They are subject to abuse, and amphetamines and methylphenidate are controlled substances in the United States.
The drugs commonly abused are methylphenidate, amphetamine, and methamphetamine.
Unlike methylphenidate and amphetamine, MDMA has no legitimate therapeutic use.
The most common use of methylphenidate and amphetamine in children is for control of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder.
The reports of growth suppression associated with amphetamines and methylphenidate are not definitive but appear to be valid.
When used to treat ADHD, methylphenidate and amphetamines do not have the adverse effects associated with these drugs when they are abused.
Because of the potential for abuse, methylphenidate and amphetamines must be kept out of reach of children, particularly visitors and older siblings of a child being treated for ADHD.
A child who does poorly on methylphenidate may respond to amphetamines and vice versa.
Starting treatment with methylphenidate or amphetamines may unmask the condition, and the tics will become apparent.
Several studies have shown methylphenidate (Ritalin) to be a useful drug for both ADHD and CD in some children.
Methylphenidate is one of a group of drugs called central nervous system (CNS) stimulants.
Methylphenidate contributes to the treatment of ADHD by increasing attention and decreasing restlessness in children and adults who are overactive, cannot concentrate for very long, or are easily distracted, and are impulsive.
Methylphenidate is intended to be used as part of a total treatment program that also includes social, educational, and psychological treatment.
A central nervous system stimulant, methylphenidate is also used to control narcolepsy, a condition characterized by an overpowering desire to sleep.
Methylphenidate comes in short- and long-acting tablets.
Initially methylphenidate is prescribed in two daily doses of 2.5 mg each, taken at breakfast and lunch time.
The primary side effect of methylphenidate is growth suppression.
In many cases, a child only takes methylphenidate during the school year.
Methylphenidate can be addictive and dosage should be tapered off gradually.
Some medical professionals believe that methylphenidate is prescribed too often.
The dosage of methylphenidate is different for different people.
Methylphenidate is also affected by epilepsy, Tourette's syndrome, glaucoma, high blood pressure, psychosis, severe anxiety, and tics.
Leach. "Is methylphenidate useful for treating adolescents with ADHD?"
"Methylphenidate." Internet Mental Health.
A clinical trial of the drug, methylphenidate (Ritalin), was conducted with 33 boys with autism spectrum disorder between the ages of 5 and 13.
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