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orkney

orkney Sentence Examples

  • (that of the Orkney Islands and northern Labrador).

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  • He had annihilated the petty kings of the South, had crushed the aristocracy, enforced the acceptance of Christianity throughout the kingdom, asserted his suzerainty in the Orkney Islands, had humbled the king of Sweden and married his daughter in his despite, and had conducted a successful raid on Denmark.

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  • JAMES HEPBURN BOTHWELL, 4TH Earl Of, duke of Orkney and Shetland (c. 1536-1578), husband of Mary, queen of Scots, son of Patrick, 3rd earl of Bothwell, and of Agnes, daughter of Henry, Lord Sinclair, was born about 1536.

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  • On the 12th Bothwell was created duke of Orkney and Shetland and the marriage took place on the 15th according to the Protestant usage, the Roman Catholic rite being performed, according to some accounts, afterwards in addition.'

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  • Subsequently Bothwell left Dunbar for the north, visited Orkney and Shetland, and in July placed himself at the head of a band of pirates, and after eluding all attempts to capture him, arrived at Karm Sound in Norway.

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  • of Kirkwall, in Orkney, and 340 m.

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  • The houses, mostly white with coloured roofs, are generally built of wood and iron, and have glazed porches, gay with fuchsias and pelargoniums. Government House, grey, stone-built and slated, calls to mind a manse in Shetland or Orkney.

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  • Skene's view is that it chronicles the struggle in 900 between Sigurd, earl of Orkney, and Maelbrigd, Maormor of Moray.

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  • (Norse Sudr-eyjar, Sudreys, or southern isles, in distinction from Nordr-eyjar, the northern isles of Orkney and Shetland) and the Isle of Man.

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  • Nearly all the parishes in Argyll, Inverness, Ross, Cromarty, Sutherland, Caithness and Orkney and Shetland answer to this description.

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  • The white and black varieties of this species were cultivated in England and Scotland from remote times, and are still grown as a crop in Orkney and Shetland.

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  • It consists of an archipelago of islands and islets, over loo in number, situated to the north-east of Orkney, between 59 50 and 60° 52' N.

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  • There has been no agricultural advance corresponding to that which has taken place in Orkney, mainly owing to the poverty and insufficiency of the soil.

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  • The ruins of the castle built in 1600 by Patrick Stewart, earl of Orkney, stand at the east end of the bay and are in good preservation.

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  • On the west side of the Bard is the Orkney Man's Cave - a great cavern with fine stalactites and a remarkable echo.

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  • Near the south-eastern promontory stands Muness Castle, now in ruins, built in 1598 - according to an inscription on a tablet above the door - by Laurence Bruce, natural brother to Lord Robert Stewart, 1st earl of Orkney.

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  • Farther north, at the head of a small bay, lies Haroldswick, where Harold Haarfager is believed to have landed in 872, when he annexed the Orkney and Shetland Islands to Norway.

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  • Shetland unites with Orkney to return a member to parliament.

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  • It forms a sheriffdom with Orkney and Caithness, and there is a resident sheriff-substitute at Lerwick, the county town.

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  • Henceforward the history of Shetland is scarcely separable from that of Orkney (q.v.).

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  • George Low (1747-1795), the naturalist and historian of Orkney, who made a tour through Shetland in 1774, described a Runic monument which he saw in the churchyard of Crosskirk, in Northmavine parish (Mainland), and several fragments of Norse swords, shield bosses and brooches have been dug up from time to time.

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  • See George Low, Tour through the Islands of Orkney and Shetland in 1774 (published in 1879); A.

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  • The chapel, higher up the bank, a relic of great beauty, was founded in 1446 by William St Clair, 3rd earl of Orkney.

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  • STROMNESS, a police burgh and seaport, in the island of Pomona, county of Orkney, Scotland.

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  • KIRKWALL (Norse, Kirkjuvagr, " church bay"), a royal, municipal and police burgh, seaport and capital of the Orkney Islands, county of Orkney, Scotland.

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  • 1614), 1st and 2nd earls of Orkney, and others, the Scottish xv.

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  • 1400), earl and prince of Orkney and 1st earl of Caithness, its last vestiges having been demolished in 1865 to provide better access to the harbour; and the earthwork to the east of the town thrown up by the Cromwellians has been converted into a battery of the Orkney Artillery Volunteers.

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  • To the east of the remains of the bishop's palace are the ruins of the earl's palace, a structure in the Scottish Baronial style, built about 1600 for Patrick Stewart, 2nd earl of Orkney, and on his forfeiture given to the bishops for a residence.

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  • Tankerness House is a characteristic example of the mansion of an Orkney laird of the olden time.

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  • In September 1883 Tennyson and Gladstone set out on a voyage round the north of Scotland, to Orkney, and across the ocean to Norway and Denmark.

