How to use Poverty in a sentence
Despite their poverty begging is practically unknown.
Bringing an end to poverty, then, will also help bring an end to hunger.
Poverty would be no more.
Poverty in sub-Saharan Africa is a contributing factor in any number of conflicts there.
To build a case for the end of poverty, we begin by discussing scarcity.Advertisement
Even Maria had gone uptown for the parade and festivities, surely a thrill compared to the rural poverty of her homeland.
For the meaning of the word abyona (" caper-berry," not "desire" or "poverty"), see art.
Mostly sons of poor parents, they live in extreme poverty, supporting themselves chiefly by translating and by tutorial work.
His childhood was passed in dire poverty.
His early life was a struggle with poverty.Advertisement
In the villages, land ownership is a key factor of poverty.
This has been a common situation throughout areas with high degrees of poverty and is certainly the case in Ethiopia.
Such is the poverty of our nomenclature.
This is a really crucial moment in the global fight against poverty.
An attack of the ague sent him home, and on recovery, having resolved to attend a high school and fit himself to become a teacher, he passed the next four years in a hard struggle with poverty and in an earnest effort to secure an education, studying for a short time in the Geauga Seminary atChester, Ohio.Advertisement
Life is but momentary, whether you have the poverty of the poorest man in rags or the wealth of the richest living person.
It remains our duty to do all we can to resolve conflict, confront oppression, reduce poverty and promote good governance.
It is this passive resistance which accounts, for example, for the comparative paucity and poverty of distinctively Scottish literature since the Union.
What can be done at all policy levels to support poverty reduction?
Fuel poverty remains a killer in Britain today despite repeated efforts by government, with older people and the chronically sick at most risk.Advertisement
It was not for himself alone he spoke, hearing sobs from hamlet to hamlet, poverty anchoring on the land like a plague.
Millions of people wore a white wristband this time last year to show their support for action to tackle global poverty.
In its most basic form (which I'll discuss here for simplification's sake), it is a guarantee of a minimum income above the poverty line for every citizen.
While many people think of poverty and struggle as an issue in other countries, the truth of the matter is an abundance of families struggle to make ends meet right here in the United States.
Pellagra was common in the past when poverty led to malnutrition or where corn was a main staple and was prepared and stored in such a way that niacin was depleted from food.Advertisement
The goal here is to relieve poverty, promote education and address people's needs of all kinds (including spiritual).
There are many different groups in the city that work to help those less fortunate, such as the homeless and those living in poverty.
Always working hard, Oprah spreads her efforts out to cover important areas such as poverty and educating the underprivileged.
The Angel Network's focus is on poverty, child neglect and disease.
Students learn how issues of poverty, education, health and sustainable development affect people in developing countries.Advertisement
In 1993, one-third of single parents and their children lived in poverty, and by 1999, just over 25 percent of single parent families were living in those circumstances.
Because the majority of Gaza's families are refugees, there are high unemployment and high poverty levels.
If trade worked for poor people instead of wealthy nations, millions of people would be lifted out of poverty.
It brings spiritual poverty, obesity, social isolation, covert competition, satiation, heartlessness and periodic nervous breakdown.
Only then can we deliver a focused strategy to tackle fuel poverty.Advertisement
A fundamental reform of the system is needed if pensioner poverty is to be tackled - not one-off handouts.
In-work poverty must be challenged and that means addressing the problems of low pay and poor working conditions.
He is the first Venezuelan president to be actively tackling poverty.
Increased prosperity has gone hand in hand with poverty.
Came to Rome from Spain in 64; lived in poverty at first but became increasingly prosperous as he attracted notice.Advertisement
They're advocating protectionism for poor countries - the surest way to make poverty last far longer than it has to in Africa.
However, by the 1960s there began a gradual realization that poverty had in fact not been eliminated.
But the ex-Soviet republic is a country of surprises, with good restaurants, cool bars and friendly locals notable amid the poverty.
And all this in a country riven by poverty and corruption.
The new approach is now meant to have a wider rubric, inclusive of poverty reduction.Advertisement
It means fixing the broken rungs on the ladder from poverty to wealth.
Participation and accountability key to reducing poverty Extreme poverty in the developing world is overwhelmingly rural.
They advocate reducing poverty as a way to fight crime, and also - and they came out and said it - reducing sexism.
Twelve-year-old Louise made an impassioned speech about poverty in Africa.
We came to realize that he doesn't cause stillbirth, cancer, war or poverty.Advertisement
WaterAid is a charity dedicated to helping people escape the stranglehold of poverty and disease caused by living without safe water and sanitation.
It should be surprisingly simple to make gigantic strides in combating poverty, disease and illiteracy throughout the world.
It may seem tautological to suggest that getting money to poor people is the solution to poverty.
Third Worldill have been lobbied here and in our constituencies by young constituents about issues such as third-world poverty and climate change.
ChildrenÃ¢s charities and campaign groups have welcomed the appointment of a child poverty tsar following the governmentÃ¢s failure to meet its own poverty targets.
Most of us are completely unfamiliar with such poverty.
However, nothing particularly untoward happened on the day of the Make Poverty History March.
The Victorian moral reformer could look with sympathy upon the poverty of the poor waif who stole a loaf of bread.
It is incredibly wasteful in society to have something like three million children growing up in poverty.
There is currently a world-wide debate on poverty yardsticks to identify the poor.
He was born at St Germain, entered the priesthood and was successively cure of Elan near Mezieres, vicar-general of Pontoise (1747), bishop of Evreux (1753) and archbishop of Toulouse (1758), archbishop of Narbonne in 1763, and in that capacity, president of the estates of Languedoc. He devoted himself much less to the spiritual direction of his diocese than to its temporal welfare, carrying out many works of public utility, bridges, canals, roads, harbours, &c.; had chairs of chemistry and of physics created at Montpellier and at Toulouse, and tried to reduce the poverty, especially in Narbonne.
