In that rough age crimes of violence predominated, and the king's justiciars regularly perambulated the land in search of offenders, and decimated every village which refused to surrender fugitive criminals.
As in earlier times, offenders were punished by expulsion.
The system of forced loans was abolished and a 1 o% tax on real property introduced in its stead, and a law of amnesty for political offenders enacted.
The Druids claimed the dread power of excluding offenders from sacrifice (Caes.
Her father, who was excused attendance, had, however, been present at the trial of the other offenders, and had there declared his conviction of his daughter's guilt.
He disgraced or imprisoned the ringleaders, ordered Bernadotte (perhaps the fountain head of the whole affair) to take the waters at Plombieres and drove from office Fouche, who had sought to screen the real offenders by impugning the royalists.
These latest grabs started up last fall so I'm looking at prison releases of sex offenders and going over them one by one.
He thus saved himself, but his intercession on behalf of the other offenders was of no avail.
The Portuguese were even worse offenders, for in 1680 they made a settlement on the north of the river Plate, right opposite to Buenos Aires, named Colonia, which with one or two short intervals, remained.
Police.Broadly, the police of France may be divided into two great branchesadministrative police (la police administrative) and judicial police (la police judic-iaire), the former having for its object the maintenance of order, and the latter charged with tracing out offenders, collecting the proofs, and delivering the presumed offenders to the tribunals charged by law with their trial and punishment.
There are also reformatory establishments for juvenile offenders, and ddpDts de stireU for prisoners who are travelling, at places where there are no other prisons.
She was to hale the offenders to the palace, which implied an efficient and accessible police system.
In June 1675 he signed the paper of advice drawn up by the bishops for the king, urging the rigid enforcement of the laws against the Roman Catholics, their complete banishment from the court, and the suppression of conventicles, 2 and a bill introduced by him imposing special taxes on recusants and subjecting Roman Catholic priests to imprisonment for life was only thrown out as too lenient because it secured offenders from the charge of treason.
Incorrigible offenders on these matters were " left " to the secular power, to be corrected with due " animadversion."
The witan was also a court of justice, Earl Godwine and many other offenders receiving sentence of outlawry therein.
Boston was one of the first municipalities of the country to make provision for the separate treatment of juvenile offenders; in 1906 a juvenile court was established.
The archdeacon had thus become, on the one hand, the oculus episcopi, but on the other hand, armed as he was with powers of imposing penance and, in case of stubborn disobedience, of excommunicating offenders, his power tended more and more to grow at the bishop's expense.
The popes themselves were notorious offenders.
Wylde conjectures that it had become unsuitable for a royal seat by having acquired the status of a sacred city, and thus affording sanctuary to criminals and political offenders within the chief church and a considerable area round it, where there are various houses in which such persons can be lodged and entertained.
It has a large modern penitentiary, with a department for political offenders and a prison for women.
All the main line murderers, gangsters and gang bangers looked down on us sex offenders like puke on the sidewalk but the pecking order didn't stop there.
While I had no direct evidence the attendees were all registered sex offenders, the way they nodded and agreed at the mention of deviant sexual behavior made me feel I might be unique among like penitents.
Since the abolition of flogging in the services, the use of the cat is now restricted to certain classes of offenders in military prisons (Army Act 1881, § 133).
But a suspicion that he and Martina:had murdered Constantine led soon after to a revolt, and to the mutilation and banishment of the supposed offenders.
in height, are fortified by nine towers, one of which is a prison for both civil and ecclesiastical offenders.
For since the ministers of the Temple at Jerusalem were the aristocracy of the land, and were often, as we know both from the book of Malachi and from the history of the Maccabees, the chief offenders, it is extremely unlikely that they collected for the official services.
THE REVOLUTIONARY TRIBUNAL (le tribunal revolutionnaire), a court which was instituted in Paris by the Convention during the French Revolution for the trial of political offenders, and became one of the most powerful engines of the Terror.
