Peer sentence example

peer
  • Technology allowed us to peer deeper into the mysteries of the miniscule.
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  • She yanked the wardrobe open and turned to peer over her shoulder.
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  • "Wow. It's not quite what I remember," she said, leaning away from him to peer at the ground.
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  • He was a member of parliament in 1774 and 1775; in 1776 he became a peer as Baron Osborne, and in 1777 lord chamberlain of the queen's household.
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  • In 1641 he recovered his liberty on the demand of the House of Lords, who maintained that as a peer he was entitled to be summoned to parliament.
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  • In 1839 he was made a peer.
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  • Peer pressure comes in both good and bad forms.
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  • Peer review validity is a topic of controversy.
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  • Returning home he was created a peer of the United Kingdom as Viscount Gordon of Aberdeen (1814), and made a member of the privy council.
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  • Immediately east of the town is Hamilton palace, the seat of the duke of Hamilton and Brandon, premier peer of Scotland.
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  • The king was bent on making the champion of the old order of Europe a peer.
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  • He was made a baron in 1828, and a peer in 1835.
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  • Anthony, who was knighted before he became of age, and fought at Towton in 1461, married the daughter of Lord Scales, and became a peer jure uxoris in 1462, two years after the death of that nobleman.
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  • Too well-informed, too appreciative and too modest to deem himself the peer of the "grand old masters," or one of "those far stars that come in sight once in a century," he made it his aim to write something that should "make a purer faith and manhood shine in the untutored heart," and to do this in the way that should best reach that heart.
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  • His quaint humour alternating with genuine pathos, and above all his simple and singularly unaffected devotional nature, made him as a preacher without a peer in his own time and country.
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  • All of the medical research funded by the cystic fibrosis Trust is peer reviewed.
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  • A final message " There should be peer educators in every school in Dundee.
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  • Practice for peer reviewers: Peer reviewers are invited to reflect on the practices of the department visited and on their own practice.
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  • No matter how popular or shy someone is, he or she is still likely to experience peer pressure on one level or another.
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  • You can find many university and college peer review journals online.
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  • His grandson Antoine (1601-1669) was also a marshal of France (1651), governor of Paris (1662), duke and peer (1665).
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  • In 1897 Sir Alfred Milner was appointed high commissioner of South Africa and governor of Cape Colony, in succession to Sir Hercules Robinson, who had been created a peer under the title of Baron Rosmead in August 1896.
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  • On the 4th of January 1901 Sir Alfred Milner was gazetted governor of the Transvaal and Orange River Colony, being shortly afterwards created a peer as Lord Milner, and Sir Walter Hely-Hutchinson, governor of Natal, was appointed his successor as governor of the Cape Colony.
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  • He was induced by the ministry of which his friend Guizot was the head to become a member of the council of public instruction and counsellor of state, and in 1832 he was made a peer of France.
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  • His determination to end the system was well shown by the fact that he heavily fined even the earl of Oxford, the companion of his exile~ the victor of Bosworth, and the most notoriously loyal peer in the realm, for an ostentatious violation of the statute.
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  • At the beginning of the war, Lord John Russell (who was made a peer as Earl Russell in 1861) acknowledged the Southern States as belligerents.
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  • Bruce, who had offended the licensed victuallers, was removed from the home office, and made a peer and president of the council.
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  • This peer married at Lambeth, on the, 6th of May 1796, one Mary Cole, the daughter of a small tradesman at Wotton-under-Edge, with whom he had already lived for several years, several children having been born to them.
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  • In January 1789 he was chosen speaker of the House of Commons, but he vacated the chair in the same year on being appointed secretary of state for the home department; about the same time he resigned his other offices, but he became president of the board of control, and in November 1790 was created a peer as Baron Grenville.
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  • Felipa jumped up and ran around the table to peer over Carmen's shoulder.
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  • Rhyn turned to peer at her through silvery eyes, flicking his tail in impatience.
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  • The murmuring of guards stopped, and he opened his eyes enough to peer through his eyelashes.
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  • He followed at a distance, keeping to the shadows in order to lift his eye-band and peer at the world around him.
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  • Do not succumb to peer pressure to drink too much.
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  • Peterborough Children and Young People's Center Provides services for children and young people which include counseling, advocacy, advice and peer support.
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  • Outcomes: In Summer 2001 we co-ordinated a peer led participatory appraisal consultation looking at health needs of young people.
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  • An annual cycle of peer appraisal is conducted at the subject level by Departments.
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  • Assessment is via a portfolio, which can include evidence such as live observation, peer assessment is via a portfolio, which can include evidence such as live observation, peer assessment or spoken evidence on tape.
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  • Children learning with peers: The confluence of peer status and literacy competence within small-group literacy events.
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  • The trained peer workers visit each tenement and distribute free condoms.
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  • Peer into the waters and you will see a flotsam of drowned and bloated corpses.
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  • He quickly threw open his cloak to peer in dismay at the pile of popcorn pooled in his pelvic girdle.
