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roof

roof

roof Sentence Examples

  • He tapped the roof of his truck with his fingernails.

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  • It would take a lot of money to repair the roof and erase the water damage.

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  • A metal roof replaced the old shingles.

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  • Thunder exploded and then the hail started, drumming on the roof like large marbles.

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  • The crowd was evidently watching for the roof to fall in, and Alpatych watched for it too.

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  • It roared on the tin roof and plunged off the eves, where the wind caught it and drove it across the yard in horizontal sheets.

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  • Ully cursed as he moved to seek cover from the downpour.  Safe beneath his jungle roof, Toby watched him.  The brave, cheerful Ully that sat with him in Hell seemed lost in the underworld, and Toby began to suspect there was another reason their jailer, Jared, had freed them.

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  • Giovanni, dating from 1576, is famous for its rich inlaid marbles, its Brussels tapestries, its roof painted by Matteo Preti (1661-1699), the picture by Michael Angelo da Caravaggio of the beheading of John the Baptist, numerous memorials of the knights and other relics.

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  • No matter what she said, getting him back meant financial security - a roof over her head and everything that went along with it.

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  • Releasing the break, she slapped the lines on the back of the mules and clicked her tongue against the roof of her mouth.

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  • If Eden succeeded, Xander died, a fact he didn't learn for many years after she left him writhing in agony on the roof of a tavern.

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  • A swan dive off the roof sounds good right about now.

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  • A swan dive off the roof sounds good right about now.

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  • "Put your hands on the roof," Larkin demanded.

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  • She climbed onto the roof of the mansion then approached the peak.

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  • The roof was so constructed that one could stand up in the middle of the trench and could even sit up on the beds if one drew close to the table.

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  • On the roof? asked the girl.

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  • While Simonides was outside, the roof of the house caved in and killed everyone.

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  • Breathless, she reached the exit onto the roof and pushed it open, flinching at the alarm that sounded.

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  • The rain on the roof was soothing.

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  • The outside camera is virtually undetectable under a roof overhang.

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  • While you are under my roof, you will treat me with respect.

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  • Suddenly a man appeared through a hole in the roof next to the one they were on and stepped into plain view.

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  • The man had taken a step or two across the glass roof before he noticed the presence of the strangers; but then he stopped abruptly.

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  • He reached the edge of the tall roof, stepped one foot out into the air, and walked into space as calmly as if he were on firm ground.

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  • The girl, greatly astonished, ran to lean over the edge of the roof, and saw the man walking rapidly through the air toward the ground.

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  • So, with a snort and a neigh and a whisk of his short tail he trotted off the roof into the air and at once began floating downward to the street.

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  • The space underneath the roof, where they stood, permitted them to see on all sides of the tall building, and they looked with much curiosity at the city spread out beneath them.

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  • The " roods " themselves were not The simplest form is the " flat roof " consisting of horizontal wood joists laid from wall to wall as in floor construction.

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  • The roof must not be quite flat, for a slight fall is necessary in its upper surface to allow water to drain away into gutters placed at convenient points.

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  • in diameter; it has two or three niches, and a conical roof formed by the gradual inclination of the walls to the centre.

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  • or less in height and width, with the sides slightly inclined towards one another, and from 30 to 40 ft., or even more, in length; the sides are composed sometimes of slabs, sometimes of rough walling, while the roof is composed of flat slabs; and the bodies were probably disposed in a sitting position.

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  • To one of these houses which had neither doors nor windows, but only one broad opening far up underneath the roof, the prisoners were brought by their captors.

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  • The woodman stirred the fire until the flames leaped high and the sparks flew out of the roof hole.

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  • The tongue is so serviceable a member (taking all sorts of shapes, just as is wanted),--the teeth, the lips, the roof of the mouth, all ready to help, and so heap up the sound of the voice into the solid bits which we call consonants, and make room for the curiously shaped breathings which we call vowels!

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  • Quinn lit the large stove to stave off the cold as rain pounded the metal roof above us.

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  • She recalled falling asleep on the roof and knew Evelyn to be too tipsy to carry or drag her down to her room.

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  • The highway to Pagosa Springs followed the San Juan River up the pass to the top of the Rocky Mountains while side streams, arush with melting snow, ice cold to the touch, cascaded down from the roof of the sky, thousands of feet above.

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  • The broad arches allowed fresh air and the clear fiberglass roof let the sunshine in while keeping the rain out.

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  • The roof on the old house had been replaced, but the house stood empty and forlorn.

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  • Alex had given her more than a roof over her head and food.

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  • Rough cedar posts that still had remnants of limbs supported the porch roof, and an old vine rocker sat beside the door.

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  • The rain beat on the roof with a steady roar, and thunder cracked like a giant whip.

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  • The roof on the old house had been replaced, but the house stood empty and forlorn.

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  • Knocked the roof and ceiling all to splinters!

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  • Bill said one of the limbs of the tree had gone through the roof over Carmen's bedroom – all the way down and punctured her mattress.

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  • These vary in form, but essentially they consist of a stem of porcelain, coarse earthenware, glass or other non-conducting substance, protected by an overhanging roof or screen.

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  • Maybe it was the near-inaudible buzz or the rain on the roof, or my imagination, by I actually napped, for about twenty minutes.

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  • The rain drummed wildly on the roof.

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  • You're living under the same roof.

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  • Now, if I was trying to hide my identity, the last thing I would want her to do would be to file a police report while she was living under my roof.

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  • Thunder rattled the windowpane and hail pounded on the roof.

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  • He couldn't forget the energy of the bond that tore through when he held her on the roof.

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  • She refused to send him to school or to go to work, determined to figure out what insanity was going on under her roof.

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  • He hadn.t eaten in too long, and to have his mate so close … Rhyn took the stairs two at a time until he reached the roof.

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  • Rather than join them, she paced the hall before following it to its end and ascending to the roof.

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  • He made an audible crunch when he jumped onto the snowy roof.

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  • Last night, on the roof.

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  • She's a whiz on a roof.

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  • The sun reflected across several large dents in the hood and roof.

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  • She led him into the tavern and up a narrow stone stairwell that went to the roof.

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  • They went to the edge of the stone roof.

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  • She strode to the edge of the roof.

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  • His eyes went to Xander, who writhed in pain on the other side of the roof.

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  • In her son's lifetime she had, for his sake, condoned the mesalliance, but it was impossible for the stately chatelaine and her low-born daughterin-law to live in peace under the same roof.

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  • In English churches these stairs generally run up in a small turret in the wall at the west end of the chancel; often this also leads out on to the roof.

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  • Chimneys are unknown in the older houses; the hearth is in the centre of the chief room, and the smoke escapes through the roof.

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  • The aquarium, the property of the corporation, contains an excellent marine collection, but is also used as a concert hall and winter garden, and a garden is laid out on its roof.

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  • Where the face of the warehouse is sufficiently close to the water to permit of the crane rope plumbing the hatches without requiring a jib of excessive radius, it is a very convenient plan to place the whole crane on the warehouse roof.

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  • High plateaus like that of Pamir (the " Roof of the World ") and Armenia, and lofty mountain chains like the snow-clad Caucasus, the Alai, the Tian-shan, the Sayan Mountains, exist only on the outskirts of the empire.

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  • wide at large ones - and they should be as free as possible from obstructions, such as pillars supporting the roof.

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  • At intermediate stations the roofs are often carried on brackets fixed to the walls of the station buildings, and project only to the edge of the platforms. At larger stations where both the platforms and the tracks are covered in, there are two broad types of construction, with many intermediate variations: the roof may either be comparatively low, of the " ridge and furrow " pattern, borne on a number of rows of pillars, or it may consist of a single lofty span extending clear across the area from the side walls.

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  • away from the edges of the platforms. On the other hand, wide spans are more expensive both in first cost and in maintenance, and there is the possibility of a failure such as caused the collapse in December 1905 of the roof of Charing Cross (S.E.R.) station, London, which then consisted of a single span.

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  • Whatever the pattern adopted for the roof, a sufficient portion of it must be glazed to admit light, and it should be so designed that the ironwork can be easily inspected and painted and the glass readily cleaned.

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  • A considerable amount of standing room is then available, and those who have to occupy it have been nicknamed " straphangers," from the fact that they steady themselves against the motion of the train by the aid of leather straps fixed from the roof for that purpose.

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  • A trench was first excavated to the proper depth, then the side walls and arched roof of brick were put in place, earth was filled in behind and over the arch, and the surface of the ground restored, either by paving where streets were followed, or by actually being built over with houses where the lines passed under private property.

