Nickel sentence example
Small amounts of nickel and cobalt are often present.
At one point, Tiger Woods got a dime for every box of Wheaties cereal with his photo on it, while the farmer was paid only a nickel for the wheat in that same box—and the farmer still made a profit.
Taylor Jones showed in 1897 that only a small proportion of the contraction exhibited by a nickel wire when magnetized could be accounted for on Kirchhoff's theory from the observed effects of pulling stress upon magnetization; and in a more extended series of observations Nagaoka and Honda found wide quantitative divergences between the results of experiment and calculation, though in nearly all cases there was agreement as to quality.
Even under so " moderate " a load as 33 kilogrammes per square mm., the induced magnetization of a hard-drawn nickel wire in a field of 60 fell from 386 to 72 units, while the residual was reduced from about 280 to io.
It contains, however, more nickel and also phosphorus.Advertisement
He jabbed his thumb toward the wall behind him, where she made out the slender nickel doorknob in the space between two shelves of ancient books.
I swear on my old lady's head we never touched a nickel of it—never even opened the damn suitcases.
This salt may be used for the separation of cobalt and nickel, since the latter metal does not form a similar double nitrite, but it is necessary that the alkaline earth metals should be absent, for in their presence nickel forms complex nitrites containing the alkaline earth metal and the alkali metal.
The interspace is filled with a very small quantity of nickel and silver filings, about 95 per cent.
Of the impurities, most of the copper, nickel and copper, considerable arsenic, some antimony and small amounts of silver are removed by liquation.Advertisement
Since, for example, stretching diminishes 'the magnetization of nickel, it follows from theory that the length of a nickel rod should be diminished by magnetization and conversely.
Nickel carbonyl, however, is extremely poisonous.
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Why would all that junk be abandoned in the first place if it was worth a plugged nickel?
Later, while attempting to utilize the gas for the production of electricity by means of a Grove gas battery, he noticed that the carbon monoxide contained in it combined with nickel.Advertisement
Cobalt is deposited by a method analogous to that used for its sistermetal nickel.
It has been shown by Kennelly (Electrician, 1892, 28, 666) that Steinmetz's formula gives approximately correct results in the case Of nickel.
There were reasons for believing that no Villari reversal would be found in nickel.
In the iron cylinder and ovoid, which expanded when magnetized, compression caused a diminution of magnetization; in the nickel rod, which contracted when magnetized, pressure was attended by an increase of magnetization.
Now nickel contracts instead of lengthening when it is magnetized, and an experiment by Knott showed, as he expected, that caeteris paribus a nickel wire twists in a sense opposite to that in which iron twists.Advertisement
The Wiedemann effect being positive for iron is negative for nickel.
Morris's results for iron, and gives some additional observations for steel, nickel and cobalt.
As thus defined the critical temperatures for iron, nickel and cobalt were 1 Journ.
The hysteresis-loss in Swedish iron was decreased for inductions below about 9000 and increased for higher inductions; in tungsten-steel, nickel and cobalt the hysteresis-loss was always increased by cooling.
An alloy containing about 3 parts of iron and I of nickel - both strongly magnetic metals - is under ordinary conditions practically non-magnetizable (1 1=1'4 for any value of H).Advertisement
Alloys containing different proportions of nickel were found to exhibit the phenomenon, but the two critical temperatures were less widely separated.
They found that the hysteresis-loss, which at ordinary temperatures is very small, was increased in liquid air, the increase for the alloys containing less than 30% of nickel being enormous.
The permeability of the alloys containing from 1 to 4.7% of nickel, though less than that of good soft iron for magnetizing forces up to about 20 or 30, was greater for higher forces, the induction reached in a field of 240 being nearly 21,700.
The induction for considerable forces was found to be greater in a steel containing 73% of nickel than in one with only 33%, though the permeability of pure nickel is much less than that of iron.
When nickel was added to the iron in increasing quantities the coercive force increased until the proportion of nickel reached 20%; then it diminished, and when the proportion of nickel was 32% the coercive force had fallen to the exceedingly low value of 0.5.
Certain non-magnetizable alloys of nickel, chromium-nickel and chromium-manganese were rendered magnetizable by annealing.
Now iron, nickel and cobalt all lose their magnetic quality when heated above certain critical temperatures which vary greatly for the three metals, and it was suspected by Faraday 3 as early as 1845 that manganese might really be a ferromagnetic metal having a critical temperature much below the ordinary temperature of the air.
The hysteretic exponent is therefore much higher than in the case of iron, nickel and cobalt, for which its value is approximately I.6.
Nickel was believed by Thomson to behave oppositely to iron, becoming negative when magnetized; but though his conclusion was accepted for nearly fifty years, it has recently been shown to be an erroneous one, based, no doubt, upon the result of an experiment with an impure specimen.
Nickel when magnetized is always positive to the unmagnetized metal.
He also experimented with nickel and again found a resemblance to the strain curve.
Bidwell," who, adopting special precautions against sources of error by which former work was probably affected, measured the changes of thermo-electric force for iron, steel, nickel and cobalt produced by magnetic fields up to I Soo units.
In the case of iron and nickel it was found that, when correction was made for mechanical stress due to magnetization, magnetic change of thermo-electric force was, within the limits of experimental error, proportional to magnetic change of length.
The sign of the thermo-electric effect for nickel, as given by Rhoads, is incorrect.
In nickel the maximum change of the elastic constants is remarkably large, .amounting to about 15% for Young's modulus and 7% for rigidity; with increasing fields the elastic constants first decrease and then increase.
In nickel-steels containing about 50 and 70% of nickel the maximum increase of the constants is as much as 7 or 8%.
Metallic money is limited to nickel and bronze coins, but in 1906 the government was authorized to purchase bar silver for the coinage of pieces of the denomination of two milreis, one milreis and 500 reis (2-milreis).
