The referendum has been sparingly used in matters of local concern.
In 1902 thirteen amendments were adopted, including provisions for the initiative, the referendum and the recall.
On a referendum, 685,969 electors 1866.
But there has been considerable interference (ostensibly on humanitarian grounds) with the Jewish method of slaughtering animals for food (Shehitah) and the method was prohibited by a referendum in 1893.
In June the referendum on union was taken in Natal, and resulted in a complete rout of the separatists.
Under an amendment to the Constitution adopted in 1906 his veto power does not extend to measures referred to the people by the legislative assembly or by initiative and referendum petitions.
Upon this measure, however, the people ordered a referendum and it was rejected at the polls.
A referendum act was passed in April 1909, and in June following the electors by 11,121 votes to 3701 decided to join the Union.
In January 1898 the bill was finally agreed to and submitted to a popular referendum of the inhabitants of each colony.
Any bill proposed in the legislature or passed by it must be referred to popular vote before becoming law, if there is a referendum petition therefor signed by 10,000 voters; and a petition signed by 12,000 voters initiates new legislation.
The "obligatory referendum" exists in the case of all laws, while 8000 citizens have the right of "initiative" in proposing bills or alterations in the cantonal constitution.
This provision for the initiative and the referendum was made effective by a legislative act of 1903.
By the latest enactments (one dating from 1905) 2500 citizens can claim a vote ("facultative referendum") as to any legislative project, or can exercise the "right of initiative" as to any such project or as to the revision of the cantonal constitution.
Exceptions to the referendum are made in the case of laws necessary for the immediate preservation of the public peace, health, or safety, or the support of the state government or the various state institutions.
Notes ad referendum are addressed by diplomatic agents to their own governments asking for fresh powers to deal with points not covered by their instructions, which they have had to "refer."
The inclusion in the charter of the principle of the " initiative and referendum " enables a percentage of the voters to compel the submission of measures to public approval.
In 1907 the legislature proposed an amendment providing for the application of initiative and referendum to statutory laws and constitutional amendments; two years later the legislature passed a substitute resolution, which omits the clause regarding amendments of the constitution, and which, if passed by the legislature of 2922 will be put to popular vote at the general election of 1912.
The "obligatory Referendum" obtains in the case of all laws, while 1500 citizens have the right of "initiative" whether as to laws or the revision of the cantonal constitution.
The town hall is not large enough for an assemblage of all the voters, but actually the attendance is usually limited to about Zoo, and since 1901 there has been in force a kind of referendum, under which any measure passed by a town-meeting attended by 700 or more voters may be referred, upon petition of loo legal voters, to a regular vote at the polls.
Meanwhile a conference of the maritime powers was held in London in1908-1909for the elaboration of a code of international maritime law in time of war, to be applied in the international Court of Prize, which had been proposed in a convention signed ad referendum at the Hague Conference of 1907.
Since 1875, 1000 citizens can claim a popular vote (facultative Referendum) on all bills, or can exercise the right of initiative whether as to laws or the revision of the cantonal constitution.
5, sec. i of the state constitution, authorized the initiative and referendum, but twofifths of the entire number of counties must each furnish for initiative petitions signatures amounting in number to 8% of the whole number of votes cast for governor at the election last preceding the filing of the petition; for referendum petitions two-fifths of the counties must each furnish as signers 5% of the legal voters; and any measure referred to the people shall be in full force unless the petition for the referendum be signed by 15% of the legal voters (whose number is that of the total votes cast for governor, &c., as above) of a majority of the whole number of counties, but that in such case the law to be referred shall be inoperative until it is passed at the popular election.
The charter contains initiative and referendum provisions, provides for the recall of any elective city official, and prohibits the granting of any franchise for a longer term than twenty years.
On a referendum in 1895 on the expediency of granting municipal suffrage to women only 59.08% of the women who were registered voted, and probably less than 10% of those entitled to be registered.
In September 1908 a constitutional amendment was adopted providing for referendum and initiative by the people.
Several state InWailve, constitutions now contain provisions enabling a Referendum prescribed number (or proportion) of the voters in and Recall.
The charter provides for a referendum vote on franchises, which may be ordered by the council or by petition of the people, the signatures of 20% of the registered voters being sufficient to force such election.
The Democrats ruled from 1878 to 1880, and introduced the "Referendum" (1879) into the cantonal constitution, but, their policy of the separation of church and state having been rejected by the people at a vote, they gave way to the Radicals.
The initiative and the referendum are employed in municipal ordinances as well as in state laws; towns and cities make their own provisions as to "the manner of exercising the initiative and referendum powers as to their own municipal legislation"; but "not more than 10% of the legal voters may be required to order the referendum nor more than 15% to propose any measure by the initiative, in any city or town."
With the latter may be compared presentday movements like the initiative and referendum, and not a few discussions of national debts.
Its vote is regarded as a referendum, and its members are twice as numerous as those of the Narodna Skupshtina.
The obligatory Referendum obtains in the case of all laws, and of decrees relating to an expenditure of over half a million francs, while 12,000 citizens have the right of initiative in the case of legislative projects, and 15,000 may demand the revision of the cantonal constitution.