Reduced to poverty through the loss of his paternal inheritance, he took holy orders; but this did not prevent him from fighting on the side of the emperor Ferdinand III.
Poverty of expression is apt to cloak the real spirit of primitive prayer, and the formula under which its aspirations may be summed up, namely, "Blessings come, evils go," covers all sorts of confused notions about a grace to be acquired and an impurity to be wiped away, which, as far back as our clues take us, invite interpretations of a decidedly spiritualistic and ethical order.
It is perfectly true that in several or even in many instances he acknowledges and deplores the poverty of his information, but this does not excuse him for making assertions (and such assertions are not unfrequent) based on evidence that is either wholly untrustworthy or needs further inquiry before it can be accepted (Ibis, 1860, pp. 331-335).
The stirring melody of the Marseillaise and its ingenious adaptation to the words serve to disguise the alternate poverty and bombast of the words themselves.
Most of them settled in Oriente province, where their names and blood are still apparent, and with their cafetales and sugar plantations converted that region from neglect and poverty to high prosperity.
At first the indigenous populations were pitilessly deprived of their hunting and grazing grounds and compelled to resort to agriculture - a modification exceedingly hard for them, not only on account of their poverty but also because they were compelled to settle in the less favourable regions.
Debarred from entering the army on account of his lowness of birth and poverty, he was appointed 1 Several experiments were made to this end in the United States (see Communism) by American followers of Fourier, whose doctrines were introduced there by Albert Brisbane (1809-1890).
After the death of his father, who was a rigid Dissenter, his mother, left in poverty, lived with some Roman Catholic families.
His assertion of divine dignity is disproved by his poverty and his miser able end.
About his paper, the incarnation of himself, the first thing to be said is that the man always meant what he said; no poverty, no misery or persecution, could keep him quiet; he was perpetually crying, "Nous sommes trahis."
Sure, it isn't as big a force as Democratic Peace Theory or Mutually Assured Poverty.
In these he holds aloof for the most part from theological controversy, and treats in an admirable tone and spirit the themes of faith, simplicity, the fear of God, poverty, greed, abstinence and unchastity.
What Pierre did not know was that the place where they presented him with bread and salt and wished to build a chantry in honor of Peter and Paul was a market village where a fair was held on St. Peter's day, and that the richest peasants (who formed the deputation) had begun the chantry long before, but that nine tenths of the peasants in that villages were in a state of the greatest poverty.
So puritanical liberalism encourages people to improve themselves to remove themselves from poverty.
In Northern Ireland, wards are defined as disadvantaged if they are in the upper quartile of the child poverty index.
If there is reincarnation, then I might be reincarnated into poverty somewhere in the Universe.
The relief of poverty can be carried out in a variety of ways.
The rising tide of poverty in the UK, immigration and asylum seekers show how the local and global are interconnected.
What the State does is to say that no child shall lack the rudiments of education through the poverty or carelessness of its parents.
The play was a satire on politics, poverty and injustice.
He said that the decision to remake the 2003 TV drama did not betray a poverty of imagination.
However, the real scandal of fuel poverty is the impact on the health of individuals.
We 're just asking that they play their part in removing the scourge of fuel poverty from some of Scotland 's most vulnerable households.
For example, there is much poverty in India, with shanty towns where disease is rife.
These represent a shared vision to reduce world poverty, adopted by 189 nations in September 2000.
So-called ' cultures of poverty are the obvious example.
Rural Gypsy band 1880's Agricultural depression brings poverty to many Gypsies, who move to squatter areas near towns.
We came to realize that he does n't cause stillbirth, cancer, war or poverty.
This severely impedes any opportunity to overcome the current stranglehold of poverty.
In the midst of this poverty he felt within himself an indescribable wealth of heart and the superabundant force of consuming genius.
In truth, the local communities were hardly likely to swoon with delight at the prospect of a localized response to unemployment and poverty.
Examples include poverty, third-world debt, Asian financial crisis, development politics, impact of HIV/AIDS.
View my complete profile Previous Posts Some thoughts on cynicism and the G8 This will not make poverty history.
Trade liberalization alone is not enough to reduce poverty.
When I was growing-up it is truthful to say that for those of us who were born into abject poverty opportunities were virtually non-existent.
High benefit dependency underscores the nature of poverty at the peace line.
The reasons for this unequal distribution is due in part to poverty.
It meant loving unlovely men who through his poverty might become rich.
The impact of such widespread unrelenting poverty on children is vicious.
Most witnesses, like the second Templar, added the vow of poverty to the other two.
We also have research into health effects of noise, and interaction between poverty and cold weather in wintertime mortality.
They hoped services would cause poverty to wither away.
Trachoma is a disease associated with poverty and unhygienic conditions.
About 75 percent of ELLs are in poverty schools, where student turnover is high and many teachers have only emergency credentials.
Eligibility in Head Start is determined by the federally identified poverty line.
Delinquent and antisocial behaviors in young children, particularly those who live in environments where poverty, unemployment, and drug addiction are common, are early danger signs.
Lack of such support is blamed for substantial poverty among single-parent families.
The income of more than a third of these households fell below the poverty level.
T. pallidum subspecies endemicum is passed on mostly among children living in poverty in unsanitary environments and with poor hygiene.
Children living in poverty worldwide may exhibit evidence of smaller amounts of incremental growth of all long bones and vertebrae, and delay in epiphyseal union.
This census reflects the poverty of the great depression that began in 1929.
Nepal jobs aren't likely to be glamorous or easy to come by, since more than 13 million of the country's people live in poverty.
