How to use Mythology in a sentence
It precedes the green and flowery spring, as mythology precedes regular poetry.
Ultimately in post-Vedic mythology he becomes the Hindu Neptune.
But in the Syrian mythology foreign influences frequently betray themselves.
This view, however, has not met with general acceptance, on the ground that, in Semitic mythology, the moon is always a male divinity; and that the full moon and crescent, found as attributes of Astarte, are due to a misinterpretation of the sun's disk and cow's horns of Isis, the result of the dependence of Syrian religious art upon Egypt.
It was famous in Greek mythology, and is frequently mentioned by the great poets, especially by Sophocles.Advertisement
In his cosmogonic treatise on nature and the gods, called Hevr4tvxo (Preller's correction of Suidas, who has E7rTaµuXos) from the five elementary or original principles (aether, fire, air, water, earth; Gomperz substitutes smoke and darkness for aether and earth), he enunciated a system in which science, allegory and mythology were blended.
He was controverted by Ctesias, who, however, has mistaken mythology for history, and Greek romance owed to him its Ninus and Semiramis, its Ninyas and Sardanapalus.
The central portion of Muttra district forms one of the most sacred spots in Hindu mythology.
The first of the three dialogues contains the substance of the allegory, which, under the disguise of an assault on heathen mythology, is a direct attack on all forms of anthropomorphic religion.
His subsequent works were dissertations on the origin of alphabetical writing (Die Erfindung der Buchstabenschrift, 1801), on the antiquity of the Codex Vaticanus (1810), and on ancient mythology (Ober den Mythos der alten Volker, 1812); a new interpretation of the Song of Solomon (Das hohe Lied in einer noch unversuchten Deutung, 1813), to the effect that the lover represents King Hezekiah, while by his beloved is intended the remnant left in Israel after the deportation of the ten tribes; and treatises on the indissoluble character of the matrimonial bond (De conjugii christiani vinculo indissolubili commentatio exegetica, 1816) and on the Alexandrian version of the Pentateuch (1818).Advertisement
The figure of Ares appears in various stories of ancient mythology.
Az in the Avestan mythology was the demon serpent who murders Gayomert in the old Persian legend, and an ally of Ahriman, as also are the Pairikas or Penis.
According to northern mythology, Forseti, a son of Balder and Nanna, the god of justice, had a temple on the island, which was subsequently destroyed by St Ludger.
For Sanchuniathon is a mere literary fiction; and Philo's treatment is vitiated by an obvious attempt to explain the whole system of religion on the principles of Euhemerus, an agnostic who taught the traditional mythology as primitive history, and turned all the gods and goddesses into men and women; and further by a patriotic desire to prove that Phoenicia could outdo Greece in the venerable character of its traditions, that in fact Greek mythology was simply a feeble and distorted version of the Phoenician.'
Their mythology so far as we know it, has a melancholy and mystic tone, and their religion partakes of the same character.Advertisement
Other destructive agencies were epidemics, such especially as measles and small-pox, which swept away 30,000 Fijians in 1875; the introduction of strong drinks, including, besides vile spirits, a most pernicious concoction brewed in Tahiti from oranges; Maori Religion and Mythology, p. 26.
His published works deal chiefly with topography and ancient mythology.
The last book (xvii.) treats of theology or (as we should now say) mythology, and winds up with an account of the Holy Scriptures and of the Fathers, from Ignatius and Dionysius the Areopagite to Jerome and Gregory the Great, and even of later writers from 'Isidore and Bede, through Alcuin, Lanfranc and Anselm, down to Bernard of Clairvaux and the brethren of St Victor.
Herder's services in laying the foundations of a comparative science of religion and mythology are even of greater value than his somewhat crude philological speculations.
He thus intimately associated religion with mythology and primitive poetry.Advertisement
Gnosticism was the result of the attempt to blend with Christianity the religious notions of pagan mythology, mysterology, theosophy and philosophy" (p. 98).
Polynesia, that classic land of mythology, is specially rich in myths of creation.
The colouring is that of classic mythology, but the spiritual element is as individual as that of any classical poem by Milton, Gray, Keats or Tennyson.
He anticipated Ovid in recalling the stories of Greek mythology to a second poetical life.
His Morte d'Arthur, printed by Caxton in 1485, epitomizes the rich mythology which Geoffrey's work had first called into life, and gave the Arthurian story a lasting place in the English imagination.Advertisement
The knowledge of Greek mythology, to which they were thus introduced, set poets and antiquarians at work in a field wholly foreign to the Roman religious spirit, the task of creating a Roman anthropomorphic mythology.
The story of Roland's birth from the union of Charles with his sister Gilles, also found in German and Scandinavian versions, has abundant parallels in mythology, and was probably transferred from mythology to Charlemagne.
But Gunkel's explanation is an attempt to account for one ignotum per ignotius; for hitherto no trace of the myth of the sun-god's birth and persecution and the flight into the wilderness has been found in Babylonian mythology.
To perform their task adequately required from the critics a wide circle of knowledge; and from this requirement sprang the sciences of grammar, prosody, lexicography, mythology and archaeology.
The locality was associated with a number of the most interesting legends of Greek mythology,.
Yet another explanation from Egyptian mythology is given by Bousset (Offenbarung Johannis, 2nd ed., pp. 354, 355) in the birth of the sun-god Horus.
For attempts to find a mythological interpretation of Isaac's life, see Goldziher, Mythology of the Hebrews; Winckler, Gesch.
Philochorus also wrote on oracles, divination and sacrifices; the mythology and religious observances of the tetrapolis of Attica; the myths of Sophocles; the lives of Euripides and Pythagoras; the foundation of Salamis.
His work shows little or no originality; he simply versified in iambic trimeters the fables current in his day under the name of "Aesop," interspersing them with anecdotes drawn from daily life, history and mythology.
They studied criticism, grammar, prosody and metre, antiquities and mythology.
It is largely owing to the peculiar character of this god and the prominent position which he occupies that the mythology of the north presents so striking a contrast to that of Greece.