The opposition to union among an influential number of old Nataliansintensely zealous for local independence - was however so marked that it was decided that before Natal was committed to union a referendum on the subject should be taken.
A referendum of legislative enactments may be ordered in two ways: the legislature itself may refer any of its acts to the people for approval or rejection at the next regular election, in which case the act may not be vetoed by the governor and does not go into effect until approved at the polls; or 5% of the number of voters at the last election for a supreme court justice may by petition order any act, except such as are "necessary for the immediate preservation of the public peace, health or safety," to be referred to the voters for their approval or rejection.
He met, however, with considerable opposition, especially from the Labour party, who resented his advocacy of conscription (twice rejected on a referendum) and in 1917 refused to reelect him as their leader.
To the departments that were hostile to the dictatorship of Paris, and the tyranny of Danton or Robespierre, it promised the referendum, an executive of twenty-four citizens, universal suffrage, and the free exercise of religion.
The referendum may be ordered by the legislature or by a petition signed by at least 5% of the legal voters in each of two-thirds (at least) of the congressional districts of the state; such petition must be filed not more than 90 days after the final adjournment of the legislature; referred measures become law upon receiving a favourable majority of the popular vote.
The treaty made with the former country in 1893 was not ratified, as it was thought to concede too much to Peru, and the subsequent ad referendum treaty was rejected on account of Peru claiming that only Peruvians, and not all residents, should have the right to vote in the plebiscite to be taken by the terms of the treaty of 1883 for the possession of Tacna and Arica.
Chamberlain) was a prominent advocate of the initiative, the referendum and the direct election of United States senators; and that a wing of the Republican party worked for the choice of the Democratic candidate by the people in the hope that the (Republican) legislature would not ratify the popular choice and so would nullify the direct primary law.
In June 1906 five laws and five amendments to the constitution, proposed by initiative petitions, and one law on which the referendum was ordered by petition, were submitted to a popular vote.
An amendment which was adopted (177,615 for; 147,290 against) in November 1908, and came in effect on the 4th of December 1908, provides for initiative and referendum applying to statutory law and to constitutional amendments, but emergency measures, and appropriations for the state government, for state institutions, and for public schools are exempt from referendum.
At the election in June 1908 the number of initiative and referendum measures amounted to nineteen, and the ballot required forty-one separate marks and was over 22 ft.
Nevada thus became the fourth American state to adopt the referendum.
The voters decided to boycott the referendum, which needed a 50% turnout to be valid.
This is the Referendum.
At this meeting all the colonies except New Zealand were represented, and it was agreed that the parliament of each colony should be asked to pass a bill enabling the people to choose ten persons to represent the colony on a federal convention; the work of such convention being the framing of a federal constitution to be submitted to the people for approval by means of the referendum.
The Enabling Bill passed the various stages in the parliament of that colony, and the question was then adopted by referendum.
The people approved by a vote of nearly three to one, but the court of appeals declared the act unconstitutional because of the referendum.
South Dakota was the first American state to adopt the initiative and referendum.
Such amendments have latterly come to include many matters not strictly constitutional,and so to constitute a species of direct legislation by the people similar in principle to what is called in Switzerland the Referendum.
Inner Rhoden is extremely conservative, and has the reputation of always rejecting any federal Referendum.
1912 that they no longer held themselves bound, by the policy advocated by Mr. Balfour before the second election of 1910, to submit the first Tariff Reform budget to a referendum.
The measures to be voted on consisted of eleven laws or constitutional amendments proposed by initiative petition, four constitutional amendments referred to the people by the legislature, and four laws upon which the voters had ordered a referendum.
In 1906 the city adopted a freehold charter, centralizing power in the mayor and providing for a referendum.
There was a boycott of the referendum on British membership of the Euro.
NWP named the imprint 11:9 which is a totally apolitical gesture toward the date of the referendum on the 11 th September 1997.
Most presidential re-election bids become a referendum on the incumbent's performance in the Oval Office.
These include the billionaire Sir James Goldsmith's right wing Referendum Party.
choke, 9, saves choking tot ` We'll hold referendum on police.. .
collect 10,000 signatures which will mean that a referendum will have to be held.
gaming compacts won't have a referendum for individual results survey be mindful.
In fact, a yes vote in the referendum is certainly conceivable under his guidance There is no need to despair, tho.
constitution referendum, leaving on a high.
consultative referendum was held on 20 February 2005.
devolution referendum in Wales.
Residents will continue to be included on the electoral roll ensuring they are not disenfranchised from voting in any election or referendum in 2006.
Luxembourg's referendum was the first since the 1930s in the tiny duchy, one of the six founding members of the EU.
A petition reaching 5% of the total electorate would trigger a referendum based on that petition.
electorate in a referendum, but never was.
And there are three deep splits behind the reluctance either to decisively reject the euro or to leap into the unknown of a referendum.
euro referendum is not an issue for CA.
We have produced a facsimile of the Government leaflet produced for the 1975 referendum.
holding of a referendum is no longer considered a taboo.
implores all it's readers to exercise their democratic duty and VOTE in the Wymsey Independence Referendum.