Savonarola's programme of the new government was comprised in the following formula: - (r) fear of God and purification of manners; (2) promotion of the public welfare in preference to private interests; (3) a general amnesty to political offenders; (4) a council on the Venetian model, but with no doge.
north of the city is the State Industrial Home for Girls (1879), for the reformation of juvenile offenders between the ages of ten and seventeen.
The chief officer of this, as of other forests, was the justice in eyre who held the justice seat, the highest forest court and the only court of record capable of entering and executing judgments on offenders; the lower courts were the Swainmote and Wodemote, the former of which is still held, in a modified form, in the Verderers' Hall of the King's House at Lyndhurst.
Pressure was put by the German powers on Charles Augustus, grand-duke of Saxe-Weimar, in whose dominions Jena university was situated, to reprove and dismiss the offenders.
The penitentiaries are at Huntsville and Rusk, and there is a reform school for juvenile offenders at Gainesville.
ex, out of, away from; communis, common), the judicial exclusion of offenders from the rights and privileges of the religious community to which they belong.
On this point the provincial synods of Illiberis (Elvira) in 305 and of Ancyra in 315 subsequently came to conflicting decisions, the council of Elvira forbidding the reception of offenders into communion during life, and the council of Ancyra fixing a limit to the penalty in the same cases.
The Consistory was thus a sort of committee of the councils, and it had no power to inflict civil punishment on offenders.
They were, however, held rather as hostages for the good behaviour of worse offenders who had escaped, and were pardoned in September.
In the 18th and 19th centuries the abbey was used as a prison for political offenders, serving this purpose until 1863, when an extensive restoration, begun in 1838, was resumed.
It must excite our surprise that one who used his pen so freely should have escaped the pains and penalties which invariably overtook minor offenders in the same kind.
In the early days the Church was thought of as a community of saints, all of whose members were holy, and as a consequence discipline was strict, and offenders excluded from the Church were commonly not readmitted to membership but left to the mercy of God.
19, 26, &c.); until finally, under the influence of the idea of the Church as the sole ark of salvation, it became the custom to readmit all penitent offenders on condition that they did adequate penance.
Their rise was, due principally to the necessity of administering the charities of the Church, putting an end to disorder and confusion in the religious services, and disciplining offenders.
Whenever opinions did happen to be expressed which could be construed as criticism of Austria or Germany the offenders were speedily punished, and it was not long before the political leaders of the Czechs and Slovaks found themselves in confinement, some of them under sentence of death, while the Czech and Slovak press was subjected to a rigorous censorship and many of its organs prohibited from appearing.
Under an act of 1898 two houses of reform for juvenile offenders, one for boys, the other for girls, were established near Lexington.
The first muttering of the storm which was soon to break was heard in a breve issued in 1741 by Benedict XIV., wherein he denounced the Jesuit offenders as "disobedient, contumacious, captious and reprobate persons," and enacted many stringent regulations for their better government.
Forced contributions had been levied by both sides on goods or bullion, being European property, the reactionaries being the worst offenders; and there were numerous cases of murder and robbery of Europeans.
He has, in most states, the right of reprieving or pardoning offenders, but some recent constitutions place restrictions on this power.
He has also the almost mechanical function of representing the state for various formal purposes, such as demanding from other states the extradition of offenders, the issuing of writs for the election of members of the legislature and of members of the Federal House of Representatives, and the receiving of reports from various state officials or boards.
The latter is in many states neither prompt nor certain, offenders frequently escaping through the excessive regard for technicalities even more than through the indulgence of juries and the occasional weakness of judges.
The duties of churchwardens comprise the provision of necessaries for divine service, so far as the church funds or voluntary subscriptions permit, the collecting the offertory of the congregation, the keeping of order during the divine service, and the giving of offenders into custody; the assignment of seats to parishioners; the guardianship of the movable goods of the church; the preservation and repair of the church and churchyard, the fabric and the fixtures; and the presentment of offences against ecclesiastical law.
The home secretary exercises powers of supervision, &c. See Juvenile Offenders.
