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roofs

roofs Sentence Examples

  • The houses are built of clay with (generally) flat roofs impervious to fire.

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  • He could see the clear starry sky between the dark roofs of two penthouses.

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  • Moonlight spilled over triangular roofs into grassy front yards.

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  • The famous Venetian pozzi, or wells for storing rain-water from the roofs and streets, consisted of a closed basin with a water-tight stratum of clay at the bottom, upon which a slab of stone was laid; a brick shaft of radiating bricks laid in a permeable jointing material of clay and sand was then built.

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  • Occasionally curly tongues of flame rose from under the roofs of the houses.

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  • Simple roofs in general use with a double slope are the " coupled rafter roofs," the rafters meeting at the highest point upon a horizontal ridge-piece which stiffens the framework and gives a level ridge-line.

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  • But here was a fairy forest with black moving shadows, and a glitter of diamonds and a flight of marble steps and the silver roofs of fairy buildings and the shrill yells of some animals.

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  • The roofs are laid out as gardens and preserved for the exclusive use of the women.

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  • Such roofs are not suitable for cold climates, for accumulations of snow might overburden the structure and would also cause the wet to penetrate through any small crevices and under flashings.

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  • " Lean-to," " shed," or " pent " roofs are practically developments of the flat roof, one end of the joists (which are now called " rafters ") being tipped up to form a decided slope, which enables slates, tiles, corrugated iron and other materials to be employed which cannot be used upon a " flat " roof.

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  • A.) Fleche (French for "arrow"), the term generally used in French architecture for a spire, but more especially employed to designate the timber spire covered with lead, which was erected over the intersection of the roofs over nave and transepts; sometimes these were small and unimportant, but in cathedrals they were occasionally of large dimensions, as in the fleche of Notre-Dame, Paris, where it is nearly ioo ft.

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  • Nearly all the stucco-fronted brick houses, with flat roofs and cornices and wide spreading stoeps, of the early Dutch settlers have been replaced by shops, warehouses and offices in styles common to English towns.

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  • With flat roofs the pressure exerted upon the supports is directly vertical.

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  • The use of automatic couplers for freight cars throughout the United States, introduced in 1893-1900, greatly reduced the number of deaths and injuries in coupling, and the use of air brakes on freight cars, now universal, has reduced the risk to the men by making it less necessary for them to ride on the roofs of high box-cars, while at the same time it has made it possible to run long trains with fewer men; but except in these two features the freight service in America continues to be a dangerous occupation.

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  • For a moment as he was rearranging his cloak Pierre opened his eyes and saw the same penthouse roofs, posts, and yard, but now they were all bluish, lit up, and glittering with frost or dew.

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  • In some old roofs the rafters are connected without any intervening ridge-plate, with the result that after Sectional elevation on AA.

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  • The public buildings include the cathedral (1760), the government palace, the municipal palace, the episcopal palace, the church of Santa Ana, a national theatre, a school of arts and trades, a foreign hospital, the former administration building of the Canal Company, Santo Tomas Hospital, the pesthouse of Punta Mala and various asylums. The houses are mostly of stone, with red tile roofs, two or three storeys high, built in the Spanish style around central patios, or courts, and with balconies projecting far over the narrow streets; in such houses the lowest floor is often rented to a poorer family.

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  • At intermediate stations the roofs are often carried on brackets fixed to the walls of the station buildings, and project only to the edge of the platforms. At larger stations where both the platforms and the tracks are covered in, there are two broad types of construction, with many intermediate variations: the roof may either be comparatively low, of the " ridge and furrow " pattern, borne on a number of rows of pillars, or it may consist of a single lofty span extending clear across the area from the side walls.

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  • The roofs were thatched with bark, straw, reeds or rushes.

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  • The public buildings include the cathedral (1760), the government palace, the municipal palace, the episcopal palace, the church of Santa Ana, a national theatre, a school of arts and trades, a foreign hospital, the former administration building of the Canal Company, Santo Tomas Hospital, the pesthouse of Punta Mala and various asylums. The houses are mostly of stone, with red tile roofs, two or three storeys high, built in the Spanish style around central patios, or courts, and with balconies projecting far over the narrow streets; in such houses the lowest floor is often rented to a poorer family.

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  • By order of the privy council the lead was stripped off the roofs in 1567 and sold to Holland to pay the troops; but the ship conveying the spoils foundered in the North Sea.

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  • By order of the privy council the lead was stripped off the roofs in 1567 and sold to Holland to pay the troops; but the ship conveying the spoils foundered in the North Sea.

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  • From the cave we have advanced to roofs of palm leaves, of bark and boughs, of linen woven and stretched, of grass and straw, of boards and shingles, of stones and tiles.

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  • Above the dirty, ill-lit streets, above the black roofs, stretched the dark starry sky.

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  • A third section scattered through the village arranging quarters for the staff officers, carrying out the French corpses that were in the huts, and dragging away boards, dry wood, and thatch from the roofs, for the campfires, or wattle fences to serve for shelter.

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  • It is a modern town, although many of the houses have the flat roofs, view-turrets (miradores) and horseshoe arches characteristic of Moorish architecture.

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  • Despite their pale swollen faces and tattered uniforms, the hussars formed line for roll call, kept things in order, groomed their horses, polished their arms, brought in straw from the thatched roofs in place of fodder, and sat down to dine round the caldrons from which they rose up hungry, joking about their nasty food and their hunger.

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  • The advantage claimed for roofs formed with one or two large spans is that they permit the platforms and tracks to be readily rearranged at any time as required, whereas this is difficult with the other type, especially since the British Board of Trade requires the pillars to be not less than 6 ft.

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  • The houses, mostly white with coloured roofs, are generally built of wood and iron, and have glazed porches, gay with fuchsias and pelargoniums. Government House, grey, stone-built and slated, calls to mind a manse in Shetland or Orkney.

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  • Few crowded neighbourhoods are visible, and the characteristic features of the scene which meets the eye are the upturned roofs of temples, palaces, and mansions, gay with blue, green and yellow glazed tiles, glittering among the groves of trees with which the city abounds.

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  • The tiles of these roofs are glazed porcelain of the most exquisite deep-blue colour, and add a conspicuous element of splendour to the shrine.

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  • At some distance from the shaft a square water-tight wall was built, and the space between it and the shaft was filled in with sand, which was purified of all saline matter by repeated washings; on the ground-level perforated stones set at the four corners of the basin admitted the rain-water, which was discharged from the roofs by lead pipes; this water filtered through the sand and percolated into the shaft of the well, whence it was drawn in copper buckets.

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  • Electric and compressed air locomotives are durable, easily operated, and can be built to run under the low roofs of thin veins.

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  • The roofs throughout are of open woodwork very low in pitch, constructionally plain, but richly decorated with colour, now mostly restored.

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  • Few crowded neighbourhoods are visible, and the characteristic features of the scene which meets the eye are the upturned roofs of temples, palaces, and mansions, gay with blue, green and yellow glazed tiles, glittering among the groves of trees with which the city abounds.

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  • The sun, just bursting forth from behind a cloud that had concealed it, was shining, with rays still half broken by the clouds, over the roofs of the street opposite, on the dew- besprinkled dust of the road, on the walls of the houses, on the windows, the fence, and on Pierre's horses standing before the hut.

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  • It was pointed out as early as 1869 (Unwin, Wrought Iron Bridges and Roofs) that a rational method of fixing the working stress, so far as knowledge went at that time, would be to make it depend on the ratio of live to dead load, and in such a way that the factor of safety for the live load stresses was double that for the dead load stresses.