This derivation is, however, fanciful; the name bucentaurus is unknown in ancient mythology, and the figurehead of the bucentaurs, of which representations have come down to us, is the lion of St Mark.
In 1873 Dr Murray published a Manual of Mythology, and in the following year contributed to the Contemporary Review two articles - one on the Homeric question - which led to a friendship with Mr Gladstone, the other on Greek painters.
In other words, thought, which will 'not stop, takes to mythology; and in the place of reason we have superstition.
Moreover, in the unbridled exercise of speculation, the number of divine beings was increased indefinitely; and these fantastic accessions to l Olympus in the system of Iamblichus show that Greek philosophy 'is returning to mythology, and that nature-religion is still a power in the world.
But little need be said on the relation of animism and mythology.
While a large part of mythology has an animistic basis, it is possible to believe, e.g.
At the same time, with the rise of ideas as to a future life and spiritual beings, this field of mythology is immensely widened, though it cannot be said that a rich mythology is necessarily genetically associated with or combined with belief in many spiritual beings.
Of all the minor creatures of mythology the fairies are the most beautiful, the most numerous, the most memorable in literature.
Keightley's Fairy Mythology is full of interesting matter; Rhys's Celtic Mythology is especially copious about Welsh fairies, which are practically identical with those of Ireland and Scotland.
The cumbrous mythology and cosmogony of Mithraism at last weakened its hold upon men's minds, and it disappeared during the 4th century before a victorious Catholicism, yet not until another faith, equally Iranian in its mythology mad cosmological beliefs, had taken its place.
He certainly shows that the old Assyrian mythology influenced Mani, but not that this element did not reach him through Persian channels.
What gave it strength was that it united an ancient mythology and a thorough-going materialistic dualism with an exceedingly simple spiritual worship and a strict morality.
The only part of the Manichaean mythology that became popular was the crude, physical dualism.
Though less superstitious than the Tahitians, the idolatry of the Sandwich Islanders was equally barbarous and sanguinary, as, in addition to the chief objects of worship included in the mythology of the other islands, the supernatural beings supposed to reside in the volcanoes and direct the action of subterranean fires rendered the gods objects of peculiar terror.
Besides the anthropomorphic " giants, " mentioned above, Northern mythology speaks also of theriomorphic demons, the chief of which were Midgar6sormr, the " worldserpent," and Fenrisulfr, a monster wolf, the enemies of Thor and Odin respectively.
One of the most striking conceptions of Northern mythology is that of the " world-tree," Yggdrasil's Ash, which sheltered all living beings (see Yggdrasil).
Beside this belief, however, we find another which seems hardly to be compatible with it, viz., that the souls of the dead passed to the realm of Hel, who in Northern mythology is represented as the daughter of Loki.
Some scholars hold that they were peculiar to the mythology of Norway and Iceland and that they arose at a late period, largely through Christian influence.
To these must be added a large number of Old Norse writings including the older Edda and the prose Edda (the chief authorities for Northern mythology), Islands Landnamabok and many sagas dealing with the history of families in Iceland (such as Eyrbyggia Saga) or with the lives of Norwegian and other kings, both historical and legendary (in Heimskringla, Fornmanna Sogur and Rafn's Fornaldar Sogur Norr landa).
This mountainous character and the absence of any tolerable harbour - Pliny, in enumerating the islands of the Aegean, calls it "importuosissima omnium" - prevented it from ever attaining to any political importance, but it enjoyed great celebrity from its connexion with the worship of the Cabeiri, a mysterious triad of divinities, concerning whom very little is known, but who appear, like all the similar deities venerated in different parts of Greece, to have been a remnant of a previously existing Pelasgic mythology.
In the Apology, after contrasting the judicial treatment of Christians with that of other accused persons, he refutes the accusations brought against the Christians of atheism, eating human flesh and licentiousness, and in doing so takes occasion to make a vigorous and skilful attack on pagan polytheism and mythology.
His views on the connexion between magic and mythology are explained in 19.133 and 17.305; those on folklore are described in 10.601.
Here you find articles in the encyclopedia on topics related to religion and mythology.
Thus, if Epicurus objects to the doctrine of mythology, he objects no less to the doctrine of an inevitable fate, a necessary order of things unchangeable and supreme over the human will.
In mythology Oeta is chiefly celebrated as the scene of the funeral pyre on which Heracles burnt himself before his admission to Olympus.
Its importance for the history of religion and mythology is, in truth, very considerable, a fact which it is the great merit of Emin 7 and Dulaurier S to have first pointed out.
It is no wonder that the godless Korrishites thought these stories of the Koran not nearly so entertaining as those of Rostam and Ispandiar, related by Nadr the son of Harith, who had learned in the course of his trade journeys on the Euphrates the heroic mythology of the Persians.
The cow was the animal specially sacred to Hera both in ritual and in mythology.
They deal for the most part with the hearing of diseases, the bites of snakes and scorpions, &c., but incidentally cast many sidelights on the mythology and superstitious beliefs.
Tradition, mythology and later customs make it possible to recover a scrap of the political history of that far-off time.
Thrusting aside all the multitudinous deities of Egypt and all the mythology even of Heliopolis, he devoted himself to the cult of the visible sun-disk, applying to it as its chief name the hitherto rare word Aton, meaning sun; the traditional divine name Harakht (Horus of the horizon), given to the hawk-headed sun-god of Heliopolis, was however allowed to subsist and a temple was built at Karnak to this god.
Some of the subjects are borrowed in altered form from the old mythology, while a few derive from Christian legend, and many deal with national history.
The old Scandinavian mythology lived in the hands of Ohlenschldger exactly as the classical Greek religion was born again in Keats.
His statements concerning Greek and Roman mythology are based respectively on the Protrepticus of Clement of Alexandria, and on Antistius Labeo, who belonged to the preceding generation and attempted to restore Neoplatonism.
