Among the natural causes may be classed all failures of crops due to excess or defect of rainfall and other meteorological phenomena, or to the ravages of insects and vermin.
The government has a meteorological station here and a national college.
During the first 40 years of the Meiji era numerous meteorological stations were established.
At the polar meteorological station of Sagastyr, in the delta of the Lena (73° 23' N.), the following average temperatures have been observed: January - 34.3° F.
It has a meteorological observatory.
He invented the wheel barometer, discussed the application of barometrical indications to meteorological forecasting, suggested a system of optical telegraphy, anticipated E.F.F.
Dissipation seems largely dependent on meteorological conditions, but the phenomena at different stations vary so much as to suggest that the connexion is largely indirect.
The methods adopted by the zemstvos for improving the condition of agriculture have included the formation of agricultural councils, the appointment of inspectors, and the founding of museums, meteorological stations and depots for the sale of agricultural machinery.
Except for Jerusalem, we have hardly any accurate meteorological observations; there the mean annual temperature is about 63° F.; in Beirut it is about 68°.
From 1881 till 1904 meteorological observations were taken from the summit of Ben Nevis, the observers at first making the ascent daily for the purpose.
The observatory, which was connected by wire with the post office at Fort William, was provisioned by the Scottish Meteorological Society, to whom it belonged.
Very slight differences in climate appear to cause very great differences in the quality of the tobacco, and ordinary meteorological records are of little use in determining the suitability or not of a region for a particular kind of leaf; this essential point must be determined by experiment.
He served on various royal commissions, and from 1877 was the chairman of the managing body of the meteorological office.
1861), who made important investigations concerning clouds, and attracted attention by his use of kites for obtaining meteorological data.
This article is restricted to general oceanography in its physical aspects, the closely-related meteorological,, biological and economic aspects being dealt with elsewhere.
The Hydrographic Office of the United States had collected 3800 meteorological logs with 3,200,000 entries before 1888; but since that time the logs have contained only one observation daily (at Greenwich noon) and of these 2,380.000 entries had been received by 1904.
In the intermediate belt between the two high-pressure areas the meteorological equator remains permanently north of the geographical equator, moving between it and about i r° N.
The meteorological record for ten years ended 1905 shows a total of 120 typhoons, being an average of 12 annually.
Three years later he was appointed an assistant in the meteorological department of the Radcliffe observatory, Oxford, and in 1855 he obtained a chemical post at Chester.
Further educational facilities are provided by a national library with about 50,000 volumes, a national museum, with a valuable historical collection, the Cajigal Observatory, devoted to astronomical and meteorological work, and the Venezuelan Academy and National Academy of History - the first devoted to the national language and literature, and the second to its history.
By 1904 more than 6800 of these meteorological logs with 7,000,000 observations had been accumulated by the Meteorological Office in London; 20,000 with io,600,000 observations by the German Marine Observatory at Hamburg; 4700 with 3,300,000 observations by the Central Institute of the Netherlands at de Bilt near Utrecht.
Pilot Charts of the North Atlantic and North Pacific are issued monthly by the U.S. Hydrographic Office, and of the North Atlantic and of the Indian Ocean and Red Sea by the British Meteorological Office, giving a conspectus of the normal conditions of weather and sea.
Close by, on the north-east, is the village of De Bilt, the seat of the Dutch Meteorological Institute.
It contains the executive offices of the government and those of five cabinet ministers (interior, foreign affairs, treasury, war and justice), the senate chamber, the general archives, national museum, observatory and meteorological bureau.
It has a technical railway school and a meteorological observatory, stands on the small river Lugan, 10 m.
When he was beginning his first lecture at Pisa he opened the meteorological treatises of Aristotle.
The climate is harsh and wet, the average yearly temperature at the Gorki meteorological observatory being 40 0.4 F.
The whole country is divided into districts for meteorological purposes, and storm-warnings are issued when necessary.
Important current and temperature charts of the ocean and occasional memoirs are published for the Admiralty by the Meteorological Office in London, by the U.S. Hydrographic Office in Washington, the Deutsche Seewarte in Hamburg, and also at intervals by the French, Russian, Dutch and Scandinavian admiralties.
On the summit is a meteorological station.
11 Astronomical inquiries in connexion with optics, meteorological phenomena, and, in a word, the whole field of natural laws, excited his desire to explain them.
The causes of difference of salinity are mainly meteorological.
Their appellations are purely meteorological.