Nigeria has an abundance of oil, but much of the country lives in poverty.
Twenty percent of the population is below the poverty line.
Cleveland has a high poverty rate at almost 30 percent in 2005, according to the US Census.
And, a child born to a teenage girl who has dropped out of high school is 10 times more likely to be living in poverty by his/her 8th birthday.
In developed countries, the most common reasons for conception before the age of 20 are poverty, prior sexual abuse, relationships with older men, failure to use contraceptives, childhood experiences, and media exposure.
While being poor in and of itself is unlikely to be the root cause, teens living in poverty may be more likely to have parents who do not supervise their children's activities as much as in wealthier families.
Their primary goals is to free children from poverty and exploitation and to free young people from the notion that they are powerless to affect positive change in the world.
The purpose of Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation is to enhance healthcare and reduce poverty globally and to expand educational opportunities and information technology in America.
In developing countries, the Foundation focuses on improving people's health and giving them the chance to lift themselves out of hunger and extreme poverty.
The purpose of the Global Development Program is to increase opportunities for people in developing countries to overcome hunger and poverty.
The Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation supports policy and advocacy efforts to accelerate progress against the world's most acute poverty.
The Ford Foundation awards funds in the areas of developing new ideas and strengthening organizations that reduce poverty and injustice and promoting democratic values, international cooperation and human achievement.
Canada Without Poverty promotes income and social security for those living in Canada as a way to eliminate poverty in the country.
Poverty charities provide clothing, low-cost housing and employment counseling to homeless or unemployed persons.
Some of the children are refugees of civil war, while others are survivors of a natural disaster or victims of extreme poverty.
Born in poverty, Coco adored luxury and wealth.
She'll be inspired by the poverty she witnesses to start a charity drive or establish a charitable organization.
The percentage of single parents living in poverty is declining.
Parents who are near the federal poverty level or who have a low income may need to find free school stuff for their children.
People who are living on minimum wage and near the poverty threshold may need more help than a few free samples to get by.
Those who are at or below the federal poverty level with a very low household income are often those who are helped the most by applying for Section 8 in their area.
Requirements include having a gross income at or below 130 percent of the federal poverty level and a net income at or below 100 percent of the federal poverty level, among others.
Income guidelines for LIHEAP applications are generally based on the federal poverty level, with most states requiring that participants make less than 150 percent of the federal poverty level to qualify.
Despite our comparative wealth in relation to the rest of the world, poverty in the United States remains a persistent problem.
Officially, a person's poverty status is determined by using the federal poverty guidelines.
A person living in a household that makes below the stated amount for its number of members is said to be living in poverty.
In 2009, the poverty threshold for a single person was $10,830 per year.
The income used to determine poverty is figured before taxes and includes all members of the family, but not people who are non-related roommates.
Overall, children, seniors, and members of minority groups are statistically the most likely to be living in poverty at any given time.
Even though it will be some time before the full impact of the most recent economic recession is realized, it appears to already have had a significant impact on poverty in the United States.
The official poverty rate increased to 13.2 percent from 12.5 percent, representing an increase of 2.6 million Americans living in poverty.
Some experts believe the poverty rate could rise another 2 percent before the economy rebounds.
Income distribution is far from equal across the U.S. Poverty tends to be concentrated in areas that have high immigrant populations and few high-paying employers.
Seventeen percent of the city's residents earned below 50 percent of the poverty line and 29 percent received food stamp assistance.
The U.S. has one of the highest relative poverty rates among industrialized countries, reflecting a high level of economic inequality.
Relative poverty is different from the federal poverty guidelines because it refers to how a family's income compares to the median income for their area.
For example, a family living in a city with a median household income of $200,000 per year would be living in relative poverty with an income of $50,000 per year-even though this income would place them right at the national median.
Relative poverty does not measure a household's ability to provide the essentials of life, such as food, clothing, and shelter.
Relative poverty is also nearly impossible to completely erase, since basic mathematical principles say there will always be people who have lower than average or higher than average incomes.
However, relative poverty is important in the sense that it affects how people feel about their prospects for the future.
For example, children from families living in relative poverty are less likely to be able to afford to participate in team sports, summer camps, and school enrichment programs.
The applicant's household is at or below the poverty line that applies to their location.
It was coal country, or had been, as much of the depressed countryside screamed of poverty.
It made her angrier at Evelyn and Romas, knowing A'Ran and his sweet sisters had been forced out of their home into a life of poverty.
Poverty excused bigamy on the part of a deserted wife.
Leo, his favourite and most intimate disciple, and that the Legenda 3 Soc. is what it claims to be - the handiwork of Leo and the two other most intimate companions of Francis, compiled in 1246; these are the most authentic and the only true accounts, Thomas of Celano's Lives being written precisely in opposition to them, in the interests of the majority of the order that favoured mitigations of the Rule especially in regard to poverty.
The large numbers of emigrants, who are drawn chiefly from the rural classes, furnish another proof of poverty.
Despite the prevailing poverty, it has also a real-school with good buildings, founded in 1865, and attended by about 300 pupils in 1900.
Gomperz suggests that he was originally in good circumstances, but was reduced to poverty.
His most ardent admirers, however, are constrained to admit that he was deficient in large-hearted benevolence; that he was destitute of any " enthusiasm of humanity "; and that so far as every sort of religious yearning or aspiration is concerned, his poverty was almost unique.
In 1618, however, the burgesses received an incorporation charter; but after the civil wars the corporate body began to fail through poverty, and in the 18th century had ceased to exist.
After his admission into the Roman Catholic Church he had, rather to the dismay of his friends, entered the married state, and for a time had to struggle with poverty.