A mythology reminiscent of Italy is the "Hercules and the Stymphalian Birds" in the Germanic Museum at Nuremberg, founded directly upon the "Hercules and Centaur Nessus" of Pollaiuolo, now at New Haven, Connecticut, U.S.A. Of portraits, besides that of his father already mentioned as done in 1497, there is his own of 1498 at Madrid.
The same peculiarity appears in the list of the ancient kings of Rome, but these are entangled in mythology.
The Phrygian mythology, so far as we know it, has a melancholy and mystic tone, and their religion partakes of the same character.
The Danes were specially renowned for their axes; but about the sword the most of northern poetry and mythology clings.
But, although not a critical scholar, he was the first to attempt a scientific treatment of Greek mythology, and he gave an undoubted impulse to philological studies.
His first work (1804) was an attempt to show by means of their names that the giants of the Bible and of Greek mythology were personifications of natural phenomena.
The Old Testament preserves traces of forgotten history and legend, of strange Oriental mythology, and the remains of a semi-heathenish past.
They are sunk in a paganism which seems to embrace some faint reflexion of Greek mythology, Zoroastrian principles and the tenets of Buddhism, originally gathered, no doubt, from the varied elements of their mixed extraction.
The sophist of whom the Platonic Protagoras is here thinking was Hippias of Elis, who gave popular lectures, not only upon the four subjects just mentioned, but also upon grammar, mythology, family history, archaeology, Homerology and the education of youth.
The possibility that Hebrew traditions were subject to Babylonian influence from the period of the Canaanite conquest has long been recognized, and to the Exilic and post-Exilic Jew the mythology of Babylon may well have presented many familiar features.
His earlier publications here treated of mythology and the history of dogma.
The former, owing to the development of comparative mythology, is now of little authority, and portions of part ii.
The name appears in cult and in mythology as that of the typical river-god; a familiar legend is that of his.
He is not a prominent figure in Northern mythology, for even in this special capacity he is overshadowed by Odin, and there are hardly any traces of worship being paid to him.
The Old Testament, allegorically explained, became the substitute for the outgrown mythology; intellectual activity revived; the new facts gained predominant influence in philosophy, and in turn were shaped according to its canons.
Some critics, however, think that the key of symbolism needs to be supplemented by that of mythology.
It is famous in Greek mythology; the giants are said to have piled it on Ossa in order to scale Olympus, the abode of the gods; it was the home of the centaurs, especially of Chiron, who had a cave near its summit, and educated many youthful heroes; the ship "Argo" was built from its pine-woods.
These exploits belong to the domain of pure mythology.
The position of Sceldwea and Beaw (in Malmesbury's Latin called Sceldius and Beowius) in the genealogy as anterior to Woden would not of itself prove that they belong to divine mythology and not to heroic legend.
The first name is that of Theagenes of Rhegium, contemporary of Cambyses (525 B.C.), who is said to have founded the " new grammar " (the older " grammar " being the art of reading and writing), and to have been the inventor of the allegorical interpretations by which it was sought to reconcile the Homeric mythology with the morality and speculative ideas of the 6th century B.C. The same attitude in the " ancient quarrel of poetry and philosophy " was soon afterwards taken by Anaxagoras; and after him by his pupil Metrodorus of Lampsacus, who explained away all the gods, and even the heroes, as elementary substances and forces (Agamemnon as the upper air, &c.).
The great Alexandrian grammarians had become figures in a new mythology.
In the later Saiva mythology this theory finds its artistic representation in Siva's androgynous form of Ardha-narisa, or "halfwoman-lord," typifying the union of the male and female energies; the male half in this form of the deity occupying the right-hand, and the female the left-hand side.
Boiardo occupies a similar position by the fusion of classic mythology with chivalrous romance in his Orlando Innamorato.
Its touch on classical mythology is original, rarely imitative or pedantic. The art of the Renaissance was an apocalypse of the beauty of the world and man in unaffected spontaneity, without side thoughts for piety or erudition, inspired by pure delight in loveliness and harmony for their own sakes.
One mass of Greek and Roman erudition, including history and metaphysics, law and science, civic institutions and the art of war, mythology and magistracies, metrical systems and oratory, agriculture and astronomy, domestic manners and religious rites, grammar and philology, biography and numismatics, formed the miscellaneous subject-matter of this so-styled rhetoric. Notes taken at these lectures supplied young scholars with hints for further exploration; and a certain tradition of treating antique authors for the display of general learning, as well as for the elucidation of their texts, came into vogue, which has determined the method of scholarship for the last three centuries in Europe.
Their mythology consisted in the deification of the forces of nature, as " Ukko," the god of the air, " Tapio," god of the forests, " Ahti," the god of water, &c. These early Finlanders seem to have been both brave and troublesome to their neighbours, and their repeated attacks on the coast of Sweden drew the attention of the kings of that country.
According to ancient mythology, the owners of the horn were many and various.
In later mythology, under Alexandrian influence, the Horae become the four seasons, daughters of Helios and Selene, each represented with the conventional attributes.
Hegel, before the anthropological stage, found it in magic. Max Muller, building on philosophy and mythology, affirmed that " Religion consists in the perception of the infinite under such manifestations as are able to influence the moral character of man " (Natural Religion, 18 99, p. 188).
Owing to the very small amount of information which has come down to us regarding the gods of ancient England and Germany, it cannot be determined how far the character and adventures attributed to Odin in Scandinavian mythology were known to other Teutonic peoples.
The name is also applied in Greek mythology to a tributary of the Acheron or of the Styx, a river in Hades.
While the fables of mythology are often treated contemptuously or humorously by him, other passages in the satires clearly imply a conformity to, and even a respect for, the observances of the national religion.
The belief in them probably arose out of the doctrine of the older school, which did not deny the existence of the various creations of previous mythology and speculation, but allowed of their actual existence as spiritual beings, and only deprived them of all power over the lives of men, and declared them to be temporary beings liable, like men, to sin and ignorance, and requiring, like men, the salvation of Arahatship. Among them the later Buddhists seem to have placed their numerous Bodhisats; and to have paid especial reverence to Manju-sri as the personification of wisdom, and to Avalokiteswara as the personification of overruling love.