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  • The late impresario and life peer Lew Grade fled the Ukraine to become one of the giants in British television.
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  • The play is highly interactive with the young performers becoming peer facilitators.
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  • But you can still peer through the gates of the builders ' yard and see the engine manufactory and the great masonry furnaces.
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  • Implementing peer mediation to ensure the well being of all pupils.
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  • There are regular chat sessions hosted by trained peer mentors.
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  • The new volunteer peer mentors have a day out of class to undergo training in the school library.
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  • Who should have ownership of the outcomes of peer observation?
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  • Peer tutoring was found to be more common than peer tutoring was found to be more common than peer counseling.
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  • These businesses traditionally often remain insular, and tend to ask for support and advice from their own peer groups.
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  • In earnest prayer, he did not peer back through the trees in the dark to try to see if their eyes were shut.
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  • These will only be internationally reputed journals which include a rigorous process of peer review in the acceptance of articles for publication.
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  • All our reports are peer reviewed by experts in forensic computing, prior to submission.
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  • The Authority will take over the role of scientific peer review from the current Scientific Committee on Plants.
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  • Accreditation is carried out by panels of external peer reviewers against the agreed criteria.
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  • All articles have been judged by at least two peer reviewers.
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  • These are sea slaters, and to find them on dry day you need to peer into likely nooks and crannies.
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  • I will continue to give whatever support I can with the newsletter and peer support for HIV+ people.
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  • The training for the breastfeeding peer supporter volunteers will cover breastfeeding issues and communication skills.
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  • At the coronation in April 1661 Cooper had been made a peer, as Baron Ashley of Wimborne St Giles, in express recognition of his services at the Restoration; and on the meeting of the new parliament in May he was appointed chancellor of the exchequer and under-treasurer, aided no doubt by his connexion with Southampton.
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  • He has been sometimes erroneously called "Peer of Merchiston," and in the 1645 edition of the Flamm Discovery he is so styled (see Mark Napier's Memoirs, pp. 9 and 173, and Libri qui supersunt, p. xciv.).
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  • Also, in the 15th century, it gradually became the custom to appoint a steward pro hac vice to preside at the trial, or at the proceedings upon the attainder of a peer in parliament; and later, to preside over a court, called the court of the, lord high steward, for the trial of peers when parliament was not sitting.
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  • The practice of appointing a steward on these occasions to execute judgment upon a peer was kept up till 1477, when George, duke of Clarence, was attainted, and then dropped.
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  • Under the Stuarts the criminal jurisdiction of parliament was again resorted to, and when the proceedings against a peer were founded on indictment the appointment of a steward followed as a matter of settled practice.
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  • His mastery of the English tongue, his dramatic power, his instinctive art of impersonation, which had become a second nature, his vivid imagination, his breadth of intellectual view, the catholicity of his sympathies, his passionate enthusiasm, which made for the moment his immediate theme seem to him the one theme of transcendent importance, his quaint humour alternating with genuine pathos, and above all his simple and singularly unaffected devotional nature, made him as a preacher without a peer in his own time and country.
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  • On your southward journey peer out over the frosty waters of mighty glaciers, which give way to majestic fjords colored with wild flowers.
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  • Unfortunately some drinkers do n't know when they 've had enough, and some succumb to peer pressure to drink stupidly.
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  • But the threat of terrorism is not the only abyss into which we peer.
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  • The smiling and waving stops, sour angst ridden faces peer straight ahead from behind tinted windshields.
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  • The Earl o Moray took ower the kingdom an gart peer Mary sign a paper tae say she wis nae langer in pooer.
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  • Youngsters from poorer backgrounds (boys, especially) can buckle to peer group pressure and develop negative attitudes to learning early on.
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  • Amanda's desire to conform to the in-crowd made her succumb to peer pressure.
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  • Sure, Mommy and Daddy use the potty, but when children her own age begin upstaging her typical habits, this throws in an element of peer pressure.
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  • You can also post your photos for peer review, which is helpful in learning how to improve your photography skills.
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  • After all, what is mediation besides sitting quietly and taking the time to peer deeply into one's self?
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  • Conflicts with other students, peer pressure, and confrontations with teachers and school officials can be overwhelming for some children.
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  • Elementary students must cope with disrespect, failure, criticism, peer pressure, and social rejection.
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  • One of the most common negative aspects of teen life can be peer pressure.
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  • No matter how tempting it may be to give in to peer pressure, you'll feel better about yourself in the long run if you stay true to your morals and don't do anything that doesn't feel right to you.
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  • Peer pressure has made him try drugs and alcohol because it looks cool, and now he is addicted (to the substances or the attention he receives).
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  • If peer pressure is the problem, there are many boarding schools and wilderness camps that pull your teen away from her current situation at home and school to give her some time to reflect.
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  • Let him talk about the things that interest him, and don't be afraid to ask questions about important and tough topics such as drugs, smoking, peer pressure, and sex.
