METHODS: Patients with newly diagnosed high-grade gliomas received BCNU and cisplatin after surgery, both before and during definitive radiation therapy.
Other scientists have discovered why patients who undergo radiation therapy for brain, head or neck cancer suffer from some mental decline.
External or internal radiation therapy can often cause damage to the salivary glands, leading to a permanently dry mouth.
AB - Most patients with plasma cell tumors receive radiation therapy at some time during the course of their disease.
She followed the surgery with radiation therapy and was soon declared cancer free.
Chemotherapy may also make the body less tolerant of the side effects of other treatments such as radiation therapy.
If the leukemic cells have spread to the brain, radiation therapy can be given to the brain.
First, the patient's bone marrow is destroyed with very high doses of chemotherapy and radiation therapy.
The marrow remaining in the patient's body is destroyed with high-dose chemotherapy and radiation therapy.
It has long been known that Wilms' tumors respond to radiation therapy.
Stage I involves favorable Wilms' tumor cells and is usually treated successfully with combination chemotherapy involving dactinomycin and vincristine and without abdominal radiation therapy.
Stage III tumors with favorable histology are usually treated with a combination chemotherapy with doxorubicin, dactinomycin, and vincristine along with radiation therapy to the abdomen.
These patients usually receive abdominal radiation therapy and lung radiation therapy if the tumor has spread to the lungs.
These patients also receive lung radiation therapy if the tumor has spread to the lungs.
All of these patients receive abdominal radiation therapy and lung radiation therapy if the tumor has spread to the lungs.
Ovarian disorders: These disorders may include premature ovarian failure or may be the side effects of chemotherapy or radiation therapy for cancer.
Lomotil, another antidiarrheal medication, contains a synthetic opioid known as diphenoxylate; it is often recommended for treating cancer patients with diarrhea caused by radiation therapy.
External beam radiation therapy involves focusing a beam of radiation on the eye.
Photocoagulation therapy is often used in conjunction with radiation therapy but may be used alone to treat small tumors that are located on the back of the eye.
Thermotherapy is also often used in conjunction with radiation therapy or drug therapy (chemotherapy).
Cryotherapy is a treatment often used in conjunction with radiation therapy but can also be used alone on small tumors located on the front part of the retina.
Chemotherapy is sometimes used to shrink tumors prior to other treatments such as radiation therapy or brachytherapy.
If vision can be preserved in both eyes, radiation therapy of both eyes may be recommended.
Some centers may use chemotherapy in place of radiation therapy when the tumors are too large to be treated by local therapies or are found over the optic nerve of the eye.
Chemotherapy may be given before surgery or radiation therapy to shrink the tumor (neoadjuvant therapy).
Chemotherapy usually is given in addition to other cancer treatments, such as surgery and radiation therapy.
The Chemotherapy and Radiation Therapy Survivor's Guide, 2nd ed. Oakland, CA: New Harbinger Publications, 1998.
The marrow remaining in the patient's body is then destroyed with high dose chemotherapy and radiation therapy.
Low dose radiation therapy may be given to the whole body, or it may be used to alleviate the symptoms and discomfort due to an enlarged spleen and lymph nodes.
If the leukemic cells have spread to the brain, radiation therapy can be directed at the brain.
In cancer patients, treatment with radiation therapy or chemotherapy may affect the cells in the intestine that normally secrete lactase, leading to intolerance.
Some patients who cannot undergo surgery are treated with radiation therapy to the pituitary in an attempt to shrink the adenoma.
In some cases, hemorrhagic cystitis is a side effect of radiation therapy or treatment with cyclophosphamide.
Metastasis is very serious in MTC because chemotherapy and radiation therapy are not effective in controlling its spread.
Chemotherapy and radiation therapy can cause a number of side effects to the skin, predominantly an excess of dryness and sensitivity.
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