Phosphate sentence example

phosphate
  • On Christmas Island the phosphate has been quarried to depths of 100 ft.
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  • In Lingula the shell is composed of alternate layers of chitin and of phosphate of lime.
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  • The phosphate beds contain Eocene fossils derived from the underlying strata and many fragments of Pleistocene vertebrata such as mastodon, elephant, stag, horse, pig, &c. The phosphate occurs as lumps varying greatly in size, scattered through a sand or clay; they often contain phosphatized Eocene fossils (Mollusca, &c.).
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  • Mitscherlich, in the case of the acid phosphate and acid arsenate of potassium, KH 2 P(As)04, who adopted the term isomorphism, and regarded phosphorus and arsenic as isomorphously related elements.
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  • The acid renders it available as a manure by converting the calcium phosphate, Ca 3 P 2 O 8, that it contains into the soluble monocalcium salt, CaH 4 P 2 O 8, or "superphosphate."
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  • Cattle, phosphate of lime and salt, manufactured from a lake in the interior, are the principal exports, the market for these being the neighbouring island of St Thomas.
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  • On these rounded hills occurs the deposit of phosphate of lime which gives the island its commercial value.
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  • Among the rocks then obtained and submitted to Sir John Murray for examination there were detected specimens of nearly pure phosphate of lime, a discovery which eventually led, in June 1888, to the annexation of the island to the British crown.
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  • From that time the history of Bona is one of industrial development, greatly stimulated since 1883 by the discovery of the phosphate beds at Tebessa.
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  • The source of the carbon of organic tissues is carbonic acid; that of the nitrogen in the proteids is the nitrates, nitrites and salts of ammonia dissolved in sea-water; the material of the shells or other skeletons is the silica, phosphate and calcium of the salts of sea-water (and, in rare cases, the salts of strontium).
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  • It has been estimated that 500,000 tons of phosphate were obtained in Aruba, 1,000,000 tons from Curacoa since the deposits were discovered in 1870, and Christmas Island in 1907 yielded 290,000 tons.
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  • The " Challenger " and other oceanographic expeditions have shown that on the bottom of the deep sea concretions of phosphate are now gathering around the dead bodies of fishes lying in the oozes; consequently the formation of the concretions may have been carried on simultaneously with the deposition of the strata in which they occur.
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  • In South Carolina, where there are important deposits of phosphate, formerly more productive than at present, the " land rock " is worked near Charleston, and the " river rock " in the Coosaw River and other streams near Beaufort.
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  • Cobalt ammonium phosphate, CoNH4PO 4.12H 2 0, is formed when a soluble cobalt salt is digested for some time with excess of a warm solution of ammonium phosphate.
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  • It may be in the form of an albumen crystal sometimes associated with a more or less spherical bodygloboid-composed of a combination of an organic substance with a double phosphate of magnesium and calcium.
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  • The state contains deposits of iron, gypsum, marl, phosphate, lignite, ochre, glass-sand, tripoli, fuller's earth, limestones and sandstones; and there are small gas flows in the Yazoo Delta.
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  • This salt gives the corresponding chloride and fluoride with hydrochloric and hydrofluoric acids, and the phosphate, Pb(HP04)2, with phosphoric acid.
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  • The normal ortho-phosphate, Pb3(P04)2, is a white precipitate obtained by adding sodium phosphate to lead acetate; the acid phosphate, PbHPO 4, is produced by precipitating a boiling solution of lead nitrate with phosphoric acid; the pyrophosphate and meta-phosphate are similar white precipitates.
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  • Uranyl nitrate is used in photography, and also in analytical chemistry as a precipitant for phosphoric acid (as uranyl ammonium phosphate, U02 NH4 P04).
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  • Sfax was formerly the starting-point of a caravan route to Central Africa, but its inland trade now extends only to the phosphate region beyond Gafsa, reached by a railway which, after skirting the coast southwards from Sfax to Mahares, runs inland past Gafsa.
