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petals

petals Sentence Examples

  • The petals were like silk, their scent strong and sweet.

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  • Flower after fall of petals, magnified.

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  • The flowers are mostly heavy and drooping, petals brightly coloured, the edges being curiously notched and waved.

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  • The irregular flowers have five sepals united at the base, the dorsal one produced into a spurred development of the axis; of the five petals the two upper are slightly different and stand rather apart from the lower three; the eight stamens are unequal and the pistil consists of three carpels which form a fleshy fruit separating into three one-seeded portions.

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  • The sepals are generally organs for the protection of the flower-bud; the petals, for attracting insects by their conspicuous form and color; the foliage-leaves, for the assimilation of carbon dioxide and other associated functions.

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  • The irregular flowers have five sepals united at the base, the dorsal one produced into a spurred development of the axis; of the five petals the two upper are slightly different and stand rather apart from the lower three; the eight stamens are unequal and the pistil consists of three carpels which form a fleshy fruit separating into three one-seeded portions.

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  • The first consists of cutting up the various fabrics and materials employed into shapes suitable for forming the leaves, petals, &c.; this may be done by scissors, but more often stamps are employed which will cut through a dozen or more thicknesses at one blow.

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  • From the upper rim of the receptacle are given off the five sepals, the five petals, and the very numerous stamens.

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  • Many Thomisidae lurk amongst the stamens and petals of flowers, which they closely match in colour, waiting to seize the insects which visit the blossoms for nectar.

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  • The flowers, which are solitary, or rarely in pairs, at the end of slender axillary flower-stalks, are very irregular in form, with five sepals prolonged at the base, and five petals, the lowest one larger than the others and with a spur, in which collects the honey secreted by the spurs of the two adjoining stamens.

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  • Thus, in a phanerogam, the sepals, petals, stamens and foliage-leaves all come under the category leaf, though some are parts of the perianth, others are spore-bearing organs (sporophylls), and others carry on nutritive processes.

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  • The parts of the flower are most frequently arranged in fives, or multiples of fives; for instance, a common arrangement is as follows, - five sepals, succeeded by five petals, ten stamens in two sets of five, and five or fewer carpels; an arrangement in fours is less frequent, while the arrangement in threes, so common in monocotyledons, is rare in dicotyledons.

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  • in diameter, and bear in the axil a solitary, stalked, white flower, about the size and shape of the garden anemone, with six or more petals and twice as many hypogynous stamens.

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  • The flowers, which are borne in the leaf-axils at the ends of the stem, are very handsome, the six, generally narrow, petals are bent back and stand erect, and are a rich orange yellow or red in colour; the six stamens project more or less horizontally from the place of insertion of the petals.

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  • CAPRIFOLIACEAE, a natural order of plants belonging to the sympetalous or higher division of Dicotyledons, that namely which is characterized by having the petals of the flower united.

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  • Another explanation is based on the late appearance of the petals in the floral development and their origin from the backs of the primordia of the stamens; it is then assumed that three alternating whorls only are present, namely, sepals, stamens bearing petal-like dorsal outgrowths, and carpels.

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  • Pleurothallidinae, characterized by a thin stem bearing one leaf which separates at a distinct joint; the sepals are usually much larger than the petals and lip. Includes To genera, natives of tropical America, one of which, Pleurothallis, contains about 400 species.

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  • The veins of the leaves are next impressed by means of a die, and the petals are given their natural rounded forms by goffering irons of various shapes.

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  • Accepting this view of the phylogeny of the leaf, the perianthleaves (sepals and petals) and the foliage-leaves may be regarded as modified or metamorphosed sporophylls; that is, as leaves which are adapted to functions other than the bearing of spores.

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  • Under the head of malformations we place cases of atrophy of parts or general dwarfing, due to starvation, the attacks of Fungi or minute insects, the presence of unsuitable food-materials and so on, as well as cases of transformation of stamens into petals, carpels into leaves, and so forth.

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  • Of the Polypetalae, series i, Thalamiflorae, is characterized by hypogynous petals and stamens, and contains 34 orders distributed in 6 larger groups or cohorts.

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  • Series 3, Calyciflorae, has petals and stamens perigynous, or sometimes superior.

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  • Fruit cut across showing the petals and the stigmas have three chambers containing been removed, leaving the seeds.

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  • inner petals (a) and stamens.

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  • As an example of extreme asymmetry we may take de Vries's record of the frequency with which given numbers of petals occur in a certain race of buttercups.

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  • Here the mode is at 4.5 petals, the mean at 5.6 petals, the median lying of course between the two.

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  • The sepals are leafy and persistent; the corolla is generally divided into a longer or shorter tube and a limb which is spreading, as in primrose, or reflexed, as in Cyclamen; in Soldanella it is bell-shaped; in Lysimachia the tube is often very short, the petals appearing almost free; in Glaux the petals are absent.

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  • The sepals are leafy and persistent; the corolla is generally divided into a longer or shorter tube and a limb which is spreading, as in primrose, or reflexed, as in Cyclamen; in Soldanella it is bell-shaped; in Lysimachia the tube is often very short, the petals appearing almost free; in Glaux the petals are absent.

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  • Two of the petals placed under the hood of the calyx are supported on long stalks, and have a hollow spur at their apex, containing honey.

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  • The Snowdrop. Early spring-flowering amaryllidaceous bulbs, with pretty drooping flowers, snow-white, having the tips of the enclosed petals green.

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  • The corolla has from five to nine petals, cohering at the base.

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  • The anomalous position of the stamens in front of the petals is explained by the abortion or non-development of an outer row of stamens, indications of which are sometimes seen on the hypogynous disk encircling the ovary.

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  • At night it crawls about in search of food, which consists to a small extent of dead animal or vegetable matter, but principally, as gardeners are aware, of the petals and other parts of flowers of growing shoots and soft ripe fruit.

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  • p, Petals.

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  • B, male flowers; I before; 2, after spreading of the petals...

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  • There are five free sepals, overlapping in the bud, and, alternating with these, five free petals.

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  • (After Curtis, Flora Londinensis.) 1, Flower after removal of petals.

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  • Schizopetalon Walkeri: hardy, i ft., white, sweet-scented at night; curiously fringed petals.

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  • dens-canis, the Dog's Tooth Violet, is a pretty dwarf bulbous plant with spotted leaves, and rosy or white flowers produced in spring, and having reflexed petals.

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  • Continue the forcing of roses, hyacinths, &c. Houses containing large-flowered Japanese chrysanthemums will require to be kept dry, airy and moderately warm to prevent " damping-off " of petals.

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  • The former comprise three classes, which are distinguished by the relative position of the stamens and ovary; the eleven classes of the latter are based on the same set of characters and fall into the larger subdivisions Apetalae, Monopetalae and Polypetalae, characterized respectively by absence, union or freedom of the petals, and a subdivision, Diclines Irregulares, a very unnatural group, including one class only.

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  • The dichlamydeous group is subdivided into three, Thalamiflorae, Calyciflorae and Corolliflorae, depending on the position and union of the petals.

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  • The earlier Choripetalae embraces the Polypetalae and Monochlamydae of the French systems. It includes 21 series, and is an attempt to arrange as far as possible in a linear series those orders which are characterized by absence or freedom of petals.

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  • At the same time the groups based upon the integuments are of much the same extent as the Polypetalae and Gamopetalae of other systems. We do not yet know the significance of this correlation, which, however, is not an invariable one, between number of integuments and union of petals.

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  • in diameter, with five spreading white petals alternating with five persistent green sepals, a large number of stamens with pinkish-brown anthers, and one to three carpels sunk in the cup-shaped floral axis.

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  • Adonis autumnalis has become naturalized in some parts of England; the petals are scarlet with a dark spot at the base.

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  • The flowers are regular and symmetrical, having five sepals, tapering to a point and hairy on the margin, five petals which speedily fall, ten stamens, and a pistil bearing five distinct styles.

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  • Another species, possessing flowers with the lower petals white with a red tinge, and the upper yellow and red with a white border, and fruit unarmed, is Ae.

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  • The flowers are usually of a purplish colour, but are sometimes white, and the seeds, like the petals, vary in tint from dark violet to white.

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  • The petals fall in a few hours, and the capsules grow so rapidly that in a short time - generally from nine to fifteen days - the opium is fit for collection.

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  • The poppy blossoms about the middle of February, and the petals when about to fall are collected for the purpose of making " leaves " for the spherical coverings of the balls of opium.

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  • These are made by heating a circular-ridged earthen plate over a slow fire, and spreading the petals, a few at a time, over its surface.