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  • Metal roofs, designed to slip the snow, were a common sight in Ouray.

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  • The white-walled houses with their blue-slated roofs, and the numerous trees, give it an attractive appearance.

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  • high, with slightly conical wooden roofs covered with sheet iron; their capacity is 35,000 barrels, and they are placed upon the carefully levelled ground without any foundation.

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  • The custom of dwelling, for part of the day at least, in booths, is still kept up by orthodox Jews, who have temporary huts covered with branches erected in their courtyards, and those who are not in possession of a house with a backyard often go to pathetic extremes in order to fulfil the law by making holes in roofs, across which branches are placed.

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  • These constitute the winter residence of the family, reception rooms, &c. The roofs of the houses are all flat, surrounded by parapets of sufficient height to protect them from the observation of the dwellers opposite, and separate them from their neighbours.

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  • In the summer the population sleeps and dines upon the roofs, which thus constitute to all intents a third storey.

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  • Several of the bazaars are vaulted over with brickwork, but the greater number are merely covered with flat beams which support roofs of dried leaves or branches of trees and grass.

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  • A few old Turkish houses, built of plaster, with red-tiled roofs, are left among the ill-paved and insanitary districts bordering upon the rivers, but as the royal residence, the seat of government, and the centre of the import trade, Belgrade was, after 1869, III.

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  • It serves for the thatching of roofs, for a papermaking material, for ornamenting small surfaces as a "strawmosaic," for plaiting into door and table mats, mattresses, &c., and for weaving and plaiting into light baskets, artificial flowers, &c. These applications, however, are insignificant in comparison with the place occupied by straw as a raw material for the straw bonnets and hats worn by both sexes.

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  • High-pitched red tiled roofs take the place of the flat roofs of the coast.

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  • During this century the first sumptuary edict ordered that the dwellings of all high officials and opulent civilians should have tiled roofs and be colored red, the latter injunction being evidently intended to stop the use of logs carrying their bark.

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  • Massive, towering roofs, which impart an air of stateliness even to a wooden building and yet, by their graceful curves, avoid any suggestion of ponderosity, were still confined to Buddhist edifices.

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  • It would seem that only the immense weight of the roofs and their heavy projections prevent a collapse of some of these structures in high winds.

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  • Its houses are generally built of wood, with high roofs and wide verandahs shaded by cocoanut or cabbage palms. The principal buildings are the court house, in the centre of the town, government house, at the southern end, Fort George, towards the north, the British bank of Honduras, the hospital, the Roman Catholic convent, and the Wesleyan church, which is the largest and handsomest of all.

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  • This accident generally arises from an improper size of pillars; some roofs, however, are so difficult to support that sits take place where the half of the coal is left in pillars.

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  • In ascending the river a stranger's eye is first caught by the numerous huge ice-houses with high thatched roofs and by a tall white tower - the T'ien-feng-t'a or Ning-po pagoda or obelisk - which rises to a height of 160 ft.

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  • Private houses were also provided with flat roofs (azoteas) and battlements, which gave them great defensive strength, as well as a cool, secluded retreat for their inmates in the evening.

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  • The walls survive, indeed, only in isolated fragments, but the narrow winding streets of the older part of the town, and the market-place surrounded by houses with high-pitched gables and roofs are very picturesque.

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  • The well-preserved amphitheatre, the subterranean parts of which below the arena are intact, with a main passage down the centre, a curved passage all round with holes for trap doors in its roof, and numerous small chambers, also with trap doors in their vaulted roofs for admitting the wild beasts, whose cages were on the other side of the curved passage, to the arena, are especially interesting.

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  • The villages of the Guajiros in the Gulf of Maracaibo are described by Goering as composed of houses with low sloping roofs perched on lofty piles and connected with each other by bridges of planks.

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  • Then w2'/w2 = (1 +4p7p) w2'/7.vl = 1 1 0 [l2/ll + (12/11) 2] (1 +4P1p) A partially rational approximate formula for the weight of main girders is the following (Unwin, Wrought Iron Bridges and Roofs, 1869, p. 4 0) :- Let w=total live load per ft.

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  • above sea-level, adapted as a distributing reservoir in the city's waterworks; and behind it are verdure-covered hills rising to an elevation of 500 ft., forming a picturesque background to the grey walls and red-tiled roofs of the city.

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  • For an enumeration of these sizes, see Roofs, where also will be found an account of the different varieties of slates and of the ways in which they are fixed.

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  • Of these the most noteworthy are the Taranchi and Dungan mosques, both with turned-up roofs, and the latter with a pagoda-looking minaret.

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  • It is a picturesque town, the houses having the overhanging wooden roofs of Switzerland united with the heavy stone arcades of Italy, while the situation is beautiful, with the lake in front and the semicircle of bold mountains behind.

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  • Its design was that of a Jerusalem cross, with two flanking towers at the east end, two at the west end, and one in the centre, at the intersection of the roofs of the nave and transepts.

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  • On the former occasion little was left uncovered but the roofs of the houses.

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  • The prospect of the city with its cupolas, towers, spires and the copper green roofs of its palaces, as seen from the distance, is one of striking beauty.

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  • Modern Hebron rises on the east slope of a shallow valley - a long narrow town of stone houses, the flat roofs having small stone domes.

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  • " spindles," above the tombs near Amrit, have peculiarities of their own; some of them are adorned with lions at the base and with roofs of pyramidal shape.

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  • Inside the ramparts the town lies rather cramped, with narrow, crooked streets, badly drained and dirty; the houses are generally built of dark grey volcanic stone with flat roofs, the general aspect, owing to the absence of trees, being somewhat gloomy.

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  • The buildings of the old town are chiefly of brick, from four to five storeys in height, with flat roofs, and other oriental peculiarities; while in the new town hewn stone is very largely employed, and the architecture is often of a modern English style.

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  • During this century the first sumptuary edict ordered that the dwellings of all high officials and opulent civilians should have tiled roofs and be colored red, the latter injunction being evidently intended to stop the use of logs carrying their bark.

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  • For an enumeration of these sizes, see Roofs, where also will be found an account of the different varieties of slates and of the ways in which they are fixed.

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  • It is a picturesque town, the houses having the overhanging wooden roofs of Switzerland united with the heavy stone arcades of Italy, while the situation is beautiful, with the lake in front and the semicircle of bold mountains behind.

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  • " spindles," above the tombs near Amrit, have peculiarities of their own; some of them are adorned with lions at the base and with roofs of pyramidal shape.

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  • Pisano's building sheds, nine in a row, with peculiarly shaped roofs, were still standing intact - one of the most interesting medieval monuments of Venice - until recently, but they have been modified past recognition.

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  • The Palazzo della Ragione, with its great hall on the upper floor, is reputed to have the largest roof unsupported by columns in Europe; the hall is nearly rectangular, its length 2672 ft., its breadth 89 ft., and its height 78 ft.; the walls are covered with symbolical paintings in fresco; the building stands upon arches, and the upper storey is surrounded by an open loggia, not unlike that which surrounds the basilica of Vicenza; the Palazzo was begun in 1172 and finished in 1219; in 1306 Fra Giovanni, an Augustinian friar, covered the whole with one roof; originally there were three roofs, spanning the three chambers into which the hall was at first divided; the internal partition walls remained till the fire of 1420, when the Venetian architects who undertook the restoration removed them, throwing all three compartments into one and forming the present great hall.

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  • All over the town are scattered beautiful Buddhist temples, which with their coloured tile roofs and gilded spires give it a peculiar and notable appearance.

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  • Moonlight spilled over large buildings with triangular roofs into community squares abutting stacked parking lots.