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  • Orthophosphoric acid, H3P04, a tribasic acid, is obtained by boiling a solution of the pentoxide in water; by oxidizing, red phosphorus with nitric acid, or yellow phosphorus under the surface of water by bromine or iodine; and also by decomposing a mineral phosphate with sulphuric acid.
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  • This mineral, known as Estremadura phosphate, occurs at Logrossan and Caceres, where it forms an important deposit in clay-slate.
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  • It may contain from 55 to 62% of calcium phosphate, with about 7% of magnesium phosphate.
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  • The first mode of occurrence is of little significance practically, for the crystalline rocks generally contain too little phosphate to be valuable, though occasionally an igneous rock may contain enough apatite to form an inferior fertilizing agent, e.g.
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  • Phosphate mining began in South Carolina in 1868, and for twenty years that state was the principal producer.
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  • Immense phosphate beds were discovered near Tebessa in 1891.
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  • By - adding sodium phosphate to magnesium sulphate and allowing the mixture to stand, hexagonal needles of MgHPO 4.7H 2 O are deposited.
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  • Nine miles from Tebessa are the extensive phosphate quarries of Jebel Dyr, where is also an interesting megalithic village.
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  • Tampa is an important shipping point for naval stores and phosphate rock, for vegetables, citrus fruit and pineapples, raised in the vicinity, and for lumber, cattle and fuller's earth.
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  • The principal minerals are rock phosphate and (recently more important) land and river pebble phosphate, found in scattered deposits in a belt on the " west coast " about 30 m.
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  • The centre of the quarries is Dunnellon in Marion county, and pebble phosphate is found in Hillsboro, Polk, De Soto, Osceola, Citrus and Hernando counties.
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  • Although the economic value of the phosphate deposits was first realized about 1889, between 1894 and 1907 Florida produced, each year, more than half of all the phosphate rock produced in the whole United States, the yield of Florida (1,357,365 long tons) in 1907 being valued at $ 6, 577,757; that of the whole country at $10,653,558.
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  • In the manufacture of fertilizers, the raw material for which is derived from the phosphate beds, Florida's aggregate product in 1900 was valued at $500,239, and in 1905 at $1,590,371, an increase of 217.9% in five years.
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  • The leased convicts are employed in the turpentine and lumber industries and in the phosphate works.
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  • Phosphorus is obtained as a soluble phosphate (which can be examined in the usual way) by lixiviating the product obtained when the substance is ignited with potassium nitrate and carbonate.
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  • In the case of sodium dihydrogen phosphate, NaH 2 PO 4 H 2 O, a stable rhombic form is obtained from warm solutions, while a different, unstable, rhombic form is obtained from cold solutions.
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  • The phosphatic deposit has doubtless been produced by the long-continued action of a thick bed of sea-fowl dung, which converted the carbonate of the underlying limestone into phosphate.
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  • Semi-opacity and opacity are usually produced by the addition to the glass-mixtures of materials which will remain in suspension in the glass, such as oxide of tin, oxide of arsenic, phosphate of lime, cryolite or a mixture of felspar and fluorspar.
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  • Some of the chalk marls, which are usually of a yellowish or dirty grey colour, contain clay and 50 to 80% of carbonate of lime with a certain proportion of phosphate of lime.
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  • Such a material would not only have an influence on the texture of the land but the lime would reduce the sourness of the land and the phosphate of lime supply one of the most valuable of plant foodconstituents.
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  • In 1906 was opened a continuation of the line from Pont du Fahs to Kef and thence southwest to Kalaat-es-Senam, a place midway between Kef and Tebessa, the centre of the Algerian phosphate region.
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  • A branch from the Kef line runs to the phosphate mines of Kalaa-Jerda.
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  • All soluble orthophosphates give with silver nitrate a characteristic yellow precipitate of silver phosphate, Ag 3 PO 4, soluble in ammonia and in nitric acid.
