The physiology of respiration has been carefully studied by F.
But his expectations from the study of anatomy and physiology went a long way.
Its chief aim was to reconcile the new views in physiology and chemistry with practical medicine.
All physiology, consequently, must be based upon the identity of the protoplasm of all living beings.
Physiology may one day very likely assist the systematist; but it must be real physiology and not a sham.
Teleology had, indeed, an important part in the development of physiology - the knowledge of the mechanism, the physical and chemical properties, of the parts of the body of man and the higher animals allied to him.
His own researches in special branches of physiology were important, but do not strictly belong to our present subject.
The pursuit of the learned physician, - anatomy and physiology: exemplified by Harvey, Haller, Hunter, Johann Miller.
Pflanzenkrankheiten, the Gardeners Chronicle, &c. Etiolation, &c.Pfeffer, Physiology of Plants, and other works on physiology.
From the mazy and incoherent alchemical and iatrochemical doctrines, the former based on false conceptions of matter, the latter on erroneous views of life processes and physiology, a new science arose - the study of the composition of substances.
His general physiology was essentially founded upon the Hippocratic theory of the four elements, with which he combined the notion of spirit (pneuma) penetrating all parts, and mingled with the humours in different proportions.
The study of the physiology of ecdysis in its simpler forms has unfortunately been somewhat neglected, investigators having directed their attention chiefly to the cases that are most striking, such as the transformation of a maggot into a fly, or of a caterpillar into a butterfly.
The subject-matter of this new science, or branch of biological science, had been neglected: it did not form part of the studies of the collector and systematist, nor was it a branch of anatomy, nor of the physiology pursued by medical men, nor again was it included in the field of microscopy and the celltheory.
These are physiology in the modern sense, as dating from Haller, and pathological anatomy, as dating from Morgagni.
In 1840 the appearance of Chemistry in its Application to Agriculture and Physiology by Justus von Liebig set on foot a movement in favour of scientific husbandry, the most notable outcome of which was the establishment by Sir John Bennet Lawes in 1843 of the experimental station of Rothamsted.
Lowne, The Anatomy, Physiology, Morphology and Development of the Blow fly (2 vols., London, 1890-1895); G.
Most of Wollaston's original work' deals more or less directly with chemical subjects, but diverges on all sides into optics, acoustics, mineralogy, astronomy, physiology, botany and even art.
General Tendencies Since Darwin Darwin may be said to have founded the science of bionomics, and at the same time to have given new stimulus and new direction to morphography, physiology, and plasmology, by uniting them as contributories to one common biological doctrine-the doctrine of organic evolution-itself but a part of the wider doctrine of universal evolution based on the laws of physics and chemistry.
It includes five books; of which the first and second treat of physiology, pathology and hygiene, the third and fourth deal with the methods of treating disease, and the fifth describes the composition and preparation of remedies.
The work achieved by Russian savants, especially in biology, physiology and chemistry, and in the sciences descriptive of the vast territory of Russia, is well known to Europe.
The application of physiology to the explanation of diseases, and thus to practice, was chiefly by the theory of the temperaments or mixtures which Galen founded upon the Hippocratic doctrine of humours, but developed with marvellous and fatal ingenuity.
The use of the term " pathological physiology " may at first appear strange, for if we define physiology as the sum of the normal functions of the body or organism, it may be hard to see how there can be a physiology which is pathological.
James Keill (1673-1719) applied Newtonian and mechanical principles to the explanation of bodily functions with still greater accuracy and completeness; but his researches have more importance for physiology than for practical medicine.
He advanced chemistry, botany, anatomy, as well as physiology, and was incessantly occupied in endeavouring to apply his scientific studies to practical medicine, thus continuing the work of his great teacher Boerhaave.
AuTH0RITIE5.Sachs, Lectures on the Physiology of Plants, translated by Marshall Ward; Vines, Lectures on the Physiology of Plants; Pfeffer, The Physiology of Plants, trans.
(From Greens Vegetable Physiology, by permission.)
In anatomy and physiology little advance had been made, and so of pathology in the sense of an explanation of morbid processes or knowledge of diseased structures there could be very little.
PHYSIOLOGY and its allied articles deal with the subject generally and in relation to man, while the special physiology of plants is dealt with in a section of the article PLANTS.
PHYSIOLOGY OF PLANTS
It is clear that the knowledge of function (physiology) did not by any means keep pace with the knowledge of structure, and this was probably the reason why the important sect of the empirics were able entirely to dispense with anatomical knowledge.
The former brought with it necessarily a more accurate conception of physiology, and thus led up to the great discovery of Harvey, which was the turningpoint in modern medicine.
For the history of the discovery, and its consequences in anatomy and physiology, we must refer to the article Harvey.
by Moor; Darwin and Acton, Practical Physiology of Plants; Davenport, C.B., Experimental Morphology, vols.
by Ewart; Reynolds Green, Introduction to Vegetable Physiology; The Soluble Ferments and Fermentation; Detmer, Practical Plant Physiology, trans.
Though none of Aristotle's writings are strictly medical, he has by his researches in anatomy and physiology contributed greatly to the progress of medicine.
