Respiration sentence example
Reluctantly she pulled away, her pulse and respiration in a race.
Its function is less that of respiration than of FIG.
Terrestrial plants have a gaseous interchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide which is necessary for respiration and feeding.
He also studied the chemistry of combustion and of respiration, and made experiments in physiology, where, however, he was hampered by the "tenderness of his nature" which kept him from anatomical dissections, especially of living animals, though he knew them to be "most instructing."
The least wind raises clouds of fine dust, which fill the air, render it so opaque as to obscure the noonday sun, and make respiration difficult.Advertisement
The mode of blowing is peculiar, and requires some practice; an uninterrupted blast is kept up by the muscular action of the cheeks, while the ordinary respiration goes on through the nostrils.
Respiration is effected by means of external gills placed along both sides of the dorsum of the abdomen and hinder segments of the thorax.
It possesses only slight influence over the heart and respiration, but it has a specific effect on mucous membranes as the elimination of the drug takes place largely through the lungs, where it aids in loosening bronchial secretions.
Respiration becomes shallow with the increasing coma.
The respiration of marine animals in the depths of deep basins in which there is no circulation adds to the carbonic acid at the expense of the dissolved oxygen.Advertisement
The respiration becomes slower owing to a paralytic action on the respiratory centre and, in warm-blooded animals, death is due to this action, the respiration being arrested before the action of the heart.
It depresses respiration, and in large doses lowers temperature.
These openings are small and provided with a valve interiorly, which is opened during respiration, and closed when the animal dives.
No organs of circulation or respiration are known; but the nervous system is well developed, and consists of a pair of ganglia corresponding with the limbs and connected by longitudinal commissural chords.
Respiration is conducted by the general surface, by the branchial lamina (external branch) of the feet, and the vesicular appendage (when present) at the base of this branch.Advertisement
Aristotle had imputed to all living beings a soul, though to plants only in the sense of a vegetative, not a sensitive, activity, and in Moleschott's time many scientific men still accepted some sort of vital principle, not exactly soul, yet over and above bodily forces in organisms. Moleschott, like Lotze, not only resisted the whole hypothesis of a vital principle, but also, on the basis of Lavoisier's discovery that respiration is combustion, argued that the heat so produced is the only force developed in the organism, and that matter therefore rules man.
Even though respiration is an involuntary response, you can control it with conscious thought.
In respiration he argued that the same particles are consumed, because he found that when a small animal and a lighted candle were placed in a closed vessel full of air the candle first went out and soon afterwards the animal died, but if there was no candle present it lived twice as long.
A large lethal dose kills by this action, but the minimum lethal dose by its combined action on the respiration and the heart.
The lung-sac serves undoubtedly as a hydrostatic apparatus in the aquatic Pulmonata, as well as assisting respiration.Advertisement
The aquatic habit of many larvae is associated with endless beautiful adaptations for respiration.
Chladni's experiment of strewing a vibrating bell with flour, investigated the nature of sound and the function of the air in respiration and combustion, and originated the idea of using the pendulum as a measure of gravity.
Rutherford, who showed that on removing oxygen from air a gas remained, which was incapable of supporting combustion or respiration.
In non-aquatic life such an unprotected organ cannot subserve respiration.
Other organisms can use fumarate reductase for ATP production by anaerobic respiration.Advertisement
Mayow perceived the similarity of the processes of respiration and combustion, and showed that one constituent of the atmosphere, which he termed spiritus nitro-aereus, was essential to combustion and life, and that the second constituent, which he termed spiritus nitri acidi, inhibited combustion and life.
Ammonia should be given by inhalation, and artificial respiration must never be forgotten, as by it the paralysed breathing may be compensated for and the poison excreted.
The respiration is at first accelerated by a dose of physostigmine, but is afterwards slowed and ultimately arrested.
But the final resort in cases of opium poisoning is artificial respiration, which should be persevered with as long as the heart continues to beat.
Normally these proceed hand in hand, with the energy produced by respiration consumed by ATP formation.Advertisement
Although both drugs have specific antagonists available, care should be taken not to depress respiration too much.
Why does addition of ADP in the presence of P i stimulate respiration?
The lack of oxygen causes a rapid decrease in root respiration, contributing to rapid root loss.
These systems are all inefficient for spontaneous respiration (Figure 4).
