How to use Propagated in a sentence
They are readily propagated by offsets or by seed.
The soil in which tulips are propagated should be sandy, free working and thoroughly drained.
Suffruticose plants and even small shrubs may be propagated in this way, by first planting them deeper than they are ordinarily grown, and then after the lapse of a year, which time they require to get rooted, taking them up again and dividing them into parts or separate plants.
We may now investigate the mathematical expression for the disturbance propagated in any direction from a small particle upon which a beam of light strikes.
The common mushroom (Agaricus campestris) is propagated by spores, the fine black dust seen to be thrown off when a mature specimen is laid on white paper or a white dish; these give rise to what is known as the "spawn" or mycelium, which consists of whitish threads permeating dried dung or similar substances, and which, when planted in a proper medium, runs through the mass, and eventually develops the fructification known as the mushroom.Advertisement
They are propagated by cuttings, or from the leaves, which are cut off and pricked in welldrained pots of sandy soil, or by the scales from the underground tubes, which are rubbed off and sown like seeds, or by the seeds, which are very small.
It is propagated by offsets, which are often planted in September or October, but the principal crop should not be got in earlier than February or the beginning of March.
Hence, when the coil at one fixed station was in action it generated high frequency alternating currents, which were propagated across the air gap between the ordinary telegraph wires and the metallic surfaces attached to one secondary terminal of the induction coil, and conveyed along the ordinary telegraph wires between station and moving train.
It propagated and spread with extraordinary rapidity, so that by Dominic's death in 1221, only five or six years after the first practical steps towards the execution of the idea, there were over 500 friars and 60 friaries, divided into 8 provinces embracing the whole of western Europe.
In the country-side of Judaea, Judaism - and no longer Hellenism - was propagated by force.Advertisement
The cyclones of the Bay of Bengal appear to originate over the Andaman and Nicobar islands, and are commonly propagated in a north-westward direction, striking the east coast of the Indian peninsula at various points, and then often advancing with an easterly tendency over the land, and passing with extreme violence across the delta of the Ganges.
Improved varieties, obtained by cross-impregnation either naturally or artificially brought about, were carefully propagated and generally adopted, and increased attention was bestowed on the cultivation of the natural grasses.
These are propagated, and there are instances as described above of very successful and commercially important results having been attained.
And it is immediately evident that the deliberate "bear" works by selling "futures," and that the effect of his sales is propagated to "spot."
They are easily propagated by divisions of the root or by seeds; great care should be taken not to leave pieces of the root about owing to its very poisonous character.Advertisement
Both religions were of Oriental origin; they were propagated about the same time, and spread with equal rapidity on account of the same causes, viz.
If round the origin of waves an ideal closed surface be drawn, the whole action of the waves in the region beyond may be regarded as due to the motion continually propagated across the various elements of this surface.
The factor (I -cos 0) shows in what manner the secondary disturbance depends upon the direction in which it is propagated with respect to the front of the primary wave.
Before the end of the 19th century this discovery of the blood parasite of malaria was crowned by the hypothesis of Patrick Manson, proved by Ronald Ross, that malaria is propagated by a certain genus of gnat, which acts as an intermediate host of the parasite.
They are readily propagated from cuttings taken in the spring or at the end of the summer.Advertisement
The plant is readily propagated by cuttings, a piece of the stem bearing buds at its nodes will root rapidly when placed in sufficiently moist ground.
It is propagated by seeds, and occasionally by budding, grafting or inarching for the perpetuation of special varieties.
It is a small bush propagated from cuttings which are left to grow for three years; the leaves are then stripped, except a few buds which develop next year into young shoots, these being cut and sold in bunches under the name of khat mubarak; next year on the branches cut back new shoots grow; these are sold as khat malhani, or second-year kat, which commands the highest price.
It is easily raised from seed and can also be propagated.
A gas explosion in a fiery mine may be intensified or indefinitely propagated by the dust raised by the explosion itself.Advertisement
It has since been shown, however, that unless the gas is at a pressure of more than two atmospheres this wave soon dies out, and the decomposition is only propagated a few inches from the detonator.
We shall discuss the disturbance which is propagated from the source to the ear, and which there produces sound, and the modes in which various sources vibrate and give rise to the disturbance.
There is no " transverse " disturbance, that is, there is in air no motion across the line of propagation, for such motion could only be propagated from one layer to the next by the " viscous " resistance to relative motion, and would die away at a very short distance from the source.
But transverse disturbances may be propagated as waves in solids.
