
More than once during this period the Cretans came into sharp conflict with the four Great Powers; but Venizelos' wisdom and moderation prevented any rupture and maintained friendly relations with the Powers.
But with her usual prudence she avoided every appearance of an open rupture.
and Argos, which also about this time became democratic, united with other causes to bring about a rupture between the Athenians and the Peloponnesian League.
It brought about the rupture between the West and Constantinople.
The rupture seemed irremediable when the assembly of Poissy recognized the order of the Jesuits, which the French church had held in suspicion since its foundation.
The peace, however, satisfied no one; neither Catholics (because of the rupture of religious unity) nor the parlements; the pope, the emperor and king of Spain alike protested Peace of against it.
Danton, a master of diplomatic and military operations, had to avoid any rupture with the Commune.
But Bonaparte saw what they were planning; and to the rupture of the negotiations at Lille and an order for the resumption of hostilities he responded by a fresh act of disobedience and the infliction on the Directory of the peace of Campo-Formio, on October 17, 1797.
Alphonso alone remained cool, and would not listen to those who clamoured for a rupture with Germany.
Clement Simon, La Rupture du traite de Bretigny (1898); A.
From 1867 onwards his influence continued to increase, despite the rupture of his party, which he reconstructed at the conference of Nagyvarad (March 17, 1868), when the famous Bihari pontok, or articles of Bihar, were subscribed.
In Caryophyllaceae, however, while the placenta is free in the centre, there are often traces found at the base of the ovary of the remains of septa, as if rupture had taken place, and, in rare instances, ovules are found on the margins of the carpels.
In 1074 a new rupture led to Philip seizing Corbie, part of the dower of his aunt Adele, who had married Baldwin IV.
aneurysm rupture is related to aortic diameter.
In addition the following injuries can occur:- Cervical Disk Prolapse - caused by a rupture of the posterior disk annulus.
EXTENSION Cont. → Rupture of anterior longitudinal ligament +/- avulsion fracture +/- Disruption of disk space?
Obstruction or rupture of the urinary tract distal to the renal pelvis will result in a post-renal azotemia.
The rupture usually occurs out of the blue playing badminton or squash in a man in his forties.
biceps tendon rupture that is over 4 weeks old is often more difficult to repair directly.
Often their gills collapse and their swim bladder can rupture due to the sudden change in pressure on their bodies.
brachial plexus which may stretch or rupture the nerves.
The only reported predictable feature of fetal heart rate patterns in response to uterine rupture is the sudden onset of fetal bradycardia.
Case 61 Traumatic urethral rupture Findings The patient has a suprapubic catheter in situ.
cruciate ligament rupture.
With a little luck they wouldn't rupture and would be completely crumpled up.
dilatation of the aorta is symmetric, commencing at the sinus of Valsalva and predisposing to rupture and dissection.
Rupture or ulceration of a plaque, by definition, implies loss of the overlying endothelium.
Treatment requires a short segment bypass graft to remove the risk of rupture.
imaging modality to evaluate silicone implant rupture.
One baby died as a result of uterine rupture after misoprostol induction, but otherwise outcomes for the babies were similar.
Even a single fragment can rupture the spleen, or cause the intestines to explode.
plaque rupture is probably caused by a combination of several factors.
This causes tension on the brachial plexus which may stretch or rupture the nerves.
preterm premature rupture of the membranes.
These tend to rupture either to the outside or into the back of the throat and discharge thick yellow pus.
rupture of membranes.
rupture of an abdominal aortic aneurysm.
rupture of ligaments that we had feared.
rupture of a tendon, which will impair movement of the affected finger.
rupture of a blood vessel November 18, 1857.
The first warning signs of uterine rupture are usually changes in the baby's heart rate.
In the long run, all joints with cruciate ligament rupture will develop some degree of osteoarthritis.
A diagnosis of splenic rupture should be considered in patients reporting left upper abdominal pain or shoulder tip pain.
Although oesophageal rupture is a possibility, the patient should have received at least a fluid challenge in view of the previous blood loss.
The outcome of traumatic aortic rupture varies from reports to reports, however, is still not satisfactory.
Expectant management of women with prelabour rupture of the membranes at term should not exceed 96 hours following membrane rupture.
A knock to a tendon may result in slight bruising or more severe damage possibly even tendon rupture.
The risk of aneurysm rupture is related to aortic diameter.
Micky Adams will be without Isaac Osbourne who has a knee ligament rupture.
