She washed, dressed, said her prayers, and went out to the porch.
So far her prayers had been unanswered.
It deals with "the means and instruments of obtaining every virtue, and the remedies against every vice, and considerations serving to the resisting all temptations, together with prayers containing the whole Duty of a Christian."
The use of the word is, however, late, the vigiliae (pernoctationes, 7ravvvXiSes) having originally been the services, consisting of prayers, hymns, processions and sometimes the eucharist, celebrated on the preceding night in preparation for the feast.
Then he may offer sacrifice so that his prayers be accepted."
I raise fervent prayers to Heaven that the Almighty may exalt the race of the just, and mercifully fulfill the desires of Your Majesty.
In the seventh session it accepted the suggestion of Justinian, merely to order the name of Vigilius to be removed from the liturgical prayers, at the same time expressing its desire to maintain unity with the see of Old Rome (Hefele, sect.
Thus the prayers of the Todas already alluded to are in all cases uttered "in the throat," although these are public prayers, each village having a form of its own.
Max Muller, "On Ancient Prayers," in Semitic Studies in Memory of Rev. Dr Alexander Kohut (1897); L.
4, &c.) and the anonymous blessings commonly called Shemoneh 'Esreh (the Eighteen), together with certain Psalms. (Readings from the Law and the Prophets [Haphtarah] also formed part of the service.) To this framework were fitted, from time to time, various prayers, and, for festivals especially, numerous hymns.
The change is marked in the rituals by the duplication of the liturgical forms. The prayers of intercession and oblation, which in earlier times are found only in connexion with the former offering, are repeated in the course of the same service in connexion with the latter.
If we satisfy our appetites, we do so without forgetting that throughout the night we must say our prayers to God.
of the Greek Euchologion contain numerous prayers to be offered over animals sacrificed; and in the form of agape such sacrifices were common in Italy and Gaul on the natalis dies of a saint, and Paulinus of Nola, the friend of Augustine, in his Latin poems, describes them (c. 400) in detail.
Proerosia, at which prayers were offered for an abundant harvest, before the land was ploughed for sowing.
I hardly minded the cold and lonely walk back after evening prayers demanded my love's return.
A 14th-century MS. Book of Prayers in the Francis Douce collection in the Bodleian library at Oxford contains a drawing in which two persons are shown, but they bowl to no mark.
give relief, while the Christians attributed it to the prayers of their brethren in a legion to which, they affirmed, the emperor then gave the name of "The Thundering."
Prayers of the departed are said to be valueless.
To her surprise and distress she found that her prayers did not calm her excitement.
One morning, between seven and eight, returning after a sleepless night, he sent for embers, changed his rain-soaked underclothes, said his prayers, drank tea, got warm, then tidied up the things on the table and in his own corner, and, his face glowing from exposure to the wind and with nothing on but his shirt, lay down on his back, putting his arms under his head.
The countess finished her prayers and came to the bed with a stern face, but seeing, that Natasha's head was covered, she smiled in her kind, weak way.
After long hesitations, doubts, and prayers, Princess Mary gave the letter to her father.
When she understood them her personal feeling became interwoven in the prayers with shades of its own.
Possibly in answer to her prayers, the front of the car climbed into the air.
Say your prayers angels, here comes the boogie man down the road!
His first tract on the subject, Reasons for Restoring some Prayers (1717), was followed by others.
three), as well as to the use of prayers as amulets, medicinal charms, and so on.
Fill our hearts with joy and gladness, that ever having of all things a sufficiency, we may superabound in all good works, in Christ Jesus our Lord, &c.'" The writer then enjoins that, "if two or three other virgins are present, they also shall give thanks over the bread set out, and join in the prayers.
(16J4), the Golden Grove; or a Manuall of daily prayers and letanies..
On the Thursday before Easter a special church service is celebrated, and the wells are beautifully ornamented with flowers, prayers being offered at each.
His historical research was exemplified in his De antiquitate ecclesiae, and his editions of Asser, Matthew Paris, Walsingham, and the compiler known as Matthew of Westminster; his liturgical skill was shown in his version of the psalter and in the occasional prayers and thanksgivings which he was called upon to compose; and he left a priceless collection of manuscripts to his college at Cambridge.
The prayers of Queen Louisa of Prussia failed to bend him from his resolve.
The former is intended for the living; the latter consists chiefly of prayers to be read at the burial of priests.
It is also known as Sidra' d'neshmatha, " Book of Souls," and besides hymns and doctrinal discourses contains prayers to be offered by the priests at sacrifice and at meals, as well as other liturgical matter.
In the Malay Peninsula the blood of a murdered man must be put in a bottle and prayers said over; after seven days of this worship a sound is heard and the operator puts his finger into the bottle for the polong, as the demon is called, to suck; it will fly through the air in the shape of an exceedingly diminutive female figure, and is always preceded by its pet, the pelesit, in the shape of a grasshopper.
They assembled together with glad faces and in white garments, and the proceedings were begun with prayers, in which they stood and stretched their eyes and hands to heaven.
The larger mosques have two imams: one is called (in Arabia and Egypt) the khatib, and he preaches the sermon on Fridays (the Moslem Sabbath); the other, the ratib, reads the Koran, and recites the five daily prayers, standing close to the mihrab, and leading the congregation, who repeat the prayers with him, and closely follow his postures.
Moslem women, as a rule, are expected to say their prayers at home, but in some few mosques they are admitted to one part specially screened off for them.
In 808 Charlemagne took the abbey of St-Gilles under his protection, and it is mentioned among the monasteries from which only prayers for the prince and the state were due.
Certain prayers are said before each benediction, after which he sprinkles the person or thing to be blessed with holy water and, where prescribed, censes them.
the prayers offered by the priest when vesting, e.g.
The result was the issue in 1566 by the archbishop of the statutory Advertisements, which fixed the vestments of the clergy as follows: (1) In the ministration of the Holy Communion in cathedral and collegiate churches, the principal minister to wear a cope, with gospeller and epistoler agreeably; 6 at all other prayers to be said at the Communion table, to use no copes but surplices; (2) the dean and prebendaries to wear surplice and hood; (3) every minister saying public prayers, or ministering the sacraments, to wear "a comely surplice with sleeves."
A collected edition of his works was published in England by Frances Power Cobbe (14 vols., 1863-1870), and another - the Centenary edition - in Boston, Mass., by the American Unitarian Association (14 vols., 1907-1911); a volume of Theodore Parker's Prayers, edited by Rufus Leighton and Matilda Goddard, was published in America in 1861, and a volume of Parker's West Roxbury Sermons, with a biographical sketch by Frank B.
Animals and birds were sacrificed and libations poured to him, and prayers were addressed to him by devotees who had purified themselves by ablution and repeated flagellation.
It is the ritual of a magician, imbedded in which, and alternating with magic formulae and other occult matter, are a number of invocations and prayers which Dieterich reconstructs as a liturgy in use by the clergy of Mithras between A.D.
Besides the administration of sacraments and the celebration of offices on special occasions, the priest kept alight the eternal fire on the altar, addressed prayers to the Sun at dawn, midday and twilight, turning towards east, south and west respectively.
to adopt Bishop Lightfoot's interpretation, " they led the prayers and thanksgivings of the congregation, presented the alms and contributions to God and asked His blessing on them in the name of the whole body."
The Anglican Church is content with the threefold ministry of bishops, priests and deacons, but in recent times the bishops have appointed lay-readers, licensed to read prayers and preach in buildings which are not consecrated.
Ephraemi Syri, &c., opera selecta, pp. 2 5 1 -33 6; and these have since been supplemented by Zettersteen's edition of a large number of his religious poems or metrical prayers (Beitrdge zur Kenntniss der religiosen Dichtung Balais, Leipzig, 1902).
The council of Trent, while reproving all superstitious practices in the invocation of the saints, the veneration of relics and the use of images, expresses as follows the doctrine of the Roman Church: "That the saints who reign with Christ offer to God their prayers for men; that it is good and useful to invoke them by supplication and to have recourse to their aid and assistance in order to obtain from God His benefits through His Son our Saviour Jesus Christ, who alone is our Saviour and Redeemer" (Sess.
So Gregory the language is concerned, may belong to the remote age which alone suits the adoptionist Christology of the prayers.
(13) Christ did not institute the prayers of the liturgy or the Holy Epiphanies, and all the other prayers for every action and every hour.
Let them therefore not repeat them, nor be hallowed by such prayers.
(14) Christ did not lay hands on patriarchs and metropolitans and bishops and presbyters and deacons and monks, nor ordain their several prayers.
Let them therefore not be ordained nor blessed with these prayers.
On their death their sanctity is transferred to their tombs (also called marabouts), where chapels are erected and gifts and prayers offered.
(8) They pray for spiritual welfare and believe in the efficacy of such prayers.
21) mentions the gift of a Ouµaari pcov by the contemporary Chosroes of Persia to the church of Jerusalem; and all the Oriental liturgies of this period provide special prayers for the thurification of the eucharistic elements.
3, 4, the image of the offering of incense with the prayers of the saints, before the throne of God, is not without its significance.
Catholic writers generally treat it as typifying contrition, the preaching of the Gospel, the prayers of the faithful and the virtues of the saints.