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  • Where the depth to rail-level was too great for cut-and-cover methods, ordinary tunnelling processes were used; and where the trench was too shallow for the arched roof, heavy girders, sometimes of cast iron, bridged it between the side walls, longitudinal.

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  • In 1893 the construction was completed in Budapest of an underground railway with a thin, flat roof, consisting of steel beams set close together, with small longitudinal jack arches between them, the street pavement .

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  • resting directly on the roof thus formed (fig.

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  • The third type is the intermediate one between those two, followed by the Metropolitan and Metropolitan District railways, in London, where the railway has an arched roof, built usually at a sufficient distance below the surface of the street to permit the other subsurface structures to lie in the ground above the crown of the arch, and where the station platforms are from 20 to 30 ft.

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  • The result of deliberation, aided by the advice and experience of Lord Eliot, was that it was almost immediately decided to fix Gibbon for some years abroad under the roof of M.

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  • Maria in Porto near the ancient harbour (1096 sqq.), a basilica with open roof, with frescoes by masters of the Rimini school, may be noticed.

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  • Thus the cathedral was built except the roof.

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  • Attached to it is the great hall, capable of accommodating l000 men, with an open roof of fine dark oak, the only remaining portion of the castle that was erected by Archibald Douglas, earl of Moray, in 1450.

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  • The church, however, was almost wholly reconstructed in the Perpendicular period, and is a fine example of that style, the interior gaining in beauty from the scheme of colour-decoration in the choir, while the magnificent stone-vaulted roof with fan tracery, extending throughout the church, excepting the south transept, is unsurpassed.

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  • The child was now taken out to walk on the roof of the Tower.

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  • The Yarn Market, a picturesque octagonal building with deep sloping roof, in the main street, dates from c. 1600, and is a memorial of Dunster's former important manufacture of cloth.

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  • The dome-shaped roof is supported by twenty arches.

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  • The chancel of the church at Repton is assigned to the second half of the 10th century, though subsequently altered, and the crypt beneath is supposed to be earlier still; its roof is supported by four round pillars, and it is approached by two stairways.

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  • The gill-lamellae of Patella are processes of the mantle comparable with the plait-like folds often observed on the roof of the branchial chamber in other Gastropoda (e.g.

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  • 20, will serve to exhibit the disposition of viscera which prevails in the group. The branchial chamber formed by the mantle-skirt overhanging the head has been exposed by cutting along a line extending backward from the letters vd to the base of the columella muscle mc, and the whole roof of the chamber thus detached from the right side of the animal's neck has been thrown over to the left, showing the organs which lie upon the roof.

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  • It corresponds to the right of the two primitive ctenidia in the untwisted archaic condition of the molluscan body, and does not project freely into the branchial cavity, but its axis is attached (by concrescence) to the mantle-skirt (roof of the branchial chamber).

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  • skirt forming the roof of the d, Cephalic tentacle.

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  • All exto the roof of the branchial tinct.

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  • The Mandaean places of worship, being designed only for the priests and their assistants (the worshippers remaining in the forecourt), are excessively small, and very simply furnished; two windows, a door that opens towards the south so that those who enter have their faces turned towards the pole star, a few boards in the corner, and a gabled roof complete the whole structure; there is neither altar nor decoration of any kind.

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  • of the families Belo- stomatidae, Nepidae, Corixidae and Hydrometridae have a pulsating sac at each knee-joint to assist the flow of blood through the legs, while in dragon-flies and locusts (Acridazdae) there is a ventral pulsating dia phragm, which forms the roof of a sinus enclosing the nerve-cords.

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  • Parker in the Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society, Journal asiatique, Revue numismatique, Asiatic Quarterly, &c. (C. EL.) EPI, the French architectural term for a light finial, generally of metal, but sometimes of terra-cotta, e forming the termination of a spire or the angle of a roof.

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  • The ordinary Venetian house was built round a courtyard, and was one storey high; on the roof was an open loggia for drying clothes; in front, between the house and the water, ran the fondamenta.

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  • The church is without aisles, and has a semicircular roof, and the choir is raised twelve steps above the floor of the nave.

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  • covered with sand, the eggs being stuck to this roof.

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  • The delicately carved convex roof, composed of a single block, was surmounted by the tripod.

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  • The whole building was covered with a cedar roof.

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  • But the more impetuous members of the aristocratic party climbed on to the roof, stripped off the tiles, and stoned Saturninus and many others to death.

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  • The roof is sometimes ® ?, ?

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  • Both the roof and the walls are almost universally coated with stucco and covered with fresco paintings - in the earlier works merely decorative, in the later always symbolical or historical.

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  • (From Bosio.) character of the frescoes which ornament the walls and roof.

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  • This is now covered with a roof, and the fallen columns have been raised up. The lower FIG.

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  • From it the native draws lumber for his hut, utensils for his kitchen, thatch for his roof, medicines, preserved delicacies, and a long list of other articles.

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  • Its vaulted roof is a fine specimen of Saracenic brickwork.

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  • The fact of the inclusion of his statue in the temple of Jupiter Capitolinus; the hole cut in the temple roof so that he might be worshipped in the open air as being, like Jupiter, a god of 1 Agathocles was a native of Thermae.

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  • The term is also used generally of a supporting frame or structure, especially in the construction of a roof or a bridge.

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  • It forms gigantic deposits of almost constant thickness, embedded between a floor of limestone and a roof of porphyry.

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  • fixed roof and a movable iron hearth (test).

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  • The separate existence of Aimer, who refused to sleep under a roof, and spent his whole life in warring against the infidel, is proved.

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  • r B A B C must cause a depression of the floor of the pericardium and a rising of the roof of the ventral blood sinus, and a consequent increase of volume and flow of blood to each.

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  • The second group represents, first, the birth of Mithras; then the god nude, cutting fruit and leaves from a fig-tree in which is the bust of a deity, and before which one of the winds is blowing upon Mithras; the god discharging an arrow against a rock from which springs a fountain whose water a figure is kneeling to receive in his palms; the bull in a small boat, near which again occurs the figure of the animal under a roof about to be set on fire by two figures; the bull in flight, with Mithras in pursuit; Mithras bearing the bull on his shoulders; Helios kneeling before Mithras; Helios and Mithras clasping hands over an altar; Mithras with drawn bow on a running horse; Mithras and Helios banqueting; Mithras and Helios mounting the chariot of the latter and rising in full course over the ocean.

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  • The great hall, with its fine open-timbered oak roof, is adorned with a splendid stained-glass window and several statues of notable men, including one (by Louis Francois Roubiliac) of Duncan Forbes of Culloden, lord president of the court of session (1685-1747), and now forms the ante-room for lawyers and their clients.

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  • The Golden Chapel on the south side is rich late Perpendicular, with a roof of fan-tracery, showing signs of the original decoration in colours.

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  • In the north portico a square hole in the floor, with a corresponding hole in the roof above it, must have given access to another sacred object, the mark of Poseidon's trident in the rock.

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  • During the siege of the Acropolis in 1827, the roof of the north portico was thrown down and the building was otherwise much damaged.

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  • Arrived at the place of burial, the body was set in a square pit with spears marking out its sides and a roof of matting.

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  • The roof is supported on wooden pillars and walls are provided only at the sides.

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  • The parish church of St Mary is Perpendicular, with a fine carved roof of the 17th century.

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  • The surface tramway system of London cannot be complete, as, within an area roughly represented by the boroughs of Chelsea, Kensington and Fulham, the city of Westminster and a considerable district north thereof, and the city of London, the ' Charing Cross station was the scene of a remarkable catastrophe on the 5th of December 1905, when a large part of the roof collapsed, and the falling debris did very serious damage to the Avenue theatre, which stands close to the station at a lower level.

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  • The Tower was injured, and a portion of the roof of the church of St Mary-leBow, Cheapside, was carried off and fell some distance away, being forced into the ground as much as 20 ft., a proof of the badness of the thoroughfares as well as of the force of the wind.

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  • In 1561 St Paul's steeple and roof were destroyed by lightning, and the spire was never replaced.

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  • 40 mineral, and by the possibility of supporting the roof long enough to permit the excavation of the mineral without unnecessary risk or expense.

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  • While it is always desirable to provide large working-places, the size of the working-place is limited by the thickness and Size of strength of the overlying beds forming the roof Working- or hanging wall of the mine.

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  • With weak and thin beds forming the roof the working-places are often not wider than 20 or 3 o ft.

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  • While the width of the working-place is thus limited by the strength of the roof, its length is determined by other considerations - namely, the rapidity with which the mining work can be conducted and the length of time it is practicable to keep the working-place open, and also by the increased difficulty of handling the minerals sometimes experienced when the workings reach undue length.