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  • He was an unfaithful husband and often treated his wife with scant consideration; he was too fond of Dutch favourites like Keppel or worthless women like Lady Orkney.

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  • Walganus, Walwanus; Dutch, Walwein, Welsh, Gwalchmci), son of King Loth of Orkney, and nephew to Arthur on his mother's side, the most famous hero of Arthurian romance.

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  • DAVID LESLIE NEWARK, Lord (1601-1682), Scottish general, was born in 1601, the fifth son of Sir Patrick Leslie of Pitcairly, Fifeshire, commendator of Lindores, and Lady Jean Stuart, daughter of the 1st earl of Orkney.

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  • On the 20th of August 1589, in spite of Queen Elizabeth's opposition, she was married by proxy to King James, without dower, the alliance, however, settling definitely the Scottish claims to the Orkney and Shetland Islands.

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  • been reported nearer the coasts of Europe than off the Orkney Islands, and there only once, in 1836.

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  • He was an ardent partisan of the Douglases, and on their overthrow retired to Orkney and later to Shetland.

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  • Mention is made of incursions of the vikings as early as 793, but the principal immigration took place towards the end of the 9th century in the early part of the reign of Harald Fairhair, king of Norway, and consisted of persons driven to the Hebrides, as well as to Orkney and Shetland, to escape from his tyrannous rule.

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  • Soon afterwards they began to make incursions against their mother-country, and on this account Harald fitted out an expedition against them, and placed Orkney, Shetland, the Hebrides and the Isle of Man under Norwegian government.

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  • Magnus, son of Haakon, concluded in 1266 a peace with the Scots, renouncing all claim to the Hebrides and other islands except Orkney and Shetland, and Alexander III.

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  • ORKNEY ISLANDS, a group of islands, forming a county, off the north coast of Scotland.

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  • Orkney unites with Shetland to send one member to parliament, and Kirkwall, the county town and the only royal burgh, is one of the Wick district groups of parliamentary burghs.

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  • Orkney forms a sheriffdom with Shetland and Caithness, and a resident sheriff-substitute sits at Kirkwall.

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  • Flotta (372), east of Hoy, was the home for a long time of the Scandinavian compiler of the Codex Flotticensis, which furnished Thorrnodr Torfaeus (1636-1719), the Icelandic antiquary, with many of the facts for his History of Norway, more particularly with reference to the Norse occupation of Orkney.

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  • In 1471 James bestowed the castle and lands of Ravenscraig in Fife on William, earl of Orkney, in exchange for all his rights to the earldom of Orkney, which, by act of parliament passed on the 20th of February of the same year, was annexed to the Scottish crown.

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  • In 1564 Lord Robert Stewart, natural son of James V., who had visited Kirkwall twenty-four years before, was made sheriff of the Orkneys and Shetlands, and received possession of the estates of the udallers; in 1581 he was created earl of Orkney by James IV., the charter being ratified ten years later to his son Patrick, but in 1615 the earldom was again annexed to the crown.

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  • When the islands were given as security for the princess's dowry, there seems reason to believe that it was intended to redeem the pledge, because it was then stipulated that the Norse system of government and the law of St Olaf should continue to be observed in Orkney and Shetland.

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  • Vigfusson, translated by Sir George Dasent (1887-1894), and the edition of Dr Joseph Anderson (1873); James Wallace, Account of the Islands of Orkney (1700; new ed., 1884); George Low, Tour through the Islands of Orkney and Shetland in 1774 (1879); G.

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  • Barry, History of Orkney (1805, 1867); Daniel Gorrie, Summers and Winters in the Orkneys (1868); D.

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  • Fergusson, The Brochs and Rude Stone Monuments of the Orkney Islands (1877); J.

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  • Craven, History of the Episcopal Church in Orkney (1883); J.

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  • Tudor, Orkney and Shetland (1883).

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  • HOY (Norse Haey, " high island"), the second largest island of the Orkneys, county of Orkney, Scotland.

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  • About the same time, and largely owing to the exertions of Olaf, Iceland, Greenland and the Orkney and Shetland islands were also evangelized.

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  • Lest her captivity should have been held to invalidate the late legal proceedings in her name, proclamation was made of forgiveness accorded by the queen to her captor in consideration of his past and future services, and her intention was announced to reward them by further promotion; and on the same day (May 12), he was duly created duke of Orkney and Shetland.

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  • Earl of Orkney >>

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  • WILLIAM BALFOUR BAIKIE (1824-1864), Scottish explorer, naturalist and philologist, eldest son of Captain John Baikie, R.N., was born at Kirkwall, Orkney, on the 21st of August 1824.

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  • He was also the author of various works concerning Orkney and Shetland.