Click here for more details A biceps tendon rupture that is over 4 weeks old is often more difficult to repair directly.
Clinical antecedents linked with this type of injury include maternal pyrexia, prolonged preterm rupture of membranes and maternal leucocytosis.
splenic rupture should be considered in patients reporting left upper abdominal pain or shoulder tip pain.
tear of the medial meniscus and underlying anterior cruciate ligament rupture.
Magnetic resonance scan will show tibialis tendon tendinitis or rupture.
They sometimes rupture and discharge fluid or pus, and sometimes open sinus tracts form.
tympanic membrane could rupture, causing hearing loss.
uterine rupture are usually changes in the baby's heart rate.
volar plate to the proximal phalanx is strong and pliable, rupture seldom occurs here.
weave the woven roving cloth wide enough to extend at least 3 to 4 inches on either side of the rupture.
The pair went off and found their way eventually to Paris, leaving Musset in Italy, deeply wounded in his affections, but, to do him justice, taking all the blame for the rupture on himself.
The cap has a narrow dependent margin or frill, as shown at G, and in section at x; this dependent frill originates in the rupture of a delicate continuous wrapper, which in the infancy of the mushroom entirely wraps the young plant; it is shown in its continuous state at j, and at the moment of rupture at K.
The stem is firm, slightly pithy up the middle, but never hollow; it bears a floccose ring near its middle, as illustrated at Q, Q; this ring originates by the rupture of the thin general wrapper K of the infant plant.
An accord was likewise in 1898 effected with Italy, which since 1886 had been in a state of economic rupture with France, and in July 1899 an accord was concluded with the United States of America.
535 British oak '99 The resistance to breaking or rupture of Australian timber is very high; grey iron-bark with a specific gravity of 1.18 has a modulus of rupture of 17,900 lb per sq.
So far was he from desiring a rupture with France, that he had subordinated acceptance of the portfolio of the interior in the Depretis cabinet to an assurance that the triple alliance contained no provision for offensive warfare.
It would almost have come to a rupture, since both parties held firmly to their standpoint, had not a new persecution arisen under the emperor Valerian, which threw all internal quarrels into the background in face of the common danger.
3 At all events, there is now a complete rupture with Samaria, and thus, in the concluding chapter of the last of the historical books of the Old Testament, Judah maintains its claim to the heritage of Israel and rejects the right of the Samaritans to the title' (see § 5).
The beginnings of this rupture, as well as a sharp affray between his volunteers and the townsfolk of Ajaccio, may have quickened Bonaparte's resolve to return to France in May 1792, but there were also personal and family reasons for this step. Having again exceeded his time of furlough, he was liable to the severe penalties attaching to a deserter and an Ã©migrÃ© but he saw that the circumstances of the time would help to enforce the appeal for reinstatement which he resolved to make at Paris.
The Directors feared a rupture with the man to whom they owed their existence; and the house of Austria was fain to make peace with the general rather than expose itself to harder terms at the hands of the Directory.
It must suffice to say that the skilful intervention of Cambaceres helped very materially to ensure to Napoleon the consulship for life (August 1, 1802); but the second consul is known to have disapproved of some of the events which followed, notably the execution of the duc d'Enghien, the rupture with England, and the proclamation of the Empire (May 19, 1804).
His first attempts against the French were successful; and the rupture between Victor Amadeus, duke of Savoy, and Louis XIV.
" - raged for some time, the principal disputants being Rowland and Harris; and in 1751 it ended in an open rupture, which threw the Connexion first into confusion and then into a state of coma.
He knew this to be the only policy that would be supported by the Afghan nation; and although for some time a rupture with Russia seemed imminent, while the Indian government made ready for that contingency, the amir's reserved and circumspect tone in the consultations with him helped to turn the balance between peace and war, and substantially conduced towards a pacific solution.
This French government YÃ¯¿½ question of interest would not have been sufficient in itself to bring about a rupture, but the situation became acute when the dey, Hussein, struck the French consul, Deval, on the face with his fly-flap (April 30, 1827).
They arise usually in the gonidial layer of the thallus by division of the gonidia and the development around them of the hyphal investment; their increase in number leads to the rupture of the enclosing cortical layer and the soredia escape from the thallus as a powdery mass (fig.
