Abu-l-`Atahiya (q.v.), his contemporary, is fluent, simple and often didactic. Muslim ibn ul-Walid (ed.
Macdonald's Muslim Theology (London, 1903), especially the creed of Ash`ari in Appendix iii.
In a narrower sense, Ulema is used, in a Muslim state, of a council of such learned men, holding government appointments.
760 seq.; Macdonald, Development of Muslim Theology, 80, 147 seq.; Dhahabi Tadhkira (edit.
Macdonald, Muslim Theology (London, 1903); the Hidaya (trans.
There are many Christian converts (chiefly Anglicans and Wesleyans) and Muslims. In the Northern areas are some Muslim tribes, as for instance the Susu.
Falaba was founded towards the end of the 18th century by the Sulima who revolted from the Muslim Fula, and its normadic inhabitants soon attained supremacy over the neighbouring villages and country.
44 ff.; Macdonald, Development of Muslim Theology, I10, 157, index.
'alim, literally "knowers," in the sense of scientes), the learned of Islam, theologians, canonlawyers, professors, judges, muftis, &c., all who, whether in office or not, are versed theoretically and practically in Muslim science in general.
MUSLIM IBN AL-Hajjaj, the Imam, the author of one of the two books of Mahommedan tradition called Sahih, "sound," was born at Nishapur at some uncertain date after A.D.
175 sqq.; Macdonald, Muslim Theology, eec., 99 sqq.