How to use Porcelain in a sentence
The Derby porcelain or china manufactory was started about 1750.
The porcelain clock on the wall proclaimed the time as ten minutes until twelve, but it didn't seem that late.
Its skin was porcelain pale, as if it never saw sunlight.
She turned the porcelain knob and pushed the door open.
This is undoubtedly the finest jewelled porcelain in Japan; the best examples leave nothing to be desired The factorys period of excellence began about the year I 680, ant culminated at the close of the 18th century.Advertisement
Bianca's new world was tiny and white, the porcelain toilet the only chair and the tub the only place long enough for her to lie down.
There are manufactures of paper, hats, leather, ropes, porcelain, majolica, soap, spirits, and ornaments made of palm leaves and grasses.
The space a must allow for the inclusion of a copper spiral if the substance contains nitrogen, and a silver spiral if halogens be present, for otherwise nitrogen oxides and the halogens may be condensed in the absorption apparatus; b contains copper oxide; c is a space for the insertion of a porcelain or platinum boat containing a weighed quantity of the substance; d is a copper spiral.
Though her hair was pink, there was no mistaking the delicate facial features, porcelain skin and large eyes of the woman who tormented him his entire life then dumped the underworld on him.
The principal industries are wool and cotton spinning, and the manufacture of porcelain, earthenware, boots, soap, oil, sparkling wines and beer.Advertisement
Sodium uranate, Na2U207, is used as a pigment for painting on glass and porcelain under the name of uranium yellow.
Boron and iodine do not combine directly, but gaseous hydriodic acid reacts with amorphous boron to form the iodide, BI 31 which can also be obtained by passing boron chloride and hydriodic acid through a red-hot porcelain tube.
It may be diminished by introducing clippings of platinum foil, pieces of porcelain, glass beads or garnets into the liquid.
The forms of Assyrian pottery, however, are graceful; the porcelain, like the glass discovered in the palaces of Nineveh, was derived from Egyptian originals.
In 1520 a potter named Gorodayu Goshonzui (known to posterity as Shonzui) made his way to Fuchow and thence to King-te-chen, where, after five years study, he acquired the art of manufacturing porcelain, as distinguished from pottery, together with the art of applying decoration in blue under the glaze.Advertisement
In short, the artistic output of Chinese kilns in their palmiest days was, not faience or pottery,, but porcelain, whether of soft or hard paste.
These vary in form, but essentially they consist of a stem of porcelain, coarse earthenware, glass or other non-conducting substance, protected by an overhanging roof or screen.
To withstand the chemical action of the gases, the " calorimetric bomb " is lined either with platinum, as in Berthelot's apparatus, or with porcelain, as in Mahler's.
Fontainebleau has quarries of sand and sandstone, saw-mills, and manufactories of porcelain and gloves.
In 1860 he was compelled by the failure of the porcelain factory to leave Bruckberg, and he would have suffered the extremity of want but for the assistance of friends supplemented by a public subscription.Advertisement
These countries all received Buddhism from India, and a large proportion of the porcelain and earthenware articles imported from China and Japan into Europe consists of innumerable forms of censers.
The Chinese, on the contrary, having from an early period had excellent porcelain, have been careless about the manufacture of glass.
In its simplest form the apparatus consists of a straight tube, made of glass, porcelain or iron according to the temperature required and the nature of the reacting substances, heated in an ordinary combustion furnace, the mixture entering at one end and the vapours being condensed at the other.
There are three chief varieties of Hizen ware, namely, (1) the enamelled porcelain of Aritathe old Japan of European collectors; (2) the enamelled porcelain of Nabeshima; and Hizen (3) the blue and white, or plain white, porcelain of Hirado.
Seto, in fact, acquired such a widespread reputation for its ceramic productions that the term seto-mono (Seto article) came to be used generally for all pottery and porcelain, just as China is in the West.Advertisement
Seto has now ceased to be a pottery-producing centre, and has become the chief porcelain manufactory of Japan.
The metal is chiefly used, as the oxide, for colouring glass and porcelain.
The young involucre surrounds the female flower and the stalk supporting the spike of male flowers, and when ripe has the appearance of bluish-white porcelain.
At the same time he did much to encourage agriculture and local industries, among others establishing the manufacture of porcelain.
This is done by mounting the working wire on a metal plate made of the same metal as the working wire itself; thus if the working wire is of platinoid it must be mounted on a platinoid bar, the supports which carry the ends of the working wire being insulated from this bar by being bushed with ivory or porcelain.Advertisement
In this way is produced the crystalline, devitrified material, known as Reaumur's porcelain.
The material and technique suggest a close relationship to porcelain.
Coloured and ornamental glass held among them much the same place for table services, vessels for toilet use and the like, as that held among us by porcelain.
They also employed silver freely for decorative purposes, whereas we rarely find it thus used on old Japan porcelain.
Indeed, of this porcelain it may be said that, from the monster pieces of blue-and-white manufactured at Setovases six feet high and garden pillar-lamps half as tall again do not dismay the BishU ceramistto tiny coffee-cups decorated in Tokyo, with theil delicate miniatures of birds, flowers, insects, fishes and so forth, everything indicates the death of the old severe aestheticism.Advertisement
Tc such a depth of debasement had the ceramic art fallen in Owari, that before the happy renaissance of the past ten years, Nagoya discredited itself by employing porcelain as a base for cloisonn enamelling.
Awaji-yaki, or Mimpei-yaki as it is often called, is generally porcelain, but we occasionally find specimens which may readily be mistaken for Awata faience.
He took for his models the raku faience of KiOto, the masterpieces of Ninsei and Kenzan, the rococc wares of Korea, the enamelled porcelain of China, and the blue-andwhite ware of Delft.