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  • Roofs >>

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  • There are no public buildings of any importance,, and the only places of interest are the bazars, which extend fully a mile in length, and consist of substantially built ranges of shops covered with roofs.

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  • From the upper rooms of the houses may be seen a large number of old tiled roofs.

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  • The houses are mostly one-storeyed, built of unburned bricks, and have flat roofs.

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  • There remain many public edifices and dwellings of the colonial period, severely plain in appearance, with heavy stone walls and tile roofs.

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  • Machine-making on a large scale is carried on by firms widely celebrated for the construction of locomotives, railway trucks and carriages, steamboilers and motors, turbines, pumps, metal bridges and roofs.

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  • With this object in view, the early improvers of hot-house architecture substituted metal for wood in the construction of the roofs, and for the most part dispensed with back walls; but the conducting power of the metal caused a great irregularity of temperature, which it was found difficult to control; and, notwithstanding the elegance of metallic houses, this circumstance, together with their greater cost, has induced most recent authorities to give the preference to wood.

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  • But as the rays of light, even in passing through transparent glass, lose much of their energy, which is further weakened in proportion to the distance it has to travel, the nearer the plant can be placed to the glass the more perfectly will its functions be performed; hence the importance of constructing the roofs at such an angle as will admit the most light, especially sunlight, at the time it is most required.

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  • Plants in glass houses require for their fullest development more solar light probably than even our best hot-houses transmit - certainly much more than is transmitted through the roofs of houses as generally constructed.

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  • Span and ridge-and-furrow roofs, the forms now mostly preferred, are exceedingly well adapted for the admission of light, especially when they are glazed to within a few inches 2.

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  • Indeed, it has been proposed to support such roofs to a great extent upon suspension principles, the internal columns of support being utilized for conducting the rain-water off the roof to underground drains or reservoirs.

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  • wide, which ran, not at the bottom of the valleys, where there were sometimes streams already, and where, in any case, erosion would have broken through their roofs, but along their slopes, through the less permeable tufa, their object being to drain the hills on each side of the valleys.

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  • sacrifices on the house roofs) and from a survey of epigraphical and other data from the Greek, Roman, and later periods, allowance being made for contamination.

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  • In the chief towns houses are built of mud bricks with flat roofs.

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  • Palm-groves, churches with bluetiled cupolas, and houses with flat roofs and view-turrets (miradores) to some extent preserve the Moorish character of the town.

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  • These dwellings are usually holes in the ground, and presumably had thatched roofs.

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  • The houses are almost all of one storey, built in the quaint style of southern Spain, with red-tile roofs, and the better ones with verandas and court gardens.

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  • Apart from the Hotel des Monneyroux (used as prefecture), a picturesque mansion of the 15th and 16th centuries, with mansard roofs and mullioned windows, Gueret has little architectural interest.

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  • Thir, the commander of the Albanians, then repaired to the citadel, gained admittance through an embrasure, and, having obtained possession of it, began to cannonade the pasha over the roofs of the intervening houses, and then descended with guns to the Ezbekia and laid close siege to the palace.

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  • The British resident, Major Missett, having represented the importance of taking Rosetta and Rahmanieh,to secure supplies for Alexandria, General Fraser, with the concurrence of the admiral, Sir John Duckworth, detached the 31st regiment and the Chasseurs Britanniques, accompanied by some field artillery under Major-General Wauchope and Brigadier-General Meade, on this service; and these troops entered Rosetta without encountering any opposition; but as soon as they had dispersed among the narrow streets, the garrison opened a deadly fire on them from the latticed windows and the roofs of the houses.

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  • Their chambers are rudely but strongly built, with dome-shaped roofs, formed by overlapping the successive courses of the upper part of the side walls.

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  • Houses built in the Italian style with terraced roofs, shadowed by luxuriant vines, and surrounded by gardens of oranges and pomegranates, give to the town a picturesque and pleasing aspect.

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  • The roofs are formed by placing slabs so that each course overlaps the lower one until the opening becomes about 5 ft.

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  • Its business edifices and residences are largely of Dutch architecture, with many storeys and steep roofs.

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  • There are no regulations in England limiting the working stresses that may safely be placed upon timber, although in some districts the least sizes that may be used for timbers in roofs and floors are specified.

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  • Dwellings require careful construction, with thick walls and roofs of non-conducting material to keep out the heat-rays, and fans and punkahs are essential for the promotion of currents of air in the inhabited rooms. Personal protection, in the shape of thick pith topees, or cork helmets, and spinal pads, is necessary in the hot months, the clothing being light and loose and not too thin.

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  • Adjoining the mainland is the native town, consisting mostly of roughly made wooden houses with well thatched roofs.

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  • In the medieval period it was used to some extent in the shape of thin sheeting for roofs, as at St Mark's, Venice; while during the 16th and 17th centuries it was largely employed for ornamental domestic vessels of various sorts.

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  • In sheets it forms the best of all coverings for roofs and even spires.

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  • The houses are of sun-dried bricks, the streets narrow and winding and for the most part roofed over, the roofs carrying upper storeys.

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  • Most of the houses, and especially those of the planter aristocracy, are massively built of stone, with large grated windows, flat roofs with heavy parapets and inner courts.

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  • The exterior is simple, but the buildings which surround the main courtyard have high-pitched roofs surmounted by numerous dormer windows with decorated gables, recalling the Flemish style of architecture.

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  • The buildings of Montevideo are chiefly of brick and broken stone, covered outside with plaster and stucco, of one to three storeys, with flat roofs, usually surmounted by a square tower, or mirador.

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  • The roofs, or azoteas, are largely used for domestic purposes, or roof gardens.

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  • Above these rise the towers of the Roman Catholic cathedral, the high curved roofs of the royal audience halls, the palace gateways, and the showy buildings of the Russian and French legations.

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  • tegere, to cover; the French equivalent is chaume), the material employed sometimes for roofs in the place of tiles or slates; it consists of wheat straw, of which several layers are required, to the depth of from 12 to 14 in., or even extending to 18 in.

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  • Thatched roofs are not now allowed in London or other towns and their vicinity, but if saturated with a solution of lime the thatch is said to be incombustible.

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  • The class of simple frames includes many of the frameworks used in the construction of roofs, lattice girders and suspension bridges; a number of examples will be found in the article BRIDGES.

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  • A praiseworthy desire to maintain the picturesqueness of the town has led most of the builders of new houses to imitate the lofty peaked gables, oriel windows and red-tiled roofs of the older dwellings.

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  • The roofs were wholly of stone, and the walls covered with sculpture.

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  • They live in round grass huts with conical roofs.

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  • In man the surface of the skull is comparatively smooth, and the brow-ridges project but little, while in the gorilla these ridges overhang the cavernous orbits like penthouse roofs.

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  • These huts are sometimes made simply of straw and are surrounded by high thorn hedges, but, in the north, square houses, built in stories, flat-roofed, the roof sometimes laid at the same slope as the hillside, and some with pitched thatched roofs, are common.

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  • The streets in the oldest part of Amsterdam are often narrow and irregular, and the sky-line is picturesquely broken by fantastic gables, roofs and towers.

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  • In the older districts there is a countless variety of narrow gloomy streets, many of them steep. The houses are mostly five or six storeys high, are covered with stucco made of a kind of pozzolana which hardens by exposure, and have large balconies and flat roofs.

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  • Apart from the aesthetic considerations to which has been due the construction of spires, towers, domes, high roofs, &c., the form and height of buildings have always been largely controlled by a practical consideration of their value for personal use or rental.

