Mental-retardation Sentence Examples
Then McBride said his research showed that Debendox was also responsible for causing mental retardation.
At the same time the employers and fellow employees become sensitized to individuals with mild to moderate mental retardation.
Subsequently, five further families have been identified, some of which also include individuals with X-linked mental retardation without infantile spasms 48-52.
Other research areas include dyslexia and dynamic assessment in persons with severe mental retardation.
For pupils with mental retardation there are nearly no changes.Advertisement
Affected children have marked developmental and motor delays in the form of cerebral palsy and mental retardation may also be present.
Surviving infants with CMV may suffer from hearing problems (15%) or mental retardation (30%).
Severe infections lead to seizure disorders, neurological disorders, abnormal muscle tone, deafness, partial or complete blindness caused by a condition called chorioretinitis, and mental retardation.
Afflicted children die in infancy or suffer damage to their central nervous systems that can result in physical and mental retardation.
According to statistics made available by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in the 1990s, mental retardation occurs in 2.5 to 3 percent of the general population.Advertisement
A diagnosis of mental retardation is made if an individual has an intellectual functioning level well below average and significant limitations in two or more adaptive skill areas.
Symptoms of mental retardation may appear at birth or later in childhood.
Some cases of mild mental retardation are not diagnosed before the child enters preschool.
The American Association on Mental Retardation (AAMR) has developed another widely accepted diagnostic classification system for mental retardation.
For children, the mental retardation rate is 11.4 per 1,000 and varies approximately nine fold, ranging from 3.2 in New Jersey to 31.4 in Alabama.Advertisement
Low educational attainment was the most important correlate of mental retardation rates among adults.
Low IQ scores and limitations in adaptive skills are the hallmarks of mental retardation.
In about 35 percent of cases, the cause of mental retardation cannot be found.
Biological and environmental factors that can cause mental retardation include genetics, prenatal illnesses and issues, childhood illnesses and injuries, and environmental factors.
About 5 percent of mental retardation is caused by hereditary factors.Advertisement
Fragile X, a defect in the chromosome that determines sex, is the most common inherited cause of mental retardation.
Single gene defects such as phenylketonuria (PKU) and other inborn errors of metabolism may also cause mental retardation if they are not found and treated early.
It is the most common genetic cause of mental retardation.
Drug abuse and cigarette smoking during pregnancy have also been linked to mental retardation.
Maternal infections and illnesses such as glandular disorders, rubella, toxoplasmosis, and cytomegalovirus infection may cause mental retardation.Advertisement
When the mother has high blood pressure (hypertension) or blood poisoning (toxemia), the flow of oxygen to the fetus may be reduced, causing brain damage and mental retardation.
Birth defects that cause physical deformities of the head, brain, and central nervous system frequently cause mental retardation.
Hyperthyroidism, whooping cough, chickenpox, measles, and Hib disease (a bacterial infection) may cause mental retardation if they are not treated adequately.
An infection of the membrane covering the brain (meningitis) or an inflammation of the brain itself (encephalitis) cause swelling that in turn may cause brain damage and mental retardation.
Traumatic brain injury caused by a blow or a violent shake to the head may also cause brain damage and mental retardation in children.
Exposure to lead can also cause mental retardation.
If mental retardation is suspected, a comprehensive physical examination and medical history should be done immediately to discover any organic cause of symptoms.
The symptoms of mental retardation are usually evident by a child's first or second year.
However, as of 2004, there is no cure for mental retardation.
A promising but controversial treatment for mental retardation involves stem cell research.
In the early 2000s scientists are exploring the potential of adult stem cells in treating mental retardation.
They have transplanted bone marrow cells into living embryos in the uteri of animals to approach congenital diseases, birth defects, and mental retardation.
Individuals with mild to moderate mental retardation are frequently able to achieve some self-sufficiency and to lead happy and fulfilling lives.
Immunization against diseases such as measles and Hib prevents many of the illnesses that can cause mental retardation.
The sooner the diagnosis of mental retardation is made, the more the child can be helped.
Children with Down syndrome have varying degrees of mental retardation and may have heart defects.
Inborn errors of metabolism can cause brain damage and mental retardation if left untreated.
As a result, phenylalanine builds up in the body causing mental retardation and other neurological problems.
Early symptoms include loss of vision and physical coordination, seizures, and mental retardation.
Children with A-T usually have normal or above normal intelligence, but some cases of mental retardation have been reported.
Canavan disease-A serious genetic disease more common in the Eastern European Jewish population that causes mental retardation and early death.
Long-term problems following recovery from measles encephalitis may include seizures and mental retardation.
In addition to retarding growth, it can cause mental retardation if thyroid hormones are not administered in the first months of an infant's life.
A form of severe malnutrition called marasmus retards growth in all parts of the body, including the head (causing mental retardation as well).
Specific language impairment describes a condition of markedly delayed language development in the absence of any apparent handicapping conditions such as deafness, autism, or mental retardation.
The severe form of MPS II is associated with progressive mental retardation and physical disability, with most individuals dying before age 15.
Many children with MPS III develop seizures, sleeplessness, thicker skin, joint contractures, enlarged tongues, cardiomyopathy, behavior problems, and mental retardation.
In childhood, blood lead levels above 80 mg/dL generally indicate lead poisoning; however, significantly lower levels ( 30 mg/dL) can cause mental retardation and other cognitive and behavioral problems in affected children.
Although most individuals with spina bifida have normal intellectual function, learning disabilities or mental retardation occur in a minority.
The most common birth defects resulting from congenital rubella infection are eye defects such as cataracts, glaucoma, and blindness; deafness; congenital heart defects; and mental retardation.
Learning disabilities or mental retardation may be diagnosed during this time.