He remained there for several years, acting as curate in one of the lowest districts, preparing his Manual of Prayers for the use of the Scholars of Winchester College (first published in 1674), and composing hymns.
It was at this time that he wrote, primarily for the same body as his prayers, his morning, evening and midnight hymns, the first two of which, beginning "Awake, my soul, and with the sun" and "Glory to Thee, my God, this night," are now household words wherever the English tongue is spoken.
According to tradition the male and female gods lived in mountains whence they descended to hear the prayers of the people.
Prayers for the dead, attendance at funerals of gildsmen, periodical banquets, the solemn entrance oath, fines for neglect of duty and for improper conduct, contributions to a common purse, mutual assistance in distress, periodical meetings in the gildhall, - in short, all the characteristic features of the later gilds already appear in the statutes of these Anglo-Saxon fraternities.
Thus in 966 the name of the caliph Moti was banished from the prayers at Mecca, and an `Alyite took possession of the government of the city and recognized the Egyptian caliph as his master.
On the 14th of October 1802 the amir Abdul Aziz, at the age of eighty-two years, was murdered by a Shia fanatic when at prayers in the mosque of Deraiya, and Salad, who had for many years led the Wahhabi armies, became the reigning amir.
Sacramental confession is enjoined, but has recently become obsolete; prayers for the departed and invocation of saints form part of the services.
I 2), assured him of their prayers (i.
It deals in 32 chapters with ecclesiastical usages, churches, altars, prayers, bells, pictures, baptism and the Holy Communion.
27) after the regular daily sacrifice (in the synagogues a substitute - probably Adonay - was employed); 4 on the Day of Atonement the High Priest uttered the name ten times in his prayers and benediction.
The prayers (twenty-six in all) are mostly mystical outpourings repeating the aspirations found in her other writings.
The particularities of the worship, its minute and truly ingenious re-adaptations of sacraments, prayers, reverent signs, down even to the invocation of a New Trinity, need not detain us.
To his function as a preacher we owe some of his most characteristic and stimulating works, especially the discourses by which it may be said he won his way to wide and influential recognition - Endeavours after the Christian Life, 1st series, 1843; 2nd series, 1847; Hours of Thought, 1st series, 1876; 2nd series, 1879; the various hymn-books he issued at Dublin in 1831, at Liverpool in 1840, in London in 1873; and the Home Prayers in 1891.
It is believed that after death the soul remains in a place of darkness till the third day, when the first sacrifice for the dead is offered; prayers are read in the synagogue for the repose of the departed, and for seven days a formal lament takes place every morning in his house.
In very early inscriptions the funerary prayers in the tombs are addressed to him almost exclusively, and he always took a leading place in them.
Jealous of the exclusive claims of the Roman Church, he procured a further condemnation at Rome of the "Association for the Promotion of the Unity of Christendom," which advocated prayers for the accomplishment of a kind of federal union between the Roman, Greek and Anglican Churches, and in a pastoral letter he insisted on the heretical assumption implied in such an undertaking.
338ff., and in Cato's work de Re Rustica (141) we have full details and the text of the prayers used by the Latin farmer in thus "lustrating" his own land.
And having the god thus at hand and imprisoned in matter, the simple-minded worshipper can punish him if his prayers are left unanswered.
A prayer or prayers said at the conclusion of the Offertory.
Three prayers, accompanying the Pax and preliminary to communion.
His book has attained a quasi-canonicity in Islam, being treated almost like the Koran, and to his grave solemn pilgrimages are made, and prayers are believed to be heard there.
He devoted much time to explaining the meaning of the various parts of the Prayer-Book, and held services twice every day, at which many of the parishioners attended, and some "let their plough rest when Mr Herbert's saints-bell rung to prayers, that they might also offer their devotions to God with him."
In any Latin pontifical or Greek euchologion we find numerous prayers for the consecration, not only of men, but of things.
Belmont, what is the use of the prayers offered up over the substances; and how account for the differences of effects which by the testimony of the faithful are respectively caused by water duly blessed and by water falsely blessed?
He therefore inclines to the opinion that there is no inherent virtue in sacramentals, but that God is moved by the prayers uttered in their consecration to produce salutary effects in those who use them.
The consecration of material objects and in general their use in religion and cult was consistently avoided by the Manicheans; not because they failed to share the universal belief of earlier ages that spirits can be inducted by means of fitting prayers and incantations into inanimate things, but because the external material world was held to be the creation of an evil demiurge and so incapable of harbouring a pure spirit.
(4) Worship was everywhere dramatic. Only here and there among the higher tribes were bloody sacrifices in vogue, and prayers were in pantomime.
Next come three eucharistic prayers, the language of which is clearly marked off from that of the rest of the book, and shows parallels with the diction of St John's Gospel.
A trace of them is found in one of the liturgical prayers of Serapion, bishop of Thmui, in Egypt, but they have left little mark on the liturgies of the church.
Whether the second part was known to the writer of the Apostolic Church Order is not clear, as his only quotation of it comes from one of the eucharistic prayers.
Against Egypt has been urged the allusion in one of the eucharistic prayers to "corn upon the mountains."
Three of the Gospels have clearly been for some time in circulation; St Matthew's is used several times, and there are phrases which occur only in St Luke's, while St John's Gospel lies behind the eucharistic prayers which the writer has embodied in his work.
He favoured the use of the organ and of prayers in the vernacular, and was instrumental in founding schools on modern lines.
AMEN, a Hebrew word, of which the root meaning is "stability," generally adopted in Christian worship as a concluding formula for prayers and hymns.
She is followed by the Litae (Prayers), the old and crippled daughters of Zeus, who are able to repair the evil done by her (Iliad, ix.
But about the r3th century the Roman formula was altered, and the council of Trent (1551) declared that the "form" and power of the sacrament of penance lay in the words Ego to absolvo, &c., and that the accompanying prayers are not essential to it.
The Lord's Supper first took on a more stereotyped character, and prayers to be used in connexion with it are found already in the Didache (chapters ix.
As man approached the gods in sacrifice and prayers, so too the gods declared themselves to men by divers signs and tokens, which it was possible to read by the art of Divination (q.v.).
It may be noted that in all the ceremonies in the religion of the Avesta, incantations, prayers and confessions play a very large part.
Nevertheless in all religions, and especially in the Brahmanic and Christian, the cathartic virtue of water is enhanced by the introduction into it by means of suitable prayers and incantations of a divine or magical power.
Christians might not enter a church to say their prayers without first washing their hands.
In 1456, the recitation of a few prayers before a church crucifix earned a Pardon of 20,000 years for every such repetition.
At Crannon in Thessaly there was a bronze chariot, which in time of drought was shaken and prayers offered for rain (Antigonus of Carystus, Historiae mirabiles, 15).
Prayers and other formulas have been copied down by Sahagun and other chroniclers, of endless prolixity, but not without occasional touches of pathos.
These prayers seem essentially genuine; indeed there was no European model from which they could have been imitated; but at the same time it must be remembered that they come down in Spanish writing, and not untouched by Spanish influence, as in one passage where there is a mention of sheep, an animal unknown to the Mexicans.
After the birth of a child, the tonalpouhqui or;sun-calculator drew its horoscope from the signs it was born under, and fixed the time for its solemn lustration or baptism, performed by the nurse with appropriate prayers to the gods, when a toy shield and bow were provided if it was a boy, or a toy spindle and distaff if it was a girl, and the child received its name.
68-79) and prayers.
46-55) and prayers.
29-32), prayers and a Commemoration of the Virgin.
An only son, late born, seeing no companions of his own age, hearing nothing but the voices of his parents and the hymns and prayers in the little Calvinist chapel, Arany grew up a grave and gentle, but by no means an ignorant child.
He suppressed the name of es-Salih in prayers and on the coinage, and was formally declared sultan by the caliph 1175.
In many ways he was a typical Mahommedan, fiercely hostile towards unbelievers - "Let us purge the air of the air they breathe" was his aim for the demons of the Cross, - intensely devout and regular in prayers and fasting.
This assigns prayers and rubrics for the celebration of the Eucharist: - " t.
The prophets are to give thanks as they like at these " breakings of bread," without being restricted to the prayers here set forth.
" We salute one another with a kiss at the end of the prayers.
345) that perfect and pleasing sacrifices alone consist in prayers and thanksgivings (thusia).
In the first two centuries the rite is spoken of as an offering and as a bloodless sacrifice; but it is God's own creations, the bread and wine, alms and first-fruits, which, offered with a pure conscience, he receives as from friends, and bestows in turn on the poor; it is the praise and prayers which are the sacrifice.
Among Christians, prayers, supplications and thanksgivings have taken the place of the sacrifices of the old covenant.
As early as Tertullian prayers for the dead, who were named, were offered in the rite; but there was as yet no idea of the sacrifice of Christ being reiterated in their behalf.
The drawback for the dogmatist of such a view as Serapion broaches in his prayers was this, that although it explained how the Logos comes to be immanent in the elements, as a soul in its body, nevertheless it did not guarantee the presence in or rather substitution for the natural elements of Christ's real body and blood.
94 (1880), p. 90 (shows how the prayers of the Christian sacramentaries derive from the Jewish Synagogue); Goar, Rituale Graecorum; F.
His writings, which consist chiefly of sermons, meditations, tracts, letters and prayers, were edited by A.
