Oligomenorrhea sentence example

oligomenorrhea
  • See also Anorexia nervosa; Bulimia nervosa; Menstruation; Oligomenorrhea; Sports.

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  • Medical dictionaries define oligomenorrhea as infrequent or very light menstruation.

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  • But physicians typically apply a narrower definition, restricting the diagnosis of oligomenorrhea to women whose periods were regularly established before they developed problems with infrequent flow.

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  • With oligomenorrhea, menstrual periods occur at intervals of greater than 35 days, with only four to nine periods in a year.

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  • True oligomenorrhea cannot occur until a young woman's menstrual periods have been established.

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  • Oligomenorrhea can be redefined as amenorrhea if menstruation stops for six months or more; however, there is no universally agreed-upon cutoff point or timeline.

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  • Women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) are also likely to suffer from oligomenorrhea.

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  • Women with PCOS show menstrual irregularities that range from oligomenorrhea and amenorrhea to very heavy and irregular periods.

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  • Professional ballet dancers, gymnasts, and ice skaters are especially at risk for oligomenorrhea because they combine strenuous physical activity with a diet intended to keep their weight down.

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  • By definition, oligomenorrhea is a health concern only for women.

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  • It is estimated that about 5 percent of women in the United States in their childbearing years experience an episode of oligomenorrhea each year.

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  • Oligomenorrhea related to the female athlete triad is more common in this group of women than in the general female population.

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  • One study at the University of California at San Francisco found that 11 percent of female marathon runners had amenorrhea or oligomenorrhea.

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  • Oligomenorrhea that occurs in adolescents is often caused by immaturity or lack of synchronization between the hypothalamus, pituitary gland, and ovaries.

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  • Oligomenorrhea in PCOS is thought to be caused by inappropriate levels of both female and male hormones.

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  • In athletes, models, actresses, dancers, and women with anorexia nervosa, oligomenorrhea occurs because body fat drops too low compared to weight.

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  • Emotional stress related to performance anxiety may also be a factor in oligomenorrhea in these women.

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  • A young woman should see her doctor as soon as she notices that a previously regular menstrual pattern has become irregular; it is not necessary to wait six months or longer to have oligomenorrhea investigated.

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  • Diagnosis of oligomenorrhea begins with the patient informing the doctor about infrequent periods.

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  • A woman can assist the doctor in diagnosing the cause of oligomenorrhea by keeping a record of the time, frequency, length, and quantity of bleeding.

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  • To rule out specific causes of oligomenorrhea, the doctor may also order a pregnancy test in sexually active women and blood tests to check the level of thyroid hormone.

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  • In adolescents and women near menopause, oligomenorrhea usually needs no treatment.

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  • Most patients suffering from oligomenorrhea are treated with birth control pills.

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  • When oligomenorrhea is associated with an eating disorder or the female athlete triad, the underlying condition must be treated.

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  • Since homeopathy and acupuncture work on deep, energetic levels to rebalance the body, these two forms of therapy may be helpful in treating oligomenorrhea.

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  • Herbs used to treat oligomenorrhea include dong quai (Angelica sinensis), black cohosh (Cimicifuga racemosa), and chaste tree (Vitex agnus-castus).

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  • For some women, meditation, guided imagery, and visualization can play a role in the treatment of oligomenorrhea by relieving emotional stress.

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  • Many women, including those with PCOS, are successfully treated with hormones for oligomenorrhea.

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  • For women who do not respond to hormones or who continue to have an underlying condition that causes oligomenorrhea, the outlook is less positive.

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  • Women who have oligomenorrhea as teenagers may have difficulty becoming pregnant and may receive fertility drugs.

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  • Oligomenorrhea can become amenorrhea at any time, increasing the chance of having these complications.

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  • Oligomenorrhea is preventable only in women whose low body fat to weight ratio is keeping them from maintaining a regular menstrual cycle.

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  • Adequate nutrition and less vigorous training schedules for female athletes will normally prevent oligomenorrhea.

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  • When oligomenorrhea is caused by hormonal factors, however, it is not preventable, but is usually treatable.

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  • Oligomenorrhea in an adolescent should be investigated, however, if the girl is heavily involved in athletics or if she is otherwise at risk for developing an eating disorder.

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