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  • As the juice exudes, more petals are pressed on to them with a cloth until a layer of sufficient thickness is obtained.

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  • It is not made into balls but into rectangular or rounded masses, and is not cased in poppy petals.

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  • In October and November they are weighed and sent to market, packed in chests containing as nearly as possible i picul = 133 31b, the petals and leaves of the poppy being used as packing materials.

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  • arose from the supposed resemblance of the corona to the crown of thorns, and of the other parts of the flower to the nails, or wounds, while the five sepals and five petals were taken to symbolize the ten apostles - Peter, who denied, and Judas, who betrayed, being left out of the reckoning.

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  • 2) consists of a receptacle varying in form from that of a shallow saucer to that of a long cylindrical or trumpet-shaped tube, thin or fleshy in consistence, and giving off from its upper border the five sepals, the five petals (rarely these latter are absent), and the threads or membranous processes constituting the "corona."

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  • The flowers are regular and rather showy, generally with three greenish sepals, followed in regular succession by three white or purplish petals, six to indefinite stamens and six to indefinite free carpels.

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  • long, and panicles of small flowers without petals.

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  • I), which is dioecious, the flowers are borne above the surface of the water, have conspicuous white petals, contain honey and are pollinated by insects.

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  • 2), which is also dioecious, the small male flowers are borne in large numbers in shortstalked spathes; the petals are minute and scalelike, and only two of the three stamens are fertile; the flowers become detached before opening and rise to the surface, where the sepals expand and form a float bearing the two projecting semi-erect stamens.

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  • B, Sectio n - through core, or torus p, p, Petals.

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  • Petals multiplied at the expense of the stamens, which are reduced in number.

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  • 22, we recognize four distinct whorls of leaves: an outer whorl, the calyx of sepals; within it, another whorl, the parts alternating with those of the outer whorl, the corolla of petals; next a whorl of parts alternating with the parts of the corolla, the androecium of stamens; and in the centre the gynoecium of carpels.

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  • The petals are usually showy, and normally alternate with the sepals.

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  • When the parts of the calyx are in appearance like petals they are said to be petaloid, as in Liliaceae.

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  • In some cases the petals have the appearance of sepals, then they are sepaloid, as in Juncaceae.

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  • s, Sepals; p, petals; a, stamens; c, carpels.

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  • - Monochlamydeous (apetalous) flower of Goosefoot (Chenopodium), consisting of a single perianth (calyx) of five parts, enclosing five stamens, which are opposite the divisions of the perianth, owing to the absence of the petals.

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  • a, Stamens; c, carpels; p, petals; s, sepals.

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  • 32, successive stages, a-f, in the transition from petals to stamens.

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  • In some cases, as in the vine-family Ampelidaceae, this seems to be the ordinary mode of development, but the superposition of the stamens on the sepals in many plants, as in the pink family, Caryophyllaceae, is due to the suppression or abortion of the whorl of petals, and this idea is borne out by the development, in some plants of the order, of the suppressed whorl.

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  • Thus, a symmetrical flower may have five sepals, five petals, five stamens and five carpels, or the number of any of these parts may be ten, twenty or some multiple of five.

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  • 33 is a diagram of a symmetrical flower of stone-crop, with five sepals, five alternating petals, ten stamens and five carpels.

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  • - Diagrammatic section of a symmetrical pentamerous flower of Stone-crop (Sedum), consisting of five sepals (s), five petals (p) alternating with the sepals, ten stamens (a) in two rows, and five carpels (c) containing ovules.

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  • - Diagram of the flower of Flax (Linum), consisting of five sepals (s), five petals (p), five stamens (a), and five carpels (c), each of which is partially divided into two.

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  • angles formed by the lateral and median planes are the diagonal planes and in these flowers the petals which alternate with the sepals are cut by the diagonal planes.

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  • 39) - the reverse, by the law of alternation, being the case with the petals.

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  • - Diagram of flower of Sweet-pea (Lathyrus), showing five sepals (s), two superior, one inferior, and two lateral; five petals (p), one superior, two inferior, and two lateral; ten stamens in two rows (a); and one carpel (c).

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  • Thus, in many Caryophyllaceae, as Polycarpon and Holosteum, while the calyx and corolla are pentamerous, there are only three or four stamens and three carpels; in Impatiens Noli-me-tangere the calyx is composed of three parts, while the other verticils have five; in labiate flowers there are five parts of the calyx and corolla, and only four stamens; and in Tropaeolum pentaphyllum there are five sepals, two petals, eight stamens and three carpels.

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  • In the last-mentioned plant the normal number is five, hence it is said that there are three petals suppressed, as shown by the position of the two remaining ones; there are two rows of stamens, in each of which one is wanting; and there are two carpels suppressed.

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  • In double flowers transformations of the stamens and pistils take place, so that they appear as petals.

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  • In Canna, what are called petals are in reality metamorphosed stamens.

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  • In Capparidaceae the calyx and petals occupy their usual position, but the axis is prolonged in the form of a gynophore, to which the stamens are united.

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  • Some flowers, with spurred petals in their usual state, as columbine, are changed so that the spurs disappear; and others, as Linaria, in which one petal only is usually spurred, are altered so as to have all the petals spurred, and to present what are called pelorian varieties.

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  • The following is a very simple mode which has been proposed: - The several whorls are represented by the letters S (sepals), P (petals), St (stamens), C (carpels), and a figure marked after each indicates the number of parts in that whorl.

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  • As regards each leaf of the flower, it is either spread out, as the sepals in the bud of the lime-tree, or folded upon itself (conduplicate), as in the petals of some species of Lysimachia, or slightly folded inwards or outwards at the edges, as in the FIG.

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  • At other times, as in the petals of Camellia, the parts envelop each other completely, so as to become convolute.

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  • There are two sepals which fall off before the petals expand.

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  • Petals differ more from ordinary leaves than sepals do, and are much more nearly allied to the staminal whorl.

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  • Petals are generally glabrous or smooth; but, in some instances, hairs are produced on their surface.

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  • Coloured hairs are seen on the petals of Menyanthes, and on the segments of the perianth of Iris.

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  • Although petals are usually very thin and delicate in their texture, they occasionally become thick and fleshy, as in Stapelia and Rafflesia; or dry, as in heaths; or hard and stiff, as in Xylopia.

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  • 55) and the poppy, and the petals are then sessile.

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  • According to the development of veins and the growth of cellular tissue, petals present varieties similar to those of leaves.

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  • The median vein is occasionally prolonged beyond the summit of the petals in the form of a long process, as in Strophanthus hispidus, where it extends for 7 in.; or the prolonged extremity is folded downwards or inflexed, as in Umbelliferae, so that the apex approaches the base.

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  • In Hellebore the petals become folded FIG.

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  • Longitudinal section of flower; v, bracteole on the peduncle; 1, sepals; ls, appendage of sepal; c, petals; cs, spur of the lower petals; fs, glandular appendage of the lower stamens; a, anthers.

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  • - Part of the flower of Aconite (Aconitum Napellus), showing two irregular horn-like petals (p) supported on grooved stalks (o).

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  • A corolla is dipetalous, tripetalous, tetrapetalous or pentapetalous according as it has two, three, four or five separate petals.

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  • The general name of polypetalous is given to corollas having separate petals, while monopetalous, gamopetalous or sympetalous is applied to those in which the petals are united.

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  • This union generally takes place at the base, and extends more or less towards the apex; in Phyteuma the petals are united at their apices also.

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  • In some polypetalous corollas, as that of the vine, the petals are separate at the base and adhere by the apices.

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  • When the petals are equal as regards their development and size, the corolla is regular; when unequal, it is irregular.

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  • S9), in which there are five spreading petals, having no claws, and arranged as in the rose, strawberry and Potentilla; the caryophyllaceous corolla, in which there are five petals with long, narrow, tapering claws, as in many of the pink tribe; the cruciform, having four petals, often unguiculate, placed opposite in the form of a cross, as seen in wallflower, and in other plants called cruciferous.

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  • 40), in which there are five petals: - one superior (posterior), st, placed next to the axis, usually larger than the rest, called the vexillum or standard; two lateral, a, the alae or wings; two inferior (anterior), partially or completely covered by the alae, and often united slightly by their lower margins, so as to form a single keel-like piece, car, called carin g, or keel, which embraces the essential organs.

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  • 62), having two divisions of the limb in the form of lips (the upper one, u, composed usually of two united petals, and the lower, 1, of three), separated by a gap.