But a priori we are hardly justified in assuming that waves can be propagated at all, and certainly not justified in assuming that they go on unchanged by the action of the internal forces alone.Advertisement
When a wave of sound travelling through one medium meets a second medium of a different kind, the vibrations of its own particles are communicated to the particles of the new medium, so that a wave is excited in the latter, and is propagated through it with a velocity dependent on the density and elasticity of the second medium, and therefore differing in general from the previous velocity.
If U is the velocity of sound in a gas at pressure P with density p, and if waves of length X and frequency N are propagated through it, then the distanc?e l between the dust-heaps is 2 = N - zN Vyp' where y is the ratio of the two specific heats.
Light is therefore an influence propagated as wave-motion, and moreover by transverse undulations, for the reasons brought out by Thomas Young and Augustin Fresnel; so that the aether is a medium which possesses elasticity of a type analogous to rigidity.
It must be very different from ordinary matter as we know it, for waves travelling in matter constitute sound, which is propagated hundreds of thousands of times slower than light.
A train of ideas which strongly impressed itself on Clerk Maxwell's mind, in the early stages of his theoretical views, was put forward by Lord Kelvin in 1858; he showed that the special characteristics of the rotation of the plane of polarization, discovered by Faraday in light propagated along a magnetic field, viz.Advertisement
Trains of waves nearly but not quite homogeneous as regards wave-length will as usual be propagated as wave-groups travelling with the slightly different velocity d(VX-1)/dX-', the value of K occurring in V being a function of X determined by the law of optical dispersion of the medium.
Those plants which are widely distributed are generally found to be propagated from seeds which can easily be carried by the wind or by ocean currents, or form the food of migratory birds.
The plant is propagated from suckers and requires very little attention after transplanting to the field where it is to remain, but it takes six to eight years to mature and then yields an average of ten gallons of sap during a period of four or five months, after which it dies.
In free space, light of all wave-lengths is propagated with the same velocity, as is shown by the fact that stars, when occulted by the moon or planets, preserve their white colour up to the last moment of disappearance, which would not be the case if one colour reached the eye later than another.
This was based on the assumption that the medium in which the light is propagated is discontinuous and molecular in character, the molecules being subject to a mutual attraction.Advertisement
Thus, if one molecule is disturbed from its mean position, it communicates the disturbance to its neighbours, and so a wave is propagated.
That the silkworm is subject to many serious diseases is only to be expected of a creature which for upwards of 4000 years has been propagated under purely artificial conditions, and these most frequently of a very insanitary nature, and where, not the healthy life of the insect, but the amount of silk it could be made to yield, was the object of the cultivator.
It propagated doctrines in favour of the power of the Holy See, established the superiority of the popes over the councils, and gave legal force to their decretals.
Many plants can be far more easily propagated thus than by cuttings.
This operation is varied in detail according to the kind of plant to be propagated, but it is essential in all cases that the affinity between the two plants be near, that the union be neatly effected, and that the ratio as well as the season of growth of stock and scion be similar.Advertisement
By means of it a variety may often be propagated, or its fruit improved in a way not found practicable under ordinary circumstances.
Such a plant must needs be propagated by cuttings.
One whole summer, sometimes two, must elapse before the layers will be fully rooted in the case of woody plants; but such plants as carnations and picotees, which are usually propagated in this way, in favourable seasons take only a few weeks to root, as they are layered towards the end of the blooming season in July, and are taken off and planted separately early in the autumn.
It is perhaps of most importance as the principal means of propagating our hardy kinds of fruit, especially the apple and the pear; but the process is the same with most other fruits and ornamental hardy trees and shrubs that are thus propagated.
Stone fruits, such as peaches, apricots, plums, cherries, &c., are usually propagated in this way, as well as roses and many other plants.Advertisement
A bud is then cut by a clean incision from the tree intended to be propagated, having a portion of the wood attached to it, and so that the whole may be about i in.
Gooseberries, currants, roses and many hardy 'deciduous trees and shrubs are easily propagated in this way if the cuttings are inserted in welldrained soil about the end of October or early in November.
Hardy plants, such as pinks, pansies, &c., are propagated by cuttings planted a during early summer in light rich soil.
Those with creeping rhizomes can be propagated by dividing these into well-rooted portions, and, if a number of crowns is formed, they can be divided at that season.
Plums are propagated chiefly by budding on stocks of the Mussel, Brussels, St Julien and Pear plums. The damson, wine-sour and other varieties, planted as standards, are generally increased by suckers.
The Vita Antonii was at an early date translated into Latin and propagated in the West, and the practice of monastic asceticism after the Egyptian model became common in Rome and throughout Italy, and before long spread to Gaul and to northern Africa.
As the waves were propagated downwards through the soil the amplitude rapidly i ??.?
This is due to the fact that the components of shorter period are more rapidly propagated.
