How to use Nitrated in a sentence
At the time these products were thought to be related to the nitrated starch obtained a little previously by Henri Braconnot and called xyloidin; they are only related in so far as they are nitrates.
The nitrated product retains the outward form of the original cellulose.
Alkali sulphohydrates reduce guncotton, or other nitrated celluloses, completely to cellulose.
The so-called collodion cottons are nitrated celluloses, but of a lower degree of nitration (as a rule) than guncotton.
To prevent the freezing of nitroglycerin in dynamite it has been proposed to add various substances, such as chlordinitroglycerin, nitrated diglycerin or tetranitrodiglycerol, and also mono-and di-nitroglycerin.Advertisement
Aniline and similar bases are oxidized and partially nitrated by nitroglycerin, with the production of non-explosive compounds.
It is readily nitrated to nitrobenzene, two, and even three nitro groups being introduced if some dehydrator such as concentrated sulphuric acid be present.
The reverse series of operations was also carried out by the Fischers, triphenylmethane being nitrated, and the nitro compound then reduced to triaminotriphenylmethane or paraleucaniline, which on careful oxidation is converted into the dyestuff.
It yields a nitroso derivative, is nitrated by nitric acid to dilituric acid and brominated by bromine.
One of the most important of his investigations had to do with the manufacture of guncotton, and he developed a process, consisting essentially of reducing the nitrated cotton to fine pulp, which enabled it to be prepared with practically no danger and at the same time yielded the product in a form that increased its usefulness.Advertisement
It is readily brominated and nitrated; when the nitration is carried out in the presence of sulphuric acid, the nitro-groups take up the meta position with regard to the amino-groups.
Heavily nitrated hay is reputed to produce excessive urination and irritation of the bladder.
In practice this usually occurs; for example, on further bromination, a-bromonaphthalene yields a mixture of the (i.4) and (1.5) dibromonaphthalenes; and when nitronaphthalene is either brominated, or nitrated or sulphonated, the action is practically confined to the second ring.