The potters of the Middle Kingdom, from the early eras of the Ming dynasty down to the latest years of the 18th century, stood absolutely without rivals as makers of porcelain.
The Imari ware, even though its thick biscuit and generally ungraceful shapes be omitted from the account, shows no enamels that can rival the exquisitely soft, broken tints of the famille rose; and the Kakiemon porcelain, for all its rich though chaste contrasts, lacks the delicate transmitted tints of the shell-like kwan-yao.Advertisement
So, too, the blue-and-white porcelain of Hirado, though assisted by exceptional tenderness of sous-pdte color, by milk-white glaze, by great beauty of decorative design, and often by an admirable use of the modelling or graving tool, represents a ceramic achievement palpably below the soft paste kai-pien-yao of King-te-chen.
In the eyes of a Chinese connoisseur, no blue-and-white porcelain worthy of consideration exists, or ever has existed, except the kai-pien-yao, with its imponderable pdle, its wax-like surface, and its rich, glowing blue, entirely free from superficiality or garishness and broken into a thousand tints by the microscopic crackle of the glaze.
Seifu YOhei, however, has the special faculty of manufacturing monochromatic and jewelled porcelain and faience, which differ essentially from the traditional Kioto types, their models being taken directly from China.
He was succeeded by Tozawa Benshi, an old man of over seventy in 1909, who, using clay from Owari or Hizen, has turned out many porcelain statuettes of great beauty.
Every year large quantities of porcelain and faience are sent from the provinces to the capital to receive surface decoration, and in wealth of design as well as carefulness of execution the results are praiseworthy.Advertisement
The glossy surface of a porcelain glaze is ill fitted for rendering artistic effects with ordinary colors.
In other respects the Hirado factories do not produce wares nearly so beautiful as those manufactured there between 1759 and 1840, when the Hirado-yakz stood at the head of all Japanese porcelain on account of its pure, close-grained pate, its lustrous milk-white glaze, and the soft clear blue of its carefully executed decoration.
On a far higher level stood egg-shell porcelain, remarkable examples of which were sent from Seto to the KjOto industrial exhibition of 1895.
The finest specimens of this porcelain had incised decoration, sparingly employed but adding much to the beauty of the piece.
In subsequent eras the potters of King-te-chen did not fail to continue this remarkable manufacture, but its only Japanese representative was a porcelain distinctly inferior In more than one respect, namely, the egg-shell utensils of Hizen and Hirado, some of which had finely woven basket-cases to protect their extreme fragility.Advertisement
They still manufacture quantities of tea and coffee sets, and dinner or dessert services of red-and-gold porcelain for foreign markets; but about 1885 some of them made zealous and patient efforts to revert to the processes that won so much fame for the old Kutaniyaki, with its grand combinations of rich, lustrous, soft-toned glazes.
It is apparent that a vitrified enamel may be made to perform, in part at any rate, the function of a porcelain glaze.
But to spread and fix the enamel so that neither at the rim nor in the interior shall there be any break of continuity, or any indication that the base is copper, not porcelain, demands quite exceptional skill.
The acid treatment is generally carried out in cast iron pots; platinum vessels used to be employed, while porcelain vessels are only used for small operations, e.g.
The tank is of porcelain or glazed earthenware, the electrodes for impure solutions are z in.
For higher temperatures the bulb of the vapour density tube is made of porcelain or platinum, and is heated in a gas furnace.
The vessel, however, which contains this mixture has to be of earthenware, porcelain or enamelled iron on account of the free acid present; the gas must be washed after purification to remove traces of hydrochloric acid, and care must be taken to prevent the complete neutralization of the acid by the ammonia present in the gas.
Brick, porcelain and glassworks employ large numbers of the inhabitants.
Mehun-sur-Yevre (pop. 5227), a town with an active manufacture of porcelain, has a Romanesque church and a château of the 14th century.
Among other industrial establishments are a large porcelain and earthenware factory, extensive fireclay works, glassworks and a chinapainting establishment; there are also numerous flax-spinneries and linen-factories in the neighbourhood.
The first filter which was more or less completely impermeable to bacteria was the Pasteur-Chamberland, which was devised in Pasteur's laboratory, and is made of dense biscuit porcelain.
The tetroxide, 0s04, can be easily reduced to the metal by dissolving it in hydrochloric acid and adding zinc, mercury, or an alkaline formate to the liquid, or by passing its vapour, mixed with carbon dioxide and monoxide, through a red-hot porcelain tube.
The industries embrace engine-building, the manufacture of railway carriages a11d plant, scientific instruments, porcelain, tobacco and cigars, lithography, jute-spinning, iron-founding, brewing and gardening.
Fine porcelain clay occurs near Meissen, and coarser varieties elsewhere.
Johann Friedrich Bbttger made his famous discovery in 1710, and the manufacture of porcelain was begun at Meissen, and in this reign the Moravian Brethren made their settlement at Herrnhut.
From the early 17th century, if not earlier, porcelain and earthenware manufactories existed at Stoke-upon-Trent, but they remained unnoticed until in 1686 Dr Plot wrote his survey of Stafford- ' shire.
Potters' clay, kaolin and felspar, which have largely facilitated the development of the flourishing porcelain industry, are found in various parts of the country, which is also fortunate in possessing sand suitable for use in the manufacture of the glass for which Bohemia has long been famous.
Previous to the war the present Czechoslovak territories were responsible for 92% of the sugar produced by Austria-Hungary, for 46% of the spirits, beer 57%, malt 87%, foodstuffs 50%, chemicals 75%, metals 60%, porcelain too %, glass 90%, cotton goods 75%, woollen goods 80%, jute 90%, leather 70%, gloves 90%, boots 75%, paper 60%.
