Ray sentence example

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  • At last he saw a ray of light far ahead of him.
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  • The next morning she woke to the first ray of light through the window.
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  • His words were like a ray of sunshine through the window on a cold winter morning.
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  • The walls were of stained pine, shellacked to a glow that reflected every ray of light that entered the large windows.
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  • The buds may all become detached after a time and give rise to separate and independent individuals, as in the common Hydra, in which only polyp-individuals are produced and sexual elements From Allman's Gymnoblastic Hydroids, by permission of are developed the Council of the Ray Society.
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  • The cortical tissues gradually shrink and dry up, turning brown and black in patches or all over, and when at length the cambium and medullary ray tissues dry up the whole twig dies off.
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  • The most useful economically are several species of sturgeon and of herring, trout,barbel,chubb,bream, ray,sea-dace, carp, anchovy.
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  • Willughby, Ray and others in the late 17th century to include the active larvae of beetles, as well as bugs, lice, fleas and other insects with undeveloped wings.
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  • The xylem and phloem parenchyma consist of living cells, fundamentally similar in most respects to the medullary ray cells, which sometimes replace them altogether.
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  • Ray Lankester to the members of a series of tubes, proved in some cases to be excretory in nature, which exist typically to the number of a single pair in most of the segments of the Chaetopod body, and open each by a ciliated orifice into the coelom on the one hand, and by a pore on to the exterior of the body on the other.
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  • The Kim Kardashian sex tape was made three years ago and features Kardashian with then-boyfriend Ray J, who is an actor, rapper and the brother of pop star Brandy.
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  • She doesn't believe that Ray J has anything to do with the sale of the video.
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  • Such a cell-plate is called a medullary ray.
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  • Ray's interest in ornithology continued, and in 1694 he completed a Synopsis Methodica Avium, which, through the fault of the booksellers to whom it was entrusted, was not published till 1713, when Derham gave it to the world.'
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  • Two years after Ray's death, Linnaeus, the great reformer of natural history, was born, and in 1735 appeared the first.
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  • This was the work of Salerne, published after his death, and is often spoken of as being a mere translation of Ray's Synopsis, but a vast amount of fresh matter, and mostly of good quality, is added.
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  • Meanwhile the English naturalist, John Ray, was studying the classification of animals; he published, in 1705, his Methodus insectorum, in which the nature of the metamorphosis received due weight.
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  • Ray's "Insects" comprised the Arachnids, Crustacea, Myriapoda and Annelida, in addition to the Hexapods.
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  • Ray was the first to formulate that definite conception of the species which was adopted by Linnaeus and emphasized by his binominal nomenclature.
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  • This may consist simply in attaching one end of the wire to an index lever and the other to a fixed support, or the elongation of the wire may cause a rotation in a mirror from which a ray of light is reflected, and the movement of this ray over a scale will then provide the necessary means of indication.
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  • This resolution of the original wave is the well-known "Principle of Huygens," and by its means he was enabled to prove the fundamental laws of optics, and to assign the correct construction for the direction of the extraordinary ray in uniaxial crystals.
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  • A part of one surface of the plate may be silvered, so that the polarized ray, after having once traversed the glass, is reflected back again; the rotation is thus doubled, and moreover, the arrangement is, for certain experiments, more convenient than the other.
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  • God is not fully comprehensible by us, says Albert, because the finite is not able to grasp the infinite, yet he is not altogether beyond our knowledge; our intellects are touched by a ray of his light, and through this contact we are brought into communion with him.
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  • The most prominent name between that of Gesner and Linnaeus in the history of systematic zoology is that of John Ray (1628-1705).
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  • A chief merit of Ray is to have limited the term " species " and to have assigned to Ray it the significance which it bore till the Darwinian era, whereas previously it was loosely and vaguely applied.
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  • Associated with Ray in his work, and more especially occupied with the study of the Worms and Mollusca, was Martin Lister (1638-1712), celebrated also as the author of the first geological map.
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  • Two years after Ray's death Carl Linnaeus (1707-1778) was born.
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  • Linnaeus adopted Ray's conception of species, but he made species a practical reality by insisting that every species shall have a double Latin name - the first half to be the name of the genus common to several species, and the second half to be the specific name.
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  • Ray Lankester obtained the Radcliffe Travelling Fellowship at Oxford in 1870, and became a fellow and lecturer at Exeter College in 1872.
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  • All that it is necessary to assume is that the effects of the successive zones gradually diminish, whether from the increasing obliquity of the secondary ray or because (on account of the limitation of the region of integration) the zones become at last more and more incomplete.
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  • The limiting efficiency of the microscope is attained when the angular aperture amounts to 180°; and it is evident that a lateral displacement of the point under observation through -IX entails (at the old image) a phase-discrepancy B Q' of a whole period, one extreme ray FIG.
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  • The path of a ray from the wave-surface AoBo to A or B is determined by the con dition that the optical distance, µ ds, is a minimum; and, as AB is by supposition a wave-surface, this optical distance is the same for both points.
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  • The path of a ray from the wave-surface A 0 B 0 to the point A is changed; but in virtue of the minimum property the change may be neglected in calculating the optical distance,as it influences the result by quantities of the second order only in the changes of refrangibility.
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  • If, as in common flint-glass spectroscopes, there is only one dispersing substance, f Sy ds = Sµ.s, where s is simply the thickness traversed by the ray.
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  • Observing through a telescope with light perpendicularly incident, he showed that the position of any ray was dependent only upon the grating interval, viz.
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  • This expresses the retardation of the extreme relatively to the central ray, and is to be reckoned positive, whatever may be the signs of w, and 0 .
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  • The geometrical theory first requires a consideration of the path of a ray of light falling upon a transparent sphere.
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  • Of the total amount of light falling on such a sphere, part is reflected or scattered at the incident surface, so rendering the drop visible, while a part will enter the drop. Confining our attention to a ray entering in a principal plane, we will determine its deviation, i.e.
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  • Then the deviation experienced by the ray at A is i - r.
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  • If the ray suffers one internal reflection at D, then it is readily seen that, if DB be the path of the reflected ray, the angle ADB equals 2r, i.e.
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  • At B, where the ray leaves the drop, the deviation is the same as at A, viz.
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  • The total deviation of the ray is consequently given by D =2(i - r) +7r - 2r.
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  • Similarly it may be shown that each internal reflection introduces a supplementary deviation of 7r - 2r; hence, if the ray be reflected n times, the total deviation will be D =2(i - r) +n (7r - 2r) .
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  • We thus see that the order of colours in the secondary bow is the reverse of that in the primary; the secondary is half as broad again (3°), and is much fainter, owing to the longer path of the ray in the drop, and the increased dispersion.