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  • In long-wall and in the work of mining pillars the roof will be supported on one side only, the overhanging beds acting as cantilevers.

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  • The working-place in such case is considerably narrower than in rooms or stopes, and there is also greater difficulty in supporting the roof because the projecting beds tend to break close to the point of support where the strain is greatest.

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  • This tendency is overcome by the use of timber supports so disposed as to ensure the breaking of the overhanging roof at a safe distance from the workingface and prevent the interruption of the work that might otherwise result.

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  • 4 is a portion of a mine which consists of a series of irregular chambers with the roof supported on small pillars left at intervals for the purpose.

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  • In deep mines the pillars may furnish the bulk of the product, and the control of the fall of the roof, so as to permit the successful extraction of the mineral, demands a well-schemed plan of operation.

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  • When the roof is weak, or when it is undesirable to leave so much ore in the stopes, false stulls are sometimes erected in the upper part of the stope.

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  • The method is then practicable and safe only with exceptionally strong mineral and roof.

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  • In this the stoping contracts run vertically, the roof in the working-places, and later to control the fall of the roof while the pillars are mined.

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  • More effective support and control of the roof may be secured by the use of rock-filling alone or with timber.

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  • If rock-filling must be brought from the surface its use will generally be confined to mines in which it is difficult to support the roof in any other way.

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  • In this method of mining no pillars need be left under the levels, as the rock-filling gives sufficient support to the roof.

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  • This mat of timber forms a roof under the protection of which the mining of the ore proceeds downward floor by floor.

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  • These separate areas are then mined in small rooms, each room being timbered as in mining under a weak roof rock.

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  • wide for a length of zoo ft., throwing men and mine cars violently against the roof and producing an air-wave which smashed the mine doors in the vicinity.

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  • At Wheal Cock near St Just in Cornwall the protecting roof was so thin that holes bored for blasting more than once penetrated to the bed of the ocean, and wooden plugs were kept on hand to drive into such holes when this occurred.

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  • til finally When this occurs, strained pillars begin to crack and splinter with a noise like musketry firing, and the roof of the mine shows signs of subsidence.

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  • At first a fall of the roof occurs locally, here and there throughout the mine, and these falls may succeed one another until the settlement of portions of the roof has so far relieved the strain that the remaining areas are supported by the stronger pillars, and by the fallen rock masses.

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  • Above is a graceful balustrade behind which is a lofty roof, and at the angles are towers perforated for the passage of the light.

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  • Planted against a wall or a building having a south aspect, or trained over a sunny roof, such sorts as the Black Cluster, Black Prince, Pitmaston White Cluster, Royal Muscadine, Sweetwater, &c., will ripen in the warmest English summers so as to be very pleasant eating; but in cold summers the fruit is not eatable in the raw state, and can only be converted into wine or vinegar.

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  • high from floor to roof, and 133 ft.

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  • The dome of the shrine is plated with gold, and within the walls and roof are covered with polished silver, glass and coloured tiles.

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  • The timber-work of the roof of Cordova cathedral, built eleven centuries ago, is composed of it.

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  • In addition to the museum of plaster casts, the Antiquarium (a collection of Egyptian, Greek and Roman antiquities under the roof of the new Pinakothek) and the Maillinger collection, connected with the historical museum, Munich also contains several private galleries.

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  • The Palazzo della Ragione, with its great hall on the upper floor, is reputed to have the largest roof unsupported by columns in Europe; the hall is nearly rectangular, its length 2672 ft., its breadth 89 ft., and its height 78 ft.; the walls are covered with symbolical paintings in fresco; the building stands upon arches, and the upper storey is surrounded by an open loggia, not unlike that which surrounds the basilica of Vicenza; the Palazzo was begun in 1172 and finished in 1219; in 1306 Fra Giovanni, an Augustinian friar, covered the whole with one roof; originally there were three roofs, spanning the three chambers into which the hall was at first divided; the internal partition walls remained till the fire of 1420, when the Venetian architects who undertook the restoration removed them, throwing all three compartments into one and forming the present great hall.

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  • The roof and walls are covered with arabesques, and the legend El-Mulk Lillah, " the kingdom is God's," is repeated again and again.

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  • Delicate lacework extends from the spring of the arches to the roof.

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  • The roof, which is especially magnificent, is the finest example of a class which as a rule is only found in Venetia or in churches built by Venetian architects in Istria and other subject provinces: the framing is concealed by coving or barrel-vaulting in wood, the surface of which is divided into small square panels, all painted and gilt, giving a very rich effect.

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  • A simpler roof of the same class exists at S.

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  • On the 15th of August 1867 the tower and roof were destroyed by fire and considerable damage was done to the rest of the edifice.

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  • The cui-ious expedient of spiriting away the roof of any building of which the artist wished to show the interior was one of the most remarkable of these.

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  • The roof was thatched, and perhaps had a gable at each end with a hole to allow the smoke of the wood fire to escape.

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  • Tiles thenceforth became the orthodox covering for a roof, hut vermilion, being regarded as a religious color, found no favor in private dwellings.

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  • Corridors joined the principal hall to the subordinate edifices, for as yet the idea had not been conceived of having more than one chamber under the same roof.

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  • A very important feature of the faade is the portico or porch-way, which covers the principal steps and is generally formed by producing the central portion of the main roof over the steps and supporting such projection upon isolated wooden pillars braced together near the top with horizontal ties, carved, moulded and otherwise fantastically decorated.

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  • The forms of roof are various, but mostly they commence in a steep slope at the top, gradually flattening towards the eaves so as to produce a slightly concave appearance, this concavity being rendered more emphatic by the tilt which is given to the eaves at the four corners.

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  • The appearance of the ends of the roof is half hip, half gable.

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  • When the temple is of very large dimensions an interior peristyle of pillars is introduced tc assist in supporting the roof, and in such cases each pillar carrim profuse bracketing corresponding to that of the cornice.

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  • Ths construction of the framework of the Japanese roof is such that thc weights all act vertically; there is no thrust on the outer walls and every available point of the interior is used as a means of support.

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  • They are enlarged replicas of the primeval wooden hut described above, having rafters with their upper ends crossed; thatched or shingled roof; boarded floors, and logs laid on the roof-ridge at right angles for the purpose of binding the ridge and the rafters firmly together.

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  • A thatched roof is imperative in the orthodox shrine, but in modern days tiles or sheets of copper are sometimes substituted.

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  • The summit of Slieve Gullion is crowned by a large cairn, which forms the roof of a singular cavern of artificial construction, probably an early burial-place.

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  • It had a fine Gothic façade: the interior had mosaics in the apses dating from 1330, and the nave contained 26 granite columns, said to have been brought from a temple of Poseidon near Faro, and had a fine wooden roof of 1260.

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  • It contains four Roman Catholic churches, among which is that of St Peter and St Paul, with a vaulted roof loo ft.

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  • Thegroinedvaulting of the roof is visible in the choir and the right transept, while the rest of the church has a wooden roof.

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  • de Maupertuis, who died under his roof while on his way to Berlin.

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  • The principal street runs from the south or Kandahar gate to the market in front of the citadel, and is covered in with a vaulted roof through its entire length, the shops and buildings of this bazaar being much superior to those of the other streets, and the merchants' caravanserais, several of which are spacious and well built, all opening out on this great thoroughfare.

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  • The roof of the " Monmouth's " fore 6-in.

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  • Its roof is a single flat stratum of limestone; its walls are well marked by lines of stratification; dripstone also partly covers the walls, fills a deep fissure at the end of the cave, and spreads over the floor, where it mingles with an ancient bed of ashes, forming an ash-breccia (mostly firm and solid) that encloses fragments of sandstone, flint spalls, flint implements, charcoal and bones.

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  • The length of the opening is over 21 metres; its depth 14 metres, and the height of roof above the undisturbed ash deposit varied from 1 m.

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  • These pillars are left for the support of the roof as the workings advance, so as to keep the mine open and free from waste.

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  • A coal seam with a soft pavement and a hard roof is the most subject to a " creep."

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  • " Sits " are the reverse of creeps; in the one case the pavement is forced up, and in the other the roof is forced or falls down, for want of proper support or tenacity in itself.

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  • The roof is temporarily supported by wooden props or pack walling of stone, for a sufficient breadth along the face to protect the workmen, and allow them to work together behind.

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  • The roads for drawing the coal from the working faces to the shaft are kept open by walling through the waste or goaf produced by the fall of the unsupported roof.

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  • Long-wall work is best suited for thin coals, and those having a good roof, i.e.

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  • The working of very thick seams presents certain special peculiarities, owing to the difficulties of supporting the roof in the excavated portions, and supplying fresh air to the workings.

