How to use Proposition in a sentence
I have entered into a significant proposition bet with a friend.
I do not accept the general proposition.
The proposition came in a tempting hour.
The "brand proposition" was for a more natural product for the target market of "chefs who aim to please."
The true proposition cannot be derived because of its popularity.Advertisement
Preparatory work on the franchise proposition is under way to facilitate the franchising process.
Last night a proposition was made me on your account and, as you know my principles, I refer it to you.
Each proposition of the decree is carefully tracked to its probable source, and is often found to modify the latter's meaning.
In either case the proposition must be ratified by popular vote at the next general election.
Senior living is not a one-size-fits-all proposition.Advertisement
By taking fixed conditions for the hypothesis of such a proposition a definite department of mathematics is marked out.
Buying birthday cards, thank-you notes, or party invitations can easily become an expensive proposition.
That branch of biology which is termed morphology is a commentary upon, and expansion of, the proposition that widely different animals or plants, and widely different parts of animals or plants, are constructed upon the same plan.
These designs are often perfect for engagement rings, however actually buying and wearing antique jewelry isn't always a practical or an attractive proposition.
But in spite of this great logical achievement, he continued throughout the discourse to accept Plato's grammatical analysis of all sentences into noun and verb, which indeed applies to the proposition as a sentence but does not give its particular elements.Advertisement
His central proposition was to the effect that Father, Son and Holy Spirit are the same person, three names thus being attached to one and the same being.
In Heraclitus the constant flux is a metaphysical notion replaced by the interchange of material elements which Chrysippus stated as a simple proposition of physics.
Where you learn to play Brazilian guitar chords isn't an either/or proposition.
The proposition that our knowledge of nature necessarily begins with observation and experience, is common to Bacon and many contemporary reformers of science, but he laid peculiar stress upon it, and gave it a new meaning.
Bacon did not understand by induction the argument from particulars to a general proposition; he looked upon the exclusion and rejection, or upon elimination, as the essence of induction.Advertisement
Procrastination is the attribute of all Persians, to-morrow being ever the answer to any proposition, and the to-morrow means indefinite delay.
The fundamental doctrine of this work is that, on the hypothesis of free competition, exchange value is determined by the labour expended in production, - a proposition not new, nor, except with considerable limitation and explanation, true, and of little practical use, as "amount of labour" is a vague expression, and the thing intended is incapable of exact estimation.
For the second of these propositions there is no evidence, while the first proposition is now everywhere discredited.
Sometimes it is said that the territory of the vassal state forms part of the territory of the suzerain; a proposition which is true for some purposes, but not for all.
The courts, however, declared that the clause in the constitution of New Jersey was a " general proposition," not applying " to man in his private, industrial or domestic capacity."Advertisement
In the 1 96th proposition of his work (De motu animalium, Leiden, 1685) he states that " If the expanded wings of a bird suspended in the air shall strike the undisturbed air beneath it with a motion perpendicular to the horizon, the bird will fly with a transverse motion in a plane parallel with the horizon."
The irritation of the powers at the unexpected delay was so great that Great Britain proposed a collective note on the subject, to be executed by the Austrian cabinet; while Prince Bismarck threatened, if the Berlin proposition were not carried out, to refer to the suzerain power at.
In making the proposition he stated that his objects were " to promote the union of the empire, and at the same time to obtain revenue for the purposes of general defence."
I have considered how best to compose the present dispute, and I think it may be done by the inclosed scholium to the fourth proposition."
In contrast to them the way of truth starts from the proposition that " the Ent is, the Nonent is not."Advertisement
The same author also discusses the proposition from another standpoint, namely, the condition of the earth's surface in Cretaceous times.
The eight forms of proposition adopted by De Morgan as the basis of his system partially differ from those which Hamilton derived from the quantified predicate.
This doubt found expression in the reasoned scepticism of Gorgias, and produced the famous proposition of Protagoras, that human apprehension is the only standard of existence.
It is true that Locke is not particularly concerned with the ethico-theological proposition which Clarke is most anxious to maintain, - that the fundamental rules of morality are independent of arbitrary will, whether divine or human.
What he really means is less paradoxically stated in the general proposition that " originally and in reality it is natural and (morally speaking) necessary that the will should be determined in every action by the reason of the thing and the right of the case,"` as it is natural and (absolutely speaking) necessary that the understanding should submit to a demonstrated truth."Advertisement
Wollaston's theory of moral evil as consisting in the practical contradiction of a true proposition, closely resembles the most paradoxical part of Clarke's doctrine, and was not likely to approve itself to the strong common sense of Butler; but his statement of happiness or pleasure as a " justly desirable " end at which every rational being " ought " to aim corresponds exactly to Butler's conception of self-love as a naturally governing impulse; while' the " moral arithmetic " with which he compares pleasures and pains, and endeavours to make the notion of happiness quantitatively precise, is an anticipation of Benthamism.