The sovereign undertook to consult the knights before embarking on a war, all disputes between the knights were to be settled by the order, at each chapter the deeds of each knight were held in review, and punishments and admonitions were dealt out to offenders; to this the sovereign was expressly subject.
The queen's abdication was revoked, messengers were despatched to the English and French courts, and word was sent to Murray at Glasgow that he must resign the regency, and should be pardoned in common with all offenders against the queen.
The London Chamber of Commerce have issued to the British trade a notice that any misleading term in advertising and all attempts at deception are illegal, and offenders are liable under the Merchandise Marks Act 1887.
advance; this was quickly followed up by the crushing defeat Lee acted in a stern and energetic fashion, holding courts, of the Federal army under Pope, the invasion of Maryland and sentencing many offenders to death and overcoming the hostility the sanguinary and indecisive battle of the Antietam, of the English border lords.
His charities were large and his private life blameless; he was constantly visiting his diocese, correcting offenders and discharging other episcopal duties; and he compelled neighbouring landholders to restore estates which rightly belonged to the see of Hereford.
Special Childrens Courts have been established for the trial of juvenile offenders.
In 1524 the burgesses were exempted from appearing at the shire and hundred courts, and in 1583 the body corporate was reconstructed under the title of mayor and commonalty, and power was granted to make by-laws and to punish offenders.
Disease and death were often connected with the violation of taboo, the offended gods thus punishing the offenders.
His term of office was chiefly notable for the agitation against the Ilbert Bill, which proposed to subject European offenders to trial by native magistrates.
The pious Quakers of Pennsylvania at the end of the 18th century had realized a deeper duty towards the offenders than their extinction, and sought to amend and reform the living.
Sir George Grey sought to deal with the difficulty as a whole, and to provide for all classes of criminals, the most heinous deserving severe correction and the minor offenders in the earliest stages of misconduct.
But the work is too arduous to allow of long and desultory conversation; the chance of contamination is now minimized by the careful separation of the less hardened from the old offenders.
Imprisonment was not sufficiently deterrent to the habitual criminal class, and small attention was paid to the reclamation of less hardened offenders.
Another change was the power given to courts of law to differentiate between offenders by ordering them one of three classes of treatment ranging from severe to less rigorous.
The great aim and object of all penal processes, it has been said, should be the recognition of the general principle of dividing all offenders into two categories: (1) those who ought never to enter a gaol, and (2) those who ought never to be allowed to leave it.
The First Offenders Act in 1887 had the effect of postponing sentence and sparing these offenders from incarceration subject to their good conduct.
The Summary Jurisdiction Acts, by which large numbers of minor offenders were discharged on bail, or subjected to fines or very brief terms of imprisonment, have also tended to diminish the prison population enormously.
The first is a new method for educating and reforming young offenders, already on the frontiers of habitual crime, no longer children, but at an age still susceptible of permanent improvement; the second is the legal acceptance of the principle of indefinite detention, the willingness to inflict an indeterminate sentence on those who have already forfeited the right to be at large.
(A) the Ordinary division; (B) the Habitual Offenders' division; and (C) the Long Sentence division.
In it he suggested that the following reforms should be carried out, some by administrative order and some by future legislation: (1) time for the payment of fines inflicted for minor offences; (2) disciplinary treatment outside prison for all offenders under 21 years of age; (3) punishment of those guilty of offences not involving moral turpitude to be relieved of all degrading features; (4) the reduction of the period of solitary confinement to a maximum of one month; (5) and the abolition of the ticket-of-leave system.
The cellular regime is applicable to prisoners between 18 and 30, and to first offenders of 50 years of age, the term being fixed by the governor of the gaol, but never exceeding three years.
Prison management is essentially a local concern, but some general features are common to all states, such as the rule that while petty offenders and prisoners awaiting trial are under county and city jurisdiction, the state takes charge of all persons convicted of serious crimes.
A Swedish archbishop, returning from Rome, had been seized by robbers, and as Frederick had not punished the offenders Adrian sent two legates to remonstrate.
