How to use Otitis in a sentence
There is very often concurrent sinusitis or otitis media (6090% of cases ).
Doctors treating chronic otitis media (or glue ear) often puncture the eardrum on purpose to drain pus from the middle ear.
Of the 168 with no parental concern 119 passed our first test, but 81 of these had serous otitis media.
Fevers are caused in most cases by viral or bacterial infections, such as otitis media (ear infection), upper respiratory infection, pharyngitis (throat infection), pneumonia, chickenpox, and urinary tract infection.
Antihistamines and decongestants have also been used to treat otitis media, but they have not been proven effective unless the child also has hay fever or some other allergic inflammation that contributes to the ear problem.Advertisement
Although doctors in the past sometimes removed the child's tonsils or adenoids to treat recurrent otitis media with effusion, this practice is not recommended as of the early 2000s.
These potential complications against the risks of language delay, possible learning problems, or hearing loss resulting from chronic otitis media.
Acute otitis media-Inflammation of the middle ear with signs of infection lasting less than three months.
Chronic otitis media-Inflammation of the middle ear with signs of infection lasting three months or longer.
As early as three months of age, however, the SCID child begins to suffer from mouth infections (thrush), chronic diarrhea, otitis media, and pulmonary infections, including pneumocystis pneumonia.Advertisement
Mastoiditis is usually a consequence of a middle ear infection called acute otitis media (AOM).
Developing countries have a higher incidence of mastoiditis, presumably resulting from untreated otitis media.
Middle ear infection (otitis media) is the most common cause of perforation of the eardrum.
Conductive hearing impairment is most often caused by otitis media, an infection of the middle ear.
About 20 percent of children have an episode of acute otitis media every year.Advertisement
Otitis media is more common among children of Eskimo or Native American descent and among children whose parents smoke.
Chronic secretory otitis media, also called otitis media with effusion or suppurative otitis media, is the most common cause of temporary hearing impairment in children under eight.
Children develop otitis media because the eustachian tubes that connect the middle ear with the back of the mouth and equalize air pressure and drain fluid are small and easily obstructed.
Acute otitis media can result from a respiratory infection such as a cold that causes an inflammation that blocks a eustachian tube.
If the blockage persists it causes chronic secretory otitis media, the most common cause of conductive hearing impairment in children.Advertisement
A painful earache and temporary hearing impairment in one ear are common symptoms of acute otitis media.
The symptoms of secretory otitis media develop gradually and fluctuate.
Otitis media sometimes runs in families, indicating that there may be a hereditary component.
Second-hand smoke also is a risk factor for otitis media.
Secretory otitis media usually disappears without treatment.Advertisement
However, a procedure called myringotomy or tympanostomy may be used for recurrent acute otitis media or secretory otitis media that persists for several months.
Symptoms of acute otitis media usually disappear within a few days, although a ruptured eardrum may take several weeks to heal.
However, recurrent or chronic otitis media can result in ongoing moderate hearing impairment, often at a stage in which hearing is essential for language development.
Screening for Hearing Loss and Otitis Media in Children.
Streptococci, meningococci, and Haemophilus influenzae, organisms that cause diseases such as otitis media, sinusitis, pneumonia, meningitis, osteomyelitis, septic arthritis, and sepsis, all make capsules.
Otitis externa refers to an infection of the ear canal (outer ear), the tube leading from the outside opening of the ear in towards the eardrum.
Otitis externa is commonly referred to as swimmer's ear.
Although all age groups are affected by otitis externa, children, adolescents, and young adults whose ears are exposed to persistent, excessive moisture develop the infection most often.
Otitis externa occurs most often in warm climates and during the summer months, when more people are participating in water activities.
Chidren and adolescents with otitis externa often have been diving or swimming for long periods of time, especially in polluted lakes, rivers, or ponds.
Routine showering can also lead to otitis externa.
Bacteria, fungi, and viruses have all been implicated in causing otitis externa.
However, most commonly otitis externa is caused by bacteria, especially Pseudomonas aeruginosa.
Other bacteria that can cause otitis externa include Enterobacter aerogenes, Proteus mirabilis, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Staphylococcus epidermidis, and bacteria of the family called Streptococci.
Occasionally, fungi may cause otitis externa.
Two types of viruses, called herpesvirus hominis and varicella-zoster virus, have also been identified as causing otitis externa.
Other conditions predisposing to otitis externa include the use of cotton swabs to clean the ear canals.