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  • In many deposits of iron ores found in connexion with igneous or metamorphic rocks small quantities of phosphate occur.
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  • The Swedish, Norwegian, Ontario and Michigan mines yield ores of this kind; and though none of them can be profitably worked as a source of phosphate, yet on reducing the ore it may be retained in the slags, and thus rendered available for agriculture.
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  • Sometimes the phosphate is found at the surface, but generally it is covered by alluvial sands and clays.
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  • In 1908 Florida produced 1,673,651 tons of phosphate valued at 11 million dollars.
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  • All the other states together produce less phosphate than Florida, and among them Tennessee takes the first place with an output of 403,180 tons.
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  • Near Jebel Kouif, on the frontier between Algeria and Tunis, there are phosphate workings, as also in Tunis, at Gafsa.
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  • Two varieties of phosphate rock are recognized in these districts, viz.
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  • In the Lahn district of Nassau (Germany) there are phosphate beds in Devonian rocks.
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  • In northern Estremadura in Spain and Alemtezo in Portugal there are vein deposits of phosphate of lime.
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  • As much as 200,000 tons of phosphate have been raised in these provinces, but in 1906 the total production of Spain was only 1300 tons.
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  • Large deposits of phosphate occur in Russia, and those in the neighbourhood of Kertch have attracted some attention; it is said that the Cretaceous rocks between the rivers Dniester and Volga contain very large supplies of phosphate, though probably of low grade.
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  • The Cretaceous system includes the Waipara series, a belt of chalky limestones with some phosphate beds at Clarendon in eastern Otago.
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  • If, however, its presence is recognized sodium phosphate may be substituted.
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  • The mineral brushite, CaHPO 4.2H 2 0, which is isomorphous with the acid arsenate pharmacolite, CaHAs04.2H20, is an acid phosphate, and assumes monoclinic forms. The normal salt may be obtained artificially, as a white gelatinous precipitate which shrinks greatly on drying, by mixing solutions of sodium hydrogen phosphate, ammonia, and calcium chloride.
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  • It is obtained as rhombic plates by mixing dilute solutions of calcium chloride and sodium phosphate, and passing carbon dioxide into the liquid.
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  • The normal phosphate, (NH4)3P04,is obtained as a crystalline powder, on mixing concentrated solutions of ammonia and phosphoric acid, or on the addition of excess of ammonia to the acid phosphate (NH 4) 2 HPO 4.
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  • It is soluble in water, and the aqueous solution on boiling loses ammonia and the acid phosphate NH 4 H 2 PO 4 is formed.
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  • Diammonium hydrogen phosphate, (NH 4) 2 HPO 4, is formed by evaporating a solution of phosphoric acid with excess of ammonia.
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  • From sodium phosphate are made sodii phosphas effervescens and sodii hypophosphis (see Phosphorus).
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  • Sodium phosphate and sulphate are cholagogue purgatives and are used in the treatment of gallstones.
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  • It is a very impure form of carbon., containing on the average about 80% of calcium phosphate.
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  • Phosphate beds are also worked near Setif, Guelma and Ain Beida.
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  • There is a small dock, and phosphate of lime is extensively dug in the neighbourhood and exported for use as manure.
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  • Valuable phosphate deposits occur in certain districts.
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  • In Florida the system contains Y calcium phosphate of commercial value.
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  • Glass and other sands and gravel ($13,270,032), lime ($11,091,186), phosphate rock ($10,653,558), salt ($7,553,632), natural mineral waters ($7,287,269), sulphur ($6,668,215, almost wholly from Louisiana), slate ($6,316,8 I7), gypsum ($4,138,560), clay ($2,599,986), asphalt ($1,888,881), talc and soapstone ($1,401,222), borax ($975,000, all from California), and pyrite ($857,113) were the next most important products in 1908.
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  • In the yield of gypsum, phosphate rock and salt the United States leads the world.
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  • A phosphide, PCr, is known; it burns in oxygen forming the phosphate.
