from Metz by rail.
of Coblenz, on the main lines of railway from Coblenz to Metz and from Cologne to Saarbriicken.
Although some Frankish kings resided here, it gradually yielded place to Metz as a Frankish capital.
Far more extensive was the territory under the spiritual authority of the archbishop which included the bishoprics of Metz, Toul and Verdun, and after 1777 also those of Nancy and St Die.
The older portion, the capella in palatio, an octagonal building surmounted by a dome, was designed on the model of San Vitale at Ravenna by Udo of Metz, was begun under Charlemagne's auspices in 796 and consecrated by Pope Leo III.
JEAN VICTOR PONCELET (1788-1867), French mathematician and engineer, was born at Metz on the 1st of July 1788.
From 1808 to 1810 he attended the .Ecole polytechnique, and afterwards, till 1812, the Ecole d'application at Metz.
From 1815 to 1825 he was occupied with military engineering at Metz; and from 1825 to 1835 he was professor of mechanics at the Ecole d'application there.
The revolution of the 4th of September brought him back to Paris, and it was he who in his paper Le Combat displayed a black-edged announcement of the pourparlers for the surrender of Metz.
Metz ou sur toute autre frontiere serait declarer la guerre a la nation et abdiquer le trone.
It was ordered that these territories should be at once restored to that province under the crown of France, and several independent sovereigns were cited to appear before two chambers of inquiry, called chambres de reunion, which Louis had established at Brisach and Metz.
The school of practical artillery and engineering was transferred to Fontainebleau from Metz by a decree of 1871, and now occupies the part of the palace surrounding the cour des offices.
When (1541) Calvin was recalled to Geneva, Farel also returned; but in 1542 he went to Metz to support the Reformation there.
It is said that when he preached in the Dominican church of Metz, the bells were rung to drown his voice, but his voice outdid the bells, and on the next occasion he had three thousand hearers.
Yet in his last year he revisited Metz, preaching amid great enthusiasm, with all his wonted fire.
The effort was too much for him; he left the church exhausted, took to his bed, and died at Metz on the 13th of September 1565.
ALEXANDRE ANTOINE HUREAU DE SENARMONT (1769-1810), French artillery general, was born at Strassburg, and educated at the Metz school for engineer and artillery cadets.
To make the restoration more complete, a great assembly at Diedenhofen declared the deposition of Louis to have been contrary to law, and a few days later he was publicly restored in the cathedral of Metz.
He was buried in the church of St Arnulf at Metz.
She journeyed, in company with Constant, by Metz and Frankfort to Weimar, and arrived there in December.
Aix-la-Chapelle, Bonn and Ziilpich were their principal centres, and they even advanced southward as far as Metz, which appears to have resisted their attacks.
It usually had Metz for its capital, and the inhabitants of the kingdom were known as the Austrasii.
of Metz, at the south end of one of the most extensive coal-fields in Europe, to which it has given its name.
Its early lords were the bishops of Metz, the counts of the lower Saargau, and the counts of the Ardennes.
Many of Walafrid's other poems are, or include, short addresses to kings and queens (Lothair, Charles, Louis, Pippin, Judith, &c.) and to friends (Einhard, Grimald, Hrabanus Maurus, Tatto, Ebbo, archbishop of Reims, Drogo, bishop of Metz, &c.).
Ochino escaped to Geneva, and Vermigli to Zurich, thence to Basel, and finally to Strassburg, where, with Bucer's support, he was appointed professor of theology and married his first wife, Catherine Dammartin of Metz.
METZ, a town, first-class fortress and episcopal see of Germany, in the imperial province of Alsace-Lorraine, capital of (German) Lorraine, on the Moselle, 99 m.
Metz also possesses several learned societies, charitable institutions and schools, and a military academy.
As a fortress, Metz has always been of the highest importance, and throughout history down to 1870 it had never succumbed to an enemy, thus earning for itself the name of La pucelle.