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  • - Polished metallic surfaces, like those of other solids, divide any incident ray into two parts, of which one is refracted while the other is reflected - with this difference, however, that the former is completely absorbed, and that the latter, in regard to polarization, is quite differently affected.
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  • Hence, if a prism is placed in front of the eye with its base towards the nose, a ray of light falling upon it will be bent inwards, and seem to come from a point farther out from the axis of vision.
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  • Conversely, if the base of the prism is turned towards the temple, the ray of light will seem to come from a point nearer the axis, and will induce the eye to turn inwards, to converge towards its fellow.
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  • Among these were the exponential calculus, and the curve called by him the linea brachistochrona, or line of swiftest descent, which he was the first to determine, pointing out at the same time the relation which this curve bears to the path described by a ray of light passing through strata of variable density.
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  • Poynting has separated the two effects experimentally on the principle that the radiometer pressure acts along the normal, while the radiation pressure acts along the ray which may be directed obliquely.
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  • For saw-flies and gallflies, see P. Cameron's British Phytephagous Hymenoptera (4 vols., London, Ray Soc., 1882-1893).
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  • This theory was supported by the French physician Jean Ray, who showed also that in the cases of tin and lead there was a limit to the increase in weight.
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  • He found quarters at Passy, 1 then a suburb of Paris, in a house belonging to Le Ray de Chaumont, an active friend of the American cause, who had influential relations with the court, and through whom he was enabled to be in the fullest communication with the French government without compromising it in the eyes of Great Britain.
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  • In 1910 the state charitable institutions were as follows: State Soldiers' and Sailors' Home, Bath; State School for the Blind, Batavia; the Thomas Indian School, Iroquois; State Woman's Relief Corps Home, Oxford; State Hospital for the care of Crippled and Deformed Children, West Haverstraw; Syracuse State Institution for Feeble-Minded Children, Syracuse; State Hospital for the treatment of Incipient Pulmonary Tuberculosis, Ray Brook; Craig Colony for Epileptics, Sonyea; State Custodial Asylum for Feeble-Minded Women, Newark; Rome State Custodial Asylum for Unteachable Idiots, Rome; State Agricultural and Industrial School, Industry; State Training School for Girls, Hudson; Western House of Refuge, Albion; New York State Reformatory for Women, Bedford; the State Training School for Boys; and Letchworth Village, a custodial asylum for epileptics and feeble-minded.
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  • Then the reflected ray QR and the ray reflected at R, and so on, will all touch the circle drawn with ON as radius.
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  • A ray making an angle less than 0 with the tangent will, with its reflections, touch a larger circle.
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  • Greek and Roman authors have much to say about Apis, the marks by which the black bull-calf was recognized, the manner of his conception by a ray from heaven, his house at Memphis with court for disporting himself, the mode of prognostication from his actions, the mourning at his death, his costly burial and the rejoicings throughout the country when a new Apis was found.
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  • John Ray (1627-1705) did much to advance the science of botany, and was also a good zoologist.
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  • He promulgated a system which may be considered as the dawn of the "natural system" of the present day (Ray, Methodus Plantarum, 1682).
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  • Being called upon to arrange the plants in the garden, he necessarily had to consider the best method of doing so, and, following the lines already suggested by his uncle, adopted a system founded in a certain degree on that of Ray, in which he embraced all the discoveries in organography, adopted the simplicity of the Linnean definitions, and displayed the natural affinities of plants.
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  • Ray adopted Grew's views, and states various arguments to prove their correctness in the preface to his work on European plants, published in 1694.
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  • The phenomena of movements of the organs of plants attracted the attention of John Ray (1693), who ascribed the movements of the leaf of Mimosa and others to alteration in temperature.
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  • Now the direction and phase of the light are those of the ray which reaches the eye; and by Fermat's principle, established by Huygens for undulatory motion, the path of a ray is that track along which the disturbance travels in least time, in the restricted sense that any alteration of any short reach of the path will increase the time.
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  • Thus the path of the ray when the aether is at rest is the curve which makes fds/V least; but when it is in motion it is the curve which makes fds/(V+lug-m y -I-nw) least, where (l,m,n) is the direction vector of Ss.
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  • As, however, our terrestrial optical apparatus is now all in motion along with the matter, we must dealt .with the rays relative to the moving system, and to these also Fermat's principle clearly applies; thus V+ (lu'--mv'-Fnw') is here the velocity of radiation in the direction of the ray, but relative to the moving material system.
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  • Through a cleft in the rock a ray of light falls upon Iseult's face, Mark stops up the crevice with his glove (or with grass and flowers), and goes his way, determined to recall his wife and nephew.
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  • In botany the custom followed by John Ray (1627-1705) in his Historia Plantarum and in other works was continued in 1760 by Linnaeus in his Systema Naturae.
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  • That is to say, the metre might be redetermined or restored as to its length within one ten-millionth part, by reference to, e.g., 1553163.5 wave-lengths of the red ray of the spectrum of cadmium, in air at 15° C. and 760 mm.
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  • The exact position of the selected ray does not matter much, but the yellow D line of sodium Air FIG.
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  • Ray Lankester (18) subsequently described this same form (under the name of Undulina ranarum) A B (From Lankester.) FIG.
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  • The type form is the Caucasian species roseum of botanists, hardy perennial, with finely cut leaves and large flower heads, having a ray of deep rosecoloured ligulate florets surrounding the yellow centre or disk.
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  • The difference between the coefficients o 97 and 1 17 arises from the refraction of the ray, but for which they would be equal.
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  • The arrangement adopted by Ray Lankester in the 9th edition of the Ency.
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  • In the case of prisms the resolving power ist (dµ/dX), where t is the effective thickness of the medium traversed by the ray.
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  • The fact that in certain simple cases where a line when looked at equatorially splits into a triplet, the ratio of the charge to the mass is found by Lorentz's theory to be equal to that observed in the carrier of the kathode ray, shows that in these cases the electron moves as an independent body and is not linked in its motion to other electrons.
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  • Faraday had for a long time kept in view the possibility of using a ray of polarized light as a means of investigating the condition of transparent bodies when acted on by electric and magnetic forces.
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  • "I do not think, therefore, that decomposing solutions or substances will be found to have (as a consequence of decomposition or arrangement for the time) any effect on the polarized ray.
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  • It gave no effects when the same magnetic poles or the contrary poles were on opposite sides (as respects the course of the polarized ray), nor when the same poles were on the same side either with the constant or intermitting current.
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  • But when contrary magnetic poles were on the same side there was an effect produced on the polarized ray, and thus magnetic force and light were proved to have relations to each other.
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  • On the 3rd of November a new horseshoe magnet came home, and Faraday immediately began to experiment on the action in the polarized ray through gases, but with no effect.