His method was to travel over the country on foot and barefooted, in extreme poverty, simplicity and austerity, preaching and instructing in highways and villages and towns, and in the castles of the nobility, controverting and discussing with the heretics.
Many other pogroms have occurred, and the condition of the Jews has been reduced to one of abject poverty and despair.
From the 17th century until modern times this was notorious as a home of crime and poverty.
His hopes of professional success were now scattered, and he was living in Paris in extreme poverty.
The steppe region, whose flora begins to appear east of the western ridge, is distinguished by the variety of its species, the dry and thorny character of its shrubs, and great poverty in trees.
But Ortiz proved a friend and presented them to Paul III., who gave them leave to go to Palestine to preach the Gospel, bestowing upon them abundant alms. He likewise gave licence for those not yet priests to be ordained by any catholic bishop on the title of poverty.
They had returned to Venice where Ignatius and the others were ordained priests on the 24th of June 1537, after having renewed their vows of poverty and chastity to the legate Verallo.
Richard had her put to public penance, but the people pitied her for her loveliness and womanly patience; her husband was dead, and now in poverty and disgrace she became a prisoner in London.
Amnestied in 1755 he returned to France, but soon sank into dire poverty, being forced to earn a pittance for his wife and family as a day labourer.
It strengthened the hands of church democracy; it formed an alliance with the pure souls who held up to the church the ideal of apostolic poverty; it united itself for a time even with mysticism in a common opposition to the supremacy of the church.
It was not from poverty and apocalypticism that they hoped for a reformation of the Church.
There has been no agricultural advance corresponding to that which has taken place in Orkney, mainly owing to the poverty and insufficiency of the soil.
His childhood and youth were passed in poverty, and his health was early impaired by hard manual labour.
In November 1657 Henry himself was made lord-deputy; but before this time he had refused a gift of property worth £150o a year, basing his refusal on the grounds of the poverty of the country, a poverty which was not the least of his troubles.
Desiring to see the clergy practise a holy poverty, he proposes the suppression of tithes and the seizure by the secular power of the greater part of the property of the church.
If this is admitted the poverty of tropical sea-water in mineral nitrogen compounds is explained by the higher temperature, which accelerates the activity of denitrifying bacteria.
He dissembled his resentment for a time, and lived for nearly two years in the French Vexin in great poverty.
Throughout the city there is a marked absence of poverty and squalor.
He gave amusing illustrations of the absurdity and poverty of the current pulpit oratory of his day, some of them being taken from the sermons of his own father.
He was apparently overtaken by poverty, but was generously treated by Vespasian, who made him a present of 50o,000 sesterces.
But this equality, which took no account of wealth or poverty, was felt to be unjust, and the assessment began to be made according to the resources of each family, "the strong bearing the weak, and the weak relieving the strong."
The second solution is that every sensation has its specific affective quality, though by reason of the poverty of language many of these have no name.
This choice of a university career was dictated more by the natural desire of his father to see his son enter his own profession, and by the poverty of his family, than by his own preference.
In strong contrast to the poverty of Brazil in the larger mammals is the astonishing profusion of insect life in every part of the country.
The chief titles are poverty, i.e.
He proceeded as far as Aix-la-Chapelle, where he fell sick of a fever, and suffered so much from weakness and poverty, that he made his way on foot to Amsterdam, and came back to Norway.
He spent the next two years in extreme poverty, and published his Introduction to Natural and Popular Law.
In the period of national poverty and depression that followed this event, a puritanical spirit came into vogue which was little in sympathy with Holberg's dramatic or satiric genius.
Through the liberality of his friends, his last days were freed from the pressure of poverty, and he was enabled to place his illegitimate son in a position which soon brought him wealth, and to leave a competency.
The most serious drain on the population is caused by emigration, due partly to the grinding poverty of the mass of the peasants, partly to the resentment of the subject races against the process of " Magyarization " to which they have long been subjected by the government.
Owing to the improvidence of the Hungarian landowners and the poverty of the peasants the soil of the country is also gradually passing into their hands.3 The Gipsies, according to the special census of 1893, numbered 2 74,94 0.
For various reasons, however, poverty and personal inclination among others, he did not take a prominent part in the military operations of this period.
In architecture of the Norman and Gothic periods London must be considered rich, though its richness is poverty 1 1as- when its losses, particularly during the great fire of 1666, tical are recalled.
In the second of these passages the disciples are exhorted to choose a life of voluntary poverty; the nearest parallel is the ideal set before the rich young man at Mark x.
But its architectural poverty and small size show that the resources of Assyria were at a low ebb.
There was perpetual rioting and anarchy, and interference in the affairs of the government by the working men, while at the same time poverty and unemployment increased owing to the timidity of capital and the disorders, until at last in 1382 a reaction set in, and order was restored by the gild companies.
The brethren were aided in old age, sickness and poverty, often also in cases of loss by robbery, shipwreck and conflagration; for example, any member of the gild of St Catherine, Aldersgate, was to be assisted if he "fall into poverty or be injured through age, or through fire or water, thieves or sickness."
His latter days were spent in poverty; he had to sell his books to get bread.
Frederick retorted by announcing his intention of reducing "the clergy, especially the highest, to a state of apostolic poverty," and by ordaining the severest punishments for those priests who should obey the papal sentence.
He settled at Madrid in 1626, and died there on the 28th of July 1631 in such poverty that his funeral expenses were defrayed by charity.
The Peruvian navy was practically annihilated in the war with Chile, and the poverty of the country prevented for many years the adoption of any measure for its rebuilding.
It is a collection of personal memoirs of little historical importance, and marked by puerility and poverty of style.
In his fight with poverty he was put to strange shifts, becoming cellarman at a tavern and clerk to a lawyer, reciting and singing at a small theatre, and compiling a collection of common songs.