43) show Metz as it was about 'goo; in the years following a new outer chain of defences was constructed, which extends as far as Thionville on the north side and has its centre in front of Metz on the Gravelotte battleground.
- Metz, the Roman Divodurum, was the chief town of the Mediomatrici, and was also called by the Romans Mediomatrica, a name from which the present form has been derived by contraction.
Under the Roman emperors Metz was connected by military roads with Toul, Langres, Lyons, Strassburg, Verdun, Reims and Trier.
On the partition of the Carolingian realms in 843 Metz fell to the share of the emperor Lothair I.
Metz acquired the privileges of a free imperial town in the 13th century, and soon attained great commercial prosperity.
At the peace of Westphalia in 1648 Metz, with Toul and Verdun, was formally ceded to France, in whose possession it remained for upwards of two centuries.
The battles of August 1870, and the investment and capture of the army of Metz which followed, are described below.
By the peace of Frankfort on the 10th of May 1871 Metz was again united to the German Empire.
Prost, Etudes sur l'histoire de Metz (1897); and Tauber, Die Schlachtfelder von Metz (Berlin, 1902).
- The French army under Marshal Bazaine was in and about Metz.
armies, on the march from the Saar, were heading for the Moselle between Metz and Pont-a-Mousson, and on the morning of the 14th of August the German I.
Steinmetz) lay on and east of the French, with outposts well to the front, watching the French camps east of Metz, which were little more than 1 m.
In Metz, meanwhile, Bazaine had decided to retreat, and during the morning orders to that effect reached his corps commanders, who commenced preparations for their execution.
The convex slopes falling from the Prussian position towards Metz gave plenty of cover to the French, and the setting sun shone full in the faces of the Prussian artillerymen.
Fortunately for the Prussians, Bazaine had issued similar orders to his subordinates, who, having their men better in hand, were able to obey; and as night began to close in the French broke off the action and retired under the guns of the Metz forts, convinced that at last they had "broken the spell" of German success.
Corps, away to the south-westward, for support, he determined Metz Battlefields (Western) ' 'Scale.
the 38th brigade began its advance on the north-west corner of the Tronville copses, this direction taking them diagonally across the front Metz Battlefields (Eastern) Scale.
Scrub and woods with dense undergrowth line both its banks, and, except by the great chaussee from Metz to Verdun, access to the French side becomes impossible to troops in ordered bodies.
At daybreak on the morning of the 18th the royal headquarters (which now for the first time arrived at the front) still had no certain knowledge as to whether the French main army was in retreat - covered by the force which they could see on the high ground north of the Metz road - or whether they had taken up a position in order to fight.
Corps, being left in observation of the troops visible on their front and of the garrison of Metz itself.
Corps was kept back beyond the Moselle on the east side of Metz, the II.
north of the Metz road), determined to attack with the IX.
The confusion in and around St Privat, where troops from four several corps were all intermingled, became so extreme that no further infantry-advance could be attempted; so under cover of the fierce artillery duel the remnants of the unfortunate 6th corps drifted away towards Metz down the many ravines leading into the river valley.
The Investment of Metz (Aug.
- During the night following the battle of Gravelotte the French army withdrew within the line of the forts round Metz.
Meanwhile, the French in Metz had been diligently at work.
The idea was even mooted of damming up the river near Hauconcourt, and thus, flooding out the whole of the civil population of Metz; but expert civil engineers, who were sent for from Germany, reported against the proposal.
As time wore on the conditions in Metz and the surrounding camps became deplorable.
The investment of Metz had lasted 54 days, and the deathroll of the civil population had risen to 3587 against 1200 in the corresponding period of a normal year.
But in the annals of Metz and Moissac, the coronation is stated to have taken place in the year 801, and his death in 813.
He entered the army, saw much service in Algeria (1862), and took part in the fighting around Metz in 1870.
On the surrender of Metz, he was sent as a prisoner of war to Aix-la-Chapelle, whence he returned in time to assist at the capture of Paris from the Commune.
In 1552, when the king left the kingdom for the campaign of Metz, she was nominated regent, but with very limited powers.
of Metz on the railway to Noveant.