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  • The shell consists of an organic basis the substance of which is called conchiolin, impregnated with carbonate of lime, with a small proportion, I-2%, of phosphate of lime.
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  • The normal phosphate, Mg3P205, is found in some guanos, and as the mineral wagnerite.
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  • It may be prepared by adding normal sodium phosphate to a magnesium salt and boiling the precipitate with a solution of magnesium sulphate.
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  • Magnesium ammonium phosphate, MgNH 4 PO 4.6H 2 O, is found as the mineral struvite and in some guanos; it occurs also in urinary calculi and is formed in the putrefaction of urine.
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  • It is prepared by adding sodium phosphate to magnesium sulphate in the presence of ammonia and ammonium chloride.
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  • The magnesium salts may be detected by the white precipitate formed by adding sodium phosphate (in the presence of ammonia and ammonium chloride) to their solutions.
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  • The same reaction is made use of in the quantitative determination of magnesium, the white precipitate of magnesium ammonium phosphate being converted by ignition into magnesium pyrophosphate and weighed as such.
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  • Soapstone is quarried in Montgomery and Northampton counties, phosphate rock, in Juniata county; rocks from which mineral paints are made, in several counties, and there is some garnet in Delaware county.
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  • Large quantities of phosphate rock were formerly shipped from here.
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  • Crystallized alumina is also obtained by heating the fluoride with boron trioxide; by fusing aluminium phosphate with sodium sulphate; by heating alumina to a dull redness in hydrochloric acid gas under pressure; and by heating alumina with lead oxide to a bright red heat.
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  • Aluminium phosphates may be prepared by precipitating a soluble aluminium salt with sodium phosphate.
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  • It is largely supplied in all the most fertilizing of organic manures, but when required in the inorganic state must be obtained from some of the salts of ammonia, as the sulphate, the muriate or the phosphate, all of which, being extremely energetic, require to be used with great caution.
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  • In a natural state it is obtained from bones, guano and wood ashes; and in an artificial condition from basic slag or Thomas's phosphate, coprolites and superphosphate of lime.
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  • Impurities.-The properties of iron and steel, like those of most of the metals, are profoundly influenced by the presence of small and sometimes extremely small quantities of certain impurities, of which the most important are phosphorus and sulphur, the former derived chiefly from apatite (phosphate of lime) and other minerals which accompany the iron ore itself, the latter from the pyrite found not only in most iron ores but in nearly all coal and coke.
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  • The slag, in order that it may have such an excess of base that this will retain the phosphoric acid as fast as it is formed by the oxidation of the phosphorus of the pig iron, and prevent it from being re-deoxidized and re-absorbed by the iron, should, according to von Ehrenwerth's rule which is generally followed, contain enough lime to form approximately a tetra-calcic silicate, 4CaO,S10 2 with the silica which results from the oxidation of the silicon of the pig iron and tri-calcic phosphate, 3CaO,P205, with the phosphoric acid which forms. The danger of this " rephosphorization " is greatest at the end of the blow, when the recarburizing additions are made.
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  • Floating on top of the molten metal, it rapidly oxidizes its phosphorus, and the resultant phosphoric acid combines with the lime in the overlying slag as phosphate of lime.
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  • The city is the see of a Protestant Episcopal bishop. The principal industrial interests are trade in leaf tobacco and cotton raised in the vicinity, and the manufacture of cotton goods, phosphate fertilizers, foundry and machine-shop products, wooden-ware, &c. The Seaboard Air Line and the Raleigh & Southport railways have repair shops here.
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  • Among other minerals are sulphur, lime, gypsum and phosphate.
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  • This "new earth" turned out to be nothing more nor less than a basis yttrium phosphate.
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  • Na2HPW12040 nH 2 O and Na3PW12040 nH20, are obtained by heating sodium hydrogen phosphate with a tungstate.
