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pharynx

pharynx

pharynx Sentence Examples

  • The mouth opens into a muscular pharynx lined by a thick cuticle.

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  • There is no armed protrusible pharynx, such as exists in some other Chaetopods.

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  • The mouth is minute and the pharynx is always suctorial, never gizzard-like.

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  • A buccal cavity, a pharynx, an oesophagus and an intestine are always distinguishable.

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  • A buccal cavity, a pharynx, an oesophagus and an intestine are always distinguishable.

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  • Huxley, " Pharynx of Scorpion," Quart.

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  • When they are arranged in uniserial or biserial rows the genital ducts open into or near the branchial grooves in the region of the pharynx and in a corresponding position in the post-branchial region.

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  • At the anterior end the head is differentiated; it bears the sense-organs, and contains the muscular pharynx within which is the radular apparatus.

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  • the gill-slits may be stated briefly as follows: - (a) the presence of two kinds of branchial bars in all species and also of small cross bars (synapticula) in many species; (s) numerous gill slits, from forty to more 1 - _ than a hundred pairs; (y) the addition of new gill-slits by fresh perforation at the posterior end of the pharynx throughout life.

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  • the gill-slits may be stated briefly as follows: - (a) the presence of two kinds of branchial bars in all species and also of small cross bars (synapticula) in many species; (s) numerous gill slits, from forty to more 1 - _ than a hundred pairs; (y) the addition of new gill-slits by fresh perforation at the posterior end of the pharynx throughout life.

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  • Muscular fibres connected with the suctorial pharynx are in Limulus inserted into the entosternite, and the activity of the two organs may be correlated.

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  • Macmillan & Co., Ltd.) b, bristle; cs, caudal spine; ph, pharynx; s s', the spines on the two segments of the proboscis; sg, salivary glands; st, stomach.

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  • Behind this point there is a muscular pharynx or gizzard, which communicates with the wide intestinal tract.

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  • The pharynx projects freely into the atrium; it is surrounded at the sides and below by the continuous atrial cavity, but dorsally it is held in position in two ways.

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  • pharynx, and he sums up their relationship to the Annelids by thestatement that to a certain extent the Nemertines represent Turbellaria which in the course of time have copied certain features of an Annelid character.

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  • The digestive system consists of a simple or bifurcated sac, opening through the mouth by means of a "pharynx bulbosus," adapted to act primarily as a sucker, and secondarily, when drawing blood, as an aspirator.

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  • The pharynx or stomodaeum is still small, the foot not yet prominent.

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  • In the latter case, the numerous bands of muscle attaching the pharynx to the parietes have obliterated the regular partition by means of septa.

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  • There is also felt a sense of constriction in the pharynx, due to the action of the drug on its muscular fibres.

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  • The mouth begins as a funnel, continued into a narrow pharynx, which in Flosculariaceae is prolonged intoa slender tube hanging From C. T.

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  • The branched intestine (G) is drawn on one side of the animal only; it opens to the exterior by means of a pharynx (not shown).

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    3
  • The study of Rhabdocoels (7) has led to the important discovery that the rudiment of the gonads and that of the pharynx are the first organs to appear, and that the alimentary sac arises independently of them.

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  • Along this channel the nectar is drawn into the pharynx and passes, mixed with saliva, into the crop or "honey-bag"; the action of the saliva changes the saccharose into dextrose and levulose, and the nectar becomes honey, which the bee regurgitates for storage in the cells or for the feeding of the grubs.

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  • together with currents of water induced by the action of the vibratile cilia which are abundant along special tracts on the sides and roof of the vestibule of the mouth and in the walls of the perforated pharynx ("ciliary ingestion").

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  • Along this channel the nectar is drawn into the pharynx and passes, mixed with saliva, into the crop or "honey-bag"; the action of the saliva changes the saccharose into dextrose and levulose, and the nectar becomes honey, which the bee regurgitates for storage in the cells or for the feeding of the grubs.

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  • Pharynx and oesophagus are concealed in the head.

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  • The mouth opens through a narrow pharynx (p) into a chamber which is (as in Crustacea) at once crop and gizzard, the mastax (ma), whose thickenings are imbedded in the posteroventral wall.

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  • 26, where the pharynx is widely open and the foot prominent.