Theoretically, therefore, the former, as the spiritual successor of the great teacher and also of Amitabha, who occupies the higher place in the mythology of the Great Vehicle, would be superior to the latter, as the spiritual representative of Avalokitesvara.
Like the Great Lamas, they bear the title of Rinpotshe or Glorious, and are looked upon as incarnations of one or other of the celestial Bodhisats of the Great Vehicle mythology.
Herodotus of Heraclea struggled to rationalize mythology, and established chronology on a solid basis.
They are a rich source of mythology and legendary history.
Savage and barbaric religions recognize it, and the mythology of the world has hardly a more universal theme.
Oppert was a voluminous writer upon Assyrian mythology and jurisprudence, and other subjects connected with the ancient civilizations of the East.
It was of cedar-wood, gold and ivory, and on it were represented the chief incidents in Greek (especially Corinthian) mythology and legend.
In classic mythology the personification does not exist; but Comus appears in the EIKOvES, or Descriptions of Pictures, of Philostratus, a writer of the 3rd century A.D.
The derivation of all the functions assigned to him from the idea of a single original lightor sun-god, worked out in his Lexikon der Mythologie by Roscher, who regards it as "one of the most certain facts in mythology," has not found general acceptance, although no doubt some features of his character can be readily explained on this assumption.
The first part of the Instructiones is addressed to the heathens and Jews, and ridicules the divinities of classical mythology; the second contains reflections on Antichrist, the end of the world, the Resurrection, and advice to Christians, penitents and the clergy.
This fiction has involved the superinduction of a new mythology over the old heathen ritual, which remains practically unchanged.
The similarity of the name Japheth to the Titan Iapetos of Greek mythology is probably a mere accident.
An entire mythology soon grew up around the idea of re-birth.
It has been suggested that the fact of the conquest of the Amazons being assigned to the two famous heroes of Greek mythology, Heracles and Theseus - who in the tasks assigned to them were generally opposed to monsters and beings impossible in themselves, but possible as illustrations of permanent danger and damage, - shows that they were mythical illustrations of the dangers which beset the Greeks on the coasts of Asia Minor; rather perhaps, it may be intended to represent the conflict between the Greek culture of the colonies on the Euxine and the barbarism of the native inhabitants.
In Greek mythology the term was specially applied to the stone supposed to have been swallowed by Cronus (who feared misfortune from his own children) in mistake for his infant son Zeus, for whom it had been substituted by Uranus and Gaea, his wife's parents (Etymologicum Magnum, s.v.).
In Phoenician mythology, one of the sons of Uranus is named Baetylus.
The first part, an exquisite sketch of northern mythology, Gylfa-ginning, was probably prefixed to the whole later.
The stories which contain the last lees of the old mythology and pre-history seem to be also non-Icelandic, but amplified by Icelandic editors, who probably got the plots from the Western Islands.
Names borrowed from geography and classical mythology are assigned to the regions and features.
The former, for instance, has three instead of two toes on each foot, it has no apparent tail, its wings are far better developed, and when folded cover the body, and its head and neck are clothed with feathers, while internal distinctions of still deeper significance have since been 1 What prompted his bestowal of this name, so well known in classical mythology, is not apparent.
On the whole his figure is somewhat secondary in the mythology to that of Odin, who is represented as his father.
Mythology is also used as a term for these legends themselves.
Thus when we speak of " the mythology of Greece " we mean the whole body of Greek divine and heroic and cosmogonic legends.
When we speak of the " science of mythology " we refer to the various attempts which have been made to explain these ancient narratives.
It is this irrational and unnatural element - .as Max Muller says, " the silly, savage and senseless element " - that makes mythology the puzzle which men have so long found it.
The earliest attempts at a crude science of mythology were efforts to reconcile the legends of the gods and heroes with the religious sentiment which recognized in these beings objects of worship and respect.
When Christians approached the problem of heathen mythology, they sometimes held, with St Augustine, a form of the doctrine of Euemerus?
The new theories of mythology are based on the belief that " it is man, it is human thought and human language combined, which naturally and necessarily produced the strange conglomerate of ancient fable."' But, while there is now universal agreement so far, modern mythologists differed essentially on one point.
Another school (also somewhat divided against itself) believes that misunderstood language played but a very slight part in the evolution of mythology, and that the irrational element in myths is merely the survival from a condition of thought which was once common, if not universal, but is now found chiefly among savages, and to a certain extent among children.
Max Muller refers the beginning of his system of mythology to the discovery of the connexion of the Indo-European or, as they are called, " Aryan " languages.
We have stated and criticized the more prominent modern theories of mythology.
Now let us apply this system to mythology.
If this view of mythology can be proved, much will have been done to explain a problem which we have not yet touched, namely, the distribution of myths.
The science of mythology has to account, if it can, not only for the existence of certain stories in the legends of certain races, but also for the presence of stories practically the same among almost all races.
In a developed treatise on the subject of mythology it would be necessary to criticize, with a minuteness which is impossible here, our evidence for the very peculiar mental condition of the lower races.
Savage mythology, which is also savage science, has a reply to all these and all similar questions, and that reply is always found in the shape of a story.
We have now shown how savages come to have a mythology.
Metamorphoses into stones are as common among Red Indians and Australians as in Greek mythology.
Whatever may be said, Frazer has certainly made the most important of recent contributions to the study of mythology.
And such are the gods of mythology.
The chief being among the supernatural characters of Bushman mythology is the insect called the Mantis.'
As usual, religion is more advanced than mythology.
Night is a person in Greek mythology, and in the fourteenth book of the Iliad we read that Zeus abstained from punishing Sleep " because he feared to offend swift Night."
Among these the Maoris of New Zealand, and the Polynesian people generally, are remarkable for a mythology largely intermixed with early attempts at more philosophical speculation.