He also administered the diocese of Metz, and was nominated to that of Marseilles in 1621, but illhealth obliged him here to take a coadjutor.
Corps cantoned at Metz.
Corps from Metz, having the longest distance to go, started first (on June 6), and soon the whole army was The in motion for the selected points of concentration, French every effort being made to hide the movements of the concen.
As a senator he consistently opposed the increasing monarchism of Napoleon, who, however, gave him in 1809 a pension and commissioned him to write a work on fortification for the school of Metz.
PIERRE LOUIS DE LACRETELLE (1751-1824), French politician and writer, was born at Metz on the 9th of October 1751.
His younger brother, Jean Charles Dominique De Lacretelle, called Lacretelle le jeune (1766-1855), historian and journalist, was also born at Metz on the 3rd of September 1766.
When the FrancoGerman War broke out in 1870, de Cissey was given a divisional command in the Army of the Rhine, and he was included in the surrender of Bazaine's army at Metz.
Elsass-Lothringen), a German imperial territory (since 1871), consisting of the former French province Alsace (then divided into the departments of Haut-Rhin and Bas-Rhin), together with its capital Strassburg, and German Lorraine (which included the department of the Moselle and portions of the departments of Meurthe and Vosges), together with the capital and fortress of Metz.
The mean annual temperature at Strassburg is 49.8° F., at Metz 48.2°; the rainfall at Strassburg 264 in., and at Metz 271 in.
The largest towns are Strassburg (the capital of the territory), Miilhausen, Metz, Colmar, all above 20,000 inhabitants each.
Moreover, there are purely industrial tribunals at Miilhausen, Thann, Markirch, Strassburg and Metz.
In 868 at Metz they agreed definitely to a partition; but when Lothair died in 869, Louis was lying seriously ill, and his armies were engaged with the Moravians.
He had a brilliant career at the school of artillery at Metz, obtained his commission in 1781, and became captain in 1788.
la defense des places (Metz); Essai sur le tir des projectiles creux (Paris, 1826); and on military history, Campagne sur le Main et la Rednitz de l'armee gallo-batave (Paris, 1802); Operations des pontonniers en Italie ...
After this failure he departed once more to the wars to the siege of Metz (1552), and "trailed a pike" in the emperor's army, until he joined the forces under William, Lord Grey of Wilton, with whom he says he served eight years.
Saarburg, which has been identified with the Pons Saravi of the Romans, belonged to France from 1661 to 1871, its earlier owners having been the bishops of Metz and the dukes of Lorraine.
in 863 at the death of his brother Charles of Provence; while Louis had the cities of Cologne, Trier and Metz, together with Alsace, the Escuens, and the Varais, i.e.
PIERRE LOUIS ROEDERER, Comte (75435), French politician and economist, was born at Metz on the 15th of February 1754, the son of a magistrate.
At the age of twentyfive he became councillor at the parlement of Metz, and was commissioned in 1787 to draw up a list of remonstrances.
In 1788 he published Deputation aux Etats generaux, a pamphlet remarkable for its bold exposition of liberal principles, and partly on the strength of this he was elected deputy to the states-general by the Third Estate of the bailliage of Metz.
Amalarius of Metz, in his De ecclesiasticis officiis (ii.
After studying theology, he devoted himself to law, and in 1788 was an avocat at the parlement of Metz.
The first advance in accuracy was due to a certain Adrian, son of Anthony, a native of Metz (1527), and father of the better-known Adrian Metius of Alkmaar.
He entered the profession of the law, and became in succession advocate to the general council of Artois, procureur to the parlement of Douai, master of requests, then intendant of Metz (1768) and of Lille (1774).
After the conclusion of the Armistice Poincare made a tour in Alsace and Lorraine, his official entrance into Metz taking place on Dec. 4 1918.
Paulus wrote at the request of Angilram, bishop of Metz (d.
791), a history of the bishops of Metz to 766, the first work of its kind north of the Alps.