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  • Ray's translation of that work (p. 334), stating that it is "a Sea-fowl, which fishermen observe to resort to their vessels in some numbers, swimming 1 swiftly to and fro, backward, forward and about them, and doth as it were radere aquam, shear the water, from whence perhaps it had its name."
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  • The fish is characterized by its large scales (34 to 40 in the lateral line), its long dorsal fin, the first ray of which is stiff and serrated, and the presence of two small barbels on each side of the mouth.
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  • As the sun rises, the rays enter the prisms more and more obliquely, and the angle of minimum deviation increases; but since the emergent ray makes the same angle with the refracting edge as the incident ray, it follows that the parhelia will remain on the parhelic circle, while receding from the inner halo.
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  • The star of the knights grand cross is a seven-rayed star of silver with a small ray of gold between each, in the centre is a red St George's cross bearing a medallion of St Michael encountering Satan, surrounded by a blue fillet with the motto Auspicium melioris aevi.
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  • For the growth of flowers generally, and for that of all fruits, every ray of light to be obtained in the dull winter season is required, and therefore every possible care should be taken to keep the glass clean.
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  • Large Wimshurst multiple plate influence machines are often used instead of induction coils for exciting Rntgen ray tubes in medical work.
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  • Thisleton Dyer (Edinburgh Review, 1902, p. 370) thinks that Ray's use of the word may be traced to the last-mentioned authors.
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  • It is clear, however, that through Ray's work in the 17th century the common biological application of species became fixed much in its modern form, as denoting a group of animals or plants capable of interbreeding, and although not necessarily quite identical, with marked common characters.
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  • Ray Lankester, have urged that the word is so firmly asssociated with historical implications of fixity which are now incongruous with its application, that it ought to be discarded from scientific nomenclature.
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  • His collecting propensities made him useful to John Ray and Robert Boyle.
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  • He returned to London with a considerable collection of plants and other curiosities, cf which the former were sent to Ray and utilized by him for his History of Plants.
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  • Farther from the centre the ray structure is usually prominent.
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  • Thus a bright auroral ray may seem red towards the foot and green at its summit, with yellow intervening.
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  • Ray was chosen minor fellow of Trinity in 1649, and in due course became a major fellow on proceeding to the master's degree.
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  • Ray's reputation was high also as a tutor; and he communicated his own passion for natural history to several pupils, of whom Francis Willughby is by far the most famous.
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  • Ray's quiet college life closed when he found himself unable to subscribe to the Act of Uniformity of 1661, and was obliged to give up his fellowship in 1662, the year after Isaac Newton had entered the college.
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  • We are told by Dr Derham in his Life of Ray that the reason of his refusal "was not (as some have imagined) his having taken the ` Solemn League and Covenant,' for that he never did, and often declared that he ever thought it an unlawful oath; but he said he could not declare for those that had taken the oath that no obligation lay upon them, but feared there might."
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  • From this time onwards he seems to have depended chiefly on the bounty of his pupil Willughby, who made Ray his constant companion while he lived, and at his death left him 60 a year, with the charge of educating his two sons.
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  • In the spring of 1663 Ray started together with Willughby and two other pupils on a tour through Europe, from which he returned in March 1666, parting from Willughby at Montpellier, whence the latter continued his journey into Spain.
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  • He had previously in three different journeys (1658, 1661, 1662) travelled through the greater part of Great Britain, and selections from his private notes of these journeys were edited by George Scott in 1760, under the title of Mr Ray's Itineraries.
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  • Ray himself published an account of his foreign travel in 1673, entitled Observations topographical, moral, and physiological, made on a Journey through part of the Low Countries, Germany, Italy, and France.
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  • From this tour Ray and Willughby returned laden with collections, on which they meant to base complete systematic descriptions of the animal and vegetable kingdoms. Willughby undertook the former part, but, dying in 1672, left only an ornithology and ichthyology, in themselves vast, for Ray to edit; while the latter used the botanical collections for the groundwork of his Methodus plantarum nova (1682), and his great Historia generalis plantarum (3 vols., 1686, 1688, _1704).
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  • In 1667 Ray was elected a fellow of the Royal Society, and in 1669 he published in conjunction with Willughby his first paper in the Philosophical Transactions on "Experiments concerning the Motion of Sap in Trees."
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  • The Ray Society, for the publication of works on natural history, was founded in his honour in 1844.
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  • Ray's first book, the Catalogue plantarum circa Cantabrigiam nascentium (1660, followed by appendices in 1663 and 1685), was written in conjunction with his "amicissimus et individuus comes," John Nid.
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  • The book shows signs of his indebtedness to Joachim Jung of Hamburg, who had died in 1657, leaving his writings unpublished; but a MS. copy of some of them was sent to Ray by Samuel Hartlib in 1660.
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  • Jung invented or gave precision to many technical terms which Ray and others at once made use of in their descriptions, and which are now classical; and his notions of what constitutes a specific distinction and what characters are valueless as such seem to have been adopted with little change by Ray.
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  • The first two editions of the Catalogus plantarum Angliae (1670, 1677) were likewise arranged alphabetically; but in the Synopsis stirpium Britannicarum (1690, 1696, also re-edited by Dillenius, 1724, and by Hill, 1760) Ray applied the scheme of classification which he had by that time elaborated in the Methodus and the Historia plantarum.
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  • But a serious blemish was his persistent separation of trees from herbs, a distinction whose falsity had been exposed by Jung and others, but to which Ray tried to give scientific foundation by denying the existence of buds in the latter.
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  • In the first volume a chapter "De plantis in genere" contains an account of all the anatomical and physiological knowledge of the time regarding plants, with the recent speculations and discoveries of Caesalpinus, Grew, Malpighi and Jung; and Cuvier and Dupetit Thouars, declaring that it was this chapter which gave acceptance and authority to these authors' works, say that "the best monument that could be erected to the memory of Ray would be the republication of this part of his work separately."
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  • Here also begins his long controversy with Rivinus (Augustus Quirinus Bachmann) which chiefly turned upon Ray's indefensible separation of ligneous from herbaceous plants, and also upon what he conceived to be the misleading reliance that Rivinus placed on the characters of the corolla.
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  • Besides editing his friend Willughby's books, Ray wrote several zoological works of his own, including Synopsis methodica Animalium Quadrupedum et Serpentini Generis (1693), that is to say, both mammals and reptiles, and Synopsis methodica Avium et Pisciurn (1713); the latter was published posthumously, as was also the more important Historia Insectorum (1710), which embodied a great mass of Willughby's notes.
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  • Most of Ray's minor works were the outcome of his faculty for carefully amassing facts; for instance, his Collection of English Proverbs (1670), his Collection of Out-of-the-way English Words (1674), his Collection of Curious Travels and Voyages (1693), and his Dictionariolum trilingue (1675, 5th edition as Nomenclator classicus, 1706).