Denver was one of the earliest cities in the country to institute special courts for juvenile offenders; a reform that is widening in influence and promise.
The parole system is in force in the state reformatory; and in the industrial school at Golden (for youthful offenders) no locks, bars or cells are used, the theory being to treat the inmates as "students."
That some offenders were acquitted on technical grounds is true; it was insisted that in dealing with the character and status of their members the church courts should proceed in as formal and punctilious a manner as civil tribunals, and should recognize the same laws of evidence; in fact, that the same securities should exist in the church as in the state for individual rights and liberties.
It is probable that there were many more offenders than these 15% known to the archbishop.
In May and June the shah issued proclamations declaring his fidelity to the constitution, and promising an amnesty to all political offenders; but he was powerless to stay the advance of the combined Bakhtiari and Nationalist troops, who entered Teheran.
The first constables appointed were 3000 in number, who, when sworn in, enjoyed all the powers of the old constables under the common law, for preserving the peace, preventing robberies and other felonies, and apprehending offenders.
To secure obedience to the law is a first and principal duty; to deal with breaches of the rules made by authority, to detect, pursue and arrest offenders.
As regards the rural police of India every village headman and the village watchman as well as the village police office are required by the code to communicate to the nearest magistrate or the officer in charge of the nearest police station, whichever is nearest, any information respecting offenders.
There are two main classes of police functions recognized by law, the administrative and the judicial police, the former engaged in the daily maintenance of peace and order and so preventing offences, the latter in the investigation of crime and tracing offenders; but the duties are necessarily performed to a great extent by the same agents.
In the case of the Canadian prisoners (1839) it was used to obtain the release of persons sentenced in Canada for participating in the rebellion of 1837, who were being conveyed throughout England in custody on their way to imprisonment in another part of the empire, and it is matter of frequent experience for the courts to review the legality of commitments under the Extradition Acts and the Fugitive Offenders Act 1881, of fugitives from the justice of a foreign state or parts of the king's dominions outside the British Islands.
A council of 120 unpaid delegates, selected from the local councils, served partly as a committee for preparing the assembly's programme, partly as an administrative board which received embassies, arbitrated between contending cities and exercised penal jurisdiction over offenders against the constitution.
They stood by him when he took his seat on the tribunal; mounted guard before his house, against the wall of which they stood the fasces; summoned offenders before him, seized, bound and scourged them, and (in earlier times) carried out the death sentence.
Cayenne is the seat of the government of French Guiana, and was formerly a penal settlement for political offenders.
and Francis of France in 1516; and the council of Trent, while insisting on far more stringent conditions for lawful marriage than those which had prevailed in the middle ages, imposed at last heavy ecclesiastical penalties on concubinage and appealed to the secular arm for help against contumacious offenders (Sessio xxiv.
All attempts to punish the offenders were futile.
The coast of Alaska offers exceptional facilities for smuggling, and liquor has always been very plentiful; juries have steadily refused to convict offenders, and treasury officials have regularly collected revenue from saloons existing in defiance of law.
When the Christians in the eastern part of the empire destroyed a Jewish synagogue and a church belonging to the Valentinians, Theodosius gave orders for the offenders to make reparation.
The county is a sort of intermediate organization between the state and the towns to assist chiefly in the administration of justice, especially in the custody of offenders, and in the making and care of roads.
It has been used by the Colombian government for political offenders.
The forest embraces all these, and it is distinguished by having laws and courts of its own, according to which offenders are justiceable.
Especially the immunity of clerical offenders from the jurisdiction of lay courts had to be conceded; for the rest of the middle ages the clerk guilty of theft or assault, riot or murder, could plead his orders, and escape from the harsh justice of the kings officers to the milder pen~lties of the bishops tribunal.
they returned to their evil practice he imprisoned the chief offenders, the earls of Hereford and Gloucester, forfeited their estates, and only gave them back when they had paid vast fines (1291).
When summoned to punish the offenders, and to make monetary compensation, Suffolk and Somerset shuffled and prevaricated, but gave no satisfaction.