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  • Subsequently several buildings were erected in which the entire weight of the floors and roofs was carried by a system of metal columns placed against the inner surface of the exterior walls.

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  • A similar construction is followed for flat roofs, the grades being generally formed in the girder and beam construction, and a flat ceiling secured by hanging from them, with steel straps, a light tier of ceiling beams. The floor beams are tied laterally by rods in continuous lines placed at or above their neutral axis.

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  • These are not very striking, the high roofs of dark slate, the cross-surmounted turrets and the lofty clock-tower being the chief features.

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  • These buildings are more or less square with pyramidal roofs ornamented outside with green glazed tiles, and inside with and tophel,liar (Faust, ed.

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  • The general aspect of the town is picturesque; the streets are fairly spacious, though ill-kept and filthy; the houses are all of stone, many of them well-built and four or five storeys high, with terraced roofs and large projecting windows as in Jidda - a style of building which has not varied materially since the Toth century (Mukaddasi, p. 71), and gains in effect from the way in which the dwellings run up the sides and spurs of the mountains.

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  • CURVILINEAR, in architecture, that which is formed by curved or flowing lines; the roofs over the domes and vaults of the Byzantine churches were generally curvilinear.

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  • The houses are meanly built, partly of sun-dried and partly of burnt bricks, with flat roofs surrounded by parapets.

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  • Its general aspect is gloomy; it possesses few streets of any pretensions, though those in the old part, which are mostly narrow, present, with their grey slate roofs and green shutters, a picturesque appearance.

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  • Its general aspect is Oriental, owing to the flat roofs of its twostoreyed houses and its numerous mosques.

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  • In shape they were most frequently cylindrical, having conical roofs thatched with rushes or straw.

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  • The majority of Hova houses were formerly built of layers of the hard red soil of the country, with high-pitched roofs thatched with grass or rush; while the chiefs and wealthy people had houses of framed timber, with massive upright planking, and lofty roofs covered with shingles or tiles.

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  • The old town, with its narrow streets and numerous houses of the 16th and 17th centuries, with their high-pitched roofs, preserves much of its quaint medieval aspect.

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  • Its main features may be summed as follows: - a purely agricultural life, with the plantain, yam and manioc (the last two of American origin) as the staple food; cannibalism common; rectangular houses with ridged roofs; scar-tattooing; clothing of bark-cloth or palm-fibre; occasional chipping or extraction of upper incisors; bows with strings of cane, as the principal weapons, shields of wood or wickerwork; religion, a primitive form of fetishism with the belief that death is due to witchcraft; ordeals, secret societies, the use of masks and anthropomorphic figures, and wooden gongs.

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  • These are distinguished by circular huts with domed or conical roofs; clothing of skin or leather; occasional chipping or extraction of lower incisors; spears as the principal weapons, bows, where found, with a sinew cord, shields of hide or leather; religion, ancestor-worship with belief in the power of the magicians as rain-makers.

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  • Metal roofs, designed to slip the snow, were a common sight in Ouray.

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  • Moonlight spilled over large buildings with triangular roofs into community squares abutting stacked parking lots.

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  • Moonlight spilled over triangular roofs into grassy front yards.

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  • accumulate anywhere in the premises, at the perimeter fence or on the roofs.

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  • See Figure 16: Figure 16- Timber roof anchorage to bond beam RC roofs can be also constructed.

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  • The walls are faced with rough ashlar and the roofs are covered with tiles and lead.

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  • His design for Chippenham was in Dutch Renaissance style, constructed in limestone ashlar with Welsh slate roofs.

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  • atrium roofs also contain the plant rooms, creating a coherent extra story.

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  • bowler's head, soaring higher and higher, so high it easily cleared the roofs of the school.

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  • brick with stone dressings under steeply pitched plain clay tiled roofs.

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  • Most had flat roofs, a steel frame, were built of wood and glass, and had carports instead of garages.

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  • clerestory roofs was made.

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  • conservatory roofs.

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  • daub walls, wooden roofs thatched with straw or reeds and with clay or earth floors.

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  • dilapidated mud huts have been replaced with better built dwellings all with corrugated steel roofs.

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  • Photo: Leslie Chatfield Snow on the roofs of Leyland PD2s awaiting disposal at Armstrong Road depot.

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  • Steep hipped Swithland slate roofs with deep eaves and hipped dormers.

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  • Steep pitched clay tile roofs with pitched roof dormers.

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  • There have been many cases where offenders have climbed drainpipes and gone onto flat roofs to commit this type of offense.

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  • embattled parapets masking the flat leaded roofs.

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  • No waste material should be allowed to accumulate anywhere in the premises, at the perimeter fence or on the roofs.

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  • Other three roofs have elaborate cast iron flashings and small lucarnes with finials.

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  • hutch hugger will fit snugly on both sloping and flat roofs.

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  • inch of snow on the roofs of Warsaw.

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  • The oldest buildings are mostly of cob or Burley Rock - a local ironstone - with thatched roofs.

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  • Roofs: slates with black ceramic ridge tiles; sandstone coping, kneelers and celtic cross finial at east gable end.

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  • The Technical Service can calculate U-values for external roofs and walls to assist in selecting Knauf insulating laminates to meet thermal insulation targets.

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  • leaking roofs, brought toilets inside.

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  • fix leaky shed roofs before the autumn rain comes.

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  • Other three roofs have elaborate cast iron flashings and small lucarnes with finials.

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  • Does your building have aging sheet metal or asbestos roofs or leaks?

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  • mildew caused by flood damage or leaky sun roofs.

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  • They are almost identical in Gothic style, with curious stepped pyramid roofs surmounted by obelisks topped with an egg shape.

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  • All have 40-degree slope gable roofs with either concrete pantiles (the majority) or flat tiles.

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  • pattered down, damaging the roofs in Norman Terrace in Rowlands Gill.

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  • The airport, comprised of open-air pavilions with thatch roofs, is very charming.

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  • purlins of roofs visible.

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  • rainwater from the roofs of buildings.

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  • The prices for the thatched roofs do not include the picnic tables.

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  • However in parts of southern Ulster there remain both hipped and half-hipped roofs, although hipped roofs are in the minority.

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  • The airport, comprised of open-air pavilions with thatch roofs, is very charming.

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  • Changes in the roofs of two nursery roosts have improved the environment for the bats during the breeding season.

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  • sheet metal or asbestos roofs or leaks?

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  • Does your building have aging sheet metal or asbestos roofs or leaks?

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  • slated roofs, with plain ridge tiles which may be stone or concrete; certainly the latter on the porch.

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  • solar panels on one million roofs around our nation by 2010.

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  • We will work with businesses and communities to install solar panels on one million roofs around our nation by 2010.

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  • storks ' nests on the roofs.

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  • These sketches are intended to show geometry of roofs at various spans and pitches and not structural details.

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  • stucco with gray roofs would be least intrusive.

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  • wind suction Wind suction forces on roofs are resisted in three ways.

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  • They are almost identical in Gothic style, with curious stepped pyramid roofs surmounted by obelisks topped with an egg shape.

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  • swamped by flash floods Perched on the roofs of their cars, they look out bewildered on a city inundated with flash floods.

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  • thatched roofs do not include the picnic tables.

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  • Roof: slate roofs with plain reconstituted clay ridge tiles.

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  • The storms, many of which spawned tornadoes, ripped off roofs, smashed homes and left many without power.

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  • Wooden features were replaced with stone while roofs, now considered unseemly, were hidden behind a stone parapet.

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  • In large roofs, ventilation can be improved with ridge ventilators.

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  • vortexng the latter stages of landing, it is possible for aircraft vortices to make contact with roofs of properties close to the Airport.