A Simple-Harmonic or Sine Wave is the only kind which is propagated without change of form.
In treating mathematically the propagation of other kinds of waves, it is necessary to analyse them into their simple-harmonic components, which may be treated as being propagated independently.
A radical difference exists in connexion with the method of growth, in that the plants are never grown from seed, but are always propagated from layerings.
Roman Catholicism was predominant a hundred years ago in all the frontier provinces acquired by Prussia in the days of Frederick the Great, but since then the German immigrants have widely propagated the Protestant faith in these districts.
In Athens the Hellenic genius was focussed, its tendencies drawn together and combined; nor was it a circumstance of small moment that the Attic dialect attained, for prose, a classical authority; for if Hellenism was to be propagated in the world at large, it was obviously convenient that it should have some one definite form of speech to be its medium.
But by the courts alone Hellenism could never have been propagated far.
It is propagated along the muscle fibres of the skeletal muscles at a rate of about 3 metres per second.
It may be propagated from seed or from cuttings.
The aspen is readily propagated either by cuttings or suckers, but has been but little planted of late years in Britain.
It may be propagated by suckers and layers, by grafting and by sowing.
The plants are rapidly-growing, hardy, ornamental climbers, which flourish in common garden soil, and are readily propagated by cuttings.
It is very readily propagated by means of its branching root-stock.
C. Darwin believed, however, that there were indications that it occasionally occurred in plants, where it can be best observed, owing to the circumstance that so many plants are propagated by cuttings or buds, which really continue the existence of the same individual almost indefinitely.
In Italy, as long as orange trees were propagated by grafts, they were tender; but after many of the trees were destroyed by the severe frosts of 1709 and 1763, plants were raised from seed, and these were found to be hardier and more productive than the former kinds.
It is, however, certain that whenever any animal or plant is largely propagated constitutional variations will arise, and some of these will be better adapted than others to the climatal and other conditions of the locality.
There has also been very little naturalization of parrots, but the rosella parrakeet of Australia (Platycercus eximius) is being propagated by escaped captives in the north island of New Zealand, and its ally the mealy rosella (P. pallidiceps) is locally wild in Hawaii, the stock in this case having descended from a single pair intentionally liberated.
They mature very slowly and die after flowering, but are easily propagated by the offsets from the base of the stem.
Potatoes are commonly propagated by planting whole tubers or by dividing the tubers, leaving to each segment or "set" one or two eyes or buds.
They may be propagated by seed (though owing to the rare occurrence of fruit, this method is seldom applicable), by division and by cuttings.
Artificially propagated eggs and fry after planting must submit to the same mortality as the other eggs and fry around them.
The artificially propagated eggs of the shad from the eastern rivers of the United States were planted in those of California and the Mississippi, where the species did not naturally occur.
Magnus showed that the most important part of the effect is due to the forced vibration of that side of the vessel which contains the orifice, and that but little of it is propagated through the air.
When a small body is partly immersed in a liquid originally at rest, and moves horizontally with constant velocity V, waves are propagated through the liquid with various velocities according to their respective wave-lengths.
The object of this treatise was to describe the arrangements by which the influence of the mind is propagated to the muscular frame, and to give a rational explanation of the muscular movements which usually accompany the various emotions and passions.
His first speech on his return to England was a warning (March 17, 1773) that the props of good government were beginning to fail under the systematic attacks of unbelievers, and that principles were being propagated that would not leave to civil society any stability.
Beneath these layers are masses of salter water, through which a thermal wave of small amplitude is slowly propagated to the bottom by conduction.
Airy extended Fresnel's hypothesis to directions inclined to the axis of uniaxal crystals by assuming that in any such direction the two waves, that can be propagated without alteration of their state of polarization, are oppositely elliptically polarized with their planes of maximum polarization parallel and perpendicular to the principal plane of the wave, these becoming practically plane polarized at a small inclination to the optic axis.
They increase by offsets, or may be propagated by dividing the root-stock in early spring or autumn.
It will grow in any good soil, and is propagated by dividing the roots into small clumps in spring or autumn; these are planted from 8 to 12 in.
So you know what I know of them, which is what the Watchers and Others have propagated.
Easily propagated from cuttings and kept indoors over winter, or use as annual.
There is also a nursery selling plants propagated from plants on site including camellias bred by the late owner Miss Gillian Carlyon.
The plants are propagated in a rockwool cube then grown on in a rockwool slab.
It can be propagated by cuttings, plant division or seed.
This quarter share of their genes can only be propagated if they are not demented from brain injury or degeneracy.
Cultivars should be propagated by division or cuttings only.
False declarations of species having been captive-bred or artificially propagated is the second most common type of CITES fraud.