Of porcelain 30,000 tons is produced annually in 68 factories, Karlovy Vary (Carlsbad) being the chief centre of the pottery industry.
Sugar, malt, hops, beer, mineral waters, glass, porcelain, leather, gloves, furniture and toys are the principal articles of export to Great Britain.
Materials for porcelain, including flint, feldspar and kaolin, abound in the east portion of the Piedmont, the kaolin chiefly in Cecil county, and material for mineral paint in Anne Arundel and Prince George's counties, as well as farther north-west.
Glass and (to a less extent) porcelain are attacked by caustic potash ley, slowly in the cold, more readily on boiling.
Devoted to travel, he was in 1876 commissioned by the minister of public instruction to study the religions of the Far East, and the museum contains many of the fruits of this expedition, including a fine collection of Japanese and Chinese porcelain and many objects relating not merely to the religions of the East but also to those of Ancient Egypt, Greece and Rome.
Manufactures are almost confined to the spinning of hemp, and the making of coarse cloth, porcelain, earthenware and cutlery.
Coburg is a place of considerable industry, the chief branches of the latter being brewing, manufactures of machinery, colours and porcelain, iron-founding and saw-milling; and there is an important trade in the cattle reared in the neighbourhood.
Various materials are used as supports for substances in the blowpipe flame; the principal are charcoal, platinum and glass or porcelain.
The older shipyards have been considerably extended, and shipbuilding is actively carried on, especially by the Orlando yard which builds large ships for the Italian navy, while new industries - namely, glass-making and copper and brass-founding, electric power works, a cement factory, porcelain factories, flour-mills, oil-mills, a cotton yarn spinning factory, electric plant works, a ship-breaking yard, a motorboat yard, &c. - have been established.
From the tray the filaments are carried through a series of porcelain and glass eyelets, so arranged that the strand returns on itself, two portions of the same strand being crossed or intertwisted for rounding and consolidation, instead of the croissage of two separate strands as in the old method.
A collection of porcelain in the "Museum Johanneum" (which once contained the picture gallery) is made up of specimens of Chinese, Japanese, East Indian, Sevres and Meissen manufacture, carefully arranged in chronological order.
Bunsen, in 1852, electrolysed fused magnesium chloride in a porcelain crucible.
Borchers also used an externally heated metal vessel as the cathode; it is provided with a supporting collar or flange a little below the top, so that the upper part of the vessel is exposed to the cooling influence of the air, in order that a crust of solidified salt may there be formed, and so prevent the creeping of the electrolyte over the top. The carbon anode passes through the cover of a porcelain cylinder, open at the bottom, and provided with a side-tube at the top to remove the chlorine formed during electrolysis.
Its principal industries are jute spinning and weaving, and the manufacture of porcelain, flags, machinery and beer, and it has some trade in wine.
According to a summary furnished by Lieut.-Colonel Waddell (Lhasa and its Mysteries), the chief imports from China are silk, carpets, porcelain and tea-bricks.
The manufacture of porcelain was at the time attracting great attention in England, and while the factories at Bow, Chelsea, Worcester and Derby were introducing the artificial glassy porcelain, Cookworthy, following the accounts of Pere d'Entrecolles, spent many years in searching for English materials similar to those used by the Chinese.
The factory was removed to Bristol about 1770, and the business was afterwards sold to Richard Champion and others and became the well-known Bristol Porcelain Manufactory.
Apart from its historic interest there is little to be said for the Plymouth porcelain.
Forming the basis of all clays, aluminium silicates play a prominent part in the manufacture of pottery and porcelain.
Other articles of manufacture are leather, tobacco, porcelain, cement, spirits, lead pencils (Nuremberg), plate-glass, sugar, matches, aniline dyes, straw hats and baskets.
Other noteworthy buildings are the provincial museum of antiquities, containing interesting Germanic antiquities, as well as medieval and modern collections of porcelain, pictures, &c.; the courts of justice (transformed in the middle of the 18th century); the old Ommelanderhuis, formerly devoted to the administration of the surrounding district, built in 1509 and restored in 1899; the weigh-house (1874); the civil and military prison; the arsenal; the military hospital; and the concert hall.
Second, though the brittleness should be lessened somewhat by the decrease in the extent to which the continuity of the strong matrix is broken up by the graphite skeleton, yet this effect is outweighed greatly by that of the rapid substitution in the matrix of the brittle cementite for the' very ductile copper-like ferrite, so that the brittleness increases continuously (RS), from that of the very grey graphitic cast irons, which, like that of soapstone, is so slight that the metal can endure severe shock and even indentation without breaking, to that of the pure white cast iron which is about as brittle as porcelain.
It is famous for its manufacture of toys; its other industries are the making of glass and porcelain articles, electrical works and breweries.
It carries on considerable manufactures of faience, plush, velvet, leather, porcelain and earthenware, and is a chief depot for the papier-mache boxes, mostly snuff-boxes, which are made in great quantities in the neighbourhood.
Diamonds are now employed not only for faceting precious stones, but also for cutting and drilling glass, porcelain, &c,; for fine engraving such as scales; in dentistry for drilling; as a turning tool for electric-light carbons, hard rubber, &c.; and occasionally for finishing accurate turning work such as the axle of a transit instrument.
Its principal industries are weaving, and the manufacture of machines, ovens, furniture, pianos, porcelain and sausages.
Commercially, Cologne is one of the chief centres on the Rhine, and has a very important trade in corn, wine, mineral ores, coals, drugs, dyes, manufactured wares, groceries, leather and hides, timber, porcelain and many other commodities.
The eggs are very remarkable objects, curiously unlike those of other birds; and their shell looks as if it were of highly-burnished metal or glazed porcelain, presenting also various colours, which seem to be constant in the particular species, from pale primrose to sage-green or light indigo, or from chocolate brown to pinkish orange.