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  • Nos. 2 and 3 will probably be treated with the rubber compound used on the roofs of the other original four- wheelers.

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  • The white-walled houses with their blue-slated roofs, and the numerous trees, give it an attractive appearance.

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  • Many of the houses, which are of stone throughout, with flat roofs, are large and luxuriously built; wooden-covered balconies project from the windows and give a peculiar aspect to the streets.

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  • Such roofs are not suitable for cold climates, for accumulations of snow might overburden the structure and would also cause the wet to penetrate through any small crevices and under flashings.

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  • With flat roofs the pressure exerted upon the supports is directly vertical.

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  • " Lean-to," " shed," or " pent " roofs are practically developments of the flat roof, one end of the joists (which are now called " rafters ") being tipped up to form a decided slope, which enables slates, tiles, corrugated iron and other materials to be employed which cannot be used upon a " flat " roof.

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  • Simple roofs in general use with a double slope are the " coupled rafter roofs," the rafters meeting at the highest point upon a horizontal ridge-piece which stiffens the framework and gives a level ridge-line.

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  • In some old roofs the rafters are connected without any intervening ridge-plate, with the result that after Sectional elevation on AA.

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  • It is a modern town, although many of the houses have the flat roofs, view-turrets (miradores) and horseshoe arches characteristic of Moorish architecture.

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  • A.) Fleche (French for "arrow"), the term generally used in French architecture for a spire, but more especially employed to designate the timber spire covered with lead, which was erected over the intersection of the roofs over nave and transepts; sometimes these were small and unimportant, but in cathedrals they were occasionally of large dimensions, as in the fleche of Notre-Dame, Paris, where it is nearly ioo ft.

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  • Amongst the most marked features of the change that has taken place since 1875 are the growth of religious and philanthropic establishments; the settlement of Jewish colonies from Bokhara, Yemen and Europe; the migration of Europeans, old Moslem families, and Jews from the city to the suburbs; the increased vegetation, due to the numerous gardens and improved methods of cultivation; the substitution of timber and red tiles for the vaulted stone roofs which were so characteristic of the old city; the striking want of beauty, grandeur, and harmony with their environment exhibited by most of the new buildings; and the introduction of wheeled transport, which, cutting into the soft limestone, has produced mud and dust to an extent previously unknown.

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  • The use of automatic couplers for freight cars throughout the United States, introduced in 1893-1900, greatly reduced the number of deaths and injuries in coupling, and the use of air brakes on freight cars, now universal, has reduced the risk to the men by making it less necessary for them to ride on the roofs of high box-cars, while at the same time it has made it possible to run long trains with fewer men; but except in these two features the freight service in America continues to be a dangerous occupation.

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  • At intermediate stations the roofs are often carried on brackets fixed to the walls of the station buildings, and project only to the edge of the platforms. At larger stations where both the platforms and the tracks are covered in, there are two broad types of construction, with many intermediate variations: the roof may either be comparatively low, of the " ridge and furrow " pattern, borne on a number of rows of pillars, or it may consist of a single lofty span extending clear across the area from the side walls.

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  • The advantage claimed for roofs formed with one or two large spans is that they permit the platforms and tracks to be readily rearranged at any time as required, whereas this is difficult with the other type, especially since the British Board of Trade requires the pillars to be not less than 6 ft.

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  • a mile) were provided with covered vehicles, on the roofs of which their luggage was carried, and from the circumstance that they could book seats in advance came the term " booking office," still commonly applied to the office where tickets are issued.

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  • The houses, mostly white with coloured roofs, are generally built of wood and iron, and have glazed porches, gay with fuchsias and pelargoniums. Government House, grey, stone-built and slated, calls to mind a manse in Shetland or Orkney.

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  • The tiles of these roofs are glazed porcelain of the most exquisite deep-blue colour, and add a conspicuous element of splendour to the shrine.

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  • There are no public buildings of any importance,, and the only places of interest are the bazars, which extend fully a mile in length, and consist of substantially built ranges of shops covered with roofs.

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  • The houses are built of clay with (generally) flat roofs impervious to fire.

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  • The exteriors of the north Italian Gothic churches are characterized by the flatness of the roof; the treatment of the west facade as a mere screen wall, masking the true lines of the aisle roofs; the great circular window in the west front for lighting the nave; the absence of pinnacles owing to the unimportance of the buttresses; the west-end porches with columns resting on lions or other animals.

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  • Pisano's building sheds, nine in a row, with peculiarly shaped roofs, were still standing intact - one of the most interesting medieval monuments of Venice - until recently, but they have been modified past recognition.

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  • The famous Venetian pozzi, or wells for storing rain-water from the roofs and streets, consisted of a closed basin with a water-tight stratum of clay at the bottom, upon which a slab of stone was laid; a brick shaft of radiating bricks laid in a permeable jointing material of clay and sand was then built.

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  • At some distance from the shaft a square water-tight wall was built, and the space between it and the shaft was filled in with sand, which was purified of all saline matter by repeated washings; on the ground-level perforated stones set at the four corners of the basin admitted the rain-water, which was discharged from the roofs by lead pipes; this water filtered through the sand and percolated into the shaft of the well, whence it was drawn in copper buckets.

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  • high, with slightly conical wooden roofs covered with sheet iron; their capacity is 35,000 barrels, and they are placed upon the carefully levelled ground without any foundation.

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  • The custom of dwelling, for part of the day at least, in booths, is still kept up by orthodox Jews, who have temporary huts covered with branches erected in their courtyards, and those who are not in possession of a house with a backyard often go to pathetic extremes in order to fulfil the law by making holes in roofs, across which branches are placed.

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  • These constitute the winter residence of the family, reception rooms, &c. The roofs of the houses are all flat, surrounded by parapets of sufficient height to protect them from the observation of the dwellers opposite, and separate them from their neighbours.

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  • In the summer the population sleeps and dines upon the roofs, which thus constitute to all intents a third storey.

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  • Several of the bazaars are vaulted over with brickwork, but the greater number are merely covered with flat beams which support roofs of dried leaves or branches of trees and grass.

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  • A few old Turkish houses, built of plaster, with red-tiled roofs, are left among the ill-paved and insanitary districts bordering upon the rivers, but as the royal residence, the seat of government, and the centre of the import trade, Belgrade was, after 1869, III.

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  • It serves for the thatching of roofs, for a papermaking material, for ornamenting small surfaces as a "strawmosaic," for plaiting into door and table mats, mattresses, &c., and for weaving and plaiting into light baskets, artificial flowers, &c. These applications, however, are insignificant in comparison with the place occupied by straw as a raw material for the straw bonnets and hats worn by both sexes.

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  • From the upper rooms of the houses may be seen a large number of old tiled roofs.

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  • Electric and compressed air locomotives are durable, easily operated, and can be built to run under the low roofs of thin veins.

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  • High-pitched red tiled roofs take the place of the flat roofs of the coast.

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  • The Palazzo della Ragione, with its great hall on the upper floor, is reputed to have the largest roof unsupported by columns in Europe; the hall is nearly rectangular, its length 2672 ft., its breadth 89 ft., and its height 78 ft.; the walls are covered with symbolical paintings in fresco; the building stands upon arches, and the upper storey is surrounded by an open loggia, not unlike that which surrounds the basilica of Vicenza; the Palazzo was begun in 1172 and finished in 1219; in 1306 Fra Giovanni, an Augustinian friar, covered the whole with one roof; originally there were three roofs, spanning the three chambers into which the hall was at first divided; the internal partition walls remained till the fire of 1420, when the Venetian architects who undertook the restoration removed them, throwing all three compartments into one and forming the present great hall.