As is the case with other water-bugs, this insect is predaceous and feeds upon aquatic grubs or worms. The body is richly supplied with long hairs, which serve to entangle bubbles of air for purposes of respiration.Advertisement
It is also formed in ordinary fermentation processes, in the combustion of all carbon compounds (oil, gas, candles, coal, &c.), and in the process of respiration.
The variable first maxillae are seldom pediform, their function being concerned chiefly with nutrition, sensation and respiration.
Inject stimulants subcutaneously; give coffee - hot and strong - by the mouth and rectum, or use large doses of caffeine citrate; and employ artificial respiration.
As water for respiration streams through the clefts, gaseous interchange takes place between the circulating colourless blood and the percolating water.
The whole body is full of pores, and hence respiration takes place over the whole frame.Advertisement
Before death occurs the pulse and respiration become exceedingly rapid and weak, and complete unconsciousness sets in.
It might be mistaken for pleurisy or some inflammatory affection of the lungs; but the absence of any chest symptoms, its occurrence independently of the acts of respiration, and other considerations well establish the distinction.
The idea that this film of bacteria oxidizes the alcohol beneath by merely condensing atmospheric oxygen in its interstices, after the manner of spongy platinum, has long been given up; but the explanation of the action as an incomplete combustion, depending on the peculiar respiration of these organisms - much as in the case of nitrifying and sulphur bacteria - is not clear, though the discovery that the acetic bacteria will not only oxidize alcohol to acetic acid, but further oxidize the latter to CO 2 and 01-1 2 supports the view that the alcohol is absorbed by the organism and employed as its respirable substance.
Life is maintained by the inhalation of fresh atoms to replace those lost by exhalation, and when respiration, and consequently the supply of atoms, ceases, the result is death.
Intense drowsiness yields to sleep and coma which ends in death from failure of the respiration.Advertisement
It has, indeed, been asserted that, if relays of trained assistants are at hand, no one need die of opium poisoning, even if artificial respiration has to be continued for hours or days.
It seems probable that violent physical exercise may counteract in great measure the deleterious effect of opium and prevent it from retarding the respiration, and that in such cases the beneficial effects are obtained without the noxious results which would accrue from its use to those engaged in sedentary pursuits.
Early next year two papers from his pen were published in Beddoes' West Country Contributions - one " On Heat, Light and the Combinations of Light, with a new Theory of Respiration and Observations on the Chemistry of Life," and the other "On the Generation of Phosoxygen (Oxygen gas) and the Causes of the Colours of Organic Beings."
In many of the smaller Entomostraca (Copepoda and most Ostracoda) no special gills are present, and respiration is carried on by the general surface of the body and limbs.
Adaptations for aerial respiration are found in some of the landcrabs, where the lining membrane of the gill-chamber is beset with vascular papillae and acts as a lung.Advertisement
Her milk is abundant and rich, and during the operation of suckling, the mother floats in a slightly sidelong position, so as to allow of the necessary respiration in herself and her young.
The pulse is feeble and irregular, and respiration is difficult.
This embraces the base of the epiglottis, and, except while swallowing food, shuts off all communication between the cavity of the mouth and the pharynx, respiration being, under ordinary circumstances, exclusively through the nostrils.
Sarasin (17), whose great work on the development of Ichthyophis is one of the most important recent contributions to our knowledge of the batrachians, Amphiuma is a sort of neotenic Caecilian, a larval form become sexually mature while retaining the branchial respiration.
It enters into combination with haemoglobin, forming a bright scarlet compound and interfering with respiration.
Oxygen is only involved at the very last stage of respiration as the final electron acceptor, but without the whole respiratory chain stops.
Some microorganisms however obtain their ATP by anaerobic respiration using a chemiosmotic mechanism where oxygen is not the ultimate electron acceptor.
Electron Transport System- Hydrogen ions produced during the 3 preparatory steps of aerobic respiration are carried by nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD ).
They are strict anaerobes and generate ATP by anaerobic respiration.
The first chap we got out, we applied artificial respiration for two hours.
Do this 15 times, then give artificial respiration twice.
Witness tried artificial respiration for nearly an hour without avail.
In the case of this modern superstition the process is doubly hard because various factors have combined to administer artificial respiration.
With a dock worker, PC EDOM recovered the man from the dock and performed artificial respiration.
If breathing has stopped start artificial respiration immediately if you know how and shout for help.