When, however, we look closer, we find that the principle of order, or obedience to government, is not seriously intended to imply the political absolutism which it seems to express, and which English common sense emphatically repudiates; while the formula of justice is given in the tautological or perfectly indefinite proposition " that every man ought to have his own."
If we ask what precisely are the ends of reason, Kant's proposition that " all rational beings as such are ends in themselves for every rational being " hardly gives a clear answer.
The proper share of each in bringing about this memorable result is not easy to apportion, since they freely imparted and profited by one another's advances and improvements; it need only be said that the fundamental proposition of the invariability of the planetary major axes laid down with restrictions by Laplace in 1773, was finally established by Lagrange in 1776; while Laplace in 1784 proved the subsistence of such a relation between the eccentricities of the planetary orbits on the one hand, and their inclinations on the other, that an increase of either element could, in any single case, proceed only to a very small extent.
From its primary sense are derived such applications of the word as a chain of reasoning, a fact or reason given to support a proposition, a discussion of the evidence or reasons for or against some theory or proposition and the like.Advertisement
He holds that the true method of research is the analytic, rising from lower to higher notions; yet he sees clearly, and admits, that inductive reasoning, as conceived by Bacon, rests on a general proposition not itself proved by induction.
The legislature is forbidden to create any further debt except for the ordimary current business of the state, unless the proposition he submitted to the voters of the state and approved by a two-thirds majority.
The proposition was rejected (November 17), but Louis-Napoleon saw that it was time to act.
A modification in this proposition which may hereafter be accepted involves an extension of our ideas of temperature, and leads us to regard the interior heat of the heavenly bodies as due to a form of molecular activity similar to that of which radium affords so remarkable an instance.
The conclusion is an artificial proposition which would be stated naturally in the converse.Advertisement
Hypothetical " Syllogisms " are those in which one premise is a hypothetical proposition, the other a categorical.
The distinction is of greater importance than would appear when one realizes how obvious the facts really are, and in practice it happens frequently that speakers claim with success to disprove a proposition by disproving the fact alleged in support of it, or to establish a hypothesis by showing that facts agree with its consequences.
In Newton's method, two angles of constant magnitude are caused to revolve about their vertices which are fixed in position, in such a manner that the intersection of two limbs moves along a fixed straight line; then the two remaining limbs envelop a conic. Maclaurin's method, published in his Geometria organica (1719), is based on the proposition that the locus of the vertex of a triangle, the sides of which pass through three fixed points, and the base angles move along two fixed lines, is a conic section.
The proposition to call a convention to vote on the question of secession was voted down on the 9th of February 1861, but after President Lincoln's call for troops the legislature submitted the question of secession directly to the people, and meanwhile, on the 7th of May 1861, entered into a " Military League " with the Confederacy.
Proposition 2.6 let a n l as n and assume also that a n m as n.Advertisement
In gas we seek to defend our market position through focusing on customer service and a value proposition rather than acquiring market share.
Its basic proposition is that neural events are effects of wholly neural or other bodily causal sequences.
Especially uncertain is whether universal schooling for girls is a feasible proposition in strongly patriarchal settings.
When the speakers make a practice of asserting the proposition under these conditions, they become the proposition's truth conditions.
We cannot believe a proposition which we know to be untrue.
Provided the resource is there, community hydro projects can also be a viable proposition.
For some, setting up a home office or working from home is an attractive proposition.
A business that has a well-rounded and established management team is a less risky proposition to a purchaser.
Are spinouts a realistic proposition for the plant sciences in today's environment?
For both gas sufferers and those near and dear to them, this passive control device offers a win-win proposition.
Come up with a unique selling proposition that compels people to link to your site.
We treat our clients well, working with them for the long term to get better results for their business proposition online.
Its extreme expression is represented by the proposition being considered in California to deny schooling to the children of illegals.
The CPGB was equally scornful of the proposition that the ILP would rapidly become the instrument of socialist change.
Unlike a, this proposition is not self-referential; it refers instead to a.
This fact makes programming with vectors a quite distinct proposition from programming with lists, which are purely sequential access.
A new aetiological proposition emerges from the isolation of the new conceptual operator of infantile sexuality and the castration complex.
Climbing down from the big stalagmite was a far stickier proposition than getting to the top.
With several grunts he was up and we were left with the proposition of emulating this apparently supernatural feat from our alpine mentor.
