How to use Peritoneal in a sentence
The adult stage, for example, has been found in the nasal passages of sheep, goats, horses and even of man, and the larval stage in the pleural and peritoneal cavities of dogs and cats.
They are very thin-walled membranes, very poor in blood-vessels, formed by the bulged-out pleural or peritoneal covering of the lungs, through the parabronchial tubes of which they are filled with air.
The body wall of the Chaetopoda consists of a "dermo-muscular" tube which is separated from the gut by the coelom and its peritoneal walls, except in most leeches.
It is further noticeable that in Rhynchelmis the covering of vesicular cells which clothes the drainpipe cells of the adult nephridium is cut off from the nephridial cells themselves and is not a peritoneal layer surrounding the nephridium.
This coelom is lined by peritoneal cells and is divided into a series of metameres by septa which correspond to the segmentation of the FIG 15.Advertisement
In a given case of anasarca due to a cause acting generally, it will be found that the liquid of the pleural cavity always contains the highest percentage of proteid, that of the peritoneal cavity comes next, that of the cerebral ventricles follows this, and the liquid of the subcutaneous areolar tissue contains the lowest.
The reason of this is apparently that the negative pressure of the pleural, and partly of the peritoneal, cavity tends to aspirate a liquid relatively thicker, so to speak, than that effused where no such extraneous mechanism is at work (James).
It is inadvisable to explore for a suspected abscess with a hollow needle without first opening the abdomen, as septic fluid might thus be enabled to leak out, and infect the general peritoneal cavity.
The peritoneal surfaces in the region of the liver should then be wiped clean, and the abdominal wound closed, except for the passage through it of a gauze drain.
The small opening among the fimbriae by which the tube communicates with the peritoneal cavity is known as the ostium abdominale, and from this the lumen of the tube runs from four to four and a half inches, until it opens into the cavity of the uterus by an extremely small opening.Advertisement
The skin consists of a transparent cuticle excreted by the underlying ectoderm, the cells of which though usually one-layered may be heaped up into several layers in the head; beneath this is a basement membrane, and then a layer of longitudinal muscle fibres which are limited inside by a layer of peritoneal cells.
It leads into a straight alimentary canal whose walls consist of a layer of ciliated cells ensheathed in a thin layer of peritoneal cells.
The two testes lie in the tail and are formed by lateral proliferations of the living peritoneal cells.
On the inner surface is a layer of peritoneal epithelium, which is frequently ciliated, and at the bases of the retractor muscles is heaped up and modified into the reproductive organs.
Pfeiffer was the first to show that this occurred when the bacterium was injected into the peritoneal cavity of the animal immunized against it, and also when a little of the serum of such an animal was injected with the bacterium into the peritoneum of a fresh, i.e.Advertisement
On opening the abdomen a small initial peritoneal incision is made.
Care is taken not to enter the peritoneal cavity by keeping in a plane just deep to the linea alba.
Metastatic peritoneal adenocarcinoma is the most likely diagnosis in a patient with malignant ascites.
Based on our findings, the results of peritoneal lavage cytology should thus be included in the factors for staging gastric cancer.
In general, peritoneal dialysis is suitable for most children with kidney failure.Advertisement
Patients with ESRD managed with other forms of dialysis such as ambulatory peritoneal dialysis have not been studied.
Automated peritoneal dialysis occurs for 8-9 hours overnight whilst the patient sleeps.
The peritoneal reflection is then incised with the diathermy a few millimeters posterior to the " white line " .
In some cases the primary tumor in the appendix can be quite inconspicuous in the context of abundant mucinous peritoneal tumor.
The aim of this study was to evaluate the prognostic value of a technique for peritoneal lavage used in Birmingham.Advertisement
Peritoneal mesothelioma causes a tumor to grow in the lining of the abdomen.
In case of unscarred pylorus the perforation can be excised followed by a pyloroplasty; truncal vagotomy is then added after thorough peritoneal lavage.
Elevated CA 125 is found both in malignant mesothelioma & serous papillary peritoneal carcinoma.
Infection of peritoneal tissue lining the intestines and the abdomen (peritonitis) may result from bacteria growing in the accumulation of undigested material.
Two main types are hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis.
In peritoneal dialysis, the cleansing occurs inside the body.
Dialysis fluid is injected into the peritoneal cavity and wastes are filtered through the peritoneum, the thin membrane that surrounds the abdominal organs.
Between the visceral and parietal peritoneums is a potential space called the peritoneal cavity.
Peritoneal endometriosis involves active lesions that become inflamed and shed, which leads to fibrosis.
The upper, wide opening of the duct is attached by elastic, peritoneal lamellae to the hinder margin of the left lung; the middle portion of the duct is glandular and thick-walled, for the deposition of the albumen; it is connected by a short, constricted " isthmus " (where the shell-membrane is formed) with a dilated " uterus " in which the egg receives its calcareous shell and eventual pigmentation.