Palmyra sentence example
The earliest mention of Palmyra is in 2 Chron.
The language spoken at Palmyra was a dialect of western Aramaic, and belongs to the same group as Nabataean and the Aramaic spoken in Egypt.
The religion of Palmyra did not differ in essentials from that of the north Syrians and the Arab tribes of the eastern desert.
The chief god of the Palmyrenes was a solar deity, called Samas or Shamash (" sun "), or Bel, or Malak-bel,' whose great temple is still the most imposing feature among the ruins of Palmyra.
After its overthrow by Aurelian, Palmyra was partially revived as a military station by Diocletian (end of 3rd century A.D.), as we learn from a Latin inscription found on the site.Advertisement
References to Palmyra in later times have been collected by Quatremere, Sultans Mamlouks, ii.
The architecture was carefully studied by Wood and Dawkins in 1751, whose splendid folio (The Ruins of Palmyra, London, 1753) also gave copies of inscriptions.
The Pliocene deposits are not very widely spread and are generally of fresh-water origin excepting near the coast, but marine Pliocene beds have been found at el Forklus in the Palmyra desert.
Of these the principal are Karietein and Tadmor (Palmyra), through which passes the trade from Damascus to the east.
To this division Damascus and Palmyra belonged; occasionally they were reckoned to Coelesyria, the middle strip of coast being designated Syrophoenicia.Advertisement
In later times the cult of a god Satrapes occurs in Syrian inscriptions from Palmyra and the Hauran; by Pausanias vi.
That which comes into the European market as jaggery or khaur is obtained from the sap of several palms, the wild date (Phoenix sylvestris), the palmyra (Borassus flabellifer), the coco-nut (Cocos nucifera), the gomuti (Arenga saccharifera) and others.
The year when he became chief of Palmyra is not known, but already in an inscription dated A.D.
The neutrality which had made Palmyra's fortune was abandoned for an active military policy which, while it added to Odainath's fame, in a short time brought his native city to its ruin.
Among the chief productions of the plains are rice (the staple export of the country); pepper (chiefly from Chantabun); sirih, sago, sugar-cane, coco-nut and betel, Palmyra or sugar and attap palms; many forms of banana and other fruit, such as durian, orange-pommelo, guava, bread-fruit, mango, jack fruit, pine-apple, custard-apple and mangosteen.Advertisement
Among the rare big trees - found chiefly in the north-east - are baobab and palmyra and certain fruit trees, one bearing a pink plum.
He was certainly born farther east at Samosata, and may have owed his promotion in the Church to Zenobia, queen of Palmyra.
Zenobia, queen of Palmyra, after an unsuccesslul invasion, on a second attempt conquered Egypt, which she added to her empire, but lost it when.
The important part played by the mineral in the history of commerce and religion depends on this fact; at a very early stage of progress salt became a necessary of life to most nations, and in many cases they could procure it only from abroad, from the sea-coast, or from districts like that of Palmyra where salty incrustations are found on the surface of the soil.
In the end she was defeated, and there was nothing for it but to fall back upon Palmyra across the desert.Advertisement
A few months after the fall of Zenobia, Palmyra revolted again; Aurelian unexpectedly returned, destroyed the city, and this time showed no mercy to the population (spring, 273).
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Besides betel-nut (Areca Catechu), the palms of India include the coco-nut (Cocos nucifera), the bastard date (Phoenix sylvestris), the palmyra (Borassus flabellifer), and the true date (Phoenix dactylifera).
Spirit is also distilled from the palmyra, especially in the neighbourhood of Bombay and in the south-east of Madras.
Suleiman then made himself master of the treasury and fled with the caliph Ibrahim to Tadmor (Palmyra).Advertisement
Several springs are named after the serpent, and the sacred fountain of Ephca at Palmyra, whose guardian in the early Christian era was appointed by the god Yarlhibol, is still tenanted by a female serpent-demon which can impede its flow.
These characteristics were naturally emphasized in the Aramaic writing on papyrus which, beginning about 500 B.C., during the Persian sovereignty in Egypt, lasted on there till about zoo B.C. The gradual development of this script into the square Hebrew, and the more ornamental writing of Palmyra, may be traced in the works of Berger and Lidzbarski.'
On his way home he saw the great bird Rukh (evidently, from his description, an island lifted by refraction); revisited Sumatra, Malabar, Oman, Persia, Bagdad, and crossed the great desert to Palmyra and Damascus, where he got his first news of home, and heard of his father's death fifteen years before.
Other palm trees found are the date, bamboo, palmyra, coco and dom.
The jungle tribes collect gum from several varieties of trees, and in Sind the Forest Department derives a small revenue from lac. The palms of the presidency consist of cocoa-nut, date, palmyra and areca catechu.
It now became the capital of a jund, or military district, which under the Omayyad Caliphs extended from Palmyra to the sea.
Syrian region from the edge of the Antioch plain to Acre, with part of the eastern desert, dominated by his castle at Tadmor (Palmyra), and the important towns of Latakia, Tripoli, Beirut and Saida; and forming further ambitious designs, he intrigued with Christians and broke with the Turks.
Having thus secured the Rhine and Danube frontiers, he turned his energies towards the east, and in 271 set out on his expedition against Zenobia, queen of Palmyra.
It is the capital and the only considerable town of the Zor sanjak, formed in 1857, which includes Ras el -`Ain on the north and Palmyra on the south, with a total area of 32,820 sq.
Palmyra, judging from numismatic evidence, claimed the favour of Libra, Zeugma that of Capricorn; Leo protected Miletus, Sagittarius Singara.
Here the roads from Damascus, by way of Palmyra, and from Mosul, by way of the Khabur, reach the Euphrates, and here there must always have been a town of considerable commercial and strategic importance.
The date of the Chronicler may be placed about 300 B.C., so Palmyra must have been in existence long before then.
It is not till much later that Palmyra first appears in Western literature.
These tombs, which lie outside the city and overlook it from the surrounding hills, a feature characteristically Arabic, remain the most interesting monuments of Palmyra.
As a rule the buildings of Palmyra do not possess any architectural individuality, but these tombs are an exception.
The rise of Palmyra to a position of political importance may be dated from the time when the Romans established themselves on the Syrian coast.
It was the Parthian wars of the 3rd century which brought Palmyra to the front, and for a brief period raised her to an almost.
The fortunes of Palmyra now passed into the vigorous hands of Zenobia, who had been actively supporting her husband in his policy.
Under Odenathus Palmyra had extended her sway over Syria and Arabia, perhaps also over Armenia, Cilicia and Cappadocia; but now the troops of Zenobia, numbering it is said 70,000, proceeded to occupy Egypt; the Romans under Probus resisted vigorously but without avail, and by the beginning of A.D.
For other references to Palmyra (called Tarmod) in the Talmud see Neubauer Geogr.
At length Aurelian arrived before the walls of Palmyra, which was captured probably in the spring of A.D.
Palmyra was destroyed and the population put to the sword.
Palmyra, of which we hear nothing before Roman times, is a notable instance.
Palmyra also possessed the character of a religious centre, with the worship of the Sungod dominating that of inferior deities.