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  • A, Fasciola hepatica, from the ventral surface (X 2); the alimentary and nervous systems only shown on the left side of the figure, the excretory only on the right; a, right main branch of the intestine; c, a diverticulum; g, lateral ganglion; n, lateral nerve; o, mouth; p, pharynx; s, ventral sucker; cs, cirrus sac; d, left anterior dorsal excretory vessel; m, main vessel; v, left anterior ventral trunk; x, excretory pore.

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  • A, Fasciola hepatica, from the ventral surface (X 2); the alimentary and nervous systems only shown on the left side of the figure, the excretory only on the right; a, right main branch of the intestine; c, a diverticulum; g, lateral ganglion; n, lateral nerve; o, mouth; p, pharynx; s, ventral sucker; cs, cirrus sac; d, left anterior dorsal excretory vessel; m, main vessel; v, left anterior ventral trunk; x, excretory pore.

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  • The velum is also provided with a circlet of twelve tantacles (in some species sixteen) which hang backwards into the pharynx; these are the velar tentacles.

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  • New clefts continue to form at the posterior end of the pharynx during the adult life of the animal.

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  • 19, F) which tie the axial pharynx to the adjacent wall of the apical part of the introvert.

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  • Supposing the tube to be completely introverted and to commence its eversion, we then find that eversion may take place, either by a forward movement of the side of the tube near its attached base, as in the proboscis of the Nemertine worms, the pharynx of Chaetopods and the eye-tentacle of Gastropods, or by a forward movement of the inverted apex of the tube, as in the proboscis of the Rhabdocoel Planarians, and in that of Gastropods here under consideration.

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  • Pharynx suctorial; branchiae surrounding the body, between the mantle and foot.

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  • The head of the insect contains a muscular pharynx by means of which the blood from the wound inflicted by the proboscis (labium) is pumped into the alimentary canal and the so-called sucking-stomach.

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  • Two pairs of glands open into the buccal cavity, and at the junction of pharynx and oesophagus is another pair called the sugar glands.

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  • The mouth is terminal or subterminal; there is a weak sucking pharynx situated behind the brain, and a long intestine lying along the medio-ventral body-cavity; it ends in a cloaca which receives the vasa deferentia in the male.

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  • Pharynx and oesophagus are concealed in the head.

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  • The head of the insect contains a muscular pharynx by means of which the blood from the wound inflicted by the proboscis (labium) is pumped into the alimentary canal and the so-called sucking-stomach.

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  • it has a pharynx and short straight digestive sac: and its mesenchymatous cavities are filled with germ-balls in various stages of development.

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  • (Lankester.) ph, Pharynx (stomodaeal inattachment to the ecto vagination).

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  • H, The acrembolic (= pleurecbolic) pharynx of a Chaetopod fully introverted.

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  • Gastrulation takes place by epiboly, and the stomodaeum (oral invagination - mastax pharynx) takes place in two stages of the region of the closed blastopore.

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  • Gastrulation takes place by epiboly, and the stomodaeum (oral invagination - mastax pharynx) takes place in two stages of the region of the closed blastopore.

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  • - " Errant" Polychaetes with well-marked prostomium possessing tentacles and palps with evident and locomotor parapodia, supported (with few exceptions) by strong spines, the aciculi; muscular pharynx usually armed with jaws; septa and nephridia regularly metameric and similar throughout body; free living and predaceous.

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  • Parapod.ia hardly projecting; palps of prosomium forming branched gills; no pharynx or eversible buccal region; no septa in thorax, septa in abdomen regularly disposed.

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  • This may be associated with mud-eating habits; but it is not wholly certain that this is the case; for in Chaetogaster and Agriodrilus, which are predaceous worms, there is no protrusible pharynx, though in the latter the oesophagus is thickened through its extent with muscular fibres.

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  • So has the acrembolic pharynx of Chaetopods, if we consider the organ as terminating at that point where the jaws are placed and the oesophagus commences.

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  • of any kind; a short evaginable pharynx, bearing paired conical buccal appendages or " cephalocones."

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  • - The alimentary canal in Scorpio, as in Limulus, is provided with a powerful suctorial pharynx, in the working of which extrinsic muscles take a part.

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  • A, Dorsal view showing the nervous system and digestive system; a, mouth; b, pharynx; c, d, e, gut; E, post-genital union of two limbs of gut; f, excretory pore; g, vaginal pore; h, j, k, brain and nerves; 1, dorsal nerves; m, ventral nerves; n, adoral sucker; o, posterior sucker; p, hooks on posterior sucker; r, vitello-intestinal duct.