There also existed a Manichaean book of memorabilia, and of prayers, in Greek, as well as many others,' all of which were destroyed by the Christian bishops acting in conjunction with the authorities.
The prayers are addressed to the God of light, to the whole kingdom of light, to the glorious angels, and to Mani himself, who is apostrophized in them as "the great tree, which is all salvation."
According to Kessler, these prayers are closely related to the Mandaean and the ancient Babylonian hymns.
The worship of the Manichaeans must have been very simple, and must have essentially consisted of prayers, hymns and ceremonies of adoration.
Miller's translations includes a long extract of Mani's book called Schapurakan, parts of his Evangelium, and epistles, with liturgies, hymns and prayers, for Tatar Khans who espoused the faith in Khorasan.
(They had no refectory, but ate their common meal, of bread and water only, when the day's labour was over, reclining on strewn grass, sometimes out of doors.) Four times in the day they joined in prayers and psalms.
So may the Devil I Respite their souls from Heaven!"; Hellas, 657, "Bask in the [deep] blue noon divine"; Julian and Maddalo, 218, where "Moans, shrieks, and curses, and blaspheming prayers" is absent in the earlier editions though required for the rhyme; so lines 299-301 of the Letter to Maria Gisborne.
Prayers For The Dead >>
This sudden leap into popularity seems to have been occasioned in connexion with a veiled allusion to Irving's striking eloquence made in the House of Commons by Canning, who had been induced to attend his church from admiration of an expression in one of his prayers, quoted to him by Sir James Mackintosh.
This famous navigator, who named the islands in honour of the earl of Sandwich, was received by the natives with many demonstrations of astonishment and delight; and offerings and prayers were presented to him by their priest in one of the temples; and though in the following year he was killed by a native when he landed in Kealakekua Bay in Hawaii, his bones were preserved by the priests and continued to receive offerings and homage from the people until the abolition of idolatry.
By a true instinct the early Christian writers called widows and orphans the altar of God on which the sacrifices of almsgiving are offered up. 4 Such works of charity, however, represent only one of the channels by which self-sacrifice is ministered, to which all prayers and thanksgiving and instruction of psalms, prophecy and preaching contribute.
The objection raised by the Aquitanian presbyter Vigilantius (c. 400) to the belief that the souls of the martyrs to a certain extent clung to their ashes, and heard the prayers of those who approached them, appeared to his contemporaries to be frivolous;.
In the American Prayer Book the office of Commination is omitted, with the exception of the three concluding prayers, which are derived from the prayers and anthems said or sung during the blessing and distribution of the ashes according to the Sarum Missal.
46); above all, they offered prayers to the sun, after the manner denounced in Ezekiel (viii.
The Bogomils repudiated infant baptism, and considered the baptismal rite to be of a spiritual character neither by water nor by oil but by self-abnegation, prayers and chanting of hymns.
Prayers were to be said in private houses, not in separate buildings such as churches.
These men were specially Service trained at Dehra Dun in the work of surveying, and entered Tibet with a strong wooden box with a specially concealed secret drawer for holding observing instruments, .a prayer wheel with rolls of blank paper instead of prayers in the barrel on which observations might be noted, and lamaic rosaries by the beads of which each hundred paces might be counted.
And when they had been served with wines and spices they went away leaving only the candidate, the esquires, " the priest, the chandler and the watch," who kept the vigil of arms until sunrise, the candidate passing the night " bestowing himself in orisons and prayers."
Family prayers were forbidden if any outside the immediate family were present, and religious services at the graveside were prohibited.
The singing of this is followed by bidding prayers for the peace and unity of the church, for the pope, the clergy, all ranks and conditions of men, the sovereign, for catechumens, the sick and afflicted, heretics and schismatics, Jews and heathen.
The priest merely places the Sacrament on the altar, censes it, elevates and breaks the host, and communicates, the prayers and responses interspersed being peculiar to the day.
In the Church of England the history of the Passion from the gospel according to John is also read; the collects for the day are based upon the bidding prayers which are found in the Ordo Romanus.
The "three hours" service, borrowed from Roman Catholic usage and consisting of prayers, addresses on the "seven last words from the cross" and intervals for meditation and silent prayer, has become very popular in the Anglican Church, and the observance of the day is more marked than formerly among Nonconformist bodies, even in Scotland.
After this the priest blesses the palms in a series of prayers, that those who receive them "may be protected in soul and body," and that "into whatever place they may be brought the inhabitants of that place may obtain Thy benediction: and all adversity being removed, &c."
All grow from small beginnings and increase by a sort of popular contagion; all teach that God is to be appeased by prayers, presents, vows, but especially, and most irrationally, by human suffering.
It prescribes severe simplicity of dress and of life, and certain abstinences and prayers and other religious exercises, and forbids the frequentation of the theatre, the bearing of arms and the taking of oaths except when administered by magistrates.
During this period her son died and was miraculously restored to life in answer to the prayers of the prophet (1 Kings xvii.
Scott, 3 vols., 1905), and then the Letters, the Prayers and Meditations, and the Poems, to which may doubtfully be added the once idolized Rasselas.
After a great number of formalities and prayers, the pope pronounces the sentence, and indicates eventually the day on which he will proceed to the ceremony of canonization, which takes place with great solemnity in the basilica of St Peter.
The Perfect formed the ordained priesthood, were women no less than men, and controlled the church; they received from the Believers unquestioning obedience, and as vessels of election in whom the Holy Spirit already dwelt, they were adored by the faithful, who were taught to prostrate themselves before them whenever they asked for their prayers.
There followed the Renunciation, primitive enough in form, but the postulant solemnly renounced, not Satan and his works and pomp, but the harlot church of the persecutors, whose prayers were more deadly than desirable.
"But the Christians offer up prayers for them, that they may turn from their error; and when one of them turns, he is ashamed before the Christians of the deeds that were done by him, and he confesses to God saying: ` In ignorance I did these things '; and he cleanses his heart, and his sins are forgiven him, because he did them in ignorance in former time, when he was blaspheming the true knowledge of the Christians."
Every Moslem who says his five prayers regularly - as the most of them do - repeats it not less than twenty times a day.
Ubay, on the other hand, had embodied two additional short prayers, which we may regard as Mahomet's.
In spite of all the precautions they took and the contracts they made, the Egyptians could never quite rid themselves of the dread that their tombs might decay and their cult be neglected; and they sought therefore to obtain by prayers and threats what they feared they might lose altogether.
On the 12th of Safar 1220 (May 12th, 1805) the sheiks, with an immense concourse of the inhabitants, assembled in the house of the 1~alI; and the ulema, amid the prayers and ~
The Germans waged war for saline streams, and believed that the presence of salt in the soil invested a district with peculiar sanctity and made it a place where prayers were most readily heard (Tac. ut sup.).
Anglicanism was a limb of Antichrist; extempore prayers were regarded as inspired: a liturgy was " a Mass-book."
Rost related be true, namely that they called themselves A postolici, and went barefooted healing the sick, they must have at least absorbed into themselves a sect of whom we hear in the 12th century in the north of Europe as deferring baptism to the age of 30, and rejecting oaths, prayers for the dead, relics and invocation of saints.
With regard to his own times - the early years of the 4th century - the same authority recounts that believers kept streaming to Palestine from all regions, there to offer their prayers at a cavern shown on the Mount of Olives (Demonstr.
Jerome in particular considered it an act of faith for a man to offer his prayers where the feet of the Lord had stood, and the traces of the Birth, of the Cross, and of the Passion were still to be seen (Ep. 47, 2).
Pilgrimages were conceived as means to ensure an answer to particular prayers.
The place to be visited was not specified; but the pilgrim, who was bound by an open letter of his bishop to disclose himself as a pentitent, lay under the obligation, wherever he went, to repair to the churches and - more especially - the tombs of the saints, and there offer his prayers.
In the 12th century these religious expeditions were still so common that, every Sunday, prayers were offered in church for the pilgrims (Honor.
In some cases, however, the father of a family was priest in his own household and presented offerings and prayers to the family god.
The first-fruits of a crop were usually dedicated to the gods to prevent them from being angry; and new canoes, fishing-nets, &c., were dedicated by prayers and offerings, in order that the gods might be propitious to their owners in their use.
29) the hermit Paul of the 4th century who threw away a pebble as he recited each of his 300 daily prayers; and a canon of the English synod of Cealcythe in 816 (Mansi xiv.
4) says that Godiva, who founded a religious house at Coventry in 1040, left a string of jewels, on which she had told her prayers, that it might be hung on the statue of the Blessed Virgin.
Similar expedients to assist the memory in repetitions of prayers occur among Buddhists and Mahommedans: in the former case the prayers are said on a string of some hundred beads, called the tibet-pren-ba or the ten-wa; in the latter case, the so-called tasbih has 33, 66 or 99 beads, and is used for the repetition of the 99 names which express the attributes of God.
A monument of the labours of the missionaries is a manuscript dictionary (c. 1720) of the language of the Illinois, with catechism and prayers, probably the work of Father Le Boulanger.
A penance of several years fasting might be commuted into saying so many prayers, or giving an arranged amount in alms, or even into a money-fine.
The priests and people besought Heliodorus to leave this sacred treasure untouched, but he persisted and - in answer to their prayers - was overthrown by a horse with a terrible rider and scourged by two youths.