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  • During 1663 he was made duke of Orkney, duke of Monmouth and knight of the Garter, and received honorary degrees at both universities; and on his marriage he and his wife were created duke and duchess of Buccleuch, and he took the surname of Scott.

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  • SCOTLAND, the name given in modern times to that portion of Great Britain which lies north of the English boundary; it also comprises the Outer and Inner Hebrides and other islands off the west coast, and the Orkney and Shetland islands off the north coast.

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  • However, the highest cliffs are found among the Shetland and Orkney Islands.

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  • The sea-wall of Foula, in Shetland, and the western front of Hoy, in Orkney, rise like walls to heights of 1100 or 1200 ft.

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  • Thus the Old Man of Hoy in Orkney is a huge column of yellow sandstone between 400 and 500 ft.

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  • The Lower, with its abundant intercalated lavas and tuffs, extends continuously as a broad belt along the northern margin of the Central Plain, reappears in detached tracts along the southern border, is found again on the south side of the Uplands in Berwickshire and the Cheviot Hills, occupies a tract of Lorne (Oban and the vicinity) in Argyllshire, and on the north side of the Highlands underlies most of the low ground on both sides of the Moray Firth, stretches across Caithness and through nearly the whole of the Orkney Islands, and is prolonged into Shetland.

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  • The Lower Old Red Sandstone is rich in remains of plants and fishes, notably in the flagstones of Caithness, Orkney and Forfarshire.

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  • In the northern, north-western and southern divisions the population declined during the decade, the fifteen counties thus affected being, in the order of decrease, beginning with the shire in which it was smallest, Inverness, Banff, Argyll, Kirkcudbright, Shetland, Sutherland, Dumfries, Ross and Cromarty, Clackmannan, Berwick, Orkney, Roxburgh, Caithness, Wigtown and Selkirk.

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  • Under the Congested Districts (Scotland) Act of 18 97, £35, 0 0 0 a year was devoted within certain districts of Argyll, Inverness, Ross and Cromarty, Sutherland, Caithness, Orkney and Shetland, to assisting migration, improving the breeds of live stock, building piers and boatslips, making roads and bridges, developing home industries, &c.

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  • The Scottish seaboard is divided for administrative purposes into twenty-seven fishery districts, namely, on the east coast, Eyemouth, Leith, Anstruther, Montrose, Stonehaven, Aberdeen, Peterhead, Fraserburgh, Banff, Buckie, Findhorn, Cromarty, Helmsdale, Lybster, Wick (15); on the north, Orkney, Shetland (2); on the west, Stornoway, Barra, Loch Broom, Loch Carron and Skye, Fort William, Campbeltown, Inverary, Rothesay, Greenock, Ballantrae (10).

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  • With the exception of the counties of Orkney, Shetland, Caithness, Sutherland and Inverness, granite is quarried in every shire in Scotland, but the industry predominates in Aberdeenshire, and is of considerable importance in Kirkcudbrightshire; limestone is quarried in half of the counties, but especially in Midlothian and Fife; large quantities of paving-stones are exported from Caithness and Forfarshire, and there are extensive slate quarries at Ballachulish and other places in Argyllshire, which furnishes three-fourths of the total supply.

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  • For parliamentary purposes some counties have been united, as Clackmannan and Kinross, Elgin and Nairn, Orkney and Shetland, and Peebles and Selkirk, and others divided, as Aberdeen, Ayr, Lanark, Perth and Renfrew, while others retain in certain respects their old subdivision, Lanarkshire for assessment purposes being still partitioned into the upper, middle and lower wards.

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  • In July 1469 James, then about eighteen, married Margaret, daughter of King Christian of Norway, who pledged the Orkney and Shetland Isles for her dowry, which remains unpaid.

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  • He sought to increase the influence of his archbishopric, sent missionaries to Finland, Greenland and the Orkney Islands, and aimed at making Bremen a patriarchal see for northern Europe, with twelve suffragan bishoprics.

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  • ...1616-1617Samuel Argall,Lieutenant or Deputy Governor1617-1619Nathaniel Powell, Acting Governor 1619(April 9 to 19) Sir George Yeardley, Governor..1619-1621Sir Francis Wyatt,.1621-1624George Hamilton Douglas, Earl of Orkney, Governor-in-Chief.

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  • The Isles now lay at Alexander's feet, and in 1266 Haakon's successor concluded a treaty by which the Isle of Man and the Western Isles were ceded to Scotland in return for a money payment, Orkney and Shetland alone being retained.

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  • east of the South Shetlands, bears the name of South Orkney.

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  • 2 Lyrie appears to be the most common local name for this bird in Orkney and Shetland; but Scraib and Scraber are also used in Scotland.