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  • The nervous system consists of a ganglion or brain, which lies dorsally about the level of the junction of the pharynx and the stomach, a nerve ring and a segmented neutral cord.

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  • On the floor of the pharynx or buccal mass is a rudimentary radula, which in many species consists of a single large tooth, bearing two small teeth or a row of teeth.

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  • The first part of the alimentary canal consists of the pharynx or branchial sac, the side walls of which are perforated by upwards of sixty pairs of elongated slits, the gill-clefts.

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  • - The alimentary canal in Scorpio, as in Limulus, is provided with a powerful suctorial pharynx, in the working of which extrinsic muscles take a part.

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  • A, Dorsal view showing the nervous system and digestive system; a, mouth; b, pharynx; c, d, e, gut; E, post-genital union of two limbs of gut; f, excretory pore; g, vaginal pore; h, j, k, brain and nerves; 1, dorsal nerves; m, ventral nerves; n, adoral sucker; o, posterior sucker; p, hooks on posterior sucker; r, vitello-intestinal duct.

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  • The nervous system consists of a ganglion or brain, which lies dorsally about the level of the junction of the pharynx and the stomach, a nerve ring and a segmented neutral cord.

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  • Pharynx evaginable, with suckers.

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  • - There is a large ganglion lying in close contact with the pharynx, proximal to the crop and on its antero-dorsal side; in Bdelloidaceae at least it is united by short connectives with a smaller postero-ventral ganglion to form a nerve collar.

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  • The ciliated band of the left side of the velar area is indicated by a line extending from v to v; the foot f is seen between the pharynx ph and the pedicle of invagination pi.

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  • Pharynx suctorial; no radula; branchial rosette on the dorsal surface, above the mantle-border.

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  • This bilobed sac becomes entirely the liver in the adult; the intestine and stomach are formed from the pedicle of invagination, whilst the pharynx, oesophagus and crop form from the stomodaeal invagination ph.

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  • This bilobed sac becomes entirely the liver in the adult; the intestine and stomach are formed from the pedicle of invagination, whilst the pharynx, oesophagus and crop form from the stomodaeal invagination ph.

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  • ph., Pharynx.

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  • Alimentary canal rarely coiled, occasionally with glands which are simple caeca and sometimes serve as air reservoirs; jaws often present and an eversible pharynx.

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  • ph, Pharynx.

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  • The body is ringed, and often has circles of spines, which are continued into the slightly protrusible pharynx.

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  • (After Kingsley.) to it from the bases of the surrounding limbs and from the dorsal carapace and from the pharynx.

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  • Suc, Suctorial pharynx.

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  • Ph, Pharynx.

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  • ps, Muscular suctorial en largement of the pharynx.

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  • The excretory system opens to the exterior by a pair of dorsal pores at the level of the pharynx.

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  • p, Lips of redia; q, collar; r, processes serving as rudimentary feet; s, embryos; 1, trabecula crossing body-cavity of redia; u, glandular cells; v, birth-opening; w, w', morulae; y, oral sucker; y', ventral sucker; z, pharynx.

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  • First, its dorsal wall (which is grooved to form the hyperpharyngeal groove) is closely adherent to the sheath of the notochord; and secondly, the pharynx is attached through the intermediation of the primary bars.

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  • These are suspended to the muscular bodywall by a double membrane, called the ligamentum denticulatum, which forms at once the roof of the atrial chamber and the floor of a persistent portion of the original body-cavity or coelom (the dorsal coelomic canal on each side of the pharynx).

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  • The perforated pharynx terminates some distance in front of the atriopore.

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  • In the same region of the body, namely, close behind the pharynx, a large diverticulum is given off from the ventral side of the gut.

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  • 4, 1), which is quite median at its first origin, but, as it grows in length, comes to lie against the right wall of the pharynx.

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  • Thus carbolic acid or carbolized ammonia are sniffed into the nose to destroy the microbes there, or the nose is washed out by an antiseptic solution as a nasal douche; bismuth or morphine are insufflated, or zinc ointment is applied, to cover the mucous membrane, and protect it from further irritation; and various antiseptic gargles, paints and powders applied to the pharynx in order to prevent the microbic inflammation from extending to the pharynx and down the trachea and bronchi, for many a severe bronchitis begins first by sneezing and nasal irritation.