Others, while recognizing the supreme authority of the papal magisterium in matters of doctrine, confine the infallibility to those cases alone in which the pope chooses to make use of it, and declares positively that he is imposing on all the faithful the obligation of belief in a certain definite proposition, under pain of heresy and exclusion from the Church; they do not insist on any special form, but only require that the pope should clearly manifest his will to the Church.
All along mathematics was regarded by Descartes rather as the envelope than the foundation of his method; and the " universal mathematical science " which he sought after was only the prelude of a universal science of all-embracing character.2 The method of Descartes rests upon the proposition that all the objects of our knowledge fall into series, of which the members are more or less known by means of one another.
The theological virtues are founded on faith, in opposition to the natural, which are founded on reason; and as faith with Aquinas is always belief in a proposition, not trust in a personal Saviour, conformably with his idea that revelation is a new knowledge rather than a new life, the relation of unbelief to virtue is very strictly and narrowly laid down and enforced.
Not demonstrable as a theoretical proposition, the immortality of the soul " is an inseparable result of an unconditional a priori practical law."
By 1907 altogether 59 local authorities had examined the proposition of establishing telephone systems after 1899, and licences were granted to local authorities at Brighton, Belfast, Chard, Glasgow, Grantham, Huddersfield, Hull, Portsmouth, Swansea, Tunbridge Wells, Oldham, Scarborough and Hartle - pool, but only six municipalities proceeded with the business.
The general proposition as to a parallelism between individual and ancestral development is no doubt indisputable, but extended knowledge of the very different ontogenetic histories of closely allied forms has led us to a much fuller conception of the mode in which stages in embryonic and larval history have been modified in relation to their surroundings, and to a consequent reluctance to attach detailed importance to the embryological argument for evolution.
He claims originality for his theory that the moral evil is the practical denial of a true proposition and moral good the affirmation of it (see Ethics).
The converse proposition, that persons efficiently protected from mosquito bites escape malaria, has been made the subject of several remarkable experiments.
In the same way the doctrines of the classical economists may be adapted by interpretation clauses and qualifications the exact force of which cannot be tested or explained, so that we do not know whether the original proposition is to be considered substantially correct or not.
Such a doctrine is the so-called Law of Diminishing Returns, which Mill considered " the most important proposition in Political Economy."
And Salvian treats the proposition "coloni divitum fiunt " as equivalent to " vertuntur in servos."
Consider an incomplete proposition, incomplete in the sense that some entity which ought to be involved in it is represented by an undetermined x, which may stand for any entity.
The proposition Deus non factus est aliquid secundum quod est homo was condemned by a synod of Tours in 1163 and again by the Lateran synod of 1179, but Adoptianism continued all through the middle ages to be a source of theological dispute.
A leading proposition states that, if an invariant of Xax and i ubi be considered as a form in the variables X and, u, and an invariant of the latter be taken, the result will be a combinant of cif and b1'.
Maury describes all the divisions of which a good sermon should consist - an exordium, a proposition, a section, a confirmation in two or more points, a peroration; and he holds that a sermon on morals should have but two points, while one on the Passion must have three.
From every proposition in this algebra a reciprocal one may be deduced by interchanging + and X, and also the symbols o and i.
This last clause prepares us to find him shifting his position still farther at the council of Causey, where he advances the proposition that John XV.
Torricelli, observing that in a jet where the water rushed through a small ajutage it rose to nearly the same height with the reservoir from which it was supplied, imagined that it ought to move with the same velocity as if it had fallen through that height by the force of gravity, and hence he deduced the proposition that the velocities of liquids are as the square root of the head, apart from the resistance of the air and the friction of the orifice.
Dubuat, therefore, assumed it as a proposition of fundamental importance that, when water flows in any channel or bed, the accelerating force which obliges it to move is equal to the sum of all the resistances which it meets with, whether they arise from its own viscosity or from the friction of its bed.
About 1840 he was engaged in experiments by which he sought to prove that "carbon in certain states of combination is susceptible of conversion into silicon," and his failure to establish this proposition had much to do with his want of success as a candidate for the chair of chemistry at Edinburgh in 1843.
Peru proposed that only Peruvian residents should be entitled to take part in a popular vote; Chile rejected this proposition, on the ground that all residents in the territories in q uestion should have a voice in the final decision.
He committed himself to the proposition that France was the natural enemy of Great Britain, a saying often quoted against him in coming years.
For the proof of the converse proposition we must refer the reader to the Electrical Researches of Cavendish, p. 419, or to Maxwell's Treatise on Electricity and Magnetism, 2nd ed., vol.