Of other minerals (with the exceptions of coal, iron and salt treated below) nickel and antimony are found in the upper Harz; cobalt in the hilly districts of Hesse and the Saxon Erzgebirge; arsenic in the Riesengebirge; quicksilver in the Sauerland and in the spurs of the Saarbrucken coal hills; graphite in Bavaria; porcelain clay in Saxony and Silesia; amber along the whole Baltic coast; and lime and gypsum in almost all parts.
Glass and porcelain are largely produced in Bavaria; lace in Sxony; tobacco in Bremen and Hamburg; chemicals in the Prussian province of Saxony; watches in Saxony (Glashutte) and Nuremberg; toys in Bavaria; gold and silver filagree in Berlin and Aschaffenburg; and beer in Bavaria and Prussia.
Tobacco, leather, linen, carpets and war-material are manufactured in Agram, which also contains the works of the Hungarian state railways, and has a brisk trade in grain, wine, potash, honey, silk and porcelain.
It consists of Ober-, Neuand Nieder-Salzbrunn, has a Roman Catholic and an Evangelical church and manufactures of glass, bricks and porcelain.
The chief varieties of this ware are vitrified china, belleek china, semi-porcelain, white granite and c. c. ware, vitrified porcelain for electrical supplies, porcelain bath tubs and tiles, and terra-cotta.
The most notable manufacture is that of porcelain.
Carnelley and Williams employed certain salts of known melting point; whilst the Seger's cones, employed in porcelain manufacture, depend on the fusion of small cones made of clay.
Among those who sought refuge here was a colony of Moravian Brethren; they still occupy a separate quarter of the town, where they carry on manufactures of porcelain stoves and deerskin gloves.
Silver, copper, lead and iron are worked to some profit, while arsenic, alum, graphite, marble, porcelain, precious and building stones are also found.
The original furniture of the palace is represented by the celebrated vase of the Alhambra, a splendid specimen of Moorish ceramic art, dating from 1 3 20, and belonging to the first period of Moorish porcelain.
The (approximately pure) metallic sponge obtained is washed, made compact by compression, fused in a porcelain crucible in an atmosphere of hydrogen, and cast into sticks.
In 1800 he was made director of the Sevres porcelain factory, a post which he retained to his death, 'and in which he achieved his greatest work.
In his hands Sevres became the leading porcelain factory in Europe, and the researches of an able band of assistants enabled him to lay the foundations of ceramic chemistry.
Manganous Sulphide, MnS, found native as manganese glance, may be obtained by heating the monoxide or carbonate in a porcelain tube in a current of carbon bisulphide vapour.
It has factories for glass, porcelain, machinery, cotton-spinning, iron-foundries and coal-mines.
It is situated in the centre of an extensive and wellworked lignite deposit and manufactures glass, porcelain and earthenware.
Porcelain is the name of a type of ceramic ware which is characterized by a translucent body and is also loosely used for the finer kinds of ware, popularly known as chinaware.
The manufacture of white ware, begun in 1872, is the most important branch of the industry - almost half of the "creamcoloured," white granite ware and semivitreous porcelain produced in the United States in 1905 (in value, $4,344,468 out of $9, 1 95,7 0 3) being manufactured in East Liverpool.
The museum of the Frisian Society is of modern foundation and contains a collection of provincial antiquities, including two rooms from Hindeloopen, an ancient village of Friesland, some 16thand 17th-century portraits, some Frisian works in silver of the 17th and 18th centuries, and a collection of porcelain and faience.
The chief exports are tea, porcelain and paper.
Fine ware is produced by the Rorstrand and Gustafsberg porcelain works.
They are classified under the respective heads of porcelain and earthenware, tiles, arms and armour, textile fabrics, needlework and embroidery, metal-work, wood carving and mosaic-painting, manuscripts, enamel, jewelry and musical instruments.
Guntz (Comptes rendus, 1901, 133, p. 872) electrolyses a saturated solution of barium chloride using a mercury cathode and obtains a 3% barium amalgam; this amalgam is transferred to an iron boat in a wide porcelain tube and the tube slowly heated electrically, a good yield of pure barium being obtained at about looo C. The metal when freshly cut possesses a silver white lustre, is a little harder than lead, and is extremely easily oxidized on exposure; it is soluble in liquid ammonia, and readily attacks both water and alcohol.
In 1785 he became assessor to the superintending board of the foundries, and in 1786 chemist to the porcelain works at Meissen.
Beginning with earthenware which twenty years later was improved into "opaque china," it produced from 1814 to 1823 superior porcelain which was beautifully decorated with landscapes, birds, butterflies and flowers and is much prized by connoisseurs.
Support is found for this opinion in Beyerinek's discovery that the juices of tobacco plants affected with the disease known as " leaf mosaic," will induce this disease after filtration through porcelain.
These toxins may become free in the culture fluid, and the living bacteria may then be got rid of by filtering the fluid through a filter of unglazed porcelain, whose pores are sufficiently small to retain them.
The very extensive porcelain industry is concentrated in and around Carlsbad.
An excess of the precipitant is shown by a drop of the solution imparting a yellow colour to a solution of tannin, prepared by dissolving one part of tannin in 300 of water; drops of this solution are placed on a white porcelain plate, and as the precipitant is added to the lead solution a drop of the latter is removed from time to time on a glass stirring-rod and added to one of the drops on the porcelain plate.
Without filtering, the standard solution is added from a burette, and from time to time a drop of the solution is removed on the glass stirring-rod and added to a drop or two of a strong solution of uranium nitrate, previously placed on a white porcelain plate.