His careful and detailed maps, lake soundings, hydrographic, geological, meteorological and other investigations gave him the highest rank among modern explorers.
It has a military school, a first-class meteorological station and a botanical garden.
During his residence in Kendal, Dalton had contributed solutions of problems and questions on various subjects to the Gentlemen's and Ladies' Diaries, and in 1787 he began to keep a meteorological diary in which during the succeeding fifty-seven VII.
His first separate publication was Meteorological Observations and Essays (1793), which contained the germs of several of his later discoveries; but in spite of the originality of its matter, the book met with only a limited sale.
In May 1844 he had another stroke; on the 26th of July he recorded with trembling hand his last meteorological observation, and on the 27th he fell from his bed and was found lifeless by his attendant.
The occurrence of favourable meteorological conditions during several successive seasons may and does increase the extent of the snow-fields, and lower the limit of seemingly permanent snow; while an opposite state of things may cause the limit to rise higher on the flanks of the mountains.
Of the numerous institutions for the encouragement of the sciences and the fine arts, the following are strictly national - the Royal Academy of Sciences (1855), the Royal Netherlands Meteorological Institute (1854), the National Academy of the Plastic Arts, the Royal School of Music, the National Archives, besides various other national collections and museums. Provincial scientific societies exist at Middelburg, Utrecht, 's Hertogenbosch and Leeuwarden, and there are private and municipal associations, institutions and collections in a large number of the smaller towns.
Since 1859 the town has been the seat of an important meteorological station.
The Philippine government also maintains here a bureau of science which publishes the monthly Philippine Journal of Science, and co-operates with the Jesuits in maintaining, in Ermita, the Manila observatory (meteorological, seismological and astronomical), which is one of the best equipped institutions of the kind in the East.
He nevertheless found time to organize the meteorological service in France and to promote the present system of international weather-warnings.
It possesses depots for artillery and mines, a meteorological observatory and a signalling station.
Rubenson (14), from whom Tromholt derives his data for Sweden, seems to accept this view, assigning the apparent increase in auroral frequency since 1860 to the institution by the state of meteorological stations in 1859, and to the increased interest taken in the subject since 1865 by the university of Upsala.
The most striking meteorological factor in Egypt is the persistence of the north wind throughout the year, without which the climate would be very trying.
Annual meteorological reports are issued by the Public Works Department, Cairo.
Annual publication, and other publications of Statens Statistiske Bureau, Copenhagen; Annuaire meteorologique, Danish Meteorological Institution, Copenhagen; E.
By a skilful division of labour, and by the erection of numerous observing stations, the mapping out of the whole coast proceeded simultaneously under the eye of the general director, and in addition a vast mass of magnetic and meteorological observations was collected.
The wettest month, as indicated by meteorological observation, is January; February is second to it, and December third; March is also a very wet month.
Glaisher, Meteorological Observations at Jerusalem (1903).
Here, too, is a meteorological station.
He loved gardening, experimented enthusiastically in varieties and rotations of crops and kept meteorological tables with diligence.
The great peninsula of India, with its lofty mountain ranges behind and its extensive seaboard exposed to the first violence of the winds of two oceans, forms an exceptionally valuable and interesting field for the study of meteorological phenomena.
A meteorological peculiarity of some interest has been noticed, more especially at the stations of Sibsagar and Silchar, viz.
At Ajmer, an old meteorological station at the eastern foot of the range, the wind is predominantly south-west, and there and at Mount Abu the south-west monsoon rains are a regularly recurrent phenomenon, - which can hardly be said of the region of scanty and uncertain rainfall that extends from the western foot of the range and merges in the Bikaner desert.
30, after the shortest and most successful expedition which ever wintered in the Antarctic. The one object, the attainment of the Pole, had been accomplished quickly and easily and the meteorological observations were of great value in extending the conclusions of other investigators.
C. Simpson, whose meteorological work had been of unique value, having gone back to his duties in India.
Besides being one of the sights of Paris, to which visitors resort in order to enjoy the extensive view that can be had from its higher galleries on a clear day, the tower is used to some extent for scientific and semi-scientific purposes; thus meteorological observations are carried on.
At any rate it may be said that generally speaking the maximum, minimum and mean temperatures of points of approximately equal altitude are respectively but slightly different in northern or southern California.2 Death Valley surpasses for combined heat and aridity any meteorological stations on earth where regular observations are taken, although for extremes of heat it is exceeded by places in the Colorado desert.
and N.W.) prevail at all the meteorological stations, not the comparatively dry south-east wind.
or Flager Bay in Ellesmere Land, winter quarters were established at Etah, where a meteorological station was maintained throughout the duration of the expedition.