Continue volatile agent until reversal is complete and spontaneous respiration is resumed using atropine or glycopyrrolate and neostigmine as required.
Atwater Benedict (1903) invented a respiration chamber to perform direct & indirect calorimetry.
The clinical features of excessive doses of opiates include coma of varying severity, small pupils and depressed respiration.
Display Answer Question 3 The enzyme succinate dehydrogenase is involved in the Kreb's cycle of cellular respiration.
The uncoupling protein blocks development of a H + electrochemical gradient, thereby stimulating respiration.
Also important for symbiotic nitrogen fixation is a specialized set of cytochromes required for respiration in the low oxygen concentration found in legume nodules.
Draw the carbon cycle to show the processes including photosynthesis, respiration, combustion, and fossilization.
By far the biggest influences are plant and animal respiration and plant photosynthesis.
Pronounced central nervous system depression requires airway maintenance or, in extreme circumstances, assisted respiration.
Air work with the breath to increase respiration and mobilize the shoulder girdle with brachial plexus work and trapezius release.
To analyze data from mitochondrial respiration to identify a metabolic defect.
During cellular respiration, energy is released around the body, some of which is in the form of heat.
These systems are all inefficient for spontaneous respiration (Figure 4 ).
Water vapor Ã¢ Water vapor comes from surface water, and from animal and plant respiration.
The purple bacteria evolved oxygen respiration by reversing the flow of molecules through their carbon fixing pathways and modifying their electron transport chains.
M was floppy at birth with no spontaneous respiration and he was not adequately resuscitated until 4 minutes after birth.
Symptoms include reduced root growth, and inhibition of various physiological processes including transpiration, respiration and photosynthesis.
In the terrestrial plants it differs in the subterranean and subaerial parts, being in the former preeminently absorptive, and in the latter protectiveprovision at the same time being made for the gaseous interchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide necessary for respiration and feeding.
The important function of aeration, by which the inner living tissues of the bulky plant-body obtain the oxygen necessary for their respiration, is secured by the development of an extensive system of intercellular spaces communicating with the external air.
This tissue is called aerenchym, and no doubt its function is to facilitate the respiration of the organs on which it is formed and to which the access of oxygen is difficult.
The changes involve a continual liberation of energy, which in most cases is caused by the respiration of the protoplasm and the oxidation of the substances it contains.
Recent researches point to definite external conditions of moisture, affecting the processes of respiration and transpiration, &c., as being responsible for some of these.
Priestley and Lavoisier, at the close of the 18th century, made possible the scientific study of plant-nutrition, though Jan Ingenhousz in 1779 discovered that plants incessantly give out carbonic acid gas, but that the green leaves and shoots only exhale oxygen in sunlight or clear daylight, thereby indicating the distinction between assimilation of carbonic acid gas (photosynthesis) and respiration.
The appropriate drug is therefore atropine, which stimulates the respiration and prevents the paralysis of the heart.
He published at Oxford in 1668 two tracts, on respiration and rickets, and in 1674 these were reprinted, the former in an enlarged and corrected form, with three others "De sal-nitro et spiritu nitro - aereo," "De respiratione foetus in utero et ovo," and "De motu musculari et spiritibus animalibus" as Tractatus quinque medico-physici.
The obvious antidote is atropine, which may often succeed; and the other measures are those usually employed to stimulate the circulation and respiration.
The time taken for the liquid to travel a certain distance is a measure of the respiration rate.
Refer to the units on the respiration process to see what might happen to it !
Soil respiration sensitivity to temperature (Q 10) decreased in response to drought.
Weak or irregular breathing would rate a one, while healthy respiration would receive a two.
It decreases heart rate and respiration while increasing blood flow.
Physiological responses are things such as a suppressed immune system, accelerated heart rate, raised blood pressure, problems with digestion and increased respiration.
Dancing - Music is therapeutic and dancing to music can improve pulse rate, respiration and mood.
Shaping it, mashing it, rolling it flat or simply rolling it into a ball and squeezing it can provide the fidgeting mind with focus, relieve an accelerated heart rate and relax respiration.
A firmer understanding of the human body is also gained, as young people learn about everything from digestion and proper nutrition, to more complex issues such as reproduction and respiration.
If a person consumes too much alcohol or exceeds the recommend one drink per hour limit, he runs the risk of alcohol poisoning, a condition where the heart rate and respiration are dangerously slowed.