The mantras or sayings composing the Samhita of the Atharva Veda differ from those of the other Vedas by being in the form of spells rather than prayers or hymns, and seem to indicate a stage of religion lower than that of the Rig Veda.
When the ring of St Zanobius and the blood of Cape Verde turtles gave him no relief from his last illness, he showered gifts upon his patron saints, secured for his own benefit the masses of his clergy, and the most potent prayers in Christendom, those of the two most effective saints of his day, Bernardin of Doulins and Francis of Paolo.
His fervent prayers were interrupted by instructions for the regency which was to follow.
The incantations pass over naturally into hymns and prayers.
The connexion between the two is illustrated by the application of the term shiptu, " incantation," to the direct appeals to the gods, as well as by the introduction, on the one hand, of genuine prayers into the incantations and by the addition, on the other hand, of incantations to prayers and hymns, pure and simple.
Animal sacrifice, libations, ritualistic purification, sprinkling of water, and symbolical rites of all kinds accompanied by short prayers, represent a religious practice which in the Babylonian-Assyrian religion, as in all religions, is older than any theology and survives the changes which the theoretical substratum of the religion undergoes.
Though, in accounting for the anger of the gods, no sharp distinction is made between moral offences and a ritualistic oversight or neglect, yet the stress laid in the hymns and prayers, as well as in the elaborate atonement ritual prescribed in order to appease the anger of the gods, on the need of being clean and pure in the sight of the higher powers, the inculcation of a proper aspect of humility, and above all the need of confessing one's guilt and sins without any reserve - all this bears testimony to the strength which the ethical factor acquired in the domain of the religion.
A number of hymns and prayers addressed to the chief Babylonian gods, and written throughout in the Sumerian language, have been found at Nippur, and these may be dated in the era of the kings of Ur and Isin, since some of them are mentioned by name in the petitions.
While cellular separation, except at work, at prayers or exercise, is strictly maintained, labour is in association under the close and constant supervision of officials.
694), at the moment when the people were assembled in the mosque for morning prayers, an unknown young man of insignificant appearance, with a veil over his face, ascended the pulpit.
Though in public prayers and on the coins the name of the caliph remained as that of the supreme authority, he had in reality no authority out of the palace, so that the saying became proverbial, "he contents himself with sermon and coin."
Yemen had been subjected, and at Mecca and Medina his name was substituted in the public prayers for that of the Fatimite caliph.
Philip supported the clergy against the feudal lords, and in many cases against the burgesses of the towns, but rigidly exacted from them the performance of their secular duties, ironically promising to aid the clergy of Reims, who had failed to do so, "with his prayers only" against the violence of the lords of Rethel and Roucy.
A number of priests attend and repeat prayers for the repose of the soul of the departed.
Upon arriving at the "tower of silence" the bier is laid down, and prayers are said in the sagri, or house of prayer, containing a fire-sanctuary; which is erected near the entrance to the garden.
The priests stand before the urns in which the celestial fire is kept burning, and recite prayers for the soul of the departed.
Prayers are said before these iron frames two or three times a day.
The people attend on the hills where the "towers of silence" are situated, and perform in the sagris prayers for the departed souls.
The Parsee scriptures require the last ten days of the year to be spent in doing deeds of charity, and in prayers of thanksgiving to Ahura-Mazda.
They rise early, and after having performed their prayers and ablutions dress themselves in a new suit of clothes, and sally forth to the "fire-temples," to worship the emblem of their divinity, the sacred fire, which is perpetually burning on the altar.
where worship was divided between the serpent and the Mosaic Law, it is said that the great dragon was burst asunder by the prayers of Christian saints (c. A.D.
After the resurrection he was the object of praise, and soon prayers were offered in his name and to him.
It is believed that such souls continue to be members of the Church of Christ; that they are helped by the suffrages of the living - that is, by prayers, alms and other good works, and more especially by the sacrifice of the Mass; and that, although delayed until "the last farthing is paid," their salvation is assured.
376): "Such souls as have departed with faith but without having had time to bring forth fruits meet for repentance may be aided towards the attainment of a blessed resurrection by prayers offered in their behalf, especially such as are offered in union with the oblation of the bloodless sacrifice of the Body and Blood of Christ, and by works of mercy done in faith for their memory."
The efficacy of prayers for the dead, and indirectly the doctrine of purgatory, were denied by early Gnostic sects, by Aerius in the 4th century, and by the Waldenses, Cathari, Albigenses and Lollards in the middle ages.
In the forms of worship favoured by votaries of these creeds the emotional and erotic elements are allowed yet freer scope than in those that preceded them; and, as an effective auxiliary to these tendencies, the use of the vernacular dialects in prayers and hymns of praise takes an important part in the religious service.
Later in his reign, probably in 614, he defeated the Welsh in a great battle at Chester and massacred the monks of Bangor who were assembled to aid them by their prayers.
He was specially admitted as an extraordinary member of the great priestly colleges; his name was included by the Arval Brethren in their prayers for the safety of the emperor and his house; at the games in the circus his appearance in triumphal dress contrasted significantly with the simple toga praetexta worn by Britannicus.
By introducing into his church a printed book of prayers and also an organ, Dr Lee stirred up vehement controversies in the church courts, which resulted in the recognition of the liberty of congregations to improve their worship. The Church Service Society, having for its object the study of ancient and modern liturgies, with a view to the preparation of forms of prayer for public worship, was founded in 1865; it has published eight editions of its " Book of Common Order," which, though at first regarded with suspicion, has been largely used by the clergy.
Raphael, "one of the seven holy angels, which present the prayers of the saints, and go in before the glory of the Holy One," resembles the protecting spirit Sraosha.
Zera`im (" seeds "), the first Order, on agriculture, is introduced by (I) Berakath (" blessings "), on daily and other prayers and blessings.
20); (3) Tephillin (prayers, phylacteries); (4) the fringes (Num.
According to Peter the Venerable, Henry's teaching is summed up as follows: rejection of the doctrinal and disciplinary authority of the church; recognition of the Gospel freely interpreted as the sole rule of faith; condemnation of the baptism of infants, of the eucharist, of the sacrifice of the mass, of the communion of saints, and of prayers for the dead; and refusal to recognize any form of worship or liturgy.
Higher in rank came various mediating forms, like Wisdom, Memra (the Word) or Shekinah (the Presence), more or less definitely personalized. :Mahommedanism still recognizes innumerable jinn peopling the solitudes of the desert, and over the grave of the deceased saint a little mosque is built, and prayers are offered and miracles performed.
He believed strongly in the power of prayer and repeatedly had assurances that his prayers were heard; and when he was disappointed by non-fulfilment his grief and depression were terrible.
4 (Heb.); the prayers, verses 21 f., Neh.
The psyc to him from many German - and in m fundamental original searching, but narro little more than one special prayers and exorcisms; oil from the lamps lit before the altar has a peculiar virtue of its own, perhaps because it can be burned to give light, and disappears to heaven in doing so.
Prayers were offered everywhere for his recovery, and the country was swept by a delirium of loyal enthusiasm, which conferred on him the title of Louis le bien aline'.
Starting with "truth" contained in Scripture as the church's foundation, and the Word and Sacraments as means of building it up, it provides ministers and elders to be elected by the congregations, with a subordinate class of "readers," and by their means sermons and prayers each "Sunday" in every parish.
The leader of the prayers in a mosque is the pishnamaz, and the crier to prayers is the muazzin.
The Avesta is divided into three parts: (I) Yasna, with an appendix, Visparad, a collection of prayers and forms for divine service; (2) Vendidad, containing directions for purification and the penal code of the ancient Persians; (3) Khordah-Avesta, or the Small Avesta, containing the Yasht, the contents of which are for the most part mythological, with shorter prayers for private devotion.
PRAYING WHEEL, a mechanical apparatus used by the Lamaist Buddhists in Tibet and elsewhere for offering prayers.
Gradually there were added to these psalter choir-books additions in the form of antiphons, responses, collects or short prayers, for the use of those not skilful at improvisation and metrical compositions.
Already in the 8th century Prudentius, bishop of Troyes, had in a Breviarium Psalterii made an abridgment of the Psalter for the laity, giving a few psalms for each day, and Alcuin had rendered a similar service by including a prayer for each day and some other prayers, but no lessons or homilies.
The collects come at the close of the office and are short prayers summing up the supplications of the congregation.
With the crystallization of church order improvisation in prayer largely gave place to set forms, and collections of prayers were made which later developed into Sacramentaries and Orationals.
When only the central one is left it is taken clown and carried behind the altar, thus symbolizing the 1 All three conceptions are brought out in the prayers for the blessing of candles on the Feast of the Purification of the B.V.M.
everybody do nowadays reflect upon Oliver and commend him, what brave things he did and made all the neighbour princes fear him; while here a prince, come in with all the love and prayers and good liking of his people.
But Zeno declared images, shrines, temples, sacrifices, prayers and worship to be of no avail.
I); and in later times public prayers were offered to her on behalf of the emperor and the Roman people at the beginning of the year, in time of sickness, and on the emperor's birthday.
choir-boys, were to say their evening prayers there for his soul.
"The rubrics as retained from the Book of Geneva made provision for an extempore prayer before the sermon, and allowed the minister some latitude in the other two prayers.
