How to use Positivism in a sentence
Lastly positivism teaches a corporate instead of an individual immortality; man should desire to live on as a beneficent influence in the race.
In France, again, positivism is not materialism, but rather the refusal to frame a metaphysical theory.
In his philosophy he was mainly concerned to defend Christianity against modern Positivism.
Lastly, in England we have not only an influence of positivism, but also, what is more important, the synthetic philosophy of Herbert Spencer.
Both passed through phases of faith, but while even Positivism did not cool George Eliot's innate religious fervour, with George Sand religion was a passing experience, no deeper than her republicanism and less lasting than her socialism, and she lived and died a gentle savage.Advertisement
A follower of the positive philosophy, but in conflict with Richard Congreve as to details, he led the Positivists who split off and founded Newton Hall in 1881, and he was president of the English Positivist Committee from 1880 to 1905; he was also editor and part author of the Positivist New Calendar of Great Men (1892), and wrote much on Comte and Positivism.
Later, in his movement towards Positivism, he strongly repudiates Kant's separation of phenomenon from noumenon, and affirms that our intellect is capable of grasping the whole reality.
In Kant's Analogien der Erfahrung (1876) he keenly criticized Kant's transcendentalism, and in his chief work Idealismus and Positivismus (3 vols., 1879-1884), he drew a clear contrast between Platonism, from which he derived transcendentalism, and positivism, of which he considered Protagoras the founder.
As Paul Janet truly remarked, positivism contains an unconscious metaphysics in rejecting final causes and an immaterial soul.
Richard Hooker, again with traces of Aquinas, uses the conception as a weapon against Puritanism, with its aggressive positivism of scriptural precept.Advertisement
In 1852 Comte published the Catechism of Positivism.
Comte tells us that man first gets over theology, then over metaphysics, and finally rests in positivism.
Locke, when Cartesianism had raised the problem of the contents of consciousness, and the spirit of Baconian positivism could not accept of anything that bore the ill-omened name of innate ideas, elaborated a theory of knowledge which is psychological in the sense that its problem is how the simple data with which the individual is in contact in sensation are worked up into a system.
In its commonest acceptation, however, positivism is both narrower and wider than this.
The outcome of this positivism is the substitution for revealed religion of a religion of humanity - according to Huxley "Catholicism minus Christianity" - in which God is replaced by Humanity.Advertisement
Positivism has, therefore, two distinct sides, the philosophical and the religious or mystical.
Out of their discussions developed the initial ideas of logical Positivism, or Logical empiricism.
Although he rejects traditional metaphysics, he does not share either the program of logical positivism or that of ordinary language philosophy.
His most obvious achievement was to have been a major force in bringing about the final demise of logical positivism.
In mystical positivism, the errors of both are combined together to form a potent ' grand narrative ' for our age.Advertisement
On Hart's account of legal positivism, however, a private citizen may adopt this detached attitude toward legal rules.
Many economists avoid this by adhering to a strict scientific positivism.
Gray goes back to the origins of our notion of modernity in early nineteenth-century positivism.
This is perhaps mainly due to the bold religious positivism with which he assumes that spiritual experience is real and that faith has not only a legitimate but even a paramount claim to provide the highest interpretation of the world.
The final stage, positivism, is the understanding of the universe not as composed of a multitude of individuals each with volition, but as an ordered organism governed by necessary laws (see further Comte).Advertisement
Philosophical positivism has had distinguished representatives in France, Germany and England, and in the wider sense indicated above may be regarded as one of the two or three chief influences on modern philosophical development.