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  • But Ray's influence and reputation have depended largely upon his two books entitled The Wisdom of God manifested in the Works of the Creation (1691), and Miscellaneous Discourses concerning the Dissolution and Changes of the World (1692).
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  • In The Wisdom of God, &c., Ray recites innumerable examples of the perfection of organic mechanism, the multitude and variety of living creatures, the minuteness and usefulness of their parts, and many, if not most, of the familiar examples of purposive adaptation and design in nature were suggested by him, such as the structure of the eye, the hollowness of the bones, the camel's stomach and the hedgehog's armour.
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  • Dupetit Thouars in the Biographie universelle; all these were collected under the title Memorials of Ray, and edited (with the addition of a complete catalogue of his works) by Dr Edwin Lankester, 8vo (Ray Society), 1846; Correspondence (with Willughby, Martin Lister, Dr Robinson, Petiver, Derham, Sir Hans Sloane and others), edited by Dr Derham, 1718; Selections, with additions, edited by Lankester (Ray Society), 1848.
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  • For accounts of Ray's system of classification, see Cuvier, Lecons hist.
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  • Some represent natural groups and had in several cases been already recognized by Ray and others, but the majority are, in the light of modern knowledge, very mixed.
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  • Ray Lankester (preface to the English edition of C. Gegenbaur's Comparative Anatomy), and employed by the same writer in the 9th edition of this encyclopaedia (article "Zoology") to denote the eighth phylum, or major division, of coelomate animals.
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  • The doom of the nation is pronounced; its fate is imminent; there is no ray of hope for the existing constitution of religion and society.
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  • Many other forms of heliostats have been designed, the chief difference consisting in the mechanical devices for maintaining the constant direction of the reflecting ray.
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  • The figures given are the partial dispersions for ordinary crown and ordinary extra dense flint glasses, styled in Messrs Schott's catalogue of optical glasses as o 60 and 0.102 respectively, having refractive indices of 1 5179 and 1.6489 for the D ray respectively, and (µ D -I)/(l F -µc) =60 2 and 33.8 respectively to indicate their dispersive powers (inverted), = v.
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  • In his Natural Theology Paley has adapted with consummate skill the argument which Ray (1691) and Derham (1711) and Nieuwentyt 1 (1730) had already made familiar to Englishmen.
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  • The back of the body is occupied by a crest, called the dorsal fin, consisting of a hollow ridge, the cavity of which is divided into about 250 compartments or fin chambers, into each of which, with the exception of those near the anterior and posterior end of the body, projects a stout pillar composed of characteristic laminar tissue, the fin ray.
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  • Bismarck afterwards said that this speech of Bebel's was a "ray of light," showing him that Socialism was an enemy to be fought against and crushed; and in 1872 Bebel was accused in Brunswick of preparation for high treason, and condemned to two years' imprisonment in a fortress, and, for insulting the German emperor, to nine months' ordinary imprisonment.
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  • The uniform gloom of this, the most dirge-like of all the pieces, is unrelieved by a single ray of hope, even the hope of vengeance; cf.
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  • The needle in its normal position is symmetrically placed with regard to the quadrants, and carries a mirror by means of which its displacement can be observed in the usual manner by reflecting the ray of light from it.
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  • Naming the central ray passing through the entrance pupil the " axis of the pencil " or " principal ray," we can say: the rays of the pencil intersect, not in one point, but in two focal lines, which we can assume to be at right angles to the principal ray; of these, one lies in the plane containing the principal ray and FIG.
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  • The interval O'O", termed the astigmatic difference, increases, in general, with the angle W made by the principal ray OP with the axis of the system, i.e.
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  • The course of the rays in the meridional section is no longer symmetrical to the principal ray of the pencil; and on an intercepting plane there appears, instead of a luminous point, a patch of light, not symmetrical about a point, and often exhibiting a resemblance to a comet having its tail directed towards or away from the axis.
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  • This ray, named by Abbe a " principal ray " (not to be confused with the " principal rays " of the Gaussian theory), passes through the centre of the entrance pupil before the first refraction, and the centre of the exit pupil after the last refraction.
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  • Similarly the corresponding image ray may be defined by the points (t', i'), and (x', y'), in the planes I' and II'.
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  • He solved the problem of finding the point in a convex mirror at which a ray coming from one given point shall be reflected to another given point.
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  • 1 AQP be the reflecting circle Caustics having C as centre, P the luminous point, and PQ any incident ray, and we join CQ, it follows, by the law of the b efiection.
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  • The troops having rendezvoused during the summer (of 1758) at Ray's Town (now Bedford, Pennsylvania), and at Loyalhanna creek (now in Westmoreland county), about 50 m.
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  • In the article Refraction it is shown that a ray of light traversing a homogeneous medium is deviated from its rectilinear path when it enters a medium of different refractive index; it is therefore readily seen that the path of a ray through continuously varying media is necessarily curvilinear, being compounded of an infinite number of infinitesimally small rectilinear deviations.
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  • In a radial section of a pine stem each ray is seen to consist in the median part of a few rows of parenchymatous cells with large oval simple pits in their walls, accompanied above and below by horizontal tracheids with bordered pits.
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  • A ray of plane-polarized light traversing a right-handed crystal of quartz in the direction of the triad axis has its plane of polarization rotated to the right, while a left-handed crystal rotates it to the left.
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  • But if there is a region, say from r to r" throughout which rµ decreases as r increases, any ray which cuts the outer envelope r at an acute angle will cut the inner one r" also, and can be traced still further inwards before the angle i amounts to 90°.
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  • Franklin has a public library (housed in the Ray memorial building and containing 7700 volumes in 1910) and is the seat of Dean Academy (Universalist; founded in 1865), a secondary school for boys and girls.
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  • At the base of every system of astronomical observation is the law that, in the voids of space, a ray of light moves in a right line.
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  • If the point P is so adjusted over the quicksilver that the ray is reflected back Z 0 0 FIG.
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  • The zenith-distance of an object is the angle which the ray of light from it makes with the vertical direction thus defined.
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  • But this is not the true direction, because the ray of light from the object undergoes refraction in passing through the atmosphere.
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  • C. Kapteyn at Groningen on plates taken by C. Ray Woods at the Cape observatory.
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  • He mapped 324, chose out nine, which he designated by the letters of the alphabet, to be standards of measurement for the rest, and ascertained the coincidence in position between the double yellow ray derived from the flame of burning sodium and the pair of dark lines named by him " D " in the solar spectrum.
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  • The Indian eclipse of the 18th of August 1868 supplied knowledge of their spectrum, found to include the yellow ray of an exotic gas named by Sir Norman Lockyer " helium."