Dyeing, leatherdressing, lace-making and the manufacture of porcelain for household and laboratory purposes are carried on.
The porcelain works existed for some 25 years before 1769, when they were sold and removed to Derby.
It has a castle, two Evangelical churches, a technical and other schools, and manufactures of porcelain, paper, copper goods, shoes and small wares.
The pottery products include china, c.c. ware, white granite ware, sanitary ware, belleek and porcelain.
Other industries are machinebuilding, printing and the making of paper and porcelain.
Other industries are jute-spinning, dyeing and brewing, and the manufacture of musical instruments, chemicals, tobacco, cigars, porcelain and machinery.
Gotha is one of the most active commercial towns of Thuringia, its manufactures including sausages, for which it has a great reputation, porcelain, tobacco, sugar, machinery, mechanical and surgical instruments, musical instruments, shoes, lamps and toys.
Close to this is the Willet-Holthuysen Museum (1895) of furniture, porcelain, &c.
Its chief manufactures are glass and porcelain, toys, gloves and chemicals, and the town has tanneries and saw-mills.
The industries include the manufacture of fine pottery, and of so-called porcelain buttons made of felspar and milk by a special process; its inventor, Bapterosses, has a bust in the town.
Quartz is a valuable grinding and polishing material, and is used for making sandpaper and scouring-soap. It is also largely used in the manufacture of glass and porcelain, "silver sand" being a pure quartz sand.
A tile of white porcelain with a black pattern on it will, if heated red-hot, show the pattern bright on a darker ground.
There is an important trade in agricultural products and live stock, as well as manufactures of woollen stuffs, leather, gunpowder, chemicals and porcelain.
The industries of the place include the manufacture of porcelain, chocolate and dyestuffs, wool-spinning and bell-founding.
In this apparatus, known as the Pasteur-Chamberland filter, the filtering medium is biscuit porcelain.
Porcelain, enamelled iron, for high concentrations even cast-iron without any protection, are also in use.
Condensation is a comparatively easy task in the case of platinum apparatus, but with glass or porcelain beakers or retorts it presents great difficulties.
Frankenthal was formerly famous for its porcelain factory, established here in 1755 by Paul Anton Hannong of Strassburg, who sold it in 1762 to the elector palatine Charles Theodore.
For the porcelain see Heuser, Frankenthaler Gruppen and Figuren (Spires, 18 99) .
There are also communal colleges for boys and girls, a school of artillery and school of draughtsmanship. The industrial establishments include manufactories of earthenware and porcelain and metalfoundries, and tanning, leather-dressing, turnery, the making of wooden shoes and furniture, the weaving of woollen and other fabrics, dyeing, and the manufacture of machinery, paper and parchment are carried on.
A considerable amount of trade is done in the export of wool, hides, cotton, carpets, silks, felts, cereals (wheat, barley, maize, rice), sheep, fruit and vegetables, and in tea, silver, porcelain and opium imported from China, cloth and groceries from India, and cloth, cottons, silks, sugar, matches and leather from West Turkestan and Russia.
Freising has manufactures of agricultural machinery and of porcelain, while printing and brewing are carried on.
At first they acquire a bright and very smooth surface, but this is subsequently replaced by a dull crust, resembling white or yellowish porcelain.
The public buildings include several modern churches, two hospitals and a museum with collections of antiquities, natural history, porcelain, &c. Connected with the museum is a public library with 75,000 volumes and a number of valuable manuscripts, many of them richly illuminated.
The manufactures of the duchy are varied, though none is of first-rate importance; woollen goods, gloves, hats, porcelain and earthenware, bricks, sewing-machines, paper, musical instruments, sausages and wooden articles are the chief products.
Instead of heating the tube, the gas may be ignited at the mouth of the tube and a cold surface of porcelain or platinum placed in the flame, when a black deposit is formed on the surface.
Besides large tobacco, glass and porcelain factories, Gijon possesses iron foundries and petroleum refineries; while its minor industries include fisheries, and the manufacture of preserved foods, soap, chocolate, candles and liqueurs.
Among the few industrial establishments is a porcelain factory.
The making of porcelain is chiefly carried on at Seville.
The town possesses large ironworks, coal-mines, rolling-mills, zinc smelting-works, railway workshops and manufactures of wire-rope, glass, chemicals, porcelain and soap. The first houses of Oberhausen were built in 1845, and it received its municipal character in 1874.
The principal French fireclays are derived from the Tertiary strata in the south, and more nearly resemble porcelain clays than those of the Coal Measures.
Five minutes later, she bent over a toilet, paying homage to the porcelain gods.
He was bound to the porcelain fixture with a nylon cord around his ankles and one around his arms, which were tied behind him.
A few pieces of Chinese porcelain, including celadon were also identified.
Current Work I use stoneware clays of all kinds, ranging from porcelain to crank.
Years later, the artist wrote, In 1922 I ordered by telephone from a sign factory five paintings in porcelain enamel.
Savings on everything from Asian styled gifts to Zebra porcelain figurines.
Helen mixes up her own paper clay for large pieces and sometimes uses porcelain paper flax for smaller work.
If you've had lots of bouts of inflamed gallbladder you may get porcelain gallbladder.
Always Porcelain Limited is a secure online shop selling top quality Royal Worcester porcelain and bone china giftware, figurines and tableware.
The porcelain enameled hooded BBQ incorporates the ' Quartz Ignition System ' .
Take care not to contact the porcelain insulator or the center electrode as they can be easily damaged.
Antique, vintage, retro, kitsch, shabby chic, kitsch and collectible china, pottery and porcelain decorative pieces.
The design was based on a shape produced at the Tournai porcelain manufactory in Belgium operating from 1751 - 1800.
Chrome monobloc mixer tap set, white porcelain wash hand basin and WC.