The mother liquor includes generally more or less of nickel, cobalt, zinc and other heavy metals, which, as Wailer showed, can be removed as insoluble sulphides by the addition of ammonium sulphide; uranium, under the circumstances, is not precipitated by this reagent.
Silver and nickel are legal tender for 50 and 20 bolivares respectively.
On the one hand he worked out the general theory of the magnetic circuit in the dynamo (in conjunction with his brother Edward), and the theory of alternating currents, and conducted a long series of observations on the phenomena attending magnetization in iron, nickel and the curious alloys of the two which can exist both in a magnetic and non-magnetic state at the same temperature.
Other metals, such as manganese, copper, nickel, may show their presence by characteristic colours.
Nickel with a potash-lead glass gives a violet colour, and a brown colour with a soda-lime glass.
Gold, silver, copper, lead, aluminium, cadmium, iron (pure), nickel and cobalt are practically amorphous, the crystals (where they exist) being so closely packed as to produce a virtually homogeneous mass.
Of the rest, the following are readily oxidized by steam at a red heat, with formation of hydrogen gas - zinc, iron, cadmium, cobalt, nickel, tin.
Basins made of pure malleable nickel are free from this drawback; they work as well as platinum, and rather better than silver ones do.
The main mineral deposits are the nickel ores, occurring as veins of garnierite, associated with peridotite dikes, in the ancient rocks of the eastern slope of the island.
The yearly output of nickel and chrome is considerable, and these minerals, with cobalt, constitute the characteristic wealth of the island.
The island imports wines, spirits, tissues, clothing and ironmongery; and exports ores, nickel, cobalt and chrome (which represent over three-quarters of the total exports in value), preserved meats and hides, coffee, copra and other colonial produce.
Zinc being more electro-positive even than nickel, all the heavy metals must be removed before its deposition is attempted.
It is chemically related to cadmium and mercury, the resemblance to cadmium being especially well marked; one distinction is that zinc is less basigenic. Zinc is capable of isomorphously replacing many of the bivalent metals - magnesium, manganese, iron, nickel, cobalt and cadmium.
His contributions to inorganic chemistry were numerous, including investigations on the compounds of antimony, aluminium, silicon, &c., on the separation of nickel and cobalt, and on the analysis of mineral waters, but they are outweighed in importance by his work on organic substances.
Thus nickel, which was formerly used in the manufacture of " German silver " as a substitute for silver, is now widely employed in naval construction and in the manufacture of steel armourplate and projectiles.
A nickel steel containing 36% of nickel has the property of retaining an almost constant volume when heated or cooled through a considerable range of temperature; it is therefore useful for the construction of pendulums and for measures of length.
Another steel containing 45% of nickel has, like platinum, the same coefficient of expansion as glass.
Eleven parts of gold and i of nickel yield an alloy resembling brass.
The crude metal obtained by the preceding processes is generally contaminated by arsenic, sulphur, iron, nickel, cobalt and antimony, and sometimes with silver or gold.
Many of the elements such as copper, lead, zinc, nickel, cobalt and manganese have only been found in the substance of sea-weeds and corals.
It combines with many metallic sulphates (silver, zinc, cobalt, nickel, &c.) to form double sulphates of the type Cs2S04 RS04.6H20.
The best metals for coinage are gold, silver, platinum, copper, tin, nickel, aluminium, zinc, iron, and their alloys; certain alloys of gold, silver, copper and nickel have the best combination of the required qualities.
Nickel has been found near Keller in Ferry county, and molybdenum near Davenport, Lincoln (disambiguation)|Lincoln county.
Henri Moissan obtained the metal of 99% purity by electrolysing calcium iodide at a low red heat, using a nickel cathode and a graphite anode; he also showed that a more convenient process consisted in heating the iodide with an excess of sodium, forming an amalgam of the product, and removing the sodium by means of absolute alcohol (which has but little action on calcium), and the mercury by distillation.
The latter begin to oxidize before the ley has come up to the traditional strength of specific gravity 1.333 when cold, while nickel is not attacked so long as the percentage of real KHO is short of 60.
For the fusion of the dry hydrate nickel vessels cannot be used; in fact, even silver is perceptibly attacked as soon as all the excess of water is away; absolutely pure KHO can be produced only in gold vessels.
For ordinary standards of length Guillaume's alloy (invar) of nickel (35.7%) and steel (64.3%) is used, as it is a metal that can be highly polished, and is capable of receiving fine graduations.
The general's supremacy received a shock when the eleventh general congregation appointed Oliva as vicar, with the right of succession and powers that practically superseded those of the general Goswin Nickel, whose infirmities, it is said, did not permit him to govern with the necessary application and vigour; and an attempt was made to depose Tirso Gonzalez, the thirteenth general, whose views on probabilism diverged from those favoured by the rest of the Jesuits.
The coinage of Mexico, now concentrated at the mint in the capital (all others having been closed) is based (since November 28, 1867) on the decimal system - the peso being divided into 100 centavos - and consists of gold, silver, nickel and bronze coins, whose weight and fineness are determined by the monetary law of 1904.
Fractional silver coin is not legal tender above 20 pesos, and bronze and nickel coins not above 1 peso, but the government maintains conversion offices where such coins can be converted into silver pesos without loss.
Prospect, at the base of which there is a vein of pyrrhotite, with small quantities of nickel and copper.
The nickel coins include the real (nominal value 6d.), half-real and quarter-real.
Antimony, bismuth, selenium, tellurium, chromic iron ore, tin, nickel, cobalt, vanadium, titanium, molybdenum, uranium and tantalum are produced in the United States in small amounts, but such production in several cases has amounted to only slight discoveries, and in general they are of little importance in the market.
The Keewatin and Huronian, consisting of greenstones, schists and more or less metamorphosed sedimentary rocks, are of special interest for their ore deposits, which include most of the important metals, particularly iron, nickel, copper and silver.
Summing up the economic features of the Cordilleran belt, it includes many of the best coal-mines and the most extensive deposits of gold, copper, lead and zinc of the Dominion, while in silver, nickel and iron Ontario takes the lead.