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  • About onehalf of the total coal (or less) is obtained in the first working; the roof is then allowed to fall, and when the gob is sufficiently consolidated, fresh roads are driven through it to obtain the ribs and pillars left behind by a second or even, in some cases, a third, _!?/i _ ?

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  • The lower half is then taken in the same manner, after the fallen roof has become sufficiently consolidated to allow the mine to be re-opened.

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  • A level is driven in a sandstone forming the floor, along the course of the coal, into which communications are made by cross cuts at intervals of 16 yds., which are driven across to the roof, dividing up the area to be worked into panels.

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  • of the upper part, known as the roof coal, not being worth working, is left behind.

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  • The roof of the excavation is supported as the coal is removed, by packing up the waste material, and by a double row of props, 2 ft.

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  • As the work proceeds onwards, the props are withdrawn and replaced in advance, except those that may be crushed by the pressure or buried by sudden falls of the roof.

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  • In securing the roof and sides of coal workings, malleable iron and steel are now used to some extent instead of timber, although the consumption of the latter material is extremely large.

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  • In large levels only the cap pieces for the roof are made of steel joists, but in smaller ones complete arches made of pieces of rails fish-jointed at the crown are used.

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  • When the coal has been under-cut for a sufficient length, the struts are withdrawn, and the overhanging mass is allowed to fall during the time that the workmen are out of the pit, or it may be brought down by driving wedges, or if it be of a compact character a blast in a borehole near the roof may be required.

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  • The carrying frame, while the work is going on, is fixed in position by jackscrews bearing against the roof of the seam, which, when the cut is completed, are withdrawn, and the machine shifted laterally through a distance equal to the breadth of the cut and fixed in position again.

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  • The tail rope, which is of lighter section than the main one, is coiled on the second drum, passes over similar guide sheaves placed near the roof or side of the gallery round a pulley at the bottom of the plane, and is fixed to the end of the train or set of tubs.

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  • It is customary to have a curved sheet iron roof or bonnet when the cage is used for raising or lowering the miners, to protect them from injury by falling materials.

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  • On the roof of the temple, reached by two staircases, are a pavilion and several chambers dedicated to the worship of Osiris.

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  • The zodiacs of the temple of Dendera gave rise to a considerable literature before their late origin was established by Champollion in 1822: one of them, from a chamber on the roof, was removed in 1820 to the Bibliotheque Nationale in Paris.

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  • He received the rudiments of an excellent education at a free school in Dublin, and afterwards spent a year or two (1751-1752) under his father's roof at Skeyton rectory, Norfolk, and elsewhere, and for a short time he had Gibbon as a fellow-pupil.

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  • It is mainly Early English, and a fine example of the style; but some of the windows including the nave clerestory, and the beautiful carved wooden roof, are Perpendicular.

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  • It not unfrequently happens that some of the larger houses have one or more partitions, but these are only posts of the main building left by the builders to support the roof, for the apartments have usually no communication with each other except by water.

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  • After the examination he assigned the case to the proper court, and presided over it during the trial, which took place in the open air, that the judges and the accuser might not be polluted by being brought under the same roof with the offender (Ant.

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  • The foundations were laid in 1573, the walls were completed in 1615, the roof was finished in 1623, its consecration took place in 1645 and its dedication in 1667, the towers were completed in 1191, and the great church was finished about 1811.

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  • The vaulted roof is supported by twenty Doric columns, 180 ft.

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  • Just outside the borders of the park, beyond the Ilm, is the "garden house," a simple wooden cottage with a high-pitched roof, in which Goethe used to pass the greater part of the summer.

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  • The Dar-el-Bey contains numerous rooms beautifully decorated in the Moorish style of the 18th century; and the judgment hall has a domed roof adorned with the delicate arabesque plaster-work known as Nuksh hadida.

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  • Its great length (460 ft.) and the height and steepness of its vaulted cedar-wood roof (1538) are very impressive.

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  • The well-preserved amphitheatre, the subterranean parts of which below the arena are intact, with a main passage down the centre, a curved passage all round with holes for trap doors in its roof, and numerous small chambers, also with trap doors in their vaulted roofs for admitting the wild beasts, whose cages were on the other side of the curved passage, to the arena, are especially interesting.

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  • It is claimed that the first production in the United States of finished cotton cloths under one roof and under the factory system was not at Waltham in 1816, but at Clinton in 1813; neither place was the first to spin by power, nor the first to produce finished cloths without the factory system.

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  • The present church of St Mary is in various styles, with a lofty tower and spire and carved timber roof.

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  • On either side of it staircases constructed within columns lead to the roof.

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  • In large halls the words of a speaker are echoed or reflected from flat walls or roof or floor; and these reflected sounds follow the direct sounds at such an interval that syllables and words overlap, to the confusion of the speech and the annoyance of the audience.

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  • He was in this city at the time of the massacre of St Bartholomew at Paris, and lived concealed for seven months in a public-house, the aged master of which, in reward for his charity to a heretic, was thrown from the roof.

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  • The dissipation of the dissolved carbon dioxide results in the formation of "fur" in kettles or boilers, and if the solution is falling, as from the roof of a cave, in the formation of stalactites and stalagmites.

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  • The roof was supported in the centre by a massive square pillar (E.

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  • It contains a "hall of a thousand pillars," one of numerous such halls in India, the exact number of pillars in this case being 984; each is a block of solid granite, and the roof of the principal temple is of copper-gilt.

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  • porticus) given to a building, the roof of which is supported by one or more rows of columns, the stoai at Elis described by Pausanias being important examples.

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  • The nave is of ornate Norman work, with a massive triforium, surmounted by a Perpendicular clerestory and a beautiful wooden roof.

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  • It is difficult to explain this phrasing in any other hypothesis than that Layamon pictured to himself Arthur's hall as open on one side, and that, on a great feast-day, owing to the number of guests, the table extended beyond the covering afforded by the roof.

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  • - Pleurodont; tongue short, villose, scarcely protractile, feebly nicked at the tip. With osteoderms at least upon the skull, where they roof in the temporal region.

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  • charlatans and hypocrites who were gathered under the same roof.

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  • In Swanston Street there is a large building where under one roof are found the public library of over ioo,000 volumes, the museum of sculpture, the art gallery, and the museums of ethnology and technology.

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  • It is related that Nezahualcoyotl, the poet-king of Tezcuco, built a ninestoried temple with a starry roof above, in honour of the invisible deity called Tloquenahuaque, " he who is all in himself," or Ipalnemoani, " he by whom we live," who had no image, and was propitiated, not by bloody sacrifices, but by incense and flowers.

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  • high, built of rubble stone and mortar faced with square blocks of stone, the interior of the chambers rising into a sloping roof formed by courses of stonework gradually overlapping in a " false arch."

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  • The mansion is quadrangular, and has a fine court, chapel and hall (c. 1341) with open timber roof and a minstrels' gallery.

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  • Its most noteworthy feature is the fine original roof of oak.

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  • There are some 15thand 16th-century brasses, a dark cradle roof, and an early 13th-century crypt under the chancel.

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  • The tomb of William I., the founder's father - a magnificent porphyry sarcophagus contemporary with the church, under a marble pillared canopy - and the founder William II.'s tomb, erected in 1575, were both shattered by a fire, which in 1811 broke out in the choir, injuring some of the mosaics, and destroying all the fine walnut choir-fittings, the organs, and most of the choir roof.

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  • square, surmounted by a lofty pyramidal roof, and the kitchen court; to the west, the butteries, pantries, &c. The infirmary had a small kitchen of its own.

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  • Consisting of a chancel, clerestoried nave, and aisles, it is Early English and Perpendicular in style, and contains a beautiful 13th-century oak roof of 350 panels, each with a different design; a 15th-century pulpit of carved stone; and some interesting old monuments of the Strode, Mallet and Gournay families.

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  • Into the whole length of the urethra mucous glands (glands of Littre) open, and in the roof of 1 Figs.

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  • 1659) and is a good example of the Scottish Baronial mansion with high-pitched roof and turreted angles.

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  • The exchange, the chamber of commerce and the clearing-house (one of the oldest in the world, dating from 1764) are united under one roof in the Palazzo del Commercio, opened in 1907.

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  • square, with a stone roof, forming one of the most beautiful palace-halls in the world.

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  • Within are an ancient font, a canopied piscina, and a fine timber roof over the nave and aisles.

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  • The former, as one enters from the pathway along the sides of the cliff, have a broad verandah, its roof supported by pillars, and giving towards the interior on to a hall averaging in size about 35 ft.