The developments of this school belong rather to the history of physiology, where they appear, seen in the light of modern science, as excellent though premature endeavours in a scientific direction.
and ii.; Verworn, General Physiology, trans.
Its structure has been described by C. Heinemann, and its physiology by R.
Gilbert, Rothamsted Memoirs on Agricultural Chemistry and Physiology, 7 vols.
His friend and biographer, David Welsh (1793-1845), superintended the publication of his text-book, the Physiology of the Human Mind, and his Lectures on the Philosophy of the Human Mind was published by his successors, John Stewart and the Rev. E.
Among his other papers may be mentioned those dealing with the formation of fairy rings (1807), a synoptic scale of chemical equivalents (1814), sounds inaudible to ordinary ears (1820), the physiology of vision (1824), the apparent direction of the eyes in a portrait (1824) and the comparison of the light of the sun with that of the moon and fixed stars (1829).
After 1872, in addition to its regular organs, it issued Hungarian translations of several popular scientific English works, as, for instance, Darwin's Origin of Species; Huxley's Lessons in Physiology; Lubbock's Prehistoric Times; Proctor's Other Worlds than Ours; Tyndall's Heat as a Mode of Motion, &c. Versions were also made of Cotta's Geologie der Gegenwart and Helmholtz's Populcire Vorlesungen.
A subdivision of zoology which was at one time in favour is simply into morphology and physiology, the study of form and structure on the one hand, and the study of Scope the activities and functions of the forms and structures of zoo- on the other.
The principal contributors to the " Transactions " of this section of the academy were--for anatomy and physiology, Coloman Balogh, Eugene Jendrassik, Joseph Lenhossek and Lewis Thanhoffer; for zoology, John Frivaldszky, John Kriesch and Theodore Margo; for botany, Frederick Hazslinszky, Lewis Juranyi and Julius Klein; for mineralogy and geology, Joseph Szabo, Max Hantken, Joseph Krenner, Anthony Koch and Charles Hoffman; for physics, Baron Lorando Eotviis, Coloman Szily and Joseph Sztoczek; for chemistry, Charles Than and Vincent Wartha; for meteorology, Guido Schenzl.
His true greatness can only be estimated by a consideration of the fact that he was a great teacher not only of human and comparative anatomy and zoology but also of physiology, and that nearly all the most distinguished German zoologists and physiologists of the period 1850 to 1870 were his pupils and acknowledged his leadership. The most striking feature about Johann Miller's work, apart from the comprehensiveness of his point of view, in which he added to the anatomical and morphological ideas of Cuvier a consideration of physiology, embryology and microscopic structure, was the extraordinary accuracy, facility and completeness of his recorded observations.
88; Verworn, General Physiology (Eng.
It is often assumed that the writings and influence of Bacon did much towards introducing a more scientific method into medicine and physiology.
Borelli (1608-1679), whose treatise De motu animalium, published in 1680, is regarded as marking an epoch in physiology.
Indeed, the historical and present importance of this aspect or branch of zoological science is so great that the name " zoology " has until recently been associated entirely with it, to the exclusion of the study of minute anatomical structure and function which have been distinguished as anatomy and physiology.
Anatomy and the study of animal mechanism, animal physics and animal chemistry, all of which form part of a true zoology, were excluded from the usual definition of the word by the mere accident that the zoologist had his museum but not his garden of living specimens as the botanist had; 1 and, whilst the zoologist was thus deprived of the means of anatomical and physiological study - only later supplied by the method of preserving animal bodies in alcohol - the demands of medicine for a knowledge of the structure of the human animal brought into existence a separate and special study of human anatomy and physiology.
Scientific zoology really started in the 16th century with the awakening of the new spirit of observation and exploration, but for a long time ran a separate course uninfluenced by the progress of the medical studies of anatomy and physiology.
No such distinction of mental activities as that involved in the division of the study of animal life into morphology and physiology has ever really existed: the investigator of animal forms has never entirely ignored the functions of the forms studied by him, and the experimental inquirer into the functions and properties of animal tissues and organs has always taken very careful account of the forms of those tissues and organs.
Thus Bionomics is treated in such articles as Evolution, Heredity, Variation, Mendelism, Reproduction, Sex, &C.; Zoo-dynamics under Medicine, Surgery, Physiology, Anatomy, Embryology, and allied articles; Plasmology under Cytology, Protoplasm, &C.; and Philosophical Zoology under numerous headings, Evolution, Biology, &C. See also Zoological Distribution, Palaeontology, Ocranography, Microtomy, &C.
Psychology is inseparably linked with physiology; and the phases of social life exhibited by animals other than man, which sometimes curiously foreshadow human policy, fall strictly within the province of the biologist.
His work was mainly concerned with electricity and magnetism, though he also made some contributions to optics and physiology.
The science of Descartes was physics in all its branches, but especially as applied to physiology.
The former contributed nothing new to the system except a more emphatic statement of the distinction between psychology and physiology.
The Board of Agriculture in 1803 had commissioned Sir Humphry Davy to deliver a course of lectures on the connexion of chemistry with vegetable physiology.
The reform of medicine in France must be dated from the great intellectual awakening caused by the Revolution, but more definitely starts with the researches in anatomy and physiology of Marie Francois Xavier Bichat (1771-1802).