Besides the ordinary judges there were the extraordinary tribunals, the court of high commission nominated by the crown to punish ecclesiastical offenders, and the court of star chamber, composed of the privy councillors and the chief justices, and therefore also nominated by the crown, to inflict fine, imprisonment, and even corporal mutilation.
on lay offenders.
By a law of 1909 certain offenders are placed under probation under the supervision of the State Board of Control.
By a decree of the Convention the four accused persons were deported to Cayenne, a new mode of dealing with political offenders almost as effective as the guillotine, while less apt to excite compassion.
And though reflection upon conduct may lead us to suppose that our past acts were determined, that desire of pleasure or the wish to avoid pain controlled our wills, the unphilosophical observer interprets, in offenders against morality, such arguments as a mere excuse.
The Stoic doctrine of the worthlessness of ordinary human virtue, and the stern paradox that all offenders are equally, in so far as all are absolutely, guilty, find their counterparts in Christianity; but the latter (maintaining this ideal severity in the moral standard, with an emotional consciousness of what is involved in it quite unlike that of the Stoic) overcomes its practical exclusiveness through faith.
The government was determined not to use the Crimes Act, and the result was that offenders nearly always went unpunished, benches of magistrates being often swamped by the chairmen of district councils who were ex officio justices under the act of 1898.
Revenue was derived from customs duties, firstfruits, fines and confiscation of offenders' property, and a money offering called hdsind, presented on a great variety of occasions both to the sovereign in person and to her representatives; and these were supplemented by " benevolences " (in the medieval sense of the word) levied upon the people for occasional state necessities.
Neither the war minister nor the commanders of the garrison chose to punish the offenders, and sooner than endorse such want of discipline, Sagasta and the Liberal party once more made way for Canovas.
There followed an exchange of views on arresting and jailing young offenders, something Fitzgerald felt should be done as an exampleâ€”"put the bad apples where they belong"â€”while Dean stressed education in addition to enforcement.
Offenders poured an accelerant onto front doors of the houses and through letterboxes and set alight using matches.
This is an intergenerational project, where older people work with local young offenders teaching them gardening skills on a nearby allotment.
Repeat offenders will be designated as ' French ' and shall thus become anathema.
apprehension of persistent offenders.
bewail the fact that their own fisheries inspection service seems powerless to stop these incursions or arrest the offenders.
What is disguised as patriotism is nothing more than racial bigotry and arrogance and unfortunately the English are the worst offenders.
The offenders used metal cutters to remove bollards from security shutters at ECA Tools in Henley Road.
burgled by offenders who entered through a back door.
I envisage one where low risk offenders get conditional cautions or fines.
Pritchard has a 10 point plan for reducing abuse, ranging from social policy initiatives to the safe containment of offenders.
custody for less serious offenders in order to alleviate prison overcrowding.
detain the offenders a fierce fight ensued.
disordered Offenders: Diversion from Custody/ProsecutionÃ¢, Mental Health Foundation Scotland, contribution by Professor D. J. Cooke at page 11.
There have been many cases where offenders have climbed drainpipes and gone onto flat roofs to commit this type of offense.
We help drug addicts, but we test offenders for drugs and if theyre positive, we demand they get treatment.
The protector about this time gave a commendable earnest of his resolution to assert rigorous justice against offenders.
We will be assisted in due course by the implementation of COMPASS and the ability to monitor the ethnicity of offenders and victims.
first offendererms are more likely to deter first time offenders than 40 hours community service.
frolicsome offenders " said they had just been looking on while the market was trashed.
graphic novels used in Surrey's Project Hero, aimed at young offenders.
imposed on offenders.
Secondly, there is the more general, almost impressionistic, message given to all road users by the treatment of offenders.
Persistent offenders or students wearing completely inappropriate clothing should be sent to the Year Co-ordinator who will decide on the next course of action.
They bewail the fact that their own fisheries inspection service seems powerless to stop these incursions or arrest the offenders.
jail terms are more likely to deter first time offenders than 40 hours community service.
juvenile offenders will be issued shortly.
misuseently a range of initiatives deals with drug misusing offenders in the criminal justice system.