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  • The number of dormitories varies according to the size of the hall, and in the larger ones pillars support the roof on all three sides, forming a sort of cloister running round the hall.

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  • Hitherto he had maintained a large establishment, not on the princely scale of Wolsey, but in the patriarchal fashion of having all his sons-in-law, with their families, under his roof.

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  • The church of Nuestra Senora de Guadalupe (modernized with a shingle roof and a wooden steeple) contains interesting paintings and antique wood-carvings.

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  • After their deaths he lived for some time at Caen under the roof of Nicolas Foucault (1643-1721), the intendant of Caen, himself no mean archaeologist; and there he began the publication (12 vols., 1704-1717) of Les mille et une nuits, which excited immense interest during the time of its appearance, and is still the standard French translation.

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  • high, whose flat roof is a vast homogeneous limestone block.

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  • wide; two rows of Corinthian columns ran down the middle, and the clerestory roof may have stood 50 ft.

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  • The roof was highpitched and covered with straw, hay, reeds or tiles.

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  • The windows must have been mere openings in the walls or roof, for glass was not used for this purpose before the latter part of the 7th century.

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  • This baldachin, called liturgically the ciborium, is sometimes hung from the roof by chains in such a way that it can be lowered or raised; sometimes it is fixed to the wall or reredos; sometimes it is a solid structure of wood covered with metal or of marble supported on four columns.

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  • There are several ancient churches and convents, in one of which the interior of the chancel roof is inlaid with mother-of-pearl.

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  • 8, Megaron, with roof supported on four columns, and the circular hearth in the r8, middle.

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  • This court was surrounded by wooden columns supporting a roof, like a medieval cloister; on the south side are chambers for attendants (BaXaµoc).

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  • Four columns supported the roof, the central part of which probably rose above the rest like a medieval "lantern."

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  • D, Gallery, with roof formed of projecting courses of stone in large blocks.

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  • H, Probable roof of the colonnade of wood, covered with beaten clay.

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  • This supported a flat roof and was open to the inside of the fortress.

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  • The great general houses such as Rylands's, Philips's and Watt's in Manchester, and Cook's and Pawson's in London, some of which are manufacturers to a minor degree, continue to flourish because under one roof they can supply all that the draper requires, and so enable him to economize in the time spent in buying and to save himself the trouble of attending to many accounts.

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  • Forty columns support the roof, but no two are alike, and great fertility of invention is manifested in the execution of the ornaments.

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  • She assented on condition that the divorce could be lawfully effected without impeachment of her son's legitimacy; whereupon Lethington undertook in the name of all present that she should be rid of her husband without any prejudice to the child - at whose baptism a few days afterwards Bothwell took the place of the putative father, though Darnley was actually residing under the same roof, and it was not till after the ceremony that he was suddenly struck down by a sickness so violent as to excite suspicions of poison.

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  • The roof is supported by fifty-two pillars with canopied niches for statues instead of capitals; the great windows of the choir, reputed to be the largest in the world, are filled with stained glass of 1844.

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  • The roof of the cathedral is built of blocks of marble, and the various levels are reached by staircases carried up the buttresses; it is ornamented with a profusion of turrets, pinnacles and statues, of which last there are said to be no fewer than 4440, of very various styles and periods.

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  • In some churches, during the middle ages, an image of Christ was raised from the altar through a hole in the roof, through which a burning straw figure representing Satan was immediately thrown down.

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  • These were, however, ill adapted for the growth of plants, as they consisted of little else than a huge chamber of masonry, having large windows in front, with the roof invariably opaque.

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  • The glass roof is commonly designed so as to form a uniform plane or slope from back to front in lean-to houses (fig.

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  • Indeed, it has been proposed to support such roofs to a great extent upon suspension principles, the internal columns of support being utilized for conducting the rain-water off the roof to underground drains or reservoirs.

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  • Some very pleasing examples are to be met with which have the form of a parallelogram with a lightly rounded roof; others of appropriate character are square or nearly so, with a ridge-and-furrow roof.

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  • The best form is the spanroofed, a single span being better even than a series of spans such as form the ridge-and-furrow roof.

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  • The side walls are surmounted by short upright sashes which open outwards by machinery a, and the roof is provided with sliding upper sashes for top ventilation.

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  • Except where space does not permit a span-roofed building to be introduced, a lean-to is not to be recommended; but a house of this class may often be greatly improved by adopting a half-span or hipped roof - that is, one with a short slope behind and a longer in front.

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  • 4) that along the ridge of the roof a raised portion or lantern light b, b is introduced, which permits of the fixing of two continuous ventilators, one along each side, for the egress of heated and foul air, openings a, a being also provided in the side walls opposite the hot-water pipes for the admission of pure cold air.

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  • When forming part of a range a vinery would in most cases be a lean-to structure, with a sharp pitch (45°-50°) if intended for early forcing, and a flatter roof (40°) with longer rafters if designed for the main and late crops.

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  • In this house the principal part of the roof is a fixture, ventilation being provided for by small lifting sashes against the back wall, and by the upright front sashes being hung on a pivot so as to swing outwards on the lower side.

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  • hot-water pipes, which would perhaps be best placed if all laid side by side, while the vines are planted in front and trained upwards under the roof.

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  • A second set of vines may be planted against the back wall, and will thrive there until the shade of the roof becomes too dense.

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  • 7), the most elegant and ornamental form, is especially adapted for isolated positions; indeed, no other form affords so much roof space for the development of the vines.

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  • There are no upright front sashes, but to facilitate ventilation there are ventilators d in the front wall, and the upper roof sashes are made to move up to FIG.

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  • They would also be better carried up nearly parallel to the roof, and at about i ft.

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  • In some places movable greenhouses have been erected for market purposes, so that the soil may be exposed to the sweetening effect of the weather, when the glass roof is moved to an adjoining patch.

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  • be an inner roof or ceil-?

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  • ing d, the space between, ° 5 '9 which and the outer roof e should be packed with sawdust.

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  • A type of building which is becoming increasingly popular for this purpose, and which is in many respects superior to the older, and often more expensive structures, is built of wood, with or without brick foundations, and is thickly thatched with reeds or other non-conducting material externally - on walls and roof - while the interior is matchboarded.

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  • Both blocks and baskets are usually suspended from the roof of the house, hanging free, so that no accumulation of water is possible.

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  • The reason why the slag is not heated effectively is that the heat is developed only in the layer of metal itself, by its resistance to the induced current, and hence the only heat which the slag receives is that supplied to its lower surface by the metal, while its upper side is constantly radiating heat away towards the relatively cool roof above.

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  • N, Pipes through which the pro G, The suspended roof.

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  • It is to make it wide enough to receive such long billets that its roof is suspended, as here shown, by two sets of iron tie-rods.

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  • It is an irregular building in Gothic style, with a high pointed roof, and flanked by four towers of unequal dimensions.

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  • 2) the ram A has an annular area so proportioned that when it is connected with the water in an elevated tank (usually placed somewhere in the roof of the building), the hydraulic pressure upon it just balances the weight of the ram and cage.

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  • It was therefore decided to restore the columns and part of the wall, and to roof over the whole area.

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  • It is related that he ordered the architect Dinochares to build a temple in her honour in Alexandria; in order that her statue, made of iron, might appear to be suspended in the air, the roof was to consist of an arch of loadstones (Pliny, Hist.

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  • The church was originally founded in 836 by Louis the Pious, but the present Romanesque building was completed in 1208, the Gothic vaulted roof dating from 1498.

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  • The court which forms the entrance to the shrine of the saint is richly adorned with tiles and plaster-work, and is surrounded by an arcade of white marble columns, supporting a painted wooden roof.

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  • It would seem that a full half of Johnson's life during about sixteen years was passed under the roof of the Thrales.

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  • wide, with a seating capacity of about 15,000, is covered by a steel-frame roof without a column for its support; the exterior of the walls is cut stone and brick.

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  • Sometimes it is a loosely-fitting shutter or windowframe, a hanging drawer-handle, or a lamp-shade which will rattle; the timbers in a roof may creak, or a group of wine-glasses with their rims in contact may chatter.

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  • The posterior nares or choanae open far behind in the roof of the mouth, in recent forms within the pterygoids.

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  • Alongside these fanciful conceptions there existed fatl~ sore sober view, according to which the earth was a long lege, l plain, and the sky an iron roof supported by the tops of thai intains or by four pillars TflJ at the cardinal points.

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  • When cutting a passage in the rock a rough driftway was first made, the roof was smoothed, a red axis line was drawn along it, and then the sides were cut parallel to the axis.

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  • It is subsequently stated that after leaving his father's roof he "became an archer,' and dwelt in the wilderness of Paran, and Zill es Sultan, elder brother of Muzafar ed d-n Shah, became governor-general of the Isfahan province in 1869.