In Maori mythology it is more than usually difficult to keep apart the origin of the world and the origin and nature of the gods.
Maui in some respects answers to the chief of the Adityas in Vedic mythology; in others he answers to Qat, Quawteaht, and other savage divine personages.
The whole system, as far as it can be called a system, of Maori mythology is obviously based on the savage conceptions of the world which have already been explained.
Their religion had its fine lucid intervals, but their mythology and ritual were little better than savage ideas, elaborately worked up by the imagination of a cruel and superstitious priesthood.
The divine myths of the two nations had points in common, but there are few topics more obscure than Egyptian mythology.
As in the case of the Vedas, hymns are poor sources for the study of mythology, just as the hymns of the Church would throw little light on the incidents of the gospel story or of the Old Testament.
But we have to turn to the very late authority of Plutarch (De Iside et Osiride) for an account, confessedly incomplete and expurgated, of what mythology had to tell about the great Egyptian " culture-hero," " daemon," and god.
This serpent was a universal devourer of everything and everybody, like Kwai Hemm, the all-devourer in Bushman mythology.
Yet in the mythology and religion of Greece we find abundant survivals of savage manners and of savage myths.
The survivals of rites, objects of worship, and sacrifices like these prove that religious conservatism in Greece retained much of savage practice, and the Greek mythology is not less full of ideas familiar to the lowest races.
The authorities for Greek mythology are numerous and various in character.
This idea recurs in Maori, Vedic and Chinese mythology.
Their relations are, on the whole, much more amicable than those of the Asuras and Devas in Indian mythology.
The constant enemies of the gods, the giants, could also assume animal forms. Thus in Thiodolf's Haust-long (composed after the settlement of Iceland) we read about a shield on which events from mythology were painted; among these was the flight of " giant Thiazzi in an ancient eagle's feathers."
Keary's Mythology of the Eddas (1882); Pigott's Manual of Scandinavian Mythology (1838); and Laing's Early Kings of Norway may be consulted by English students.
The hymns may be read in Sir George Grey's Polynesian Mythology, and in Taylor's New Zealand.
In this sketch of mythology that of Rome is not included, because its most picturesque parts are borrowed from or adapted into harmony with the mythology of Greece.
Greece, India and Scandinavia will supply a fair example of Aryan mythology (without entering on the difficult Slavonic and Celtic fields).
The main argument employed is an exposition of the con tradictions, absurdities and immoralities of Greek mythology.
Tatian does not deny the stories of the Greek mythology - indeed he protests against any attempt to allegorize it - but he insists that these stories are the record of the deeds of demons and have no religious value.
In this article we are concerned with the primary sense of the word, as used in mythology and religion.
In Babylonian mythology "the old serpent goddess ` the lady Nina' was transformed into the embodiment of all that was hostile to the powers of heaven" (Sayce's Hibbert Lectures, p. 283), and was confounded with the dragon Tiamat, "a terrible monster, reappearing in the Old Testament writings as Rahab and Leviathan, the principle of chaos, the enemy of God and man" (Tennant's The Fall and Original Sin, p. 43), and according to Gunkel (Schopfung and Chaos, p. 383) "the original of the ` old serpent ' of Rev. xii.
In Egyptian mythology the serpent Apap with an army of monsters strives daily to arrest the course of the boat of the luminous gods.
While the Greek mythology described the Titans as "enchained once for all in their dark dungeons" yet Prometheus' threat remained to disturb the tranquillity of the Olympian Zeus.
In the German mythology the army of darkness is led by Hel, the personification of twilight, sunk to the goddess who enchains the dead and terrifies the living, and Loki, originally the god of fire, but afterwards "looked upon as the father of the evil powers, who strips the goddess of earth of her adornments, who robs Thor of his fertilizing hammer, and causes the death of Balder the beneficent sun."
In Hindu mythology the Maruts, Indra, Agni and Vishnu wage war with the serpent Ahi to deliver the celestial cows or spouses, the waters held captive in the caverns of the clouds.
In 1875 he published a thesis on the mythology of the Zend Avesta, and in 1877 became teacher of Zend at the Ecole des Hautes Etudes.
The Guigemar of Marie de France presents marked analogies with the ordinary Oriental romance of escape from a harem, for instance, with details superadded from classical mythology.
Later she commonly wore the horns of a cow, and the cow was sacred to her; it is doubtful, however, whether she had any animal representation in early times, nor had she possession of any considerable locality until a late period, when Philae, Behbet and other large temples were dedicated to her worship. Yet she was of great importance in mythology, religion and magic, appearing constantly in the very ancient Pyramid texts as the devoted sister-wife of Osiris and mother of Horus.
It is suggested that these treatises are an abridgment (made in the latter half of the 2nd century) of the Genealogiae of Hyginus by an unknown grammarian, who added a complete treatise on mythology.
The story is full of picturesque detail and stirring incident, full also of interesting problems in folk-lore and mythology; and throughout it is dominated by the figure of the grim Hagen, who, twitted with cowardice and his advice spurned, is determined that there shall be no turning back and that they shall go through with it to the bitter end.
In contrast with these, it is considered one of the glories of the Olympian mythology of Greece that it believed in happy manlike beings (though exempt from death, and using special rarefied foods, &c.), and celebrated them in statues of the most exquisite art.
Other spiders weave these beautiful, symmetrical, ethereal webs whose designs have been the inspiration for art and mythology for as long as there were spiders, he explained.
Her recent research focuses on the reception of Greek athletics in the Roman empire and the representation of Greek mythology in Roman art.
Nibiru The other aspect of Sumerian mythology covers cosmology.
Maori mythology has also interwoven itself into my own poetical cosmos.
The author explains the ancient nature of the Lithuanian pagan faith and its mythology, which had its origins in the Upper Paleolithic period.
We are building an ever-growing group gestalt, whose food is a shared information base & an ever-evolving group mythology.
What was the name of the one-eyed giant of Greek mythology?
What is most strange about the MIB phenomenon is that it has become part of the UFO mythology on the basis of mere hearsay.