The appreciation of such modifications, and of the working of such causes, has been facilitated greatly by the light thrown upon normal processes by advances in physiology; so dependent is each branch of knowledge upon the advances of contiguous and incident studies.
While pathology then, which is especially the "science of medicine," was winning territory on one side from physiology,.
It is in this department, from its abstruseness and complexity, that we should expect the advance of anatomy and physiology - normal and morbid - to be most delayed.
The results of these experimental researches by many inquirers into the constitution of the brain have transformed our conceptions of cerebral physiology, and thrown a flood of light on the diseases of the brain.
In the sphere of physiology and in the interpretation of associated arterial diseases much obscurity still remains; as, for instance, concerning the nature of the toxic substances which produce those bilateral changes in the kidneys which we call Bright's disease, and bring about the "uraemia" which is characteristic of it.
In animal physiology he set himself to trace out the operation of determinate chemical and physical laws in the maintenance of life and health.
Vegetable physiology he pursued with special reference to agriculture, which he held to be the foundation of all trade and industry, but which could not be rationally practised without the guidance of chemical principles.
- (Dr Bridges.) The first and greatest aim of the Positive Philosophy is to advance the study of society into the third of the three stages, - to remove social phenomena from the sphere of theological and metaphysical conceptions, and to introduce among them the same scientific observation of their laws which has given us physics, chemistry, physiology.
Thus, physiology is an abstract science; but zoology is concrete.
They are thus the double key of The double Comte's systematization of the philosophy of all the key of sciences from mathematics to physiology, and his positive analysis of social evolution, which is the base of philo= sociology.
When the positive method has been finally extended to society, as it has been to chemistry and physiology, these social facts will be resolved, as their ultimate analysis, into relations with one another, and instead of seeking causes in the old sense of the word, men will only examine the conditions of social existence.
Understanding your dog's physiology can also help in selecting healthy activities and products for her.
He received his veterinary degree and a Special Honors degree in Physiology and Biochemistry from the Royal Veterinary College at London University.
Their digestive systems lack the necessary physiology to digest vegetation.
Organic farmers also use plant physiology in their favor.
The Center hosts its own facilities for sleep studies where the full parameters of a person's sleep physiology can be measured.
Biology: A coaster can only be as intense as riders can stand, and good roller coaster design will incorporate the limits of human anatomy and physiology to keep the ride safe and comfortable.
Journal of Applied Physiology 82 (Mar. 1997): 799-806.
Katch. Exercise Physiology: Energy, Nutrition, and Human Performance, 5th ed. Philadelphia: Lippincott, 2001.
Skin Pharmacology and Applied Skin Physiology 16, no. 1 (January-February 2003): 28-35.
Urologist-A physician who specializes in the anatomy, physiology, diseases, and care of the urinary tract (in men and women) and male reproductive tract.
Fundamentals of Anatomy and Physiology, 6th ed. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall, 2002.
Ophthalmologist-A physician who specializes in the anatomy and physiology of the eyes and in the diagnosis and treatment of eye diseases and disorders.
"Children's behavior and physiology and how it affects exposure to environmental contaminants."
Children are not small adults, but have different physiology.
Physiologic-Refers to physiology, particularly normal, healthy, physical functioning.
In order to address this concern, it's helpful to know a little bit about the physiology of early pregnancy.
Not all children have the same physiology.
For many centuries, color has been known to have a profound effect on the mind as well as the physiology of human beings.
Read on as LoveToKnow explores the link between fashion and physiology of your foot.
Programs for certification generally include techniques, teaching methodology, anatomy and physiology, philosophy, ethics, lifestyle, and student teaching.
Readers will learn how an understanding of Western physiology and anatomy can enhance their yoga practice.
These standards assure quality for the student-teacher and future students of that teacher in areas of practicum, physical practice, methodology, philosophy, and physiology.
Anatomy and Physiology: Like anyone else who works with the human body, anatomy and physiology are important concepts to understand.
Then, students move on to extensive lessons in anatomy, physiology, breath, and body movement.
Completing the Level I, Level II, and an anatomy and physiology workshop, enables students to register with the Yoga Alliance for 200-hour certification.
Both the intensive program and the weekend program contain the same elements: ranging from asana and pranayama practice, to anatomy and physiology, as well as covering the yogic lifestyle and diet.
It also includes instruction on anatomy and physiology.
He studied sports nutrition and exercise physiology.
Help your body's physiology to work for you.
This diet uses your body's physiology to work for you.
The genetics of the human body reflect times when people lived closer to the elements and had to find food on their own, explains a 2009 study in the Journal of Physiology (587: 5527-5539).
A 2008 study published in the European Journal of Applied Physiology (103(3):353-60) found that sitting on an exercise ball while doing administrative work burned four calories more an hour than using an office chair.
One of the biggest studies published was that of one produced by a team of NASA scientists and published in the 49th issue of Journal of Applied Physiology in 1980.
The Pilates method became popular among dancers in New York City, and they really kept the method alive until exercise physiology caught up to understand that Pilates' exercises were useful.
It helps you stay motivated and get fit in a manner that is optimal for your own unique physiology.
The best indoor cycling classes are led by trained instructors with a background in health and fitness, personal training or exercise physiology.