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  • Among them were Earl Hrollaug (half-brother of Hrolf Ganger and of the first earl of Orkney), Hialti, Hrafnkell Frey's priest, and the sons of Asbiorn.

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  • The complex work now known as Orkneyinga is made up of the Earls' Saga, lives of the first great earls, Turf-Einar, Thorfinn, &c.; the Life of St Magnus, founded partly on Abbot Robert's Latin life of him (c. 1150) an Orkney work, partly on Norse or Icelandic biographies; a Mirade-book of the same saint; the Lives of Earl Rognwald and Sveyn, the last of the vikings, and a few episodes such as the Burning of Bishop Adam.

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  • There is more than one meaning of Orkney discussed in the 1911 Encyclopedia.

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  • Sigtrygg secured promises of assistance from Sigurd, earl of Orkney, and Brodir of Man.

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  • In the spring of 1014 Maelmorda and Sigtrygg had collected a considerable army in Dublin, consisting of contingents from all the Scandinavian settlements in the west in addition to Maelmorda's own Leinster forces, the whole being commanded by Sigurd, earl of Orkney.

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  • This included the abattoir operated by Orkney Meat, Orkney Auction Mart and the new Orkney Cheese creamery.

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  • audition tape with a view of the Orkney coast.

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  • lottery cash for Orkney groups Two Orkney groups will benefit from a package of Lottery grants announced on Friday.

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  • police launch crackdown on drug dealers Orkney police have launched a two-week crackdown on drug dealers.

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  • On Orkney is the world's northernmost scotch whiskey distillery, Highland Park.

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  • dividend payment in Orkney, which is also the largest in the UK, goes to the Queen's Hotel in Kirkwall.

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  • partial solar eclipse visible from Orkney The clouds parted just long enough for a view of Monday morning's partial eclipse of the sun.

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  • SEPA said they had granted consent for Orkney Cheese Company to discharge effluent into Kirkwall Bay from the new creamery.

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  • Orkney Islands Council convener, Hugh Halcro-Johnston, performed the metal cutting ceremony on the 125-metre ro-ro ferry Hrossey.

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  • full-scale pre-production prototype will be tested at the proposed UK Marine Energy Test Center in Orkney.

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  • Hoy is the only island in Orkney where you can see grasshoppers.

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  • grindss coarsely ground peppercorns onto an Orkney Island Gold Filet.

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  • grindss coarsely ground peppercorns onto an Orkney Island Gold Filet.

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  • harrier population on the Orkney Island, Scotland.

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  • Could the hen harrier decline on Orkney be due to a shortage of food?

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  • Choose from Orkney cheese, smoked salmon, hot cured salmon or marinated herring, to further enhance that local flavor.

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  • hie launches wireless broadband company The non-profit company that will bring broadband to Orkney was launched today.

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  • inspiration from the many landscapes, changing skies and wildlife of the Orkney Islands.

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  • This left two ferries covering the North Isles, a situation that stretched Orkney Ferries resources and left many islanders unhappy with the service.

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  • With his wife, Elizabeth, he runs the Orkney Angora mail order knitwear business in Sanday, Orkney.

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  • merchant lairds of Long Ago: being studies of farming and trading conditions in Orkney in the early 18th Century: by Hugh Marwick.

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  • Orkney police said they were concerned over the disappearance of an eccentric loner living rough on Hoy.

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  • Off the north coast of the Scottish mainland lies Orkney - a very lush green set of Islands.

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  • The Orkney Isles lie within sight of the northern shores of the Scottish mainland.

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  • Orkney maritime museum on the cards Orkney could get its own maritime museum, with the OIC looking at three possible sites.

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  • Britain's greatest soldier, Lord Kitchener, died on the cruiser HMS Hampshire, sunk by mines off Orkney's west coast in 1916.

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  • In Orkney, massive monoliths are dragged many miles from different sources to compose a circle.

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  • burnt mounds are common in Orkney, with more than 200 having been identified.

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  • Mike Parker Pearson and Colin Richards late Neolithic Orcadian houses The Orkney Isles lie off the most northern tip of the British mainland.

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  • The excavation produced one of Orkney's most distinctive archeological discoveries - the Scar whalebone plaque.

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  • presbytery in the synod of Orkney.

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  • The site will eventually be home to the women's refuge, which will be run by Women's Aid Orkney.

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  • The oldest surviving relic is the 1623 gravestone to Jane, daughter of George Graham, Bishop of Orkney.

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  • Orkney's sharp shooters claimed the county's first medal at the island games in Shetland.

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  • partial solar eclipse visible from Orkney The clouds parted just long enough for a view of Monday morning's partial eclipse of the sun.

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  • southwesterly wind blowing - it's the Orkney forecast.