Sudbury, in Ontario, is the centre of the nickel production of the world, the mines being chiefly in American hands, and the product exported to the United States.
The discovery of large deposits of nickel at Sudbury; of extremely rich gold mines on the head-waters of the Yukon, in a region previously considered well-nigh worthless for human habitation; of extensive areas of gold, copper and silver ores in the mountain regions of British Columbia; of immense coal deposits in the Crow's Nest Pass of the same province and on the prairies; of veins of silver and cobalt of extraordinary richness in northern Ontario - all deeply affected the industrial condition of the country and illustrated the vastness of its undeveloped resources.
Epsom salts crystallizes in the orthorhombic system, being isomorphous with the corresponding zinc and nickel sulphates, and also with magnesium chromate.
Many metals, of which copper, silver and nickel are types, can be readily won or purified by the electrolysis of aqueous solutions, and theoretically it may be feasible to treat aluminium in an identical manner.
This subject is far from being exhausted, and it is not improbable that the alloy-producing capacity of aluminium may eventually prove its most valuable characteristic. In the meantime, ternary light alloys appear the most satisfactory, and tungsten and copper, or tungsten and nickel, seem to be the best substances to add.
Practically, however, it frequently contains other metals, such as copper, cobalt and nickel.
The presence of copper, nickel and arsenic is possibly due in many cases to traces of kindred minerals, like chalcopyrite, pentlandite and mispickel.
A problem to which he returned repeatedly was that of separating nickel and cobalt from their ores and freeing them from arsenic; and in the course of his long laboratory practice he worked out numerous processes for the preparation of pure chemicals and methods of exact analysis.
The important manganese steels of commerce and certain nickel steels are manganiferous and niccoliferous austenite, unmagnetic and hard but ductile.
Austenite may contain carbon in any proportion up to about 2.2 It is non-magnetic, and, when preserved in the cold either by quenching or by the presence of manganese, nickel, &c., it has a very remarkable combination of great malleability with very marked hardness, though it is less hard than common carbon steel is when hardened, and probably less hard than martensite.
Only in the presence of much manganese, nickel, or their equivalent can the true austenite be preserved in the cold so completely that the steel remains non-magnetic.
These steels then normally consist of y-iron, modified by the large amount of nickel or manganese with which it is alloyed.
They are non-magnetic or very feebly magnetic. But the critical points of such nickel steel though thus depressed, are not destroyed; and if it is cooled in liquid air below its Ar, it passes to the a state and becomes magnetic.
Manganese steel and nickel steel form an important exception to this rule, in being at once very strong and hard and extremely ductile.
Nickel steel, which usually contains from 3 to 3.50% of nickel and about 0.25% of carbon, combines very great tensile strength and hardness, and a very high limit of elasticity, with great ductility.
For instance, following Krupp's formula, the side and barbette armour of war-vessels is now generally if not universally made of nickel steel containing about 3.25% of nickel, 0.40% of carbon, and 1.50% of chromium, deeply carburized on its impact face.
Here the merit of nickel steel is not so much that it resists perforation, as that it does not crack even when deeply penetrated by a projectile.
In a direct competitive test the presence of 3.25% of nickel increased nearly sixfold the number of rotations which a steel shaft would endure before breaking.
Nickel money is for 5, Io and 20 centimes, and the copper coinage has been withdrawn from circulation.
The presence of sulphur, nickel, &c., in the iron appears to favour the production of the diamond.
Of other minerals (with the exceptions of coal, iron and salt treated below) nickel and antimony are found in the upper Harz; cobalt in the hilly districts of Hesse and the Saxon Erzgebirge; arsenic in the Riesengebirge; quicksilver in the Sauerland and in the spurs of the Saarbrucken coal hills; graphite in Bavaria; porcelain clay in Saxony and Silesia; amber along the whole Baltic coast; and lime and gypsum in almost all parts.
Nickel coins are 10 and 5 pfennige pieces, and there are bronze coins of 2 and I pfennige.
The total value of silver coins is not to exceed 10 marks, and that of copper and nickel 21/2 marks per head of the population.
While the coinage of silver, nickel and copper is reserved to the state, the coinage of gold pieces can be undertaken by the state for the account of private individuals on payment of a fixed charge.
No one can be compelled to accept more than 20 marks in silver or more than i mark in nickel and copper coin; but, on the other hand, the Imperial Bank accepts imperial silver coin in payment to any amount.
Associated with the silver minerals are rich ores of cobalt and nickel, combined with arsenic, antimony and sulphur, which would be considered valuable if occurring alone, but are not paid for under present conditions, since they are difficult to separate and refine.
Up to the present the most important mineral product of Ontario is nickel, which is mined only in the neighbourhood of Sudbury, where the ores occur in very large deposits, which in 1905 produced 95 0 3 tons, more than half of the world's supply of the metal.
With the nickel copper is always found, and copper ores are worked on their own account in a few localities, such as Bruce mines.
The nickel mines in the neighbourhood of Sudbury are the largest in the world, outrivalling those of New Caledonia.
In the same district, and chiefly in connexion with the nickel mines, large quantities of copper are produced.
Timber and wood-pulp are exported (over half of each to Great Britain), with paper, ice and some cobalt and nickel ore.
The first step towards putting this act into practice was the issue of one-krone pieces (silver), which circulated as half gulden, and of nickel coins; all the copper coins and other silver coins were recalled, the silver gulden alone being left in circulation.
There is a subsidiary coinage (introduced in 1908) consisting of a nickel penny and a nickel tenth of a penny (the last-named was first coined in aluminium, but this metal proved unsuitable and was withdrawn).
Egyptian silver money is minted at Birmingham, and nickel and bronze money at Vienna.
