The continental area is on one side of the sphere and the oceanic on the other.
The general scheme of oceanic circulation was made out prior to 1910.
wide areas, giving rise to oceanic depressions and leaving the continents protuberant; the other, folding along comparatively narrow belts, giving rise to mountain ranges.
The Trachylinae, on the other hand, are above all oceanic forms, and have no polyp-stage, and hence there is typically no alternation in their life-cycle.
the Pacific has few islands; the oceanic islands are volcanic, and coral formations are of course scanty.
The flora falls naturally into three great divisions: that of the Amazon basin where exceptional conditions of heat and moisture prevail; that of the coast where heat, varying rainfall, oceanic influences and changing seasons have greatly modified the general character of the vegetation; and that of the elevated interior, or sertao, where dryer conditions, rocky surfaces, higher sun temperatures and large open spaces produce a vegetation widely different from those of the other two regions.
Next, dependent on the inclination of the earths axis, is the division of the planetary year into the terrestrial seasons, with winter and summer changes of temperature, wind-strength and precipitation: these seasonal changes are not of the restrained measure that is characteristic of the oceanic southern temperate zone, but of the exaggerated measure appropriate to the continental interruptions of ~the northern land-and-water zone, to which the term temperate is so generally inapplicable.
The "Mediterranean region," as a geographical unit, includes all this area; the Black Sea and the Sea of Marmora are within its submerged portion, and the climate of the whole is controlled by the oceanic influences of the Mediterranean Sea.
Where the central oceanic buckle attains the water-line we have our oceanic islands, seen in our type ocean, as St Helena and the Azores.
This order, containing the typical oceanic medusae, is divided into two sub-orders.
Oceanic islands are divided according to their geological character into volcanic islands and those of organic origin, including coral islands.
But if their origin is unknown, there is little doubt that the Melanesians were the earliest occupants of the oceanic world, possibly reaching it from Malaysia.
AMT sampling covers almost the entire gradient of oceanic productivity from oligotrophic ocean gyres to seasonally high productive high latitude and equatorial upwelling waters.
Many species of shark can be seen, including hammerheads, silkies, gray reefs and oceanic white-tips.
"Challenger," " Oceanic Circulation," p. 30; J.
According to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's National Weather Service, commonly referred to as NOAA, there are many parts of the world with tornado activity.
The study of the Hexapoda of oceanic islands is full of interest.
The honour of first sounding really oceanic depths belongs to " Egeria," " Waterwitch," " Dart," " Penguin," " Stork," Sir James Clark Ross, who made some excellent measurements and " Investigator."
Many of the oceanic islets are composed of coral limestone, which in this way becomes phosphatized; others are igneous, consisting of trachyte or basalt, and these rocks are also phosphatized on their surfaces but are not so valuable, inasmuch as the presence of iron or alumina in any quantity renders them unsuited for the preppration of artificial manures.
The origin and development of these conditions, in islands so distinctly oceanic as the Galapagos, have given its chief importance to this archipelago since it was visited by Darwin in the "Beagle."
Russia has no oceanic possessions; her islands are all appendages of the mainland to which they belong.
The possession of silk-glands has also profoundly influenced the geographical distribution of spiders and has enabled them to cross arms of the sea and establish themselves on isolated oceanic islands which most of the orders of Arachnida are unable to reach.
The former are either the extensions of oceanic depressions, e.g.
Hence their tidal conditions are quite oceanic, though their salinity is usually rather lower than that of ocean water.
As to how far the narrow portion of the North Sea modifies the influence of the European continent, there seems reason to believe that the prevailing winds blowing up the English Channel carry oceanic conditions some distance inland, along those parts of the continent nearest to England.
Southampton and Liverpool are the two greatest English ports for all oceanic passenger traffic; but London has also a large traffic, both to European and to foreign ports.
The climate of the islands is oceanic, with moderate and fairly uniform temperatures and heavy rainfall.
As regards terrestrial mammals (with which alone we are at present concerned), one of the most striking features in their distribution is their practical absence from oceanic islands; the only species found in such localities being either small forms which might have been carried on floating timber, or such as have been introduced by human agency.
This absence of mammalian life in oceanic islands extends even to New Zealand, where the indigenous mammals comprise only two peculiar species of bats, the so-called Maori rat having been introduced by man.
The deepest water stratum in the Skagerrak is certainly of oceanic origin; it has been found to suffer changes of long period, and it is probably not always composed of water derived from the same part or the same depth of the North Atlantic; this water is, as a rule, deficient in oxygen.