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  • The streets are narrow and paved in steps, while often the roadway runs along the roof of the house in the tier below.

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  • From this court the walls of the Torre de Comares are seen rising over the roof to the north, and reflected in the pond.

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  • A pavilion projects into the court at each extremity, with filigree walls and light domed roof, elaborately ornamented.

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  • The columns supporting the roof and gallery are irregularly placed, with a view to artistic effect; and the general form of the piers, arches and pillars is most graceful.

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  • The roof is exquisitely decorated in blue, brown, red and gold, and the columns supporting it spring out into the arch form in a remarkably beautiful manner.

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  • There is a fountain in the middle of this hall, and the roof - a dome honeycombed with tiny cells, all different, and said to number 5000 - is a magnificent example of the so-called " stalactite vaulting " of the Moors.

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  • The Capella Palatina, at Palermo, the most wonderful of Roger's churches, with Norman doors, Saracenic arches, Byzantine dome, and roof adorned with Arabic scripts, is perhaps the most striking product of the brilliant and mixed civilization over which the grandson of the Norman Trancred ruled.

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  • At Sunium the west end, pediment, and roof of the temple of Poseidon was rebuilt with excavated fragments.

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  • To receive the pilgrim and supply him with alms was always considered the duty of every Christian: Charlemagne, indeed, made it a legal obligation to withhold neither roof, hearth, nor fire from them (Admon.

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  • In reply Theseus took the bullocks out of their cart and flung them higher than the roof of the temple.

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  • The houses are generally well and elaborately made, but nearly all the ornamentation is put on the inside of the roof.

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  • The houses are built of stone and mortar, and above the thatched straw roof which surmounts the doublestoreyed buildings the square water-tower rises gracefully.

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  • Morris worked with feverish energy, and on finishing the portion assigned to him proceeded to decorate the roof.

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  • From the sombre roof of smooth rock or broken pillars hang yellow, crimson and white stalactites.

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  • St Mary's church, with a beautifully carved roof, was erected in the earlier part of the 15th century, and contains the tomb of Mary Tudor, queen of Louis XII.

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  • In addition to its chief use as a roof covering, lead was sometimes used in England for making fonts, generally tub-shaped, with figures cast in relief.

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  • Large quantities of potassium chlorate exposed to strong heat in contact with the wood of casks or the timber of a roof have produced violent explosions.

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  • The sloping roof is covered with reeds, straw or stones.

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  • If from habit and tradition he respects a stranger within his threshold, he yet considers it legitimate to warn a neighbour of the prey that is afoot, or even to overtake and plunder his guest after he has quitted his roof.

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  • The dwelling-places of the natives are usually small huts of the simplest constuction, used chiefly as sleeping apartments; the day is spent in an open space in front of the hut protected from the sun by a roof of palm or other leaves.

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  • The roofs, or azoteas, are largely used for domestic purposes, or roof gardens.

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  • The god here states that he is about to send a deluge, which will cause destruction to all mankind, and he gives directions for the building of a great ship in which "the beasts of the field and the birds of heaven" may be saved, along with Ut-napishtim and his family; he fixes the size of the ship and directs that it should be covered with a strong roof or deck.

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  • Thus the boundary of the geometric shadow is a portion of a circle on the roof, but a portion of an hyperbola on the vertical wall.

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  • If the roof be not horizontal, we may obtain in this way any form of conic section.

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  • The houses in the Gilberts and Marshalls (much less elaborate than in the Carolines) consist merely of a thatched roof resting on posts or on blocks of coral about 3 ft.

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  • From its roof the famous Moravian trombones were long played on festal or funeral occasions, and later summoned the people to musical festivals.

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  • thaec; the word is common to many Teutonic languages in the sense of "roof," "cover"; cf.

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  • vT'yos, roof, Lat.

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  • It forms an extremely good roof, warm in winter and cool in summer.

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  • We may note, however, the difference between the house of Priam, surrounded by distinct dwellings for his many sons and daughters, and the houses of Ulysses and Alcinous, with many chambers under a single roof.

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  • together with currents of water induced by the action of the vibratile cilia which are abundant along special tracts on the sides and roof of the vestibule of the mouth and in the walls of the perforated pharynx ("ciliary ingestion").

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  • These are suspended to the muscular bodywall by a double membrane, called the ligamentum denticulatum, which forms at once the roof of the atrial chamber and the floor of a persistent portion of the original body-cavity or coelom (the dorsal coelomic canal on each side of the pharynx).

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  • The parish church, dating from 1594, is a plain structure, with a squat tower rising in two tiers from the centre of the roof.

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  • The building incorporated an older one of the 14th century, of which the great hall, with its timber roof, is part.

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  • In districts like that of Cripple Creek their enormous ore "dumps" dot the mountain flanks like scores of vast ant-hills; and in Eagle River canyon their mouths, like dormer windows into the granite mountain roof, may be seen 2000 ft.

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  • The entire edifice has been restored since 1898, and the frescoes by Guercino and Caracci, which decorate parts of its roof, though good in themselves, are inappropriate to its severe style.

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  • The new oak roof is emblazoned with the arms of the Scottish and later British monarchs, and of the old earls of Strathearn.

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  • Hipped Roof >>

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  • The Anglican church of St Mary is built of Oamaru and bluestone, with a roof of kauri wood.

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  • long, lined with masonry, the sides converging to form the roof.

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  • The roof is sometimes of bamboo solely, and when split, which is accomplished with the greatest ease, it can be formed into laths or planks.

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  • The whole state lies on the south-western exposure of a great roof whose crest, along the continental divide in western New Mexico, pitches southward.

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  • These crown the summit of the central portion of the ridge; and the largest palace, with its lofty roof and towers, is the most conspicuous object from every point of view.

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  • On a marble platform rises a marble pavilion, the flat-coned roof of which is supported on a double row of marble pillars.

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  • Three domes of white marble rise from its roof, with two tall minarets at the front corners.

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  • The interior of the mosque is paved throughout, and the walls and roof are lined, with white marble.

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  • The chief public buildings are the two Dutch Reformed churches, the old church being a good specimen of colonial Dutch architecture, with gables, curves and thatched roof.

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  • The church of St Michael, founded in the 8th century, and built of marble within and without, has a lofty and magnificent western facade (1188) - an architectural screen rising much above the roof of the church.

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  • x indicates the outline of the roof (aboral limit) of a subgenital pit; y, the outline of its floor or oral limit, in which is the opening.

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  • In 1807 he was appointed director of the Göttingen observatory, an office which he retained to his death: it is said that he never slept away from under the roof of his observatory, except on one occasion, when he accepted an invitation from Baron von Humboldt to attend a meeting of natural philosophers at Berlin.

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  • An important place of entertainment is Olympia, near Hammersmith Road and the Addison Road station on the West London railway, which includes a vast arena under a glass roof; while at Shepherd's Bush are the extensive grounds and buildings first occupied by the Franco-British Exhibition of 1908, including a huge stadium for athletic displays.

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  • distant is Cilcain village, of which the church has a carved oak roof, stolen from Basingwerk Abbey at the dissolution of the monasteries.

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  • shame, fling himself down once more from the gable of a lofty roof."

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  • The houses are built of hardened mud, with doors and roof of palm wood.

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  • The mosque is square, with a flat roof supported on clay columns, and crowned by a minaret.

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  • Not only have many travellers of many nationalities directed their steps towards the Bam-i-dunya ("the Roof of the World") in search of adventure or of scientific information, but the government surveys of Russia and India have met in these high altitudes, and there effected a connexion which will help to solve many of the geodetic problems which beset the superficial survey of Asia.

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  • Gordon, The Roof of the World (London, 1876); Pitman (trans.), Through the Heart of Asia (London, 1889); Earl of Dunmore, The Pamirs (London, 1893); Major Cumberland, Sport on the Pamirs (London, 1895); Hon.

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  • The church of St Wendreda, in Early English and later styles, is remarkable for a magnificent Perpendicular timber roof, beautifully carved.

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  • These huts are sometimes made simply of straw and are surrounded by high thorn hedges, but, in the north, square houses, built in stories, flat-roofed, the roof sometimes laid at the same slope as the hillside, and some with pitched thatched roofs, are common.

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  • The churches are usually circular in form, the walls of stone, the roof thatched.

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  • Like most of the lesser apartments, it is lined with white Italian marble, and in spite of its enormous dimensions the roof is unsupported by pillars.

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  • The parish church of St James is a fine Perpendicular building, with a lofty spire, and a beautiful open-work roof over the nave.