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  • In the production of pyrite, which is found in Louisa county and is used for the manufacture of sulphuric acid employed in the treatment of wood pulp for paper-making and in the manufacture of superphosphates from phosphate rock, Virginia took first rank in 1902 with an output valued at $501,642, or 64.7% of the total yield of this mineral in the United States; and this rank was maintained in 1908, when the product was 116,340 long tons, valued at $435,522.
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  • The phosphide obtained by heating cupric phosphate, Cu 2 H 2 P 2 O 81 in hydrogen, when mixed with potassium and cuprous sulphides or levigated coke, constitutes " Abel's fuse," which is used as a primer.
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  • Of these we may notice libethenite, Cu 2 (OH)PO 4; chalcosiderite, a basic copper iron phosphate; torbernite, a copper uranyl phosphate; andrewsite, a hydrated copper iron phosphate; and henwoodite, a hydrated copper aluminium phosphate.
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  • Copper arsenate is similar to cupric phosphate, and the resemblance is to be observed in the naturally occurring copper arsenates, which are generally isomorphous with the corresponding phosphates.
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  • Lithium phosphate, Li 3 PO 4, obtained by the addition of sodium phosphate to a soluble lithium salt in the presence of sodium hydroxide, is almost insoluble in water.
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  • It may be distinguished from sodium and potassium by the sparing solubility of its carbonate and phosphate.
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  • Guaiacol carbonate is known as duotal, the phosphate as phosphatol, the phosphite as guaiaco-phosphal; phosphotal is a mixture of the phosphites of creosote phenols.
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  • Several of the islands contain valuable deposits of guano and phosphate of lime, and their waters are frequented by edible and shell turtle.
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  • It occurs in the urine, blood, tissues, and bones of animals, calcium phosphate forming about 58% of bones, which owe their rigidity to its presence.
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  • This method was generally adopted until 1775, when Scheele prepared it from bones, which had been shown by Gahn in 1769 to contain calcium phosphate.
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  • Calcium phosphate, mixed with sand and carbon, is fed into an electric furnace, provided with a closely fitting cover with an outlet leading to a condenser.
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  • At the temperature of the furnace the silica (sand) attacks the calcium phosphate, forming silicate, and setting free phosphorus pentoxide, which is attacked by the carbon, forming phosphorus and carbon monoxide.
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  • On boiling with caustic potash they evolve hydrogen, yielding a phosphate.
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  • Water gives hydrochloric and phosphoric acids; dilute alcohol gives monoethyl phosphoric acid, C 2 H 5 H 2 PO 4, whilst absolute alcohol gives triethyl phosphate, (C 2 H 5) 3 PO 4.
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  • The phosphorus used in the British pharma copoeia is obtained from calcium phosphate, and is a waxlike non-metallic substance soluble in oils and luminous in the dark.
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  • Ferrous phosphate, Fe3(P04)2.8H20, occurs in nature as the mineral vivianite.
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  • It may be obtained artificially as a white precipitate, which rapidly turns blue or green on exposure, by mixing solutions of ferrous sulphate and sodium phosphate.
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  • Normal ferric phosphate, FePO4.2H2O, occurs as the mineral strengite, and is obtained as a yellowish-white precipitate by mixing solutions of ferric chloride and sodium phosphate.
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  • An acid arsenate, 2Fe2(HAsO4)3.9H20, is obtained as a white precipitate by mixing solutions of ferric chloride and ordinary sodium phosphate.
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  • Phosphate deposits of considerable value are worked, but the principal occupation of the inhabitants is catching turtles for export to Jamaica.
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  • The most valuable single mineral is phosphate rock, which is found in a belt 70 m.
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  • Minerals which were not mined commercially in 1902 include asbestos, which occurs in Spartanburg and Pickens counties; fullers'-earth; graphite in Spartanburg and Greenville counties; iron ores in the north and north-west portions of the state; iron pyrites in Spartanburg and York counties; talc, bismuth, ochre, pyrites, ' galena, brown coal, malachite, phosphate of lead and barytes.