These can be collected and sown but plants can more easily be propagated by dividing the thick, fleshy rhizome.
It can be propagated by seed in the spring or divided in the autumn or spring.
The disturbance, consisting of transverse vibrations, is propagated outwards in all directions from the centre; and, in consequence of the symmetry, the direction of vibration in any ray lies in the plane containing the ray and the axis of symmetry; that is to say, the direction of vibration in the scattered or diffracted ray makes with the direction of vibration in the incident or primary ray the least possible angle.
The symmetry also requires that the intensity of the scattered light should vanish for the ray which would be propagated along the axis; for there is nothing to distinguish one direction transverse to the ray from another.
Moreover, since the same amount of energy is propagated across all spheres concentric with the particle, we recognize that i varies as r.
The fruit is eaten by most frugivorous birds, and through their agency, particularly that of the species which is accordingly known as missel-thrush or mistle-thrush, the plant is propagated.
Thus waves are propagated along OX, each wave consisting of one push and one pull, one wave emanating from each complete vibration to and fro of the source AB.
Assuming this energy to be propagated in hemispherical waves, it is easy to find the quantity per second going through I sq.
The alder is readily propagated by seeds, but throws up root-suckers abundantly.
Unlike many other tuberous plants, Maca is propagated by seed.
It does not ripen seed freely, but is easily propagated from side shoots.
These are grafted, and might be propagated by layers, if anybody would take the trouble, and in this way might be longer lived and useful in some ways.
Propagated by careful division in spring, or by seed.
Easily propagated by seeds or cuttings, and thriving best in light sandy soil.
It is best propagated by seed, and is not difficult about soil.
Easily propagated by cuttings taken in September or April, and put in slight heat, and also raised from seed sown in heat in spring.
Dahlias may be propagated by cuttings, root-division, and seed, the last way being used only where new kinds are sought.
For some time this plant will doubtless be propagated by grafting on the common Acacia, but the sooner we get it from seed the better.
It is propagated by seeds sown as soon as they are ripe, or by its fleshy roots, which, if cut into pieces, in spring, will form good plants much quicker than seedlings.
N. depressa may be propagated by dividing old plants into small portions and placing them in small pots in a gentle heat until they start into growth, and then removing them to a cooler atmosphere.
Hollyhocks may be propagated by single eyes, put in in July and August, and also by cuttings put in in spring, on a slight hot-bed.
It is suitable for edgings or for the rock garden, grows in any soil, and is easily propagated.
If preserved in a frame during winter, after the manner of bedding Lobelias, it is perennial, and may be propagated in spring by cuttings.
It grows in any soil in an open position in the rock garden, where it is an attractive plant in spring, and may be freely propagated by seeds.
Propagated in spring by cuttings or seeds, the plants being grown in rich light soil till planted out in a warm position.
Dwarf Lobelias may be propagated by seeds or cuttings.
It is a sort which has great vitality, can be propagated very rapidly by offsets (three or four a year), and grows well in any well-drained soil.
It is hardy, and perennial on most soils, and is easily propagated by cuttings or division in autumn or spring.
The Osmanthuses may all be propagated by cuttings, and although it takes longer to obtain plants on their own roots they are much to be preferred to those grafted on the privet.
Propagated by seed or division of established plants.
Europe. These perennial kinds may be propagated best from seed, as they do not divide well.
It was found growing with Galax aphylla, and forms runners like that plant, and is propagated by this means.
Propagated by division in spring or by seed.
They like a good loamy soil, well drained, but still moist, and are some of the most easily propagated of shrubs.
It is propagated by either seed or division.
They can be propagated by root cuttings in winter or division in spring.
Plants may be propagated by division or grown from seed, which can either be direct sown in the fall or started indoors in the spring.
While pinks are easily propagated from both seeds and cuttings, starting with large, healthy plants establishes these cheerful flowers on a stronger footing.
Like many other groundcovers and vines, most honeysuckle varieties are easily propagated by cloning.
These varieties must then be propagated for three to ten years until their seeds reliably produce fruit that is true to type.
Images of Ireland that many Irish find hugely offensive, such as leprechauns, have propagated the myth that all the Irish have red hair, even though very few do or ever have.
If, however, we put on external forces of the required type X it is obvious that any wave can be propagated with any velocity, and our investigation shows that when U has the value in (6) then and only then X is zero everywhere, and the wave will be propagated with that velocity when once set going.
If we imagine the current in the conductor to be instantaneously reversed in direction, the magnetic force surrounding it would not be instantly reversed everywhere in direction, but the reversal would be propagated outwards through space with a certain velocity which Maxwell showed was inversely as the square root of the product of the magnetic permeability and the dielectric constant or specific inductive capacity of the medium.