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  • Massive, towering roofs, which impart an air of stateliness even to a wooden building and yet, by their graceful curves, avoid any suggestion of ponderosity, were still confined to Buddhist edifices.

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  • It would seem that only the immense weight of the roofs and their heavy projections prevent a collapse of some of these structures in high winds.

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  • Its houses are generally built of wood, with high roofs and wide verandahs shaded by cocoanut or cabbage palms. The principal buildings are the court house, in the centre of the town, government house, at the southern end, Fort George, towards the north, the British bank of Honduras, the hospital, the Roman Catholic convent, and the Wesleyan church, which is the largest and handsomest of all.

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  • All over the town are scattered beautiful Buddhist temples, which with their coloured tile roofs and gilded spires give it a peculiar and notable appearance.

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  • This accident generally arises from an improper size of pillars; some roofs, however, are so difficult to support that sits take place where the half of the coal is left in pillars.

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  • In ascending the river a stranger's eye is first caught by the numerous huge ice-houses with high thatched roofs and by a tall white tower - the T'ien-feng-t'a or Ning-po pagoda or obelisk - which rises to a height of 160 ft.

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  • Nearly all the stucco-fronted brick houses, with flat roofs and cornices and wide spreading stoeps, of the early Dutch settlers have been replaced by shops, warehouses and offices in styles common to English towns.

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  • Private houses were also provided with flat roofs (azoteas) and battlements, which gave them great defensive strength, as well as a cool, secluded retreat for their inmates in the evening.

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  • The houses are mostly one-storeyed, built of unburned bricks, and have flat roofs.

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  • The walls survive, indeed, only in isolated fragments, but the narrow winding streets of the older part of the town, and the market-place surrounded by houses with high-pitched gables and roofs are very picturesque.

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  • The well-preserved amphitheatre, the subterranean parts of which below the arena are intact, with a main passage down the centre, a curved passage all round with holes for trap doors in its roof, and numerous small chambers, also with trap doors in their vaulted roofs for admitting the wild beasts, whose cages were on the other side of the curved passage, to the arena, are especially interesting.

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  • The villages of the Guajiros in the Gulf of Maracaibo are described by Goering as composed of houses with low sloping roofs perched on lofty piles and connected with each other by bridges of planks.

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  • The roofs were thatched with bark, straw, reeds or rushes.

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  • Then w2'/w2 = (1 +4p7p) w2'/7.vl = 1 1 0 [l2/ll + (12/11) 2] (1 +4P1p) A partially rational approximate formula for the weight of main girders is the following (Unwin, Wrought Iron Bridges and Roofs, 1869, p. 4 0) :- Let w=total live load per ft.

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  • It was pointed out as early as 1869 (Unwin, Wrought Iron Bridges and Roofs) that a rational method of fixing the working stress, so far as knowledge went at that time, would be to make it depend on the ratio of live to dead load, and in such a way that the factor of safety for the live load stresses was double that for the dead load stresses.

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  • above sea-level, adapted as a distributing reservoir in the city's waterworks; and behind it are verdure-covered hills rising to an elevation of 500 ft., forming a picturesque background to the grey walls and red-tiled roofs of the city.

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  • The roofs are laid out as gardens and preserved for the exclusive use of the women.

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  • Of these the most noteworthy are the Taranchi and Dungan mosques, both with turned-up roofs, and the latter with a pagoda-looking minaret.

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  • In Corfu, for instance, the people at a given signal on Easter Eve throw vast quantities of crockery from their windows and roofs into the streets, and thus execute an imaginary stoning of Judas (see Kirkwall, Ionian Islands, ii.

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  • The roofs throughout are of open woodwork very low in pitch, constructionally plain, but richly decorated with colour, now mostly restored.

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  • Its design was that of a Jerusalem cross, with two flanking towers at the east end, two at the west end, and one in the centre, at the intersection of the roofs of the nave and transepts.

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  • On the former occasion little was left uncovered but the roofs of the houses.

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  • There remain many public edifices and dwellings of the colonial period, severely plain in appearance, with heavy stone walls and tile roofs.

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  • The prospect of the city with its cupolas, towers, spires and the copper green roofs of its palaces, as seen from the distance, is one of striking beauty.

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  • Modern Hebron rises on the east slope of a shallow valley - a long narrow town of stone houses, the flat roofs having small stone domes.

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  • Inside the ramparts the town lies rather cramped, with narrow, crooked streets, badly drained and dirty; the houses are generally built of dark grey volcanic stone with flat roofs, the general aspect, owing to the absence of trees, being somewhat gloomy.

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  • The buildings of the old town are chiefly of brick, from four to five storeys in height, with flat roofs, and other oriental peculiarities; while in the new town hewn stone is very largely employed, and the architecture is often of a modern English style.

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  • Machine-making on a large scale is carried on by firms widely celebrated for the construction of locomotives, railway trucks and carriages, steamboilers and motors, turbines, pumps, metal bridges and roofs.

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  • With this object in view, the early improvers of hot-house architecture substituted metal for wood in the construction of the roofs, and for the most part dispensed with back walls; but the conducting power of the metal caused a great irregularity of temperature, which it was found difficult to control; and, notwithstanding the elegance of metallic houses, this circumstance, together with their greater cost, has induced most recent authorities to give the preference to wood.

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  • But as the rays of light, even in passing through transparent glass, lose much of their energy, which is further weakened in proportion to the distance it has to travel, the nearer the plant can be placed to the glass the more perfectly will its functions be performed; hence the importance of constructing the roofs at such an angle as will admit the most light, especially sunlight, at the time it is most required.

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  • Plants in glass houses require for their fullest development more solar light probably than even our best hot-houses transmit - certainly much more than is transmitted through the roofs of houses as generally constructed.

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  • To secure the greatest possible influx of light, some horticulturists recommend curvilinear roofs; but the superiority of these is largely due to the absence of rafters, which may also be dispensed with in plain roofs.

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  • Span and ridge-and-furrow roofs, the forms now mostly preferred, are exceedingly well adapted for the admission of light, especially when they are glazed to within a few inches 2.

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  • Indeed, it has been proposed to support such roofs to a great extent upon suspension principles, the internal columns of support being utilized for conducting the rain-water off the roof to underground drains or reservoirs.

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  • wide, which ran, not at the bottom of the valleys, where there were sometimes streams already, and where, in any case, erosion would have broken through their roofs, but along their slopes, through the less permeable tufa, their object being to drain the hills on each side of the valleys.

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  • sacrifices on the house roofs) and from a survey of epigraphical and other data from the Greek, Roman, and later periods, allowance being made for contamination.

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  • In the chief towns houses are built of mud bricks with flat roofs.

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  • Palm-groves, churches with bluetiled cupolas, and houses with flat roofs and view-turrets (miradores) to some extent preserve the Moorish character of the town.

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  • These dwellings are usually holes in the ground, and presumably had thatched roofs.

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  • The houses are almost all of one storey, built in the quaint style of southern Spain, with red-tile roofs, and the better ones with verandas and court gardens.

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  • Apart from the Hotel des Monneyroux (used as prefecture), a picturesque mansion of the 15th and 16th centuries, with mansard roofs and mullioned windows, Gueret has little architectural interest.

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  • Thir, the commander of the Albanians, then repaired to the citadel, gained admittance through an embrasure, and, having obtained possession of it, began to cannonade the pasha over the roofs of the intervening houses, and then descended with guns to the Ezbekia and laid close siege to the palace.

