Dissatisfied with the pressures and sacrifices of combining mothering with full-time work, many women have sought alternatives that allow them to relax the hectic pace of their lives but still maintain jobs and careers.
To help answer these questions, Daphne White, founder of the Lion & Lamb Project, published a list of guidelines in the November-December 2004 issue of Mothering magazine.
The biggest indicator of a child's behavior, however, was the family environment, particularly the sensitivity of mothering practices.
For example, if you spend too much time at your computer or mothering a newborn child, you probably tend to be round-shouldered.
However, a low-quality child-care environment combined with less sensitive mothering did leave infants less securely attached.
It is a sensible, middle-of-the-road approach to mothering that takes into account that every baby and parent is different.
Sources close to the couple say Jennifer's mothering instinct grows stronger by the day.
She couldn't bear the thought of him returning to the troubled teen he'd been and tried to think of something to say to straddle the line between mothering him and letting him be his own person.
You want me to stop mothering you.
In Gloucestershire simnel cakes are still common; and at Usk, Monmouth, the custom of mothering is still scrupulously observed.