There are about thirty nonconformist chapels, in nearly a third of which the services are Welsh.
GEORGE BURDER (1752-1832), English Nonconformist divine, was born in London on the 5th of June 1752.
JOSEPH PRIESTLEY (1733-1804), English chemist and Nonconformist minister, was born on the 13th of March 1733 at Fieldhead, a hamlet near Birstal in the West Riding of Yorkshire.
The Marriage Act 1898 dispensed with the necessity of the attendance of a registrar at marriages celebrated at a nonconformist place of worship, substituting in place thereof a person duly authorized by the trustees of the place of worship, if the persons intending to be married so desire; but the parties may, if they wish, still require the presence of the registrar.
It was Whig in politics and Nonconformist in theology.
The church of St Martin was built in 1879, and there are Nonconformist chapels.
VAVASOR POWELL (1617-1670), Welsh Nonconformist, was by birth a Radnorshire man and was educated at Jesus College, Oxford.
Its promoters declared their intention of maintaining cordial relations with Nonconformist z J.
JOHN BROWN PATON (1830-), British Nonconformist divine, was born on the 57th of December 1830.
Where the tenets and authorities of a nonconformist body come in question, they must be proved by evidence.
But his aunt was anxious for him to be a minister, as he himself desired, and therefore in 1752, when his health had improved, he went to Daventry to attend the Nonconformist academy formerly carried on by Dr P. Doddridge at Northampton.
This question was settled after 1662 by the secession of the Nonconformist clergy, and no more was heard of the matter until the "Oxford movement" in the 10th century.
This was the source of his intense dislike of the Puritan and Nonconformist conception of the church, which afforded no tangible or definite form.
The scriptural name is due, as often in Wales, to the village or hamlet taking its title from the Nonconformist church.
He laboured for the attainment of a united Nonconformist body, which should retain the cultured element without alienating the uneducated.
No Puritan nonconformist name is so affectionately cherished as is that of Joseph Alleine.
STEPHEN MARSHALL (c. 15941 655), English Nonconformist divine, was born at Godmanchester in Huntingdonshire, and was educated at Emmanuel College, Cambridge (M.A.
UNITED METHODIST CHURCH, or United Methodists, and English Nonconformist community formed in 1907 by the union of the Methodist New Connexion (1797), the Bible Christians (1815), and the United Methodist Free Churches (18J7).
The Savoy Declaration of 1658 defines the theory and practice of the older English Nonconformist churches in the section on the "Institution of Churches and the Order appointed in them by Jesus Christ" (xix.).
ISAAC TODHUNTER (1820-1884), English mathematician, son of George Todhunter, a Nonconformist minister, was born at Rye on the 23rd of November 1820.
It came into being in 1817 and gradually gained the position of a tolerated nonconformist church (1845 being the date of its complete recognition by the state).
A nonconformist body is in law nothing more than a voluntary association, whose members may enforce discipline by any tribunal assented to by them, but must be subject in the last degree to the courts of the realm.
- A nonconformist minister is not in holy orders, and his chapel is not a consecrated building.
The objections raised from the Nonconformist point of view were numerous and varied, but they were thoroughly discussed between the first meeting on the 15th of April and the last on the 24th of July 1661; the bishops agreeing to meet the Puritan wishes on a few minor points but on none of fundamental importance.
THOMAS GEE (1815-1898), Welsh Nonconformist preacher and journalist, was born at Denbigh on the 24th of January 1815.
MATTHEW NEWCOMEN (c. 1610-1669), English nonconformist divine, was born about 1610 and educated at St John's College, Cambridge (M.A.
CHARLES HADDON SPURGEON (1834-1892), English Nonconformist divine, was born at Kelvedon, Essex, on the 19th of June 1834.
Nonconformist priest Avvakum 2 following in chains the ex ploring party of Pashkov on the Amur.
THOMAS MANTON (1620-1677), English Nonconformist divine, was born at Laurence Lydiard, Somerset, in 1620, and was educated at Hart Hall, Oxford.
John Hodgson (1779-1845), the historian of Northumberland, in a short memoir published in 1831, held that he was born in 1685, at Pinkie House, in the parish of Inveresk, Midlothian, and that his father was a Northumberland Nonconformist, who had migrated to Scotland, but returned to England soon after the Revolution of 1688.
ADAM CLARKE (1762?-1832), British Nonconformist divine, was born at Moybeg, Co.
The dates of his chief works are as follows: 1842, Letters to the Nonconformist, "The Proper Sphere of Government."
DANIEL DEFOE (c. 1659-1731), English author, was born in the parish of St Giles, Cripplegate, London, in the latter part of 1659 or early in 1660, of a nonconformist family.