Autonomic Nervous System; The autonomic nervous system is the set of involuntary nerves that controls body functions such as respiration and heartbeat.
These specially-designed straps are able to monitor respiration, or breathing, throughout the night.
The autonomic nervous system is responsible for sending signals to the circulatory system to ensure proper blood circulation and respiration.
Technicians hook up sensors to monitor your vitals, including brain waves, heart rate and respiration.
Cyanide interferes with respiration at the cellular level.
Cellular respiration, a process by which food molecules are converted into high-energy molecules used as a source of energy, takes place in structures called mitochondria.
Guillain-Barré syndrome-Progressive and usually reversible paralysis or weakness of multiple muscles usually starting in the lower extremities and often ascending to the muscles involved in respiration.
If the child stops breathing, artificial respiration (also called mouth-to-mouth resuscitation or rescue breathing) should be administered.
Blood pressure, pulse, respiration, and body temperature are checked, and the ear, nose, and throat are scrutinized.
Overdoses of narcotics can cause drowsiness, unconsciousness, and even death because these drugs suppress respiration.
A = Activity (or muscle tone); P = Pulse; G = Grimace (or reflexes to stimuli); A = Appearance (or skin color), and R = Respiration.
Another measure taken by some parents is the use of a portable battery-operated monitor that sounds an alarm in response to significant deviations in infants' respiration or heart rates while they are asleep.
Asphyxia neonatorum, also called birth or newborn asphyxia, is defined as a failure to start regular respiration within a minute of birth.
If an infant fails to establish sustained respiration after birth, the infant is diagnosed with asphyxia neonatorum.
Diagnosis can be objectively assessed using the Apgar score-a recording of the physical health of a newborn infant, determined after examination of the adequacy of respiration, heart action, muscle tone, skin color, and reflexes.
If stimulation fails to initiate regular respiration in the newborn, the attending physician attempts resuscitation.
When stimulation and a clear airway do not result in adequate respiration, the physician may give 100 percent oxygen via a face mask.
This results in rapid respiration (tachypnea or faster and faster breathing) in an effort to bring in more oxygen and blow off more carbon dioxide.
Pneumonia is suspected in a child who has symptoms such as fever, cough, chest pain, difficulty breathing (shortness of breath or dyspnea), and an increased number of breaths per minute (respiration).
If pneumonia is present, a rapid rate of respiration may be noted; tachypnea is defined as a respiratory rate over 50 respirations per minute in infants younger than one year.
A person with serious burns may stop breathing, and artificial respiration (also called mouth-to-mouth resuscitation or rescue breathing) should be administered immediately.
The combination of EA with TEF compromises digestion, nutrition, and respiration (breathing), creating a life-threatening condition that requires immediate medical attention.
Coenzyme Q10 is a natural substance produced by the body that transports electrons during cellular respiration, or the process in which cells get their energy from oxygen.
They administer medication and check pulse, respiration rates and temperature.
Lust is an intense feeling of attraction to another person which usually results in physiological reactions including increased heart rate and respiration, perspiration and euphoria.
By controlling your respiration, you can calm your heart rate and any fear response spawned by your shyness.
They are accompanied by intercellular channels serving for the conduction of oxygen to, and carbon dioxide from, the living cells in the interior of the wood, which would otherwise be cut off from the means of respiration.
Supply and Distribution of Energy in PlantsIt is well known that one of the conditions of life is the maintenance of the process which is known as respiration.
Forms adapted to terrestrial life and to aerial respiration occur in various divisions of Gastropods, and do not constitute a single homogeneous group. Thus the Helicinidae, which are terrestrial, are now placed among the Aspidobranchia.
Specially characteristic of the class, however, is the presence of a complex system of air-tubes (tracheae) for respiration, usually opening to the exterior by a series of paired spiracles on certain of the body segments.
There are no alimentary canal or specialized organs for circulation or for respiration.
Jacobsen on some occasions found water in the surface layers of the Baltic supersaturated with oxygen, which he ascribed to the action of the chlorophyll in vegetable plankton; in other cases when examining the nearly stagnant water from deep basins he found a deficiency of oxygen due no doubt to the withdrawal of oxygen from solution, by the respiration of the animals and by the oxidation of the deposits on the bottom.
It is also necessary, he inferred, for all muscular movements, and he thought there was reason to believe that the sudden contraction of muscle is produced by its combination with other combustible (salino-sulphureous) particles in the body; hence the heart, being a muscle, ceases to beat when respiration is stopped.