Besides having a considerable share in the commerce of the port of New York, Bayonne is an important manufacturing centre; among its manufactures are refined petroleum, refined copper and nickel (not from the ore), refined borax, foundry and machine-shop products, tubular boilers, electric launches and electric motors, chemicals (including ammonia and sulphuric and nitric acids), iron and brass products, wire cables and silk goods.
The metals, which by combination with oxygen became oxides, were antimony, silver, arsenic, bismuth, cobalt, copper, tin, iron, manganese, mercury, molybdenum, nickel, gold, platinum, lead, tungsten and zinc; and the "simple earthy salifiable substances" were lime, baryta, magnesia, alumina and silica.
The first of these, casting is chiefly adapted for bronze, or ' Analyses of the iron of prehistoric weapons have brought to light the interesting fact that many of these earliest specimens of iron manufacture contain a considerable percentage of nickel.
This axis is a hollow forging of nickel steel, of which the accurately turned pivots rest on bearings attached to cast-iron uprights bolted upon a massive cast-iron base plate.
Surrounded By A Nickel Plated Steel Enclosure B, Forming The Bulb Of A Mercury Thermo Regulator, Immersed In A Large Water Bath Maintained At A Constant Temperature.
It occurs in the uncombined condition and alloyed with iron in meteorites; as sulphide in millerite and nickel blende, as arsenide in niccolite and cloanthite, and frequently in combination with arsenic and antimony in the form of complex sulphides.
In recent years it has been found in considerable quantities in New Caledonia in the form of a hydrated silicate of nickel and magnesia approximating to the constitution (NiO, MgO) SiO 2 .
At the present time nickel is obtained practically entirely from garnierite and the nickeliferous pyrrhotines.
When the former is used it is roasted with calcium sulphate or alkali waste to form a matte which is then blown in a Bessemer converter or heated in a reverberatory furnace with a siliceous flux with the object of forming a rich nickel sulphide.
The process adopted for the Canadian ores, which are poor in copper and nickel, consists in a preliminary roasting in heaps and smelting in a blast furnace in order to obtain a matte, which is then further smelted with a siliceous flux for a rich matte.
The nickel sulphide so obtained is then roasted to oxide and reduced to metal.
The metal as obtained by industrial methods rarely contains more than about 99-99.5% of nickel, the chief impurities being copper, iron, cobalt, silicon and carbon.
Nickel occludes hydrogen readily, is attacked by the halogen elements, and oxidizes easily when heated in air.
When obtained by reduction processes at as low a temperature as possible the finely divided metal so formed is pyrophoric, and according to P. Schutzenberger (Comptes rendus, 1891,113, p. 177) dry hydrochloric acid gas converts this form into nickel chloride and a volatile compound of composition NiHC1.
St Edme (Comptes rendus, 1886, 106, p. 1079) sheet nickel is passive to nitric acid, and the metal remains passive even when heated to redness in a current of hydrogen.
Nickel salts are antiseptic; they arrest fermentation and stop the growth of plants.
Nickel is used for the manufacture of domestic utensils, for crucibles, coinage, plating, and for the preparation of various alloys, such as German silver, nickel steels such as invar (nickel, 35.7%; steel, 64.3%), which has a negligible coefficient of thermal expansion, and constantan (nickel, 45%; copper, 55%), which has a negligible thermal coefficient of its electrical resistance.
Several oxides of nickel are known.
The monoxide, NiO, occurs naturally as bunsenite, and is obtained artificially when nickel hydroxide, carbonate, nitrate or sulphate is heated.
The hydroxide, Ni(OH) 2, is obtained in the form of a greenish amorphous powder when nickel salts are precipitated by the caustic alkalis.
Nickel sesquioxide, N1203, is formed when the nitrate is decomposed by heat at the lowest possible temperature, by a similar decomposition of the chlorate, or by fusing the chloride with potassium chlorate.
Nickel Salts.-Only one series of salts is known, namely those corresponding to the monoxide.
The caustic alkalis added to solutions of nickel salts give a pale green precipitate of the hydroxide, insoluble in excess of the precipitant.
Ammonium sulphide precipitates black nickel sulphide, which is somewhat soluble in excess of the precipitate (especially if yellow ammonium sulphide be used), forming a dark-coloured solution.
Knorre (Ber., 1885, 18, p. 169) separate the metals by adding nitros01 3-naphthol in the presence of 50% acetic acid, a precipitate of cobalti nitroso-13-naphthol, [C 10 H 6 0(NO)] 3 Co, insoluble in hydrochloric acid, being formed, whilst the corresponding nickel compound dissolves in hydrochloric acid.
Numerous double chlorides of nickel and other metals are known.
The bromide and iodide of nickel resemble the chloride and are prepared in a similar fashion.
When prepared by the precipitation of nickel salts with alkaline sulphide in neutral solution it is a greyish black amorphous compound which readily oxidizes in moist air, forming a basic nickel sulphate.
Nickel sulphate, NiSO 4, is obtained anhydrous as a yellow powder when any of its hydrates are heated.
Cyanogen iodide and iodine monoand tri-chloride effect similar decompositions with simultaneous liberation of iodine; sulphuric acid reacts slowly, forming nickel sulphate and liberating hydrogen and carbon monoxide.
Dewar and Jones suggest that in the latter reaction it is the metallic nickel which is probably the reducing agent effecting the change, since it is only dissolved in any quantity when the anthracene hydrocarbon is produced.
When mesitylene is used, the reaction does not proceed beyond the aldehyde stage since hydrocarbon formation is prevented by the presence of a methyl group in the ortho-position to the -CHO group. Acids and alkalis are in general without action on nickel carbonyl.
The vapour of nickel carbonyl burns with a luminous flame, a cold surface depressed in the flame being covered with a black deposit of nickel.
By precipitation of nickel salts with solutions of the alkaline carbonates, basic carbonates of variable composition are obtained.