The forms for the special services were more strictly imposed, but liberty was also given to vary some of the prayers in them.
It will be convenient here to give the contents of the edition printed by Andrew Hart at Edinburgh in 1611, and described (as was usually the case) as The Psalmes of David in Meeter, with the Prose, whereunto is added Prayers commonly used in the Kirke, and private houses; with a perpetuall Kalendar and all the Changes of the Moone that shall happen for the space of Six Yeeres to come.
They are as follows: (i.) The Calendar; (ii.) The names of the Faires of Scotland; (iii.) The Confession of Faith used at Geneva and received by the Church of Scotland; (iv.-vii.) Concerning the election and duties of Ministers, Elders and Deacons, and Superintendent; (viii.) An order of Ecclesiastical Discipline; (ix.) The Order of Excommunication and of Public Repentance; (x.) The Visitation of the Sick; (xi.) The Manner of Burial; (xii.) The Order of Public Worship - Forms of Confession and Prayer after Sermon; (xiii.) Other Public Prayers; (xiv.) The Administration of the Lord's Supper; (xv.) The Form of Marriage; (xvi.) The Order of Baptism; (xvii.) A Treatise on Fasting with the order thereof; (xviii.) The Psalms of David; (xix.) Conclusions or Doxologies; (xx.) Hymns - metrical versions of the Decalogue, Magnificat, Apostles' Creed, &c.; (xxi.) Calvin's Catechism; (xxii.
and xxiii.) Prayers for Private Houses and Miscellaneous Prayers, e.g.
Early in the 17th century under the twofold influence of the Dutch Church, with which the Scottish clergy were in close connexion, and of James I.'s endeavours to "justle out" a liturgy which gave the liberty of "conceiving" prayers, ministers began in prayer to read less and extemporize more.
Turning again to the legislative history, in 1567 the prayers were done into Gaelic; in 1579 parliament ordered all gentlemen and yeomen holding property of a certain value to possess copies.
The assembly of 1601 declined to alter any of the existing prayers but expressed a willingness to admit new ones.
An Aberdeen printer named Raban was publicly censured for having on his own authority shortened one of the prayers.
The Directory was meant simply to make known "the general heads, the sense and scope of the Prayers and other parts of Public Worship," and if need be, "to give a help and furniture."
Simon Magus had given out that he was going to be translated to heaven, and was actually careering through the air in a chariot drawn by demons when Peter and Paul knelt down and prayed, and their prayers brought him to earth a mangled corpse.
The reading of the Vendidad in this case may, when viewed according to the original intention, be taken as corresponding in some sense to the sermon, while that of the Yasna and Vispered may be said to answer to the hymns and prayers of Christian worship.
the Little Avesta, comprises a collection of shorter prayers designed for all believers - the laity included - and adapted for the various occurrences of ordinary life.
A priest is summoned, and, if his prayers and curses fail, a small boy is drugged, and "whatever person he dreams of is fixed on as the criminal..
He read prayers on Wednesdays and Fridays to himself and his clerk, beginning the exhortation "Dearly beloved Roger, the Scripture moveth you and me in sundry places."
During the pilgrimage Garnet asked for the prayers of the company " for some good success for the Catholic cause at the beginning of parliament."
After the establishment of Christianity, the consular processions in Constantinople retained their religious character, now proceeding to St Sophia, where Prayers and offerings were made; but in Rome, where Christianity was not so widely spread among the upper classes, the tendency was to convert the procession into a purely civil function, omitting the pagan rites and prayers, without substituting Christian ones (Dahremberg and Saglio, s.v.
Such were those of the Ambarvalia, Robigalia, &c., which were essentially rustic festivals, lustrations of the fields, consisting in a procession round the spot to be purified, leading the sacrificial victims with prayers, hymns and ceremonies, in order to protect the young crops from evil influences.
Very early were the processions accompanied by hymns and prayers, known as litaniae (Gr.
Hitherto they had been erratic, lukewarm and poorly attended (vagae, tepentes, infrequentesque); those which he instituted were characterized by fasting, prayers, psalms and tears."
cap. 6), appoints and regulates processions and public prayers outside the churches.
used heretofore in the days of rogations" were ordered to be observed by the Injunctions of Queen Elizabeth in 1559; and for these processions certain "psalms, prayers and homilies" were prescribed.
He was constant in attendance at prayers and sermons.
The principal books by Beecher, besides his published sermons, are: Seven Lectures to Young Men (1844); Plymouth Collection of Hymns and Tunes (1855); Star Papers, Experiences of Art and Nature (1855); Life Thoughts (1858); New Star Papers; or Views and Experiences of Religious Subjects (1859); Plain and Pleasant Talks about Fruits, Flowers and Farming (1859); American Rebellion, Report of Speeches delivered in England at Public Meetings in Manchester, Glasgow, Edinburgh, Liverpool, and London (1864); Prayers from Plymouth Pulpit (1867); Norwood: A Tale of Village Life in New England (1867); The Life of Jesus the Christ (1871), completed in 2 vols., by his sons (1891); and Yale Lectures on Preaching (3 vols., 1872-1874).
She interceded in 1331 with the king for some carpenters whose careless work on a platform resulted in an accident to herself and her ladies, and on 'a more famous occasion her prayers saved the citizens of Calais from Edward's vengeance.
There appears to be no locus poenitentiae for serious sins excepting in the case of catechumens, and there is a notable " perfectionist " tone in many of the prayers.
With regard to the prayers, they are based upon forms common to this and other Church orders, but have many lengthy interpolations of an inflated and rhapsodic kind.
AZAN (Arabic for "announcement"), the call or summons to public prayers proclaimed by the Muezzin (crier) from the mosque twice daily in all Mahommedan countries.
The summons to prayers was at first simply "Come to prayer!"
From a political point of view the sherif is the modern counterpart of the ancient amirs of Mecca, who were named in the public prayers immediately after the reigning caliph.
Though ignorant of the legal ritual and prayers, they performed the tawaf with enthusiasm, throwing themselves against the Ka`ba and clinging to its curtains as a child clings to its mother.
The night should be spent in devotion, but the coffee booths do a lively trade, and songs are as common as prayers.
In the afternoon the essential ceremony begins; it consists simply in "standing" on Arafa shouting "Labbeyka" and reciting prayers and texts till sunset.
He was a supporter of the principles of Abraham Geiger, and while still in`Germany advocated the introduction of prayers in the vernacular, the exclusion of nationalistic hopes from the synagogue service, and other ritual modifications.
Macarius of Jerusalem (op. cit.) declares that the grace of the spirit is given in answer to our prayers and entreaties for it, and that even a font is not needful, but only the wish and desire for grace.
Only so far as we can get away from the modern view that a person's name is a trifling accident, and breathe the atmosphere which broods over ancient religions, can we understand the use of the name in baptisms, exorcisms, prayers, purifications and consecrations.
Less serious sins, again, were held to be adequately dealt with by ordinary prayers, such as the Lord's Prayer, or by the public prayers of the church.
Two disastrous results not infrequently arose: a money payment was often allowed in lieu of acts of penance, and the prayers and merits of others were held to supply.
which contains Cyrus's proclamation to the Babylonians his name is joined to that of his father in the prayers to Marduk.
The idea prevalent with the more liberal minds amongst the clergy was that of comprehensionthat is to say, of so modifying the prayers and ceremonies of the church as to enable the dissenters cheerfully to enter in.
It is a story, in itself exceedingly humorous, showing how a parrot, the delight of a convent, whose talk was all of prayers and pious ejaculations, was conveyed to another convent as a visitor to please the nuns.
The Great Fast continues fifty-five days; nothing is eaten except bread and vegetables, and that only in the afternoon, when church prayers are over.
To this latter indulgence is to be attributed the apparent indifferentism which leads to their joining Moslems in prayers and ablutions, or sprinkling themselves with holy water in Maronite churches.
12, furnish copies of the letters of Artaxerxes referred to in these verses; the third and fourth, which are inserted after chap. iv., consist of the prayers of Mordecai and Esther, with an account of Esther's approach to the king.
ELEAZER KALIR [QALIR], Hebrew liturgical poet, whose hymns (piyyutim) are found in profusion in the festival prayers of the German synagogal rite.
Some beautiful renderings of Kalir's poems may be found in the volumes of Davis & Adler's edition of the German Festival Prayers entitled Service of the Synagogue.
If so, parliament was told that temporal possessions ruin the church and drive out the Christian graces of faith, hope and charity; that the priesthood of the church in communion with Rome was not the priesthood Christ gave to his apostles; that the monk's vow of celibacy had for its consequence unnatural lust, and should not be imposed; that transubstantiation was a feigned miracle, and led people to idolatry; that prayers made over wine, bread, water, oil, salt, wax, incense, altars of stone, church walls, vestments, mitres, crosses, staves, were magical and should not be allowed; that kings should possess the jus episcopale, and bring good government into the church; that no special prayers should be made for the dead; that auricular confession made to the clergy, and declared to be necessary for salvation, was the root of clerical arrogance and the cause of indulgences and other abuses in pardoning sin; that all wars were against the principles of the New Testament, and were but murdering and plundering the poor to win glory for kings; that the vows of chastity laid upon nuns led to child murder; that many of the trades practised in the commonwealth, such as those of goldsmiths and armourers, were unnecessary and led to luxury and waste.