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  • The revenues of the state are derived mainly from the general property tax, fees, licences, dispensary profits and phosphate royalties.
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  • The greater part of this was funded under an act of October 1892, and provision was made for a sinking fund, derived mainly from the royalty on phosphate beds.
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  • Frankincense burns with a bright white flame, leaving an ash consisting mainly of calcium carbonate, the remainder being calcium phosphate, and the sulphate,.
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  • The minerals of most commercial importance are coal, iron ores, copper ores, marble and phosphate rock.
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  • In1892-1893large deposits of phosphate rock of high quality were discovered in the central-southern part of the state about 60 m.
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  • In some people not being able to make the urine acid called renal tubular acidosis makes calcium phosphate stones more likely.
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  • The second most common type, accounting for 6-20% of renal stones, is formed from struvite (magnesium ammonium phosphate ).
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  • Diffusion rates vary between nutrients (nitrate ammonium phosphate ).
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  • With naturally occurring phosphate and the added cationic charge, this starch is naturally amphoteric.
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  • That the phosphate backbone was on the outside, bases on the inside.
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  • Toward the end of dialysis, I tended to just go to these restaurants armed with a handful of phosphate binders.
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  • Knowing the structure of amorphous calcium phosphate will improve our knowledge of bone growth.
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  • It is markedly deficient in potassium and to some extent in phosphate and organic matter.
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  • I had been working on an enzyme which was called glyceraldehyde phosphate dehydrogenase.
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  • Progress A diagnosis of partial large bowel obstruction was made and the patient treated with stimulant laxatives and phosphate enemas.
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  • The starter effect of phosphate fertilizer applied to potted vegetable plants.
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  • Human Mixtard 30 Pen also contains glycerol, sodium phosphate, protamine sulfate as retarding agent and m-cresol and phenol as added preservative.
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  • Other ingredients are disodium hydrogen phosphate; phosphoric acid and/or sodium hydroxide may have been added for pH adjustment.
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  • The hard coating which forms inside the rim is phosphate fertilizer which has become insoluble.
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  • Figure 1. Triose phosphate isomerase, illustrating the use of the EyeChem viewer in conjunction with hyperlinks inserted into text based references.
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  • The solution contains an industrial waste product derived from pollution scrubber liquor from factory chimneys in the phosphate fertilizer industry.
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  • The finished TA-NIC vaccine consists of the protein conjugate adsorbed onto aluminum hydroxide gel adjuvant in a sodium phosphate buffer containing mannitol.
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  • How do phosphate ions in nutrient solutions affect mitosis in root tips?
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  • The phosphate moiety at the catalytic site is slightly disordered.
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  • Thus modern phosphate does not percolate to prehistoric levels.
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  • Investigate the nature of the inhibition using the enzyme phosphatase and the inhibitors phosphate and iodine.
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  • Renagel® binds phosphate from food in the digestive tract.
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  • The unit will help treat the wastewater produced by 19,000 people every day to an even higher standard by removing the nutrient phosphate.
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  • The cartridges also contain mannitol, glycine and dibasic sodium phosphate.
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  • Teachers may wish to get technicians rather than students to add the monobasic sodium phosphate (NaH 2 PO 4) to the buffer.
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  • The values of dissolved inorganic phosphate in January are comparable to those of the Atlantic input signal.
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  • Add fertilizer 10 days before sowing, 2oz super phosphate, 1oz potash per square yard.
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  • This involves hydrolysis of the terminal phosphate of the ATP.
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  • The SSC also considered the safety of dicalcium phosphate derived from the bones of ruminants.
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  • In the first few seconds of exercise the majority of ATP is produced form creatine phosphate.
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  • Disodium phosphate is added to powdered milk to prevent gelation.
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  • The first -strand was shifted by one residue which consequently positioned some of the residues in the putative inositol phosphate binding site incorrectly.