The coins chiefly in use were (i) copper cash, which were strung in hundreds on strings of straw, and, as about 911 weight was equal to one shilling, were excessively cumbrous, but were nevertheless valued at their face value; (ii) nickel coins, which, being profitable to mint, were issued in enormous quantities, quickly depreciated, and were moreover extensively forged.
The currency of Korea being thus fixed, the first step was to reorganize the nickel coinage.
The new regulations require the amount of the notes to be expressed in yen, not to be payable in old nickel coins or cash.
The industries include shipbuilding, oil and glass mills, and manufactures of chemicals, cement, nickel goods and machinery.
At Rammelsberg in the Harz it forms a bed in argillaceous schist, and at Mansfeld in Thuringia it occurs in the Kupferschiefer with ores of nickel and cobalt.
Silver and sulphuric acid are the other chief products; nickel and gold are also found in small quantities.
In 1899 a nickel coinage was introduced.
The impurities contained in coarse-copper are mainly iron, lead, zinc, cobalt, nickel, bismuth, arsenic, antimony, sulphur, selenium and tellurium.
The principal alloys in which it forms a leading ingredient are brass, bronze, and German or nickel silver; under these several heads their respective applications and qualities will be found.
The nickel ore of Sweden is magnetic pyrites, containing only a very small percentage of nickel, and generally occurs in diorite and greenstones.
As the rentf and royalties, excepting those on the turquoise mines, amount to about one-fifth of the net proceeds, it may be estimated that th value of the annual output does not exceed 50,000, while thi intrinsic value of the ores, particularly those of lead, iron, cohali and nickel, which have not yet been touched can be estimated al millions.
The richest deposits of nickel, cobalt and antimony ores are also situated in localities where there is little water and the nearest useful fuel some hundred miles away.
Accordingly the government in 1900 replaced the copper by a nickel coinage (face value of nickel coin in circulation end of 1907, 4,000,000 bans).
The coinage of the country is of silver, nickel and copper.
The nickel coins are of;5 and 10 centavos, and the copper i and 2 centavos.
Its imports during the same year amounted to 899,201 tons, including 172,319 tons of grain and other agricultural produce, 156,620 tons of firewood, 145,255 tons of pig-iron and manufactured iron and steel, 47,201 tons of iron ore, 121,168 tons of copper, -silver, lead, tin and nickel with their ores and alloys, 63,009 tons of zinc, its ores and alloys, 41,029 tons of sulphur ore, phosphates and other raw material for the chemical trade.
Minerals developed slightly, or not at all, are granite, valued at $1500 in 1905; surface salt, in the arid and semiarid regions; nickel and cobalt, in Lemhi county; tungsten, near Murray, Shoshone county; monazite and zircon, in certain sands; and some pumice.
Other minerals found in various places of Bohemia are copper, sulphur, cobalt, alum, nickel, arsenic and various sorts of precious stone, like the Bohemian garnet (pyrope), and building stone.
Numerous gold mines are worked in the district, which also abounds in copper, silver, antimony, cinnabar, bismuth and nickel.
Native silver as well as silver ores exist around Thunder Bay, native copper was formerly worked on Isle Royal, and rich copper mines are worked on the south shore, while nickel abounds in the country north of the lake.
Iron, copper, lead, mercury, cinnabar, cobalt, nickel, sulphur, arsenic and china clay also occur.
Besides bronze coins of less value than 2 le g, nickel pieces worth 5, 10 and 20 bani were authorized by a law of 1900.
Cobalt and nickel are associated with lead in the St Francois field; but though the American ouput is almost exclusively derived from Missouri the production is small in comparison with the amount derived from abroad.
The strongest lines are those due to calcium, iron, hydrogen, sodium, nickel, in the order named.
The silver coinage (900 fine) is limited to t o %, and the nickel and bronze coins to 2% of the gold coinage.
This rod is continued upwards by a pair of thin nickel bands which are led right and left over two horizontal cylinders, round which they partly wrap, and to which they are firmly 'attached.
To each cylinder a pair of similar nickel bands are led downwards from the top of a casting which is bolted to the frame.
When the load comes upon the platform the pull of the vertical rod is transmitted by the nickel bands to the cylinders around which they are wrapped, and causes them to revolve.
There is some roofing slate along the Rogue river, natural cement, nickel ore, bismuth and wolframite in Douglas county, gypsum in Baker county, fire-clay in Clatsop county, borate of soda on the marsh lands of Harney county, infusorial earth and tripoli in the valley of the Deschutes river, chromate of iron in Curry and Douglas counties, molybdenite in Union county, bauxite in Clackamas county, borate of lime in Curry county, manganese ore in Columbia county, and asbestos in several of the southern and eastern counties.
It is the most tenacious of all the ductile metals at ordinary temperatures with the exception of cobalt and nickel; it becomes brittle, however, at the temperature of liquid air.
It has a somewhat brassy colour, and occurs massive or as hexagonal plates; it is attracted by a magnet and is sometimes itself magnetic. The mineral is abundant in Canada, where the presence of about 5% of nickel makes it a valuable ore of this metal.
These are chiefly silver and lead, the layers of both of which are very extensive, tin, nickel, copper and iron.
The principal industry of the province is that of mining, its mineral resources including gold, silver, copper, nickel, tin, cobalt, coal, alum and salt.
Nickel, mercury, manganese, graphite, marble, sulphur and oil shales are found in various regions, but the mineral resources of the country, as a whole, remain almost undeveloped.
In circulation there are gold pieces of 10 and 20 dinars; silver of 50 paras, and I, 2 and 5 dinars; nickel of 5, 10 and 20 paras; and bronze of 2 paras.
Amongst them may be mentioned the silver-bearing lead ores of Erzgebirge and of P?ibram in Bohemia; the iron ores of Styria and Bukovina; and the iron, copper, cobalt and nickel of the districts of Zips and GSmor.
Silver has been detected in certain galenas, and also platinum; copper has been found in various localities, as well as zinc, lead, nickel, antimony and manganese, but none of these metals has yet been discovered in sufficient quantities for profitable working.