And they setten in these houses mawmets, of stocks and stones, to fore them they knelen privilich and apert and maken their prayers, and all this they say is they worship..
His poetical gifts he turned to admirable account in his translation of the Festival Prayers (Mahzor, 9 vols., 1855), a new feature of which was the metrical rendering of the medieval Hebrew hymns.
At the convocation in 1661 he played a prominent part in the revision of the prayer-book, and endeavoured with some success to bring both prayers and rubrics into completer agreement with ancient liturgies.
Calvin went to Viret's aid and brought Caroli before the commissioners of Bern on a charge of advocating prayers for the dead as a means of their earlier resurrection.
After this the trance or fit always returned when she was at prayers, and she felt that Christ was close to her.
The epistles of Pope Siricius (who wished to stand well with the people) are full of scorn for these ascetics, and the Leonine sacramentary contains prayers which severely denounce them.
to Pope Adrian IV., the only Englishman who has ever occupied the "Bull" of papal chair, the pope in response to the envoy ' s prayers granted to the king of the English the hereditary lordship of Ireland, sending a letter, with a ring as the symbol of investiture.
the usual prayers demand for the deceased the power of going and coming from and to everywhere under any form they like."
As an almost universal rule, in the lowest culture, no prayers are addressed to this being; he has no sacrifices, no dwelling made with hands; and the images of him, in clay, that are made and danced round with invocations of his name at the tribal ceremonies of initiation, are destroyed at the close of the performances.
The most highly developed All-Father is the Baiame or Byamee of the Euahlayi tribe of north-western New South Wales, to whom prayers for the welfare of the souls of the dead are, or recently were, addressed - the tribe dwelling a hundred miles away from the nearest missionary station (Protestant).'
The All-Father belief is most potent among the lowest races, and always tends to become obsolete under the competition of serviceable ancestral spirits, or gods made in the image of such spirits, who can be bribed by sacrifices or induced by prayers to help man in his various needs.
In Dieri they are called Mura-Mura, and to them prayers are made for rain, accompanied by rain-making magic ceremonies, which in this case may be a symbolical expression of the prayers.
The prayers addressed to TsuiGoab are simple and natural in character, the " private ejaculations " of men in moments of need or distress.
So in still later tradition, all the sons of Jacob with the exception of Joseph find their last resting-place at Hebron, and in Jewish prayers for the dead it is besought that their souls may be bound up with those of the patriarchs, or that they may go to the cave of Machpelah and thence to the Cherubim.
Neither the prayers nor the threats of Richelieu, who wished indeed to destroy Spain but not Catholicism, nor the death of Gustavus Adolphus at Llltzen (1632), could repair the evils caused by this immoderate ambition.
Prayers and resignation were the only solace left for the hardships endured by his subjects.
Bossuet, Louis XIV.s mouthpiece, triumphed in his turn over the quietism of Madame Guyon, a mystic who recognized neither definite dogmas nor formal prayers, but abandoned herself to the torrent of the forces of God.
reference to prayers for the dead and purgatory (xii.
Philopator insisted on entering the sanctuary at Jerusalem, but was struck down by the Almighty in answer to the prayers of the horrified Jews.
They concern, chiefly, such matters as ritual, prayers, soberness in food and raiment, the cost of marriage and the behaviour of women.
The scheme at first was no more than a series of evening meetings in a hall (the Oratory), at which there were prayers, hymns, readings from Scripture, from the fathers, and from the Martyrology, followed by a lecture, or by discussion of some religious question proposed for consideration.
The former are (I) the Dohabali, consisting of 573 miscellaneous doha and soratha verses; of this there is a duplicate in the Reim-satsai, an arrangement of seven centuries of verses, the great majority of which occur also in the Dohabali and in other works of Tulsi; (2) the Kabitta Ramayan or Kabittabali, which is a history of Rama in the kabitta, ghanakshari, chhappai and sawaiya metres; like the Ram-charitmanas, it is divided into seven kands or cantos, and is devoted to setting forth the majestic side of Rama's character; (3) the GitRamayan, or Gitabali, also in seven kands, aiming at the illustration of the tender aspect of the Lord's life; the metres are adapted for singing; (4) the Krishnawali or Krishna gitabali, a collection of 61 songs in honour of Krishna, in the Kanauji dialect: the authenticity of this is doubtful; and (5) the Binay Pattrika, or "Book of petitions," a series of hymns and prayers of which the first 43 are addressed to the lower gods, forming Rama's court and attendants, and the remainder, Nos.
They condemned marriage (save, perhaps, first marriages), the eating of meat, baptism of children, veneration of saints, fasting, prayers for the dead and belief in purgatory, denied transubstantiation, declared the Catholic priesthood worthless, and considered the whole church of their time corrupted by the "negotia saecularia" which absorbed all 1 One result is their inability to form a true theory of Judaism and of the Old Testament in relation to the Gospel, a matter of great moment for them and for their successors.
He could only be invoked under the open sky, as partaking of the nature of a god of light and day; hence a round opening was made in the roof of his temple through which prayers might ascend to heaven.
(c) The prostrati or gene flectentes, who were allowed also to take part in the prayers.
This feature originated in the 5th century, when Mamercus, bishop of Vienna, instituted special prayers and fasting and processions on these days.
Religious training was confined to instruction in the forms of the Orthodox Church and the repetition of prayers by rote; dogmatic questions Nicholas neither understood nor cared about; and, in spite of his reverence for his brother Alexander, the latter's mysticism had not the faintest influence upon him.
All her prayers had fallen on deaf ears â€” or as Alex had once said; God was answering.
Had the refugees known their eventual destination, their prayers on Friday afternoon would have been especially fervent.
ablution before prayers.
Following prayers led by the Chaplain, the assembly adjourned.
airless room, which hummed with the interminable drone of prayers.
Rather, our prayers can be confident, daring, even audacious.
read books about prayer or a book of prayers, being prepared to stop reading in order to pray.
After prayers everyone went to his work as usual, and the butcher killed a bullock.
Two days later a police tear gas canister was fired into a mosque during Friday prayers.
The service ends with prayers for the new cardinals.
clattering off prayers for the edification of the others at their work.
Paperback from Bible Reading Fellowship £ 5.99 100 Favorite Prayers Lois Rock A cheerful and comprehensive compendium of prayers for everyday.
deconsecrated church, could be the answer to her prayers.
The Steward reads Prayers in the Family twice a Day, and maintains an exemplary decorum in the House.
delirious with fever get out of bed to say his prayers five times a day.
devour widows ' houses and for a show make lengthy prayers.
Prayers are said for the members in our diocese and in our linked dioceses, especially from 26 January to 31 January each year.
If that is wrong then our prayers will continue to feel earthbound, and God will seem distant.
ejaculatory prayers throughout the day.
Designed for cathedral evensong prayers, with arm slits allowing a wider view.
extemporary prayers in which their voices are not really distinct.
formalityn keep your prayers from becoming mere formalities?
David had managed to get the Knickerbocker glory into his prayers!
The hypocritical prayer closely imitates the conduct of real prayers.
incantations used by unbelievers, which read like parodies of standard prayers.
intones prayers in honor of the Prophet.
Consequently, I began to grow lax in complying with the requirements of the formal prayers.
mealtime prayers, or graces which are great fun for kids to join in.
We would like to thank Canon Philip Dearden for his prayers and comforting ministrations during our father's illness and on his final journey.
How very needful, therefore, it is to give earnest heed to the moral basis on which our prayers are presented.
offertory prayers made silently by the celebrant seems all wrong.
Accordingly, prayers of supplication or thanksgiving were offered up to the Buddhist pantheon painted and sculpted in the myriad caves.
He began to try what prayers would do, but city prayers were vain against the great rural potentate.
My father, who before had often read the Koran and never missed his obligatory prayers, became an atheist after this search.
Mike Beal read the bidding prayers in a week of horror in London and in many places around the world.
prayers of the saints, ascended up before God.
professed to believe, they have put themselves beyond the reach of the church's prayers.
Perhaps psalm praying means praying the psalms in short, and praying long prayers like the prayers at the root of the psalms.
Upon the Friday following, when the prayers were over, ' Othman ascended the pulpit.
PURGATORY Souls departed: being a defense and declaration of the Catholic Church's doctrine touching purgatory Souls departed: being a defense and declaration of the Catholic Church's doctrine touching purgatory and prayers for the dead.
Read books about prayer or a book of prayers, being prepared to stop read books about prayer or a book of prayers, being prepared to stop reading in order to pray.
Prayers for the dead were declared illegal by the Protestant reformers in the late 1530s.
The devotee spends his time in prayers, worship and constant remembrance of the deity of his choice.
Enter your prayer request for those in need or post your praise in our prayers answered pages.
My brother Taylor read prayers, and assisted at the truly blessed sacrament.
sanctifyurch is sanctified by the prayers of the believers.
The aim of the day is to support seafarers and the work of the Church alongside them with prayers and reflections.
He converted the church porch into a wayside shrine where people could write their requests for prayers in a book.
This book offers a hundred simple prayers rooted in everyday experience, the commonplace offering a springboard to personal devotion.
supererogatory prayers, and specially recommended prayers are not binding.