In ccllapse following severe haemorrhage and in sudden and accidental arrest of the heart or respiration during chloroform narcosis an intramuscular injection of 1 gr.
Respiration in plants, as in other organisms, is a process that goes on by night as well as by day and consists in plants in the breaking up of the complex carbonaceous substances formed by assimilation into less complex and more transportable substances.
In some cases the branchial respiration a p pears to be insufficient, and the intestinal tract acts as an accessory breathing organ.
He also worked at fermentation, respiration and animal heat, looking upon the processes concerned as essentially chemical in nature.
The first are truly aquatic and retain the method of respiration of their marine ancestors, gills.
For example, the color red has been documented as causing an elevation in blood pressure, respiration and heart rate in test subjects.
These are the calories you need just to exist and support bodily functions such as respiration, heart beat and digestion to name a few.
Included in your BMR are basic bodily functions like respiration and circulation.
The antipyretic action which considerable doses of aconite display is not specific, but is the result of its influence on the circulation and respiration and of its slight diaphoretic action.
The difference between the gill-books of Limulus and the lung-books of Scorpio depends on the fact that the latter are adapted to aerial respiration, while the former serve for aquatic respiration.
To admit of the free inflow and outflow of currents of water necessary for respiration, which is effected by means of filamentous abdominal tracheal gills, the two ends of the tube are open.
The quantity of air required for a large colliery depends upon the number of men employed, as for actual respiration from zoo to 200 cub.
In 1865 Kowalevsky discovered that the organs of respiration consist of numerous pairs of gill-slits leading from the digestive canal through the thickness of the body-wall to the exterior.
The extreme pain and rapid swelling of the vocal cords - with threatened obstruction to the respiration - that characterize acute laryngitis may often be relieved by the sedative action of this drug upon the circulation.
It is clear that Swedenborg showed (150 years before any other scientist) that the motion of the brain was synchronous with the respiration and not with the action of the heart and the circulation of the blood, a discovery the full bearings of which are still far from being realized.
Respiration, indeed, is the expression of the liberation of the potential energy of the protoplasm itself.
If the access of oxygen to a protoplast is interfered with its normal respiration soon ceases, but frequently other changes supervene.
The water which bears the oxygen for respiration and the minute organisms upon which the Brachiopod feeds is swept into the mantle cavity by the action of the cilia which cover the arms, and the eggs and excreta pass out into the same cavity.
They have appeared independently in connexion with a change in the excretion of nitrogenous waste in Arachnids, Crustacea, and the other classes of Arthropoda when aerial, as opposed to aquatic, respiration has been established - and they have been formed in some cases from the mesenteron, in other cases from the proctodaeum.
The newer forms are based upon the principle, first enunciated by Professor Theodor Schwann in 1854, of carrying compressed oxygen instead of air, and returning the products of respiration through a regenerator containing absorptive media for carbonic acid and water, the purified current being returned to the mouth with an addition of fresh oxygen.
The patient is then seized with violent convulsions of a tetanic character; the arms are stretched out, respiration impeded, the muscles are rigid, the body is thrown into opisthotonos, i.e.
Joly, the very young larvae have no breathing organs, and respiration is effected through the skin.
If death from asphyxia appears imminent artificial respiration may be resorted to.
The work of the leaves may briefly be stated to consist of the processes of nutrition, respiration and transpiration.
As mentioned above, respiration by means of airtubes (tracheae) is a most characteristic feature of the Hexapoda.
In effect, therefore, Mayow - who also gives a remarkably correct anatomical description of the mechanism of respiration - preceded Priestley and Lavoisier by a century in recognizing the existence of oxygen, under the guise of his spiritus nitro-aereus, as a separate entity distinct from the general mass of the air; he perceived the part it plays in combustion and in increasing the weight of the calces of metals as compared with metals themselves; and, rejecting the common notions of his time that the use of breathing is to cool the heart, or assist the passage of the blood from the right to the left side of the heart, or merely to agitate it, he saw in inspiration a mechanism for introducing oxygen into the body, where it is consumed for the production of heat and muscular activity, and even vaguely conceived of expiration as an excretory process.
The pulse and respiration steadily fail, death occurring from asphyxia.
Taken internally aconite acts very notably on the circulation, the respiration and the nervous system.