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  • Two Orkney golfers have won the Scottish champions title in the biggest competition for club golfers in the world.

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  • Orkney and Shetland are to get all year round salvage tug cover from next year.

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  • twentieth birthday of Orkney Vintage Club.

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  • beluga whale in Orkney On Friday 15th July, a beluga or white whale was spotted from a plane east of Westray in Orkney.

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  • Housing windfall for OIC Orkney Islands Council has received a £ 3 million pound windfall for housing.

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  • (that of the Orkney Islands and northern Labrador).

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  • Of the Indian half-breeds, one half are of English-speaking parentage, and chiefly of Orkney origin; the remainder are known as Metis or Bois-briiles, and are descended from French-Canadian voyageurs.

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  • He had annihilated the petty kings of the South, had crushed the aristocracy, enforced the acceptance of Christianity throughout the kingdom, asserted his suzerainty in the Orkney Islands, had humbled the king of Sweden and married his daughter in his despite, and had conducted a successful raid on Denmark.

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  • JAMES HEPBURN BOTHWELL, 4TH Earl Of, duke of Orkney and Shetland (c. 1536-1578), husband of Mary, queen of Scots, son of Patrick, 3rd earl of Bothwell, and of Agnes, daughter of Henry, Lord Sinclair, was born about 1536.

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  • On the 12th Bothwell was created duke of Orkney and Shetland and the marriage took place on the 15th according to the Protestant usage, the Roman Catholic rite being performed, according to some accounts, afterwards in addition.'

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  • Subsequently Bothwell left Dunbar for the north, visited Orkney and Shetland, and in July placed himself at the head of a band of pirates, and after eluding all attempts to capture him, arrived at Karm Sound in Norway.

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  • of Kirkwall, in Orkney, and 340 m.

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  • The houses, mostly white with coloured roofs, are generally built of wood and iron, and have glazed porches, gay with fuchsias and pelargoniums. Government House, grey, stone-built and slated, calls to mind a manse in Shetland or Orkney.

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  • Skene's view is that it chronicles the struggle in 900 between Sigurd, earl of Orkney, and Maelbrigd, Maormor of Moray.

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  • (Norse Sudr-eyjar, Sudreys, or southern isles, in distinction from Nordr-eyjar, the northern isles of Orkney and Shetland) and the Isle of Man.

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  • Nearly all the parishes in Argyll, Inverness, Ross, Cromarty, Sutherland, Caithness and Orkney and Shetland answer to this description.

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  • The white and black varieties of this species were cultivated in England and Scotland from remote times, and are still grown as a crop in Orkney and Shetland.

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  • It consists of an archipelago of islands and islets, over loo in number, situated to the north-east of Orkney, between 59 50 and 60° 52' N.

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  • There has been no agricultural advance corresponding to that which has taken place in Orkney, mainly owing to the poverty and insufficiency of the soil.

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  • The ruins of the castle built in 1600 by Patrick Stewart, earl of Orkney, stand at the east end of the bay and are in good preservation.

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  • On the west side of the Bard is the Orkney Man's Cave - a great cavern with fine stalactites and a remarkable echo.

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  • Near the south-eastern promontory stands Muness Castle, now in ruins, built in 1598 - according to an inscription on a tablet above the door - by Laurence Bruce, natural brother to Lord Robert Stewart, 1st earl of Orkney.

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  • Farther north, at the head of a small bay, lies Haroldswick, where Harold Haarfager is believed to have landed in 872, when he annexed the Orkney and Shetland Islands to Norway.

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  • Shetland unites with Orkney to return a member to parliament.

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  • It forms a sheriffdom with Orkney and Caithness, and there is a resident sheriff-substitute at Lerwick, the county town.

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  • Henceforward the history of Shetland is scarcely separable from that of Orkney (q.v.).

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  • George Low (1747-1795), the naturalist and historian of Orkney, who made a tour through Shetland in 1774, described a Runic monument which he saw in the churchyard of Crosskirk, in Northmavine parish (Mainland), and several fragments of Norse swords, shield bosses and brooches have been dug up from time to time.

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  • See George Low, Tour through the Islands of Orkney and Shetland in 1774 (published in 1879); A.

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  • The chapel, higher up the bank, a relic of great beauty, was founded in 1446 by William St Clair, 3rd earl of Orkney.

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  • STROMNESS, a police burgh and seaport, in the island of Pomona, county of Orkney, Scotland.

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  • The tour includes Black Craig (400 ft.), on which the schooner "Star of Dundee" was wrecked in 1834; the grand stacks of North Gaulton Castle and Yesnaby Castle; the Hole of Row, a natural arch carved out by the ocean; Birsay, where are the ruins of the palace built by Robert Stewart, earl of Orkney (d.