Passing over the locomotor activity of zoospores (Pythium, Peronospora, Saprolegnia) we often find spores held under tension in sporangia (Pilobolus) or in asci (Peziza) until ripe, and then forcibly shot out by the sudden rupture of the sporangial wall under the pressure of liquid behind - mechanism comparable to that of a pop-gun, if we suppose air replaced by watery sap. Even a single conidium, held tense to the last moment by the elastic cell-wall, may be thus shot forward by a spurt of liquid under pressure in the hypha abstricting it (e.g.
(See also Macedonia.) Even before 1906 there was keen rivalry between Greece and Rumania, and the " Macedonian question " was the underlying cause of the disputes which, arising ostensibly from quite trivial causes, led temporarily to the rupture of diplomatic relations between Greece and Rumania in 1905, 1906 and 1910.
The whole nation clamoured for war with AustriaHungary, and was supported in this attitude by Montenegro, despite a temporary rupture of diplomatic relations between Belgrade and Cettigne, due to the alleged complicity of the Servian crown prince in a plot for the assassination of Prince Nicholas.
However, all women are not at equal risk from having prolonged rupture of membranes.
Annually in the United States, 9000 deaths occur as result of rupture of an abdominal aortic aneurysm.
There was no fracture, not even the rupture of ligaments that we had feared.
For this reason, arthritis may lead to rupture of a tendon, which will impair movement of the affected finger.
He died suddenly - in the midst of his life - through rupture of a blood vessel November 18, 1857.
The first warning signs of uterine rupture are usually changes in the baby 's heart rate.
MDA is aware of one further incident of aneurysm rupture involving a UK patient, 17 months after stent graft implantation.
An MRI scan was arranged which revealed a tear of the medial meniscus and underlying anterior cruciate ligament rupture.
Without taking steps to equalize pressure, the tympanic membrane could rupture, causing hearing loss.
Because the check ligament attachment of the volar plate to the proximal phalanx is strong and pliable, rupture seldom occurs here.
Cut the woven roving cloth wide enough to extend at least 3 to 4 inches on either side of the rupture.
It is a mistaken assumption that propane tanks rupture or explode under normal circumstances.
Only when the pressure inside the tank is too much for this valve to handle is there a possibility of rupture.
Oil and chemical spills are frequent sources of soil contamination, as is the rupture of underground storage tanks.
If pressure remains high, it can rupture capillaries and damage the circulatory system.
Any bag inside the stomach will eventually rupture or get eaten by acids.
When I examined her, I found that she had a small rupture on one side.
The amniotic sac may or may not break during labor, and the birth attendant may rupture the bag with an amnio-hook, which looks a little like a large crochet hook.
The aneurysm may eventually rupture or burst, allowing blood to escape into nearby tissues.
The connective tissue in the intestines, arteries, uterus, and other hollow organs may be unusually weak, leading to organ or blood vessel rupture.
These include thin translucent skin, arterial/intestinal/uterine fragility or rupture, extensive bruising, and characteristic facial appearance.
These include generally loose joints, low muscle tone at birth, scoliosis at birth (which worsens with age), and a fragility of the eyes, which may give the white area of the eye a blue tint or cause the eye to rupture.
Symptoms of EDS within this category may include soft, mildly stretchable skin, shortened bones, chronic diarrhea, joint hypermobility and dislocation, bladder rupture, or poor wound healing.
Hernia-A rupture in the wall of a body cavity, through which an organ may protrude.
The antacids will cause premature rupture of the enteric coating.
Rupture of the aorta is a medical emergency requiring immediate surgery and medication.
Complications in children who have not had surgery are hypertension, aortic rupture, intracranial bleeding, and congestive heart failure.
A rupture, in which there has been a separation within a nerve.
A single nerve may have more than one rupture.
Rupture injuries usually require surgery.
Causes include non-functioning kidneys and premature rupture of membranes.
Then they burst, and the rupture sores are covered with a white or yellow membrane.
It can rupture if pressure in the ear is not equalized during airplane ascents and descents.
It was believed that the resulting scar weakened the uterus wall and was at risk of rupture in subsequent deliveries.
This results in reduced blood loss and a decreased chance of rupture.
It is also easier to repair, heals well, is less likely to rupture during subsequent pregnancies and makes it possible for a woman to attempt a vaginal delivery in the future.
This incision also creates a weaker scar, which places the woman at risk for uterine rupture in subsequent pregnancies.
In rare instances, the spleen may rupture, producing sharp pain on the left side of the abdomen, a symptom that warrants immediate medical attention.