The "North Sea" water, of 34 to 35 pro male salinity, does not appear at the surface in the Skagerrak, except as a strip along part of the coast of Jutland, but it is always found as an undercurrent overlying the oceanic water.
The amount of retardation does not admit of accurate computation, owing to the uncertainty both as to the amount of the oceanic friction from which it arises and of the exact height and form of the tidal wave, the action of the moon on which produces the effect.
The climate is oceanic; fogs are common, violent storms are frequent at all seasons.
Petrels are archaic oceanic forms, with great powers of flight, dispersed throughout all the seas and oceans of the world, and some species apparently never resort to land except for the purpose of nidification, though nearly all are liable at times to be driven ashore, and often very far inland, by gales of wind.'
It might be inferred, therefore, and the inference is proved by facts, that truly oceanic islands have no indigenous fauna of earthworms, but are inhabited by forms which are identical with those of neighbouring continents, and doubtless, therefore, accidentally introduced.
The dynamical causes are atmospheric and oceanic currents.
In return the Irish Aviation Authority will take responsibility for oceanic transition airspace to the west of the UK.
NASA's ESE research focuses on the changes and variability in the Earth system, including atmospheric, oceanic, and geodetic areas.
His classic papers on ocean island basalts and oceanic crust were published at this time with Dan McKenzie, Ron Oxburgh and others.
Bag o ' Fish inventor dies Loch Lomond in gigantic fish threat Never mind Nessie, say boffins at Loch Lomond Oceanic Center.
This movement can influence climate by changing the atmospheric and oceanic circulation and by altering the distribution of radiative heating and cooling.
On Figure 4 is pictured convergence between an oceanic plate and a largely continental plate.
As the subducting oceanic crust melts as it goes deeper into the Earth, the newly-created magma rises to the surface and forms volcanoes.
Beyond Hatton Bank lies the oceanic crust of the North Atlantic Ocean.
What causes gigantism and dwarfism among many species arriving on oceanic islands such as the Seychelles?
There is no evidence for subducted oceanic lithosphere in the eastern Alps above 400 km.
Magmas that form island arcs are produced by the partial melting of the descending plate and/or the overlying oceanic lithosphere.
In contrast, the thickness of oceanic lithosphere is much less.
The models will be used to determine the rheology of the incipient oceanic lithosphere around the Dabbahu rift.
This implies that the oceanic lithosphere is detached from continental lower lithosphere also in the eastern Alps.
The oceanic liverwort Pleurozia purpurea and the bog-mosses Sphagnum fuscum and S. imbricatum occur.
liverwort Pleurozia purpurea, a species generally associated with more oceanic areas to the west, is also found occasionally.
mafic oceanic core complex.
The much feared man-eaters like Oceanic Whitetips and Tiger Sharks, are commonly seen plying the deeper waters along the shelf.
oceanic lithosphere is much less.
oceanic crust of the North Atlantic Ocean.
oceanic plankton: biogeochemical, ecological and evolutionary links.
oceanic transition airspace to the west of the UK.
The occurrence of this habitat type under such conditions is thought to reflect the highly oceanic climate of Cornwall.
Leach's Storm-petrel is a truly oceanic species, only returning to remote island colonies under hours of darkness.
The more characteristically oceanic Carex Racomitrium moss-heath is represented by some good stands but is not so extensive.
She recently finished eighth overall in the Mistral Oceanic Championships in Sydney Harbor.
overall in the Mistral Oceanic championships in Sydney Harbor.
pacific, most oceanic islands have been much modified by human activity.
Most pipefish species are coastal or inshore, but the snake pipefish is the only one described as an open sea or oceanic species.
Simo, R. Production of atmospheric sulfur by oceanic plankton: biogeochemical, ecological and evolutionary links.
rheology of the incipient oceanic lithosphere around the Dabbahu rift.
Particulate organic matter around two oceanic seamounts from the NE Atlantic.
The continental arrangement, with its equatorial seaway, was partially responsible, in that it limited the oceanic circulation.
His maps on the distribution of carbonates, siliceous deposits and manganese nodules form the basis of understanding oceanic sedimentology.
The northern plateau is home to schooling hammerheads with frequent sightings of oceanic white tip sharks.
snake pipefish is the only one described as an open sea or oceanic species.
Ocean Pool Pendant & Matching stud earrings Hypnotic pendant with matching stud earrings in Sterling Silver inset with oceanic enamels.
Earthquake zones [175 k] But what was the significance of the connection between earthquakes and oceanic trenches and ridges?
white sharkern plateau is home to schooling hammerheads with frequent sightings of oceanic white tip sharks.