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  • " If buildings are made fire-proof entirely, and have skeleton construction so designed that their enclosing walls do not carry the weight of the floors or roof, then their walls shall be not less than twelve inches in thickness; and provided, also, that such walls shall be thoroughly anchored to the iron skeleton, and provided, also, that, whether the weight of such walls rests upon beams or pillars, such beams or pillars must be made strong enough in each storey to carry the weight of wall resting upon them without reliance upon the walls below them.

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  • In buildings to be used as offices, hotels, apartments, &c., it is usual in establishing the loads for the purpose of computation to assume that the columns carrying the roof and the upper storey will be called upon to sustain the full dead load due to material and the maximum computed variable load, but it is customary' to reduce the variable loads at the rate of about 5% storey by storey towards the base, until a minimum of about 20% of the entire variable load is reached, for it is evidently impossible that the building can be loaded by a densely-packed moving crowd in all of its storeys simultaneously.

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  • The maximum pressure is not uniform from the ground level to the roof but is greatest at the centre; it is diminished near the ground level by the frictional resistance of the ground, and at the eaves by the eddies formed by the air escaping over the roof.

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  • The building laws of the city of New York require the following provisions as regards wind forces: " All structures exposed to wind shall be designed to resist a horizontal wind pressure of thirty pounds for every square foot of surface thus exposed, from the ground to the top of the same, including roof, in any direction.

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  • In the Unity Building, Chicago, of seventeen storeys, the metal framework from basement columns to finished roof was accomplished in nine weeks.

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  • A certificate of conduct while under Temple's roof was required by all the Irish bishops he consulted before they would proceed in the matter of his ordination, and after five months' delay, caused by wounded pride, Swift had to kiss the rod and solicit in obsequious terms the favour of a testimonial from his discarded patron.

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  • corner of the adjacent churchyard stands an ancient building with a vaulted roof, once the record office, but now used as a fish-market.

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  • There are two western towers, but in the centre a low square tower hardly rises above the pitch of the roof.

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  • The fan-traceried roof, with its carved stone pendants, is the most exquisite architectural feature of the chapel.

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  • The first is of the time of Henry III., a fine octagonal building, its vaulted roof supported by a slender clustered column of marble.

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  • It is a beautiful room, with open timber roof, windows partly of stained glass, and walls tapestried and panelled.

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  • It has a magnificent open roof of carved oak, and is used as the vestibule of the Houses of Parliament.

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  • Its lofty clerestoried nave has an elaborately carved timber roof, and the south porch, though repaired in 1612, preserves its Norman mouldings.

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  • wide, has bluish-grey limestone walls, and an almost perfectly vaulted roof, rising from 100 to 195 ft.

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  • The roof rested on six pillars; the door was raised above the ground and approached by a stair (probably on account of the floods which often swept the valley); and worshippers left their shoes under the stair before entering.

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  • The roof now rested on three pillars, and the height was raised one-half.

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  • Little change, however, seems to have been made since the time of Ibn Jubair, who describes the floor and walls as overlaid with richly variegated marbles, and the upper half of the walls as plated with silver thickly gilt, while the roof was veiled with coloured silk.

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  • A chest in the corner to the left of one entering contained Korans, and at the Irak corner a space was cut off enclosing the stair that leads to the roof.

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  • The clay roof, rather than the walls of this crevice of sand, gave way and pressed down to fill the vacancy, and the leakage worked up along the weakened plane of tangential strain bd.

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  • Unless such places are carefully dug out or re-puddled before the work of filling is resumed, the percolation may increase along the vertical plane where it is greatest, by the erosion and falling in of the clay roof, as in the other cases cited.

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  • tuting the roof of the under '" - a,:;z;,=?.?i,???

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  • square, with so low a roof that a man can scarcely stand upright in it.

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  • If the ore is in pieces of the size of a walnut Or upwards, it is roasted in plain" kilns "or" burners,"provided with a grating of suitable construction for the removal of the cinders, with a side door in the upper part for charging in the fresh ore on the top of the partially burned ore, and with an arch-shaped roof, from which the burnergas is carried away in a flue common to a whole set of kilns.

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  • The durbar hall, which is a separate building, is 60 yards long by 20 broad, with a painted roof supported by two rows of pillars.

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  • high, and two connecting wings of three storeys surmounted by a mansard roof; the entire outer facing is of white Maryland marble.

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  • The elliptical Tabernacle (5870) has a rounded, turtle-shell shaped roof, unsupported by pillars or beams, seats nearly 10,000, and has a large pipe organ (5000 pipes).

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  • 2), consists of five large triangular plates, alternating with the radials, and called "orals," because they roof over the mouth.

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  • The wonderful mosaics, the wooden roof, elaborately fretted and painted, and the marble incrustation of the lower part of the walls and the floor are very fine.

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  • The principal buildings are the church of St Helen, Witton, noted for its finely carved roof of the 17th century, a museum and free library and market house.

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  • The roof of the mouth is formed by the palate, terminating behind by a muscular, contractile arch, having in man and a few other species a median projection called the uvula, beneath which the mouth communicates with the pharynx.

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  • A rock column supports the roof, and a building (possibly a Mithraeum) once stood above.

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  • The profusion of turrets, pinnacles, and dormer windows which decorates the roof of this, the chief portion of the château, constitutes the main feature of the exterior, while in the interior are a well-preserved chapel of the 16th century and a famous double staircase, the construction of which permits two people to ascend and descend respectively without seeing one another.

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  • Among his songs may be mentioned The Treaty and The New Roof, a Song for Federal Mechanics; and the best known of his satirical pieces are Typographical Method of conducting a Quarrel, Essay on White Washing and Modern Learning.

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  • Their houses are long, low and narrow: the side walls and roof are one, poles being fixed in the ground and then bent together so as to meet and form a pointed arch for the cross-sections.

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  • Wires are frequently stretched across a room overhead, probably with the idea that they will prevent the voice from reaching the roof and being reflected there, but there is no reason to suppose that they are efficient.

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  • Noticeable for its high roof, low tower and dwarf spire, the church consists of an aisleless nave, chancel (adorned with Chantrey's statue of the 1st duke) and transepts.

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  • in length, with a rounded, boat-shaped roof thatched with palm-branches, and looking inside, when undivided, like dark tunnels.

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  • On the north coast the houses are not built on piles; the walls, of bamboo or palm branches, are very low, and the projecting roof nearly reaches the ground; a barrier at the entrance keeps out pigs and dogs.

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  • long with a passage down the centre, and stands on a platform or veranda raised on piles, with the ridge-pole projecting considerably at the gables so that the roof may cover it at each end.

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  • The fine wooden roof of the interior is by Antonio da Sangallo the younger (1519-25).

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  • There was no chimney; the fire was made in the centre of the house and the smoke escaped through a hole in the roof, or through the door as in Hebridean houses of the present day.

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  • The church of St Peter and St Paul is Perpendicular, a handsome cruciform structure with central tower, and has a fine carved roof of wood.

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  • The forest and coast tribes make their dwellings chiefly of wood framing filled in with the leaf-stalks of the traveller's tree, with the leaves themselves forming the roof covering.

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  • The oldest, in its present form, is the Paulinerkirche, built in 1229-1240, and restored in 1900, with a curiously grooved cloister; the largest in the inner town is the Thomaskirche, with a high-pitched roof dating from 1496, and memorable for its association with J.

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  • Within the eastern and southern Bantu area certain cultural variations occur; beehive huts are found among the ZuluXosa and Herero, giving place among the Bechuana to the cylindrical variety with conical roof, a type which, with few exceptions, extends north to Abyssinia.

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  • The church is mainly Perpendicular, and among its numerous chapels that of St Catherine has a beautiful roof of fan-tracery in stone dated 1508.

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  • The original Langstroth hive was single-walled, held ten frames (size 174 by 9 in.), and had a deep roof, made to cover a case of small honey boxes like the sections now in use; but the cumbersome projecting porch and sides, made to support the roof, are now dispensed with, and the number of frames reduced to eight.

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  • space between the roof and A top-bars for bees to pass from frame to frame.

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  • Consequently, on the roof being raised B the bees can take wing if not prevented from doing so.

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  • Another point of difference between the English and American hive is the roof, which being gable-shaped in the former allows warm packing to be placed directly on the frame tops, so that the bees are covered in when the roof is removed and may be examined or fed with very little disturbance.

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  • Sir Robert Gordon of Gordonstown used one as a stable in the rebellion of 1745; weapons of prehistoric man were found in another, and the roof of a third is carved with ornaments and emblems of early Celtic art.