Incidents involved different kinds of waste, of varying amounts, using different modus operandi, and involving different kinds of offenders.
prolific offenders are said to commit nearly 10 percent of all crime.
prolific of offenders.
prosecutepaign also aimed at prosecuting persistent offenders who continued to dump rubbish in the area.
prosecution of offenders, which is the goal of the police service.
punishment of offenders.
rebukehose days it was by no means unusual to hear the parson publicly rebuking offenders - even calling them by name.
key recommendations of the Independent Inquiry Report on Women's Imprisonment A rapid reduction in the use of imprisonment for women offenders.
rehabilitate offenders serving community orders.
rehabilitateand rehabilitating When offenders are sent to prison or into custody, public safety is a very important consideration.
release from custody to provide offenders with continuing support once back in the community.
remand hearings in respect of young offenders to be conducted by live video link.
This scheme gives offenders the opportunity to express genuine remorse through tangible means.
IC offenders will also be expected to do community reparation work during their periods in custody.
repeat offenders than our country.
Make offenders pay restitution for the injuries and damage they have done.
superviseabor now, 10,000 probation offices are charged with supervising 250,000 serious offenders.
The result was the reduction of punishment both in quantity and in severity, the improvement of the prison system, and the first attempts to study the psychology of crime and to distinguish between classes of criminals with a view to their improvement (see Crime; Prison; Children'S Courts; Juvenile Offenders).
During his whole reign, indeed, supposed offenders against the sultan's authority were clone to death, singly or in thousands.
She quartered troops in Boston; she made the juries, sheriffs and judges of the colony dependent on the royal officers; she ordered capital offenders to be tried in Nova Scotia or England; she endeavoured completely to control or to abolish town-meetings; and finally, by the so-called " Boston Port Bill," she closed the port of Boston on the 1st of June 1774.
The Offences at Sea Act 1536 states the objection to this application of the civil law to the trial of criminal cases with much force: "After the course of the civil laws, the nature whereof is that before any judgment of death can be given against the offenders, either they must plainly confess their offences (which they will never do without torture or pain), or else their offences be so plainly and directly proved by witness indifferent such as saw their offences committed, which cannot be gotten but by chance at few times."
Its objects embrace (a) admonition to those who fail in the payment of their just debts, or otherwise walk contrary to the standard of Quaker ethics, and the exclusion of obstinate or gross offenders from the body, and, as incident to this, the hearing of appeals from individuals or meetings considering themselves aggrieved; (b) the care and maintenance of the poor and provision for the Christian education of their children, for which purpose the Society has established boarding schools in different parts of the country; (c) the amicable settlement of " all differences about outward things," either by the parties in controversy or by the submission of the dispute to arbitration, and the restraint of all proceedings at law between members except by leave; (d) the " recording " of ministers (see above); (e) the cognizance of all steps preceding marriage according to Quaker forms; (f) the registration of births, deaths and marriages and the admission of members; (g) the issuing of certificates or letters of approval granted to ministers travelling away from their homes, or to members removing from one meeting to another; and (h) the management of the property belonging to the Society.
Many of the colonists of the 18th century were convicts and other offenders; and in 1750 the trade became a monopoly in the hands of a private company.
The state institutions consist of state hospitals for the insane at St Peter (1866), at Rochester (1877), established originally as a state inebriate asylum under a law taxing liquor dealers for that purpose, which was subsequently held to be unconstitutional, at Fergus Falls (1887), at Anoka (1900) and at Hastings (1900); the state institute for defectives at Faribault, consisting of the schools for the deaf (1863), blind (1874) and feeble-minded (1879); the state public school for dependent and neglected children at Owatonna (1886); a sanatorium for consumptives at Walker; a hospital for indigent, crippled or deformed children (1907) at St Paul; the state training school for boys near Red Wing; a similar industrial school for girls (established separately in 1907) at Sauk Center; the state reformatory at St Cloud (1887), intermediate between the training school and the state prison, for first offenders between the ages of sixteen and thirty years, in which indeterminate sentences and a parole system are in operation; the state prison at Stillwater (1851), in which there is a parole system and a graded system of diminution of sentence for good conduct, and in which, up to 1895, prisoners were leased under contract (especially to the Minnesota Thresher Company), and since 1895 have been employed in the manufacture of shoes and of binding twine, and in providing for the needs of the prison population; and the state soldiers home occupying fifty-one acres adjoining Minnehaha Park in Minneapolis.