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  • Another significant change in the teen years is the importance of the peer group.
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  • Teens with low self-esteem will be less likely to find the strength to overcome peer pressure.
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  • Do you need some ideas on how to deal with peer pressure or a concerned parent?
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  • Many teenagers are well-intentioned, but they are also subject to peer pressure and the anxious feeling of wanting to experience adulthood.
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  • While peer pressure is a common part of growing up, how can parents help their teens deal with negative peer pressure involving sex, smoking, drugs and alcohol?
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  • How can parents or other concerned adults help teens avoid or fight the negative peer pressure that will probably plague them at some point?
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  • It will be easy for certain teens to fight peer pressure, while others will really struggle.
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  • Since no one wants to be the object of their peer's disdain, teens often turn to fad diets in order to lose weight.
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  • Another disadvantage is there may be a lot of peer pressure involved.
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  • Things change, injuries occur and peer pressure can take its toll at any given time.
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  • According to YourDictionary.com, a peer is a person who shares your rank, values and abilities among other things.
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  • With that in mind, it's time to delve into exactly what is peer pressure.
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  • It's this use of influence, often exerted as a push to do or say a particular thing, that is the heart and soul of peer pressure.
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  • If dealing with peer pressure was easy, it wouldn't be such a difficult issue to navigate.
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  • For the past twenty years, I have been working with young people who have eating disorders and body image issues, beginning in college as an undergraduate peer counselor and into my professional career as a psychologist.
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  • Are you looking for information on how does peer pressure affect teenagers?
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  • Some teens may feel they are the only ones who experience peer pressure but it is a common phenomenon.
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  • This study helps to show that teens don't need to feel like victims of peer pressure and that family support can help to make difficult situations easier.
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  • Certainly, however, other social factors are involved, including family problems and peer pressure.
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  • Here, children do the right thing because it is good for the family, peer group, team, school, or church.
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  • If you're worried about your child's education or the influences creeping in through their unsupervised peer interaction each school day, weigh the pros and cons of homeschooling.
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  • Homeschooling does not provide an escape for dealing with bullying or peer pressure, because these negative interactions are not exclusive to school.
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  • To foster peer relationships and social skills, homeschooling must take place both inside and outside of the home.
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  • Your child will experience less exposure to bullying and peer pressure.
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  • Less Exposure to Peer Pressure: Peer pressure and bullying are a major concern in the public school system.
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  • Dr. David Katz is the nutrition expert and Marisa Peer is the psychotherapist/hypnotherapist.
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  • Often peer pressure will cause a teen to contemplate a difficult decision.
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  • In addition to possible dangerous actions, a consequence of peer pressure is that a teen may feel frustrated and lash out.
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  • Luckily, there are many ways to prevent the negative effects of peer pressure.
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  • According to SADD, one of the best tools in deflecting peer pressure is family.
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  • Other ways to change the way that peer pressure affects teenagers is to limit exposure to television and movies that may make a teenager feel pressured.
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  • Peer pressure can be harmful to teenagers.
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  • The biggest affect that peer pressure--good or bad--has on teenagers is that it forces them to begin taking responsibility for their actions in ways they never have before.
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  • Essentially, peer pressure can help a teen grow up.
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  • Dealing with peer pressure is difficult, but not impossible.
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  • Resisting teenage peer pressure means standing up for what you believe is right and wrong.
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  • The following are some types of peer pressure and information on how you can stand strong and resist them.
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  • You've probably noticed a common theme in the ways to resist peer pressure from above, state your decision and walk away if your friends don't stop pressuring.
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  • While some of the facts on peer pressure can be confusing for teens, it is important to sort through them and understand peer pressure.
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  • Some teens might not know what peer pressure is while others may have some misguided ideas about who experiences it.
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  • No matter what your knowledge level on the topic is, learning some of the facts and numbers of peer pressure can help you to respond to it better in the future.
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  • Some people may not experience peer pressure as strongly as others may or may only experience positive peer pressure--but they still experience it.
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  • Teens may feel as if they will only have to deal with peer pressure in high school.
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  • However, everyone from high school to the office experiences peer pressure--it just changes in type.
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  • Some people will have the influence of peer pressure in their life and not even notice.
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  • Other people may feel choked by the power peer pressure has in their lives.
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  • This is because peer pressure is different for each person.
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  • No one will react the same way to peer pressure as the person next to him or her.
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  • Much like other types of stress, peer pressure can help mold you into the person you want to be.
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  • Even if you let peer pressure lead you into a bad decision, the way that you react can help build your character.
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  • While peer pressure generally is thought of as something bad, such as when teens feel peer pressure to drink or smoke, it can sometimes be good.
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  • Peer pressure an sometimes influence teens to get better grades, study more, learn a new sport or skill, read a certain book and more.
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  • One of the hardest facts on peer pressure for teens to understand is how to react to it.
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  • If peer pressure can be both good and bad, how can a teen know when it is okay to listen to pressure?