Any strenuous activity, athletic endeavors, or heavy lifting should be avoided until the symptoms completely subside, since excessive activity may cause the spleen to rupture.
The blister may rupture and become infected.
A perforated eardrum (tympanum perforation) is an opening or rupture in the eardrum (tympanic membrane), the thin membrane that separates the outer ear canal from the middle ear.
The hole or rupture can cause temporary hearing loss, pain, and occasional discharge.
The resulting congestion builds up pressure behind the eardrum, causing severe pain and spontaneous rupture, which reduces the pain immediately.
In some cases, the doctor may decide to rupture the membrane on purpose, making an incision (myringotomy) that relives pressure, reduces pain, and allows the infection to drain.
Sometimes the doctor may lance a bulging eardrum and place a tympanostomy tube in it to relieve pain and pressure and allow the ear infection to drain before spontaneous rupture occurs.
If the athlete keeps stressing inflamed tendons, they may rupture, and casting or surgery is sometimes necessary to correct this condition.
This is an invasive procedure that requires the rupture of membranes (amniotomy) and is associated with occasional complications.
As of 2004 the theory was that by linking these two networks, the complex acts as a "shock absorber," redistributing and evening out the forces generated by contraction of the muscle, thereby preventing rupture of the muscle membrane.
Research supported by the U.S. Public Health Service during the 1990s found that an inadequate diet during pregnancy was associated with premature rupture of amniotic sac membranes and premature birth.
These spots fill with fluid, rupture, and crust over.
Transmission of many perinatal infections occurs during childbirth, particularly in cases when invasive techniques such as episiotomy or artificial rupture of membranes are employed.
This infection can cause premature rupture of the membranes and early labor.
An ear examination with an otoscope can also detect a build-up of wax in the ear canal or a rupture or puncture of the eardrum.
This process can irritate an infected external ear canal and can rupture an eardrum if performed improperly or if the patient moves suddenly.
There are potential complications from an amniocentesis, i.e., preterm labor, spontaneous rupture of membranes, fetal or placental injury; and the clinician performing the procedure should explain what these are prior to the procedure.
When the infant itself or a breathing machine applies pressure on the lungs in an attempt to expand them, a lung may rupture, causing air to leak into the chest cavity.
Typically, the infant will be able to breathe more easily within a few days at the most, and complications such as lung rupture are less likely to occur.
In a severe attack that lasts for some time, some of the air sacs in the lung may rupture so that air collects within the chest.
In rare instances, binge eating may cause the stomach to rupture.
Appendicitis is a medical emergency, and if left untreated, the appendix may rupture and cause a potentially fatal infection.
They recover, but the infection can cause miscarriage, premature labor, early rupture of the birth sac, and stillbirth.
As the fetus grows, it will rupture the tube and cause severe internal bleeding.
Your membranes rupture and contractions don't begin within a set amount of time, usually around 6-12 hours.
In an amniotomy your care provider will artificially rupture your membranes.
Cervical ripening agents have been known to cause uterine over-stimulation, uterine rupture and fetal distress.
However, if your membranes rupture, he/she may have no choice but to deliver your baby.
The membranes which surround the baby and hold in the amniotic fluid will rupture, releasing a trickle or a gush of fluid.
Tubal pregnancies can cause the area affected to rupture.
Signs of a rupture include sudden and severe pain in the lower abdomen and fainting.
The bleeding from a rupture can send you into shock.
For pregnancies without a rupture, there are two options.
Another visible sign is the burst of water that is released when membranes surrounding the baby rupture, allowing clear fluid to trickle or rush out.
The tube may rupture, causing permanent damage.
The fluid-filled amniotic sac surrounding your baby will rupture before delivery.
When whiteheads cause the walls of the hair duct to rupture it leads to redness, infection, and pustules, also known as acne or pimples.
When you clean your face, use your hands instead of a rough washcloth, so as to not rupture acne sores and spread bacteria.
43, A); in this the mouth is formed distally as a perforation (B); next the sides of the tube so formed bulge out laterally near the attachment to form the umbrella, while the distal undilated portion of the tube represents the manubrium (C); the umbrella now grows out into a number of lobes or lappets, and the tentacles and tentaculocysts grow out, the former in a notch between two lappets, the latter on the apex of each lappet (D, E); finally, the velum arises as a growth of the ectoderm alone, the whole bud shapes itself, so to speak, and the little medusa is separated off by rupture of the thin stalk connecting it with the parent (F).
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