Any type of redemption in the pagan mythology was motivated by petty jealousy or some type of law that even the gods were under.
The pieces were inspired by the mythology of fairies and research into the trends of fashion at the time.
Instead the actors become part of a real crew and the invented mythology partly takes shape in the real world.
It was to explore urban mythology in a unique way while avoiding horror cliches.
Tolkien created a new mythology in an invented world which has proved timeless in its appeal.
In the years that followed his death, the established church built the mythology that still surrounds Saint Patrick.
There are a fair number of things from Norse mythology he could do.
The motif is likewise present in Greek mythology, Mount Olympus being the home of the gods.
An American, he moved to Britain to research Celtic mythology.
In Egyptian mythology, Seth causes the death of his brother Osiris, the first king of Egypt.
In it, you can find the Nordic mythology of Yggdrasil described in some detail.
He found in Christ the source of the truth and delight he had known in pagan mythology.
I just liked the whole based on Greek mythology.
I chose a scenario straight out of world mythology, a world where you go through space on the back of a giant turtle.
It is a sociology textbook for the comparative study of world creation mythology.
There was a lunar mythology extant long before it was known that the lunar orb was a reflector of the solar light.
William III, the Protestant hero of Orange mythology, we are reminded tried to extend legal toleration of religious worship to Catholics.
According to Norse mythology, Valhalla was a palace roofed with shields, wherein lived the bravest of the slain Norse warriors.
Here you find articles in the encyclopedia on topics related to Roman mythology.
These traders were also missionaries of their religion, as indeed is every Mahommedan, and to them is due the conversion of the Malays from rude pantheism, somewhat tinctured by Hindu mythology, to the Mahommedan creed.
She is the mother of Ur, the personified fire of hell, who in anger and pride made a violent onset on the world of light (compare the similar occurrence in the Manichaean mythology), but was mastered by Hibil and thrown in chains down to the "black water," and imprisoned within seven iron and seven golden walls.
Among the educated Greeks rationalistic views of the old mythology had become so current that they could assimilate Alexander to Dionysus without supposing him to be supernatural, and to this temper the divine honours were a mere form, an elaborate sort of flattery.
These were at first purely symbolical, meaningless to any but a Christian eye, such as the Vine, the Good Shepherd, the Sheep, the Fisherman, the Fish, &c. Even the personages of ancient mythology were pressed into the service of early Christian art, and Orpheus, taming the wild beasts with his lyre, symbolized the peaceful sway of Christ; and Ulysses, deaf to the Siren's song, represented the Believer triumphing over the allurements of sensual pleasure.
Thinkers chose their doctrines from many sources - from the venerated teaching of Aristotle and Plato, from that of the Pythagoreans and of the Stoics, from the old Greek mythology, and from the Jewish and other Oriental systems. Yet it must be observed that Neoplatonism, Gnosticism, and the other systems which are grouped under the name Alexandrian, were not truly eclectic, consisting, as they did, not of a mere syncretism of Greek and Oriental thought, but of a mutual modification of the two.
Biblical mythology is replete with examples of the efficacy of the word.
Through the Ages and for All Eternity The exact origin of the wedding ring is uncertain and is rife with superstition and mythology.
It 's an arrogant sound, near epic in construction, and clearly steeped in mythology of early 80's scouse pop.
Can Bink solve the riddle of Greek mythology 's most terrifying monster or will he lose his kingdom, his princess and his life?
In the Greek mythology class, the professor spent a few lectures talking about nymphs and their place in Greek legends.
Animals, scenes from mythology, and homages to ancestors are all commonly represented in this type of interior.
The second meaning and why Canon chose to tag their EOS image quality system was in order to make good use of Greek mythology, specifically by referencing "Eos", the goddess of dawn.
The Sirens were creatures in Greek Mythology who lured seafaring men to their deaths with their songs (and their sexiness).
In mythology,Persephone ate six pomegranate seeds and so was forced to live in the underworld six months out of the year.
Mythology - If you really want your child to wear something beautiful and unique, look to the dresses of the goddesses.
Stories of the Black Dog date back centuries to Ancient Geek mythology.
According to ancient mythology, Pandora was a beautiful woman who was made by the god Zeus and sent to earth with a special box.
Several shows, such as the KaTonga musical review of African animal mythology or the roving Mystic Sheiks of Morocco brass band are directly related to the park's overall theme.
The roller coaster facts about Griffon are as impressive as its centuries-old mythology.
With an innovative design coupled with an intriguing mythology, Griffon sparks the imaginations and adrenaline of riders in more ways than one.
Age of Mythology is a PC strategy game where heroes battle legendary monsters and the Gods have a big role in the lives of men and women.
If you like games like Civilization or are interested in mythology, this game is for you.
Inspired by ancient Greek mythology, God of War sends its hero on an epic adventure.
The powerful God of Thunder (according to Japanese mythology), Raiden (sometimes spelled Rayden), is rumoured to have received a personal invitation by Shang Tsung to participate in the tournament.
Popular titles like Civilization, Heroes of Might and Magic, Age of Mythology, Warcraft, and Everquest keep gamers busy for countless hours.
Their timeless mythology and detailed environments give gamers a whole world to explore within a single game.
Many people believe the white elephant is a Chinese icon when in fact the mythology surrounding such a rare occurrence in nature comes from Thailand.
The Om, or AUM, symbol is blessed with luck and according to Hindu mythology was the very first sound made in the universe when time began.
Constructing a Greek mythology family tree is not an easy task.
Fortunately, one does not have to begin a Greek mythology family tree from scratch.
The Theoi Project, a web site that explores Greek mythology and the gods in classical literature and art, provides a free, comprehensive reference guide.
The Theoi Project explores Greek mythology and the gods in classical literature and art.
These gods in Greek mythology were the basic components of the universe which emerged at creation from the "void" or "chaos".
Although it is so much a part of cultural mythology as to seem true, Irish red hair is only seen on about 4 percent of the population of Ireland.