That he was such he denied more than once (Lemire, Le Cardinal Manning et son action sociale, Paris, 1893, p. 210), nor was he ever a Socialist in principle; but he favoured some of the methods of Socialism, because they alone seemed to him practically to meet the case of that pressing poverty which appealed to his heart.
Fertilization is effected by insects, especially by bees, which are directed in their search by the colour and fragrance of the flowers; but some pollen must also be transported by the wind to the female flowers, especially in arctic species which, in spite of the poverty of insect life, set abundant fruit.
She survived her husband, her son-in-law, and eight out of her twelve children, and she passed the last miserable years of her life in poverty, solitude and ill-health.
Two years later he was re-elected by both academies; he died in poverty on the 12th of June 1820.
Not many words are needed to convey a tolerably adequate estimate of the character and work of the "pale thin man in mean attire," who in sickness and poverty thus completed the forty-sixth year of a busy life at the stake.
They are, through poverty of material, unclassed languages, merely outstanding phenomena.
Art was limited most of all by poverty F in technical appliances.
It was at this time (1170) that a rich merchant of Lyons, Peter Waldo, sold his goods and gave them to the poor; then he went forth as a preacher of voluntary poverty.
Like St Francis, Waldo adopted a life of poverty that he might be free to preach, but with this difference that the Waldenses preached the doctrine of Christ while the Franciscans preached the person of Christ, Waldo reformed teaching while Francis kindled love; hence the one awakened antagonisms which the other escaped.
Pope Alexander III., who had approved of the poverty of the Waldensians, prohibited them from preaching without the permission of the bishops (1179).
The Vaudois, who had undergone all these vicissitudes, were naturally reduced to poverty, and their ministers were partially maintained by a subsidy from England, which was granted by Queen Anne.
Owing, however, to its poverty in that form of nitrogenous compound called gluten, so abundant in wheat, barley-flour cannot be baked into vesiculated bread; still it is a highlynutritious substance, the salts it contains having a high proportion of phosphoric acid.
This Rule was widely adopted by the canons regular, who also began to bind themselves by the vows of poverty, obedience and chastity.
During the tenure of his appointment with Count Morzin he married the daughter of a Viennese hairdresser named Keller, who had befriended him in his days of poverty, but the marriage turned out ill and he was shortly afterwards separated from his wife, though he continued to support her until her death in 1 Boo.
Lavish expenditure during the progress of the council of Constance reduced Rudolph to poverty, and on the death in 1422 of his brother Albert III., who succeeded him in 1419, this branch of the Ascanian family became extinct.
On the Tibetan plateau, on the other hand, most of the ranges are distinguished by their rounded outlines and soft consistency, and their striking poverty in hard rock, which in the best cases only crops out near the summits.
But with this idea he fused another, namely, that it is the task of the monk to imitate the humility and poverty of Jesus; and his order thus became a mendicant order.
So mighty was the impression made by the poverty of the Minorites, that the Dominicans promptly followed their example and likewise became mendicant.
Failing to receive aid from Pozzo di Borgo, his mother's uncle, Louis Blanc studied law in Paris, living in poverty, and became a contributor to various journals.
In this and certain other transactions Claudius seems to have acted from avaricious motives, - a result of his early poverty.
De la Gardie was treated with relative leniency, but he "received permission to retire to his estates for the rest of his life" and died there in comparative poverty, a mere shadow of his former magnificent self.
In a very lengthy speech, which had to be interrupted for half an hour while he recovered his voice, he ended by describing it as a "war budget" against poverty, which he hoped, in the result, would become "as remote to the people of this country as the wolves which once infested its forests."
This parochial machinery enabled him to make a singularly successful experiment in dealing with the problem of poverty.
He entered the university of Upsala in 1867, but was compelled by poverty to interrupt his studies, which were resumed in 1870.
This Society may be defined, in its original conception and well-avowed object, as a body of highly trained religious men of various degrees, bound by the three personal vows of poverty, chastity and obedience, together with, in some cases, a special vow to the pope's service, with the object of labouring for the spiritual good of themselves and their neighbours.
The novice is classified according as his destination is the priesthood or lay brotherhood, while a third class of "indifferents" receives such as are reserved for further inquiry before a decision of this kind a strict retreat, practically in solitary confinement, during which he receives from a director, yet relying on Thine infinite kindness and mercy and impelled by the desire of serving Thee, before the Most Holy Virgin Mary and all Thy heavenly host, I, N., vow to Thy divine Majesty Poverty, Chastity and Perpetual Obedience to the Society of Jesus, and promise that I will enter the same Society to live in it perpetually, understanding all things according to the Constitutions of the Society.
The general's object may probably have been to accentuate the harshness with which the fathers had been treated, and so to increase public sympathy, 1 but the actual result of his policy was blame for the cruelty with which he enhanced their misfortunes, for the poverty of Corsica made even a bare subsistence scarcely procurable for them there.
For the great festival of Tezcatlipoca, the handsomest and noblest of the captives of the year had been chosen as the incarnate representative of the god, and paraded the streets for public adoration dressed in an embroidered mantle with feathers and garlands on his head and a retinue like a king; for the last month they married him to four girls representing four goddesses; on the last day wives and pages escorted him to the little temple of Tlacochcalco, where he mounted the stairs, breaking an earthenware flute against each step; this was a symbolic farewell to the joys of the world, for as he reached the top he was seized by the priests, his heart torn out and held up to the sun, his head spitted on the tzompantli, and his body eaten as sacred food, the people drawing from his fate the moral lesson that riches and pleasure may turn into poverty and sorrow.