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  • Thinking about how your parents would feel can give you some insight as to whether the peer pressure you're facing is good or bad.
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  • Peer pressure can be a strong influence in the life of the average teenager.
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  • With that knowledge, teens can rise above the bad types of peer pressure and create great lives for themselves.
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  • The help of a peer can sometimes make the difference.
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  • This isn't the best gift to get if you're a close friend or peer of a teen; rather, the gift is more popular among superiors.
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  • This is why peer influence is so strong in adolescence, and is why if teens get wrapped up in the wrong crowd, it can turn them into problem teenagers.
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  • The reason why peer pressure is such a problem is that defiant people want others to join them to take some of the pressure off.
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  • Help the teen come up with some ways to avoid the situation causing him/her distress or plan to get the teenager help for a problem such as seeking a counselor for depression and/or peer pressure or drug treatment for substance abuse.
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  • Don't let peer pressure be the main reason that you do anything--and certainly do not let it control your life.
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  • There are numerous things that can affect teens like peer pressure and movies.
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  • A pre teenage girl will probably get in more trouble during her adolescent years than she did during her childhood, since she will be more likely to give into peer pressure.
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  • Home-life and peer pressure also affect a teenager's willingness to stay in school.
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  • While you are at it, try to talk to your parents about other matters like peer pressure or how you're doing in class.
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  • There is an emphasis on peer sharing and group counseling in sessions.
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  • Counseling, 12-step programs, peer support, and behavioral therapy are often the basis for many programs.
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  • Narconon has divisions devoted to drug prevention and education, peer leadership training for students, and workplace drug prevention and training.
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  • Peer interaction, individual counseling, and group therapy are emphasized.
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  • Through community-based organizations like 12-step programs, positive role modeling and peer counseling are stressed.
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  • It is thought that peer pressure, a desire to rebel, and clever marketing all contribute to the decision to start smoking tobacco.
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  • In counseling and therapy sessions, teens can learn how to resist peer pressure and replace drug using with other more fulfilling activities.
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  • Peer pressure: Since many college students drink, they pressure their friends into doing the same.
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  • Some will gravitate towards negative peer groups and rebel against their parents.
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  • Peer into any given home and you'll see the usual details that promise to make spirits bright: trees, boughs of holly, wreaths, tinsel, and bells, to name a few.
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  • After all, fans pay to see them perform, not to peer into their bedrooms.
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  • For the first series of Celebrity Fit Club, Marisa Peer served as psychologist while Dr. David Katz dispensed the medical advice.
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  • In an attempt to remove him from the peer pressures of public school, his parents transferred him to Poseidon School, a private high school.
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  • The term "cool" often refers to something that is widely accepted by a peer group, and able to either stand out in an acceptable way or blend in easily with the "in" crowd.
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  • For children, it is often "all about peer pressure".
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  • These organizations usually have peer or professional counselors ready to sit down with you to discuss your problems and questions about coming out.
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  • This is not the same as being "certified" by an agency, and although this type of credential is certainly better than none, it will not carry the same weight as a certification earned through a peer group.
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  • Files are uploaded, converted to PDF files, and then assigned to peer reviewers to accept, edit, or reject.
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  • Peer to peer sites could be your main source because most of the Tetris remixes are hard to find and aren't usually included on CDs.
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  • Snowball Fight: Engage in a snowball fight with other Miis on a field of play, shifting weight to either side to peer out from behind a barrier and throwing snowballs with the Wii Remote.
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  • Horror struck the group when Tom, attempting to peer out over a ledge to see how far they'd climbed, became dizzy, slipped and tumbled over the edge to his death on the rocks far below.
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  • Again, watch out for those peer sites that will send movies (and viruses )your way for free.
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  • Most children have stopped sucking their thumbs before they begin school, or else stop sucking shortly thereafter, usually in response to peer pressure.
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  • Although the value of peer relations grows during adolescence, the parent-child relationship remains crucial for the child's psychological development.
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  • Parents may experience their first opportunities to teach about peer pressure and independent decision-making over toy requests.
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  • This is especially a problem when the child's peer dies suddenly in an accident or after a long illness.
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  • The death of a peer, even someone they hardly knew, affects adolescents differently than the death of an older person.
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  • Peer approval is more important than parental approval during adolescence.
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  • In addition to the natural appeal of these foods, peer pressure contributes to the choice of a diet soft drink over milk or juice, or pizza over broccoli.
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  • Joining a support group or participating in online hyperhidrosis chat groups may help individuals better manage their condition through peer support.
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  • They have difficulty developing peer relationships with members of their own sex as well as romantic relationships with the opposite sex.
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  • During adolescence, peer relations become particularly important for children.
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  • In many ways, then, childhood peer relations serve as training grounds for future interpersonal relations, providing children with opportunities to learn about reciprocity and intimacy.
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  • When children experience serious difficulties in peer relations, the development of social competencies may be threatened.
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  • In addition, peer rejection can escalate in a negative developmental spiral.