Urlichs (Wiirzburg, 1878); Oehmichen (Erlangen, 1880); Dalstein (Metz, 1885); H.
404 an institution in which Goths might be trained to preach the Gospel to their own people; 3 Martin of Tours, who evangelized the central districts of Gaul; Valentinus, the " apostle of Noricum," about 440; Honoratus, who from his monastic home in the islet of Lerins, about 410, sent missionaries among the masses of heathendom in the neighbourhood of Arles, Lyons, Troyes, Metz and Nice; and St Patrick, who converted Ireland into " the isle of saints " (died either in 463 or 495).
As Dagobert was yet but a child, he was placed under the authority of the mayor of the palace, Pippin, and Arnulf, bishop of Metz.
of Metz, 60 m.
He speedily organized an army, which might possibly have effected the relief of Paris if Metz had held out, but the surrender of Bazaine brought the army of the crown prince into the field, and success was impossible.
They had lost some 2 500 killed, amongst them Gournay and Berbier du Metz, the chief of artillery, the Allies twice as many, as well as 48 guns, and Luxemburg was able to send 150 colours and standards to decorate NotreDame.
from Metz, whereas Hadersleben, in Schleswig, is only 540 m.
It is navigable all this distance as are also the Neckar from Esslingen, the Main from Bamberg, the Lahn, the Lippe, the Ruhr, the Mosel from Metz, with its affluents the Saar and Satier.
Between the old rocks of the Rhine on the west and the ancient inassif of Bohemia on the east a vast area of Triassic beds extends from Hanover to Basel and from Metz to Bayreuth.
01 32,379 KuIm (seat at Pelplin, West Prussia), Fulda, Hildesheim, Osnabrck, Paderborn, Mnster,)78 586,948 Limburg, Trier, Metz, Strassburg, Spires, Wurzburg, Regensburg, Passau, Eichstntt, - Augsburg, Rottenburg (WUrttemberg) and Mainz.
Metz (Lorraine); XVII.
Thus, the creation of a new series of forts extending from Thionville (Diedenhofen) to Metz and thence south-eastward was coupled with the construction of twelve strategic railway stations between Cologne and the Belgian frontier, and laterthe so-called fundamental plan of operations against France having apparently undergone modification in consequence of changes in the foreign relations of the German governmentan immense strategic railway station was undertaken at Saarburg, on the right rear of Thionville and well away from the French frontier, and many important new works both of fortification and of railway construction were begun in Upper Alsace, between Colmar and Basel.
He had also earned renown by carrying on feuds with the citizens of Worms and of Metz, and now, with a view to realizing his larger ambitions, he opened the campaign (August 1522) by attacking the elector of Trier, who, as a spiritual prince, would not, it was hoped, receive any help from the religious reformers.
The French king seized Metz, which was part of the spoil promised to him by his allies, and Charles made an attempt to regain the city.
Up to this time the possession of Metz, Toul and Verdun by France had never been officially recognized; now these bishoprics were formally conceded to her.
After a momentary reconciliation with Louis during his illness at Metz in 1744, Marie shut herself up more closely with her own circle of friends until her death at Versailles on the 24th of June 1768.
In 567 she was asked in marriage by Sigebert, who was reigning at Metz.
She now abjured Arianism and was converted to the orthodox faith, and the union was celebrated at Metz; on which occasion Fortunatus, an Italian poet, who was then at the Frankish court, composed the epithalamium.
Epinal originated towards the end of the 10th century with the founding of a monastery by Theodoric (Dietrich) I., bishop of Metz, whose successors ruled the town till 1444, when its inhabitants placed themselves under the protection of Kin& Charles VII.
Later he was a teacher at Metz, and about 1070 he returned to Gembloux, where, occupied in teaching and writing, he lived until his death on the 5th of October 1112.
led by Christian Metz, the " divine instrument " of the Society,, emigrated from Germany to the United States and settled in a.
Metz died in 1864 and was, succeeded by Barbara Landmann, since whose death in 1884 the community has lacked an inspired leader.