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  • The number of divisions at the apex indicates the number of united petals, some of which, however, may be FIG.

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  • - Rosaceous corolla (c) of the Strawberry (Fragaria vesca), composed of five petals without claws.

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  • Occasionally some of the petals become more united than others, and then the corolla assumes a bilabiate or two-lipped form, as seen in the division of Compositae called Labiatiflorae.

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  • Petals are sometimes suppressed, and sometimes the whole corolla is absent.

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  • Certain structures occur on the petals of some flowers, which received in former days the name of nectaries.

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  • Of this nature are the scales on the petals in Lychnis, Silene and Cynoglossum, which are formed in the same way as the ligules of grasses.

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  • In other cases, as in Samolus, the scales are alternate with the petals, and may represent altered stamens.

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  • Petals are attached to the axis usually by a narrow base.

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  • When this attachment takes place by an articulation, the petals fall off either immediately after expansion (caducous) or after fertilization (deciduous).

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  • The stamens arise from the thalamus or torus within the petals, with which they generally alternate, forming one or more whorls, which collectively constitute the androecium.

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  • Sometimes they become adherent to the petals, or are epipetalous, and the insertion of both is looked upon as similar, so that they are still hypogynous, provided they are independent of the calyx and the pistil.

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  • When flowers become double by cultivation, the stamens are converted into petals, as in the paeony, camellia, rose, &c. When there is only one whorl the stamens are usually equal in number to the sepals or petals, and are arranged opposite to the former, and alternate with the latter.

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  • When the stamens are not equal in number to the sepals or petals, the flower is anisostemonous.

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  • If the stamens are double the sepals or petals as regards number, the flower is diplostemonous; if more than double, polystemonous.

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  • The upper lip u is composed of two petals united, the lower lip (1) of three.

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  • It is a tubular floret, split down on one side, with the united petals forming a straplike projection.

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  • The lines on the flat portion indicate the divisions of the five petals.

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  • The calyx, petals and stamens spring from above the ovary (o) in which two chambers are shown each with a pendulous ovule; d, disc between the stamens and stigmas.

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  • In other cases, as in double flowers, the stamens are converted into petals; this is also probably the case with such FIG.

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  • plants as Mesembryanthemum, where there is a multiplication of petals in several rows.

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  • Sometimes the stamens in the early state of the flower project beyond the petals, and in the progress of growth become included, as in Geranium striatum.

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  • When the stamens are in two rows, those opposite the petals are usually shorter than those which alternate with the petals.

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  • Thus in the case of neroli oil the petals of orange blossom are loosely spread on trays covered with purified lard or with fine olive oil.

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  • small persistent, 5-dentate calyx, 5 petals, 1 0 stamens, a sessile 3 to 5-chambered ovary, a long style, and a 3-lobed stigma; fruit trigonal or pentagonal; and seed compressed.

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  • The petals were like silk, their scent strong and sweet.

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  • The trees would continue to bloom for the rest of his years, filling the orchard with delicate pink-white petals.

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  • Made from the purest oils and herbal astringents its aroma is reminiscent of dewy rose petals, freshly picked tangerines and Juniper Berries.

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  • biodegradable confetti or rose petals are to be used.

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  • Confetti only biodegradable confetti or rose petals are to be used.

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  • bouquet with a jar of rose petals jam.

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  • The flower's petals are enclosed by hairy green bracts.

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  • calendula petals can be used in the same way, they are immune system stimulants and are rich in carotenoids.

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  • The tips of its delicate pink petals peered above the clasping green calyx.

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  • Dishes include lobster carpaccio with olive oil and caviar, fragrant stuffed tomatoes or strawberries scented with hibiscus petals.

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  • A crystal bowl filled with rose petals floating in water makes a smashing wedding centerpiece.

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  • includes chenille stems, beads, colorful petals and wiggly eyes.

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  • Confetti Only biodegradable confetti Only biodegradable confetti or rose petals are to be used.

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  • The brighter the color of the flower, the greater the amount of active constituents its ' petals contain.

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  • A classical large flowered double where the large number of petals are overlaid neatly to form a very solid corolla of substance.

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  • Add rose petals so they are entirely covered with the oil, but not too tightly crammed.

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  • Dandelion Tea - The leaves and petals of the humble dandelion Tea - The leaves and petals of the humble Dandelion make a diuretic tea for treating fluid retention and urinary infections.

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  • delphinium petals, grown in the UK and are excellent quality.

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  • dewy rose petals, freshly picked tangerines and Juniper Berries.

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  • dispersed by the wind on a pappus which develops from the petals.

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  • dispersed by the wind on a pappus which develops from the petals.

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  • Outer petals have a blood red stripe at the center, inner ones have a broader feathering.

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  • It has white petals and a disk of yellow florets in the center.

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  • flower petals and leaves on the way is easy.

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  • flower with three petals sits in the center of the three leaves.

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  • In early or mid-winter it bears fragrant, yellow, dark red or orange flowers, with crimped petals, on the bare branches.

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  • Next I drew the outlines of the petals in clear gutta on top of the pale pink.

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  • hibiscus petals.

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  • The herb's delicate flowers have five petals with tiny, almost imperceptible black dots along their margins.

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  • inlet tract, taking care not to damage the petals.

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  • jar of rose petals jam.

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  • jasmine: The exotic blend of freshly cut jasmine flowers with a base note of rose petals.

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  • lotus blossom with eight petals, resting on a bed of jewels.

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  • lotus petals, like flames, like ghosts.

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  • Bought artichoke (rather larger than mine) in arjuna; cook it; pleasant to eat and the " petals " look lustrous.

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  • magenta in color with 5 to 7 petals.

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  • marigold petals are a colorful addition to a salad.

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  • Here, two girls in exquisite costume will line your path with the petals of fragrant orchids.

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  • papery petals.

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  • pendulous flowers, which have dark red spots on the insides of the petals.

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  • The petals form a pentagram which is emblematic of the supreme self-denial of the initiate devoted to the completion of the Great Work.

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  • petals of these fragrant roses.

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  • petals of each disk flower are white in the images below.

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  • Why settle for throwing ordinary rice when instead you can make the wedding so much more romantic by tossing rose petals?

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  • Dog rose petals are used either raw or cooked.

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  • petals scattered thinly among the crop.

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  • Sam was charmed to find that scented flower petals covered the water in the bath in the ladies ' room.

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  • Aslan (from Unwins) has fully double reflexed petals -- have all the appearance of a shaggy lion's mane.

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  • Thousands of poppy petals were scattered into a crater at the site.

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  • outer petals turn back to make a deeply domed flower.

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  • They carry generous clusters of gleaming flowers, with sleek scarlet sepals flaring to reveal a slim skirt of purple petals surrounding coral stamens.

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  • Closer up its delicate beige petals were tinged with a deep rose at the base.

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  • In the middle are lines of squares surrounded by pink petals.

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  • Roses and Rose petals jam pink 51 roses A round bouquet with a jar of rose petals jam pink 51 roses A round bouquet with a jar of rose petals jam.

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  • A simple runner can be used to line the aisle, making clean up of rose petals a little easier.

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  • Light danced around hir like lotus petals, like flames, like ghosts.

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  • These floated away, together with flower petals, forming a carpet over the water.

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  • There should be no gaps between the guard petals of each open flower.

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  • poppy petals were scattered into a crater at the site.

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  • You stroll along the footpath, reaching out to gently touch the petals of these fragrant roses.

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  • rose petals.

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  • petals scattered over your bed and in your bath - at once.

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  • sesame seeds, to give them the shape of rose petals.

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  • silver birch tree with glass petals on top which gather in the sunlight.

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  • They carry generous clusters of gleaming flowers, with sleek scarlet sepals flaring to reveal a slim skirt of purple petals surrounding coral stamens.

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  • Made from the purest oils and herbal astringents its aroma is reminiscent of dewy rose petals, freshly picked tangerines and Juniper Berries.

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  • The individual petals of the blooms are packed so tightly that they look like little teacups.

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  • Usually they have 5 petals, bloom once a season, and are often thorny shrubs or climbers.

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  • The petals have a lovely pink tinge around the edges.

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  • tossing rose petals?

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  • Fit the reed valve assembly into the inlet tract, taking care not to damage the petals.

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  • These phrases pile up almost to excess, like petals drifting off a cherry tree in spring.

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  • The layers of tightly packed petals make the half inch flowers splay out to resemble tiny ballerinas ' tutus.

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  • The bright golden petals seemed to sense she was there and slowly unfurled to face her.