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  • Exclusion from a normal peer group can deprive rejected children of opportunities to develop adaptive social behaviors.
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  • Considerable research has been undertaken to try to understand why some children experience serious and long-lasting difficulties in the area of peer relations.
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  • To explore factors leading to peer difficulties, researchers typically employ the sociometric method to identify children who are or are not successful with peers.
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  • Developmentally, peer neglect is not a very stable classification, and many neglected children develop more confidence as they move into classrooms with more familiar or more compatible peers.
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  • The long-term consequences of sustained peer rejection can be quite serious.
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  • Often, deficits in social competence and peer rejection coincide with other emotional and behavioral problems, including attention deficits, aggression, and depression.
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  • Childhood peer rejection predicts a variety of difficulties in later life, including school problems, mental health disorders, and antisocial behavior.
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  • In fact, in one study, peer rejection proved to be a more sensitive predictor of later mental health problems than school records, achievement, intelligence quotient (IQ) scores, or teacher ratings.
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  • It appears, then, that positive peer relations play an important role in supporting the process of healthy social and emotional development.
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  • Problematic peer relations are associated with both present and future maladjustment of children and warrant serious attention from parents and professionals working with children.
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  • When assessing the possible factors contributing to a child's social difficulties and when planning remedial interventions, it is important to understand developmental processes associated with social competence and peer relations.
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  • In addition, however, developmental changes occur in the structure and quality of peer interactions that affect the complexity of skills contributing to social competence.
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  • During the preadolescent and early adolescent years, communication (including sending notes, calling on the phone, and "hanging out") becomes a major focus for peer interactions.
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  • These feelings can cause them to give up and avoid social situations, which can in turn exacerbate their peer problems.
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  • Studies have shown that aggressive-rejected children, who tend to blame outside factors for their peer problems, are less likely to express distress than withdrawn-rejected children, who often attribute their problems to themselves.
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  • Distinguishing normal friendship problems from problem peer relations that signal serious deficits in social competence is an important goal of assessment.
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  • There are several key signs that a child's peer difficulties may be more serious and long-lasting rather than temporary.
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  • If children behave aggressively with peers, act bossy and domineering, or are disruptive and impulsive at school, they are more likely to have long-lasting peer difficulties than are children who are simply shy.
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  • Children who display aggressive or disruptive behavior often have many discouraging experiences at school, including discipline problems and learning difficulties, as well as poor peer relations.
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  • It is not necessary for a child to be popular in order for that child to gain the advantages of peer support.
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  • When children are ignored by peers and are neither disliked nor liked, teachers and parents can take steps to foster friendship development and peer support.
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  • When children are actively disliked by peers and the victims of teasing or ostracism, the task is harder for parents and teachers and the likelihood of the child reestablishing positive peer relations without help decreases.
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  • Third, the stability and timing of peer problems should be considered.
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  • It is not unusual for children to experience short-term social difficulties when they are moving into new peer situations, such as a new school or a new classroom.
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  • Peer problems may also emerge if children are distressed about other changes in their lives, such as a reaction to parental conflict or the birth of a sibling.
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  • When peer problems emerge at a time that corresponds to other family or situational changes, they may serve as signals to let parents and teachers know that the child needs extra support at that time.
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  • When peer problems have been stable and have existed for a long time, more extensive intervention focused on improving peer relations may be needed.
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  • Some children have difficulty with all types of social relationships, while others do well in their neighborhoods or in one-on-one friendships but experience problems with the peer group at school.
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  • Teachers can often provide information about how children treat and are treated by peers and can also offer opinions about how typical or unusual a child's peer problems are relative to others of the same age.
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  • Because they do not have access to the full range of situations in which children interact, however, teachers and parents may not always be the best source of information on children's peer problems.
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  • Teacher, parent, peer, and self-reports may yield distinct but complementary information, so by gathering multiple perspectives a more complete picture of a child's social strengths and weaknesses can be obtained.
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  • Different strategies may be needed to help children develop social competencies and establish positive peer relations depending on the age of the child and the type of peer problem being experienced.
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  • It can be difficult to suppress aggressive and disruptive behaviors in peer settings for several reasons.
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  • Large, unstructured peer group settings (such as recess) are particularly difficult situations for many of the children who have peer problems.
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  • These children need a structured, smaller peer interaction setting in which an adult's support is available to guide positive peer interaction.
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  • If they then generalize these socially incompetent behaviors to their peer interactions, peer rejection may result.
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  • For example, aggressive children are more likely to interpret an accidental push or bump from a peer as intentionally hostile and respond accordingly.
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  • In addition, peer support groups can sometimes help children come to terms with their diabetes.
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  • Kleptomania is diagnosed when repetitive stealing is not better explained by anger or vengeance, peer pressure, delusions or hallucinations, conduct disorder, a manic episode, or antisocial personality disorder.
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  • Such assessment should include parent-adolescent relationships; peer characteristics; school, home, and community environment; and overall health of the individual.
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  • Peer pressure to use alcohol "just for fun."