His Soil, Count Charles Paul Victor Pajol (1821-1891), entered the army and had reached the rank of general of division when he was involved in the catastrophe of Metz (1870).
13 At Rouen the celebration of St Romain seems to preserve a recollection of human sacrifice to a serpent-demon which was primarily suppressed by a pagan hero, and at Metz, where St Clement is celebrated as the conqueror of a dragon, its image (formerly kept in the cathedral) was taken round the streets at the annual festival and received offerings of food.
Gregory of Tours, who died in 594, relates that in the reign of Theodoric of Metz (511 - J34) the Danes invaded the kingdom, and carried off many captives and much plunder to their ships.
There are very few trustworthy ancient sources of information, but it seems probable that the Rule of Chrodegang, 1 archbishop of Metz (d.
On his return from the third of these journeys he died at Metz in Lorraine on the 21st of June 1040.
In 586 he was at Coblenz, and on his return to Yvois (the modern Carignan) visited the stylite Wulfilaic; in 588 we hear of him at Metz and also at Chalon-sur-Saone,whither he was sent to obtain from King Guntram the ratification of the pact of Andelot; in 593 he was at Orleans, where Childebert had just succeeded his uncle Guntram.
The king went to Metz in 1744, and his presence there did something to ward off the danger.
Thus were created successively the parlements of Toulouse, Grenoble, Bordeaux, Dijon, Rouen, Aix, Rennes, Pau, Metz, Douai,.
In 1783 he was crowned by the academy of Nancy for his Eloge de la poesie, and in 1788 by that of Metz for an Essai sur la regeneration physique et morale des Juifs.
It appeared in history in 613, its origin being traced to Arnulf (Arnoul), bishop of Metz, and Pippin, long called Pippin of Landen, but more correctly Pippin the Old or Pippin I.
Arnulf was one of the Austrasian nobles who appealed to Clotaire II., king of Neustria, against Brunhilda, and it was in reward for his services that he received from Clotaire the bishopric of Metz (613).
There is no positive evidence of any measures taken or threatened against him; but it is certain that he passed nearly the whole of 1546 and part of 1547 at Metz in Lorraine as physician to the town at the salary of 120 livres, and Sturm speaks of him as having been "cast out of France by the times" (with the exclamation c56 TLilv xpovwv) in a contemporary letter, and says that he himself in another letter gives a doleful account of his pecuniary affairs and asks for assistance.
When his father was assassinated in 575, Childebert was taken from Paris by Gundobald, one of his faithful leudes, to Metz, where he was recognized as sovereign.
Hincmar energetically supported the policy of Charles the Bald in Lorraine, less perhaps from devotion to the king's interests than from a desire to see the whole of the ecclesiastical province of Reims united under the authority of a single sovereign, and in 869 it was he who consecrated Charles at Metz as king of Lorraine.
The other document, of more limited scope, is a group of Capitula given under the name of Angilram, bishop of Metz.
The former French port (Queuleu) at Metz was renamed Goeben after him, and the 28th infantry bears his name.
Pole was required to leave France, and he established himself at Metz, in Lorraine, and built a palace at La Haute Pierre, near St Simphorien.
After the defeat of Reichshoffen, when Bazaine was thrown back upon Metz, he wished to retreat upon Paris.
The ecclesiastical party also abandoned Brunhilda because of her persecution of their saints, after which Clotaire, having now got the upper hand, thanks to the defection of the Austrasian nobles, of Arnulf, bishop of Metz, with his brother Pippin, and of Warnachaire, mayor of the palace, made a terrible end of Brurihilda in 613.
One, Pippin of Landen, derived his power from his position as mayor of the palace, from great estates in Aquitaine and between the Meuse and the Rhine, and from the immense number of his supporters; the other, Arnulf, bishop of Metz, sprang from a great family, probably of Roman descent, and was besides immensely wealthy in worldly possessions.
Descended as he was from Arnuif, bishop of Metz, he was before all things a churchman, and behind his armies marched the missionaries to whom the Carolingian dynasty, of which he was the founder, were to subject all Christendom.