Although it lacked the whiteness and strength of hard paste porcelain, soft paste porcelain, soft paste was cheaper to produce.
Good buys include the porcelain and leather goods, but bargain hard.
Core materials A veneer of surface feldspathic porcelain is bonded to a core.
They are, of course, printed catalogs with illustrations of armorial porcelain and heraldic antiques printed in full color in the traditional way.
He returned for a second solo show in 1998, after working with translucent porcelain in the studio of Oxford potter Margaret O'Rorke.
Bow porcelain was created to compete with the popular imported oriental porcelain.
In the British Museum are some examples of Chinese porcelain painted at Bow.
It held more than three quarts, and was of oriental porcelain, painted and gilt.
Hard paste porcelain requires at least two firings in the kiln.
A 17 th century Chinese export porcelain dish with enamel colors.
Both statue and glider is made of cold cast porcelain.
Finally we have had all the ' wet ' areas tiled with the best quality porcelain tiles.
The fairies appeared in disturbing form as hooded figures manipulating hand puppets and porcelain dolls with grotesque and menacingly blank faces.
These include specially embroidered silk and organza bags, seashell placecard holders, and porcelain truffle favor boxes.
The Project The Chinese supplier factory was required to manufacture a range of porcelain tableware, glazed with a variety of colored glazes.
Porcelain trinket Box Here is a beautiful little fine bone china trinket box ideal for your dresser.
Geoffrey Swindell, whose many interests range from the beach to science fiction, produces small elaborately finished porcelain vases.
In effect, this is an extension of a porcelain veneer.
Current Work Gas reduction fired domestic and exhibition porcelain ware.
Limoges is the chief centre for the manufacture of porcelain, and the artistic products of the national porcelain factory of Svres have a world.
There are, however, some artistic industries in and around the city, of which the most important is the Ginori-Richard porcelain works, and the Cantagalli majolica works.
The earliest manufacture of porcelainas distinguished from potterybegan in the opening years of the 16th century, but its materials were exotic. Genuine Japanese porcelain dates from about a century later.
Table services of Owari porcelain the ware itself excellently manipulated and of almost egg-shell fineness2re now decorated with floral scrolls, landscapes, insects, birds, figure-subjects and al sorts of designs, chaste, elaborate or quaint; and these services, representing so much artistic labor and originality, are, sold for prices that bear no due ratio to the skill required in their manufacture.
Undoubtedly the best specimens of this kinran-de (brocade) porcelain of Kaga merit praise and admiration; but, on the whole, ware so gaudy could not long hold a high place in public esteem.
William Cookworthy (1705-1780), a porcelain manufacturer, the first to exploit the deposits of kaolin in the south-west of England, was also born at Kingsbridge.
Mehun-sur-Yevre (pop. 5227), a town with an active manufacture of porcelain, has a Romanesque church and a chÃ¢teau of the 14th century.
It is employed in certain printing processes, as a cement for artificial stone and for mending glass, porcelain, &c., and also for making the so-called silicated soaps (see SoAP).
But Cookworthy deserves to be remembered for his discovery of those abundant supplies of English clay and rocks which form the foundation of English porcelain and fine earthenware (see Ceramics).
Shipbuilding is carried on at Las Palmas; and the minor industries include the manufacture of cloth, drawn-linen (calado) work, silk, baskets, hats, &c. A group of Indian merchants, who employ coolie labour, produce silken, jute and cotton goods, Oriental embroideries, wrought silver, brass-ware, porcelain, carved sandal-wood, &c. The United Kingdom heads the import trade in coal, textiles, hardware, iron, soap, candles and colonial products.
Porcelain Trinket Box Here is a beautiful little fine bone china trinket box ideal for your dresser.
The porcelain version had a nylon flap interior and a velveteen interior on the iPod portion.
Current Work Gas reduction fired domestic and exhibition Porcelain ware.
The whiteness of porcelain gives a good ground for the application of glazes without affecting the colors unlike a normal stoneware body.
For solid silver and silver-plated items, visit The Silver Gallery or for personalized porcelain visit Georgetown Pottery.
That lovely antique table that was covered with beautiful, glass or porcelain baby ornaments may now hold small plastic blocks, stuffed animals, and assorted board books.
Porcelain Limoges Jewelry Box-While a baby might not appreciate this gift just yet, mom certainly will!
You can purchase porcelain blocks, wooden blocks, and even silver blocks.
Choose from hand-painted, porcelain crosses that feature the name of the child as well as the date of the baptism, silver crosses, ceramic crosses, cross necklaces and bracelets, and more.
The biggest selling points are the ease of assembly and the porcelain coated iron grates which make for easy clean ups and less sticking.
Despite the name, a porcelain sink is actually made from porcelain coating another material.
Because they are coated, porcelain models are prone to chipping.
You'll find terracotta and porcelain planters available.
It works on plastics, copper, aluminum, glass, porcelain, and much more.
Select a natural stone floor in slate, quartzite or travertine, or a porcelain or ceramic floor that mimics natural stone for easier maintenance.
New porcelain tiles are available in finishes that mimic fabric, leather and metal, all of which can add subtle texture to the room.
Natural stone backsplashes with oversized porcelain floor tiles and a wild patterned granite can all tie into the same design, provided colors flow and most of the textures remain the same.
Accessories include rows of leather books, delicate porcelain figures and landscape paintings.
Hand-painted ceramic or porcelain table lamps are another terrific lighting choice.
Knick-knacks can include chipped china, old vases, porcelain and other vintage items displayed on shelves and sofa tables and in china cabinets.
They can be made out of glass, metal or porcelain, with different motifs to choose from.
Some manufacturers have also recently created porcelain tiles that look like real hardwood.