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  • This leaves the cycle, and two of these triose phosphate molecules combine to form one glucose molecule using the glycolysis enzymes in reverse.
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  • Phosphate requirement The target index for soil phosphorus is Index 2 (16-25 mg/litre ).
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  • This process includes a phosphate primer, an electrophoretic coating and an epoxy powder top coat.
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  • Manufacturers literature will indicate any special requirements, but in general a zinc phosphate primer is used.
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  • Much of this expanse is due to electric charge repulsion between the negatively charged phosphate groups in the DNA backbone.
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  • The process is based on a manganese phosphate solution which produces a fairly thick coating.
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  • Thus, prepared oystershells, coral, pearls, crabs' " eyes " and burnt hart's horn were regarded as specifics in different complaints, in ignorance of the fact that they all contain, as the chief ingredients, calcium phosphate and carbonate.
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  • Prout, who on analysis found they consisted essentially of calcium phosphate and carbonate, and not infrequently contained fragments of unaltered bone.
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  • The name "coprolites" was accordingly given to them by Buckland, who subsequently expressed his belief that they might be found useful in agriculture on account of the calcium phosphate they contained.
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  • Phosphate rock is heavily exported, and in the opinion of the National Conservation Commission of 1908 the supply cannot long satisfy the increasing demand for export, which constitutes a waste of a precious natural resource.
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  • In modern practice degreased bones (see Gelatin), or bone-ash which has lost its virtue as a filtering medium, &c., or a mineral phosphate is treated with sufficient sulphuric acid to precipitate all the calcium, the calcium sulphate filtered off, and the filtrate concentrated, mixed with charcoal, coke or sawdust and dried in a muffle furnace.
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  • By the early twentieth century, most manufacturing of fertilizer had switched to the synthetic production of ammonium sulfate and ammonium phosphate.
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  • It tells you a bit about the catalytic activity of the enzyme and its cofactor Pyridoxal Phosphate.
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  • A sealer coat is normally required and steel again should be blast cleaned and primed with a zinc phosphate primer in most cases.
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  • Make out a table showing the mass of sodium phosphate required for 100 cm 3 of each solution.
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  • The resulting protein was very pure and could be stably stored at +4 C for months in 10 mM sodium phosphate pH 6.5.
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  • What happens when the pH of the sodium phosphate solution is changed?
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  • Calibrate the spectrophotometer (colourimeter) using a cuvette filled with phosphate buffer containing BSA only.
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  • Phosphate Rock adds phosphorus, calcium, and sulfur to the soil.
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  • The next gentlest is codeine phosphate, given four times a day, at 1-2 mgm for every kilogram of body weight.
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  • Saline cathartics include dibasic sodium phosphate (Phospo-Soda), magnesium citrate, magnesium hydroxide (milk of magnesia), magnesium sulfate (Epsom salts), sodium biphosphate, and others.
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  • Adequate intake of electrolytes such as sodium, chloride, potassium, phosphate, and bicarbonate helps to prevent dehydration that often accompanies a fever.
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  • Electrolytes are salts (sodium, potassium, chloride, calcium, magnesium, phosphate, sulfate, and bicarbonate) that become ions when mixed with fluids in the body and blood and have the ability to conduct electricity.
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  • As far as human nutrition is concerned, the inorganic nutrients include water, sodium, potassium, chloride, calcium, phosphate, sulfate, magnesium, iron, fluorine, copper, zinc, chromium, manganese, iodine, selenium, and molybdenum.
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  • Calcium toxicity is rare, but overconsumption of calcium supplements may lead to deposits of calcium phosphate in the soft tissues of the body.
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  • Phosphate toxicity can result from the overuse of laxatives or enemas that contain phosphate.
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  • Severe phosphate toxicity can result in hypocalcemia and in various symptoms resulting from low plasma calcium levels.
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  • Moderate phosphate toxicity occurring over a period of months may result in the deposit of calcium phosphate crystals in various tissues of the body.