Both history and mythology are replete with examples of our employment of these methods.
In Roman mythology, Saturn is the god of agriculture.
Mythology and magic are in equal favor at the renaissance faire.
For example, in the mythology of Yeats, fairies who range alone wear red.
Greek mythology tales speak of lovers that ended up as constellations, so give your love a story set against the stars.
In Greek mythology, the centaur was a half man and half horse creature that was said to be obnoxious, belligerent, rude and overly fond of wine.
Virgo is ruled by Mercury, the messenger of the Gods in mythology and astrology.
Pisces, being water-born and represented by two opposing fish due to the mythology surrounding this sign, is an exemplary model of water's nature.
For example, many episodes include references to Latin American folktales and mythology.
This superstition deemed fact for many people has its roots in cultures stemming from Viking and Norse mythology through the view of modern Christianity.
The earliest known origin of Friday the 13th as unlucky is attributed to Norse mythology.
I also read a lot of mythology, science fiction, and superhero comic books.
A maenad is a creature of mythology, women devoted to the orgiastic celebrations of Dionysus (Greek) or Bacchus (Roman), gods of libation and celebration.
According to the book's mythology, a true shape shifter turns into the last creature he saw.
Their intricate designs and complex mythology has left a lasting impression on the tattoo world.
Japan has a rich history, including thousands of years worth of incredible mythology.
Dragons have always played a large role in mythology, especially in the tales of both the Chinese and Japanese.
The Greek mythology concerning Capricornus varies from the traditional goat/fish imagery, offering even more tattooing opportunities.
Mythology has used fire in regards to many things from rebirth to destruction.
In Greek mythology, Prometheus stole the flame from the Gods to give to the humans in order for them to advance their society.
In Greek mythology, Gemini referred to the constellation which consists of Castor and Pollux who were the twin sons of Zeus by mortal mother Leda.
Throughout mythology, literature and history, the butterfly has been accredited with several different meanings and values.
In Greek mythology, Psyche and Eros had a relationship surrounded by butterfly imagery.
In mythology and interpretations, this zodiac sign is often symbolized by a winged woman.
Many people want a zodiac tattoo because of the mythology surrounding individual star signs or because of the archetypal patterns associated with astrological influence.
Over time, the water travel symbolism of nautical star tattoos gradually evolved to absorb deeper meanings that still reflected the star's good luck symbolism guidance mythology.
While some meanings associated with the star are shiny and new, the original and historical mythology surrounding the symbol is as strong as ever.
If you love mythology and history, consider Egyptian designs for inspiration.
Even though the art of tattooing has evolved into modern presentation and execution, the designs themselves often represent rich mythology and lore depicted by ancient civilizations.
Among the vast amounts of mythology associated with the ankh are regeneration, eternal life, conception, strength and health.
Fortunately, fans of Egyptian god and goddess lore have a wealth of mythology at their disposal.
Butterfly art works date back 3500 years to the Egyptian frescoes located at Thebes, making butterfly tattoos perfect for art lovers, Ancient Egyptian mythology fans and people with Egyptian antecedents.
The modern world craves meaning and purpose in all aspects of life, which often leads seekers to explore the mythology of past eras or civilizations alien to their own.
While the epic trilogy certainly qualifies as fantasy, there are several subgenres that include everything from mythology to ghost stories.
And like the gods of mythology, the Goa'uld also squabbled and battled among themselves.
He wrote everything, science fiction short stories and novels, mysteries, and popular science articles - he had a fantastic ability to make the most difficult topics accessible - and even books on mythology and religion.
Each of these heavy hitters added to Smallville's mythology while also acknowledging their own turns as DC Comics icons.
Smallville's more than two hundred episode run allowed for rich storylines, enhanced series mythology and the addition of multiple regular and recurring characters.
Clark Meets Dr. Virgil Swann - Christopher Reeve portrayed Dr. Swann in one of the series greatest mythology episodes.
Dragons and other great worms are universal in mankind's mythology; every culture has some form of giant worm myth.
When she returns to the sanctuary of home away from home, her siblings do not believe her until they too enter the wardrobe and the world of Narnia, where creatures from mythology and beasts of the wild talk and work together.
Dreamy and precise, the music and sound of Serenity provide the film with exquisite accents, drawing the audience into the experience as the sirens of mythology lured sailors into the depths with their songs.
As generations pass, mythology and religion form, and as the ship loses its way, mutations create a subspecies that menace the ship's inhabitants.
In the mythology and legends of many cultures, fairies have magical powers, often connected to nature such as trees, flowers, or waterfalls.
However, Battlestar Galactica quickly established a mythology, a fan base and a following.
In mythology, the butterfly is most often associated with rebirth, because the caterpillar emerges as a beautiful butterfly after a dormant time in the cocoon.
In Christian mythology, demons are depicted as the servants of Lucifer; fallen angels who are twisted, blackened and turned ugly by their association with jealousy, greed and envy.
The various facets of fantasy art demons, demons and demon mythology engage the human imagination.
The final result must be close enough to what the viewer expects to be immediately accepted, but unique enough to the mood and focus of the story to help create or reinforce its mythology.
The second film reconnects with these characters, particularly Shia LaBeouf's Sam Witwicky who plays a key role in Bay's Transformers mythology.
In mythology, Artemis was the goddess of the hunt.
The witch of Greek mythology that sought to seduce Odysseus and turned men into animals, made her debut appearance in 1949.
Fairy mythology extends around the globe, and with it names from each culture.
Elves, dwarves and many other magical creatures appear throughout Norse mythology and legend, and today's fictional female wood elves are creatures born of that past.
However, the concept of small, mythical creatures called "elves" originated from Norse and Germanic mythology and legend.
That mythology describes many different types of elves that lived in one of the nine worlds created by the gods.
The mythology (described in numerous poems and written tales) describes numerous species or types of elves, which included the following.
Throughout both mythology and fictional literature, each elf type has an important role to play within the world where they live.
The elves of mythology had more of a mystical and spiritual nature than the fictional counterparts.