On both sides in Mexico there was an element consisting of honest doctrinaires; but rival military leaders exploited the struggles in their own interest, sometimes taking each side successively; and the instability was intensified by the extreme poverty of the peasantry, which made the soldiery reluctant to return to civil life, by the absence of a regular middle class, and by the concentration of wealth in a few hands, so that a revolutionary chief was generally sure both of money and of men.
While eulogizing poverty and philosophy, he attacked the gods, musicians, geometricians, astrologers, and the wealthy, and denied the efficacy of prayer.
The whole arrangements and character of the building bespeak the rich and powerful feudal lord, not the humble father of a body of hard-working brethren, bound by vows to a life of poverty and self-denying toil.
In A Copper Cylinder (1888), Describes A Singular Race Whose Cardinal Doctrine Is That Poverty Is Honourable And Wealth The Reverse.
Wellington had from the first seen that, whatever number of men Napoleon might send against him, it was impossible, owing to the poverty of the country, that any great mass of troops could long be held together, and that the French, used to "making war support war," would fare worse in such conditions than his own troops with their organized supply service.
Dee and Kelly lived for some years in Poland and Bohemia in alternate wealth and poverty, according to the credulity or scepticism of those before whom they exhibited.
In November 1604 he returned to Mortlake, where he died in December 1608, at the age of eighty-one, in the greatest poverty.
They despised riches not less than pleasure; neither poverty nor wealth was observable among them; at initiation every one gave his property into the common stock; every member in receipt of wages handed them over to the funds of the society.
That the mines were invaded by the sea is still evident; and by Strabo's time the inhabitants of the island were noted for their poverty.
These are they who, enlarging day by day their sumptuous edifices, encircling them with lofty walls, lay up in them their incalculable treasures, imprudently transgressing the bounds of poverty and violating the very fundamental rules of their profession."
Apparently no vows were taken, but obedience, personal poverty, chastity, self-denial, and the other monastic virtues were strongly enforced, and a monk was not free to abandon the monastic life.
Strict personal poverty was enforced, and all were encouraged to approach confession and communion frequently.
But the members of these orders were not less monks than knights, their statutes embodied the rules of the cloister, and they were bound by the ecclesiastical vows of celibacy, poverty and obedience.
Late in the 15th century, in spite of the somewhat greater liberty of that age, we find Stephen Scrope writing nakedly to a familiar correspondent "for very need [of poverty], I was fain to sell a little daughter I have for much less than I should have done by possibility," i.e.
Tzibos took advantage of the extreme poverty of the Lazi to create a Roman monopoly by which he became a middleman for all the trade both export and import.
The age of admission is six; and the course is for six years, 7-13 being the legal age limits; the fee, from which poverty exempts, is almost nominal.
Considerable progress was made during the last two decades of the 19th century, however, notwithstanding misgovernment and the extreme poverty of the people.
Women of all classes were admitted; and, though there was no rule of poverty, many wealthy women devoted their riches to the common cause.
At the end of the 18th century the trade was still important, but it began to decline after the invention of machinery, probably owing to the poverty of the manufacturers.
Nor could it ever have been doubted that war, disease, poverty the last two often the consequences of vice - are causes which keep population down.
Again, it is surely plain enough that the apprehension by individuals of the evils of poverty, or a sense of duty to their possible offspring, may retard the increase of population, and has in all civilized communities operated to a certain extent in that way.
He subsequently returned to Rome, where he died in great poverty on the 12th of August 1484.
While he was thus irregularly educating himself, his family was sinking into hopeless poverty.
His life, during the thirty years which followed, was one hard struggle with poverty.
The affronts which his poverty emboldened stupid and low-minded men to offer to him would have broken a mean spirit into sycophancy, but made him rude even to ferocity.
This man had, after many vicissitudes of fortune, sunk at last into abject and hopeless poverty.
At the head of the establishment Johnson had placed an old lady named Williams, whose chief recommendations were her blindness and her poverty.
Macaulay, it must be noted, exaggerated persistently the poverty of Johnson's pedigree, the squalor of his early married life, the grotesqueness of his entourage in Fleet Street, the decline and fall from complete virtue of Mrs Thrale, the novelty and success of the Dictionary, the complete failure of the Shakespeare and the political tracts.
The continual poverty which hindered the successful prosecution of the war against the Hussites, and which at times placer Sigismund in the undignified position of having to force himsel, as an unwelcome guest upon princes and cities, had, however, one good result.
During the years in which the soil is allowed to lie fallow, the grass and weeds which spring up serve as pasture for cattle, but the poverty of the pasture is such that at least two hectares are required for the maintenance of every animal.
This poverty is due to the lack of rain, which, though attaining an annual average of 29 in.
The poverty of the Sicilian population is accentuated by the unequal distribution of wealth among the different classes of society.
In the last stages of the war the issue was determined by the poverty of Athens and Persian gold.
Arrested by order of the National Convention in 1793, he was acquitted, but was reduced to poverty by the confiscation of his possessions.
In Nubia, owing to the poverty of the country and its scanty population, the proportion of monuments surviving is infinitely greater than in Egypt.
Whether they all sprang from one common I stock of picture-writing we shall perhaps never know, nor can we as yet trace the influence which one great system may have had on another, owing to the poverty of documents from most of the countries concerned.
That the artists were conscious of their poverty of thought is shown by some precise imitations of the style of early monuments.
He was reared in extreme poverty; but the story of his having been a swineherd in his youth appears to be open to question.
Owing to the general condition of poverty which prevailed after the French evacuation in the second decade of the 19th century, attention was turned to the means of industry offered by the unreclaimed heath-lands in the eastern provinces, and in 1818 the Society of Charity (Maatschappij van Weldadigkeid) was formed with Count van den Bosch at its head.