The " Mediterranean region," as a geographical unit, includes all this area; the Black Sea and the Sea of Marmora are within its submerged portion, and the climate of the whole is controlled by the oceanic influences of the Mediterranean Sea.
The usual classification of islands is into continental and oceanic. The former class includes all those which rise from the continental.
This takes account of - (I) the ArcticAlpine zone, including all the vegetation of the region bordering on perpetual snow; (2) the Boreal zone, including the temperate lands of North America, Europe and Asia, all of which are substantially alike in botanical character; (3) the Tropical zone, divided sharply into (a) the tropical zone of the New World, and (b) the tropical zone of the Old World, the forms of which differ in a significant degree; (4) the Austral zone, comprising all continental land south of the equator, and sharply divided into three regions the floras of which are strikingly distinct - (a) South American, (b) South African and (c) Australian; (5) the Oceanic, comprising all oceanic islands, the flora of which consists exclusively of forms whose seeds could be drifted undestroyed by ocean currents or carried by birds.
This plateau formation - the oldest geological continent of Asia - being unfit for agriculture and for the most part unsuited for permanent settlement, while its oceanic slopes have from the dawn of history been occupied by a relatively dense population, long prevented Slav colonization from reaching the Pacific. The Russians chanced to cross it in the 17th century at its narrowest and most N.
Now it is probable that the main cause of oceanic circulation is the driving force of the winds upon the superficial layers of water; hence periodic and irregular changes in the direction and velocities of ocean currents are probably due to changes in atmospheric circulation traceable to changes in the quantities of heat absorbed from the sun by the earth's atmosphere.
C. Haddon, Head-hunters, Black, White and Brown (London, 1902); D.Macdonald, The Oceanic Languages: their Grammatical Structure, Vocabulary and Origin (London, 1907); J.
The plants that make it up need the ' oceanic climate ' of the western seaboard of the continent.
Ocean Pool Pendant & Matching Stud Earrings Hypnotic pendant with matching stud earrings in Sterling Silver inset with oceanic enamels.
This upper bound is consistent with the residual oceanic topography anomalies above subduction systems.
Climate: Taiwan has an oceanic, subtropical monsoon climate.
An oceanic form of Cladonia -rich wet heath with abundant wooly fringe-moss Racomitrium lanuginosum is moderately extensive at higher levels on rockier ground.
It is always better to be prepared before deciding to navigate your way through oceanic or fresh waters.
The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) reported that sea temperatures for June 2009 were the highest on record since record keeping began in 1880.
Oceanic themes are sometimes found in the accessories and art of this style including shell patterns and sea life.
Note that if your idea of oceanic scents involves coconuts and pineapples, you won't be wowed by Beach.
He's the loveable sponge who lives in a pineapple under the sea with all his oceanic friends.
This focus on education and conservation led them to the idea of an oceanic theme park.
The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration: Offers dozens of fun games and learning activities for kids from the elementary level to high school.
Lest you think that one-piece swimwear is all Sunflair has to offer, take a look at the Oceanic dress.
In addition to men's and women's products, the company also offers children's apparel, special gifts, items for the home with a decidedly oceanic mentality and fragrances for both men and women.
Cabo San Lucas is a majestic oceanic playground on the edge of the earth, and Villa del Palmar is an ethereal vacation oasis of incomparable beauty.
Your craving will be rewarded and your visions for visceral beauty brought into fruition, given homage amid the breathtaking background of majestic mountains descending gracefully into oceanic utopia.
This Breitling Avenger men's watch comes with automatic movement, an oceanic blue dial, sapphire crystal case, a date display, polished unidirectional bezel, and titanium case with double clasp bracelet adding to its masculinity.
In addition, it comes with brilliant chronometer, automatic movement, oceanic blue dial, polished steel unidirectional rotating bezel, and Sapphire crystal case.
Engineered with utmost care, this sleek Cartier Divan watch attached along with a cherry leather strap, oceanic white dial, sapphire crystal, quartz movement, and case dimension approximately 32mm x 19mm x 7mm is invariably beautiful.
Exquisitely crafted, this Cartier Tank Females watch comes wrapped in Platinum case; the oceanic white Sapphire (Scratch Resistant) dial reflect elegance while the Automatic Date window displays date at 3 with exactness.
The NOAA is the The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.
Aquariva Automatic: Aquariva's reputation springs from Hamilton's legacy of historic and oceanic timekeeping while its good looks come from fine materials applied by masters of detail.