Germanic mythology mentions young, beautiful men and women living in the forests, called wood elves.
In Norse mythology, these wood elves lived in the forest with a king.
The earliest mention of fairies comes from Greek mythology, in the form of supernatural entities called nymphs.
Other places where the legends about fairies were passed down included Roman mythology with the modern-day "angels," or lares, genii and penates.
Stars play heavily into Greek mythology, and the signs of the Zodiac represent volumes of stories and myths.
It is interesting to note that Greek mythology is also the source of at least some of the earliest fairy stories.The Leo sign is represented by a Lion.
In ancient folklore and mythology, certain fairies were believed to appear as tall and shining.
In the mythology of the Lord of the Rings, there were originally twenty ring bearers.
The series relies on the internal mythology of hunters Sam and Dean Winchester as they cross the country in their 67 Chevy Impala hunting down urban legends, demons and monsters.
In season four, Dean is resurrected from hell by an angel as Christian mythology and the war between heaven and hell heats up.
Here you find articles in the encyclopedia on topics related to Greek mythology.
The Hindus are fond of painting the outside of their houses a deep red colour, and of covering the most conspicuous parts with pictures of flowers, men, women, bulls, elephants and gods and goddesses in all the many forms known in Hindu mythology.
The cause of this attachment to and veneration for the dog is, however, explained in a far more probable and pleasing way than by many of the fables of ancient mythology.
Here you find articles in the encyclopedia on topics related to German or Norse mythology.
Rather he was a theologian who arrived at his theory of the unity of the Supreme Being by criticism of the contemporary mythology.
Lastly, the restriction to aniconic worship saved them from much superstition, for there is nothing which so much stimulates the growth of a mythology as the manufacture of idols.
The only certainly genuine work of Hecataeus was the FuenNo-yiac or `IcrTopiat, a systematic account of the traditions and mythology of the Greeks.
This Plato expressed in the myth of the Sun, but the garment of mythology in which Plato clothed his idealism, beautiful as it is in itself and full of suggestion, covered an essential weakness.
Here you find articles in the encyclopedia about people from Greek mythology.
The Dene (Tinneh) myths resembled those of the Eskimo, and all the hunting tribes of eastern Canada and United States and the Mississippi valley have a mythology based upon their zootechny and their totemism.
The latter have been connected by Ewald and others with the later doctrine of seven chief angels 25, parallel to and influenced by the Ameshaspentas (Amesha Spenta), or seven great spirits of the Persian mythology, but the connexion is doubtful.
This system spread widely, and the early Christians especially appealed to it as a confirmation of their belief that ancient mythology was merely an aggregate of fables of human invention.
The serpent, too, in mythology is a regular symbol of water.
Possibly the narrator, or redactor, desired to tone down the traces of mythology.
Is he a pale form of the Babylonian chaos-dragon, or of the serpent of Iranian mythology who sprang from heaven to earth to blight the" good creation "?
Hence in later times he is often represented in art and mythology as a herald.
This conception of a difference, of an internal structure in the absolute, finds other and not less obscure expressions in the mystical contributions of the Menschliche Freiheit and in the scholastic speculations of the Berlin lectures on mythology.
America; and all over that region it is the chief figure in a group of myths, fulfilling the office of a culture hero who brings the light, gives fire to mankind, &c. Together with the eaglehawk the crow plays a great part in the mythology of S.E.
Colchis was celebrated in Greek mythology as the destination of the Argonauts, the home of Medea and the special domain of sorcery.
But this aspect of the Vedic deities is essentially matter for the science of religion rather than of mythology, which is concerned with the stories told about the gods.
Elam, "the land of the cedar-forest," with its enchanted trees, figured largely in Babylonian mythology, and one of the adventures of the hero Gilgamesh was the destruction of the tyrant Khumbaba who dwelt in the midst of it.
On all this the recent archaeological discoveries (see the section on Archaeology) have thrown great light, but the earliest written history of Crete, like that of most parts of continental Greece, is mixed up with mythology and fable to so great an extent as to render it difficult to arrive at any clear conclusions concerning it.
As compilers and authors of works in various scientific branches allied to history, may be particularly mentioned-in statistics and geography, Alexius Fenyes, Emeric Palugyay, Alexander Konek, John Hunfalvy, Charles Galgoczy, Charles Keleti, Leo Beothy, Joseph Korosi, Charles Ballagi and Paul Kiraly, and, as regards Transylvania, Ladislaus Kovary; in travel, Arminius Vambery, Ignatius Goldziher, Ladislaus Magyar, John Xantus, John Jerney, Count Andrassy, Ladislaus Podmaniczky, Paul Hunfalvy; in astronomy, Nicholas Konkoly; in archaeology, Bishop Arnold Ipolyi, Florian Romer, Emeric Henszlmann, John Erdy, Baron Albert Nyary, Francis Pulszky and Francis Kiss; in Hungarian mythology, Bishop Ipolyi, Anthony Csengery,' and Arpad Kerekgyarto; in numismatics, John Erdy and Jacob Rupp; and in jurisprudence, Augustus Karvassy, Theodore Pauler, Gustavus Wenczel, Emeric Csacsk6, John Fogarasi and Ignatius Frank.
The argument is developed with convincing ingenuity, but it may be doubted whether it has permanently " rescued Odin from the misty dreamland of mythology and restored him to history."
We have the testimony of two men of shrewd common sense and masculine understanding - Martial and Juvenal - to the stale and lifeless character of the art of the Silver Age, which sought to reproduce in the form of epics, tragedies and elegies the bright fancies of the Greek mythology.
He subscribes himself Geoffrey Arturus; from this we may perhaps infer that he had already begun his experiments in the manufacture of Celtic mythology.
Among numerous early writings on Stonehenge may be mentioned Stonehenge and Abury, by Dr William Stukely (1740; reprinted in 1840); Davies, Celtic Researches (1804), and Mythology of the Druids (1809) Hoare, Ancient Wiltshire (1812), vol.