Any tile can be used on the backsplash, including glass, stone, ceramic or porcelain.
Bright white porcelain sinks and toilets can really stand out in a Southwestern theme.
Angel figurines can be made from glass, porcelain and wood.
It gives wonderful glowing coverage and your face will look like porcelain.
Veneers can be made of plastic or porcelain and are glued over the teeth to change their appearance.
The foundation will still look effective and you will be able to keep up with the pale, porcelain skinned pack!
For your coloring, which leans toward the warm side, I would choose foundations that are ivory, porcelain or warm beige.
Gwen Stefani is blessed with a gorgeous porcelain skin tone that enhances her retro look.
As a general rule, porcelain toned gals tend to look great in white, while warmer complexions look great in nude colors.
You can choose from 12 foundation shades, from porcelain to espresso.
Enamel pots are metal pots covered with porcelain.
We still display the porcelain soup spoon given to us when we attended a Chinese wedding banquet several years ago.
Porcelain boxes stamped with the symbols for "Double Happiness" can be filled with candy, almonds or nothing at all.
Handles are made from a wider variety of materials, including porcelain, enamel, crystal, glass, ceramic, ivory, mother of pearl, and more.
There are many styles of white frames available, from ornate porcelain frames to simple painted wooden frames, to choose from.
Add some small porcelain snowman figurines or holiday village pieces to accent the table.
Formal occasions call for crystal, gold, porcelain, or silver bells.
German couples traditionally throw a party the night before the wedding, during which their guests throw porcelain dishes at the couple's feet for good luck.
You can also take part in an excursion to Delft to tour the Royal Delft Porcelain Factory.
Pallidus is a pale porcelain blue, a short-leaved variety.
It's hard to imagine this, since a porcelain or enamel coating keeps them from looking like a washtub out of an old Western movie.
A simple reglazing may be all your porcelain tub needs to look as good as new, with process applications to eliminate the blemishes.
However, some premium quality sinks are made from porcelain or other solid surface-material such as marble that can match your backsplash.
Older enamel, porcelain, and cast-iron sinks may not be acid resistant.
Other finishes that are becoming more popular in outdoor fireplace design include natural rock, stucco, and even porcelain.
Porcelain tile is a ceramic that can be glazed or unglazed, but is typically kiln fired at very high temperatures.
The Mandala collections include ceramic, porcelain, etched stone, natural stone and fused glass.
Or, take advantage of one of the new porcelain tiles.
Porcelain tiles are also available in sizes such as 6 x 24-inches, perfect for creating wall tile patterns in a range of colors and textures.
Large format porcelain tiles with surfaces that resemble leather, fabric and stone are perfect for your shower installation.
Not only do they have fewer grout joints, and are vitrified to allow them to be butted together, porcelain tiles have virtually no maintenance at all, so once they are installed you can sit back and enjoy their beauty.
River rock mosaics, contemporary mosaic patterns and porcelain tiles that mimic the look of leather, fabric and wood have spurred new interest in tile designs.
Porcelain tiles are available in more colors, sizes and styles than ever before.
Combine laser etched porcelain tiles in 12 x 24 offset patterns on the floor with 6 x 12-inch glass tiles offset on the walls.
Porcelain tiles are also available in sizes such as 6 by 24-inches, perfect for creating wall tile patterns in a range of colors and textures.
Do the same thing on the floor by replacing hexagonal porcelain tiles with the same size and shape of frosted glass tiles every so often.
Bathroom tile patterns can be created out of any material, including stone, glass, porcelain and ceramic.
Porcelain tiles are durable and strong; they also undergo a firing process which makes them capable of withstanding high temperatures.
Porcelain can closely resemble real stone and many kitchen countertop tiles that look like stone are actually made from porcelain.
Porcelain is reasonably priced and comes in a range of colors and styles.
Ceramic tiles typically cost less than glass or porcelain tiles and their cost is far less than marble or granite.
Tile can also be a rugged choice if you stick with quality porcelain or ceramic.
You should also go with the hardest, strongest and best quality ceramic or porcelain tile you can find.
Plain white porcelain is a thing of the past; today's sinks come in a wide variety of wonderful colors.
If you like the idea of metal, but not the upkeep, consider getting a porcelain sink painted in a metallic finish.
If you are replacing your kitchen flooring, expect to find porcelain tiles starting around one dollar a square foot and ungauged slate tiles starting around one and a half dollars a foot.
All other materials go up from there and it is not uncommon to find stone, porcelain and wood flooring going for around $20 a foot.
In addition to sterling silver, these bracelets are also available in gold, wood, wood beads, pearl, gem stones or birthstones, porcelain, and enamel medals, discs, or images.
Hand constructed form turquoise, coral, Chinese porcelain, freshwater pearls, sterling silver, abalone pearl, Czech glass and Austrian crystal, these special bracelets each have half of an interlocking heart.
The mothers can select from exquisite blue royal crystals, faux pearls, porcelain roses, and even an engraved gold bracelet.
The containers come in leather, glass, ceramic, porcelain, sterling silver, resins, and pewter.
Many designs are also possible, ranging from plain leather to hand-painted art work and porcelain cat-shaped boxes.
The oldest ring boxes were small jewelry chests made of materials like gold, glass, brass, or porcelain.
A basket for tea drinkers may include a delicate porcelain tea cup and saucer, a beautiful teapot or a tea strainer.
Founded in 1960, Copco got its start manufacturing cast iron cookware with a porcelain enamel.
The first dolls were made of rags, with later dolls made with porcelain and bisque heads, legs and arms and cloth bodies.
One collector who collects porcelain dolls may focus primarily on the manufacturers that produced dolls during the 1800s, while another chooses modern porcelain dolls by certain artists with certain themes or other details.