Locating retailers that sell designer lingerie sets isn't a great challenge, but finding incredible items within the oceanic term of "designer" can be a task for unwary buyers.
Jedi Master Jinn possesses strong features and piercing, though gentle oceanic blue eyes.
Physically: His gentle face, oceanic blue eyes that see into your soul.
The terrace closest to the land, known as the continental shelf, has an average depth of 600 ft., and connects Australia, New Guinea, and Tasmania in one unbroken sweep. Compared with other continents, the Australian continental shelf is extremely narrow, and there are points on the eastern coast where the land plunges down to oceanic depths with an abruptness rarely paralleled.
Newfoundland, the West Indies, and the Falklands, and the chief oceanic islands are the Azores, Madeira, the Canaries, the Cape Verde Islands, Ascension, St Helena, Tristan da Cunha and Bouvet Island.
The latter rise abruptly from the oceanic abysses.
The direct geographical elements are the arrangement of land and sea (continents and islands standing in sharp contrast) and the vertical relief of the globe, which interposes barriers of a less absolute kind between portions of the same land area or oceanic depression.
Oceanic islands have, as a rule, distinctive faunas and floras which resemble, but are not identical with, those of other islands in similar positions.
The Coleoptera are almost worldwide in their distribution, being represented in the Arctic regions and on almost all oceanic islands.
Interesting relationships between the Ethiopian and Oriental, the Neotropical and West African, the Patagonian and New Zealand faunas suggest great changes in the distribution of land and water, and throw doubt on the doctrine of the permanence of continental areas and oceanic basins.
Except in the extreme north and south, and on the tops of the highest mountains, where there is no insect life as food supply, spiders are found all over the world, even in isolated oceanic islands.
The empirical data on which the hydrodynamical investigations are based are: (I) observed velocities and directions of oceanic currents and drifts; (2) salinity; (3) density; (4) temperature of the sea water in situ; (5) oceanic soundings.
Upon the denuded edges of the Scotland beds lies the Oceanic series.
The Oceanic series is generally overlaid directly, and unconformably, by coral limestones; but at Bissex Hill, at the base of the coral limestones, and resting unconformably upon the Oceanic series, there is a Globigerina marl.
Jukes-Browne and Harrison ascribe the Scotland beds to the Eocene or Oligocene period, the Oceanic series to the Miocene, the Bissex Hill marls to the Pliocene, and the coral limestones partly to the Pliocene and partly to the Pleistocene.
Large angles of slope may, however, occur on the flanks of oceanic islands and the continental borders.
The continental shelves include not only the oceanic border of the continents but also great areas of the enclosed seas and particularly of the fringing seas, the origin of which through secular subsidence is often very clearly apparent, as for instance in the North Sea and the tract lying off the mouth of the English Channel.
The greatest of the intercontinental seas, the Arctic, comes nearest to oceanic conditions in the extent and depth of its depressions.
Oceanic Deposits.-It has long been known that the deposits which carpet the floor of the ocean differ in different places, and coasting sailors have been accustomed from time immemorial to use the lead not only to ascertain the depth of the water but also to obtain samples of the bottom, the appearance of which is often characteristic of the locality.
Pettersson has made a careful study of ice melting as a motive power in oceanic circulation, and points out that it acts in two ways: on the surface it produces dilution of the water, forming a fresh layer and causing an outflow seaward of surface water with very low salinity; towards the deep water it produces a strong cooling effect, leading to increase of density and sinking of the chilled layers.
Buchan, " Specific Gravities and Oceanic Circulation," Trans.
Richard, L'Oceanographie (Paris, 1907); List of Oceanic Depths and Serial Temperature Observations, received at the Admiralty in the year 1888 (et seq.) from H.M.
Hence the proportion of purely oceanic area to the total area is greater in the Pacific than in the Atlantic, the supply of detritus being smaller, and terrigenous deposits are not borne so far from land.
The following islands may be classified as oceanic, but not with any of the three main divisions: the Bonin Islands, north of the Marianas, belonging to Japan; Lord Howe and Norfolk Islands (to New South Wales); Easter Island (to Chile); the Galapagos Islands (to Ecuador).
One of the most obscure questions with which the ethnologist has to deal is that of the prehistoric remains which occur in different and widely separated parts of the oceanic region.
Each of the larger islands has one or more ports which a local steamboat serves regularly, and Honolulu has the regular service of seven trans-Pacific lines (the American-Hawaiian Steamship Co., the Canadian-Australian Steamship Co., the Matson Navigation Co., the Oceanic Steamship Co., the Pacific Mail Steamship Co., the Mexican Oriental and the Toyo Kisen Kaisha); it is a midway station for vessels between the United States (mainland) and Australia and Southern Asia.