Baldwin Latham made an elaborate examination of the meteorological conditions, and more particularly of the vapour tension, from which he draws the conclusion that the seasonal variations are due to exhalation from the ground.
On the opposite side of the Potomac, in Virginia, and adjoining Fort Myer, a military post (named in honour of General Albert James Myer (1827-1880), who introduced in 1870 a system of meteorological observations at army posts) with reservation of 186 acres, is Arlington, a National Cemetery (of 408.33 acres), in which lie buried 21,106 soldiers killed in the Civil War and in the war with Spain; among the distinguished officers buried here are General Philip Henry Sheridan, Admiral David Dixon Porter, General Joseph Wheeler and General Henry W.
Pachuca has some fine modern edifices, among which are the palace of justice, a scientific and literary institute, a school of mines and metallurgy, founded in 1877, a meteorological observatory and a public library.
His "Account of the Meteorological Apparatus used at the Royal Society's House" (Phil.
ACCLIMATIZATION, the process of adaptation by which animals and plants are gradually rendered capable of surviving and flourishing in countries remote from their original habitats, or under meteorological conditions different from those which they have usually to endure, and at first injurious to them.
Plants differ greatly from animals in the closeness of their adaptation to meteorological conditions.
The Natural History Museum, the observatory and meteorological office, and the botanical gardens are under the supervision of the royal academy of sciences.
For the later years of his life his labours may be summed up under the following heads: (1) On the conservation of energy; (2) on hydro-dynamics; (3) on electro-dynamics and theories of electricity; (4) on meteorological physics; (5) on optics; and (6) on the abstract principles of dynamics.
These meteorological conditions are still more accentuated at Ancud, at the north end of the island of Chiloe, in 41° 46' S., where the mean annual temperature is 50 7° and the annual rainfall 134 in.
This accounts for the surprising meteorological data obtained from Punta Arenas, in 53° 10' S., where the mean annual temperature is 43-2° and the annual rainfall only 22.5 in.
Symonss Monthly Meteorological Mag.
Amongst its numerous auxiliaries may be mentioned the library, with 200,000 volumes, the observatory, the meteorological institute, the botanical garden, seminaries of theology, philology and education, and well equipped clinical, anatomical and physical institutes.
(London, 1855); Arago's Autobiography, translated by the Rev. Baden Powell (London, 1855, 1858); Arago's Meteorological Essays, with introduction by Humboldt, translated under the superintendence of Colonel Sabine (London, 1855), and Arago's Biographies of Scientific Men, translated by Smyth, Powell and Grant, 8vo (London, 1857).
For the most part he lived in England and Holland, devoting himself to the study of physics and making a living, apparently, by the manufacture of meteorological instruments.
The meteorological station on the Serra da Estrella, with a mean annual temperature of 44.7° F., is the coldest spot in Portugal in which systematic observations are taken.
Other features of these parks are a small botanical garden in Cwmdonkin, a good collection of waterfowl in Brynmill, and a small aviary of the rarer British birds in Victoria Park, which also has a meteorological station in connexion with the meteorological office, and a statue of Mr William Thomas of Lan erected in 1905 in appreciation of the work done by him in preserving and obtaining "open spaces" for Swansea.
Galton was a member of the meteorological committee (1868), and of the Meteorological Council which succeeded it, for over thirty years.
It is one of the meteorological stations established by the British government on the recommendation of the Royal Society in 1840 and is now maintained by the Dominion government.
For the purpose of forecasting the weather, the meteorological office divides England into six districts, which are known as England N.E., Midland Counties, England East, London and Channel, England N.W.
Buchan, " The Mean Atmospheric Temperature and Pressure of the British Islands " (with maps), Journal of the Scottish Meteorological Society, vol.
Meteorological optical phenomena, due to variations in the refractive index of the atmosphere, may be divided into groups: (I) those due to the permanent or normal variation experienced as one ascends in the atmosphere, and (2) those due to sporadic variations occasioned by irregular heating.
Staten Island to the east of Tierra del Fuego has been settled by the Argentine government; there are a prison and lighthouse at St John Harbour, and a first-class permanent meteorological and magnetic station.