The beauty of antique Victorian porcelain doll heads shows the skilled craftsmanship of doll designers of that era in history.
One of the most confusing aspects of antique Victorian porcelain dolls is the terms used to describe the material of the head.
Doll heads are generally referred to as china or bisque, both of which are made of porcelain.
Some doll collectors, and many people who don't collect dolls, refer to all doll heads of the Victorian era as porcelain.
In truth, all the doll heads are made from porcelain with the following differences.
They are made of bisque, or unglazed porcelain, without any added tinting.
Bisque doll heads are made from unglazed porcelain that has been tinted.
China doll heads are made from porcelain that is finished by coating it with a shiny glaze.
Unfortunately, there are many of these glazed porcelain doll heads that do not have any maker's marks.
The German manufacturers realized they could get a higher degree of detail working with parian then with glazed porcelain.
Many of the earlier porcelain doll heads are represented along with new information associating certain heads to the proper manufacturer.
Each type of antique Victorian porcelain doll head has its own unique beauty and charm.
It is the hardest and most resilient porcelain in existence due to the addition of bone ash.
For example, crazing on very old porcelain is acceptable; however chips and cracks are not.
A variety of materials were used to construct library oil lamps, including metal, glass, crystal, and porcelain.
If enough tooth is missing to compromise the entire tooth structure, but the pulp is not permanently damaged, the tooth will require a protective coverage with a gold or porcelain crown.
Porcelain dolls, Barbies, talking bears, and even wooden nutcrackers are all turned into children's toys belonging to the world of ballet.
Ceramic or porcelain vases are best as they don't allow light through to the water and therefore discourage algae growth.
The selection of available colors includes favorites such as antique white, heather gray, black, vintage lace, pink azalea, cool aqua, and porcelain green.
Gorgeous silk fabrics, hand-painted porcelain, and exotic jewelry are just some of the wonderful items you'll continue to run across in shop after shop.
Porcelain restorations, veneers and whitening services are provided.
Veneers are thin layers of tooth-colored porcelain or resin composite that are attached to the front of your teeth.
Veneers can be made of either a resin composite or porcelain.
Porcelain - These veneers are very thin, usually about 0.5 to 0.7 millimeters.
The porcelain veneer, combined with sophisticated adhesion techniques, tends to be more structurally sound than a resin composite veneer.
A porcelain veneer becomes very strong after it is bonded to a natural tooth and it can last for ten to fifteen years.
Porcelain veneers are less likely to stain than resin composite veneers.
Porcelain also has a translucent look which makes the veneer look more natural.
However, porcelain veneers do have a downside.
If a porcelain veneer breaks, it must be replaced.
Resin composite veneers can be applied in one office visit.Applying porcelain veneers takes at least two visits to the dentist.
A plaster impression is usually taken to function as a guide for the dental lab to create the porcelain veneers.
New porcelain veneers are then created in a laboratory.
Basically, inlays and onlays are fillers made of porcelain that will help restore teeth damaged by decay and similar damage.
Cosmetic dentists use porcelain (as mentioned above) and other composite materials that easily blend and enhance your smile, rather than taking away from it.
Blue Porcelain surplice one piece is patterned like fine china.
When crafted by a well-practiced hand, miniature porcelain fairy dolls exemplify artistic brilliance and mastery of detail.
Building miniature porcelain fairy dolls can be slow and fastidious.
The majority of these dolls are soft, with porcelain arms, legs and head.
Many people love to collect miniature porcelain fairy dolls as a hobby.
A child's tea set can be made of durable plastic or dainty porcelain, but whatever it's made of, it's sure to delight kids of all ages.
However, for older children, having a delicate porcelain tea set can be a good way to teach them to be careful and take care of precious items.
Basic, plastic toy tea sets don't cost much, but expect to pay more for porcelain or earthenware sets, which are often quite detailed and delicate.
Whether you're creating a dream doll for your doll house, making a tiny tableau or shadow box, or just want to experience a fun craft, miniature porcelain doll making kits are a great way to make one-of-a-kind dolls.
These kits come with everything you need to put together a little porcelain beauty, and they are available from specialty retailers online.
At Gina Bellous Dolls, you'll find a wide range of incredible porcelain doll kits, each with the pieces you need to make a doll that is five and a half inches tall or 1/12 scale.
The torso, head, and feet are also porcelain, and the kit includes the batting and wire you need to make your doll's posable body.
Each kit is 1/12 scale and comes with the instructions and porcelain torso, arms, and legs.
The process of making a miniature porcelain doll is fun and creative, and the end result can be spectacular.
Every miniature dollhouse deserves a fitting collection of miniature porcelain dollhouse dolls.
Porcelain dolls have been collected and treasured as prized possessions for centuries now, and dollhouses have long been a staple of the childhood of young women in many countries.
The combination of dollhouses with miniature porcelain dolls is a match made in Heaven-functional for the playing child, collectible for the discerning adult.
The wide variety of miniature porcelain dollhouse dolls ensures that every race, culture, and time period is portrayed in vivid, lifelike detail.
The Miniature Doll Artistry in Porcelain features a selection of stunning handmade miniature dolls in a range of sizes, fit for just about any type of dollhouse.
A giant assortment of porcelain dolls of all types is available for preview and purchase on this website, along with the accessories that will make them come to life.
Doreen Sinnett Miniature Porcelain Dolls- Only the finest handiwork goes into the creations of Doreen Sinnett, whose wide variety of dolls come in sizes as tall as one foot and as tiny as just an inch in length!
Classic Victorian families and more modern porcelain dolls are available in varying heights, and each with a unique set of clothing and available accessories.
Whatever their source, your porcelain dollhouse dolls are sure to be a point of pride for years to come.