Urbain (Comptes rendus, 1905, 140, p. 583) separates the metal by crystallizing the double nitrate of nickel and gadolinium.
Arsenic is a constituent of the minerals arsenical iron, arsenical pyrites or mispickel, tin-white cobalt or smaltite, arsenical nickel, realgar, orpiment, pharmacolite and cobalt bloom, whilst it is also met with in small quantities in nearly all specimens of iron pyrites.
He records, however, certain notable divergencies, particularly in the case of iron and nickel, and many others have since come to light from other observations.
I swear on my old lady's head we never touched a nickel of itâ€”never even opened the damn suitcases.
The sculpture is finished in cold cast bronze, antique silver (nickel brass) or copper.
This also helps to reduce the amount of hazardous metals e.g. cadmium, nickel and mercury, in the waste stream.
The battery was made by NIFE Batteries Ltd and was a nickel cadmium alkaline battery designed on the standard two-part principle.
In practice 70% of the portable nickel cadmium batteries market would be exempt.
Composite coatings of electroless nickel containing silicon carbide exhibits superior abrasive wear resistance to hard chromium plate in some applications.
The vegetable oils are reacted with hydrogen gas using a nickel catalyst.
Power is provided by a Zebra liquid sodium nickel chloride battery, mounted under the floor near the center of the vehicle.
This band carries six points of nickel chrome (12/8 alloy) three centimeters long, well sharpened.
We have observed that Nickel thin films may be partially demagnetized on time scales shorter than 300 fs.
Molded cured elastomers can also be supplied with conductive filler materials, such as silver, copper, nickel and graphite.
The owners had global gaming expo for nickel players.
Manufactured from only the finest taper dressed, pure Kolinsky Sable hair, in rust-proof, seamless nickel plated ferrules with black polished handles.
They differ only in being bound in modern nickel ferrules.
One cell tab is nickel and the other aluminum so you will require an aluminum solder flux - or spot weld.
Nickel II nitrate hexahydrate, in my very humble opinion, is not one of the stars of the crystal universe.
The most up-to-date bike batteries are either nickel metal hydride or lithium polymer.
They use nickel and cadmium as electrodes and aqueous potassium hydroxide as electrolyte.
Of nickel ice in california has father in a your life's goal.
Stainless steel nickel plated candle holder (20 sides - each side 1811 - see Para 12) shape is called an icosahedron.
A bacterial endophyte of yellow lupine was modified with genes for degrading an organic pollutant along with genes for antibiotic and nickel resistance.
Elements which stabilize austenite include manganese, nickel, cobalt and copper.
Also the name of a US five cent coin which actually contains about 24% nickel.
Firstly the choice of metal used - they appear to have been struck in nickel or a nickel based alloy.
Before this acquisition its services already included nickel and hard chrome plating, machining, grinding and honing.
The base of the cooler has a polished nickel electroplating around a solid copper foot allowing for superior contact with the CPU.
With its even, predictable coverage electroless nickel could be the engineer's dream solution.
M was doing with more nickel like most patrons.
It also includes two plates of pure nickel which are the anodes.
The ferrule is formed from cupro nickel to resist hard knocks and balanced with a 7in beech handle, beautifully finished in black.
Enhance oak's honey colored tones with tactile satin nickel handles.
The company has the formula to Black electroless nickel plating, which is not currently put to use.
They fasten behind the neck with nickel free poppers.
The lode is a large irregular one of pure arsenical pyrites carrying, in addition to gold and silver, nickel and cobalt.
Preferred metals were copper, brass or in this case nickel silver which is an alloy of copper, nickel and zinc.
The positive remediation experience of the nickel and copper smelter complex in Sudbury, Canada is also very instructive.
It has a high solid solubility at approximately 30% Cr, at room temperature, in nickel.
Material Inconel 718, a nickel based superalloy, was used for this study.
Master apical preparations created with rotary nickel titanium instruments run a risk of instrument fracture, irrespective of their size.
Cobalt is usually found associated with nickel, and frequently with arsenic, the chief ores being speiss-cobalt, (Co,Ni,Fe)As 2, cobaltite, wad, cobalt bloom, linnaeite, Co 3 S 4, and skutterudite, CoAs 3.
For the technical preparation of cobalt, and its separation from nickel, see Nickel.
For very accurate work it is desirable that the base-plate, the slide and the scale should be of nickel steel, having the same thermal coefficient of expansion as glass.
Reference must be made to the textbooks (see Electrochemistry) for a fuller account of the very varied solutions and methods employed for electroplating with silver, gold, copper, iron and nickel.
The retraction of nickel was diminished by rising temperature, and at had almost vanished.
It unites directly with chlorine, forming carbonyl chloride or phosgene (see below), and with nickel and iron to form nickel and iron carbonyls (see Nickel and IxoN).
Much of the heavy side armour of war-vessels (see Armourplate) is made of nickel steel initially containing so little carbon that it cannot be hardened, i.e.
In the better explored parts along the great lakes and the railways, ores of gold, silver, nickel, cobalt, antimony, arsenic, bismuth and molybdenum have been obtained, and several important mines have been opened up. Gold has been found at many points across the whole province, from the mines of the Lakeof-the-Woods on the west to the discoveries at Larder Lake on the east; but in most cases the returns have been unsatisfactory, and only a few of the gold mines are working.
Fleitmann, Ann., 1865, 134, p. 64); by the action of a ferrous or manganous salt with a salt of cobalt, nickel or copper on bleaching powder (G.
Mallet, Comptes rendus, 1867, 64,' p. 226; 1868, 66, p. 349); by the electrolysis of solutions of sodium hydroxide, using nickel electrodes; by heating calcium plumbate (obtained from litharge and calcium carbonate) in a current of carbon dioxide (G.