Drente took part in the revolt of the Netherlands, and being a district covered by waste heath and moor was, on account of its poverty and sparse population, not admitted into the union as a separate province, and it had no voice in the assembly of the states-general.
The large importation of coal, minerals and metals, and goods made from them is likewise caused by the natural poverty of the country in these respects.
After a struggling youth of great poverty, he published, in 1807-1809, a translation of Ossian; in 181 4 a volume of lyrical poems; and in 1817 he attracted considerable attention by his descriptive poem of The Tour in Jutland.
Bredahl gave up literature in despair to become a peasant farmer, and died in poverty.
Though hard pressed by poverty, he applied himself to study in the schools of Shemaiah and Abtalion (Sameas and Pollion in Josephus).
Carlyle, accustomed to his father's household, was less frightened by the prospect of poverty.
Through long years of poverty and obscurity Carlyle showed unsurpassed fidelity to his vocation and superiority to the lower temptations which have ruined so many literary careers.
His old age was spent in obscure poverty, his friends and associates having nearly all passed away before him.
Poor, distracted, threatened on occasion by the Celts on her flank and rear, anglicized Scotland preferred her poverty with independence, to the prosperity and peace which England would have given, if unresisted, but never could impose by war.
He was in deep poverty, the Estates were chary of supplies, plotters in Scotland had been offering to Cecil to kidnap the king (1598), and his relations both with the English government and with his own subdued but struggling preachers were bitterly unfriendly.
The great poverty of the people has been a serious obstacle to the development of a larger commerce.
Botta died at Paris in August 1837, in comparative poverty, but in the enjoyment of an extensive and well-earned reputation.
In 1451 he was sent to Germany and the Netherlands to check ecclesiastical abuses and bring back the monastic life to the original rule of poverty, chastity and obedience - a mission which he discharged with welltempered firmness.
In 1830 he was rector of the university; and in his speech at the tricentenary of the Augsburg Confession in that year he charged the Catholic Church with regarding the virtues of the pagan world as brilliant vices, and giving the crown of perfection to poverty, continence and obedience.
The friars met her with lighted candles, and at the foot of the altar Francis shore off her hair, received her vows of poverty, chastity and obedience, and invested her with the Franciscan habit, 1212.
Young Luther entered his name on the matriculation book in letters which can still be read "Martinus Ludher ex Mansfelt," a free student, no longer embarrassed by great poverty.
There is a certain poverty and decadence of art, a certain simplicity of civilization and a decline in the shape and decoration of pottery which seems to exhibit signs of derivation from skin prototypes elsewhere associated with desert peoples.
Cast iron, brought to perfection by the Coalbrookdale Company about 1860, but now little esteemed, owing to the poverty of design which so often counterfeits smiths' work, presents great opportunities to founders possessing taste or willing to submit to artistic control.
In dire poverty he fled, in 1779, to Halle, where in spite of the opposition of the senate and the theologians, he obtained through the interest of the Prussian minister, von Zedlitz, permission to lecture on subjects other than theology.
His command of money enabled him to take advantage of the poverty of his neighbours, and in this way he secured Vogtland and the county of Mansfeld.
Manure is copiously applied to the more valuable crops whenever manure is available, its use being limited by poverty and not by ignorance.
Hamann, however, was quite unfitted for business, and when left in London, gave himself up entirely to his fancies, and was quickly reduced to a state of extreme poverty and want.
Logic has to consider the things we know, the minds by which we know them from sense, memory and experience to inference, and the sciences which systematize and extend our knowledge of things; and having considered these facts, the logician must make such a science of inference as will explain the power and the poverty of human knowledge.
His university career, first at Ingolstadt (1585-1586), then at Altdorf near Nuremberg (1597-1598), was cut short by his poverty, from which he suffered all his life, and which was the main cause of his wanderings.
Lack of water rather than poverty of soil renders most of the plains region fit for grazing only.
The territory as a whole has been very imperfectly examined by geologists, and no opinion can at present be hazarded as to the mineral wealth or poverty of the company's property.
Again, in Oporto there is an area which combines every possible sanitary defect - dense overcrowding, great poverty, no light, no air, no drainage, no scavenging, water brought in buckets.
It is not easy to see how Washington survived the year 1775; the colonial poverty, the exasperating annoyances, the outspoken criticism of those who demanded active operations, the personal and party dissensions in Congress, the selfishness or stupidity which cropped out again and again among some of the most patriotic of his coadjutors were enough to have broken down most men.
In these labours as well as in other directions the church was sadly hampered by poverty.
From the diary of his friend John Worthington we learn that Cudworth was nearly compelled, through poverty, to leave the university, but in 1654 he was elected master of Christ's College, whereupon he married.
Iron, which occurs rarely, and almost exclusively for ornaments, in a few tombs at Enkomi, suddenly superseded bronze for tools and weapons, and its introduction was accompanied, as in the Aegean, by economic, and probably by political changes, which broke up the high civilization of the Mycenaean colonies, and reduced them to poverty, 1 Myres, Journ.
He was, however, no longer alone; Diaz, Eugene Tourneux, Rousseau, and other men of note supported him by their confidence and friendship, and he had by his side the brave Catherine Lemaire, his second wife, a woman who bore poverty with dignity and gave courage to her husband through the cruel trials in which he penetrated by a terrible personal experience the bitter secrets of the very poor.
His family was ruined, however, by a lawsuit while he was still young, and Hebert came to Paris, where in his struggle against poverty he endured great hardships; the accusations of theft directed against him later by Camille Desmoulins were, however, without foundation.
A sorrowful supplication, in which the speakers deplore, not the fall of Jerusalem, but their own state of galling dependence and hopeless poverty.
Despite the general productiveness of the soil, however, the social condition of Friesland has remained in a backward state and poverty is rife in many districts.