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  • glabrum, remain stationary with the pharynx inserted in the mouth of the crinoid.

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  • The former leads to a protrusible pharynx (B), from which the oesophagus opens into a wide intestinal chamber with branching lateral diverticula.

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  • The roof of the mouth is formed by the palate, terminating behind by a muscular, contractile arch, having in man and a few other species a median projection called the uvula, beneath which the mouth communicates with the pharynx.

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  • The mouth is anterior and slightly ventral; it leads into a protrusible pharynx armed with recurved teeth that can be everted.

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  • This embraces the base of the epiglottis, and, except while swallowing food, shuts off all communication between the cavity of the mouth and the pharynx, respiration being, under ordinary circumstances, exclusively through the nostrils.

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  • Here may be mentioned the guttural pouches, large airsacs from the Eustachian tubes, and lying behind the upper part of the pharynx, the function of which is also not understood.

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  • The mouth i } leads into a muscular pharynx, F 2 which is connected by a short o e -- V /J ?'

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  • The muscular pharynx, extending back into the space between the first and second pairs of legs, is followed by a short tubular oesophagus.

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  • The esophagus and pharynx were then separated from the loose tissue of the retropharyngeal plane and the hyoid bone and neurovascular bundles removed.

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  • This manoevre seals the esophagus and prevents material from the stomach and esophagus reaching the pharynx.

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  • Then, how can Martels ' " own " characteristic voice be reproduced by its apparatus, when he has no pharynx?

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  • The buccal cavity can be isolated by the short soft palate which produces an extremely tight occlusion across the nasal pharynx.

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  • Its only resemblance to other chordates is its large pharynx perforated with gill slits and used for feeding.

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  • An anterior median diverticulum of the pharynx (fig.

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  • The metasome contains nearly the whole of the alimentary canal, in which pharynx (fig.

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  • ph., Pharynx.

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  • Alimentary canal rarely coiled, occasionally with glands which are simple caeca and sometimes serve as air reservoirs; jaws often present and an eversible pharynx.

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  • - " Errant" Polychaetes with well-marked prostomium possessing tentacles and palps with evident and locomotor parapodia, supported (with few exceptions) by strong spines, the aciculi; muscular pharynx usually armed with jaws; septa and nephridia regularly metameric and similar throughout body; free living and predaceous.

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  • Parapod.ia hardly projecting; palps of prosomium forming branched gills; no pharynx or eversible buccal region; no septa in thorax, septa in abdomen regularly disposed.

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  • In the latter case, the numerous bands of muscle attaching the pharynx to the parietes have obliterated the regular partition by means of septa.

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  • There is no armed protrusible pharynx, such as exists in some other Chaetopods.

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  • This may be associated with mud-eating habits; but it is not wholly certain that this is the case; for in Chaetogaster and Agriodrilus, which are predaceous worms, there is no protrusible pharynx, though in the latter the oesophagus is thickened through its extent with muscular fibres.

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  • The " introvert " in these Gastropods is not the pharynx The ctenidium is monopectinate and attached to the mantle along as in the Chaetopod worms, but a prae-oral structure, its apical limit being formed by the true lips and jaws, whilst the apical limit of the Chaetopod's introvert is formed by the jaws placed at the junction of pharynx and oesophagus, so that the Chaetopod's introvert is part of the stomodaeum or fore-gut, whilst that of the Gastropod is external to the alimentary canal altogether, being in front of the mouth, not behind it, as is the Chaetopod's.

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  • 19, F) which tie the axial pharynx to the adjacent wall of the apical part of the introvert.

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  • The introversible tube may be completely closed, as in the " proboscis " of Nemertine worms, or it may have a passage in it leading into a non-eversible oesophagus, as in the present case, and in the case of the eversible pharynx of the predatory Chaetopod worms. The diagrams here introduced (fig.

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  • Supposing the tube to be completely introverted and to commence its eversion, we then find that eversion may take place, either by a forward movement of the side of the tube near its attached base, as in the proboscis of the Nemertine worms, the pharynx of Chaetopods and the eye-tentacle of Gastropods, or by a forward movement of the inverted apex of the tube, as in the proboscis of the Rhabdocoel Planarians, and in that of Gastropods here under consideration.