They were incensed by the UN's complete inaction initially to defend the result of the referendum it had organized.
mentions the possibility of a referendum.
outcome of the referendum has in fact raised a number of cultural and constitutional issues which are not so easily sidelined.
right-wing politician Christoph Blocher hailed the result of Sunday's referendum, saying, " The Swiss people cannot be blackmailed.
postpone the referendum on the euro will also mean that the Convention gets an absolutely clear run in the next year.
recall referendum of August 2004 have morphed into Endogenous Battle Units.
referendum on the European constitution.
referendum on the euro.
referendum on devolution.
referendum on independence during the Parliament's first four year term.
referendum on the single currency next year.
referendum campaign to budget schedule.
When will the Bill on the European constitutional referendum be published?
Nor is the ' one-size-fits-all ' approach popular with the people of Europe, as the Danish euro referendum showed.
Also coming up is a promised referendum on the European constitution.
The key theme of the meeting was the growing divide over our position on the forthcoming euro referendum.
referendum held on March 20.
The decision to postpone the referendum on the euro will also mean that the Convention gets an absolutely clear run in the next year.
The Catholic bishops had urged voters to boycott the referendum, which needed a 50% turnout to be valid.
At the time of the devolution referendum the CBI Scotland polled the 1200 Scottish company directors.
How people vote in a euro referendum is not an issue for CA.
Electoral Battle Units formed to defend ChÃ¡vez in the recall referendum of August 2004 have morphed into Endogenous Battle Units.
Tony Blair wants to fight and win the EU constitution referendum, leaving on a high.
The holding of a referendum is no longer considered a taboo.
Boy, 9, saves choking tot ` We'll hold referendum on police.. .
undecided vote in a possible future referendum.
Then, in a complete volte-face, a referendum was conceded.
vote yes in a referendum to join, he added.
voters in a referendum held on 22 May.
This fear proved to be well founded, for the result of the referendum in New South Wales showed 7 1, 595 votes in favour of the bill and 66,228 against it, and it was accordingly lost.
An analysis of city election returns for the decade 1890-1899 showed that the interest of the citizens was greatest in the choice of a president; then, successively, in the choice of a mayor, a governor, the determination of liquor-license questions by referendum, and the settlement of other referenda.
In 1909 the state legislature provided for a commission form of government which took effect in April 1910; a council of five, elected by the city at large, has only legislative powers; the mayor appoints members of a utilities commission, a park commission and a board of public works, and all officers except the city auditor and treasurer; and the charter provides for the initiative, the referendum and the recall.
of the republic, appointing the prefect of the national capital, designating members of the supreme tribunal and diplomatic representatives for the approval of the senate, to negotiate treaties, &c., ad referendum to congress, and maintain relations with foreign powers, to declare war in case of invasion and to declare martial law in case of grave internal disorder, and to advise congress at the opening of the annual session of the progress and state of public affairs.
Among the many reforms introduced under his guidance were a workmen's compensation law; a survey of occupational diseases with recommendations for health insurance; the elimination of the sweatshop; the establishment of a state industrial commission for dealing with questions of labour and capital; the provision of a minimum wage and a nine-hour day for women; mothers' pensions; ratification of the proposed woman suffrage amendment; the budget system for state expenditures; pure food laws; a " blue sky " law for protecting investors from unscrupulous promoters; the initiative and referendum; a Corrupt Practices Act; the indeterminate sentence for convicts; improvement of rural schools; the establishment of a state tuberculosis hospital and the extension of safety devices on railways and in mines.
In November 1906 the people of the state voted (17,248 for; 2162 against) in favour of the provision of a system of advisory initiative and advisory referendum; and in March 1907 the general assembly passed an act providing initiative and referendum in the municipal affairs in the city of Wilmington.
We also of course support a referendum on the European constitution.
There are thus two major risks for the Labor government in contemplating a referendum on the euro.
It featured a tailor-made fifth pledge to Welsh and Scottish voters, offering them a referendum on devolution.
The SNP in government will hold a referendum on Independence during the Parliament 's first four year term.
The Prime Minister continues to drop hints about a referendum on the single currency next year.
My family does n't referendum campaign to budget schedule.
Take for example the peace referendum held on March 20.
I welcome the decision and look forward to campaigning against Blair 's rigged referendum.
You have a referendum and you seek to convince people of the rightness of a particular case.
The Spanish referendum was a travesty built upon a farce.
I think you may be right that that 15% constitutes a potential undecided vote in a possible future referendum.
The Government would therefore recommend the British people to vote yes in a referendum to join, he added.
The Belfast Agreement was endorsed by 71.1 per cent of NI voters in a referendum held on 22 May.
The decision to hold the referendum is a cynical exploitation of vulgar prejudice by the Irish government.
The property tax referendum passed by a slim margin, contentiously funding improvements to the city's streets.
In 1998 Californians passed Proposition 227, a referendum that attempted to eliminate bilingual education by allowing only one year of structured English immersion, followed by mainstreaming.