An article published in the July, 2005 edition of the Journal of Applied Physiology cites research conducted about interval training.
A 1980 NASA-Ames Research Center study was published in the Journal of Applied Physiology.
The physiology and biology of women will prevent this from occurring.
The physiology of exercise will help you adapt to exercise more efficiently and hence, burn more calories.This schedule will also help you avoid some of the pitfalls of exercising intensely, such as shin splints.
Fortunately, you can use your body's physiology to make the necessary changes to live a wholesome and healthful lifestyle.
Aristotle, Haller, Harvey, Kielmeyer, Autenrieth, and many others have either made this observation incidentally, or, especially the latter, have drawn particular attention to it, and drawn therefrom results of permanent importance for physiology."
The structure and functions of the body form the subject of Anatomy (q.v.) and Physiology.
Haller occupied in the new university of Gottingen (founded 1737) a position corresponding to that of Boerhaave at Leiden, and in like manner influenced a very large circle of pupils, The appreciation of his work in physiology belongs to the history of that science; we are only concerned here with its influence on medicine.
But it is on the combination of the two methods - that of Sydenham and of Morgagni - that modern medicine rests; and it is through these that it has been able to make steady progress in its own field, independently of the advance of physiology or other sciences.
The second volume (1733) on Haemostaticks, containing experiments on the "force of the blood" in various animals, its rate of flow, the capacity of the different vessels, &c., entitles him to be regarded as one of the originators of experimental physiology.
His knowledge of anatomy, physiology and pathology was necessarily defective, the respect in which the dead body was held by the Greeks precluding him from practising dissection; thus we find him writing of the tissues without distinguishing between the various textures of the body, confusing arteries, veins and nerves, and speaking vaguely of the muscles as " flesh."
At one with Johannes Muller in the conviction psychologus nemo nisi physiologus, he was the first in Great Britain during the 19th century to apply physiology in a thoroughgoing fashion to the elucidation of mental states.
See also Plants: Physiology; Nutrition, &C.
At St Bartholomew's, St George's, the London Hospital, St Thomas's and others, probationers must enter for four years, and at St Bartholomew's they have to pass an entrance examination in elementary anatomy, physiology and other subjects.
Marat declares that physiology alone can solve the problems of the connexion between soul and body, and proposes the existence of a nervous fluid as the true solution.
One of the early supporters of this natural method was Augustin Pyramus de Candolle (1778-1841), who in 1813 published his Theorie elementaire de la botanique, in which he showed that the affinities of plants are to be sought by the comparative study of the form and development of organs (morphology), not of their functions (physiology).
The study of the anatomy and physiology of plants did not keep pace with the advance in classification.
One of the earliest workers at plant physiology was Stephen Hales.
Dutrochet towards the middle of the century, and Liebig's application of chemistry to agriculture and physiology put beyond question the parts played by the atmosphere and the soil in the nutrition of plants.
von Mohl and others contributed to the advance of this phase of plant physiology.
By the work of Julius Sachs and his pupils plant physiology was established on a scientific basis, and became an important part of the study of plants, for the development of which reference may be made to the article Plants: Physiology.
Physiology, the study of the life-functions of the entire plant and its organs (see Plants: Physiology).
He also studied the chemistry of combustion and of respiration, and made experiments in physiology, where, however, he was hampered by the "tenderness of his nature" which kept him from anatomical dissections, especially of living animals, though he knew them to be "most instructing."
Besides those already mentioned, his works include An Outline of the First Principles of Horticulture (1832), An Outline of the Structure and Physiology of Plants (1832), A Natural System of Botany (1836), The Fossil Flora of Great Britain (with William Hutton, 1831-1837), Flora Medica (1838), Theory of Horticulture (1840), The Vegetable Kingdom (1846), Folia Orchidacea (1852), Descriptive Botany (1858).
He made important researches in photochemistry, made portrait photography possible by his improvements (1839) on Daguerre's process, and published a Text-book on Chemistry (1846), Text-book on Natural Philosophy (1847), Textbook on Physiology (1866), and Scientific Memoirs (1878) on radiant energy.
His son, Henry Draper (1837-1882), graduated at the University of New York in 1858, became professor of natural science there in 1860, and was professor of physiology (in the medical school) and dean of the faculty in 1866-1873.
The list of Wundt's works is long and comprehensive, including physiology, psychology, logic and ethics.
His earlier works deal chiefly with physiology, though often in close connexion with psychology, as in the Vorlesungen fiber die Menschenand Tierseele (1863; 4th ed., 1906; trans.
The clauses of the will governing the distribution of these prizes are as follows: " The entire sum shall be divided into five equal parts, one to go to the man who shall have made the most important discovery or invention in the domain of physical science; another to the man who shall have made the most important discovery or introduced the greatest improvement in chemistry; the third to the author of the most important discovery in the domain of physiology or medicine; the fourth to the man who shall have produced the most remarkable work of an idealistic nature; and, finally, the fifth to the man who shall have done the most or best work for the fraternity of nations, the suppression or reduction of standing armies, and the formation and propagation of peace congresses.
Thus far physiognomy is a branch of physiology.