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  • So has the acrembolic pharynx of Chaetopods, if we consider the organ as terminating at that point where the jaws are placed and the oesophagus commences.

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  • H, The acrembolic (= pleurecbolic) pharynx of a Chaetopod fully introverted.

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  • The primitive shell-sac or shell-gland is well marked at this stage, and the pharynx is seen as a new ingrowth (the stomodaeum), about to fuse with and open into the primitively invaginated arch-enteron (fig.

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  • ph, Pharynx.

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  • (From Gegenbaur, after Alder and Hancock.) ph, Pharynx.

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  • Pharynx evaginable, with suckers.

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  • of any kind; a short evaginable pharynx, bearing paired conical buccal appendages or " cephalocones."

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  • Pharynx suctorial; no radula; branchial rosette on the dorsal surface, above the mantle-border.

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  • Pharynx suctorial; branchiae surrounding the body, between the mantle and foot.

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  • (Lankester.) ph, Pharynx (stomodaeal inattachment to the ecto vagination).

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  • The ciliated band of the left side of the velar area is indicated by a line extending from v to v; the foot f is seen between the pharynx ph and the pedicle of invagination pi.

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  • pharynx, and he sums up their relationship to the Annelids by thestatement that to a certain extent the Nemertines represent Turbellaria which in the course of time have copied certain features of an Annelid character.

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  • The body is ringed, and often has circles of spines, which are continued into the slightly protrusible pharynx.

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  • When they are arranged in uniserial or biserial rows the genital ducts open into or near the branchial grooves in the region of the pharynx and in a corresponding position in the post-branchial region.

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  • (After Kingsley.) to it from the bases of the surrounding limbs and from the dorsal carapace and from the pharynx.

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  • Muscular fibres connected with the suctorial pharynx are in Limulus inserted into the entosternite, and the activity of the two organs may be correlated.

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  • Suc, Suctorial pharynx.

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  • ps, Muscular suctorial en largement of the pharynx.

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  • The mouth is minute and the pharynx is always suctorial, never gizzard-like.

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  • The muscles acting on the bulb-like pharynx now set up a pumping action (see Huxley, 26); and the juices - but no solid matter, excepting such as is reduced to powder - are sucked into the scorpion's alimentary canal.

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  • Huxley, " Pharynx of Scorpion," Quart.

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  • The digestive system consists of a simple or bifurcated sac, opening through the mouth by means of a "pharynx bulbosus," adapted to act primarily as a sucker, and secondarily, when drawing blood, as an aspirator.

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  • The excretory system opens to the exterior by a pair of dorsal pores at the level of the pharynx.

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  • They ingest the mucus and, to some extent, the blood of their host by the aid of a sucking pharynx through which the food passes into the bifurcated alimentary sac and its branched caeca.

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  • c, Nearly ripe cercariae; cc, cystogenous cells; dr, daughter-redia; dt, limbs of the digestive tract; f, head-papilla; h, eye-spots; h', same degenerating; k', germinal cell; 1, cells of the anterior row; m, embryo in optical section, gastrula stage; n, pharynx of redia; o, digestive sac; oe, oesophagus.

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  • p, Lips of redia; q, collar; r, processes serving as rudimentary feet; s, embryos; 1, trabecula crossing body-cavity of redia; u, glandular cells; v, birth-opening; w, w', morulae; y, oral sucker; y', ventral sucker; z, pharynx.

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  • it has a pharynx and short straight digestive sac: and its mesenchymatous cavities are filled with germ-balls in various stages of development.

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  • Macmillan & Co., Ltd.) b, bristle; cs, caudal spine; ph, pharynx; s s', the spines on the two segments of the proboscis; sg, salivary glands; st, stomach.

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  • Behind this point there is a muscular pharynx or gizzard, which communicates with the wide intestinal tract.

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  • The mouth opens through a narrow pharynx (p) into a chamber which is (as in Crustacea) at once crop and gizzard, the mastax (ma), whose thickenings are imbedded in the posteroventral wall.

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  • The simple nerve-ganglion or brain (g) lies on the anterodorsal side of the pharynx, and by its position determines the orientation of the animal, the cloacal opening lying on the same side, and the course of the gut being" neural."The sense organs are a pair of pigmented eyes (oc), and two pairs of antennae, one anterior proximal and near the wreath, the other distal and usually more or less lateral.

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  • The mouth begins as a funnel, continued into a narrow pharynx, which in Flosculariaceae is prolonged intoa slender tube hanging From C. T.

