FRANZ ERNST 'BRUCKMANN (1697-1753), German mineralogist, was born on the 27th of September 1697 at Marienthal near Helmstedt.
Beginning with the German mineralogist W.
FRIEDEL, CHARLES (1832-1899), French chemist and mineralogist, was born at Strassburg on the 12th of March 1832.
The expedition, including naturalists, botanists, a mineralogist, taxidermists, a philologist, &c., was carried by the sloops-of-war "Vincennes" and "Peacock," the brig "Porpoise," the storeship "Relief" and two tenders.
HENRI HUREAU DE SENARMONT (1808-1862), French mineralogist and physician, was born at Broue, Eure et Loire, on the 6th of September 1808.
JOHANN NEPOMUK VON FUCHS (1774-1856), German chemist and mineralogist, was born at Mattenzell, near Brennberg :in the Bavarian Forest, on the 15th of May 1774.
ALEXANDRE BRONGNIART (1770-1847), French mineralogist and geologist, son of the eminent architect who designed the Bourse and other public buildings of Paris, was born in that city on the 5th of February 1770.
GIOVANNI BATTISTA BROCCHI (1772-1826), Italian mineralogist and geologist, was born at Bassano on the 18th of February 1772.
JAMES SMITHSON (1765-1829), British chemist and mineralogist and founder of the Smithsonian Institution at Washington, a natural son of Hugh Smithson, 1st duke of Northumberland,.
FRANZ LUDWIG VON CANCRIN (1738-1812), German mineralogist and metallurgist, was born on the 21st of February 1738, at Breitenbach, Hesse-Darmstadt.
FRANZ ERNST NEUMANN (1798-1895), German mineralogist, physicist and mathematician, was born at Joachimstal on the Il th of September 1798.
Among Peruvian naturalists since the advent of the republic, the most distinguished have been Mariano Eduardo Rivero, the geologist, mineralogist and archaeologist, and his friend and colleague Nicolas de: Pierola, authors of Memorial de ciencias naturales.