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  • The pictures were taken, in both cases, with only one quality of light, the violet ray of calcium, the remaining superfluous beams being eliminated by the agency of a double slit.
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  • There is, however, a marked difference between this magnetic rotation and that of a structurally active medium, for in the latter it is always right-handed or always left-handed with respect to the direction of the ray, while in the former the sense of rotation is determined by the direction of magnetization and therefore remains the same though the ray be reversed.
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  • A temporary settlement was made on or near the site of the present borough about 1750 by an Indian trader named Ray, and for a few years the place was known as Raystown; the present name was adopted not later than 1759.
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  • - Ray transfocused for; and all points in it are mission in compound sharply portrayed (a perfect objective microscope with a negabeing assumed).
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  • We can now understand the ray transmission in the compound microscope, shown in fig.
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  • It is a similar phenomenon to that which arises when a ray of sunlight falls into a darkened room.
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  • Every ray is divided into a reflected and a refracted portion on the front side of a parallel plate.
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  • By the supplementary use of one of Wenham's prisms every ray is analysed into a more powerful refracted and a weaker reflected one.
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  • Abbe, through the so-called delicate ray transmission, suggested a way by which the quality of the images of objectives can be observed.
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  • The ray transmission, shown in fig.
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  • By means of an attached mirror and reflected ray of light the motion of the movable system can be indicated on a screen.
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  • This ray is also given a periodic motion of the same frequency by reflection from a separate oscillating mirror so as to make the two motions at right angles to one another, and thus we have depicted on the screen a bright line having the same form as the periodic current being tested.
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  • A ray of light is reflected from this mirror and from another mirror which is rocked by a small motor driven off the same circuit, so that the ray has two vibratory motions imparted to it at right angles, one a simple harmonic motion and the other a motion imitating the variation of the current or electromotive force under test.
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  • This ray can be received on a screen or photographic plate, and thus the wave form of the current is recorded.
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  • Braun devised a form of cathode ray tube, consisting of a vacuum tube having a narrow tubular portion and a bulbous end.
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  • A cathode discharge is projected through two small holes in plates in the narrow part of the tube on a fluorescent screen at the end of the enlarged end, and the cathode ray or pencil depicts on it a small bright greenish patch of light.
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  • Her smile was like a ray of sunshine on a dreary day.
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  • In the early 1970s, Greg did a two year stint playing lead alto with the Ray Charles orchestra.
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  • Track Record UK involvement in VHE gamma ray astronomy dates to its inception.
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  • At last year I saw another music biopic, Ray.
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  • Ray's work who sent a donation for all projects to celebrate his 90th birthday.
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  • I was regularly bombarded with questions about the set-up and use of the Ray.
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  • An accompanying booklet includes Ray's sketches for the film.
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  • The group is part of the EU gamma ray burst network.
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  • Two delightful cameos form Ray Hopper are worthy of mention.
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  • At Sister Ray we offer quality limited edition signed as well as limited edition signed, and limited edition cd.
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  • One of the most distinctive characteristics of Ray's books, is the attention to detail.
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  • But the good clairvoyant will still see the other rays, albeit briefly overlaid by this dominant ray and its color.
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  • An X ray of the left shoulder confirmed a midshaft clavicle fracture.
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  • Don't get too comfy Ray, Magnus will be back.
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  • Joan clears Ray over the smuggling by saying that she personally searched him and found no contraband.
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  • The concepts of " underfocus " and " overfocus " are introduced via ray diagrams and beam convergence is defined.
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  • About the Author Ray Edwards is a master copywriter, published author and Internet Marketing Consultant.
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  • A deep dejection followed this phantom ray of hope.
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  • Ray Ferrier (Tom Cruise) is a divorced dockworker and less-than-perfect father.
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  • Few cod or whiting only dogfish and early ray.
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  • It is associated with relativistic electrons or cosmic ray electrons, so named because they travel at speeds comparable with that of light.
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  • Ray Wilson, 22, had pleaded guilty to aggravated vehicle taking, criminal damage and recklessly endangering the lives of 14 people.
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  • His assassin, James Earl Ray, is arrested in London, England, on 8 June and promptly extradited to the USA.
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  • The large ray florets have either three or four sepals only.
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  • Flowers in June, white flowers with few ray florets which age to pink.
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  • But the incoming cosmic ray flux, which would otherwise be isotropic, is shaped by the Earth's magnetic field.
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  • It is an exclusive fountain pen made of a fascinating material called Galuchat - sting ray ' leather ' .
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  • Ray Tucker of Zeneca Agrochemicals gave a useful presentation on their new strobilurin fungicide to staff in October.
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  • Customs officers use large-scale gamma ray and x-ray imaging systems to safely and efficiently screen conveyances for contraband, including weapons of mass destruction.
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  • Gamma Ray Astronomy Primary cosmic gamma ray Astronomy Primary cosmic gamma rays (300 GeV) are studied using the atmospheric Cerenkov radiation technique.
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  • His castle was guarded by flying gargoyles, and the crypt entrance was protected by animated skeletons (think Ray Harryhausen ).
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  • I saw Ray Charles at the Zenith and met the Stereophonics after a gig at an intimate venue in the rive gauche.
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  • We won 5-0 with Jimmy Robson bagging a hat trick whilst Trevor Meredith and Ray Pointer were both still on the scoresheet.
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  • Stephanie Ray went on to become, I believe, a school headmistress in her own right.
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  • John Ray, often considered the father of English natural history, has a dedicated gallery to his ground-breaking research in the 17th century.
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  • In a very hurried day your page was a ray of sunshine.
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  • This light signal is converted to electrons which are subsequently amplified before being used to modulate the intensity of a cathode ray tube display.
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  • The process, which uses gamma ray irradiation, kills bacteria, increasing the food products ' shelf life.
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  • A broken Ray Finch jug, a large stoneware jug by Ray Finch, made in 1996.
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  • British lawman Stanley (Ray Winstone) captures bushrangers Charlie and Mike Burns (Guy Pearce and Richard Wilson ).
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  • Chest x- ray may show signs of nodules or hilar lymphadenopathy.
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  • Example of using texture mapping to mimic ray tracing.
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  • Ray Liotta, who for some reason has far too much mascara on, brings his strong presence to the film.
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  • My darling you were my soul mate, my spirit, my ray of sunshine.
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  • Mallory pretends to co-operate with the crime syndicate so that he has time to build a death ray and kill the mobsters.
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  • Ray, 58, was chasing two muggers who had stolen his female friends ' handbag when they fired.
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  • This week he's playing Billy Ray Cyrus and showcasing the dodgiest mullet of our times.
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  • The spark chamber shows clearly the tracks of charged particles - in this case, mainly cosmic ray muons from outer space.