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  • In early January its curled petals gently unfurl in shades of dark orange, filling the cold air with beautiful scent.

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  • The ' trumpet ' is often a darker yellow and nearly as long as the outer whorl of petals.

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  • An infusion of petals applied to the skin is said to reduce wrinkles.

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  • These are aquatic plants with thick fleshy rootstocks or tubers embedded in the mud, and throwing up to the surface circular shield-like leaves, and leafless flower-stalks, each terminated by a single flower, often of great beauty, and consisting of four or five sepals, and numerous petals gradually passing into the very numerous stamens without any definite line of demarcation between them.

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  • The first consists of cutting up the various fabrics and materials employed into shapes suitable for forming the leaves, petals, &c.; this may be done by scissors, but more often stamps are employed which will cut through a dozen or more thicknesses at one blow.

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  • The veins of the leaves are next impressed by means of a die, and the petals are given their natural rounded forms by goffering irons of various shapes.

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  • The next step is to assemble the petals and other parts of the flower, which is built up from the centre outwards; and the fourth is to mount the flower on a stalk formed of brass or iron wire wrapped round with suitably coloured material, and to fasten on the leaves required to complete the spray.

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  • in diameter, and bear in the axil a solitary, stalked, white flower, about the size and shape of the garden anemone, with six or more petals and twice as many hypogynous stamens.

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  • Poppies, all preparations of, excepting red poppy petals and syrup of red poppies (Papaver Rhoeas).

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  • Under the head of malformations we place cases of atrophy of parts or general dwarfing, due to starvation, the attacks of Fungi or minute insects, the presence of unsuitable food-materials and so on, as well as cases of transformation of stamens into petals, carpels into leaves, and so forth.

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  • Thus, in a phanerogam, the sepals, petals, stamens and foliage-leaves all come under the category leaf, though some are parts of the perianth, others are spore-bearing organs (sporophylls), and others carry on nutritive processes.

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  • Accepting this view of the phylogeny of the leaf, the perianthleaves (sepals and petals) and the foliage-leaves may be regarded as modified or metamorphosed sporophylls; that is, as leaves which are adapted to functions other than the bearing of spores.

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  • The sepals are generally organs for the protection of the flower-bud; the petals, for attracting insects by their conspicuous form and color; the foliage-leaves, for the assimilation of carbon dioxide and other associated functions.

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  • A simple case is that of double flowers, in which the number of the petals is increased by the metamorphosis of stamens; or again the conversion of floral leaves into green leaves, a change known as chloranthy.

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  • The parts of the flower are most frequently arranged in fives, or multiples of fives; for instance, a common arrangement is as follows, - five sepals, succeeded by five petals, ten stamens in two sets of five, and five or fewer carpels; an arrangement in fours is less frequent, while the arrangement in threes, so common in monocotyledons, is rare in dicotyledons.

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  • There is a very wide range in the general structure and arrangement of the parts of the flower, associated with the means for ensuring the transference of pollen; in the simplest cases the flower consists only of a few stamens or carpels, with no enveloping sepals or petals, as in the willow, while in, the more elaborate type each series is represented, the whole forming a complicated structure closely correlated with the size, form and habits of the pollinating agent (see Flower).

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  • p, Petals.

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  • Pleurothallidinae, characterized by a thin stem bearing one leaf which separates at a distinct joint; the sepals are usually much larger than the petals and lip. Includes To genera, natives of tropical America, one of which, Pleurothallis, contains about 400 species.

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  • From the upper rim of the receptacle are given off the five sepals, the five petals, and the very numerous stamens.

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  • Many Thomisidae lurk amongst the stamens and petals of flowers, which they closely match in colour, waiting to seize the insects which visit the blossoms for nectar.

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  • The flowers, which are borne in the leaf-axils at the ends of the stem, are very handsome, the six, generally narrow, petals are bent back and stand erect, and are a rich orange yellow or red in colour; the six stamens project more or less horizontally from the place of insertion of the petals.

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  • CAPRIFOLIACEAE, a natural order of plants belonging to the sympetalous or higher division of Dicotyledons, that namely which is characterized by having the petals of the flower united.

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  • and Sambucus, more rarely two-lipped as in Lonicera; the sepals and petals are usually five in number and placed above the ovary, the five stamens are attached to the corolla-tube, there are three to five carpels, and the fruit is a berry as in honeysuckle or snowberry (Symphoricarpus), or a stone fruit, with several, usually three, stones, as in Sambucus.

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  • CRUCIFERAE, or Crucifer family, a natural order of flowering plants, which derives its name from the cruciform arrangement of the four petals of the flower.

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  • The flowers are regular, with four free sepals arranged in two pairs at right angles, four petals arranged crosswise in one series, and two sets of stamens, an outer with two members and an inner with four, in two pairs placed in the middle line of the flower and at right angles to the outer series.

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  • The flowers, which are solitary, or rarely in pairs, at the end of slender axillary flower-stalks, are very irregular in form, with five sepals prolonged at the base, and five petals, the lowest one larger than the others and with a spur, in which collects the honey secreted by the spurs of the two adjoining stamens.

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  • b, pair of bracteoles below the flower; s, sepals; p, petals; st, stamens; o, ovary.

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  • Two of the petals placed under the hood of the calyx are supported on long stalks, and have a hollow spur at their apex, containing honey.

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  • Gloriosa, well known in cultivation, climbs by means of its tendril-like leaftips; it has handsome flowers with decurved orange-red or yellow petals; it is a native of tropical Asia and Africa.

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  • terminating the short annual shoot which bears a whorl of four or more leaves below the flower; in this and in some species of the nearly allied genus Trillium (chiefly temperate North America) the flowers have a fetid smell, which together with the dark purple of the ovary and stigmas and frequently also of the stamens and petals, attracts carrion-loving flies, which alight on the stigma and then climb the anthers and become dusted with pollen; the pollen is then carried to the stigmas of another flower.

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  • The corolla is generally funnelshaped, more rarely bell-shaped or tubular; the outer face is often marked out in longitudinal areas, five well-defined areas tapering from base to apex, and marked with longitudinal striae corresponding to the middle of the petals, and alternating with five non-striated weaker triangular areas; in the bud the latter are folded inwards, the stronger areas being exposed and showing a twist to the right.

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  • Each has a small calyx in the form of a shallow rim, sometimes five-lobed or toothed; five petals, which cohere by their tips and form a cap or hood, which is pushed off when the stamens are ripe; and five free stamens, placed opposite the petals and springing from a fleshy ring or disk surrounding the ovary; each bears a twocelled anther.

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  • The anomalous position of the stamens in front of the petals is explained by the abortion or non-development of an outer row of stamens, indications of which are sometimes seen on the hypogynous disk encircling the ovary.

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  • Flower after fall of petals, magnified.

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  • At night it crawls about in search of food, which consists to a small extent of dead animal or vegetable matter, but principally, as gardeners are aware, of the petals and other parts of flowers of growing shoots and soft ripe fruit.

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  • The other flowers of the lonaas are the papita de San Juan (Begonia geranifolia), with red petals contrasting with the white inner sides, valerians, the beautiful Bomarea ovata, several species of Oxalis, Solanum and crucifers.

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  • fritillus, a chess-board, so called from the chequered markings on the petals), a genus of hardy bulbous plants of the natural order Liliaceae, containing about 50 species widely distributed in the northern hemisphere.

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  • It will not suffer any training, nor does it, like the plum, improve by pruning, but the sunshine that attends its brief period of bloom in April, the magnificence of its flower-laden boughs and the picturesque flutter of its falling petals, inspired an ancient poet to liken it to the soul, of Yamato (Japan), and it has ever since been thus regarded.

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  • Thus, having pierced a spray of flowers in a thin sheet of shibuichi, the artist fits a slender rim of gold, silver or shakudo to the petals, leaves and stalks, so that an effect is produced of transparent blossoms outlined in gold, silver or purple.

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  • The sepals and petals are free or more or less united, the stamens as many or twice as many as the petals; the carpels, usually free, are equal to the petals in number, and form in the fruit follicles with two or more seeds.

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  • The structure of the flower represents the simple type of monocotyledons, consisting of two whorls of petals, of three free parts each, six free stamens, and a consolidated pistil of three carpels, ripening into a three-valved capsule containing many winged seeds.

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  • The flowers are mostly heavy and drooping, petals brightly coloured, the edges being curiously notched and waved.

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  • B, male flowers; I before; 2, after spreading of the petals...

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  • There are five free sepals, overlapping in the bud, and, alternating with these, five free petals.