He was a zealous advocate of the doctrine of passive obedience, and strongly opposed the Toleration Act, declaiming in unmeasured terms against the various Nonconformist sects.
In England the rivalry was not between Catholic and Reformer, but between Anglican and Nonconformist, or, if we may use the wide but less correct term, Puritan.
Most of the recent buildings for worship erected by Nonconformist bodies will be found to be styled Wesleyan, Congregational, &c., churches.
DOUKHOBORS, a name given by the Russian Orthodox clergy to a community of nonconformist peasants.
By Lord Lyndhurst's act, the Nonconformist Chapels Act 1844, where no particular religious doctrine or mode of worship has been prescribed by the deed or instrument of trust the usage of the congregation for twenty-five years is to be taken as conclusive evidence of the doctrine and worship which may be properly observed in such meeting-houses.
Similar matters arising in nonconformist bodies can only be tried by the ordinary secular courts, and generally depend upon the question whether a minister has done any act which is not in accordance with the rules governing the particular body of which he is a minister.
& Mar., c. 18, a'minister, preacher or teacher of a nonconformist congregation is exempt from certain parochial offices, as that of churchwarden.
WILLIAM MORLEY PUNSHON (1824-1881), English Nonconformist divine, was born at Doncaster, Yorkshire, on the 29th of May 1824.
JOSEPH CARYL (1602-1673), English Nonconformist divine, was born in London in 1602.
The Anglican societies and the regular and older Nonconformist societies (Methodist, Baptist, Presbyterian and the London Missionary Society, which is virtually Congregationalist) have shared in these humbler recruits; but a large proportion of them have joined several younger " non-denominational " or " interdenominational " missions.
But the Church of England has not yet put missions in the prominent place they occupy in the Nonconformist denominations.
DAVID BOGUE (1750-1825), British nonconformist divine, was born in the parish of Coldingham, Berwickshire.
In 1729, at a general meeting of Nonconformist ministers, he was chosen to conduct the academy established in that year at Market Harborough.
JOHN ELIAS (1774-1841), Welsh Nonconformist preacher and reformer, was born on the 2nd of May 1774, in the parish of Abererch, Carnarvonshire.
By that act the ceremony of marriage might be performed in a nonconformist place of worship, but it must be after due notice to the superintendent registrar and in his presence or in that of a registrar, and the building must be one that is duly certified for marriages.
The use of "chapel" as a common term for all Nonconformist places of worship was general through most of the 19th century, so that "church and chapel" was the usual phrase to mark the distinction between members of the established Church and those of Nonconformist bodies.
PHILIP DODDRIDGE (1702-1751), English Nonconformist divine, was born in London on the 26th of June 1702.
The "three hours" service, borrowed from Roman Catholic usage and consisting of prayers, addresses on the "seven last words from the cross" and intervals for meditation and silent prayer, has become very popular in the Anglican Church, and the observance of the day is more marked than formerly among Nonconformist bodies, even in Scotland.
WILLIAM GODWIN (1756-1836), English political and miscellaneous writer, son of a Nonconformist minister, was born on the 3rd of March 1756, at Wisbeach in Cambridgeshire.
He was an ardent Nonconformist, proud to number among his ancestors John Gratton, a friend of George Fox, and one of the persecuted and imprisoned preachers of the Society of Friends.
In the new parliament, as in the previous session, he opposed legislation restricting the hours of labour, and, as a Nonconformist, spoke against clerical control of national education.
He came of a middle-class Yorkshire family of pronounced Liberal and Nonconformist views, and was educated under Dr Edwin Abbott at the City of London school, from which he went as a scholar to Balliol, Oxford; there he had a distinguished career, taking a first-class in classics, winning the Craven scholarship and being elected a fellow of his college.
The majority of the population is Nonconformist in religion, the chief denominations being the Baptists, Calvinistic Methodists and Congregationalists.
After a few years the father quarrelled with the Russian government, and went to England, where he obtained a professorship of natural history and the modern languages at the famous nonconformist academy at Warrington.
In the summer of 1864 a sermon which he preached and printed on Baptismal Regeneration (a doctrine which he strenuously repudiated, maintaining that immersion was only an outward and visible sign of the inward conversion) led to a difference with the bulk of the Evangelical party, both Nonconformist and Anglican.
ALEXANDER MACKENNAL (1835-1904), English Nonconformist divine, was born at Truro in Cornwall, on the 14th of January 1835, the son of Patrick Mackennal, a Scot, who had settled in Cornwall.
His Vindiciae Pietatis (which first appeared in 1660) was refused licence by Archbishop Sheldon, and was published, in common with other nonconformist books, without it.
He could not, however, be called more than a moderate Nonconformist; and such he continued to be throughout his life.