For physiognomy of disease, besides the usual medical handbooks, see Cabuchet, Essai sur l'expression de la face dans les maladies (Paris, 1801); Mantegazza, Physiology of Pain (1893), and Polli, Saggio di fisiognomonia e potognomonia (1837).
Saunders, "Experimental Studies in the Physiology of Heredity," Reports to the Evolution Committee of the Royal Society, Report I..
- vi., geography and ethnography; vii., anthropology and human physiology; viii.
Part I.-Principles Or Science Of Horticulture Horticulture, apart from the mechanical details connected with the maintenance of a garden and its appurtenances, may be considered as the application of the principles of plant physiology to the cultivation of plants from all parts of the globe, and from various altitudes, soils and situations.
Weiss, Physiology of Plants; W.
The physiology of the fungi comes under the head of that of plants generally, and the works of Pfeffer, Sachs, Vines, Darwin and Klebs may be consulted for details.
It is quite a mistake to suppose that, apart from the chlorophyll function, the physiology of the fungus-cell is fundamentally different from that of ordinary plant-cells.
In 1872 he became professor of vocal physiology in Boston University.
'MUSCLE AND NERVE (Physiology).
The physiology of this group of "states" is, as regards the real understanding of their production, eminently vague (see also Hypnotism).
Physiology of.) In the literature of vegetable physiology there has thus accumulated a great body of facts relating not only to the phenomena of reproduction, but also to the nutrition of algae.
With reference to their chemical physiology, the gelatinization of the cell-wall, which is so marked a feature, is doubtless attributable to the occurrence along with cellulose of pectic compounds.
He did not suggest that every variation and every character must have a "selection value," although he pointed out that, because of our ignorance of animal physiology, it was extremely rash to set down any characters as valueless to their owners.
The laboratory examination may be used in subjects like physics, chemistry, geology, zoology, botany, anatomy, physiology, to test powers of manipulation and knowledge of experimental methods.
Besides philosophical studies, where he now added Aristotle to Plato, he read Homer and the Greek tragedians, made extracts from books, attended lectures on physiology, and dabbled in other sciences.
Lastly, under the head of " organic," come geology, botany and animal physiology - presenting the concrete results of these processes in the three kingdoms of nature.
In this account of the development of an independent, active and intelligent being from the stage where man like the Dryad is a portion of the natural life around him, Hegel has combined what may be termed a physiology and pathology of the mind - a subject far wider than that of ordinary psychologies, and one of vast intrinsic importance.
But the most interesting and most matured part of his views dealt with the first origin of plants and animals, and with the physiology of man.
Frequent journeys to the Mediterranean, the Adriatic, and the North Sea gave him abundant materials for research on invertebrate anatomy and physiology, which he communicated first to the Munich academy of sciences, and republished in his Beitrdge zur vergleichenden Physiologie des Blutes (Leipzig, 1832-1833), with additions in 1838).
In 1835 he communicated to the Munich academy of sciences his researches on the physiology of generation and development, including the famous discovery of the germinal vesicle of the human ovum.
As in zoology, his original researches in physiology were followed by a students' text-book, Lehrbuch der speciellen Physiologie (Leipzig, 1838), which soon reached a third edition, and was translated into French and English.
Thoth was a voluminous author, and the collection of forty-two books which bore his name was a kind of primitive cyclopaedia of theology, astronomy, geography and physiology.
He lived in Berlin from 1842 to 1849, when he became professor of physiology in Konigsberg.
There he remained from 1849 to 1855, when he removed to the chair of physiology in Bonn.
In 1858 he became professor of physiology in Heidelberg, and in 1871 he was called to occupy the chair of physics in Berlin.
His investigations occupied almost the whole field of science, including physiology, physiological optics, physiological acoustics, chemistry, mathematics, electricity and magnetism, meteorology and theoretical mechanics.
The year 1851, while he was lecturing on physiology at Konigsberg, saw the brilliant invention of the ophthalmoscope, an instrument which has been of inestimable value to medicine.
His great work on Physiological Optics (1856-1866) is by far the most important book that has appeared on the physiology and physics of vision.
Thus, except for some attention to physiology, the first two years at Berlin were wasted.
and by Harvey in physiology, was applied by Morgagni to alterations in the.
Kidd, "A Cursory Analysis of the Works of Galen, so far as they relate to Anatomy and Physiology," Trans.
His "Recherches sur l'accroissement et la reproduction des vegetaux," published in the Memoires du museum d'histoire naturelle for 1821, procured him in that year the French Academy's prize for experimental physiology.
On finishing his academic studies he contemplated adopting the medical profession, and prosecuted his studies in chemistry, anatomy and physiology with that.
There is nothing in Leonardo's writings to show that he knew either the anatomy or physiology of the wing in the modern sense.
3 " On the Physiology of Wings; being an analysis of the move ments by which flight is produced in the Insect, Bat and Bird," Trans.
Thus anatomy and physiology display the structure and functions of the human body, while psychology investigates the operations of the human mind.
The differences are everywhere striking: the resemblances are less obvious in the fulness of their extent, and they are never contemplated without wonder by those who, in the study of anatomy and physiology, are first made aware how near is man in his physical constitution to the brutes.
Richter, Zur Darwinischen Lehre (1865); Herbert Spencer, Principles of Biology; Max Verworm, General Physiology (English trans.