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  • In Pelargonium the flower is zygomorphic with a spurred posterior sepal and the petals differing in size or shape.

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  • an outer whorl of five opposite the petals alternates with an inner whorl of five opposite the sepals; at the base of each of the antisepalous stamens is a honey-gland.

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  • (After Curtis, Flora Londinensis.) 1, Flower after removal of petals.

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  • It must suffice here to say that double flowers are most commonly the result of the substitution of brightly-coloured petals for stamens or pistils or both, and that a perfectly double flower where all the stamens and pistils are thus metamorphosed is necessarily barren.

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  • Papaver somniferum flore-pleno: hardy, 3 ft., white, lilac, rose, &c.; petals sometimes fringed.

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  • Schizopetalon Walkeri: hardy, i ft., white, sweet-scented at night; curiously fringed petals.

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  • dens-canis, the Dog's Tooth Violet, is a pretty dwarf bulbous plant with spotted leaves, and rosy or white flowers produced in spring, and having reflexed petals.

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  • The Snowdrop. Early spring-flowering amaryllidaceous bulbs, with pretty drooping flowers, snow-white, having the tips of the enclosed petals green.

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  • Continue the forcing of roses, hyacinths, &c. Houses containing large-flowered Japanese chrysanthemums will require to be kept dry, airy and moderately warm to prevent " damping-off " of petals.

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  • The corolla has from five to nine petals, cohering at the base.

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  • The sepals, very rarely three, which are two in number, fall off as the flower opens, the four (very rarely five or six) petals, which are crumpled in the bud stage, also fall readily.

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  • Cultivated forms of this, with exquisite shades of colour and without any blotch at the base of the petals, are known as Shirley poppies.

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  • The Californian poppy (Platystemon californicus) is a pretty annual about a foot high, having yellow flowers with 3 sepals and 6 petals; and the white bush poppy (Romneya Coulteri) is a very attractive perennial and semishrubby plant 2-8 ft.

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  • In the second case the outer series (calyx of sepals) is generally green and leaf-like, its function being to protect the rest of the flower, especially in the bud; while the inner series (corolla of petals) is generally white or brightly coloured, and more delicate in structure, its function being to attract the particular insect or bird by agency of which pollination is effected.

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  • The former comprise three classes, which are distinguished by the relative position of the stamens and ovary; the eleven classes of the latter are based on the same set of characters and fall into the larger subdivisions Apetalae, Monopetalae and Polypetalae, characterized respectively by absence, union or freedom of the petals, and a subdivision, Diclines Irregulares, a very unnatural group, including one class only.

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  • The dichlamydeous group is subdivided into three, Thalamiflorae, Calyciflorae and Corolliflorae, depending on the position and union of the petals.

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  • Of the Polypetalae, series i, Thalamiflorae, is characterized by hypogynous petals and stamens, and contains 34 orders distributed in 6 larger groups or cohorts.

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  • Series 3, Calyciflorae, has petals and stamens perigynous, or sometimes superior.

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  • The earlier Choripetalae embraces the Polypetalae and Monochlamydae of the French systems. It includes 21 series, and is an attempt to arrange as far as possible in a linear series those orders which are characterized by absence or freedom of petals.

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  • At the same time the groups based upon the integuments are of much the same extent as the Polypetalae and Gamopetalae of other systems. We do not yet know the significance of this correlation, which, however, is not an invariable one, between number of integuments and union of petals.

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  • Fruit cut across showing the petals and the stigmas have three chambers containing been removed, leaving the seeds.

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  • inner petals (a) and stamens.

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  • As an example of extreme asymmetry we may take de Vries's record of the frequency with which given numbers of petals occur in a certain race of buttercups.

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  • Here the mode is at 4.5 petals, the mean at 5.6 petals, the median lying of course between the two.

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  • Another explanation is based on the late appearance of the petals in the floral development and their origin from the backs of the primordia of the stamens; it is then assumed that three alternating whorls only are present, namely, sepals, stamens bearing petal-like dorsal outgrowths, and carpels.

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  • in diameter, with five spreading white petals alternating with five persistent green sepals, a large number of stamens with pinkish-brown anthers, and one to three carpels sunk in the cup-shaped floral axis.

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  • Adonis autumnalis has become naturalized in some parts of England; the petals are scarlet with a dark spot at the base.

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  • decidere, to fall down), a botanical and zoological term for "falling in season," as of petals after flowering, leaves in autumn, the teeth or horns of animals, or the wings of insects.

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  • The flowers are regular and symmetrical, having five sepals, tapering to a point and hairy on the margin, five petals which speedily fall, ten stamens, and a pistil bearing five distinct styles.

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  • Another species, possessing flowers with the lower petals white with a red tinge, and the upper yellow and red with a white border, and fruit unarmed, is Ae.

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  • The flowers are usually of a purplish colour, but are sometimes white, and the seeds, like the petals, vary in tint from dark violet to white.

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  • The petals fall in a few hours, and the capsules grow so rapidly that in a short time - generally from nine to fifteen days - the opium is fit for collection.

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  • weighing one seer or 22 & 1b, and wrapped in oiled paper, whilst Provision opium is made up into balls, protected by a leafy covering, made of poppy petals, opium and " pussewah," or liquid drainings of the crude opium; that of Patna is made to contain 75% of solid matter, and that of Ghazipore, which is known as Benares opium,.

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  • The Excise opium not having a covering of poppy petals lacks the aroma of Provision opium.

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  • The poppy blossoms about the middle of February, and the petals when about to fall are collected for the purpose of making " leaves " for the spherical coverings of the balls of opium.

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  • These are made by heating a circular-ridged earthen plate over a slow fire, and spreading the petals, a few at a time, over its surface.

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  • As the juice exudes, more petals are pressed on to them with a cloth until a layer of sufficient thickness is obtained.

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  • Adulterations such as mud, sand, powdered charcoal, soot, cow-dung, powdered poppy petals and powdered seeds of various kinds are easily detected by breaking up the drug in cold water.

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  • The workman sits on a wooden stand, with a brass cup before him, which he lines with the leaves of poppy petals before-mentioned until the thickness of half an inch is reached, a few being allowed to hang over the cup; the leaves are agglutinated by means of " lewa," a pasty fluid which consists of a mixture of inferior opium, 8% of " pussewah " and the " dhoe " or washings of the vessels that have contained opium, and the whole is made of such consistence that 100 grains evaporated to dryness over a water-bath leave 53 grains of solid residue.

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  • It is not made into balls but into rectangular or rounded masses, and is not cased in poppy petals.

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  • In October and November they are weighed and sent to market, packed in chests containing as nearly as possible i picul = 133 31b, the petals and leaves of the poppy being used as packing materials.

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  • arose from the supposed resemblance of the corona to the crown of thorns, and of the other parts of the flower to the nails, or wounds, while the five sepals and five petals were taken to symbolize the ten apostles - Peter, who denied, and Judas, who betrayed, being left out of the reckoning.

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  • 2) consists of a receptacle varying in form from that of a shallow saucer to that of a long cylindrical or trumpet-shaped tube, thin or fleshy in consistence, and giving off from its upper border the five sepals, the five petals (rarely these latter are absent), and the threads or membranous processes constituting the "corona."

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  • The flowers are regular and rather showy, generally with three greenish sepals, followed in regular succession by three white or purplish petals, six to indefinite stamens and six to indefinite free carpels.

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  • long, and panicles of small flowers without petals.

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  • I), which is dioecious, the flowers are borne above the surface of the water, have conspicuous white petals, contain honey and are pollinated by insects.

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  • 2), which is also dioecious, the small male flowers are borne in large numbers in shortstalked spathes; the petals are minute and scalelike, and only two of the three stamens are fertile; the flowers become detached before opening and rise to the surface, where the sepals expand and form a float bearing the two projecting semi-erect stamens.

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  • B, Sectio n - through core, or torus p, p, Petals.

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  • Petals multiplied at the expense of the stamens, which are reduced in number.

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  • 22, we recognize four distinct whorls of leaves: an outer whorl, the calyx of sepals; within it, another whorl, the parts alternating with those of the outer whorl, the corolla of petals; next a whorl of parts alternating with the parts of the corolla, the androecium of stamens; and in the centre the gynoecium of carpels.

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  • The petals are usually showy, and normally alternate with the sepals.

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  • When the parts of the calyx are in appearance like petals they are said to be petaloid, as in Liliaceae.

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  • In some cases the petals have the appearance of sepals, then they are sepaloid, as in Juncaceae.