At Ushuaia ten years' meteorological observations2 have shown a mean annual temperature of 42.84° F., with a winter mean of 34.7° and a summer mean of 50.18°.
Attending the International Meteorological Congress of August 1873 at Vienna, he fell ill of cholera, and died a few hours after his arrival at Arcetri, on the 10th of September 1873.
Symons, F.R.S., of the Meteorological Office and of the Royal Meteorological Society, has resulted in the establishment of a vast number of raingauges in different parts of the United Kingdom, and it is generally, though not always, found that the mean rainfall over a long period can be determined, for an area upon which the actual fall is known only for a short period, by assigning to the missing years of the shortperiod gauges, rainfalls bearing the same proportion to those of corresponding years in the long-period gauges that the rainfalls of the known years in the short-period gauges bear to those of corresponding years in the long-period gauges.
He carefully kept thermometric and meteorological statistics.; he imported silkworms and books on silk culture; he corresponded with many litteratinotably with Dr Nathaniel Lardner and with Sir William Jones, of whom he besought information of all kinds, but especially any that would lead to the discovery of the whereabouts of the ten lost tribes; and he undertook the study of Hebrew at the age of forty and became an able scholar.
There is, however, a distinctly marked annual rise and fall due to meteorological influences having a mean range of about 11.4 cm.
Besides several churches and a synagogue, there are a town hall (1836), a hospital, an orphan asylum, the "palace" of the board of marine, a meteorological observatory, a zoological station and a lighthouse.
A primary school, supported by the native chiefs, was opened in 1901, and a meteorological station was established in 1902.
The principal buildings are a fine Gothic church and an old Augustinian monastery, which has been converted into a school and meteorological station.
The meteorological conditions vary greatly, however, in different parts of the island.
Magnetic, meteorological, and spectroscopic departments were added to the establishment; electricity was employed, through the medium of the chronograph, for the registration of transits; and photography was.
Devoid of air and atmosphere, the causes of meteorological phenomena on the earth are non-existent on the moon.
Spencer's argument is that, given a story about real people so named, in process of time and forgetfulness the anecdote which was once current about a man named Storm and a woman named Sunshine will be transferred to the meteorological phenomena of sun and tempest.
The climate of the higher grounds is healthy, and meteorological observation does not justify the reputation for cold and damp often given to the county as a whole.
It has also a meteorological observatory, established in 1841, a mining school and a museum with a rich collection of mineral and zoological specimens.
But owing to meteorological causes the motion in question is subject to annual changes.
Meteorology.-It has always been held to be important to maintain a meteorological station on the Nicobars, for the purpose of supplementing the information obtained from the Andamans regarding cyclones in the Bay of Bengal.
From the earliest times the star-groups known as constellations, the smaller groups (parts of constellations) known as asterisms, and also individual stars, have received names connoting some meteorological phenomena, or symbolizing religious or mythological beliefs.
Maury attempted to organize co-operative meteorological work on land, but the government did not at this time take any steps in this direction.
A boardwalk leads from a small meteorological station to the hilltop observatories of the royal albatross.
That way, meteorologists could watch conditions as they develop in the main amphitheaters of meteorological action, and plot their charts accordingly.
The movie's aliens were able to induce meteorological convulsions on Earth to warn everyone of their power.
The swells were not caused by a cyclone or and were not part of a tsunami, the French meteorological service reported Tuesday.
You will be working in a modern weather office, using the very latest hi-tech meteorological data feeds.
Interest in meteorology His meteorological observations began in earnest in 1820 when he developed a new device, the dew-point hygrometer.
meteorological observatory, with its Stevenson Screen, is atop a small rise.
meteorological observations had commenced in 1833.
meteorological instrumentation worldwide.
meteorological radar, on the other hand, it is the cloud formations which produce the wanted echoes.
meteorological research balloons.
Phil Anderson, interests are mainly meteorological, but includes work on interactions between the atmospheric boundary layer and the snow surface.
A publication containing astronomical and meteorological data for a given year and often including a miscellany of other information.
The Commissioners then turned their attention to meteorological observations conducted in the United Kingdom.
The meteorological observatory, with its Stevenson Screen, is atop a small rise.
The weather is raw and boisterous in winter, shifty and ungenial in summer, and a downright meteorological purgatory in the spring.
The Rothamsted moth trap is operated from within the Meteorological enclosure.