Hair spray or hair coloring, which can irritate the ear canal, may also lead to otitis externa.
The first symptom of otitis externa is often itching of the ear canal, followed by watery discharge from the ear.
In severe cases, otitis externa may be accompanied by fever.
A serious and life-threatening type of otitis externa is called malignant otitis externa.
In malignant otitis externa, a patient has usually had minor symptoms of otitis externa for some months, with pain and drainage.
Diagnosis of uncomplicated otitis externa is usually quite simple.
The symptoms alone, of ear pain worsened by any touch to the outer ear, are characteristic of otitis externa.
If there is a need to identify the types of organisms causing otitis externa, the canal can be gently swabbed to obtain a specimen.
If the rare infection malignant otitis externa is suspected, computed tomography scan (CT scan) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans will be performed to determine how widely the infection has spread within bone and tissue.
Otitis externa us usually not a dangerous condition and often clears up by itself within a few days.
If the otitis externa infection is caused by the presence of a foreign body in the ear, the infection will not improve until the foreign body is removed.
The prognosis is excellent for otitis externa, for it is usually easily treated.
Left untreated, malignant otitis externa may spread sufficiently to cause death.
Keeping the ear dry is an important aspect of prevention of otitis externa.
The most serious complications of malignant otitis externa can be avoided by careful attention to early symptoms of ear pain and drainage from the ear canal.
Labyrinthitis is an inflammation of the inner ear that is often a complication of infection of the middle ear (otitis media).
Research has found that pacifier use increases a child's risk of ear infections-acute otitis media, the second most common childhood illness after colds.
Approximately half of all preschool children have varying hearing loss from otitis media.
Otitis media is an infection of the middle ear, which is located behind the eardrum.
There are two main types of otitis media.
In the first, called acute otitis media (AOM), parts of the ear are infected and swollen, and fluid and mucus are trapped inside the ear.
In the second type, called otitis media with effusion (fluid), or OME, fluid and mucus remain trapped within the ear after the infection is over, making it more difficult for the ear to fight off new infections.
One of the most common childhood infections, Otitis media is the leading cause of visits to the doctor by children.
In order to fully understand otitis media, it is helpful to have a basic knowledge of ear anatomy.
There are certain factors particular to children that make them more at risk for otitis media.
It is estimated that $3 to $4 billion are spent per year on patients with a diagnosis of acute otitis media and related complications.
Otitis media occurs more frequently in winter and early spring.
Some studies show a genetic predisposition towards developing otitis media.
The first precondition for the development of acute otitis media is exposure to an organism capable of causing the infection.
Otitis media may be caused by either viruses or bacteria.
Acute otitis media often occurs as an aftereffect of upper respiratory infections, in which the eustachian tube and nasal membranes become swollen and congested.
Otitis media with effusion may develop within weeks of an acute episode of middle ear infection, but in many cases the cause is unknown.
Otitis media with effusion (OME) is the presence of middle ear fluid for six weeks or longer after the initial episode of acute otitis media.
For this reason, OME is often referred to as silent otitis media.
Unresolved episodes of otitis media may lead to a variety of complications, including hearing loss and dizziness.
Otitis media with effusion can be more difficult to detect, since it is not painful and the child usually does not appear ill.
Occasionally, an "observation option" will be used in a child who has uncomplicated acute otitis media.
Most cases of otitis media with effusion get better within three months without any treatment.
Removing the adenoids has been shown to help some children with otitis media between the ages of four to eight.
It is a procedure generally reserved for those children who have recurrent otitis media after myringotomy tubes are extruded.
Parent should inform their doctor if they are using any alternative or unconventional methods to treat their child's otitis media.
The prognosis of acute otitis media is excellent.
Breastfeeding helps to pass along immunities to a child that may prevent otitis media.
Because multiple upper respiratory infections may increase the risk for acute otitis media, reducing the exposure to large groups of children, particularly in daycare centers, may reduce the incidence.
A common concern among parents has been whether recurring episodes of otitis media will cause impairments in their child's development.
Research indicates that persistent otitis media in the first three years of life does not have an adverse effect on development.
Secondary bacterial infection may lead to middle ear infection (otitis media), bronchitis, pneumonia, sinus infection, or strep throat.
In cases of external otitis (ear disease) your veterinary surgeon will probably prescribe an antibiotic preparation.
See also Otitis media (middle ear infection).