The minerals known to exist are - alum, antimony, arsenic, asbestos, boracide, chrome, coal, copper, emery, fuller's earth, gold, iron, kaolin, lead, lignite, magnetic iron, manganese, meerschaum, mercury, nickel, rock-salt, silver, sulphur and zinc. The vegetation varies with the climate, soil and elevation.
That would be like the price of a Mercedes falling from $50,000 to a nickel.
There is now space on the surface of the nickel for new reactant molecules to go through the whole process again.
Presentation table and vase Ebony and rosewood veneer table inlaid with silver and with feet of electroplated nickel silver.
To provide a reflective surface a thin nickel coating was included.
Flatware is one of the most utilized items in the home, and most flatware is composed of durable stainless steel, an alloy composed of steel, chromium and nickel for rust-resistant and luster properties.
On the other hand, nickel and stainless steel faucets are reflective or have gray tones.
You can also buy a nickel faucet with brass highlights, so the possibilities are numerous.
White gold is a gold alloy containing a percentage of nickel or platinum.
Strawberry Daiquiri mix is an ingredient that allows professional and amateur mixologists to make a great-tasting strawberry Daiquiri for less. in fact, according to some companies, the mix costs only about a nickel per serving.
Nickel Cadmium (NiCd) Batteries - While these batteries are older technology, they are also the battery most people are familiar with.
Nickel Metal Hydrid (NiMH) Batteries - Manufacturers of these batteries state that they are better for the environment than the NiCd batteries because they don't contain cadmium.
Some states ban phone owners from disposing of their nickel cadmium phone batteries in the trash.
There are some materials used in the manufacture of computers and electronic equipment, such as lead, nickel, cadmium and mercury, that need to be disposed of in a special manner in order not to harm the environment.
Here in the same store was this wall of doorknobs, hinges, latches in all manner of styles from rustic colonial to sleek modern nickel.
They come in a myriad of materials and finishes, including pine, oak, and cherry wood; brass, nickel, and other metals; and unfinished or covered with fabric.
Metal lamp bases are often made of nickel, brass, chrome, steel, or wrought iron.
The fixtures should be made of nickel, stainless steel, or other, similar metals.
Furniture should be a mix of strong fabrics such as leather and suede and sleek finishes such as chrome and nickel.
Nickel was the popular metal finish for facets and other fixtures.
Consider the finish in keeping with nickel or chrome.
Contemporary metal curtain rods can have a shiny metallic finish like satin nickel or satin brass.
Other materials found in the lamps include aluminum, brass, nickel and steel.
Although most makeup mirrors with surround lighting are typically round, they are available in several sizes or dimensions and with many different finishes, such as silver, brass, nickel, chrome, and more.
If you select grommet draperies, then you'll need to choose either brass or nickel grommets.
Monorail track lighting is available in a wide array finishes, including chrome, antique bronze, gold, brushed nickel and more.
It is essential that any part of the earring that come in contact with skin is made from nickel free metal and preferably is made from hyper-allergenic metal.
Mixing pure gold with copper, nickel and zinc creates luxurious white gold.
This elegant metal is made by combining gold with one or more white metals such as palladium, nickel or zinc.
Other metals used can include palladium, nickel and zinc in other formulas.
True Religion uses shiny nickel for the buttons.
The point was that nickel and dime spending adds up.
The site boasts frame materials like nickel silver, stainless steel, as well as polycarbonate and plastic for lenses.
These metals are one hundred percent nickel free in order to prevent the occurrence of allergic reactions.
While titanium or silver framed eyeglasses may be out of your price range, if you're interested in the high-quality of titanium you can save money by opting for frames made of a titanium alloy that includes nickel or copper.
Another unique feature is that Ocean waves uses nickel for their hinges instead of a metal with lead.
The reason behind this is that nickel does not corrode like lead.
On-line multiplayer isn't functional, but given how new Gametap is and how much effort they put into pleasing their customer base, I would bet a shiny nickel that it becomes a feature somewhere down the road.
Made of steel and nickel in most cases, the tripods are sturdy and safe to cook on.
Direct trauma and/or delayed type hypersensitivity reaction to nickel may occur from nasal rings and jewelry, facial adornments which as of 2004 are increasingly popular.
They are available in solid gold, gold-filled, anodized aluminum, nickel, silver, stainless steel, and titanium and titanium alloy.
An alloy of titanium and nickel, called Flexon, is strong, lightweight, and returns to its original shape after being twisted or dented.
It is not perfect for everyone, though, because some young people are sensitive to its nickel content.
People allergic to nickel should not wear Flexon frames.
An allergic reaction can result with the use of jewelry made of brass plate or containing a nickel alloy.
Many people find that they are allergic to the nickel in inexpensive jewelry; some adolescents find that they are allergic to the metal alloys used in orthodontic braces.
Braces consist of brackets cemented to the surface of each tooth and wires of stainless steel or nickel titanium alloy.
Braces-An orthodontic appliance consisting of brackets cemented to the surface of each tooth and wires of stainless steel or nickel titanium alloy.
It is sometimes caused by an allergy to nickel in jewelry.
They contain no silicone but they do contain trace amounts of nickel.
It is important to tell your doctor about nickel allergies or reactions.
The wire is made out of nickel and chromium that is almost resistant to electricity.
It has a brushed nickel finish and stainless steel accents.
The Designer Series line is done in brushed nickel and in an industrial style.
Surgical stainless steel is an iron and carbon alloy with other metals such as chromium, nickel, and molybdenum added to the blend for better medical properties.
It used to have nickel in it, but nickel is rarely in it today because it can cause skin allergies.
Tungsten alone can still be prone to scratches but combined with other materials, such as carbon and sometimes nickel, it becomes the hardest metal available.
Nickel is often combined with tungsten carbide for strength.
People with nickel allergies may want to be aware of nickel content, even though the amount of nickel in the finished product may be too small to cause irritation in most individuals.
These metal combinations usually contain 92.5 percent of silver mixed with 7.5 percent of copper, but some may also contain a small percentage of nickel.