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  • KIRKWALL (Norse, Kirkjuvagr, " church bay"), a royal, municipal and police burgh, seaport and capital of the Orkney Islands, county of Orkney, Scotland.

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  • 1614), 1st and 2nd earls of Orkney, and others, the Scottish xv.

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  • 1400), earl and prince of Orkney and 1st earl of Caithness, its last vestiges having been demolished in 1865 to provide better access to the harbour; and the earthwork to the east of the town thrown up by the Cromwellians has been converted into a battery of the Orkney Artillery Volunteers.

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  • To the east of the remains of the bishop's palace are the ruins of the earl's palace, a structure in the Scottish Baronial style, built about 1600 for Patrick Stewart, 2nd earl of Orkney, and on his forfeiture given to the bishops for a residence.

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  • Tankerness House is a characteristic example of the mansion of an Orkney laird of the olden time.

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  • In September 1883 Tennyson and Gladstone set out on a voyage round the north of Scotland, to Orkney, and across the ocean to Norway and Denmark.

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  • He was an unfaithful husband and often treated his wife with scant consideration; he was too fond of Dutch favourites like Keppel or worthless women like Lady Orkney.

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  • Walganus, Walwanus; Dutch, Walwein, Welsh, Gwalchmci), son of King Loth of Orkney, and nephew to Arthur on his mother's side, the most famous hero of Arthurian romance.

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  • DAVID LESLIE NEWARK, Lord (1601-1682), Scottish general, was born in 1601, the fifth son of Sir Patrick Leslie of Pitcairly, Fifeshire, commendator of Lindores, and Lady Jean Stuart, daughter of the 1st earl of Orkney.

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  • On the 20th of August 1589, in spite of Queen Elizabeth's opposition, she was married by proxy to King James, without dower, the alliance, however, settling definitely the Scottish claims to the Orkney and Shetland Islands.

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  • been reported nearer the coasts of Europe than off the Orkney Islands, and there only once, in 1836.

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  • He was an ardent partisan of the Douglases, and on their overthrow retired to Orkney and later to Shetland.

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  • Mention is made of incursions of the vikings as early as 793, but the principal immigration took place towards the end of the 9th century in the early part of the reign of Harald Fairhair, king of Norway, and consisted of persons driven to the Hebrides, as well as to Orkney and Shetland, to escape from his tyrannous rule.

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  • Soon afterwards they began to make incursions against their mother-country, and on this account Harald fitted out an expedition against them, and placed Orkney, Shetland, the Hebrides and the Isle of Man under Norwegian government.

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  • Magnus, son of Haakon, concluded in 1266 a peace with the Scots, renouncing all claim to the Hebrides and other islands except Orkney and Shetland, and Alexander III.

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  • ORKNEY ISLANDS, a group of islands, forming a county, off the north coast of Scotland.

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  • Orkney unites with Shetland to send one member to parliament, and Kirkwall, the county town and the only royal burgh, is one of the Wick district groups of parliamentary burghs.

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  • Orkney forms a sheriffdom with Shetland and Caithness, and a resident sheriff-substitute sits at Kirkwall.

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  • Flotta (372), east of Hoy, was the home for a long time of the Scandinavian compiler of the Codex Flotticensis, which furnished Thorrnodr Torfaeus (1636-1719), the Icelandic antiquary, with many of the facts for his History of Norway, more particularly with reference to the Norse occupation of Orkney.

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  • Carrick village, once a burgh of barony, with salt pans and other manufactures, was named after the earl of Carrick, brother of Patrick Stewart, 2nd earl of Orkney (d.

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  • In 1471 James bestowed the castle and lands of Ravenscraig in Fife on William, earl of Orkney, in exchange for all his rights to the earldom of Orkney, which, by act of parliament passed on the 20th of February of the same year, was annexed to the Scottish crown.

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  • In 1564 Lord Robert Stewart, natural son of James V., who had visited Kirkwall twenty-four years before, was made sheriff of the Orkneys and Shetlands, and received possession of the estates of the udallers; in 1581 he was created earl of Orkney by James IV., the charter being ratified ten years later to his son Patrick, but in 1615 the earldom was again annexed to the crown.

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  • When the islands were given as security for the princess's dowry, there seems reason to believe that it was intended to redeem the pledge, because it was then stipulated that the Norse system of government and the law of St Olaf should continue to be observed in Orkney and Shetland.

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  • Vigfusson, translated by Sir George Dasent (1887-1894), and the edition of Dr Joseph Anderson (1873); James Wallace, Account of the Islands of Orkney (1700; new ed., 1884); George Low, Tour through the Islands of Orkney and Shetland in 1774 (1879); G.

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  • Barry, History of Orkney (1805, 1867); Daniel Gorrie, Summers and Winters in the Orkneys (1868); D.