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  • When both calyx and corolla are present, the plants are dichlamydeous; when one only is present, the flower is termed monochlamydeous or apetalous, having no petals (fig.

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  • s, Sepals; p, petals; a, stamens; c, carpels.

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  • - Monochlamydeous (apetalous) flower of Goosefoot (Chenopodium), consisting of a single perianth (calyx) of five parts, enclosing five stamens, which are opposite the divisions of the perianth, owing to the absence of the petals.

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  • a, Stamens; c, carpels; p, petals; s, sepals.

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  • 32, successive stages, a-f, in the transition from petals to stamens.

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  • In some cases, as in the vine-family Ampelidaceae, this seems to be the ordinary mode of development, but the superposition of the stamens on the sepals in many plants, as in the pink family, Caryophyllaceae, is due to the suppression or abortion of the whorl of petals, and this idea is borne out by the development, in some plants of the order, of the suppressed whorl.

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  • Thus, a symmetrical flower may have five sepals, five petals, five stamens and five carpels, or the number of any of these parts may be ten, twenty or some multiple of five.

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  • 33 is a diagram of a symmetrical flower of stone-crop, with five sepals, five alternating petals, ten stamens and five carpels.

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  • - Diagrammatic section of a symmetrical pentamerous flower of Stone-crop (Sedum), consisting of five sepals (s), five petals (p) alternating with the sepals, ten stamens (a) in two rows, and five carpels (c) containing ovules.

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  • - Diagram of the flower of Flax (Linum), consisting of five sepals (s), five petals (p), five stamens (a), and five carpels (c), each of which is partially divided into two.

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  • angles formed by the lateral and median planes are the diagonal planes and in these flowers the petals which alternate with the sepals are cut by the diagonal planes.

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  • 39) - the reverse, by the law of alternation, being the case with the petals.

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  • - Diagram of flower of Sweet-pea (Lathyrus), showing five sepals (s), two superior, one inferior, and two lateral; five petals (p), one superior, two inferior, and two lateral; ten stamens in two rows (a); and one carpel (c).

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  • Thus, in many Caryophyllaceae, as Polycarpon and Holosteum, while the calyx and corolla are pentamerous, there are only three or four stamens and three carpels; in Impatiens Noli-me-tangere the calyx is composed of three parts, while the other verticils have five; in labiate flowers there are five parts of the calyx and corolla, and only four stamens; and in Tropaeolum pentaphyllum there are five sepals, two petals, eight stamens and three carpels.

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  • In the last-mentioned plant the normal number is five, hence it is said that there are three petals suppressed, as shown by the position of the two remaining ones; there are two rows of stamens, in each of which one is wanting; and there are two carpels suppressed.

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  • In double flowers transformations of the stamens and pistils take place, so that they appear as petals.

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  • In Canna, what are called petals are in reality metamorphosed stamens.

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  • In Capparidaceae the calyx and petals occupy their usual position, but the axis is prolonged in the form of a gynophore, to which the stamens are united.

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  • Some flowers, with spurred petals in their usual state, as columbine, are changed so that the spurs disappear; and others, as Linaria, in which one petal only is usually spurred, are altered so as to have all the petals spurred, and to present what are called pelorian varieties.

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  • The following is a very simple mode which has been proposed: - The several whorls are represented by the letters S (sepals), P (petals), St (stamens), C (carpels), and a figure marked after each indicates the number of parts in that whorl.

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  • As regards each leaf of the flower, it is either spread out, as the sepals in the bud of the lime-tree, or folded upon itself (conduplicate), as in the petals of some species of Lysimachia, or slightly folded inwards or outwards at the edges, as in the FIG.

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  • At other times, as in the petals of Camellia, the parts envelop each other completely, so as to become convolute.

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  • There are two sepals which fall off before the petals expand.

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  • Petals differ more from ordinary leaves than sepals do, and are much more nearly allied to the staminal whorl.

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  • Petals are generally glabrous or smooth; but, in some instances, hairs are produced on their surface.

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  • Coloured hairs are seen on the petals of Menyanthes, and on the segments of the perianth of Iris.

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  • Although petals are usually very thin and delicate in their texture, they occasionally become thick and fleshy, as in Stapelia and Rafflesia; or dry, as in heaths; or hard and stiff, as in Xylopia.

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  • These parts are seen in the petals of the wallflower (fig.

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  • 55) and the poppy, and the petals are then sessile.

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  • According to the development of veins and the growth of cellular tissue, petals present varieties similar to those of leaves.

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  • The median vein is occasionally prolonged beyond the summit of the petals in the form of a long process, as in Strophanthus hispidus, where it extends for 7 in.; or the prolonged extremity is folded downwards or inflexed, as in Umbelliferae, so that the apex approaches the base.

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  • In Hellebore the petals become folded FIG.

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  • Longitudinal section of flower; v, bracteole on the peduncle; 1, sepals; ls, appendage of sepal; c, petals; cs, spur of the lower petals; fs, glandular appendage of the lower stamens; a, anthers.

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  • - Part of the flower of Aconite (Aconitum Napellus), showing two irregular horn-like petals (p) supported on grooved stalks (o).

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  • 58) some of the petals resemble a hollow-curved horn, supported on a grooved stalk; while in columbine, violet (fig.

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  • A corolla is dipetalous, tripetalous, tetrapetalous or pentapetalous according as it has two, three, four or five separate petals.

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  • The general name of polypetalous is given to corollas having separate petals, while monopetalous, gamopetalous or sympetalous is applied to those in which the petals are united.

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  • This union generally takes place at the base, and extends more or less towards the apex; in Phyteuma the petals are united at their apices also.

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  • In some polypetalous corollas, as that of the vine, the petals are separate at the base and adhere by the apices.

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  • When the petals are equal as regards their development and size, the corolla is regular; when unequal, it is irregular.

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  • S9), in which there are five spreading petals, having no claws, and arranged as in the rose, strawberry and Potentilla; the caryophyllaceous corolla, in which there are five petals with long, narrow, tapering claws, as in many of the pink tribe; the cruciform, having four petals, often unguiculate, placed opposite in the form of a cross, as seen in wallflower, and in other plants called cruciferous.

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  • 40), in which there are five petals: - one superior (posterior), st, placed next to the axis, usually larger than the rest, called the vexillum or standard; two lateral, a, the alae or wings; two inferior (anterior), partially or completely covered by the alae, and often united slightly by their lower margins, so as to form a single keel-like piece, car, called carin g, or keel, which embraces the essential organs.

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  • 62), having two divisions of the limb in the form of lips (the upper one, u, composed usually of two united petals, and the lower, 1, of three), separated by a gap.

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  • The number of divisions at the apex indicates the number of united petals, some of which, however, may be FIG.

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  • - Rosaceous corolla (c) of the Strawberry (Fragaria vesca), composed of five petals without claws.

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  • Occasionally some of the petals become more united than others, and then the corolla assumes a bilabiate or two-lipped form, as seen in the division of Compositae called Labiatiflorae.

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  • Petals are sometimes suppressed, and sometimes the whole corolla is absent.

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  • Certain structures occur on the petals of some flowers, which received in former days the name of nectaries.

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  • 58) are modified petals, so also are the tubular nectaries of hel lebore (fig.

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  • Of this nature are the scales on the petals in Lychnis, Silene and Cynoglossum, which are formed in the same way as the ligules of grasses.

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  • In other cases, as in Samolus, the scales are alternate with the petals, and may represent altered stamens.

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  • Petals are attached to the axis usually by a narrow base.

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  • When this attachment takes place by an articulation, the petals fall off either immediately after expansion (caducous) or after fertilization (deciduous).

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  • The stamens arise from the thalamus or torus within the petals, with which they generally alternate, forming one or more whorls, which collectively constitute the androecium.

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  • Sometimes they become adherent to the petals, or are epipetalous, and the insertion of both is looked upon as similar, so that they are still hypogynous, provided they are independent of the calyx and the pistil.

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  • In acyclic flowers there is often a gradual transition from petals to stamens, as in the white water-lily (fig.

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  • When flowers become double by cultivation, the stamens are converted into petals, as in the paeony, camellia, rose, &c. When there is only one whorl the stamens are usually equal in number to the sepals or petals, and are arranged opposite to the former, and alternate with the latter.

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  • When the stamens are not equal in number to the sepals or petals, the flower is anisostemonous.

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  • If the stamens are double the sepals or petals as regards number, the flower is diplostemonous; if more than double, polystemonous.

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  • The upper lip u is composed of two petals united, the lower lip (1) of three.

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  • It is a tubular floret, split down on one side, with the united petals forming a straplike projection.