Louis was deposed at the assembly of Compigne (833), the bishops forcing him to assume the garb of a penitent; but he was re-established on his throne in St Etienne at Metz, the 28th of February 835, from which time until his death in 840 he fell more and more under the influence of his ambitious wife, and thought only of securing an inheritance for Charles, his favorite son.
Hardly was Louis buried in the basilica of Metz before his sons flew to arms. The first dynastic war broke out between Lothair, who by the settlement of 817 claimed the whole The sons monarchy with the imperial title, and his brothers O~OUS Louis and Charles.
Under pretext of grave news received from his father, and of an interview at Metz with his uncle, the emperor Charles IV., he begged the states to adjourn till the 3rd of November 1356.
to their aids offering to subsidize him and cede to him the towns of Metz, Toul and Verdun.
The defence of Metz by Francis of Guise was admirable ~ and successful; but in Picardy operations continued their course without much result, owing to the incapacity of the constable de Montmorency.
influence since the defence of Metz had been supreme Philip ~.
to take his kingship in earnest, thinking to cure him by war of his effeminate passions; and, in the spring of 1744, the kings grave illness at Metz gave a momentary hope of reconciliation between him and the deserted queen.
Clubs were openly organized, pamphlets and journals appeared, regardless of administrative orders; workmens unions multiplied in Paris, Bordeaux and Lyons, in face of drastic pro hibition; and anarchy finally set in with the defection of the army in Paris on the 23rd of June, at Nancy, at Metz and at Brest.
Charles sought the alliance of his uncle, the emperor Charles IV., to whom he did homage at Metz as dauphin of the Viennois, and he was also made imperial vicar of Dauphine, thus acknowledging the imperial jurisdiction.
Charles, anxious to secure such a famous fighter, gladly assented to Albert's demands and gave the imperial sanction to his possession of the lands taken from the bishops of Wiirzburg and Bamberg; and his conspicuous bravery was of great value to the emperor on the retreat from Metz in January 1553.
FORBACH, a town of Germany in the imperial province of Alsace-Lorraine, on an affluent of the Rossel, and on the railway from Metz to Saarbriicken, 52 m.
Ecclesiastical reform was continued under Pippin, Bishop Chrodegans of Metz uniting the clergy of Metz in a common life and creating canons (see Canon).
See Westphal, Geschichte der Stadt Metz (1875-1877); Georg Lang, Metz and seine Umgebungen (1883), the Statistisch-topographisches Handbuch fiir Lothringen; Albers, Geschichte der Stadt Metz (Metz, 1902); G.
(See also Francogerman War: Bibliography.) Battles Around Metz, In The Franco-German War, 1870 I.
The Metz forts, though neither sufficiently armed nor even completely finished in some cases, were nevertheless, with their deep ditches and self-protecting bastion trace, far too formidable for any field army to attempt without the aid of a siege train of some 200 guns, which for the moment were not available.
On the recognition of this fact negotiations for the capitulation of Metz were begun on the 13th of October, and on the 14th the Army of the Rhine surrendered.
The mean annual temperature at Strassburg is 49.8Ã‚° F., at Metz 48.2Ã‚°; the rainfall at Strassburg 264 in., and at Metz 271 in.
Metz, already surrounded by the French with a girdle of forts, was extended and completed (see FORTIFICATION AND SIEGEcRAFT) as a great entrenched camp, and Strassburg, which in 1870 possessed no outlying works, was similarly expanded, though the latter was regarded an instrument of defence more than of attack.
Dietrich, bishop of Metz (d.
The Civil Constitution of the Clergy, too, seemed to him not only to violate his rights as a king, but his faith as a Christian also; and when the emigration of the nobility and the death of Mirabeau (April 2, 1791) had deprived him of his natural supporters and his only adviser, resuming the old plan of withdrawing to the army of the marquis de Bouill at Metz, he made his ill-fated attempt to escape from Paris (June 20, 1791).
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