206 A, p. 2 99; (13) Annual volumes, Greenwich Magnetical and Meteorological Observations; (14) M.Z., vol.
Luiz; (17) Annual Reports, Central Meteorological Observatory of Japan; (18) Observations made at the Mag.
above tide-level), great fires were kindled at the news of the repeal of the Stamp Act, of the adoption of the Declaration of Independence, and of the surrenders of Burgoyne and Cornwallis; beacon fires were burned during the American War of Independence; an "observatory" for tourists was built at an early date; and in 1885 the Blue Hill Observatory for meteorological investigation was established by Abbott Lawrence Rotch (b.
In the intermediate belt between the two high-pressure areas the meteorological equator remains permanently north of the geographical equator, moving between it and about i rÃ‚° N.
geometrical optics, physical optics, meteorological optics, &c. Greek terminology included two adjectival forms - ra 01rTixfi, for all optical phenomena, including vision and the nature of light, and I) &rTLiO (sc. OEcopfa), for the objective study of light, i.e.
The two meteorological events of the decade which will probably live longest in the recollection were, however, the terrible drought of 1893, resulting in a fodder famine in the succeeding winter, and the severe frost of ten weeks' duration at the beginning of 1895.
Except for Jerusalem, we have hardly any accurate meteorological observations; there the mean annual temperature is about 63Ã‚° F.; in Beirut it is about 68Ã‚°.
Their variety is considerable, for they are designed to illustrate physical and political geography, travel and navigation, trade and commerce, and, in fact, every subject connected with geographical distribution and capable of being illustrated by means of a map. We thus have (1) physical maps in great variety, including geological, orographical and hydrographical maps, maps illustrative of the geographical distribution of meteorological phenomena, of plants and animals, such as are to be found in Berghaus's " Physical Atlas," of which an enlarged English edition is published by J.
At the polar meteorological station of Sagastyr, in the delta of the Lena (73Ã‚° 23' N.), the following average temperatures have been observed: January - 34.3Ã‚° F.
The following table gives the mean temperature, relative humidity, and rainfall (including snow) at a series of meteorological stations during the years 1896-1900: Fauna.-The horned cattle of Hungary are amongst the finest in Europe, and large herds of swine are reared in the oak forests.
Though we may recognize in this poetical imagery the survival of ancient and, if we please, mythical notions, we should err if we inferred that Yahweh was originally a departmental god, presiding specifically over meteorological phenomena, and that this conception of him persisted among the Israelites till very late times.
In a few weeks the cold had grown so intense that even the freezing of an arm of the sea with so rapid a current as the Little Belt became a conceivable possibility; and henceforth meteorological observations formed an essential part of the strategy of the Swedes.
Distortion of the ocean surface may also arise from meteorological causes, and be periodic or unperiodic in its occurrence, but it does not amount to more than a few feet at the utmost.
Periodic variations of level due to meteorological causes account for the Baltic being fuller in the time of the summer rains than in winter, when the rivers and lakes are frozen and most of the precipitation on the land is in the form of snow.
The average volume composition of the gases of the atmosphere may be represented (in parts per 10,000) as follows: In addition to these gases, there are always present in the atmosphere many micro-organisms or bacteria (see Bacteriology); another invariable constituent is dust, which plays an important part in meteorological phenomena.
(See Diffraction Of Light.) Other meteorological phenomena caused by the diffraction of light include the anthelia, and the chromatic rings seen encircling shadows thrown on a bank of clouds, mist or fog.
(Leipzig, 1888); Meteorological Charts of the Red Sea (Meteorological Office, 1895); Report of the Voyage of the Russian Corvette "Vitiaz" (1889); "Berichte der Commission fiir oceanographische Forschungen," 6th series, 1898 in vol.
These meteorological conditions are still more accentuated at Ancud, at the north end of the island of Chiloe, in 41Ã‚° 46' S., where the mean annual temperature is 50 7Ã‚° and the annual rainfall 134 in.
This accounts for the surprising meteorological data obtained from Punta Arenas, in 53Ã‚° 10' S., where the mean annual temperature is 43-2Ã‚° and the annual rainfall only 22.5 in.
The meteorological station on the Serra da Estrella, with a mean annual temperature of 44.7Ã‚° F., is the coldest spot in Portugal in which systematic observations are taken.
He was the first to apply the telegraph to meteorological research, to have the atmospheric conditions daily indicated on a large map, to utilize the generalizations made in weather forecasts, and to embrace a continent under a single system - British America and Mexico being included in the field of observation.