As for devotions and invocations, whoever wisheth may, after the Obligatory Prayers, recite other supplications of the Blessed Perfection.
sustenance for sixteen poor persons, one of whom was to act as warden and read prayers daily.
tending the altar fires, and offering prayers to Mithra at dawn, noon and dusk.
thanksgiving prayers to ancestors.
Our thoughts and prayers are with the victims and families affected by the horrendous tragedy of 7.7.
tremble to You for the prayers offered by a trembling soul.
unbounded confidence in your prayers.
unite in prayer with one another and with Mothers Prayers groups throughout the world.
wayside shrine where people could write their requests for prayers in a book.
They devour widows ' houses and for a show make lengthy prayers.
On the 12th of February 1420 proceedings were begun before him against William Taylor, priest, who had been for fourteen years excommunicated for heresy, and was now degraded and burnt for saying that prayers ought not to be addressed to saints, but only to God.
With an appeal for their prayers and a brief benediction, the epistle then closes (xv.
Nevertheless, instances are not wanting amongst the Greeks of private prayers of the loftiest and most disinterested tone (cf.
We may observe how even a very primitive people such as the Arunta of Australia behaves with the greatest solemnity at its ceremonies, and professes to be made "glad" and "strong" thereby; whilst of his countrymen, whom he would not trust to pray in private, Plato testifies that in the temples during the sacrificial prayers "they show an intense earnestness and with eager interest talk to the Gods and beseech them" (Laws, 887).
Perhaps the discrepancy is to be explained by supposing that the pious tsar did not consider all his victims as servants of the Lord, whose souls deserved the prayers of the faithful.
But if a catechumen be found at the table, she shall not be suffered to join with the full believers in their prayers, nor shall the latter sit with her to eat the morsel" (ifiwÃ¯¿½ov, used specially of the sanctified bread).
"Nor shall they sit with frivolous and joking women, if they can help it, for they are sanctified to God, and their food and drink have been hallowed by the prayers and holy words used over them..
Here at early morning on the 21st of December the emperor offers sacrifice on an open altar to Shang-ti, and at periods of drought or famine presents prayers for relief to the same supreme deity.
He was buried in a garden, but Abu'l Kasim Jurjani, chief sheikh of Tus, refused to read the usual prayers over his tomb, alleging that he was an infidel, and had devoted his life to the glorification of fire-worshippers and misbelievers.
those of preacher, teacher of Jews and Christians, reader of prayers, interpreter, writer, proof-reader, bookseller, broker, merchant, rabbi, musician, matchmaker and manufacturer of amulets."
In the Roman Catholic Church the amice, alb, girdle, stole, maniple, chasuble must be solemnly blessed by the bishop or his delegate, the prayers and other forms to be observed being set forth in the Pontificale (see Benediction).
As to the belief in the efficacy of the prayers of the saints for those still living on earth, and similarly in the efficacy of the prayers addressed to the saints, St Cyril of Jerusalem indicates in the following words the advantages of the commemoration of the saints: "Then we make mention also of those who have fallen asleep before us, first of patriarchs, prophets, apostles, martyrs, that God would at theirs prayers and intercessions receive our supplication" (Cat.
(15) Christ did not enjoin the building of churches and the furnishing of holy tables, and their anointing with myrrh and hallowing with a myriad of prayers.
10) ready to acknowledge its utility in counteracting unpleasant smells ("si me odor alicujus loci offenderit, Arabiae aliquid incendo"), is careful to say that he scorns to offer it as an accompaniment to his heartfelt prayers (Apol.
Catherine's works consist of (1) a treatise occupying a closelyprinted quarto volume, which Fra Raimondo describes as "a dialogue between a soul, which asked four questions of the Lord, and the same Lord, who made answer and gave instruction in many most useful truths," (2) letters, and (3) prayers.
The answer to this question will be in many cases negative or affirmative according to our strict adherence or the reverse to the definition of the priest set forth above as " a minister whose stated business it was to perform on behalf of the community certain ritual acts, in some cases sacrifices (or the recitation of prayers), directed Godwards."
In 1456, the recitation of a few prayers before a church crucifix earned a Pardon of 20,000 years for every such repetition (Glassberger in Analecta Franciscana, ii.
Serapion of Thmuis in Egypt, a younger contemporary of Athanasius, in his Eucharistic prayers combines the language of the Didache with a high sacramentalism alien to that document which now only survived in the form of a grace used at table in the nunneries of Alexandria (see Agape).
16) saw the "superstitious" man, as he passed by, take out his phial of oil, pour it over them, and kneel down before them to say his prayers.
From him he learned that amid the rocks was a chasm communicating with purgatory, from which rose perpetually the groans of tortured souls, the hermit asserting that he had also heard the demons complaining of the efficacy of the prayers of the faithful, and especially of the monks of Cluny, in rescuing their victims. On returning home the pilgrim hastened to inform the abbot of Cluny, who forthwith set apart the 2nd of November as a day of intercession on the part of his community for all the souls in purgatory.
In the canons of Hippolytus in the first half of the 3rd century we find this direction: "Let presbyters, subdeacons and readers, and all the people assemble daily in the church at time of cockcrow, and betake themselves to prayers, to psalms and to the reading of the Scriptures, according to the command of the Apostles, until I come attend to reading" (canon xxi.).
p. 268 et seq.), were forty-two in number, and were subdivided into six divisions, of which the first, containing ten books, was in charge of the " prophet " and dealt with laws, deities and the education of priests; the second, consisting of the ten books of the stolistes, the official whose duty it was to dress and ornament the statues of the gods, treated of sacrifices and offerings, prayers, hymns, festive processions; the third, of the " hierogrammatist," also in ten books, was called " hieroglyphics," and was a repertory of cosmographical, geographical and topographical information; the four books of the " horoscopus " were devoted to astronomy and astrology; the two books of the " chanter " contained respectively a collection of songs in honour of the gods and a description of the royal life and its duties; while the sixth and last division, consisting of the six books of the " pastophorus," was medical.
The Christian practice of repeating prayers is traceable to early times: Sozomen mentions (H.E.
In these series we can trace the attempt to gather the incantation formulae and prayers produced in different centres, and to make them conform to the tendency to centralize the cult in the worship of Marduk and his consort in the south, and of Assur and Ishtar in the north.
His son and successor al-Mostadi' biamri'llah ("he who seeks enlightenment by the orders of God"), though in Egypt his name was now substituted in public prayers for that of the Fatimite caliph, was unable to obtain any real authority.
He does not delight in prayers and praise, but he demands truth in the soul and bids man to walk humbly and deal righteously and mercifully with his brother (Micah vi.6-8; Isa.
are a devise for the good of the soul of the testator, a bequest to certain Roman Catholic priests that the testator may have the benefit of their prayers and masses, a bequest in trust to apply a fund to circulate a book teaching the supremacy of the pope in matters of faith, a bequest to maintain a taper for evermore before the image of Our Lady.
So, too, fire-worship, especially of the sacrificial flame; the preparation of the intoxicating soma, which fills man with divine strength and uplifts him to the gods; the injunction to good thoughts and good works, imposed on the pious by Veda and Avesta alike: the belief in an unwavering order (rta)a law controlling gods and men and dominating them all; yet with this, a belief in the power of magical formulae (mantra), exclamations and prayers, to whose compulsion not merely demons (the evil spirits of deception druh) but even the gods (daeva) must submit; and, lastly, the institution of a priesthood of fire-kindlers (athravan), who are at once the repositories of all sacral traditions and the mediators in all intercourse between earth and heaven.
It may be discerned in the interpolations in the prayers; possibly in the reference to the chief deacon, for elsewhere no single deacon is distinguished by name until the close of the 4th century; in the reference to the Epiphany, which is first heard of elsewhere at the beginning of the 4th century.
The prayers to which she surrendered herself most of all were those of repentance.
Despite the presence of the commander-in-chief, who attracted the attention of all the superior officers, the militiamen and soldiers continued their prayers without looking at him.
Platon Karataev knew nothing by heart except his prayers.
What will become of us if she dies, as I always fear when her face is like that? thought he, and placing himself before the icon he began to say his evening prayers.
PURGATORY Souls departed: being a defense and declaration of the Catholic Church 's doctrine touching purgatory and prayers for the dead.
I have sung songs in church and heard prayers that have transformed God into a purring cat and not a wild lion.
To keep count of the prayers, rosary beads are used.
Free Churches Free Church patients will welcome prayers but will not normally expect a sacramental ministry.
The Church is sanctified by the prayers of the believers.
Prayers were answered & a light shifty SE breeze slowly built all day.
Lowly whispered prayers to the saints and the Virgin, followed by shouts of praise or reproach to bulls and matadors !
But individual worship, invocations, supererogatory prayers, and specially recommended prayers are not binding.
It provided a home and sustenance for sixteen poor persons, one of whom was to act as warden and read prayers daily.
They were instrumental in the ceremonies, tending the altar fires, and offering prayers to Mithra at dawn, noon and dusk.
Often a tree or group of trees would be chosen to become a place of worship or of thanksgiving prayers to ancestors.
Glory to You for the prayers offered by a trembling soul.
Dear St. Ann, I have unbounded confidence in your prayers.
At our prayer meeting we unite in prayer with one another and with Mothers Prayers groups throughout the world.
