Olmosy Kdroly tandr ur, " Mr Professor Charles (lmosy "; and the possessive forms of the nouns, which are varied according to the number and person of the possessor and the number of the object in the following way: tollam, " my pen "; tollaim, " my pens "; tollad, " thy pen tollaid, thy pens tollunk, our pen tollaink, our pens," &c. There is no gender, not even a distinction between " he," " she," and " it," in the personal pronouns, and the declension is less developed than in Finnish.
You will see from her letter that she uses many pronouns correctly.
The personal pronouns are replaced by various terms of respect when speaking to or before superiors, and there are many words besides which are only employed in ceremonial language.
In some languages the personal pronouns are singular, dual and plural.
Ef, &c., like the simple forms. The demonstrative pronouns are hwn, " this," hwnnw, " that," fem.
Pronouns are numerous, and the personal pronoun includes four numbers - singular, dual, trinal and general plural, also inclusive and exclusive.
Also adjectives and demonstrative pronouns have their places after the noun.
It is sparing in the use of personal pronouns, and prefers impersonal and elliptical diction.
Semitischen Sprachen, Berlin, 1898, especially pronouns and verbs); but the relationship must be very distant, and there are no ancient documents that can take back the history of any one of those languages more than a few centuries.
Another series of absolute pronouns is: (2) m.
They have the chief characteristics of the Polynesian, with Malay affinities, and peculiarities such as the use of suffixes and inseparable pronouns and, as in Tagal, of the infix to denote changes in the verb; in the west groups there is a tendency to closed syllables and double consonants, and a use of the palatals ch, j, sh, the dental th, and s (the last perhaps only in foreign words), which is alien to the Polynesian.
In the Ebon language there are inclusive and exclusive forms of the personal pronouns which, so far as has been ascertained, do not occur in any of the other languages.
The relative pronouns are nominative and accusative a, oblique cases ydd, yr, y.
On the, pronouns it has only to be remarked that the modern language has borrowed from Castilian the composite forms nosaltres and voseltres (pronounced also nosaltros and nosatrus), as also the form vosti, vust (Castilian usted for vuestra merced).
Personal pronouns: i (dii), yos (illos); possessive pronouns: mi, pl.
She has begun to use the pronouns of her own accord.
A few words may now be said about the three main parts of speech - pronouns, nouns and verbs.
Each of the personal pronouns (except the 3rd plur.) exists in a longer and a shorter form: the one is used as a nominative and is a separate word, the other is attached to verbs and (in a slightly different form) to nouns to express the accusative or genitive.
Ending -ayya'; the forms of the demonstrative pronouns, &c. As the bulk of the population was of Arab race, it is not surprising that many of the proper names are Arabic and that several Arabic words occur in the inscriptions.
Many of the above absolute pronouns were almost obsolete even in the Old Kingdom.
Instead of the personal pronouns, both in their full and abbreviated forms, conventional nouns are in frequent use to indicate the social position or relation of the respective interlocutors, as, e.g.
It is associated with a series for the second and third persons: nt-k, nt-l, nt-f, nt-in, &c.; but from their history, use and form, it seems probable that the last are of later formation, and are not to be connected with the Semitic pronouns (chiefly of the 2nd person) resembling them.
The personal pronouns are: simple sing.