A new Small Holdings Act (1907) for England was passed; the Trades Disputes Act (1906) removed the position of trades unions from the controversy excited over the Taff Vale decision; Mr LloydGeorge's Patents Act (1907) and Merchant Shipping Act (1906) were welcomed by the tariff reformers as embodying their own policy; a long-standing debate was closed by the passing of the Deceased Wife's Sister Act (1907); and acts for establishing a public trustee, a court of criminal appeal, a system of probation for juvenile offenders, and a census of production, were passed in 1907.
It closes with the sentence, based on "obstinate" persistency in an illicit cult, and with the proclamation by the herald of the names of the offenders and the penalty.
The same month, when the high commission court was sacked by the mob, he was unable to persuade the star chamber to punish the offenders.
The chief aim of penal legislation should indeed be either to keep gaols empty or to use them only where distinct reduction in the number of offenders, whether by regeneration or by continuous withdrawal from noxious activity, can be obtained.
The Borstal scheme of a juvenile-adult reformatory has been to some extent planned on the institutions of Elmira reformatory in the state of New York and of Concord in Massachusetts (see Juvenile Offenders).
county gaols and the horrors of the convict lease system in the southern states, now nearly extinct; at the other such modern and well-equipped reformatories as Elmira and Concord (see Juvenile Offenders).
This was only a preliminary skirmish; the main battle opened in the following year, when the king, quite aware that he must for the future look on Thomas as his enemy, brought forward the famous Constitutions of Clarendon, of which the main purport was to assert the jurisdiction of the state over clerical offenders by a rather complicated procedure, while other clauses provided that appeals to Rome must not be made without the kings leave, that suits about land or the presentation to benefices, in which clerics were concerned, should be tried before the royal courts, and that bishops should not quit the realmunless they had obtained permission to do so from the king (see CLARENDON, CONSTITUTIONS OF).
The French government has recently urged the traffic police to use their full powers to punish offenders.
We are concerned with crash prevention rather than the punishment of offenders.
In those days it was by no means unusual to hear the parson publicly rebuking offenders - even calling them by name.
Key recommendations of the Independent Inquiry Report on Women 's Imprisonment A rapid reduction in the use of imprisonment for women offenders.
It 's a new approach to rehabilitate offenders serving community orders.
The main lesson is an uncomfortable one for people of a liberal disposition who instinctively prefer to see offenders rehabilitated rather than incarcerated.
Punishing and rehabilitating When offenders are sent to prison or into custody, public safety is a very important consideration.
Onward referrals should be set up for those on release from custody to provide offenders with continuing support once back in the community.
Target 25% of bail and remand hearings in respect of young offenders to be conducted by live video link.
Still, he said, England suffers from an even higher rate of repeat offenders than our country.
The offenders snapped the trees in two during their spree of mindless destruction, which is believed to have happened overnight Wednesday.
Fundamentally these concerns raise questions about our responsibilities in addressing offending and offenders outside the strictures of the criminal justice system.
Under Labor now, 10,000 probation offices are charged with supervising 250,000 serious offenders.
The Federal Trade Commission has cracked down on some of the worst offenders in recent years, but there are still enough sharks circling around that you should tread very, very carefully before signing anything or cutting a check.
The ELPC says that the Midwest is responsible for as much pollution as most countries, with the exception of the top offenders: China, India, Russia and Japan.
You can search for sex offenders in your neighborhood, get criminal alerts, and more.