If you have a small apartment, are trying to outfit a child's room or are actually living in a tiny loft, a loft bed may be the answer to your space-challenged prayers.
If you need solid support for a back problem, a platform bed may be the low cost answer your prayers too.
While lemon juice may seem like the answer to a freckled person's prayers, at best it provides only a temporary solution.
Photographs'''-Again, you can purchase beautifully framed Christian photos, or set up your own photographs, such as shooting pictures of a small child looking at a Bible or saying her bedtime prayers.
Prayers can be said in your own words or be memorized prayers.
Another option is to follow along with recorded prayers.
Prayers can also be recited among families as a personal way to bring faith into the event.
Poems and prayers that reflect high school graduation and celebrate this time in your life.
Graduation prayers might be incorporated into the ceremony itself if the school has a religious affiliation, such as a Catholic high school.
Otherwise, religious prayers are better kept between a circle of family or friends.
For religious students, special graduation prayers add a lot of meaning to the graduation ceremony.
Private Christian schools usually feature at least one special prayer and many secular institutions feature prayers as well at some point in the ceremony.
When putting together ideas for graduation, students look at prayers, music, slideshows and speakers.
Recent court battles have made prayers at public school graduations a hot button issue, but as long as freedom of speech exists, valedictorians and class presidents will likely continue their right to offer up a prayer of thanks heavenward.
There are many gray areas when it comes to prayer and graduation ceremonies, but such prayers are traditional at many schools.
Whether you plan to say a traditional prayer that has been said at your school every year since the doors opened or you plan to offer up a prayer for a specific purpose, there are many different types of prayers that can be uttered.
Prayers of Thanksgiving: Many graduates, and their parents, are quite thankful for the end of a successful high school career.
Prayers for Individuals: Although it is best when every student graduates happy and healthy, unfortunately this isn't always the case.
Prayers for the Future: The future is scary for many graduates.
Moment of Silence: Many schools choose to offer a moment of silence to avoid the debate over whether or not prayers at graduation impact separation of church and state.
Songs and Poetry: Some songs are prayers and can be played in lieu of an actual prayer.
When searching for examples of high school graduation prayers, it's important to consider several things.
Several court cases have called into question the legality of reciting prayers in public school, and the Supreme Court has ruled on this issue several times.
In 1992, the Supreme Court ruled that prayers led by clergy, specifically for invocations and benedictions at graduation ceremonies in public schools, should be banned.
However, just one year later, a federal appeals court ruled that prayers led by students should be allowed at graduation ceremonies, and justices refused to review the case.
This decision of the federal appeals court directly conflicts with the decision of another federal appeals court that decided student-led prayers should be banned.
Schools shouldn't enforce that prayers be given, nor should they censor religious expression by students.
As you look at examples of high school graduation prayers, remember that these are words of great importance, whether the prayer is denominational, non-denominational, or secular.
A wedding program is a listing of ceremony events - prayers, readings, etc. - for guests to follow along with during the wedding, particularly if they are not familiar with the couple's church, culture, or religious preferences.
Wedding ceremony readings, musical selections and prayers are also common in many wedding ceremonies within the Jewish faith.
I like many others made numerous foxhole prayers to God and probably will never be able to fulfill my promises.
On behalf of my family, we ask that your thoughts and prayers be with John and his loved ones."
Paula Abdul has responded to the "extreme fan's" death by publicly stating that she is "…deeply shocked and saddened" and that her "…heart and prayers go out to her family."
In essence, he sets his prayers to music with the hope that they strike a chord in the hearts of fellow worshipers.
Many types of religious jewelry featuring prayers and blessings are available.
Jewelry featuring prayers in the design are growing in popularity.
Rosary bracelets: Both Roman Catholic and Anglican rosary bracelets offer opportunities for a child to learn rosary prayers and provide a constant reminder to take time for prayer.
Scripture pendants and prayer charms: Giving a child a pendant or charm with verses from the Bible or from a prayer can help a child learn specific scripture or prayers.
Many of these designs come with inscriptions and even prayers on the opposite side of the charm.
Any damage inflicted will be countered with the prayers.
In what has been a trying time for PC gamers in search of something different from your typical hack-and-slash routine, NCSoft has offered what could be the answer to our prayers.
In answer to the villagers' prayers to kill the monster, the great spirit sent a powerful storm, which turned both mountaintop and warrior into stone.
Meek's Standing in the Circle of Grief: Prayers and Liturgies for Death and Dying can be such a tremendous help.
Depending on the traditions of the deceased's synagogue, Torah readings and other prayers often take place during the taharah.
Eulogies are generally delivered by close family members along with psalms and prayers.
In some religions, such as the Catholic faith, rows of votive candles are often lit at the feet of magnificent statues as church goers ask for answers to their prayers.
It often brings a deeper sense of tranquility to your time of prayers and meditation as you reflect on the meaning of the design or saying on the votive holder.
DLTK Holidays has links to several Christmas plays, poems, and prayers that can be used for your performance.
Christmas poetry, prayers and songs provide joyful expressions of the season.
Whether you choose to read verse written by someone else or try your hand at writing something, Christmas poetry, prayers and songs add a festive note to this happy time.
There's such a vast array of Christmas poetry, prayers, verse and stories available that you're sure to find one that's perfect for your special occasion.
Many literary greats have contributed Christmas poetry and prayers to the body of world literature celebrating the season.
Christmas prayers offer thanksgiving, joy and ask for blessings on the season.
You can find wonderful Christmas prayers at God Web.
From a blessing for the Christmas tree to prayers to say before opening gifts, these prayers remind the listener of the meaning in the season and to be thankful for God's blessings.
One of the most famous Christmas prayer festivals is the series of readings, prayers and songs called Lessons and Carols.
For the complete series of Christmas prayers that form the Lessons and Carols, Kings College offers some background based on their own famous interpretation and printable PDFs of the program.
Although there's plenty to choose from among the many Christmas poetry, prayers and songs available, you may wish to write your own.
The first step to writing your own Christmas poetry and prayers is to choose your theme.
The best poems and prayers come from the heart.
Poems and prayers may follow strict rhyme and meter conventions, or they may be free form expressions of sincere and heartfelt emotion.
Depending on your religious traditions, there may be some guidelines to writing your own prayers, or prayers may be simple.
With its glistening decorations and warm wishes, Christmas is a magical time to express yourself through prayers and poetry.
Poems and prayers are wonderful ways to wish others, "Merry Christmas."
DLTK's Sites - In addition to songs for preschoolers, you'll find Christmas poems, plays and prayers.
Blessings, wishes, prayers and warding off diseases are just some of the functions of the shamanic masks and the rituals behind them.
AZ" and "After only using your site for a few hours, I was able to find the answer to all my prayers.
In some churches, the ceremony may be a simple party at the conclusion of a purity program, while other congregations may opt for more elaborate events including youth prayers, a recitation of purity vows, hymns, or a special communion.
Worthy Webmaster: Free scripts for devotionals and prayers to put on a personal website or blog.
Guardian angels are said to stay with this person throughout his entire life, staying by a mortal in order to help protect him from harm and also to help communicate prayers to God.
Sometimes these knots were used to help a monk focus more closely on his prayers as he followed the threads around the chain.
Aside from the Japanese horimono, Thai tattoo artists are known to ink long and intricate Buddhist prayers on the chests of those who need spiritual and physical guidance.
The flames can be representational of the fierce power of God with the smoke as a means to transport prayers to Heaven.
One reason to wear this type of tattoo is to permanently carry the power of the rosary prayers.
It consists of a crucifix attached to a string of five beads: one for the Our Father prayer, three for Hail Mary prayers and one Glory Be prayer.
This short string is then attached to a loop of five "decades", or groups of ten beads representing ten Hail Mary prayers, each separated by a single bead for an Our Father prayer.
Visit the end of the earth wishing for the waves to enrapture your appetite, and all your prayers will be answered with delicious enticement.
Minute Solution Yoga is the answer to your prayers if you don't think you have the time to exercise.
"Someone remembers, someone cares; your name is whispered in someone's prayers."
Supplies needed include: squirrel pattern, teeth pattern, leaf and nut patterns, magnetic tape, craft sticks, prayers or gratitude paragraphs, glue, and craft foam in assorted fall colors.
If you've ever found yourself wishing for a shapelier figure, a panty girdle may just be the answer to your prayers.
Brooks could populate a best love song list on his own with songs like Unanswered Prayers and The Dance, but Shameless is his signature love song.
Studying Hebrew is an important part of many lessons, and the child must learn various prayers and passages from the Torah.
Sometimes, they will also have to lead part of the weekly synagogue service, lead the congregation through several prayers, and read the entire Torah section for the week.
The religious part of the service is usually followed by a party, and here the young girl may also be expected to make a speech or lead more prayers.
For instance, Orthodox Jews do not believe that women should read from the Torah or lead prayers at a service when there are males in attendance capable of doing so.
As the news emerged that they were going to have sextuplets, their community banded together and gave their support and prayers.
When Jon & Kate launched their first website they continually asked for things from the public in the way of prayers.
Prayers: Post prayers and prayer requests for your MySpace Friends.
You can sign up for the site and take quizzes, polls, find prayers, start a blog or start your own gallery.
The word usage examples above have been gathered from various sources to reflect current and historial usage. They do not represent the opinions of YourDictionary.com.