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  • The implications for high energy neutrino, gamma ray and cosmic ray production in GRB and AGN jets are discussed.
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  • Ray's mastery turned a starkly conventional plot into a subtly nuanced story which topped the Bengali box office for months.
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  • He had the idea in 1916 of using cathode ray oscilloscopes to do this, but this did not come to fruition until 1923.
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  • What begins as a single gamma ray photon in the sun's core emerges at the surface as thousands of visible-light photons.
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  • Ray learned to fly gliders at Usworth Aerodrome some time later and gained his glider pilot 's license at the age of 16.
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  • This action was brought by the plaintiffs against Messrs Ray, late of Clare, bankers.
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  • A chest X ray showed an apical pneumothorax on the left side with inferior displacement of the distal fracture segment.
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  • The Dawkins Ray wasn't on track for as long as it should have been; first Mason, then Radford scored maiden podiums.
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  • The colored rays of light entered this second prism and a single ray of white light emerged.
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  • Gamma ray A quantity of electro-magnetic energy without mass or charge emitted by a radionuclide.
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  • There, in the distance, was an eagle ray.
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  • Ray Lashley, Bristol, UK PAPER MONITOR TUESDAY 27 JUNE 1030 BST A service highlighting the riches of the daily press.
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  • Quot boasts a says their you seinfeld ray Romano.
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  • Ray Hepburn Cleaning News There are a couple of vacancies on our church cleaning rota.
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  • Three months after buying alto sax, first live appearance playing a version of Sister Ray.
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  • Then, as we ascended, we ran into a manta ray, and I even found a thresher shark.
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  • The Captain of the Guard (Ray Pascoe) and Lilly Bakewell (Jimmy Ellis) provided the slapstick in an hilarious fashion.
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  • The ' Ray ' star revealed that daily love making is the best way to stay slim.
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  • Late in 2004, founding guitarist Andy Powell, bassist Bob Skeat and drummer Ray Weston were joined by Finnish guitar slinger Muddy Manninen.
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  • Examples might include distant supernova or gamma ray bursts.
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  • Scottish full back Ray Stewart was the regular penalty taker for which team for much of the 1980s?
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  • She and Ray Gosling begin work on calf thymus DNA samples given to Wilkins by Rudolf Singer in May 1950.
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  • Try telling that to the good townsfolk or to Ray Soames ' family.
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  • The ray tracer will be launched several times passing each time a number that selects the image in the sequence to be produced.
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  • In ray tracings, lenses are always reduced to simple lines, which I've marked L in the drawings.
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  • The late Ray Walker was commissioned to cover Army Recruitment in 1981 and produced a powerful triptych with pointed references to Northern Ireland.
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  • The PPI image from a high intensity cathode ray tube was projected on to the film through a focusing lens.
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  • Anglers who fish the beach area on a regular basis report taking the occasional thornback ray and also a few decent-sized turbot.
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  • He would have to be a little wacky, unlike Oswald, Ruby or Ray.
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  • Two TSSA members defied the whip - Ray Gunter, who resigned from the Parliamentary Labor Party 32 and Tom Bradley.
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  • Self-taught sailor of small physical stature who holds world solo yachting records Ray Charles.
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  • The disturbance, consisting of transverse vibrations, is propagated outwards in all directions from the centre; and, in consequence of the symmetry, the direction of vibration in any ray lies in the plane containing the ray and the axis of symmetry; that is to say, the direction of vibration in the scattered or diffracted ray makes with the direction of vibration in the incident or primary ray the least possible angle.
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  • The symmetry also requires that the intensity of the scattered light should vanish for the ray which would be propagated along the axis; for there is nothing to distinguish one direction transverse to the ray from another.
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  • Suppose, for distinctness of statement, that the primary ray is vertical, and that the plane of vibration is that of the meridian.
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  • The intensity of the light scattered by a small particle is constant, and a maximum, for rays which lie in the vertical plane running east and west, while there is no scattered ray along the north and south line.
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  • If the primary ray is unpolarized, the light scattered north and south is entirely due to that component which vibrates east and west, and is therefore perfectly polarized, the direction of its vibration being also east and west.
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  • Similarly any other ray scattered horizontally is perfectly polarized, and the vibration is performed in the horizontal plane.
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  • It is easily seen to be about an axis perpendicular to the scattered ray (x, y, z), inasmuch as _ _ x&Ji+y02+z03 Let us consider the more special case of a ray scattered normally to the incident ray, so that x=o.
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  • We have 62=W12+W22+032=P2 (N) 2 Y 2+P2 (A I - 3) 2 If AN, AD be both finite, we learn from (7) that there is no direction perpendicular to the primary (polarized) ray in which the secondary light vanishes.
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  • So far as (7) is concerned the alternative supposition that AD vanishes would answer equally well, if we suppose the vibrations to be executed in the plane of polarization; but let us now revert to (5), which gives w 3 = _ PAN y z - = + PAN xy _ PAN z 2 - x2 8 N r 2 N r2' W 2 + N r2 (8) from 0 along which there is no scattered light, - two along the axis According to these equations there would be, in all, six directions of y normal to the original ray, and four (y z = =x) at angles of 45° with that ray.
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  • On the electric theory, now generally not small, the scattered ray depends upon the shape and not merely upon the volume of the small obstacle.
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  • In classifying methods of generation it is usual to make use of the sexual or non-sexual nature of the reproduction as a primary difference, but a more scientific classification is afforded by the distinction between tissue-cells After Allman, Gymnoblastic Hydroids, by permission of the Council of the Ray Society.
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  • The xylem parenchyma cells are connected, as are the medullary ray cells, with the tracheal elements by one-sided bordered pitsi.e.
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  • Where the primary bundles are farther apart, so that the primary rays are wider, the interfascicular cambium may form several fairly broad (principal) secondary rays in continuation of certain radial bands of the primary ray, and between these, wedges of secondary xylem and phloem: or, finally, secondary xylem and phloem may be formed by the whole circumference ot the cambium, fascicular and interfascicular alike, interrupted only by narrow secondary rays, which have no relation to the primary ones.
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  • Most of them are but luxuries, and there is some degree of truth in the remark of Andreas Wagner in his Report on the Progress of Zoology for 1843, drawn up for the Ray Society (p. 60), that they " are not adapted for the extension and promotion of science, but must inevitably, on account of their unnecessary costliness, constantly tend to reduce the number of naturalists who are able to avail themselves of them, and they thus enrich ornithology only to its ultimate injury."
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  • The method employed did not admit of the production of such high magnetizing forces, but was of special interest in that both B and I were measured optically-B by means of the rotation of a polarized ray inside a glass plate, as before described, and I by the rotation of a polarized ray reflected from the polished surface of the magnet ized metal (see " Ker.r's constant," Magneto-Optics).