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  • Good self-esteem is the best defense against peer pressure to drink.
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  • Peer influence and hormonal changes can affect participation in group physical activities, so parents should consider encouraging exercise at home for children reluctant to participate with peers.
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  • However, by junior and senior high school, retained students tend to have more behavior problems, more difficulties with peer relationships, lower self-esteem, and poorer attendance.
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  • Obese children and adolescents are more susceptible to eating disorders, negative self-esteem and body image, and depression due to peer influences.
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  • Counseling, peer group therapy, and family therapy may be required to support lifestyle modifications for obese children and adolescents.
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  • Studies show that children who participate in one or more after-school activities are less prone to negative peer pressure and have higher levels of self-esteem than children who do not participate.
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  • Peer pressure-Social pressure exerted by a group or individual in a group on someone to adopt a particular type of behavior, dress, or attitude in order to be an accepted member of a group or clique.
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  • Many parents wonder about the susceptibility of adolescents to peer pressure.
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  • In general, studies that contrast parent and peer influences indicate that in some situations, peers' opinions are more influential, while in others, parents' are more influential.
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  • In general, during childhood, boys and girls are highly oriented toward their parents and less so toward their peers; peer pressure during the early elementary school years is not especially strong.
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  • As they approach adolescence, however, children become somewhat less oriented toward their parents and more oriented toward their peers, and peer pressure begins to escalate.
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  • During early adolescence, conformity to parents continues to decline and conformity to peers and peer pressure continues to rise.
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  • Second, during adolescence, peer groups function much more often without adult supervision than they do during childhood, and more often involve friends of the opposite sex.
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  • Finally, whereas children's peer relationships are limited mainly to pairs of friends and relatively small groups-three or four children at a time, for example-adolescence marks the emergence of larger groups of peers, or crowds.
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  • Peer acceptance is the degree to which a child or adolescent is socially accepted by peers.
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  • It includes the level of peer popularity and the ease with which a child or adolescent can initiate and maintain satisfactory peer relationships.
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  • Peer acceptance and relationships are important to children's social and emotional development.
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  • Peer acceptance and friendship provide a wide range of learning and development opportunities for children.
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  • When examining peer acceptance among children, researchers usually look at two areas that are related to a child's psychological and social development.
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  • The first area is the child's social standing in the peer group as a whole and is indicated by the child's level of social acceptance by other members in the group, usually classmates.
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  • Although genes may be a factor in a child's social competence and level of peer acceptance, environmental factors are also extremely important.
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  • In children, the top three categories of peer affiliation are age, sex, and race.
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  • There is also research that suggests the quality of attachment between mothers or primary caregivers during infancy can contribute to peer acceptance later in childhood.
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  • It is important to recognize the role of the peer group in maintaining a preschool-age child's level of social acceptance.
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  • As a result, there is less peer acceptance of children with imaginary companions.
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  • Several other studies have shown that fantasy play is also related to peer acceptance in children in preschool.
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  • Using a scoring system that included the reality and unfamiliarity levels of fantasy play, researchers found players who scored high had higher self-ratings of peer acceptance than did average scoring fantasy players.
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  • However, the high scoring fantasy players had lower teacher ratings of peer acceptance than the average scoring fantasy players.
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  • Researchers suggest the difference may occur because the high scoring fantasy players were unable to distinguish imagined popularity from actual peer acceptance.
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  • In school-aged children, factors such as physical attractiveness, cultural traits, and disabilities greatly affect the level of peer acceptance, with a child's degree of social competence being the best predictor of peer acceptance.
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  • The peer groups of adolescence, especially teens, are often based on athletic, social, or academic interests and abilities; on distinctions of race, ethnicity, and social class; and on proclivities such as drug use and delinquency.
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  • Competitiveness or dominance by itself is not necessarily indicative of low peer acceptance.
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  • Children learn to relate to peers by engaging in peer relationships.
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  • Lack of opportunity to participate normally in peer interaction is especially a problem for children who differ in some obvious way, either culturally, racially, or through some mental or physical disability.
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  • Parents and teachers should address issues of peer acceptance as early as possible in order to prevent loss of self-confidence and self-esteem.
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  • In addition to providing direct social skills training or counseling for the child with peer acceptance problems, parents and teachers can create opportunities for non-threatening social interaction to occur.
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  • In school, peer helping programs and collaborative learning provide opportunities for popular and less-popular children to work together.
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  • Peer rejection in childhood often brings with it serious emotional difficulties.
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  • Peer rejection is also predictive of later life problems, such as dropping out of school, juvenile delinquency, and mental health problems.
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  • Teaching a child the missing skills is often more effective in improving peer relationships than working only on reducing negative behavior.
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  • Igniting Student Involvement, Peer Interaction, and Teamwork.
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  • Friends, Cliques, and Peer Pressure: Be True to Yourself.
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  • Social influences such as peer pressure, parental support, cultural and religious background, socioeconomic status, and interpersonal relationships all help to shape personality and influence psychological makeup.