His work won such approval that in the year 445 B.C., on the proposition of a certain Anytus, he was voted a sum of ten talents (2400) by decree of the people.
The proper statement is that, if a and b are the sides, the area is equal to the area of a rectangle whose sides are a and tb; this being, in fact, a particular case of the proposition that the area of a trapezium is equal to the area of a rectangle whose sides are its breadth and the arithmetic mean of the lengths of the two parallel sides.
The proposition can then be established for a prismoid generally by the method of § 27 (iv).
Another proposition on which Say insists is that every value is consumed and is created only to be consumed.
In 1895 the volksraad passed a resolution, in which they declared their readiness to entertain a proposition from the Transvaal in favour of some form of federal union.
The result of this conference was a secret session of the Transvaal volksraad and the proposition of a secret treaty with the Free State, by which each state should bind itself not to build railways to its frontier without the consent of the other, the eastern and northern frontiers of the Transvaal being excepted.
This proposition is the basis of the "great circle sailing" of navigators, and the arc of the great circle is called the "rhumbline" or "loxodromic curve."
The external forces on a frame or bridge in equilibrium under those forces may, by a well-known proposition in statics, be represented by a closed polygon, each side of which is parallel to one force, and represents the force in magnitude as well as in direction.
A proposition to divide the territory into two states at the fortysixth parallel was sanctioned by popular vote in the election of November 1887.
Rectification and quadrature of the circle have thus been, since the time of Archimedes at least, practically identical problems. Again, since the circumferences of circles are proportional to their diameters - a proposition assumed to be true from the dawn almost of practical geometry - the rectification of the circle is seen to be transformable into finding the ratio of the circumference to the diameter.
The first part of the work confines itself strictly to noun and verb, or the form of proposition called secundi adjacentis.
In the De interpretatione, having distinguished the enunciation, or proposition, from other sentences as that in which there is truth or falsity, he relegated the rest to rhetoric or poetry, and founded the logic of the proposition, in which, however, he retained the grammatical analysis into noun and verb.
The proof of this proposition is to be obtained chiefly by comparing the grammatical formation and the syntax of Homer with those of Attic. The comparison of the vocabulary is in the nature of things less conclusive on the question of date.
His speeches were characterized by skill of statement, ingenious grouping of facts, fervent diction, and ardent patriotism; sometimes by biting sarcasm, but also by superficial research, half-knowledge and an unwillingness to reason a proposition to its logical results.
Not a few other technical terms of Greek philosophic asceticism, used in the first instance by Cynics and Neo-pythagoreans, and then continued among the Greek Jews and Christians, were metaphors taken from athletic contests - but only metaphors, for all asceticism, worthy of the name, has a moral purport, and is based on the eternal contrast of the proposition, "This is right," with the proposition, "That is pleasant."
Disjunctive " Syllogisms" are those in which one premise is a disjunctive proposition, the other a categorical proposition which states or denies one of the two alternatives set forth.
Avicenna's view of the universal may be compared with that of Abelard, which calls it " that whose nature it is to be predicated of several," as if the generality became explicit only in the act of predication, in the sermo or proposition, and not in the abstract, unrelated form or essence.
Moreover, they are tough to recruit into a risky proposition.
The argument We start from the self-evident proposition that teaching and learning have to be interactive.
Is there anywhere a member who did not secretly snicker up his sleeve at this ridiculous proposition?
Thus the toothpaste manufacturer might actually be able to develop a product, a proposition and a branding that only appeals to young clubbers.
Develop an understanding of what drives lapse Ã¢ informs your customer proposition.
His Lordship said that the proposition was wholly unfounded in fact.
Flashbacks bring back both the transient joy and the lasting pain unleashed when Marianne responded to a seemingly casual proposition.
Contrary to expectation, a shop in town is not a financially viable proposition.
Price comparison sites may seem a win-win proposition for customers, yet they have their critics.
Future modifications and the use of elastic made a workable proposition but limited the turning circle.
Also, if your child complains of physical pain during the process or is overly emotionally distraught over the whole proposition, there might be other underlying causes that need investigation.
It seems like a simple proposition, but there's a lot to think about, no matter which side of the sign you're standing on.
Although it may seem a bit prejudicial, it is a far better proposition to give a free kitten to a home owner, rather than someone who tells you they are renting.
According to the Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment, silica had been classified under California's Proposition 65 as a material that is known to cause cancer.
On the one hand, assuming the quartic to have the form 4xix 2, we find i=j=o, and on the other hand, assuming i=j=o, we find that the quartic must have the form a o xi+4a 1 xix 2 which proves the proposition.