The laws of light and shade, the laws of "perspective," including optics and the physiology of the eye, the laws of human and animal anatomy and muscular movement, those of the growth and structure of plants and of the powers and properties of water, all these and much more furnished food almost from the beginning to his insatiable spirit of inquiry.
absorbere) means literally "sucking up" or "swallowing," and thus a total incorporation in something, literally or figuratively; it is technically used in animal physiology for the function of certain vessels which suck up fluids; and in light and optics absorption spectrum and absorption band are terms used in the discussion of the transformation of rays in various media.
At the same time, by the advice of the younger Bernoullis, who had removed to St Petersburg in 1725, he applied himself to the study of physiology, to which he made a happy application of his mathematical knowledge; and he also attended the medical lectures at Basel.
His main discoveries, however, were in the field of physiology: he wrote valuable and suggestive papers on respiration, on the senses of bats, &c., while he made experiments (1768) to disprove the occurrence of spontaneous generation, showing in opposition to J.
This work, apart from its value to artists and psychologists, is of interest historically, as there is no doubt the investigations of the author into the nervous supply of the muscles of expression induced him to prosecute inquiries which led to his great discoveries in the physiology of the nervous system.
These discoveries as a whole must be regarded as the greatest in physiology since that of the circulation of the blood by William Harvey.
He was also professor of anatomy, physiology and surgery to the College of Surgeons of London, and for many years teacher of anatomy in the school which used to exist in Great Windmill Street.
In physiology may be instanced W.
For the physiology of fasting, see Dietetics; Nutrition; also Corpulence.
The tendency to retain the original name of an old and comprehensive group for one of the fragments into which such group becomes divided by the advance of knowledge - instead of keeping the name for its logical use as a comprehensive term, including the new divisions, each duly provided with a new name - is most curiously illustrated in the history of the word physiology.
With the revival of learning, however, first one and then another special study became recognized - anatomy, botany, zoology, mineralogy, until at last the great comprehensive term physiology was bereft of all its once-included subject-matter, excepting the study of vital processes pursued by the more learned members of the medical profession.
There are, nevertheless, serious difficulties involved in the supposition that the changes in the brain with which physiology and the biological sciences deal can be satisfactorily explained by the mechanical and mathematical conceptions common to all these sciences, or, indeed, that any of these organic changes is susceptible in the last resort of explanation derived from purely material premises.
physiology, anatomy, biology), in so far as the habits and character of men depend upon the material processes which these sciences examine.
He proclaimed himself, before everything else, a physiologist, and looked to physiology to provide the ultimate standard for everything that has value; and though his own ethical code necessarily involves the disappearance of sympathy, love, toleration and all existing altruistic emotions, he yet in a sense finds room for them in such altruistic self-sacrifice as prepares the way for the higher man of the future.
Consequently the facts of moral development imply with the emergence of human consciousness the appearance of something qualitatively different from the facts with which physiology for instance deals, imply a stratum as it were in development which no examination of animal tissues, no calculation of consequences with regard to the preservation of the species can ever satisfactorily explain.
He went first to University College, London; at Heidelberg he worked at German; at Berlin he studied psychology, metaphysics and also physiology under du Bois-Reymond, and heard lectures on Hegel, Kant and the history of philosophy, ancient and modern.
In 1819 he entered Bonn University, where he became privatdocent in 1824, extraordinary professor of physiology in 1826, and ordinary professor in 1830.
In 1883 he removed to the university of Berlin, where he filled the chair of anatomy and physiology with great distinction until his death on the 28th of April 1858.
Muller made numerous researches in various departments of physiology, and in particular he extended knowledge as to the mechanism of voice, speech and hearing, and as to the chemical and physical properties of lymph, chyle and blood.
The appearance of his Handbuch der Physiologie des Menschen between 1833 and 1840 (translated into English by Dr William Baly, and published in London in 1842) marked the beginning of a new period in the study of physiology.
Cowan, British Bee-keepers' Guide-Book, The Honey Bee, its Natural History, Anatomy and Physiology; Langstroth on the Hone y Bee, revised by C. Dadant & Son; A.
Pharmacology proper began as the result of the application of strictly experimental methods to physiology.
Since Magendie's time numerous papers dealing with pharmacological subjects have appeared in the Journal of Anatomy and Physiology, the Journal of Physiology, Virchow's Archiv, and the principal medical periodicals of all countries.
The close alliance between pharmacology, therapeutics and clinical medicine has induced many authors to treat the subject from a clinical point of view, while its relationships to chemistry and physiology have been utilized to elaborate a chemical and physiological classification respectively as the basis for systematic description.
To what extent do mental health problems and stress physiology correlate with significant life adversity?
Topics covered include agronomy, physiology, genetics, crop protection, postharvest storage, product processing, and marketing.
Content The course comprises 10 modules covering the anatomy and physiology of the major systems of the human body.
There are articles, images, and illustrations on primate anatomy and physiology collected from a variety of Web sites.
They will be talking about the link between brain anatomy, physiology & intelligence, blending physics, chemistry and biology.
cannula put in the brain do not cause observable changes in animal behavior or physiology.
This paper will concentrate on basic physiology of the principle endocrine glands, the pituitary, thyroid, and adrenal glands.