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  • The prognosis for mineral toxicity due to sodium, potassium, calcium, and phosphate is usually excellent.
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  • Toxicity due to the deposit of calcium phosphate crystals is not usually reversible.
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  • Fanconi's syndrome-A group of disorders involving kidney tubule malfunction and glucose, phosphate, and bicarbonate in the urine.
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  • A phosphate binder may be recommended to keep phosphorus in the bowel (so it does not interfere with calcium absorption) where it is excreted during a bowel movement.
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  • The minerals that are relevant to human nutrition are water, sodium, potassium, chloride, calcium, phosphate, sulfate, magnesium, iron, copper, zinc, manganese, iodine, selenium, and molybdenum.
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  • Chloroquine phosphate or similar anti-malarial drugs such as mefloquine may interfere with the response to HDCV.
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  • Rabies virus adsorbed (RVA)-A rabies vaccine in which the virus is grown in cultures of lung cells from rhesus monkeys, inactivated, and adsorbed to aluminum phosphate.
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  • Deficiency is rare because phosphate is plentiful in plant and animal foods and is efficiently absorbed from the diet.
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  • Calcium and phosphorus are stored in the bones as crystals of calcium phosphate.
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  • Milk, eggs, and green, leafy vegetables are rich in calcium and phosphate.
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  • Diagnosing low levels or imbalances of the electrolytes sodium, potassium, calcium, magnesium, or phosphate involves measuring the serum levels of each.
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  • Treating fluid imbalances and related deficiencies in sodium, potassium, calcium, and phosphate usually requires intravenous (IV) infusion of the deficient mineral in fluid over a period of time.
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  • They include amantadine (Symmetrel, Symadine) and rimantadine (Flumandine), which work against Type A influenza, and zanamavir (Relenza) and oseltamavir phosphate (Tamiflu), which work against both Types A and B influenza.
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  • Zanamavir and oseltamavir phosphate can cause dizziness, jitters, and insomnia.
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  • In a metabolic shift to a catabolic (breaking down) process, cells throughout the body empty their electrolytes (sodium, potassium, and phosphate) into the bloodstream.
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  • It may take several days, however, to restore normal cellular levels of potassium, sodium, and phosphate.
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  • When the mineral calcium phosphate is deposited onto the cartilage, a hard structure is created.
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  • By the 1950s and 1960s increasing numbers of communities were fluoridating their water using by-products from the phosphate fertilizer industry.
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  • It is essential in regulating calcium and phosphate levels in the body.
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  • One of the most significant functions that vitamin D performs is that it helps regulate the amount of both calcium and phosphate in the body.
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  • Calcium and phosphate are required to keep teeth strong and bones healthy.
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  • Calcium Phosphate - Less common than either calcium carbonate or citrate, calcium phosphate is less expensive than calcium citrate and may not cause the stomach upset some people experience when taking calcium carbonate.
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  • To each gallon of homemade cleaner, add one tablespoon of Trisodium Phosphate (TSP), which can be found at paint stores or home improvement stores.
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  • Tricalcium phosphate is a food additive that is colorless and tasteless.
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  • Sensa is tiny flakes of maltodextrin, tricalcium phosphate, carmine, soy and milk.
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  • Another filler incorporating calcium hydroxlapatite, a synthetic calcium phosphate product, can be used to effectively treat facial lines.
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  • The phosphate thus produced forms an efficacious turnip manure, and is quite equal in value to that produced from any other source.
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  • Another railway (completed by 1900) runs from Sfax, along the coast to Mahres, thence inland to Gafsa and the phosphate mines of Metalwi.
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  • The principal articles of export are cereals, with some oilcake, phosphate and coal; but the total value is only about £2,000,000 annually.
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  • The most active operations are carried on in Florida, where the phosphate was first worked in 1887 in the form of pebbles in the gravels of Peace River.
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  • They should consume adequate amounts of electrolytes such as sodium, chloride, potassium, phosphate and bicarbonate during hot weather.
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