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  • After Ray's death the progress of anatomical knowledge, and of the discovery and illustration of new forms of animal life from distant lands, continued with increasing vigour.
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  • Now the effect upon P of each element of the plane is proportional to its area; but it depends also upon the distance from P, and possibly upon the inclination of the secondary ray to the direction of vibration and to the wave-front.
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  • According to the undulatory theory the light cannot be regarded strictly as travelling along a ray; but the existence of an unobstructed ray implies that the system of Fresnel's zones can be commenced, and, if a large number of these zones are fully developed and do not terminate abruptly, the illumination is unaffected by the neighbourhood of obstacles.
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  • The limiting efficiency of the microscope is attained when the angular aperture amounts to 180°; and it is evident that a lateral displacement of the point under observation through -IX entails (at the old image) a phase-discrepancy B Q' of a whole period, one extreme ray FIG.
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  • If the ray be parallel to OX, and the direction of vibration parallel to OZ, we have E =o, 7 7 = o, while I is a function of x and t only.
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  • We thus see that the order of colours in the secondary bow is the reverse of that in the primary; the secondary is half as broad again (3°), and is much fainter, owing to the longer path of the ray in the drop, and the increased dispersion.
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  • Briefly, the chief fish of Japan are the bream (tai), the perch (suzuki), the mullet (bora), the rock-fish (hatatate), the grunter (oni-o-koze), the mackerel (saba), the sword-fish (tachi-uwo), the wrasse (kusabi), the haddock (tara), the flounder (karei), and its congeners the sole (hiranie) and the turbot (ishi-garei), the shad (namazu), the salmon (shake), the mash, the carp (koi), the funa, the gold fish (kzngyo), the gold carp (higoi), theloach (dojo), the herring (nishin) the iwashi (Clu pea melanosticta), the eel (unagi), the conger eel (anago), the coffer-fish (hako-uwo), the fugu (Tetrodon), the ai (Plecoglossus altivelis), the sayori (Heminamphus sayoni), the shark (same), the dogfish (maiiuka-zame), the ray (e), the sturgeon (chO-lame) and the maguro (Thynnus sibi).
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  • That is to say, the metre might be redetermined or restored as to its length within one ten-millionth part, by reference to, e.g., 1553163.5 wave-lengths of the red ray of the spectrum of cadmium, in air at 15° C. and 760 mm.
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  • 2 Ray's mistaking young birds of this kind obtained in the Isle of Man for the young of the coulterneb, now usually called "Puffin," has already been mentioned under that heading; and not only has his name Puffinus anglorum hence become attached to this species, commonly described in English books as the Manx puffin or Manx shearwater, but the barbarous word Puffinus has come into use for all birds thereto allied, forming a well-marked group of the family Procellariidae (see PETREL), distinguished chiefly by their elongated bill, and numbering some twenty species, if not more - the discrimination of which has taxed the ingenuity of ornithologists.
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  • Large Wimshurst multiple plate influence machines are often used instead of induction coils for exciting Röntgen ray tubes in medical work.
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  • After dividing plants into flowerless and flowering, Ray says, "Floriferas dividemus in Dicotyledones, quarum semina sata binis foliis anomalis, seminal ibus dictis, quae cotyledonorum usum praestant, e terra exeunt, vel in binos saltem lobos dividuntur, quamvis eos supra terrem foliorum specie non efferunt; et Monocotyledones, quae nec folic bina seminalia efferunt nec lobos binos condunt.
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  • The synonym "gray," given by Willughby and Ray, is doubtless derived from the general colour of the species, and has its analogue in the Icelandic Grdond, applied almost indifferently, or with some distinguishing epithet, to the female of any of the freshwater ducks, and especially to both sexes of the present, in which, as stated in the text, there is comparatively little conspicuous difference of plumage in drake and duck.
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  • But if there is a region, say from r to r" throughout which rµ decreases as r increases, any ray which cuts the outer envelope r at an acute angle will cut the inner one r" also, and can be traced still further inwards before the angle i amounts to 90°.
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  • But the dean saw a ray of hope out of those purblind old eyes of his.
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  • Instead, he 's settled on becoming the new Ray Davies, slotting a ragbag collection of characters into his innately personal songs.
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  • The flower heads are made up of lemon-yellow ray florets.
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  • Nearly all cathode ray tubes disposed of from domestic households end up in landfill.
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  • At last, a ray of sunshine finally arrived.
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  • Missing Ray - Oct 04 Nice place to play, big stage receptive audience.
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  • At each surface a ray splits into partially reflected and partially refracted rays.
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  • The noise which accompanied the flap of the netting behind him must still be reverberating round Ray Clemence 's head today.
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  • Quot boasts a says their you seinfeld ray romano.
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  • Starring starring marlon wayans as shorty, shawn wayans as ray, tim curry, chris elliot, kathleen robertson and tori spelling.
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  • Another case was that of an infant with situs inversus, with an unforgettable chest X ray.
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  • The assumption of charge independence is used to calculate production by cosmic ray neutrons using spallation cross sections for proton induced reactions.
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  • Despite spinning off on the first lap, Ray Armes rejoined the race to finish 17th.
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  • Gamma Ray Imaging Platform (GRIP) A balloon-borne gamma-ray telescope made by a group at the California Institute of Technology.
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  • The purses of the thornback ray are around 60mm long with pointed corners, rather than the sticky threads found in dogfish.
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  • In ray tracings, lenses are always reduced to simple lines, which I 've marked L in the drawings.
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  • Flanked by Ray of Light 's tried-and-true producer William Orbit and a French newcomer, DJ...
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  • The other talking point, for fans on the Grandstand side anyway, was the non-stop whinging and moaning of Tranmere boss Ray Mathias.
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  • Today I 've popped in for an x ray.
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  • Ray's doubts about Loren's loyalty continued to gnaw at him.
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  • You can find them from Baker's Secret, Chicago, Calphalon, Cuisinart, Norpro, Silicone Solutions, Wilton, Rachel Ray, and more.
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  • Before the technology for flat screen televisions became available to the public in the 1990's, all televisions operated by cathode ray tubes.
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  • The cathode ray tubes required the television to be as wide as it was long diagonally, which created televisions that were very bulky.
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  • The company was named Souleiado, which means "a ray of sun shining through the clouds after a rain."
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  • The song, from the maven's best-selling 1998 album Ray of Light, is a come-hither approach to the art of seduction, rife with memorable melodies and lyrics.
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  • Man Ray : An extremely influential artist of the Dada and Surrealism movements, Man Ray's photographic work was truly groundbreaking.
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  • A ray of hope shines through when a local errand boy begins to teach her to read.