Physiology lab with computer controlled exercise treadmill, exercise ergometers, microscopes and blood and gas sampling and analysis equipment.
foragehat extent is the foraging behavior of aquatic birds constrained by their physiology?
humoral physiology a good fever was seen to eliminate impurities from the body and clarify all the humors.
From 1997 to 1999 he held a lectureship in Physiology at University College Dublin.
Research interests: My research interests cover two main areas: the environmental physiology of crops and agricultural meteorology.
Speakers Dr. Richard Adams (Physiology, Development and Neuroscience) Toward a quantitative description of developmental morphogenesis.
His special areas of interest include renal physiology, vasculitis, dialysis and critical care nephrology.
It includes a summary account of basic neuroanatomy and physiology, as well as clinical information.
The Harvard physiologist L. J. Henderson developed a nomogram to represent the physiology of blood.
oviduct physiology, pregnancy, gamete biology and immunology.
physiology of organisms, Geology and Elementary Maths for Biologists.
physiology of wound healing, tissue viability and wound dressing and drainage.
physiology of the human gastrointestinal tract.
The Department of Sports Science has two established laboratories for measurement in applied physiology.
Patil is also involved in researching the postharvest physiology of fruits.
He was appointed to a Personal Chair in Microbial physiology in 1991.
Very little is known about reproductive physiology in the majority of marsupials.
We concentrate on human and mammalian physiology, tho we draw on examples from other animals to illustrate physiological principles.
respiratory physiology: A Clinical Approach offers a fresh new take on learning physiology in a systems-based curriculum.
He subsequently undertook a research degree in the Laboratory physiology, studying the cellular physiology of cartilage.
physiology textbook written by a Phd?
physiology lab in the sports center because I'm studying sport science.
physiology laboratory to be taught a little about the human body.
exercise physiology is an aspect of the support service offered to SINI athletes.
The first half of the class would be used for students to practice his simple, natural technique to develop their total brain physiology.
Not only does mainstream research on high altitude physiology support this premise, but we have experienced it ourselves.
Proteins and movement - muscle physiology, the microstructure of muscular contraction, the role of actin and myosin.
The life sciences group deal with biological protection and plant physiology.
Nevertheless, current research funding emphasizes the role of ultraviolet vision in birds with research ranging from receptor cell physiology to behavioral experiments.
reproductive physiology in the majority of marsupials.
Osmoregulation, physiology and behavior of migratory sea trout.
So how has the physiology of the marine teleost changed?
tetanic contractions " from your work in physiology - where muscle never rests ).
Rating: - laughable omission How can this really be an Anatomy and physiology textbook written by a Phd?
The social rank of individual fish within a hierarchy can have a profound influence on its physiology and susceptibility to aquatic toxicants.
Fat as fuel | physiology Fat As Fuel: What value are medium-chain triglycerides as an energy source for endurance athletes?
In this paper we hypothesized that invasive trophoblast released vasodilators which would dilate spiral arteries as an initial step in the physiology of transformation.
The cow's physiology is stressed, and when bacteria do enter the udder, mastitis is likely.
Fichte (the younger) did not escape this misinterpretation of Lotze's true meaning, though they had his Metaphysik and Logik to refer to, though he promised in his Allgemeine Physiologie (1851) to enter in a subsequent work upon the "bounding province between aesthetics and physiology," and though in his Medizinische Psychologie he had distinctly stated that his position was neither the idealism of Hegel nor the realism of Herbart, nor materialism, but that it was the conviction that the essence of everything is the part it plays in the realization of some idea which is in itself valuable, that the sense of an all-pervading mechanism is to be sought in this that it denotes the ways and means by which the highest idea, which we may call the idea of the good, has voluntarily chosen to realize itself.
In many passages of his works on pathology, physiology, and psychology Lotze had distinctly stated that the method of research which he advocated there did not give an explanation of the phenomena of life and mind, but only the means of observing and connecting them together; that the meaning of all phenomena, and the reason of their peculiar connexions, was a philosophical problem which required to be attacked from a different point of view; and that the significance especially which lay in the phenomena of life and mind would only unfold itself if by an exhaustive survey of the entire life of man, individually, socially, and historically, we gain the necessary data for deciding what meaning attaches to the existence of this microcosm, or small world of human life, in the macrocosm of the universe.
He had already demonstrated in his prefaces the possibility of a psychology apart from physiology, of the science of the phenomena of consciousness distinct from the perceptions of sense.
Closely allied to the study of symmetry is the study of the direct effect of the circumambient media on embryonic young and adult stages of living beings (see Embryology: Physiology; Heredity; and Variation And Selection), and a still larger number of observers have added to our knowledge of these.
(Alter Kuy, from Greens Vegetable Physiology, by permission.)
The so-called vegetable physiology of a generation ago was in ~rrear of animal, and particularly of human, physiology, the study of the latter being followed by many more observers, and from its relative degree of advancement being the more capable of rapid development.
All the peculiarities of structure which we encounter consequently support the view with which we started, that the protoplasm of the plant is the dominant factor in vegetable structure, and that there need be but one subject of physiology, which must embrace the behaviour of protoplasm wherever found.