While, however, it is now not unusual to speak of "the Nonconformist.
THOMAS CHARLES (1755-1814), Welsh Nonconformist divine, was born of humble parentage at Longmoor, in the parish of Llanfihangel Abercywyn, near St Clears, Carmarthenshire, on the 14th of October 1755.
There are three Roman Catholic churches, a Free Kirk, an American mission, and several chapels belonging to Nonconformist sects.
His pall-bearers comprised representatives of literature, of science, of both Houses of Parliament, of theology, Anglican and Nonconformist, and of the universities of Oxford and Cambridge.
PETER TAYLOR FORSYTH (1848-), British Nonconformist divine, was born at Aberdeen in 1848.
Binney was the pioneer in a much-needed improvement of the forms of service in Nonconformist churches, and gave a special impulse to congregational psalmody by the publication of a book entitled The Service of Song in the House of the Lord.
EDWARD MIALL (1809-1881), English Nonconformist divine and journalist, was born at Portsmouth on the 8th of May 1809.
He was Congregational minister at Ware (1831) and Leicester (1834), and in 1841 founded the Nonconformist, a weekly newspaper in which he advocated the cause of disestablishment.
James Wood, who became Nonconformist minister in the chapel at Atherton in 1691, earned fame and the familiar title of "General" by raising a force from his congregation, uncouthly armed, to fight against the troops of the Pretender (1715).
WILLIAM JAY (1769-1853), English Nonconformist divine, was born at Tisbury in Wiltshire on the 6th of May 1769.
The priest is, unlike the nonconformist minister, regarded as being in holy orders.
HENRY ALLON (1818-1892), English Nonconformist divine, was born on the 13th of October 1818 at Welton near Hull in Yorkshire.
Still more recently the term "nonconformist" has in its turn, as the political attack on the principle of a state establishment of religion developed, tended to give place to the style of "Free Churches" and "Free Churchman."
All three terms are now in use, "nonconformist" being the most usual, as it is the most colourless.
Not only are such names as Horeb, Zion, Penuel, Siloh, &c., bestowed on Nonconformist chapels, but these Biblical terms have likewise been applied to their surrounding houses, and in not a few instances to growing towns and villages.
of Independents at Llanfaches, which is thus commonly accounted the first Nonconformist chapel in Wales.
UNITED METHODIST FREE CHURCHES, an English Nonconformist community merged since 1907 in the United Methodist Church (q.v.).
There are a Nonconformist grammar school, a diocesan training college for mistresses, and other educational establishments.
HUGH PRICE HUGHES (1847-1902), British Nonconformist divine, was born at Carmarthen on the 8th of February 1847, the son of a surgeon.
He had started in 1885 the Methodist Times, and rapidly made it a leading organ of Nonconformist opinion.
Stead in 1885, as he had earlier supported Mrs Josephine Butler in a similar cause; he attacked the trade in alcohol; was an anti-vivisectionist; he advocated arbitration; and his vehement attacks on Sir Charles Dilke and Charles Stewart Parnell originated the phrase the "Nonconformist conscience."
He differed strongly, however, from a large section of Nonconformist opinion in his defence of the South African War.
His energies were largely devoted to co-operation among the various Nonconformist bodies, and he was one of the founders and most energetic members of the National Council of the Evangelical Free Churches.
Home-controversy engaged him again, and he prepared his Fresh Suit against Ceremonies - the book`which made Richard Baxter a Nonconformist.
There are 26 other churches and io mission rooms belonging to the Church of England, besides 2 Roman Catholic churches, a synagogue and 84 Nonconformist chapels (31 Welsh and 53 English) and zo mission rooms, but all are modern buildings.
THOMAS CHARLES EDWARDS (1837-1900), Welsh Nonconformist divine and educationist, was born at Bala, Merioneth, on the 22nd of September 1837, the son of Lewis Edwards.
The more important nonconformist churches are fully dealt with under their several headings.
The above table, however, based on that in the Statesman's Year-Book for 1908, and giving the comparative statistics of the chief nonconformist churches, may be useful for purposes of comparison.
JOHN CLIFFORD (1836-), British Nonconformist minister and politician, son of a warp-machinist at Sawley, Derbyshire, was born on the 16th of October 1836.
As a preacher, writer, propagandist and ardent Liberal politician, he became a power in the Nonconformist body.
FREE CHURCH FEDERATION, a voluntary association of British Nonconformist churches for co-operation in religious, social and civil work.
About 1890 the proposal that there should be a Nonconformist Church Congress analogous to the Anglican Church Congress was seriously considered, and the first was held in Manchester on the 7th of November 1892.
1 Bunyan had joined, in 1653, the nonconformist community which met under a certain Mr Gifford at St John's church, Bedford.