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  • Fergusson, The Brochs and Rude Stone Monuments of the Orkney Islands (1877); J.

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  • Craven, History of the Episcopal Church in Orkney (1883); J.

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  • Tudor, Orkney and Shetland (1883).

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  • HOY (Norse Haey, " high island"), the second largest island of the Orkneys, county of Orkney, Scotland.

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  • About the same time, and largely owing to the exertions of Olaf, Iceland, Greenland and the Orkney and Shetland islands were also evangelized.

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  • Lest her captivity should have been held to invalidate the late legal proceedings in her name, proclamation was made of forgiveness accorded by the queen to her captor in consideration of his past and future services, and her intention was announced to reward them by further promotion; and on the same day (May 12), he was duly created duke of Orkney and Shetland.

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  • Earl of Orkney >>

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  • WILLIAM BALFOUR BAIKIE (1824-1864), Scottish explorer, naturalist and philologist, eldest son of Captain John Baikie, R.N., was born at Kirkwall, Orkney, on the 21st of August 1824.

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  • He was also the author of various works concerning Orkney and Shetland.

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  • During 1663 he was made duke of Orkney, duke of Monmouth and knight of the Garter, and received honorary degrees at both universities; and on his marriage he and his wife were created duke and duchess of Buccleuch, and he took the surname of Scott.

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  • SCOTLAND, the name given in modern times to that portion of Great Britain which lies north of the English boundary; it also comprises the Outer and Inner Hebrides and other islands off the west coast, and the Orkney and Shetland islands off the north coast.

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  • However, the highest cliffs are found among the Shetland and Orkney Islands.

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  • The sea-wall of Foula, in Shetland, and the western front of Hoy, in Orkney, rise like walls to heights of 1100 or 1200 ft.

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  • Thus the Old Man of Hoy in Orkney is a huge column of yellow sandstone between 400 and 500 ft.

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  • The Lower, with its abundant intercalated lavas and tuffs, extends continuously as a broad belt along the northern margin of the Central Plain, reappears in detached tracts along the southern border, is found again on the south side of the Uplands in Berwickshire and the Cheviot Hills, occupies a tract of Lorne (Oban and the vicinity) in Argyllshire, and on the north side of the Highlands underlies most of the low ground on both sides of the Moray Firth, stretches across Caithness and through nearly the whole of the Orkney Islands, and is prolonged into Shetland.

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  • The Lower Old Red Sandstone is rich in remains of plants and fishes, notably in the flagstones of Caithness, Orkney and Forfarshire.

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  • In the northern, north-western and southern divisions the population declined during the decade, the fifteen counties thus affected being, in the order of decrease, beginning with the shire in which it was smallest, Inverness, Banff, Argyll, Kirkcudbright, Shetland, Sutherland, Dumfries, Ross and Cromarty, Clackmannan, Berwick, Orkney, Roxburgh, Caithness, Wigtown and Selkirk.

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  • Under the Congested Districts (Scotland) Act of 18 97, £35, 0 0 0 a year was devoted within certain districts of Argyll, Inverness, Ross and Cromarty, Sutherland, Caithness, Orkney and Shetland, to assisting migration, improving the breeds of live stock, building piers and boatslips, making roads and bridges, developing home industries, &c.

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  • The Scottish seaboard is divided for administrative purposes into twenty-seven fishery districts, namely, on the east coast, Eyemouth, Leith, Anstruther, Montrose, Stonehaven, Aberdeen, Peterhead, Fraserburgh, Banff, Buckie, Findhorn, Cromarty, Helmsdale, Lybster, Wick (15); on the north, Orkney, Shetland (2); on the west, Stornoway, Barra, Loch Broom, Loch Carron and Skye, Fort William, Campbeltown, Inverary, Rothesay, Greenock, Ballantrae (10).

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  • With the exception of the counties of Orkney, Shetland, Caithness, Sutherland and Inverness, granite is quarried in every shire in Scotland, but the industry predominates in Aberdeenshire, and is of considerable importance in Kirkcudbrightshire; limestone is quarried in half of the counties, but especially in Midlothian and Fife; large quantities of paving-stones are exported from Caithness and Forfarshire, and there are extensive slate quarries at Ballachulish and other places in Argyllshire, which furnishes three-fourths of the total supply.

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  • For parliamentary purposes some counties have been united, as Clackmannan and Kinross, Elgin and Nairn, Orkney and Shetland, and Peebles and Selkirk, and others divided, as Aberdeen, Ayr, Lanark, Perth and Renfrew, while others retain in certain respects their old subdivision, Lanarkshire for assessment purposes being still partitioned into the upper, middle and lower wards.

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  • In July 1469 James, then about eighteen, married Margaret, daughter of King Christian of Norway, who pledged the Orkney and Shetland Isles for her dowry, which remains unpaid.