Every one recognizes now that the poverty and sparse population of Sweden unfitted her for such a tremendous destiny.
This unfavourable state of affairs is due to the poverty, ignorance and insanitary habits of the lower classes.
Mme d'Aubigne returned to France, and from sheer poverty unwillingly yielded her daughter to her sister-in-law, Mme de Villette, who made the child very happy, but converted or pretended to convert her to Protestantism.
The misfortunes and poverty of the people have hindered their material development to a large extent, but another obstacle is to be found in their racial and social composition.
He wrote a chronicle of the monastery and several biographies - the life of Gerhard Groot, of Florentius Radewyn, of a Flemish lady St Louise, of Groot's original disciples; a number of tracts on the monastic life - The Monk's Alphabet, The Discipline of Cloisters, A Dialogue of Novices, The Life of the Good Monk, The Monk's Epitaph, Sermons to Novices, Sermons to Monks, The Solitary Life, On Silence, On Poverty, Humility and Patience; two tracts for young people - A Manual of Doctrine for the Young, and A Manual for Children; and books for edification - On True Compunction, The Garden of Roses, The Valley of Lilies, The Consolation of the Poor and the Sick, The Faithful Dispenser, The Soul's Soliloquy, The Hospital of the Poor.
The treaty of Breda with Holland (21st of July 1667) removed the danger, but not the ignominy, and Charles showed the real baseness of his character when he joined in the popular outcry against Clarendon, the upright and devoted adherent of his father and himself during twenty-five years of misfortune, and drove him into poverty and exile in his old age, recalling ominously Charles I.'s betrayal of Strafford.
But he was hampered by poverty and the jealousy of the other European Powers, and, after showing once more his unrivalled mastery over masses of men at the brief Gefle diet (22nd of January-24th of February 1792), he fell a victim to a widespread aristocratic conspiracy.
Members reduced to poverty by adventures on the sea, increased price of goods, borrowing and pledging, or any other misfortune, are to be assisted "out of the common money, according to his situation, if he could not do without."
The last years of his life were spent in comparative poverty and isolation, as even the Esterhazy-Forchtenstein estates were unequal to the burden of supporting his fabulous extravagance and had to be placed in the hands of curators.
The poverty and natural strength of the country, combined with the ferocious habits of the natives, seem to have equally repelled the friendly visits of inquisitive strangers and the hostile incursions of invading armies.
There are some fine stalactites near this pit, and others in the Fairy Grotto and in Pensico Avenue; but, considering the magnitude of Mammoth Cave, its poverty of stalactitic ornamentation is remarkable.
The beautiful character which rose superior to weakness, poverty and slave's estate is also presented to us in the Discourses of his disciple Arrian as a model of religious resignation, of forbearance and love towards our brethren, that is, towards all men, since God is our common father.
Speaking generally, the cancioneiros form monotonous reading owing to their poverty of ideas and conventionality of metrical forms and expression, but here and there men of talent who were poets by profession and better acquainted with Provencal literature endeavoured to lend their work variety by the use of difficult processes like the lexaprem and by introducing new forms like the pastorela and the descort.
The import trade of Bolivia is restricted by the poverty of the people.
It will suffice to recall the Buddha's education in a secluded palace, his encounter successively with a decrepit old man, with a man in mortal disease and poverty, with a dead body, and, lastly, with a religious recluse radiant with peace and dignity, and his consequent abandonment of his princely state for the ascetic life in the jungle.
It is, however, in the ugly palace of Prince Henry of Prussia, which was given for the purpose in the days of Prussian poverty and distress, that the university is still housed, and although some internal rearrangement has been effected, no substantial alterations have been made to meet the ever-increasing demand for lecture-room accommodation.
But these and similar anecdotes must be received with caution, and it should be remembered that what was a competence in his day would have been considered poverty by the Romans of later times.
His form of religious sentiment was not evangelical or mystical, any more than it was ascetic or ceremonial or dogmatic. As regards one of the accepted doctrines of his own church, the excellence of the celibate life, of poverty, and of elaborate obedience to a rule, he no doubt was a strong dissident; but the evidence that, as a Christian, he was unorthodox, that he was even a heretical or latitudinarian thinker in regard to those doctrines which the various Christian churches have in common, is not merely weak, it is practically nonexistent.
He dwells with delight on the unselfish patriotism of the old heroes of the republic. In those times children obeyed their parents, the gods were still sincerely worshipped, poverty was no disgrace, sceptical philosophies and foreign fashions in religion and in daily life were unknown.
The Compendium errorum selects four papal constitutions which involved a declaration against evangelical poverty, and insists that they are full of heresy.
Occam was a sincere Franciscan, and believed with his master that salvation was won through rigid imitation of Jesus in His poverty and obedience, and up to his days it had always been possible for Franciscans to follow the rules of their founder within his order.'
John XXII., however, condemned the doctrine and excommunicated its supporters, some of whom were so convinced of the necessity of evangelical poverty for a truly Christian life that they denounced the pope when he refused them leave to practise it as Antichrist.
Rene's captivity, and the poverty of the Angevin resources due to his ransom, enabled Alphonso of Aragon, who had been first adopted and then repudiated by Jeanne II., to make some headway in the kingdom of Naples, especially as he was already in possession of the island of Sicily.
Bertinoro much improved the status of the Jews in the Holy Land; before his migration thither the Jews of Palestine were in a miserable condition of poverty and persecution.
Margaret lived for six years at different places in Bar and Anjou, in poverty and dependent for a pension on Louis, who made her surrender in return her claims to her father's inheritance.
Then came a few years of terrible poverty; but at the beginning of 1862 he obtained a clerkship, at the modest salary of a pound a week, in the house of Hachette the publisher.