Those of the highest zone are remarkable for the great predominance of predaceous species and of wingless forms. In this last respect they present a striking analogy with the endemic coleopterous fauna of oceanic islands.
The proportion of salt in the water of the Caspian, though varying in different parts and at different seasons, is generally much less than the proportion in oceanic water, and even less than the proportion in the water of the Black Sea.
Climala.The climate of Germany is to be regarded as intermediate between the oceanic and continental climates of western and eastern Europe respectively.
The climate of north-western Germany (west of the Elbe) shows a predominating oceanic character, the summers not being too hot (mean summer temperature 60 to 62), and snow in winter remaining but a short time on the ground.
He had finally proved that a deep oceanic basin lies to the north.
LANCILOTO ("MALOCELLO LANZAROTE, the ` Lancelot Maloisiel ' of the French"), leader of the first of modern European oceanic enterprises.
The quantitative estimate of the amount of this flora has revealed its enormous aggregate amount and therefore its great importance in the economy of oceanic and lacustrine animal life.
rroXvs, many, and vCjvos, island), a term sometimes used to cover the whole of the oceanic islands in the central and western Pacific, but properly for the eastern of the three great divisions of these islands.
On the south the ocean gives it an oceanic climate, the chief features of which are great uniformity of temperature, small diurnal range of temperature, great dampness of the air, and more or less frequent rain.
The continental type of weather prevails over almost the whole of India from December to May, and the oceanic type from June to November, thus giving rise to the two great divisions of the year, the dry season or north-east monsoon, and the rainy season or south-west monsoon.
- Mauritius being an oceanic island of small size, its present fauna is very limited in extent.
µucpos, small, and vijo-os, island), one of the three great divisions of the oceanic islands in the central and western Pacific. Lying to the north of Melanesia, it embraces the following groups: Mariana, Pelew, Caroline, Marshall and Gilbert.
These isothermal lines will be found to vary frommonth to month over the two hemispheres, or over local areas, during summer and winter, and their position is modified by continental or oceanic conditions.
The effect of the spinal mountain range in modifying oceanic conditions is thus illustrated.
MELANESIA, one of the three great divisions of the oceanic islands in the central and western Pacific. It embraces the Bismarck Archipelago, N.E.
The natural effect of the heating of the air in summer and the cooling of the air in winter by contact with the land is largely masked in England on account of the strength of the prevailing south-westerly wind carrying oceanic influence into the heart of the country.
From choosing a cruise travel agent to Planning a Cruise Itinerary to making the most of your cruise vacation while at sea and in port, you can find knowledgeable articles to assist you while planning your oceanic getaway.
Passengers interested in a true sailing experience may be disappointed that large ships have less of an "at sea" feeling - in calm waters, it may be impossible to detect any oceanic motion.
Carnival Cruise Line hosts more than 2,000 weddings annually, and other cruise lines are equally popular for oceanic nuptials.
For narrow as are the channels between Cuba and the opposite coast of Central America, between the Bahamas and Florida, and between Grenada and Tobago, the fauna of the Antillean chain, instead of being a mixture of that of the almost contiguous countries, differs, much from all, and exhibits in some groups a degree of speciality which may be not unfitly compared with that of oceanic islands..
The order is practically cosmopolitan, with the exception of New Zealand and certain absolutely isolated oceanic islands, like the Hawaiian islands and the Azores.
The following paragraphs review the oceanic islands generally, and are therefore concerned almost entirely with the central and mid-western parts of the ocean.
In1525-1527Garcia Jofre de Loyasa sailed to the Moluccas, but, like Magellan, missed the bulk of the oceanic islands.
In the oceanic islands of the Pacific three different peoples occur, who have been called Melanesians, Polynesians and Micronesians.'
That the oceanic blacks form one family there can be no doubt, and it is evidence of the immensely remote date at which their dispersion began that they have a multitude of languages often unintelligible except locally, and an extraordinary variety of insular customs: differentiations which must have needed centuries to be effected.
Codrington (Melanesian Languages) has adduced evidence to prove that Melanesia is the most primitive form of the oceanic stock-language, and that both Malays and Polynesians speak later dialects of this archaic form of speech.
One geniis of Hydrometridae (Halobates) is even oceanic in its habit, the species being met with skimming over the surface of the sea hundreds of miles from land.
The Hydrometridae are a large family including the pond-skaters and other dwellers on the surface-film of fresh water, as well as the remarkable oceanic genus Halobates already referred to.
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