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  • Billy Ray Cyrus' uber cute daughter Miley, has saturated the tween scene in record time.
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  • Miley Cyrus, who plays Hannah Montana on the Disney Channel, is the daughter of Billy Ray Cyrus.
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  • Trish managed a host of other WWE Superstars, including Kurt Angle, Bubba Ray Dudley, Jeff Hardy, Chris Jericho, Test, Val Venis, and Viscera.
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  • She is the daughter of country singer Billy Ray Cyrus and goddaughter of Dolly Parton.
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  • Depp co-owns a Paris restaurant/club, called Man Ray, with Sean Penn and John Malkovich.
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  • With her never-ending energy, catchy phrases, and penchant for fast, easy cooking, Rachael Ray has become a household name.
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  • While Ray has met her fair share of criticisms from gourmet foodies, she never loses momentum.
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  • Born August 25, 1968 in Cape Cod, Massachusetts, Rachael Domenica Ray practically grew up in the kitchen.
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  • Ray moved to Glens Falls, New York when she was in first grade.
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  • Ray has a younger brother named Emmanuel (Manny) and an older sister named Maria.
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  • Ray's first job out of college was at the candy counter at Macy's Marketplace.
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  • Rachael Ray married lawyer John Cusimano on September 24, 2005 in Tuscany, Italy.
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  • Ray has adopted her own abbreviated language that seems almost fitting for a show that caters to those who are short on time.
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  • Yum-o - According to Ray's website, this is a response to something that is beyond yum.
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  • G.B. - Ray calls this the abbreviation for "garbage bowl," a bowl used to collect scraps of fruits, vegetables and other trash created during cooking.
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  • Sammies - Ray's abbreviation for the word sandwiches.
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  • Ray's first show on the Food Network, 30 Minute Meals, earned much attention.
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  • Rachael Ray soon found her popularity earned her more gigs on the Food Network, including $40 a Day, Inside Dish, and Rachael Ray's Tasty Travels.
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  • Inside Dish allowed Ray to go head-to-head with celebrities and Tasty Travels took her to eating destinations across the country.
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  • Oprah Winfrey took a chance on Ray, helping her secure her own daytime talk show, The Rachael Ray Show.
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  • With the blend of celebrity interviews, cooking segments, and Ray's personality, it had the makings of great daytime television.
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  • Ray is no exception, churning out edition after edition of her 30 Minute collections.
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  • Taking it one step further, Ray also released a holiday CD in 2006.
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  • Ray has been the spokesperson for a variety of products, including Price Chopper stores and a sandwich for Burger King.
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  • Ray posed for the men's magazine FHM in 2003.
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  • Ray's 30 Minute Meals received an Emmy Award in 2006 for Outstanding Service Show.
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  • Ray appeared with Mario Batali on Iron Chef America, defeating the team of fellow Food Network hosts, Bobby Flay, and Giada De Laurentiis.
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  • Titled "Mad Ray," episode four took place at Norwich State Hospital.
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  • Rachael Ray, television host and author, was supposed to appear in the 2006 tournament, but did not play.
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  • Early in his career, Dane Cook took the leap from comedian to actor -- a gutsy move that helped skyrocket the livelihoods of fellow comedians Ray Romano, George Lopez and Denis Leary.
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  • Billy Ray Cyrus is most recently known for playing the dad on Disney's hit show Hannah Montana with his real life daughter, Miley Cyrus.
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  • Actor Ray Liotta hit two parked cars and was arrested on suspicion of DUI on February 18, 2007.
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  • Rachael Ray is making sure some grieving students smile again.
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  • Host of the syndicated show, The Rachael Ray Show, the Food Network personality said this was the right thing to do.
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  • Through her publicist Georgianna Dente, Ray, 38, said, "The students of Enterprise High are so courageous, given all that they've gone through.
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  • Ray coordinated donations for this event, which was taped for an episode of her talk show that will air April 30, 2007.
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  • Pop singer and actress Mandy Moore joined forces with Rachael Ray and performed three songs at the end of the prom, which had a theme of "Caught in the Moment."
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  • Kim Kardashian, pal of Paris Hilton, has been trying to keep her sex video with former boyfriend Ray J off shelves.
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  • This charge follows his arrest three days earlier in Marina Del Ray, California.
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  • Kanye and Donda's strong mother-son bond began when the future hip-hop star was around one year old after Kanye's father, Ray, left the home.
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  • Preliminary reports state that Dr. West died of complications from surgery at Centinela Marina Hospital in Marina Del Ray, California.
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  • Destiny Hope Cyrus, better known as Miley Cyrus and equally as well known as Hannah Montana, is the daughter of Billy Ray Cyrus (best known for his serious mullet and hit song Achy Breaky Heart) and Leticia Cyrus.
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  • For the most part, the Cyrus family shares the spotlight with Miley and Billy Ray, opting to stay out of it themselves, but Miley and Billy Ray are not the only stars in the Cyrus clan.
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  • She has appeared on Hannah Montana as well as dad Billy Ray's series Doc that ran on the PAX channel from 2001-2004.
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  • Played the role of Kylie on dad Billy Ray's show Doc.
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  • Even though she earns millions, dad Billy Ray gives her an allowance of $300 per month.
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  • Rachael Ray may be a wiz at concocting meals in 30 minutes, but the cook/talk show hostess/author apparently can't be bothered to leave more than a buck or two when it comes to tipping.
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  • In January 2007, Kardashian was thrown into the media spotlight after a 2004 sex video made with then-boyfriend Ray J, was leaked on the Internet.
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  • In 2007, fans were surprised to learn that a sex tape featuring socialite Kim Kardashian and her then-boyfriend Ray J had been leaked.
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  • The tape itself was recorded by Ray J and Kardashian, while they were on vacation in Cabo San Lucas, Mexico.
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  • Ray J told Tyra Banks on her talk show that the tape was created because they were "bored" and decided to do it for fun.
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  • Kardashian and Ray J sued Vivid Entertainment, claiming that they hadn't given permission for the video to be sold, and the case was settled before going to court.
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  • Brandy's brother, Ray J, took an interest in Kardashian, and the two were soon inseparable.
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  • Ray J is really William Raymond Norman Jr. He began a short-lived acting career when he was only eight years old, appearing in commercials.
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  • He owns his own independent record label, Knockout Entertainment.Ray J has also had his own reality television show, called For the Love of Ray J, which aired on VH1 in early 2009.
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  • Both Ray J and Kardashian were open and honest with the media about their video, addressing all of the questions that came their way.
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  • Ray J has said that the two of them spent some time together piecing all of the details regarding the leak, and that they knew who had done it.
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  • Eventually, the media hoopla died down and both Kardashian and Ray J have moved on with their lives.
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