At Ushuaia ten years' meteorological observations2 have shown a mean annual temperature of 42.84Ã‚° F., with a winter mean of 34.7Ã‚° and a summer mean of 50.18Ã‚°.
In none of these instances does a meteorological or astronomical explanation suffice to explain the sightings.
These are mobile Doppler radar units that provide precise storm tracks and meteorological information so that the storm chasers can predict outbreaks and determine where they can enter storms safely.
Joshua Wurman - Wurman is the head of the team and is well known in meteorological circles.
A well-appointed meteorological station has been established at Port Blair since 1868.
While steam has been said to make a ship independent of wind and tide, it is still true that a long voyage even by steam must be planned so as to encounter the least resistance possible from prevailing winds and permanent currents, and this involves the application of oceanographical and meteorological knowledge.
place, it appears so if the space occupied by Russia be taken into account, only 3300 species of phanerogams and ferns 2 Bibliography of Meteorology: Memoirs of the Central Physical Observatory; Repertorium fiir Meteorologie and Meteorological Sbornik, published by the same body; Veselovsky, Climate of Russia (Russian); H.
Here his abilities were speedily recognized, and in 1823 he was appointed meteorological observer to the Academy of Sciences.
Among institutions there are a specially fine public library, museums of geology and natural history and antiquities, mining and science schools, the West Cornwall Infirmary and a meteorological station.
In biological chemistry he worked at the problems of animal heat and at the phenomena accompanying the growth of plants, and he also devoted much time to meteorological questions and observations.
Given, then, that the variations in tide-generating force are big enough, the periods when the maxima occur will be critical with regard to oceanographical and meteorological phenomena.
Amongst the public buildings are the Belford hospital, public hall, court house and the low-level meteorological observatory, constructed in 1891, which was in connexion with the observatory on the top of Ben Nevis, until the latter was closed in 1904.
In the Arctic province the overpowering influence of meteorological phenomena manifested itself both in the doctrine of shades and in their shamanistic practices.
Meteorological phenomena seated more directly in the atmosphere obtained early recognition; thus Hesiod, in his Works and Days, speculated on the origin of winds, ascribing them to the heating effects of the sun on the air.
The German South Polar expedition in 1901-1902 established a meteorological and magnetic station at Royal Sound, under Dr Enzensperger, who died there.
He definitely established the absorptive power of clear aqueous vapour - a point of great meteorological significance.
In the circular form it constitutes a natural and even primitive use of the idea of a crown, modified by an equally simple idea of the emanation of light from the head of a superior being, or by the meteorological phenomenon of a halo.
Meteorological statistics are collected at Auckland, Wellington, Christchurch, and Dunedin and eight other stations; and observations of rainfall, temperature, and wind-directions are received from eighteen stations of the second class.
He organised extensive magnetical and meteorological observations, and in 1839 he started regular observations of the periodical phenomena of vegetation, especially the flowering of plants.
From one point of view they shadow out the great epic of the destinies of the human race; again, the universal solar myth claims a share in them; hoary traditions were brought into ex post facto connexion with them; or they served to commemorate simple meteorological and astronomical facts.
a close analogy with the Mexican calendar sign Cipactli, a kind of marine monster resembling a narwhal s Aquarius is a still more exclusively meteorological sign than Leo.
A set of twenty-eight rhymes associated their heliacal risings with the changes of season and the vicissitudes of nomad life; their settings were of meteorological and astrological import; 3 in the Koran (x.
Between the passes is the ridge of Sonnblick, where a meteorological observatory was established in 1886 at an altitude of 10,170 ft.
Mention must be made of the National Library in Mexico City with about 225,000 volumes, and 138 public libraries (in 1904) in other parts of the republic, 34 museums for scientific, educational and art purposes, and I I meteorological observatories.
He devised the "A, B, C" telegraph instrument, the automatic transmitter, by which messages may be sent at the rate of 500 words a minute, printing telegraph receivers of various forms, electrical chronoscopes, and many forms of electrical recording apparatus, - amongst others two sets of registering meteorological instruments, of which the earlier, described in 1842, was afterwards developed by Father A.
Turner; Reports of the New York Geological Survey from 1842 to 1854 (Albany); Reports of the Topographical Survey of the Adirondack Region of New York (Albany, 18731880); Reports of the New York Meteorological Bureau (1889 sqq.); and publications of the United States Weather Bureau.
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