    0
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  • - There is a large ganglion lying in close contact with the pharynx, proximal to the crop and on its antero-dorsal side; in Bdelloidaceae at least it is united by short connectives with a smaller postero-ventral ganglion to form a nerve collar.

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  • The pharynx or stomodaeum is still small, the foot not yet prominent.

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  • 26, where the pharynx is widely open and the foot prominent.

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  • At the anterior end the head is differentiated; it bears the sense-organs, and contains the muscular pharynx within which is the radular apparatus.

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  • The branched intestine (G) is drawn on one side of the animal only; it opens to the exterior by means of a pharynx (not shown).

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  • The study of Rhabdocoels (7) has led to the important discovery that the rudiment of the gonads and that of the pharynx are the first organs to appear, and that the alimentary sac arises independently of them.

    0
    0
  • There is also felt a sense of constriction in the pharynx, due to the action of the drug on its muscular fibres.

    0
    0
  • Two pairs of glands open into the buccal cavity, and at the junction of pharynx and oesophagus is another pair called the sugar glands.

    0
    0
  • The mouth opens into a muscular pharynx lined by a thick cuticle.

    0
    0
  • On the floor of the pharynx or buccal mass is a rudimentary radula, which in many species consists of a single large tooth, bearing two small teeth or a row of teeth.

    0
    0
  • The mouth is terminal or subterminal; there is a weak sucking pharynx situated behind the brain, and a long intestine lying along the medio-ventral body-cavity; it ends in a cloaca which receives the vasa deferentia in the male.

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    0
  • together with currents of water induced by the action of the vibratile cilia which are abundant along special tracts on the sides and roof of the vestibule of the mouth and in the walls of the perforated pharynx ("ciliary ingestion").

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  • a, Cavity surrounding fin ray; a', fin ray; b, muscular tissue of myotome; c, nervecord; d, notochord; c, left aorta; f, thickened ridges of epithelium of praeoral chamber (Rader organ); g, coiled tube lying in a coelomic space on right side of praeoral hood, apparently an artery; h, cuticle of notochord; i, connective-tissue sheath of notochord; k, median ridge of skeletal canal of nerve-cord; 1, skeletal canal protecting nerve-cord; m, inter-segmental skeletal septum of myotome; n, subcutaneous skeletal connective tissue; o, ditto of metapleur (this should be relatively thicker than it is); q, subcutaneous connective tissue of ventral surface of atrial wall (not a canal, as supposed by Stieda and others); r, epiblastic epithelium; s, gonad-sac containing ova; t, pharyngeal bar in section, one of the "tongue" bars alternating with the main bars and devoid of pharyngo-pleural fold and coelom; v, atrio-coelomic funnel; w, socalled "dorsal" coelom; x, lymphatic space or canal of metapleur; y, sub-pharyngeal vascular trunk; z, blood-vessel (portal vein) on wall of hepatic caecum; aa, space of atrial or branchial chamber; bb, ventral groove of pharynx (anteriorly this takes the form of a ridge); cc, hyperbranchial groove of pharynx; dd, lumen or space of hepatic caecum; ee, narrow coelomic space surrounding hepatic caecum; $, lining cell-layer of hepatic caecum; gg, inner face of a pharyngeal bar clothed with hypoblast, the outer face covered with epiblast (represented black); hh, a main pharyngeal bar with projecting pharyngeal fold (on which the reference line rests) in section, showing coelomic space beneath the black epiblast; ii, transverse ventral muscle of epipleura; kk, raphe or plane of fusion of two down-grown epipleura; 11, space and nucleated cells on dorsal face of notochord; mm, similar space and cells on its ventral face.

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  • The velum is also provided with a circlet of twelve tantacles (in some species sixteen) which hang backwards into the pharynx; these are the velar tentacles.

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  • The first part of the alimentary canal consists of the pharynx or branchial sac, the side walls of which are perforated by upwards of sixty pairs of elongated slits, the gill-clefts.

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  • New clefts continue to form at the posterior end of the pharynx during the adult life of the animal.

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  • The gill-clefts open directly from the cavity of the pharynx into that of the atrium, and so give egress to the respiratory current which enters the mouth with the food (fig.

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  • The pharynx projects freely into the atrium; it is surrounded at the sides and below by the continuous atrial cavity, but dorsally it is held in position in two ways.