This last proviso, however, as we shall see, takes away almost all practical importance from the proposition.
This view prevailed, and the Fourteenth Amendment to the Constitution was substantially Blaine's proposition.
This proves the proposition.
The most fundamental experimental confirmation that the theory of the aether has received on the optical side in recent years has been the verification of Maxwell's proposition that radiation exerts mechanical force on a material system, on which it falls, which may be represented in all cases as the resultant of pressures operating along the rays, and of intensity equal at each point of free space to the density of radiant energy.
This at once led to an explosion, and at the diet of Piotrkow, 1J52, the szlachta accepted a proposition of the king, by way of compromise, that the jurisdiction of the clerical courts should be suspended for twelve months, on condition that the gentry continued to pay tithes as heretofore.
Dollinger, however, voted against the proposition, and withdrew from any further steps towards the promotion of the movement.
The proposition holds, in its general sense, for sea plants likewise.
In 1783 a convention of delegates from all the volunteer corps in Ireland assembled in Dublin for the purpose of procuring a reform in parliament; but the House of Commons refused to entertain the proposition, and the convention separated without coming to any practical result.
At the instance of the emperor Justinian he adopted the proposition unus de Trinitate passus est in carne as a test of the orthodoxy of certain Scythian monks accused of Nestorian tendencies.
To compare it on this score with the fundamental proposition of Archimedes, the latter must be put into a form similar to Snell's.
The categories then are names signifying things capable of becoming predicates in a proposition.
In other words, to him subject meant real as well as nominal subject, and predicate meant real as well as nominal predicate; whereas modern logic has gradually reduced both to the nominal terms of a proposition.
Here Aristotle, starting from the previous grammar of sentences in general, proceeded, for the first time in philosophical literature, to disengage the logic of the proposition, or that sentence which can alone be true or false, whereby it alone enters into reasoning.
How then did Aristotle get further in the logical analysis of the proposition?
It is not necessary in every proposition, but it is necessary in the arrangement of a syllogism, to extricate the terms of its propositions from the copula; e.g.
We cannot write a history of the varied origin of logic, beyond putting the rudimentary logic of the proposition in the De Interpretatione before the less rudimentary theory of categories as significant names capable of becoming predicates in the Categories, and before the maturer analysis of the syllogism in the Analytics.
Whether this phase is that of the morning sun or of the springtime with which beneficent qualities are associated, or that of the noonday sun or of the summer solstice, bringing suffering and destruction in its wake, is still a matter of dispute, with the evidence on the whole in favour of the former proposition.
The acceptance of the proposition to call the convention and the election of many conscientious and intelligent delegates were largely due to the influence of ex-Governor Brown, who was strongly convinced that the wisest course for the South was to accept quickly what Congress had offered.
Sunt Cogitationes has been regarded by thinkers who profess themselves Berkeleians as the one proposition warranted by consciousness; the empiricism of his philosophy has been eagerly welcomed, while the spiritual intuition, without which the whole is to Berkeley meaningless, has been cast aside.
Proposition 30 describes the construction of a curve of double curvature called by Pappus the helix on a sphere; it is described by a point moving uniformly along the arc of a great circle, which itself turns about its diameter uniformly, the point describing a quadrant and the great circle a complete revolution in the same time.
Proposition 14 shows how to draw an ellipse through five given points, and Prop. 15 gives a simple construction for the axes of an ellipse when a pair of conjugate diameters are given.
It is true that as much might be inferred from Persons the testimony of the romance writers; historical empowered evidence, however, tends to limit the proposition, and to confer the sounder conclusion appears to be, as Sir Harris Knighthood.
The pope, who wanted more time for his devotions, offered to leave three cardinals in charge of affairs; but his proposition was rejected.
The first desideratum here mentioned - the want, namely, of an accurate statement of the relation between the increase of population and food - Malthus doubtless supposed to have been supplied by the celebrated proposition that "population increases in a geometrical, food in an arithmetical ratio."
This proposition, however, has been conclusively shown to be erroneous, there being no such difference of law between the increase of man and that of the organic beings which form his food.
This proposition, which he called the mystic hexagram, he made the keystone of his theory; from it alone he deduced more than 400 corollaries, embracing, according to his own account, the conics of Apollonius, and other results innumerable.
For general talk about the evils of slavery they cared little, but this assertion that every slave was entitled to instant freedom filled them with alarm and roused them to anger, for they saw that, if the conscience of the nation were to respond to the proposition, the system must inevitably fall.
It fell to the ground for want of adequate support; but another proposition, the fruit of secret discussion between the king and his confederates, which placed all fiefs under the control of the crown as regards taxation, and p rovided for selling and letting them to the highest bidder, was accepted by the Estate of burgesses.