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  • The British resident, Major Missett, having represented the importance of taking Rosetta and Rahmanieh,to secure supplies for Alexandria, General Fraser, with the concurrence of the admiral, Sir John Duckworth, detached the 31st regiment and the Chasseurs Britanniques, accompanied by some field artillery under Major-General Wauchope and Brigadier-General Meade, on this service; and these troops entered Rosetta without encountering any opposition; but as soon as they had dispersed among the narrow streets, the garrison opened a deadly fire on them from the latticed windows and the roofs of the houses.

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  • Their chambers are rudely but strongly built, with dome-shaped roofs, formed by overlapping the successive courses of the upper part of the side walls.

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  • Houses built in the Italian style with terraced roofs, shadowed by luxuriant vines, and surrounded by gardens of oranges and pomegranates, give to the town a picturesque and pleasing aspect.

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  • The roofs are formed by placing slabs so that each course overlaps the lower one until the opening becomes about 5 ft.

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  • Its business edifices and residences are largely of Dutch architecture, with many storeys and steep roofs.

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  • There are no regulations in England limiting the working stresses that may safely be placed upon timber, although in some districts the least sizes that may be used for timbers in roofs and floors are specified.

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  • Dwellings require careful construction, with thick walls and roofs of non-conducting material to keep out the heat-rays, and fans and punkahs are essential for the promotion of currents of air in the inhabited rooms. Personal protection, in the shape of thick pith topees, or cork helmets, and spinal pads, is necessary in the hot months, the clothing being light and loose and not too thin.

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  • Adjoining the mainland is the native town, consisting mostly of roughly made wooden houses with well thatched roofs.

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  • In the medieval period it was used to some extent in the shape of thin sheeting for roofs, as at St Mark's, Venice; while during the 16th and 17th centuries it was largely employed for ornamental domestic vessels of various sorts.

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  • In sheets it forms the best of all coverings for roofs and even spires.

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  • The houses are of sun-dried bricks, the streets narrow and winding and for the most part roofed over, the roofs carrying upper storeys.

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  • Most of the houses, and especially those of the planter aristocracy, are massively built of stone, with large grated windows, flat roofs with heavy parapets and inner courts.

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  • The exterior is simple, but the buildings which surround the main courtyard have high-pitched roofs surmounted by numerous dormer windows with decorated gables, recalling the Flemish style of architecture.

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  • The buildings of Montevideo are chiefly of brick and broken stone, covered outside with plaster and stucco, of one to three storeys, with flat roofs, usually surmounted by a square tower, or mirador.

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  • The roofs, or azoteas, are largely used for domestic purposes, or roof gardens.

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  • Above these rise the towers of the Roman Catholic cathedral, the high curved roofs of the royal audience halls, the palace gateways, and the showy buildings of the Russian and French legations.

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  • tegere, to cover; the French equivalent is chaume), the material employed sometimes for roofs in the place of tiles or slates; it consists of wheat straw, of which several layers are required, to the depth of from 12 to 14 in., or even extending to 18 in.

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  • Thatched roofs are not now allowed in London or other towns and their vicinity, but if saturated with a solution of lime the thatch is said to be incombustible.

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  • The class of simple frames includes many of the frameworks used in the construction of roofs, lattice girders and suspension bridges; a number of examples will be found in the article BRIDGES.

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  • A praiseworthy desire to maintain the picturesqueness of the town has led most of the builders of new houses to imitate the lofty peaked gables, oriel windows and red-tiled roofs of the older dwellings.

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  • The roofs were wholly of stone, and the walls covered with sculpture.

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  • They live in round grass huts with conical roofs.

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  • In man the surface of the skull is comparatively smooth, and the brow-ridges project but little, while in the gorilla these ridges overhang the cavernous orbits like penthouse roofs.

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  • These huts are sometimes made simply of straw and are surrounded by high thorn hedges, but, in the north, square houses, built in stories, flat-roofed, the roof sometimes laid at the same slope as the hillside, and some with pitched thatched roofs, are common.

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  • The streets in the oldest part of Amsterdam are often narrow and irregular, and the sky-line is picturesquely broken by fantastic gables, roofs and towers.

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  • In the older districts there is a countless variety of narrow gloomy streets, many of them steep. The houses are mostly five or six storeys high, are covered with stucco made of a kind of pozzolana which hardens by exposure, and have large balconies and flat roofs.

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  • Among its public buildings are the government palace, the legislative and municipal hall, the "Quatro de Setembro" theatre, Misericordia hospital, public market, sanitation and public works, building, courts, police headquarters, barracks, &c. The town is characteristically Portuguese in appearance, its buildings being one or two stories in height, plastered and frequently coloured outside, with large rooms, thick walls, and tile roofs to ensure coolness.

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  • Apart from the aesthetic considerations to which has been due the construction of spires, towers, domes, high roofs, &c., the form and height of buildings have always been largely controlled by a practical consideration of their value for personal use or rental.

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  • Subsequently several buildings were erected in which the entire weight of the floors and roofs was carried by a system of metal columns placed against the inner surface of the exterior walls.

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  • A similar construction is followed for flat roofs, the grades being generally formed in the girder and beam construction, and a flat ceiling secured by hanging from them, with steel straps, a light tier of ceiling beams. The floor beams are tied laterally by rods in continuous lines placed at or above their neutral axis.

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  • These are not very striking, the high roofs of dark slate, the cross-surmounted turrets and the lofty clock-tower being the chief features.

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  • These buildings are more or less square with pyramidal roofs ornamented outside with green glazed tiles, and inside with and tophel,liar (Faust, ed.

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  • The general aspect of the town is picturesque; the streets are fairly spacious, though ill-kept and filthy; the houses are all of stone, many of them well-built and four or five storeys high, with terraced roofs and large projecting windows as in Jidda - a style of building which has not varied materially since the Toth century (Mukaddasi, p. 71), and gains in effect from the way in which the dwellings run up the sides and spurs of the mountains.

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  • CURVILINEAR, in architecture, that which is formed by curved or flowing lines; the roofs over the domes and vaults of the Byzantine churches were generally curvilinear.

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  • The houses are meanly built, partly of sun-dried and partly of burnt bricks, with flat roofs surrounded by parapets.

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  • Its general aspect is gloomy; it possesses few streets of any pretensions, though those in the old part, which are mostly narrow, present, with their grey slate roofs and green shutters, a picturesque appearance.

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  • Its general aspect is Oriental, owing to the flat roofs of its twostoreyed houses and its numerous mosques.

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  • In shape they were most frequently cylindrical, having conical roofs thatched with rushes or straw.

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  • The majority of Hova houses were formerly built of layers of the hard red soil of the country, with high-pitched roofs thatched with grass or rush; while the chiefs and wealthy people had houses of framed timber, with massive upright planking, and lofty roofs covered with shingles or tiles.

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  • The old town, with its narrow streets and numerous houses of the 16th and 17th centuries, with their high-pitched roofs, preserves much of its quaint medieval aspect.

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  • Its main features may be summed as follows: - a purely agricultural life, with the plantain, yam and manioc (the last two of American origin) as the staple food; cannibalism common; rectangular houses with ridged roofs; scar-tattooing; clothing of bark-cloth or palm-fibre; occasional chipping or extraction of upper incisors; bows with strings of cane, as the principal weapons, shields of wood or wickerwork; religion, a primitive form of fetishism with the belief that death is due to witchcraft; ordeals, secret societies, the use of masks and anthropomorphic figures, and wooden gongs.

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  • These are distinguished by circular huts with domed or conical roofs; clothing of skin or leather; occasional chipping or extraction of lower incisors; spears as the principal weapons, bows, where found, with a sinew cord, shields of hide or leather; religion, ancestor-worship with belief in the power of the magicians as rain-makers.

