Respiratory-tract sentence example
In the same way, the reflex act of coughing is useful in removing either foreign bodies or excessive secretion from the air passages; but when the mucous membrane of the respiratory tract is irritated and inflamed, it produces a feeling of tickling and a desire to cough sometimes very violently; yet the coughing simply tends to exhaust the patient, because there is really little or nothing to bring up. The same is the case in inflammation of the lung substance itself.
Upper respiratory tract infections caused by organisms sensitive to cefpodoxime, including sinusitis.
Subjects were excluded if they reported having suffered symptoms of a respiratory tract infection in the prior 8 weeks.
These fumes may cause occupational asthma and can also irritate the upper respiratory tract and eyes.
Gum benzoin, which contains from 12 to 20% of benzoic acid, is used in medicine as the essential constituent of benzoated lard, Adeps benzoatus, which owes its antiseptic properties to benzoic acid; and in friar's balsam, Tinctura benzoini composita, which is an ancient and valuable medicament, still largely used for inhalation in cases of laryngitis, bronchitis and other inflammatory or actually septic conditions of the respiratory tract.Advertisement
During the winter months respiratory tract infections with a variety of viruses are more common.
Reduced secretion of mucus in the lungs predisposes to irritation and infection throughout the upper and lower respiratory tract.
Are you using any room sprays or cleaning chemicals that could possibly irritate the nose and respiratory tract?
The first thing your veterinarian must do is rule out the possibility of the digested blood coming from a wound the dog was licking or swallowing blood from its respiratory tract or mouth.
About 80 percent of these infections are acquired during the birth process itself; the virus enters the infant through its eyes, skin, mouth, and upper respiratory tract.Advertisement
Croup accounts for about 15 percent of all respiratory tract infections in children seen by physicians.
Symptoms include labored breathing, the inability to forcefully blow air out of the lungs, and an increased susceptibility to respiratory tract infections.
Adenoviruses are small infectious agents that cause upper respiratory tract infections, conjunctivitis, and other infections in humans.
Whooping cough-An infectious disease of the respiratory tract caused by a bacterium, Bordetella pertussis.
Diphtheria-A serious, frequently fatal, bacterial infection that affects the respiratory tract.Advertisement
It serves as a passageway for air to flow from the outside environment into the lower respiratory tract and lungs.
Adenovirus-A type of virus that can cause upper respiratory tract infections.
Expectorants are drugs that loosen and clear mucus and phlegm from the respiratory tract.
Ribavirin (Rebetol, Virazol), used for treatment of hospitalized infants and young children with severe lower respiratory tract infections caused by respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), but its value is controversial.
Azithromycin and clarithromycin both reach the lungs and respiratory tract better than does erythromycin.Advertisement
These two drugs may be preferred for respiratory tract infections.
The most common emergency treatment involves injection of epinephrine (adrenaline) to stop the release of histamines and relax the muscles of the respiratory tract.
Hyper-IgM syndrome appears during the first year of life when the child develops recurrent infections of the respiratory tract that do not respond to standard antibiotic treatment, along with chronic diarrhea.
The larynx flows into the trachea, which is the broadest part of the respiratory tract.
Sneezing and coughing, both provoked by the presence of irritants within the respiratory system, help to clear such irritants from the respiratory tract.Advertisement
Tiny hair like projections (cilia) from cells lining the respiratory tract beat constantly to move debris trapped by mucus upwards and out of the respiratory tract.
Finally, cells lining the respiratory tract produce several types of immune substances that protect against various organisms.
Other cells (macrophages) along the respiratory tract surround and kill invading organisms.
Within the respiratory tract, the cilia act to move mucus along, in an effort to continually flush out and clean the respiratory tract.
Although the exact cause of the disease is unknown, it often develops following a recent viral or bacterial infection of the respiratory tract and is an abnormal reaction of the immune system to the infection.Advertisement
Bluish skin (cyanosis), coughing, vomiting, and frothy pink sputum (material expelled from the respiratory tract by coughing) are often observed.
They are lined with the same kind of skin found elsewhere within the respiratory tract.
The cilia beat constantly to help move the mucus produced in the sinuses into the respiratory tract.
The beating cilia sweeping the mucus along the respiratory tract helps to clear the respiratory tract of any debris or of any organisms that may be present.
Acute sinusitis usually follows some type of upper respiratory tract infection or cold.Advertisement
It is usually caused by the spread of bacterial or viral infections from the head or respiratory tract into the inner ear.
Rubella is a virus that causes German measles, an illness that includes rash, fever, and symptoms of an upper respiratory tract infection.
They may affect almost any organ system but are most common in the respiratory tract.
Patients with serious hemophilus infections require bed rest and a humidified environment (such as a croup tent) if the respiratory tract is affected.
Influenza complications usually arise from bacterial infections of the lower respiratory tract.Advertisement
B. pertussis causes its most severe symptoms by attaching itself to those cells in the respiratory tract that have cilia.
Cilia are small, hair-like projections that beat continuously and serve to constantly sweep the respiratory tract clean of such debris as mucus, bacteria, viruses, and dead cells.
Affected persons become increasingly exhausted when attempting to clear the respiratory tract through coughing.
Such a person experiences the full progression of whooping cough symptoms; symptoms only improve when the old, damaged lining cells of the respiratory tract are replaced over time with new, healthy, cilia-bearing cells.
Severe episodes, which are less common, may be seen when the patient has a viral respiratory tract infection or is exposed to a heavy load of an allergen or irritant.Advertisement
These adenoids may enlarge with repeated respiratory tract infections and ultimately block the eustachian tubes.
Any child who reports an earache or a sense of fullness in the ear, especially if combined with a prior upper respiratory tract infection, or fever, should be evaluated by a physician.
Reye's syndrome usually occurs after a viral illness with fever, most often an upper respiratory tract infection.
Medical therapy Upper respiratory tract infections, eg acute laryngitis, are commonly caused by viral infections.