The foolishness and obstinacy of the ass has caused the name to be transferred metaphorically to human beings; and the fifth proposition of Book i.
Each sutra (Pali, sutta) is very short; usually occupying only a page, or perhaps two, and containing a single proposition.
Every proposition which Sir Alfred Milner made was met by the objection that it threatened the independence of the Transvaal.
Being and not being are thus declared identical - a proposition which in this unqualified shape was to most people a stumbling-block at the very door of the system.
Madison precipitately accepted this proposition and sent Albert Gallatin and James Bayard to act as commissioners with Mr Adams; but England would have nothing to do with it.
All that can be meant by such a proposition is that according to the well-understood rules of international law a change of sovereignty by cession ought not to affect private property, but no municipal tribunal has authority to enforce such an obligation.
In order to establish his sixth proposition, Clarke contends that time and space, eternity and immensity, are not substances, but attributes - the attributes of a self-existent being.
Qahtaba made a victorious raid as far as Adhruliya (Dorylaeum); it was on his proposition that Mandi resolved on building the frontier town called Iladath (Adata), which became an outpost.
A proposition by the cadi Abu Yusuf to Harun al-Rashid to renew it had not been adopted.
Each proposition consists of two terms, the subject and its predicate, united by the copula.
All these points about speech, eloquence and argument between man and man were absorbed into Aristotle's theory of reasoning, and in particular the grammar of the sentence consisting of noun and verb caused the logic of the proposition consisting of subject and predicate.
In the Analytics he took the final step of originating the logical analysis of the proposition as premise into subject and predicate as terms mediated by the copula, and analysed the syllogism into these elements.
But he laid too much stress on reasoning as syllogism or deduction, and on deductive science; and he laid too much stress on the linguistic analysis of rational discourse into proposition and terms. These two defects remain ingrained in technical logic to this day.
It was natural enough that the originators of conceptual logic, seeing that judgments can be expressed by propositions, and conceptions by terms, should fall into the error of supposing that, as propositions consist of terms, so judgments consist of conceptions, and that there is a triple mental order - conception, judgment, reasoning - parallel to the triple linguistic order - term, proposition, discourse.
A proposition is the consequent verbal expression of such a belief, and consists in asserting that the thing as signified by the subject is (or is not) determined as signified by the predicate.
But even the normal proposition in the syllogistic form tertii adjacentis, with subject, predicate and copula, is seldom a complete expression of the judgment.
The consequence is that the proposition, being different from a judgment arising after a judgment, and remaining an imperfect copy of judgment, is only a superficial evidence of its real nature.
In these ways we find that a judgment is both different from, and more than, a proposition.
But recent logicians, although they perceive the difference, nevertheless tend to make the proposition thej measure of the judgment.
Worse still, logicians seem unable to keep the judgment apart from the proposition.
The statement only affects the proposition; and whenever we believe the existence of the thing, the belief in existence is part of the judgment thought, whether it is part of the proposition stated or not.
In ordinary life we may say, " All men are mortal," " All centaurs are figments," " All square circles are impossibilities," " All candidates arriving five minutes late are fined " (the last proposition being an example of the identification of categorical with hypothetical in Keynes's Formal Logic).
The judgment, then, is the measure of the proposition, not the proposition the measure of the judgment.
Finally, the great difficulty of the logic of judgment is to find the mental act behind the linguistic expression, to ascribe to it exactly what is thought, neither more nor less, and to apply the judgment thought to the logical proposition, without expecting to find it in ordinary propositions.
Deduction is analysis when it is regressive from consequence to real ground, as when we start from the proposition that the angles of a triangle are equal to two right angles and deduce analytically that therefore (i) they are equal to equal angles made by a straight line standing on another straight line, and (2) such equal angles are two right angles.
Deduction is synthesis when it is progressive from real ground to consequence, as when we start from these two results of analysis as principles and deduce synthetically the proposition that therefore the angles of a triangle are equal to two right angles, in the order familiar to the student of Euclid.
He re-defines analysis in the very opposite way to the ancients; whereas they defined it as a regressive process from consequence to ground, according to Wundt it is a progressive process of taking for granted a proposition and deducing a consequence, which being true verifies the proposition.
But his account of the first is imperfect, because in ancient analysis the more general propositions, with which it concludes, are not mere consequences, but the real grounds of the given proposition; while his addition of the second reduces the nature of analysis to the utmost confusion, because hypothetical deduction is progressive from hypothesis to consequent facts whereas analysis is regressive from consequent facts to real ground.