Causes of Disease, &c. Pfeffer, Physiology of Plants (Oxford, 1900); Sorauer, Treatise on the Physiology of Plants (1895); Bailey, The Principles of Agriculture (1898); Lafar, Technical Mycology (1898); Hartig, Diseases of Trees (I 894); Marshall Ward, Proc. Roy.
Special Cell-Modifications for the Reception of Stimuli.In studying the physiology of movement in plants certain modifications of cell-structure have been observed which appear to have been developed for the reception of the stimuli by which the response to light, gravity and contact are brought about.
3 Sir Richard Owen's celebrated article " A y es," in Todd's Cyclopaedia of Anatomy and Physiology (i.
Hardy, Journal of Physiology, 1899, vol.
In anatomy and physiology the Arabians distinctly went back; in surgery they showed no advance upon the Greeks; in practical medicine nothing new can be traced, except the description of certain diseases (e.g.
Minuter accuracy of observation was inculcated by the labours and teaching of the great anatomists of the 17th century; and, for modern times, experimental physiology was instituted by Harvey, anatomy having done little to interpret life in its dynamic aspects.
The study of comparative pathology, yet in an inchoate stage, and of embryology, illuminated and enlarged biological conceptions, both normal and abnormal; and the ens reale subsistens in corpore disappeared for ever - at any rate from physiology and medicine.
Hygiene became for pathology what "milieu" is for physiology.
In 1871 the Anatomical Act of 1832 was amended; and in 1876 the Vivisection Act was passed, a measure which investigators engaged in the medical sciences of physiology and pathology resented as likely to prevent in England the advance of knowledge of living function, both in its normal balance and in its aberrancies, and moreover to slacken that habit of incessant reference of propositions to verification which is as necessary to the clinical observer as to the experimentalist.
deal in a similar way with domesticated and wild animals, including the dog, serpents, bees and insects; they also include a general treatise on animal physiology spread over books xxi.
discuss the psychology, physiology and anatomy of man, the five senses and their organs, sleep, dreams, ecstasy, memory, reason, &c. The remaining four books seem more or less supplementary; the last (xxxii.) is a summary of geography and history down to the year 1250, when the book seems to have been given to the world, perhaps along with the Speculum Historiale and possibly an earlier form of the Speculum Doctrinale.
KaT&, down, 1 30Xi, a throw), the biological term for the reverse of anabolism, namely the breaking down of complex into simpler substances, destructive metabolism (see Physiology).
In light there are a series of papers on the eye, on the physiology of vision, on binocular vision, including the invention of one of the popular scientific instruments, the stereoscope, and on colour.
For the scientific aspects of the processes involved in life and its cessation see Biology, Physiology, Pathology, and allied articles; and for the consideration of the prolongation of life see Longevity.
A few examples are appended: Some of the Uredineae also exhibit the peculiarity of the development of biologic forms within a single morphological species, sometimes termed specialization of parasitism; this will be dealt with later under the section Physiology.
Schafer (Textbook of Physiology, vol.
Aesthetics (q.v.) may be treated as a department of psychology or physiology, and in England this is the mode of treatment that has been most general.
Professional tradition and an astute perception on their part of the omniscience suggested by the terms, have left the medical men in Englishspeaking lands in undisturbed but illogical possession of the words physiology, physic and physician.
In the herbals and older treatises on materia medica and therapeutics no explanation is usually offered of the action of medicines, and in such works as that of Cullen (1789) only a few of the more obvious actions are occasionally explained according to the current theories of physiology and pathology.
Taking HGH can repair the physiology of the old cell, and cause it to rejuvenate thus reversing aging.
Death is due to respiratory muscle spasm (remember " tetanic contractions " from your work in physiology - where muscle never rests).
The cow 's physiology is stressed, and when bacteria do enter the udder, mastitis is likely.
Physiology 1 The Circulatory System The circulatory system can be divided into two parts; the arterial system, and the venal system.
The act of purring involves the unique anatomy of cats and is driven by instinct and physiology.
A cat's physical structure and physiology differ from a dog's, which is why you cannot use ost dog products on cats.
These leaders in the field understand the unique biology and physiology of cats based on experience and scientific research.
Your cat's physiology factors into your choice of the best dry cat food.
The changes have been influenced by a clearer understanding of pet physiology and the best nutrition to support it.
This is highly beneficial in keeping with the cat's physiology as well as for managing health issues such as diabetes or food allergies.
You can begin with the biology and physiology of the cat to determine which foods are best.
The physiology of a cat favors a diet high in protein and low in carbohydrates.
The Egyptians, Greeks, and the early physician Galen all advocated a medical system that focused on particular aspects of human physiology.
Understanding how it affects your life as well as your physiology.
Due to this carefree use of alcohol, some people don't realize that when you consume alcohol it alters your physiology as well as mental health.
Dwayne went on to complete his Bachelor's degree as a double major in criminology and physiology.
It is preferred that individuals have a firm science background that includes biology, anatomy and physiology, microbiology and courses in human growth and development.
Each breed has distinct nutritional needs based on their physiology.
You can also expect to learn the anatomy and physiology of yoga, as well as general teaching methods and philosophy.
The word usage examples above have been gathered from various sources to reflect current and historial usage. They do not represent the opinions of YourDictionary.com.