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  • That its storage has very greatly increased as cultivation has been extended (the prairie sod sheds water like a roof) is true; moreover, the spread of scientific principles of farming has increased the advantage derived from the ground-water stored.

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  • He was born about 1207 and died, while still a boy, by the fall of a tile from a roof.

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  • He could only be invoked under the open sky, as partaking of the nature of a god of light and day; hence a round opening was made in the roof of his temple through which prayers might ascend to heaven.

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  • If he was invoked in a private house, those who called upon his name stood beneath the opening in the roof called compluvium.

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  • As in fishes also, the sensory canal system must have been highly developed on the skulls of many labyrinthodonts, and the impressions left by these canals have been utilized by morphologists for homologizing the various elements of the cranial roof with those of Crossopterygians.

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  • Gaumen, roof of the mouth; the ultimate origin is probably the root gha, to open wide, seen in Gr.

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  • The spaces between the vaults are filled with solid masonry, and above all is the roof covering, also of masonry, which is sometimes surmounted with an ornamental roof-comb.

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  • In all cases, therefore, where it is desired to do the work out of contact with the solid fuel, the operation of burning or heat-producing must be performed in a special fire-place or combustion chamber, the body of flame and heated gas being afterwards made to act upon the surface of the material exposed in a broad thin layer in the working bed or laboratory of the furnace by reverberation from the low vaulted roof covering the bed.

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  • The material to be melted is introduced into the furnace from the hoppers HH through the charging holes in the roof.

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  • The former are used principally as casing, walls, pillars or other supporting parts of the structure, and includes ordinary red or yellow bricks, clay-slate, granite and most building stones; the latter are reserved for the parts immediately in contact with the fuel and flame, such as the lining of the fire-place, the arches, roof and flues, the lower part if not the whole of the chimney lining in reverberatory furnaces, and the whole of the internal walls of blast furnaces.

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  • These bricks are specially used for the roof, fire arches, and other parts subjected to intense heat in reverberatory steel-melting furnaces, and, although infusible under ordinary conditions, are often fairly melted by the heat without fluxing or corrosion after a certain amount of exposure.

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  • No matter what she said, getting him back meant financial security - a roof over her head and everything that went along with it.

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  • While you are under my roof, you will treat me with respect.

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  • Outside, the rain drummed wildly on the roof.

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  • Rain drops tapped on the window lightly at first, and then drummed on the roof angrily.

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  • You're living under the same roof.

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  • Now, if I was trying to hide my identity, the last thing I would want her to do would be to file a police report while she was living under my roof.

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  • Releasing the break, she slapped the lines on the back of the mules and clicked her tongue against the roof of her mouth.

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  • Thunder rattled the windowpane and hail pounded on the roof.

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  • Quinn lit the large stove to stave off the cold as rain pounded the metal roof above us.

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  • It remained overcast and I could hear the rain pelting the roof and a murmur of voices below.

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  • The rain on the roof was soothing.

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  • Maybe it was the near-inaudible buzz or the rain on the roof, or my imagination, by I actually napped, for about twenty minutes.

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  • As there is no dormer on the roof, the ceilings slant downward on each side.

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  • The outside camera is virtually undetectable under a roof overhang.

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  • Darian accidentally blew up a car an hour later and blew the roof off the garage.

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  • "Nope. You can repair the roof of the garage, though," Dusty said and seated himself at the computer to try and contact Damian and Jule through their clandestine website.

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  • "Put your hands on the roof," Larkin demanded.

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  • A metal roof replaced the old shingles.

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  • Breathless, she reached the exit onto the roof and pushed it open, flinching at the alarm that sounded.

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  • He couldn't forget the energy of the bond that tore through when he held her on the roof.

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  • She refused to send him to school or to go to work, determined to figure out what insanity was going on under her roof.

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  • He hadn.t eaten in too long, and to have his mate so close … Rhyn took the stairs two at a time until he reached the roof.

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  • Rather than join them, she paced the hall before following it to its end and ascending to the roof.

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  • Snow soon covered her arms as she crossed the roof to gaze into the well-lit courtyard.

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  • She turned in time to see Rhyn drop with an audible crunch from the air to the snowy roof.

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  • She recalled falling asleep on the roof and knew Evelyn to be too tipsy to carry or drag her down to her room.

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  • Last night, on the roof.

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  • She couldn't help feeling disappointed; space looked no different than it had when she was lying on the roof of Evelyn's house.

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  • She's a whiz on a roof.

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  • Dean's mind churned the details of the recent happenings, trying to make sense of Shipton's orchestrated plunge to the river, and the strange reactions of those still sleeping beneath Bird Song's roof, and elsewhere.

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  • By the end of the summer I'll have enough profit to roof the house.

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  • He tapped the roof of his truck with his fingernails.

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  • Ully cursed as he moved to seek cover from the downpour.  Safe beneath his jungle roof, Toby watched him.  The brave, cheerful Ully that sat with him in Hell seemed lost in the underworld, and Toby began to suspect there was another reason their jailer, Jared, had freed them.

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  • The highway to Pagosa Springs followed the San Juan River up the pass to the top of the Rocky Mountains while side streams, arush with melting snow, ice cold to the touch, cascaded down from the roof of the sky, thousands of feet above.

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  • The broad arches allowed fresh air and the clear fiberglass roof let the sunshine in while keeping the rain out.

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  • Thunder exploded and then the hail started, drumming on the roof like large marbles.

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  • Eventually, rain drumming on the porch roof lulled her back to sleep.

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  • It looked as though it had fallen on the roof over her bedroom.

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  • Bill said one of the limbs of the tree had gone through the roof over Carmen's bedroom – all the way down and punctured her mattress.

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  • It would take a lot of money to repair the roof and erase the water damage.

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  • The old house sat quiet, the roof above her bedroom covered with a blue tarp.

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  • Alex had given her more than a roof over her head and food.

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  • If it hadn't been for the tree falling on the house, that roof still wouldn't be repaired.

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  • She climbed onto the roof of the mansion then approached the peak.

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  • Rough cedar posts that still had remnants of limbs supported the porch roof, and an old vine rocker sat beside the door.

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  • It roared on the tin roof and plunged off the eves, where the wind caught it and drove it across the yard in horizontal sheets.

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  • The rain beat on the roof with a steady roar, and thunder cracked like a giant whip.

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  • One branch lay broken against the house and the corner of the roof was damaged.

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  • The sun reflected across several large dents in the hood and roof.

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  • She led him into the tavern and up a narrow stone stairwell that went to the roof.

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  • They went to the edge of the stone roof.

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  • She strode to the edge of the roof.

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  • His eyes went to Xander, who writhed in pain on the other side of the roof.

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  • If Eden succeeded, Xander died, a fact he didn't learn for many years after she left him writhing in agony on the roof of a tavern.

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  • A large, iron chandelier hung from the rafters of an A-frame roof high above.

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  • abuts nave, the latter's roof rising to more than half way up the second stage.

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  • adequate ventilation in the roof area.

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  • I also feel that the deep adit is probably flooded to above roof level.

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  • The warehouse on the left, now obviously loft style apartments and the building behind it with the roof adornments.

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  • aerials on the roof with the magnetic loop center of the picture.

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  • Tele2's customers are connected by radio in effect, through a small roof mounted aerial, to a local transmitter.

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  • In the summer months, residents can enjoy a cool drink on the roof terrace at the Tower Bar overlooking the busy airfield.

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  • airtight seal exists where the wall meets the roof.

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  • Pass the roof on excellent holds but in a very airy position.

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  • aisle roof was renewed.

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  • An electric sun roof, satellite navigation and 18-inch alloys are available as options if you desire.

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  • I could not hope to get a lodging under a roof, and sought it in the wood I have before alluded to.

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  • Instead, we used the alp to get water into the property through the roof from above.

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  • aluminiumcan be manufactured in lengths to span the roof and are typically of powder coated aluminum hollow sections connected with hoses.

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  • See Figure 16: Figure 16- Timber roof anchorage to bond beam RC roofs can be also constructed.

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  • apex of nave roof up to middle of second stage, with slit window just above.

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  • apex roof garages, the guttering should be fixed along the garage side.

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  • West wall: small modern wooden window just below roof apex, stone sill, leaded light.

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  • Roof finishes are offered to complement local architecture and include for example, fiberglass shingles, concrete or clay tiles or natural slate.

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  • Start below the first roof right of the overhanging arete.

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  • ashlar faced with a hipped roof.

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  • bafflen>Somewhat baffling The mystery room was the room in the SW tower, near the bell, which was only accessible from the roof.

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  • bandstand roof safe for proposed concerts 12.

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  • The hotel itself, has wooden floors, marble bathrooms, and stain glass roof.

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