That judgment is true which apprehends a thing as it is capable of being known to be; and that proposition is true which so asserts the thing to be.
For example, as I am weary and am conscious of being weary, my judgment and proposition that I am weary are true because they signify what I am and know myself to be by direct consciousness; and my being weary is ambiguously said to be true because it is so signified.
For proposition and judgment involve subject and predicate and exhibit what a modern writer calls " identity of reference with diversity of characterization."
This is especially to be noted in the theory of the proposition.
There was necessarily a " sense " or direction in every proposition, with more than the purely psychological import that the advance was from the already mastered and familiar taken as relatively stable, to the new and strange.
A premise that has the utmost universality consistent with this view can clearly be of no service for the establishment of a proposition that has gone to the making of it.
But every quaternion formula is a proposition in spherical (sometimes degrading to plane) trigonometry, and has the full advantage of the symmetry of the method.
Although there is not much to justify such a proposition, it may perhaps be conceded that she was in many respects abnormal and that some of her work is characteristic of a process known to modern psychologists as "automatism," or in other words that it is the result of a spasmodic uprush to the surface of sub-conscious mental activities.
For nearly a year the diplomatic pourparlers continued without an agreement being reached; France insisted on Mehemet Ali's receiving the hereditary pashalik of Syria as well as that of Egypt, a proposition to which Palmerston, though sincerely anxious to preserve the Anglo-French entente, refused to agree.
This is the proposition known as the polygon of forces.
A sort of converse proposition is frequently useful, viz.
An ancient legal conception, it has been said, corresponds not to one but to several modern conceptions; and the proposition is equally true when economic is substituted for legal.
The proposition that any freemen or burghers not in the pay of the company should be encouraged to cultivate the ground was first made about three years after Riebeek's arrival.
We cannot convert Max Muller's proposition " there was nothing told of the sky that could not in some form or other be ascribed to Zeus" into " there was nothing ascribed to Zeus that had not at some time or other been told of the sky."
The legislature may, also, submit to the people the question of calling a convention to amend or revise the constitution, and such a convention must be called whenever, upon the submission of this proposition, a majority of the votes are cast in favour of it.
She mulled his proposition and forced her thoughts away from it and her gaze to the paper again. 5.
You men can use every ploy in the book to get a woman to submit, but if she mistakes that proposition for a proposal of marriage, right away she's blackmailing you.
Her Guardian would never proposition her!
Brady's hormones surged at her proposition.
It is a feasible proposition in arcade games.
Apparently such a proposition runs counter to Marxist theory.
The connection we already have involves the Proposition of Neural Indeterminacy, probabilistic causation, and the Correlation Hypothesis.
The objection gathers strength when one notices that Popper's proposition is itself not conjectural.
The California State Supreme Court upheld the constitutionality of Proposition 21, a juvenile crime initiative, passed by voters in 2000.
I don't remember anyone making such an utterly daft proposition.
Dealing with timber decay in a Grade 1 listed building will be a somewhat different proposition from a modern town house.
Above all, socialists would be making a fundamentally dishonest proposition to the working class.
Current examples of the latter proposition are taken from recent issues of leading social science journals.
Lamarck, while affirming the verbal proposition that animals form a single series, was forced by his vast acquaintance with the details of zoology to limit the assertion to such a series as may be formed out of the abstractions constituted by the common characters of each group.'
If Meckel's proposition is so far qualified, that the comparison of adult with embryonic forms is restricted within the limits of one type of organization; and if it is further recollected, that the resemblance between the permanent lower form and the embryonic stage of a higher form is not special but general, it is in entire accordance with modern embryology; although there is no branch of biology which has grown so largely, and improved its methods so much since Meckel's time, as this.
It is possible to put into words the proposition, that all the animals and plants of each geological epoch were annihilated, and that a new set of very similar forms was created for the next epoch, but it may be doubted if any one who ever tried to form a distinct mental image of this process of spontaneous generation on the grandest scale ever really succeeded in realizing it.
Things like purchasing a prepaid card that does not work for the location you are calling can be an expensive proposition, so do read the fine print.
While any manner of financial planning is better than no preparation at all, hiring a consultant can be an expensive proposition and should be carefully investigated beforehand.
Because of the wealth of features available, selecting the card that is best for you can be a difficult proposition.
Since divorce is an expensive proposition, you will need to keep an eye on costs; information is provided about how to keep your legal fees down.
Evaluating keepers is a very difficult proposition that takes a real expert.
For some women, shooting a series of glamour shots is a daunting proposition, while others see it as a fun way to express themselves.