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  • Adolescents may chew ice due to peer pressure or because they are deficient in iron.
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  • It includes patterns of use in the addict's family or subculture, peer pressure, and advertising or media influence.
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  • At this stage, social acceptance by a child's peer group plays a major role in developing and maintaining self-esteem.
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  • Peer acceptance and relationships are important to children's social and emotional development and to their development of self-esteem.
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  • Peer acceptance, especially friendships, provides a wide range of learning and development opportunities for children.
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  • There is no peer support for sexual exploration or reward for teaching orgasm.
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  • If parents discuss with their children the emotional aspect of a sexual relationships, the children will be better informed to make decisions later on and to resist peer pressure.
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  • Peer pressure is the influence of a social group on an individual.
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  • This peer pressure can influence how children dress, what kind of music they listen to, and what types of behavior they engage in, including risky behaviors such as using drugs, cigarettes, and alcohol, and engaging in sex.
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  • Peer groups are usually cliques of friends who are about the same age.
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  • Peer pressure can begin in early childhood with children trying to get other kids to play the games they want.
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  • Depending on the group trying to apply the influence, peer pressure can be negative or positive.
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  • Some kids give in to peer pressure because they want to be liked, to fit in, or because they worry that other kids may make fun of them if they do not go along with the group.
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  • Peer pressure can be extremely strong and seductive.
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  • Experiments have shown how peer pressure can influence children to change their minds from what they know for sure is acceptable behavior to unacceptable behavior just because everyone else in their peer group is doing it.
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  • These studies have also shown that all it takes for individuals to stand their ground on what they know is right is for one other peer to join them.
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  • Children and adolescents cannot always avoid negative peer pressure.
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  • This is perhaps the most difficult thing in the world for many people to do, but it is an essential skill if you are to successfully fend off negative peer pressure.
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  • Peer pressure can be found in groups as young as age two, when children will do things simply because other kids are doing it or tell them to.
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  • Peer pressure can have positive benefits for preschoolers, such as taking a nap or eating vegetables when they see their friends doing it.
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  • Peer pressure can be a positive influence if friends encourage each other to strive to do better in school, sports, and creative activities.
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  • Peer pressure can also have a negative influence on children ages five to eight when a friend or friends encourage them to act in a way that is not natural for the child.
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  • The effects of peer pressure usually begin to be seen heavily by middle school and through high school.
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  • As children turn into adolescents, involvement with their peers and the attraction of peer identification increases.
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  • Adolescents expand their peer relationships to occupy a central role in their lives, often replacing their parents and family as their main source of advice, socializing, and entertainment activities.
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  • The peer group is a source of affection, sympathy, understanding, and experimentation.
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  • At adolescence, peer relations expand to occupy a particularly central role in young people's lives.
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  • New types (opposite sex, romantic ties) and levels (crowds) of peer relationships emerge.
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  • Teenagers have multiple peer relationships, and they confront multiple peer cultures that have remarkably different norms and value systems.
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  • The perception many adults have that peer pressure is one culture or a unified front of dangerous influence is inaccurate.
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  • Although the negative peer influence is overemphasized, more can be done to help teenagers experience the family and the peer group as mutually constructive environments.
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  • The following are facts about parent, adolescent and peer relations.
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  • Youth gangs, commonly associated with inner-city neighborhoods, are a recognizable peer group among youth in smaller cities, suburbs, and even rural areas.
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  • There has been an increase in part-time employment among youth, but it has had little impact on peer relations.
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  • Negative peer pressure occurs when a child's or teen's friends or other people their age try to convince them to do something that is either harmful to their body or is against the law.
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  • Parents may need to seek professional psychological help for children suffering from peer rejection, especially when the child is depressed or shows overly aggressive behavior.
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  • Standing Up to Peer Pressure: A Guide to Being True to You.
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  • "Peer Pressure Likely to Prompt Tobacco Use: Behavior Predictors Studied."
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  • "Careful Questioning Can Uncover Drug Abuse (Peer Pressure is Powerful)."
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  • Even children who stop because of peer pressure at school may continue to use a pacifier to calm down at home or to go to sleep.
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  • Although bullying actually lessens during adolescence, this is the period when peer rejection is most painful for victims.
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  • The root causes of truancy are complex and varied and can include drug use, membership in a peer group of truants or gangs, lack of direction in education, poor academic performance, and violence at or near school.
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  • The main concern with older children is peer pressure and the desire to fit in; therefore, symptoms may not be reported accurately and medications may not be taken to avoid comments from peers or appearing different.
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  • Parents may want to counteract peer pressure by offering a contract that outlines the management plan and lists specific rewards and consequences.
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  • Developmental factors such as pubertal timing, self-esteem, and peer affiliation may also increase their risk of exposure to STDs.
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  • Studies show that children who are given social skills instruction decrease their antisocial behavior, especially when the instruction is combined with some form of supportive peer group or family therapy.