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  • The lines on the flat portion indicate the divisions of the five petals.

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  • The calyx, petals and stamens spring from above the ovary (o) in which two chambers are shown each with a pendulous ovule; d, disc between the stamens and stigmas.

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  • In other cases, as in double flowers, the stamens are converted into petals; this is also probably the case with such FIG.

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  • plants as Mesembryanthemum, where there is a multiplication of petals in several rows.

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  • Sometimes the stamens in the early state of the flower project beyond the petals, and in the progress of growth become included, as in Geranium striatum.

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  • When the stamens are in two rows, those opposite the petals are usually shorter than those which alternate with the petals.

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  • Thus in the case of neroli oil the petals of orange blossom are loosely spread on trays covered with purified lard or with fine olive oil.

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  • small persistent, 5-dentate calyx, 5 petals, 1 0 stamens, a sessile 3 to 5-chambered ovary, a long style, and a 3-lobed stigma; fruit trigonal or pentagonal; and seed compressed.

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  • Press the thumb on the pieces, arranged on a plate with sesame seeds, to give them the shape of rose petals.

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  • Petals scattered over your bed and in your bath - at once.

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  • Is n't its meaning the lilac petals on water, camomile 's sensuous sinking lip on lip, into starry extinction !

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  • They have no petals, which make up the showy part of the flower in most plants.

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  • The giant steel stem is based on a young silver birch tree with glass petals on top which gather in the sunlight.

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  • Flower medium sized to large with funnel shaped receptacle, petals yellow; stamens in two groups, sensitive; Plants self sterile.

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  • The individual petals of the blooms are packed so tightly that they look like little teacups.

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  • Usually they have 5 petals, bloom once a season, and are often thorny shrubs or climbers.

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  • The petals have a lovely pink tinge around the edges.

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  • These phrases pile up almost to excess, like petals drifting off a cherry tree in spring.

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  • The layers of tightly packed petals make the half inch flowers splay out to resemble tiny ballerinas ' tutus.

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  • The bright golden petals seemed to sense she was there and slowly unfurled to face her.

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  • In early January its curled petals gently unfurl in shades of dark orange, filling the cold air with beautiful scent.

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  • The ' trumpet ' is often a darker yellow and nearly as long as the outer whorl of petals.

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  • An infusion of petals applied to the skin is said to reduce wrinkles.

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  • Create a "rose bud" by gently tugging one end of the rolled up sock so that petals emerge.

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  • Mint Mania: This recipe for minty tea comes from the National Gardening Association: Mix three tablespoons dried peppermint, one tablespoon dried catnip, one tablespoon rose petals, and one tablespoon lemon verbena; brew and drink.

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  • The petals point downward and the center forms a crown.

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  • Some varieties include confetti, flower petals, natural butter, leaves or fruit that add to the bathing experience.

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  • Buttercreams - These glycerine soaps are hand-rolled in a variety of special items, including chocolate, cocoa butter, petals, and more.

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  • This product is made of carmine rose petals, which produce a gentle, soft floral fragrance that is simply irresistible.

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  • Acqua Di Parma Iris Nobile: This elegant scent stands head and shoulders above the crowd, thanks to a refined blend that includes mandarin, iris petals, orange blossom, vanilla and more.

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  • Madonna Nudes 1979 for Women contains top notes of lotus petals, pomegranate and tangerine; middle notes of gardenia, orange flower and magnolia; and base notes of amber, atlas cedar and cashmere musk.

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  • Pastillage can be used to make flowers by forming it into petals and then putting the petals together to form the flower.

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  • The fruit's flavor is heightened by the wafting aroma of jasmine flowers or rose petals.

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  • This technique works well with everything from maps and postcards to old coins and dried flower petals.

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  • After all the scallops are punched, gently fluff open the tissue into petals.

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  • Rose petals scattered on the floor can add another romantic quality.

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  • These monogrammed velum paper cones hold soft petals for tossing at the bride and groom as they depart.

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  • Now rose petals make a colorful sendoff.

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  • They are often accentuated with rosettes, flower petals, lace, pearls, or other delicate embellishments, and are frequently the most expensive flower girl dresses.

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  • They can have flower petals scattered along them, or along the edges, just as in American ceremonies.

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  • You could also go for the "Fall in Love" Leaf Soap Petals.

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  • Decorating the cake table with rose petals or other flowers in colorful hues.

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  • The decorations on the cake - rose petals, for example - can be extended to the table to further increase the illusion of size.

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  • As the couple exits the wedding reception area, many Hawaiian themed weddings ask guests to throw orchid petals instead of rice.

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  • Place tea light votives on mirrors with scattered rose petals.

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  • Even if you're considering a bouquet of neutral-toned flowers to match your dress, consider adding a few colored petals to liven it up and make your bouquet pop on film.

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  • For example, few churches allow real rose petals to be scattered in the center aisle, as they stain carpeting and can pose a slipping danger to the procession - a liability some organizations do not want to be responsible for.

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  • Small sprigs of pine can be used as filler for bouquets or centerpieces, and a flower girl could carry a kissing ball of mistletoe instead of rose petals.

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  • Use a colorful aisle runner or line the aisles with petals or baskets of flowers if you are decorating a garden wedding.

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  • Consider covering the floor in magnolia petals and placing a few small bonsai plants near the entrances to the pagoda for a natural yet beautiful look.

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  • For example, a brief dance that includes showering your partner with flower petals can be one creative way to present vows.

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  • This may also include buds, petals, or small flowers to scatter on the cake table for additional decorations.

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  • Rose petals can also be spread on top of the water instead of full blooms for a romantic look.

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  • Hearts or silk rose petals sprinkled on the table for a Valentine's Day wedding carry the theme.

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  • Leaves: Colorful leaves can be scattered down the aisle in lieu of rose petals, or a thicker pile of leaves can line the edges of the aisle.

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  • Toss a few into an inexpensive straw basket with potpourri or a handful of flowers without spending too much cash.Add a romantic touch to any centerpiece by sprinkling freeze dried rose petals onto the tables.

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  • Have your flower girl carry the rose petals in a pumpkin shaped basket.

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  • Tip: Your flower girl can wear flowers in her hair, wear a delicate lace or antique-style dress, and drop gerber daisy petals instead of rose petals to really set off the garden theme.

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  • Decorate the area around your cupcake display with fresh flowers, pearls, dragées, gold dust, or rose petals.

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  • After the petals fall off, the capsule can be cut and the opium gum on the inside is scraped off of it.

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  • To set a romantic mood, use your satin bed sheets, light some scented candles, scatter a few rose petals, and open a bottle of wine or champagne and perhaps, even don some satin lingerie.

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  • You can also add a little more shape to the petals by running the ball up the center of each petal.

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  • Cut the cake into sixths or eighths, place a circle of cupcakes in the center of your display, and arrange the cake slices around the circle as flower petals.

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  • Another shows her naked but covered in rose petals.

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  • The couple quietly dated for three years and in 2005, Bratman proposed, reportedly in a room filled with rose petals and balloons.

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  • The center of the daisy signifies the Girl Scout promise, while the "learning petals" represent the different stages of growth and education in the life of a Daisy.

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  • Daisies do not earn proficiency badges, but do earn petals to a flower on their tunic through simple tasks and learning experiences.

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  • When well placed the double pink makes a wide-spreading mass like the common Bramble, and gives from the middle of August till autumn an abundance of bloom, every flower being a rosette of delicate pink petals.

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  • Calypso - C. borealis is a pretty little hardy Orchid, with rosy-purple sepals and petals, and a white lip, heavily blotched with cinnamon brown, from the cold regions of N.

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  • They are very large, bright rose with the claws or bases of the petals white.

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  • The blossoms, at their best in September, are carried as erect spikes of about 4 inches, each spike holding about a score of small ivory-white flowers with reflexing petals and protruding stamens.

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  • The petals of the laciniated section are very deeply cut into a fine fringe.

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  • In fact, the terms "green-edged," "grey-edged," and "white-edged" are simply used to indicate slight differences between flowers having an abnormal development of the petals into leafy substance.

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  • The flowers are small and inconspicuous, with scale-like petals of green, yellow, brown, or pink, and the sexes mostly apart, though found upon the same plant.

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  • After flowering, however, the tiny petals thicken and swell into a juicy fruit-like envelope surrounding the seeds, and handsome when brilliantly colored, as in the finer kinds.

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  • The flowers come in slender racemes of 6 to 12 inches, and towards autumn the tiny green petals swell into juicy fruits, of a rich purple color in September and October, when this is one of the most striking of wall or border plants.

