NIETZSCHE, FRIEDRICH WILHELM (1844-1900), German philosopher, was the son of the pastor at Recken, near Leipzig, where he was born on 15th October 1844.
His biography, by his sister, Elisabeth Forster-Nietzsche (Das Leben Friedrich Nietzsches, 1895 ff.), reached its third volume in 1907.
Nietzsche: his Life and Work, 1908), the latter of a somewhat popular character.
Brandes first drew European attention to Nietzsche by his famous essay in 1889; since then an enormous literature has grown up round the subject.
Nietzsche in seinen Werken (1894); A.
Nietzsche (1897; 3rd ed., 1901); F.
TÃ¶nnies, Nietzsche-Kultus (1897); H.
Nietzsche (in Affirmations, 1898); H.
Lichtenberger, La Philosophie de Nietzsche (1895; German trans., 1899); E.
Nietzsche (1900); T.
Nietzsche (1900); J.
Nietzsche (1901); R.
Nietzsche, sein Leben und sein Werk (1903); G.
Simmel, Schopenhauer und Nietzsche (1907).
Nietzsche, who afterwards, passing from the philosophy of will to the theory of evolution, ended by imagining that the struggle of the will to live produces the survival of the fittest, that is, the right of the strongest and the will to exercise power, which by means of selection may hereafter issue in a new species of superior man - the Uebermensch.
John Tanner (Juan Tenor) is a voluble exponent of Schopenhauer and Nietzsche, who finally falls a victim to the life force in Ann.
Simmel, Schopenhauer and Nietzsche (1907); F.
Nietzsche (1904); M.
With all these faults, and in spite of a terrible vulgarity of mind, an absence of humour, and a boundless confidence in the philosophy of Nietzsche, Strindberg is a writer of very remarkable power and unquestionable originality.
The most remarkable statement of this point of view is that of Friedrich Nietzsche, who went so far as to denounce all forms of self-denial as cowardice: - let every one who is strong seek to make himself dominant at the expense of the weak.
Yet it has been a true instinct which has led popular opinion as testified to by current literature to find in Nietzsche the most orthodox exponent of Darwinian ideas in their application to ethics.
Consequently Nietzsche in effect maintains the following paradoxical position: he explains the existence of altruism upon egoistical principles; he advocates the total abolition of all altruism by carrying these same egoistical principles to their logical conclusion; he nevertheless appeals to that moral instinct which makes men ready to sacrifice their own narrow personal interests to the higher good of society - an instinct profoundly altruistic in character - as the ultimate justification of the ethics he enunciates.
Thus, though incidentally there is much to be learned from Nietzsche, especially from his criticism of the ethics of pessimism, or from the strictures he passes upon the negative morality of extreme asceticism or quietism, his system inevitably provides its own refutation.
Men desire strength or power not as ends but as means to ends beyond them; Nietzsche is most convincing when the Ubermensch is left undefined.
As morality depicts him, he becomes intelligible; imagined as Nietzsche describes him he reels back into the beast, and that distinction which chiefly separates man from the animal world out of which he has emerged, viz.
With all due respect to Nietzsche, we have looked long into the Abyss, but the Abyss has not looked back into us.
If you like having sore muscles at the end of a day or working a job that requires little of your mental capacity so you can contemplate Nietzsche, hey, more power to you.