There may be extremely violent or house other types of offenders who may belong in more secure facilities.
Nicole "Snooki" Polizzi is one of the most grievous offenders, often posing as an example of a fashion don't.
In fact, if you had a comprehensive list of offenders, Britney Spears and Tara Reid would represent a majority of celebrity oops pictures.
At her hearing, she was sentenced to community service and alcohol education classes and three years probation…not unusual for first time offenders.
Strange, repeat celebrity DUI offenders do know that cabs exist right?
Inexpensive fans are big offenders in this area.
According to studies conducted by the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) researching the amount of pesticides in produce, there are a number of big offenders.
The following fruits and vegetables are the top ten offenders and an excellent short list of produce that you should always attempt to buy organic.
Several registered sex offenders have managed to create MySpace accounts, including people with a history of child sex abuse.
In the United States, one child in six develops an allergic reaction to certain substances, and foods are among the prime offenders.
Longitudinal studies have found that as many as 71 percent of chronic juvenile offenders had progressed from childhood antisocial behaviors through a history of early arrests to a pattern of chronic law breaking.
The remaining 77 percent of offenders were adults and were responsible for 67 percent of juvenile victims.
For younger juvenile victims (under the age of 12), juvenile offenders were responsible for approximately 40 percent of assaults.
Gender: The great majority of all reported offenders were male (96%).
The number of female offenders rose for victims under the age of six (12%), in contrast to 6 percent for victims aged six through 12, 3 percent for victims aged 12 through 17, and 1 percent for adult victims.
Relationship with offender: Approximately 59 percent of offenders were acquaintances of their victims, compared to family members (27%) or strangers (14%).
Some families with independent incomes turn to lawyers or private collection agencies to find offenders and bring them to court for nonpayment.
The percent of juvenile offenders who started as truants is even higher, approaching 95 percent.
"Biopsychological Treatment of Antisocial and Conduct-Disordered Offenders."
The most common offenders in flareups are peanuts and peanut butter, eggs and milk, seafood, soy, and chocolate.
It was home to over 1,000 of the worst criminal offenders in the United States from 1934 to 1963.
Often a reader can hear both sides of the story this way, with forum discussion boards for both the offenders and the survivors of infidelity.
Because of the site's popularity with teenagers, registered sex offenders are now using MySpace to search for victims.
Starting slowly, by eliminating offenders such as sodas before you empty out your pantry and freezer of processed foods, is the easiest option for most people.
Research has determined that saturated fat and trans fat are the worst offenders to the human body, mainly the heart and arteries.
According to a 2002 study done by the Parental Television Council called Harsh Reality, nudity is the "second most common type of sexual content on reality TV shows" and that Big Brother and The Surreal Life were the worst offenders.
There have been many reports of sex offenders looking for (and sometimes finding) new victims on the site, and reports of other crimes have been bragged about, sometimes in advance of the crime, on MySpace and other social networking sites.
A special class was formed in 1880, in which all convicts "not versed in crime," first offenders and comparatively innocent men, are now kept apart from the older and more hardened criminals.
The land was full of disorder, and the praetors shrank from enforcing the law against offenders, many of whom, as Roman knights, might be their own judges.
There were in 1908 two penitentiaries, one at Joliet and one at Chester, and, in addition to the two reformatory institutions for young offenders under the supervision of the Board of Charities, there is a State Reformatory for boys at Pontiac. The indeterminate sentence and parole systems are important features of the treatment of criminals.
Germany not only backed up Russian policy in the East, and at the outbreak of the Russo-Japanese War took up towards her an attitude of more than benevolent neutrality, but the cabinets of Berlin and St Petersburg entered into an agreement under which political offenders against either government were to be treated as tr~aitors to both.
Meanwhile prison discipline in the elementary stage, as inflicted on lesser offenders, was continually discussed.
As constable of Dundee he secured the commutation of the death penalty on minor offenders under his jurisdiction, and his expressed maxim was " in the greatest crimes it is thought wisest to pardon the multitude and punish the ringleaders."
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