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  • For example, a child's slowness to adapt may be seen as a drawback rather than as a protection against the dangers of impetuosity or being overly influenced by peer pressure.
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  • The parents will need to balance their child's need for a normal life with peer interaction and the desire to reduce the chance of exposure to serious infection.
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  • At ages nine to 12, children's creativity is greatly affected by peer influence.
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  • For a person with a large family, social network, or peer group to whom they must convey thanks, this method is not only thoughtful, but practical too, in view of the numbers that are required.
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  • Peer reviews can give you a better idea of a products true efficacy than simply trusting a manufacturer's claims.
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  • And, much of the socialization that takes place in th public school setting is not, in the opinion of many homeschooling parents, the best sort, with bullying common as well as peer pressure to engage in undesirable or unsafe behavior.
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  • These children get to interact with people of all ages, not just their peer group, during the day.
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  • Home schooled children are socialized, usually with more peer groups than a child who goes to public or private schools.
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  • Conventional school, particularly middle school and high school, is full of peer pressure, bullies and other social problems.
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  • An eclectic mix of soft feminine sheen and strong masculine lines, the designs entice you to peer closer.
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  • With a degree in Sociology and a passion for exploring interpersonal relationships, she possesses a lengthy background in peer counseling, group management, customer marketing.
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  • Empowering Lesbians-This site's mission is provide peer support through tri-monthly group discussions which are geared toward addressing the needs of the black lesbians and other bisexual women.
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  • Do you legitimately care for this person-with no popularity motives or peer pressure involved?
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  • Similarly, couples should not succumb to peer pressure to have jewelry equally or more expensive than other couples they know.
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  • A friend, who is a peer of the couple, may choose more casual wording, especially if the party in for other friends who are the same age as the couple.
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  • Girls in this age group are likely to be more tuned into style than their younger sisters and also subject to a great deal of peer pressure.
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  • At this age, that guidance is crucial, because peer pressure comes heavily into play in making choices about clothing.
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  • Developmental programs seek to grow a child's emotional and social skills, such as learning to share and take turns, and developing peer relationships.
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  • When kids feel a sense of purpose and accomplishment, they are better able to fend off peer pressure.
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  • Teaching kids how to handle peer pressure can be as simple as role playing different situations.
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  • This kind of parenting helps children withstand peer pressure and also feel more stable in their home.
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  • Many take the approach of "if I can do it, so can you", and this attitude of peer support can be extremely beneficial to someone trying to see how others manage.
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  • Toby is extremely book smart, but is not schooled in dealing with peer pressure.
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  • Common challenges confronted by the students at Degrassi Community School include self-image issues, peer pressure, child abuse, sexual identity, gang violence, self-injury, school shootings, teenage pregnancy and drug abuse.
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  • The character of Elena has received particular notoriety, as she is strongly portrayed as a confident woman who does not allow herself to be controlled by men or peer pressure.
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  • The ability to develop a positive attitude while dealing with issues like peer pressure, bullying and rejection is a significant challenge.
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  • The site links to Peer Reviewed Papers that support Wakefield's findings.
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  • A good record in terms of school behavior is also usually necessary, since these young women will be expected to be peer leaders as well as team supporters.
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  • He insists that his study was peer reviewed by the Endocrine Society.
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  • Users can obtain peer support through the community message boards and chat rooms.
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  • This can be done in two ways - either through streaming or through a virtual tuner, which sets up a Peer to Peer connection between you and the broadcaster.
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  • It operates on a peer to peer network basis but allows users to create profiles and "meet" other people.
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  • They approximate that 870 million songs are available through peer to peer file sharing networks.
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  • In its wake, new peer to peer technology was created using decentralized servers, making it harder for the industry to target users - the most popular being Kazaa and LimeWire.
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  • The most popular way to swap music is peer to peer (P2P) networks, which allow users to download tunes from other people's computers, while they at the same time make their own songs available to fellow users.
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  • Limewire Pro is a fee based variant of the hugely popular free Limewire peer to peer (P2P) file sharing network.
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  • The peer to peer architecture was firmly put in place right from the beginning, promising speedy downloads because you are connected to multiple sources at the same time.
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  • Morpheus music is a P2P (peer to peer) downloading network, meaning that people using the network share files directly from one user's computer to another's.
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  • Limewire is a peer to peer (P2P) file sharing network that allows users to swap files with each other over the internet.
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  • He was created a peer of France in 1458, and made governor of Paris during the war of the League of the Public Weal (1465).
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  • On the 6th of December he protested with three other peers against the measure sent up from the Commons enforcing the disarming of all convicted recusants and taking bail from them to keep the peace; he was the only peer to dissent from the motion declaring the existence of an Irish plot; and though believing in the guilt and voting for the death of Lord Stafford, he interceded, according to his own account, 3 with the king for him as well as for Langhorne and Plunket.
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  • But shortly afterwards they were all received into favour; "one became a colonel, another a knight, a third a peer."
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  • Grenfell was created a peer.
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