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  • The fragrant flowers, which have primrose-colored petals and red anthers, come in April.

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  • Juarezi, which was introduced from Mexico about 1879, and they retain the characteristic shape of that species, the petals twisted, so to say, and reminding one of those of some of the Cacti.

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  • The flowers are quite single, about as large as those of a good single Dahlia of the ordinary type, and with twisted petals.

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  • Like them, it is remarkable for the curious twisted petals of its weird-looking flowers.

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  • The flowers are small and devoid of petals, but described as glowing like red fringed buttons all along the stems in early spring.

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  • The brightness of the flower is relieved by touches of white, or frequently by a white stripe across the centre of the lower petals, which are very full and rounded.

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  • The neat grey leaves are nearly like those of a Rock Rose, while the charming pure white flowers, composed of petals set like a Maltese cross, are fragrant and appear in June.

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  • Fringe Tree (Chionanthus) - A beautiful, small, hardy tree of the Olive family, well grown in this country in sandy loam; in early summer it bears long clusters of white flowers, with petals long and narrow like a fringe.

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  • Meconopsis Aculeata - A singularly beautiful plant, with purple petals, like shot silk, which contrast charmingly with the numerous yellow stamens.

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  • The massive flowers are borne singly upon slender stems of 1 1/2 to 2 feet, reaching at their best 6 inches wide, and composed of large drooping petals of carmine-red or reddish-purple.

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  • The varieties of I. setosa differ from those of I. laevigata in having broader and less-drooping petals, and the three inner petals are often of the same size as the outer, so that the flower is symmetrical.

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  • Iris Orchioides - Distinct in its rich, dark yellow blossoms, with black spots on the lower petals and a vigorous leafy growth.

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  • Lilium Auratum - Some forms have flowers nearly I foot across, with broad white petals copiously spotted with reddishbrown, and having broad bands of golden-yellow down the centre.

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  • Several named varieties are particularly distinct, and the chief are cruentum and rubro-vittatum, which have deep crimson instead of yellow bands down the petals.

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  • Rubro-vittatum, which have deep crimson instead of yellow bands down the petals.

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  • There are also C. leptosepala, a Californian kind, and C. purpurascens, distinct and handsome, about 1 foot high, with purplish stems, and bright orange flowers, the outside of the petals flushed with a purplish tinge.

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  • It has long, round leaves, like those of some of the Alliums, and its flowers, which are small and have delicate mauve petals and a purple centre, are borne on spikes from 5 inches to 6 inches long.

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  • The flowers are borne very freely, several together upon a stem; they are about 3 inches across, and of a pretty soft shade of reddish-buff, with a pale spot at the base of the petals.

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  • R. Augustinii has large white, pink, or mauve colored flowers, finely waved around the edges of the petals.

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  • It is the most fragrant of true Rhododendrons, the flowers composed of finely crisped petals, and clear pale rose fading to white.

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  • The trusses are small but exceedingly graceful, composed of flowers 2 inches or so across, white or rosy-lilac, freely spotted with dark red on the upper petals.

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  • Nymphaea Alba Odorata Rosacea--A - od form coming near exquisita but more vigorous, with bright rosy flowers about 4 inches across, paling to salmon-yellow towards the crown of golden stamens; petals narrow and pointed.

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  • Good single kinds are Maid of the Mist, white with finely fringed petals; The Bride, also white; Flag of Truce, Miss Sherwood, with pale pink edges; Danebrog, a very handsome flower in scarlet and white; and Mephisto, scarlet and black.

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  • The double forms are yet more varied, including those known as the Carnation and Paeony-flowered Poppies, the first with fringed petals, and the second with very full broad ones.

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  • The flowers are clustered in erect spikes, are sessile, of a greenish-white, with the petals rather far apart.

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  • A. pyrenaica is from the Eastern Pyrenees, but with broader petals.

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  • The petals were formerly used to flavor dishes in old English cookery.

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  • From two to four flowers are in the cluster, and each is about 1 1/4 inch in diameter, the free portions of the petals fully expanded.

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  • Rosace - This bears large double flowers, consisting of two or three rows of petals, at first creamy-white, but after expansion becoming pure white.

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  • Each flower is large, opening wide and flat, with sometimes a pale flushing towards the edge of the petals.

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  • The foliage of S. retusa is firm and compact, with small flowers borne in clusters at the tips of erect stalks; their narrow petals are usually a pale rose color, sometimes brighter.

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  • The lustrous white flowers are of a peculiarly delicate texture, the petals somewhat transparent, and yet enduring in a good state for days; their fragrance is delicate.

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  • The flowers are smaller, fuller, and more refined, with broader and blunter petals.

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  • Nymphaea Alba Atropurpurea - One of the darkest of all, with very large flowers of deep port-wine color, with pale yellow stamens and petals incurved at the tips.

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  • Nymphaea Alba Fulva - Bears medium-sized star-shaped flowers, curiously incurved at the tips of the petals, and sweetly scented.

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  • The flowers are very full, and floating, the lower petals often prettily tipped with rosy white during the heat of summer, becoming deeper and more uniform towards the autumn.

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  • Nymphaea Alba James Brydon - A distinct sort with flowers of 4 to 6 inches wide, of a soft rose-crimson; petals finely rounded and curving inwards, with a paler, silvery sheen beneath, and stamens of bright orange.

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  • Nymphaea Alba Laydekeri Fulgens - A flower of fine color and cupped, the rounded petals of crimson-purple showing paler within and enclosing a cluster of vivid red stamens.

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  • Nymphaea Alba Laydekeri Purpurata - A telling flower, larger than others in this group, and very shapely with its long pointed petals.

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  • Nymphaea Alba Lucida - With massive flowers opening starwise and rosy-vermilion in color, paling towards the edges and the tips of the petals and deepening towards the cluster of orange stamens.

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  • They are of glistening purity, fragrant, and very full of petals guarding the cluster of golden anthers.

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  • The guard petals are long and broad, but inside they grow shorter and narrower towards the centre.

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  • Carnea - A noble hardy plant, in color a soft flesh-pink, deepening towards the base of the petals and paling gradually to white.

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  • Flammea - A handsome, though inaptly named, flower of medium size, being a deep wine-red rather than flame-color, with red stamens and petals flaked with white towards the tips.

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  • Though not large, the flowers are good in color, composed of eighteen cupped and shapely petals.

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  • Petals rosy-purple, tipped and flaked with pink; stamens orange-red.

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  • Flowers of 3 to 5 inches, composed of narrow pointed petals, long in the bud.

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  • Though easily divided, the plant is best left alone for several years, gaining in size of flowers, which become 6 or more inches across, composed of very narrow pale pink petals, deepening in color towards the centre.

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  • Nymphaea Alba Odorata Exquisita - Finely-shaped rosy-carmine flowers of medium size, with narrow, pointed petals and golden stamens; they are the darkest of this group, and stand well out of the water.

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  • Nymphaea Alba Odorata Rosea - The Cape Cod Water-Lily-a plant of moderate vigour, with petals of a uniform bright rose color with yellow stamens, and fragrant.

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  • Though its parent is one of the latest, this kind is the first in bloom and bears the largest flower, opening out very flat, with narrow, crowded petals of elegant effect.

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  • Nymphaea Alba Robinsoni - A star-like flower of distinct color, a reddish-purple deepening towards the centre, which shows traces of an orange ground, paling again towards the tips of the petals.

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  • The flowers are of medium size, with pointed and sharply tapering petals, and they last longer than almost any other kind when open.

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  • The petals are pointed and sprinkled with red about the edges, the stamens deep yellow.

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  • They are creamy white, without a trace of color in the sepals or petals, which are longer and broader than in any other wild kind, and scentless.

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  • It is of smaller growth and blooms later than the parent, with cup-shaped pure white flowers, prettily shaded with green upon the outer petals.

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  • Richardsoni - An American seedling with double pure white flowers standing well out of the water; they are of finely rounded petals, curving inwards, the outer row and the sepals slightly drooping.

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  • Watch out for flowers that have been bred for double petals, as they make the nectar harder to reach.

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  • It blossoms in spring, the inflorescence having a bottle-brush appearance owing to the length of the white stamens, which, petals being absent, form the only conspicuous part of the flowers.

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  • 'Kim's mophead' is a popular variety of Echinacea that has white or near-white blooms with rather jagged-edged petals and a greenish yellow center.

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  • The leaves of the plant are very green and herbaceous, with just a bit of that same jagged edge that is seen on the flower petals.

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