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  • There were people not only in the square, but everywhere--on the slopes and on the roofs.

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  • Inside chamfered ceiling beams and single and double purlins of roofs visible.

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  • A cleaner source is to use rainwater from the roofs of buildings.

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  • The prices for the thatched roofs do not include the picnic tables.

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  • However in parts of southern Ulster there remain both hipped and half-hipped roofs, although hipped roofs are in the minority.

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  • Changes in the roofs of two nursery roosts have improved the environment for the bats during the breeding season.

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  • For pitched roofs there is also the option of an in-line or traditional skylight roof flashing.

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  • Roof: slated roofs, with plain ridge tiles which may be stone or concrete; certainly the latter on the porch.

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  • Roofs: slates with yellow ceramic toothed ridge tiles.

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  • We will work with businesses and communities to install solar panels on one million roofs around our nation by 2010.

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  • I discovered them several years ago and have sadly watched their further decline as the roofs fall in and walls splay outwards.

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  • I could n't help noticing all the storks ' nests on the roofs.

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  • These sketches are intended to show geometry of roofs at various spans and pitches and not structural details.

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  • The use of traditional materials - white painted stone or stucco with gray roofs would be least intrusive.

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  • Wind suction Wind suction forces on roofs are resisted in three ways.

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  • Melbourne swamped by flash floods Perched on the roofs of their cars, they look out bewildered on a city inundated with flash floods.

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  • The roofs were thatched with heather, broom or straw.

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  • Roof: slate roofs with plain reconstituted clay ridge tiles.

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  • Roofs: tiles with red ceramic, toothed ridge tiles.

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  • The storms, many of which spawned tornadoes, ripped off roofs, smashed homes and left many without power.

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  • Synseal roofs also offer a patented turnbuckle system that is unique to conservatory roof market.

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  • Plant is located both on the roofs and principle services located in the undercroft areas.

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  • Wooden features were replaced with stone while roofs, now considered unseemly, were hidden behind a stone parapet.

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  • In large roofs, ventilation can be improved with ridge ventilators.

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  • During the latter stages of landing, it is possible for aircraft vortices to make contact with roofs of properties close to the Airport.

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  • Nos. 2 and 3 will probably be treated with the rubber compound used on the roofs of the other original four- wheelers.

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  • The roofs of woodie wagons were usual made of stretched canvas that was treated with a water proofing dressing.

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  • There are many types of roofs available.

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  • Roofs are generally divvied up into two categories: low slope and steep slope.

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  • Low-slope roofs rise up vertically four inches for each twelve inches of horizontal run.

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  • This means that steep roofs will leak unless they have a steep enough slope.

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  • Other types of roofs have a more do-it-yourself capability, but not metal roofing.

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  • Many cats manage to scale trees and roofs without complications.

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  • It is used to fuel jets and automobiles and to make roofs and roads.

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  • California is leading the way, with more buildings mandated to have solar roofs.

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  • Most panels are deep blue in color and blend well with the average brown, gray or slate of most roofs.

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  • While these small turbines can be installed on roofs, they are more usually installed on their own freestanding towers.

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  • Most people are familiar with solar panels on roofs on commercial and residential buildings.

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  • Another company called Earth Care Products has developed a peel-and-stick solar panel that fits the roofs of golf carts and powers them on a continuous basis.

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  • Living walls are a similar concept to living roofs, however they have the added benefit of being easily accessible.

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  • A Green Roof - This website from Green Living Technologies has information about green roofs as well as living walls.

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  • Well insulated walls, roofs and floors help to contain heat produced from solar energy.

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  • The amount of land needed is negligible since residential units can be installed on roofs.

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  • The leaves, or fronds, are used for the roofs of houses for native people.

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  • The scenery of Tuscany is dominated by terracotta tile roofs, fields of lavender or sunflowers, and towering cypress trees.

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  • Dome roofs are also used, especially in Greek architecture.

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  • The Spanish influence on architecture by way of Mexico certainly brings quite a bit to the design elements such as terra cotta tile flooring and terra cotta tile roofs.

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  • Victorian architecture is known for asymmetrical shapes, steep roofs, square or rounded towers, bay windows and fanciful, wrap around porches.

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  • The next time you see a coconut tree, use your imagination and think of all the tasteful treats you can make from its fruit, roofs and timber that can build shelter, and the oils that keep our skin soft.

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  • It was especially popular among noblemen and lords in medieval Europe, who relied on the bed for protection against leaking roofs and drafty houses and castles.

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  • Dog houses featuring vaulted roofs and attractive but unnecessary architectural features such as turrets usually contain a lot of wasted space above the dog's head.

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  • If you like the idea of shingled roofs and doggie windows, this could be what you're looking for.

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  • Houseleek, Hens and chicks (Sempervivum) - Succulent rock and alpine plants, of which the common Houseleek (S. tectorum), often seen on old roofs and walls, is the most familiar.

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  • Improvements made to your home will cover everything from roofs to fences.

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  • Roofs take a beating during a hurricane, and when the roof fails the home is compromised.

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  • Most of the damage experienced by homeowners in my neighborhood was due to shingles peeling off roofs leaving exposed wood, followed by heavy rains.

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  • This program is designed to be used by roofing contractors, builders, and other professionals that must figure the costs of new roofs regularly, including materials, labor, inspections and permits.

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  • When homeowners discuss metal roofs, they often are talking about standing seam metal roofing.

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  • Instead of worrying about the installation process, focus on finding a professional who has installed many roofs in your area.

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  • Vents, chimneys, hip roofs, dormers, roof valleys and other roof fixtures and configurations can create additional challenges.

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  • Examples of home repairs include new roofs, siding repairs or replacing the front steps of your home.

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  • Roofs are usually made of galvanized steel.

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  • Aluminum roofs are free standing, easy to install and can last for years.

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  • Fabric awnings and wooden roofs are two of the most frequently used covers, so why consider aluminum instead?

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  • Aluminum patio roofs have a lot to offer that other materials do not.

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  • Aluminum patio roofs are extremely durable.

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  • Aluminum roofs are typically insulated, which helps keep the area below them cooler, while the sun's rays bounce off the top.

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  • Combined with a protective coating, this helps protect most modern aluminum roofs from the danger of rust.

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  • Aluminum roofs can be constructed to stand on their own, or attached to a house or building.

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  • The European-like city has a decidedly Victorian feel and features old-fashioned cafes, red brick walkways and gable roofs.

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  • Many recreational vehicles have rubber roofs.

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  • Instead, rubber RV roofs are manufactured from Ethylene Propylene Diene Monomer (EPDM), a special type of long lasting rubber made specifically for use in roofing.

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  • As the material used to make rubber roofs for travel trailers and motor homes ages, the surface will begin to take on a chalky look and feel.

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  • With proper care, rubber RV roofs can last for as long as 20 years.

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  • Manufacturers recommend using a product specifically designed to clean rubber recreational roofs or a mild laundry detergent.

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  • Safety: Instead of struggling with unwieldy ladders, icy roofs, and poor weather, window candles are a safe alternative for putting up holiday decorations, and they can be easily monitored for safety even while burning.

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  • Additionally, keeping up with home maintenance, like fixing leaking roofs and weak stairs, can save thousands in the long run.

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  • In addition to this, the 1994 model included leather seats, dual moon roofs, and a CD player.

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  • Fold pieces of cardboard in half to create roofs.

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  • Cut out the paper roofs and put a piece of tape on each one.

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  • Soaring roofs reach toward the sky over a building in which no nails were used in the construction.

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