He would have thought it a sin to borrow any time from the serious business of his life, from his expositions, ' His formal pardon is dated the 13th of September 1672; but five months earlier he had received a royal licence to preach, and acted for the next three years as pastor of the nonconformist body to which he belonged, in a barn on the site of which stands the present Bunyan Meeting.
The Rev. Stephen Bachiler, an Oxford man and a Churchman, who became a Nonconformist and emigrated to Boston in 1632, was one of her forebears and also an ancestor of Daniel Webster.
His sincere piety made him the intimate friend of Isaac Barrow, Archbishop Tillotson, Bishop Wilkins and Bishop Stillingfleet, as well as of the Nonconformist leader, Richard Baxter.
NONCONFORMIST, a term denoting historically (a) those persons who at the beginning of the 17th century refused to conform to certain practices, e.g.
In current usage the term" nonconformist " is applied in Great Britain to any member of a church not conforming to the ceremonies, worship and doctrines (" forms ") of the Church of England, but is generally used of a member of the so-called Free Churches, or Protestant Dissenters, and is not usually applied to Roman Catholics.
Aberdare, with the ecclesiastical parishes of St Fagan's (Trecynon) and Aberaman carved out of the ancient parish, has some twelve Anglican churches, one Roman Catholic church (built in 1866 in Monk Street near the site of a cell attached to Penrhys Abbey) and over fifty Nonconformist chapels.
In 1669 he resigned his parish to become professor of divinity in the university of Glasgow, and in the same year he published an exposition of his ecclesiastical views in his Modest and Free Conference between a Conformist and a Nonconformist (by "a lover of peace").
ANDREW KIPPIS (1725-1795), English nonconformist divine and biographer, son of Robert Kippis, a silk-hosier, was born at Nottingham on the 28th of March 1725.
From school at Sleaford in Lincolnshire he passed at the age of sixteen to the nonconformist academy at Northampton, of which Dr Doddridge was then president.
The Irish bishops remained silent, while in England the " Nonconformist conscience " revolted.
He had to choose between the Nonconformist vote and the Irish leader, and he preferred the former.
In 1870 he was elected a member of the first school board for Birmingham; and for the next six years, and especially after 1873, when he became leader of a majority and chairman, he actively championed the Nonconformist opposition to denominationalism.
MATTHEW POOLE (1624-1679), English Nonconformist theologian, was born at York, educated at Emmanuel College, Cambridge, and from 1649 till the passing of the Act of Uniformity (1662) held the rectory of St Michael le Querne, London.
- a work which was completed by several of his Nonconformist brethren, and published in 2 vols.
METHODIST NEW CONNEXION, a Protestant Nonconformist Church, formed in 1797 by secession from the Wesleyan Methodists, and merged in 1907 into the United Methodist Church (q.v.).
ANDREW MARTIN FAIRBAIRN (1838-), British Nonconformist divine, was born near Edinburgh on the 4th of November 1838.
Landlords could also refuse to let their tenants have land on which to build nonconformist chapels and meeting houses.
dissenters in the 17th century and only short-lived congregations before the establishment in 1883-4 of the first surviving nonconformist church.
nonconformist evangelicals the ecumenicalism of Packer and others and their refusal to abandon a compromised institutional church was threatening the gospel.
nonconformist church registers held at the record office.
nonconformist minister from 1811 till his death in 1829.
nonconformist religions were starting to form in England.
Where were the Nonconformist organs, and the anxious seekers after divine light in creed and rationality in church polity?
AUGUSTINE BIRRELL (1850-), English author and politician, son of a Nonconformist minister, was born near Liverpool on the 19th of January 1850.
12, a nonconformist minister (as is a clerk in holy orders) is disqualified from being elected an alderman or councillor of a town council, but under the Local Government Act 1888 a clerk in holy orders, or other minister of religion, may be a councillor or alderman of a county council, and, under the London Government Act 1899, of a metropolitan borough.
His Friendly Debate between a Conformist and a Nonconformist was a controversial tract which excited considerable feeling at the time of its publication in 1668, but he lived long enough to soothe by his moderation and candour the exasperation it had caused.
In this connotation the terms "dissenter" and "dissenting," which had acquired a somewhat contemptuous flavour, have tended since the middle of the 19th century to be replaced by "nonconformist," a term which did not originally imply secession, but only refusal to conform in certain particulars (e.g.
Since the beginning of the 19th century dissent has been strongly represented in the Principality, the combined numbers of the various Nonconformist bodies far outstripping the adherents of the Church.
JOSEPH ALLEINE (1634-1668), English Nonconformist divine, belonged to a family originally settled in Suffolk.
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