The chief industry is the cultivation of oysters in four large beds in the Mare Piccolo; besides oysters, Taranto carries on a large trade in cozze, a species of large black mussel, which is packed in barrels with a special sauce.
The arsenal extends for a mile and a half along the southern coast of the Mare Piccolo, which constitutes its chief basin.
In its present form the Mare Piccolo provides a well-sheltered anchorage, 36 ft.
The group has numerous other lofty peaks, of which the chief are the Pizzo d Intermesole (8680 ft.), the Corno Piccolo (8650 ft.), the Pizzo Cefalone (8307 ft.) and the Monte della Portella (7835 ft.).
At a very early date the original harbour at Naples, now known in its greatly reduced state as Porto Piccolo, and fit only for boats and lighters, became too small.
In his 5th symphony he introduced 3 trombones and extended both the upper and lower extremes of the windband by a piccolo and a double bassoon.
3 flutes (3rd to play piccolo when required).
The rest of the orchestra consists of Piccolo and 3 flutes.
The lagoon fisheries are also of great importance, more especially those of Comacchio, the lagoon of Orbetello and the Mare Piccolo at Taranto &c The deep-sea fishing boats in 1902 numbered 1368, with a total tonnage of 16,149; 100 of these were coral-fishing boats and 111 sponge-fishing boats.
This island separates the Gulf of Taranto from the deep inlet of the Mare Piccolo, and is sheltered by two other flat islands, San Pietro and San Paolo; the latter is occupied by a lighthouse.
The Strada Garibaldi along the Mare Piccolo is inhabited by fishermen whose language retains traces of Greek.
The Mare Grande is connected with the Mare Piccolo by a channel 875 yds.
Allori compiled a Piccolo Dizionario eritreo, italianoarabo-amarico (Milan, 1895).
Excellent fish abound in the Mare Piccolo, ninety-three different species being found.