The other percent of the jewelry contains other metals, such as copper, palladium, silver or nickel.
A charming bit of luxury, the bag is designed in quilted house check canvas and trimmed in dark nickel leather with silver-tone hardware.
Designed in the house check fabric and trimmed in dark brown leather with nickel hardware and leather-covered buckles.
Lastly, the nickel hardware on the Soho tote is more abundant and overt than on some of Coaches' other bags.
Available in a variety of colors, including black, cream, beige, tan, gold and nickel, this bag is made with rich, thick leather.
Each piece has additional features like smart wheels, satin nickel finish handles and lining that matches the outside of the luggage.
At 13.5" high, which is tall enough to escort Barbie to the Kodak Theater now that she has broken up with Ken, he is made out of alloy britannium, then plated in copper, 24-carat gold and nickel silver.
The internet has a many sites and places that let you view movie trailers without spending a nickel.
These little "nickel and dime" purchases are what mysteriously eat away at expendable income, thus they are the easiest to curb.
You can see a more detailed explanation of how the math works out by reviewing the scenario posted on the Five Cent Nickel website.
The most common allergic reaction is caused by an allergy to nickel, a metal used to strengthen the alloys used in body jewelry.
Signs of an allergy to nickel include excessive redness and increased production of lymph.
Avoid using materials such as gold and silver as your initial belly button jewelry since they have high nickel contents.
Titanium is a good metal for people who have allergies because it is a nickel free metal.
The components can include those made with inferior materials such as metal including nickel.
You can find some of the best bargains in national publications like the Pennysaver, Thrifty Nickel or AutoTrader.
Colors include pink, black, light blue, navy blue, or nickel gray.
The resulting compound, nickel carbonyl, which was described to the Chemical Society in 1890, is both formed and decomposed within a very moderate range of temperature, and on this fact he based a successful process for the extraction of nickel from its ores.
Nickel, so abundant in the island of New Caledonia, has up to the present been found in none of the Australian states except Queensland and Tasmania.
Iron ore, lignite, copper, mercury, molybdenite, nickel, platinum and other minerals have been found, but the quantity of each is too small, or the quality too poor, for them to be of commercial value.
To the filtrate from the aluminium, iron and chromium precipitate, ammonia and ammonium sulphide are added; the precipitate may contain nickel, cobalt, zinc and manganese sulphides.
The next group may contain black nickel and cobalt sulphides, flesh-coloured manganese sulphide, and white zinc sulphide.
The last two are dissolved out by cold, very dilute hydrochloric acid, and the residue is tested for nickel and cobalt.
For example, episomorphs of white potash alum and violet chrome alum, of white magnesium sulphate and green nickel sulphate, and of many other pairs of salts, have been obtained.
Practically the metals iron, nickel and cobalt, and some of their alloys and compounds constitute a class by themselves and are called ferromagnetic substances.
Shimizu 3 indicate that Steinmetz's formula holds for nickel and annealed cobalt up to B =3000, for cast cobalt and tungsten steel up to B =8000, and for Swedish iron up to B =18,000, the range being in all cases extended at the temperature of liquid air.
During the first stage, when the magnetizing force is small, the magnetization (or the induction) increases rather slowly with increasing force; this is well shown by the nickel curve in the diagram, but the effect would be no less conspicuous in the iron curve if the abscissae were plotted to a larger scale.
Under increasing magnetizing forces, greatly exceeding those comprised within the limits of the diagram, the magAetization does practically reach a limit, the maximum value being attained with a magnetizing force of less than 2000 for wrought iron and nickel, and less than 4000 for cast iron and cobalt.
While therefore the initial susceptibility of nickel is less than that of iron and steel, the range of magnetic force within which it is approximately constant is about one hundred times greater.
Barrett in 1882 that a nickel bar contracts when magnetized, nothing of importance was added by Joule's results for nearly forty years.
Experiments were afterwards made with rods of iron, nickel, and cobalt, the external field being carried up to the high value of 1500 units.
Nickel exhibited retraction from the very beginning (as observed by Barrett), its greatest change of length considerably exceeding that undergone by iron; in a field of Boo the original length was diminished by as much as 1/40,000 part, but stronger forces failed to produce any further effect.
For steel which has been made redhot, suddenly cooled, and then let down to a yellow temper, the critical value of the magnetizing force is smaller than for steel which is either softer or harder; it is indeed so small that the metal contracts like nickel even under weak magnetizing forces, without undergoing any preliminary extension that can be detected.
The effects of tension upon the behaviour of a nickel wire are of a less simple character.
Yet notwithstanding this enormous effect in iron, the action of a current upon nickel and cobalt turned out to be almost inappreciable.
A thoroughly well annealed ring of soft iron indeed showed no extension at all, beginning to contract, like nickel, under the smallest magnetizing forces.
Bidwell's results for iron and nickel were confirmed, and it was further shown that the elongation of nickel-steel was very greatly diminished by tension; when 2 Joule believed that the volume was unchanged.
Honda subjected tubes of iron, steel and nickel to the simultaneous action of circular and longitudinal fields, and observed the changes of length when one of the fields was varied while the other remained constant at different successive values from zero upwards.
Nagaoka and Honda, who employed a fluid dilatometer, found that the volume of several specimens of iron, steel and nickel was always slightly increased, no diminution being indicated in low fields; cobalt, on the other hand, was diminished in volume, and the amount of the change, though still very small, was greater than that shown by the other metals.
Various nickel-steels all expanded under magnetization, the increase being generally considerable and proportional to the field; in the case of an alloy containing 29% of nickel the change was nearly 40 times greater than in soft iron.
Knott, who made an exhaustive series of experiments upon various metals in the form of tubes, concluded that in iron there was always a slight increase of volume, and in nickel and cobalt a slight decrease.
Ewing has also examined the effects produced by longitudinal compression upon the susceptibility and retentiveness of nickel, and found, as was to be expected, that both were greatly increased by pressure.