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  • First, its dorsal wall (which is grooved to form the hyperpharyngeal groove) is closely adherent to the sheath of the notochord; and secondly, the pharynx is attached through the intermediation of the primary bars.

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  • These are suspended to the muscular bodywall by a double membrane, called the ligamentum denticulatum, which forms at once the roof of the atrial chamber and the floor of a persistent portion of the original body-cavity or coelom (the dorsal coelomic canal on each side of the pharynx).

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  • The perforated pharynx terminates some distance in front of the atriopore.

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  • In the same region of the body, namely, close behind the pharynx, a large diverticulum is given off from the ventral side of the gut.

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  • 4, 1), which is quite median at its first origin, but, as it grows in length, comes to lie against the right wall of the pharynx.

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  • Thus carbolic acid or carbolized ammonia are sniffed into the nose to destroy the microbes there, or the nose is washed out by an antiseptic solution as a nasal douche; bismuth or morphine are insufflated, or zinc ointment is applied, to cover the mucous membrane, and protect it from further irritation; and various antiseptic gargles, paints and powders applied to the pharynx in order to prevent the microbic inflammation from extending to the pharynx and down the trachea and bronchi, for many a severe bronchitis begins first by sneezing and nasal irritation.

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  • glabrum, remain stationary with the pharynx inserted in the mouth of the crinoid.

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  • The former leads to a protrusible pharynx (B), from which the oesophagus opens into a wide intestinal chamber with branching lateral diverticula.

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  • The roof of the mouth is formed by the palate, terminating behind by a muscular, contractile arch, having in man and a few other species a median projection called the uvula, beneath which the mouth communicates with the pharynx.

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  • The mouth is anterior and slightly ventral; it leads into a protrusible pharynx armed with recurved teeth that can be everted.

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  • This embraces the base of the epiglottis, and, except while swallowing food, shuts off all communication between the cavity of the mouth and the pharynx, respiration being, under ordinary circumstances, exclusively through the nostrils.

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  • Here may be mentioned the guttural pouches, large airsacs from the Eustachian tubes, and lying behind the upper part of the pharynx, the function of which is also not understood.

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  • The mouth i } leads into a muscular pharynx, F 2 which is connected by a short o e -- V /J ?'

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  • The muscular pharynx, extending back into the space between the first and second pairs of legs, is followed by a short tubular oesophagus.

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  • In both sexes, smoking is linked to cancers of the lung, bladder, pancreas, kidney, larynx, pharynx, and esophagus.

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  • Together cigarettes and chewing tobacco are responsible for more cancers of the larynx, oral cavity and pharynx, esophagus, and bladder than any other agents.

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  • Mouth, nose, pharynx, and larynx: Oxygen is breathed in and enters the airways through these body parts.

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  • Sore throat is a painful inflammation of the mucous membranes lining the pharynx.

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  • Larynx-Also known as the voice box, the larynx is the part of the airway that lies between the pharynx and the trachea.

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  • Larynx-Also known as the voice box, the larynx is the part of the airway that lies between the pharynx and the trachea.

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  • The examiner will also assess the sensation capabilities of the pharynx, by stimulating the area with a wooden tongue depressor, causing a gag reflex.

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  • Larynx-Also known as the voice box, the larynx is the part of the airway that lies between the pharynx and the trachea.

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  • Nasopharynx-One of the three regions of the pharynx, the nasopharynx is the region behind the nasal cavity.

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  • Oropharynx-One of the three regions of the pharynx, the oropharynx is the region behind the mouth.

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  • Oropharynx-One of the three regions of the pharynx, the oropharynx is the region behind the mouth.

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  • Streptococcal sore throat, or strep throat, as it is more commonly called, is a bacterial infection of the mucous membranes lining the throat or pharynx.

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  • Adenoids-Common name for the pharyngeal tonsils, which are lymph masses in the wall of the air passageway (pharynx) just behind the nose.

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  • Nasopharynx-One of the three regions of the pharynx, the nasopharynx is the region behind the nasal cavity.

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  • Pharyngeal diphtheria gets its name from the pharynx, which is the part of the upper throat that connects the mouth and nasal passages with the voice box.

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  • They ingest the mucus and, to some extent, the blood of their host by the aid of a sucking pharynx through which the food passes into the bifurcated alimentary sac and its branched caeca.

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