Traditionally, IQ scores of 90-109 are considered average; scores below 70 indicate mental retardation.
According to the U.S. Department of Education, about 11 percent of school-aged children were enrolled in special education programs for students with mental retardation.
It is the most common form of inherited mental retardation.
There is no cure for autism or mental retardation.
Zinc deficiency has been associated with reduced growth and mental retardation.
Less than 1 percent of the non-autistic population, including those with mental retardation and other developmental disorders, have savant syndrome.
Language delay is usually more severe than other developmental delays in retarded children, and it is often the first noticeable symptom of mental retardation.
In general the severity of language delay depends on the severity of the mental retardation.
Generalized delay in all developmental milestones suggests mental retardation.
Fragile X syndrome, a genetic condition involving changes in the long arm of the X chromosome, is the most common form of inherited mental retardation.
Generally, males are affected with moderate mental retardation (since they only have one X chromosome) and females with mild mental retardation.
Fragile X syndrome is the most common form of inherited mental retardation in the United States.
Females who inherit the full mutation have an approximately 30-50 percent risk of mental impairment, ranging from mild learning disability to mental retardation and behavioral problems.
The severity of mental impairment ranges from learning disabilities to severe mental retardation.
In females who carry a full mutation, the physical and behavioral features and mental retardation tend to be less severe.
Behavioral and developmental problems may indicate fragile X syndrome, particularly if there is a family history of mental retardation.
Hemoglobin H symptoms can also be a part of a unique condition called alpha thalassemia mental retardation syndrome.
Children who survive infancy have profound mental retardation and may experience seizures.
Autistic disorder, also referred to as autism, is characterized by moderate to severe communication, socialization, and behavioral problems, and in some children, mental retardation.
Congenital myotonic dystrophy is marked by severe weakness, poor sucking and swallowing responses, respiratory difficulty, delayed motor development, and mental retardation.
Individuals with mental retardation who function at or below an approximate cognitive level of 18 months may also be exempt from this diagnosis.
A subtype, called Fukuyama CMD, also involves mental retardation.
In contrast, children with Fukuyama CMD are rarely able to walk and have severe mental retardation.
Untreated PKU patients develop a broad range of symptoms related to severely impaired cognitive function, sometimes referred to as mental retardation.
In the early 1950s, researchers first demonstrated that phenylalanine-restricted diets could eliminate most of the typical PKU symptoms-except for mental retardation.
It causes major physical abnormalities and severe mental retardation.
Treatment within the first few months of life can prevent mental retardation and physical abnormalities.
Cretinism-Severe hypothyroidism that is present at birth and characterized by severe mental retardation.
The Son-Rise program was created by Barry and Samahria Lyte Kaufman in the 1970s, as a means to teach their own son, who was diagnosed with autism and mental retardation.
The most common congenital defects are cataracts, heart disease, deafness, and mental retardation.
Down syndrome is a condition that includes mental retardation and a distinctive physical appearance linked to an abnormality of chromosome 21 (called trisomy 21).
Unfortunately, about 20 percent later develop severe hearing impairments and mental retardation.
They also have unusual facial features, poor muscle tone (hypotonia), small head size (microcephaly), and mental retardation.
Infants with cri du chat may also have congenital heart defects, language difficulties, delayed motor skill development, scoliosis, and varying degrees of mental retardation.
Mental retardation is present in all children with cri du chat, but the degree of mental retardation varies between children.
The extent of mental retardation and other symptoms depends on the site of the chromosomal deletions, with larger deletions resulting in more serious symptoms.
Before routine vaccination, Hib was the most common cause of bacterial meningitis and responsible for most of the cases of acquired mental retardation in the United States.
Untreated Menkes' disease is associated with mental retardation and death before three years of age.
Iodine deficiency during pregnancy can result in cretinism in newborns, involving mental retardation and a large tongue.
The body's immune system is often weakened, behavioral development is slow, and mental retardation may occur.
Some children recover completely, while others may have a variety of lifelong impairments, including an inability to properly absorb nutrients in the intestines, as well as mental retardation.
Children with a diagnosis of mental retardation often have mixed or global development delays.
Children with a specific learning disability, like children with severe mental retardation or autism, may present with dissociation in developmental skills.
Continued feeding of milk products to the infant will lead to cirrhosis, cataracts, kidney failure, and mental retardation.
Isotretinoin can cause serious birth defects, including mental retardation and physical deformities.
Babies who survive pregnancy may develop kernicterus, which can lead to deafness, speech problems, cerebral palsy, or mental retardation.
Down syndrome is the most common cause of mental retardation and malformation in a newborn.
The level of mental retardation is considered to be mild-to-moderate in Down syndrome.
Over the long term, lead poisoning in a child can lead to learning disabilities, behavioral problems, and even mental retardation.
Toxoplasma can cause birth defects including blindness, hearing loss, and mental retardation.
Other neurological problems can include seizures, hyperactivity, and mental retardation.
Only a small percent of these children are affected by a disability like autism or mental retardation.
Congress reported that in cases where African-American children are a minority, a higher percentage of African-American children are identified with mental retardation and emotional disturbance than white students.
Individuals with high functioning autism or Asperger syndrome usually are of average or above average intelligence, whereas other forms of autism can include mental retardation.
Cognitive effects in females with Fragile X tend to be less severe, with only about one third having an IQ score that indicates mental retardation.
Men with a history of mental retardation in their family may be more likely to display the gene.
Estimates in the percentage of people with autism meet the criteria for mental retardation range from 25 to 70 percent; while others show little or no problems with cognitive functioning.
Just as drinking alcohol during pregnancy can result in mental retardation and physical delays, other substances may result in changes to the amygdala and temporal lobe.
Teaching adolescents with mild mental retardation to make decisions in leisure through the use of self-control techniques.