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  • He wished to banish the Remonstrants to Orkney.

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  • JAMES RUSSELL LOWELL (1819-1891), American author and diplomatist, was born at Elmwood, in Cambridge, Massachusetts, on the 22nd of February 1819, the son of Charles Lowell (1.782-1861)J On his mother's side he was descended from the Spences and Traills, who made their home in the Orkney Islands, his great-grandfather, Robert Traill, returning to England on the breaking out of hostilities in 1775.

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  • He sought to increase the influence of his archbishopric, sent missionaries to Finland, Greenland and the Orkney Islands, and aimed at making Bremen a patriarchal see for northern Europe, with twelve suffragan bishoprics.

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  • ...1616-1617Samuel Argall,Lieutenant or Deputy Governor1617-1619Nathaniel Powell, Acting Governor 1619(April 9 to 19) Sir George Yeardley, Governor..1619-1621Sir Francis Wyatt,.1621-1624George Hamilton Douglas, Earl of Orkney, Governor-in-Chief.

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  • He left several bastards, among them James Stewart, earl of Murray (the regent Murray), Lord John Stewart (1531-1563) prior of Coldingham, and Lord Robert Stewart, earl of Orkney (d.

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  • The Isles now lay at Alexander's feet, and in 1266 Haakon's successor concluded a treaty by which the Isle of Man and the Western Isles were ceded to Scotland in return for a money payment, Orkney and Shetland alone being retained.

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  • east of the South Shetlands, bears the name of South Orkney.

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  • 2 Lyrie appears to be the most common local name for this bird in Orkney and Shetland; but Scraib and Scraber are also used in Scotland.

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  • Among them were Earl Hrollaug (half-brother of Hrolf Ganger and of the first earl of Orkney), Hialti, Hrafnkell Frey's priest, and the sons of Asbiorn.

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  • The complex work now known as Orkneyinga is made up of the Earls' Saga, lives of the first great earls, Turf-Einar, Thorfinn, &c.; the Life of St Magnus, founded partly on Abbot Robert's Latin life of him (c. 1150) an Orkney work, partly on Norse or Icelandic biographies; a Mirade-book of the same saint; the Lives of Earl Rognwald and Sveyn, the last of the vikings, and a few episodes such as the Burning of Bishop Adam.

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  • EPISCOPAL CHURCH OF SCOTLAND, a Scottish church (see above) in communion with, but historically distinct from, the Church of England, and composed of seven dioceses: Aberdeen and Orkney; Argyll and the Isles; Brechin; Edinburgh; Glasgow and Galloway; Moray, Ross and Caithness; and St Andrews, Dunkeld and Dunblane.

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  • There is more than one meaning of Orkney discussed in the 1911 Encyclopedia.

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  • Sigtrygg secured promises of assistance from Sigurd, earl of Orkney, and Brodir of Man.

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  • In the spring of 1014 Maelmorda and Sigtrygg had collected a considerable army in Dublin, consisting of contingents from all the Scandinavian settlements in the west in addition to Maelmorda's own Leinster forces, the whole being commanded by Sigurd, earl of Orkney.

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  • The site will eventually be home to the women 's refuge, which will be run by Women 's Aid Orkney.

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  • The oldest surviving relic is the 1623 gravestone to Jane, daughter of George Graham, Bishop of Orkney.

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  • John Rae, for example, positively relished the Orkney gales.

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  • The Ross - Pan fried supreme of chicken topped with an Orkney smoked cheese sauce on a bed of saffron rice.

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  • Orkney and Shetland are to get all year round salvage tug cover from next year.

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  • North Isles scallop fishing ban The first outbreak of algal bloom in Orkney this year to produce shellfish toxins was reported at the weekend.

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  • Orkney 's sharp shooters claimed the county 's first medal at the island games in Shetland.

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  • Today is looking a bit like drizzle or light rain with a southwesterly wind blowing - it's the Orkney forecast.

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  • Two Orkney golfers have won the Scottish champions title in the biggest competition for club golfers in the world.

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  • Orkney, a trilogy of films based on stories by Mackay Brown.

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  • Bertie Harvey NEWS FROM ORKNEY VINTAGE CLUB The 23rd of November, 2002, was the twentieth birthday of Orkney Vintage Club.

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  • Beluga whale in Orkney On Friday 15th July, a beluga or white whale was spotted from a plane east of Westray in Orkney.

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  • Mr Wallace said: The Orkney whitefish boats fish a significant proportion of the haddock quota.

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  • Housing windfall for OIC Orkney Islands Council has received a £ 3 million pound windfall for housing.

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  • Scapa Flow, Orkney Islands Scapa is a wreck divers paradise.

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