If the idea of molding a piece of foil to a scorching hot turkey breast seems like it would be a difficult proposition, I assure you it is.
For those on a budget, however, this may be an expensive proposition, since you will be tempted to buy everything you need to copy the design exactly.
This may sound like a bit of a squeamish proposition, but it's not as bad as it sounds, especially if your vet is good at keeping your dog calm.
Checking the site is sometimes a hit-or-miss proposition, but with the handy "Fly View" button you can quickly see if the shirt you like is in the size you want.
If you are interested in buying this fitness game, it may be a better proposition to buy the updated version instead.
A news article from the Arizona Daily Star affirms this proposition, saying that buyers of bulk cell phones are likely using them to resell for profit.
In 1986 California voters passed Proposition 63 that made English the state's official language.
In 1998 Californians passed Proposition 227, a referendum that attempted to eliminate bilingual education by allowing only one year of structured English immersion, followed by mainstreaming.
For this reason there is much interest in the proposition that a calcium intake over 1,500 mg per day may build a greater skeletal mass.
This proposition, however, in the early 2000s favored in the United States, is met with great skepticism in the United Kingdom.
Most homeowners do not realize they can actually end up losing money on the proposition.
Swimsuits, however, are items that almost always should be tried on first, so it's a tricky proposition.
Since these sites often get many as a million hits during that period, your ad is not going to be shown to everyone unless you purchase as many impressions as the site has hits, a very expensive proposition.
In 1873 Charles Hermite proved that the base of the Napierian logarithms cannot be a root of a rational algebraical equation of any degree.3 To prove the same proposition regarding 7r is to prove that a Euclidean construction for circle-quadrature is impossible.
The soldiers of Irak, who did not love the governor, and disliked the prospect of a long and difficult war far from home, eagerly accepted the proposition of returning to Irak, and even proclaimed the dethronement of Abdalmalik, in favour of Ibn Ash`ath.
By the categorical he means the ancient analysis from a given proposition to more general propositions.
By the hypothetical he means the new-fangled analysis from a given proposition to more particular propositions, i.e.
As Aristotle puts it, the syllogism is directed " not to the outer, but to the inner discourse," or as we should say, not to the expression but to the thought, not to the proposition but to the judgment, and to the inference not verbally but mentally.
Inference is a deeper thinking process from judgments to judgment, which only occasionally and partially emerges in the linguistic process from propositions to proposition.
Short lead times for delivery and flexible contract terms drive a compelling proposition within key market sectors, such as retail.
Buying all the latest hip teen clothing can be an expensive proposition.
A prenup might not be the most romantic proposition, but for those with assets, it couldn't hurt.
The economic crisis has made finding sailings on the Mighty Mississippi from Memphis an extremely challenging proposition.
This seemed like a fair proposition for gamers, considering that other games without accessories were easily selling in the $50 to $60 range on the Wii.
If at all possible, try some before buying more than a single bottle, and realize that if you do purchase a bottle without tasting first, it could be a risky proposition.
However, convincing the general population might be a more difficult proposition.
Showing someone that you care doesn't have to be an expensive proposition.
Certainly, the government once thought this was a worthwhile proposition.
It's no surprise, then, that a necklace made of nothing but Swarovski is a pretty pricey proposition.
Buying health insurance on your own can be an expensive proposition, but sometimes it is your only option.
Insuring your art can be a tricky proposition, especially if you are not yet an established artist and therefore do not have a track record of appraisals of your work.
However, the basic set-up of the iTunes file system makes this a difficult proposition.
It's also one of three ingredients - the others are toluene and phthalates - that are recognized by California's Proposition 65 as "known to cause cancer or developmental toxicity."
Under the inappropriate title Sketches of History (1784) he published under his own name six sermons on the characters of Aaron, Hazael and Jesus, in which, though writing in the character of an orthodox Calvinist, he enunciates the proposition "God Himself has no right to be a tyrant."
But the normal judgment, and therefore the normal proposition, do not require the quantity of the predicate.
But although mature study has established the truth of this proposition it was not always so.
To every proposition in electrostatics there is thus a corresponding one in the hydrokinetic theory of incompressible liquids.
It is the proposition, something predicated about something, that conveys an idea.
But it required the arduous labours of the archaeologist to prove a proposition that, once proven, seems self-evident.
Another deduction from the same proposition is that any corporation or private body which appears to exercise sovereign powers together with the state does so only by delegation.
Why Bedford was not chosen is not stated, but it seems an attractive proposition, especially if it is also free!
Similar illustrations are used to prove the second proposition, that a visible object, as such, is not external.
The Cala Finance funding option continues to prove highly attractive proposition for growing the business.