Soc. xx.; Haacke, Schopfung des Menschen; Mitchell, " Valuation of Zoological Characters," Trans.
Physiologie des Menschen (Wiesbaden, 1896); Ludwig, Lehrbuch der Physiol.
Among his later books may be mentioned Antiquarische Briefe (1851), Historisch-politische Briefe fiber die geselligen Verhdltnisse der Menschen (1860), Lebenserinnerungen und Briefwechsel (i 861) and Handbuch zur Geschichte der Literatur (1864-66).
His essays, collected under the title Zeiten, Volker and Menschen (Berlin, 1874-1885), show clear discernment, a finely balanced cosmopolitan judgment and grace of style.
The most remarkable of the works from this period are - (I) the Bestimmung des Menschen (Vocation of Man, 1800), a book which, for beauty of style, richness of content, and elevation of thought, may be ranked with the Meditations of Descartes; (2) Der geschlossene Handelsstaat, 1800 (The Exclusive or Isolated Commercial State), a very remarkable treatise, intensely socialist in tone, and inculcating organized protection; (3) Sonnenklarer Bericht an das grossere Publicum iiber die neueste Philosophie, 1801.
As early as 1797 Fichte had begun to see that the ultimate basis of his system was the absolute ego, in which is no difference of subject and object; in 1800 the Bestimmung des Menschen defined this absolute ego as the infinite moral will of the universe, God, in whom are all the individual egos, from whom they have sprung.
Creighton and Titchener, 1896), Lehrbuch der Physiologie des Menschen (1865; 4th ed., 1878), and Grundziige der physiologischen Psychologie (1874; 6th ed., 3 vols., 1908).
Zuntz and others, Hohenklima and Bergwanderungen in ihrer Wirkungen auf den Menschen (1906); G.
Hoernes, Urgeschichte des Menschen (1892), and Der diluviale Mensch in Europa (1903); M.
His first treatise was Die Naturgeschichte des Menschen (in 2 vols., Kempten, 1831).
Whether inorganic salts are directly absorbed has been a matter of much discussion; it has, however, been directly proved by the experiments of Kunkel (Archiv fiir die gesamte Physiologie des Menschen and der Tiere, lxi.) and Gaule.
The appearance of his Handbuch der Physiologie des Menschen between 1833 and 1840 (translated into English by Dr William Baly, and published in London in 1842) marked the beginning of a new period in the study of physiology.
Among his other works are Spinozas neu entdeckter Traktat von Gott, dem Menschen and dessen Gliickseligkeit (1866); Kleine Schriften (1881); Vorfragen der Ethik (1886).
Leuckart, Die Parasiten des Menschen (1889- 1894), vol.
The great Swedish naturalist was possibly justified in treating the two latter creatures as quasihuman, for they seem to be grotesque exaggerations of such tailed and hairy human beings as really, though rarely, occur, and are apt to be exhibited as monstrosities (see Bastian and Hartmann, Zeitschrift fiir Ethnologie, Index, " Geschwanzte Menschen "; Gould and Pile, Anomalies and Curiosities of Medicine, 1897).
The so-called "father of nudism" was the German Heinrich Pudor (real name Heinrich Scham), who coined the term Nacktkultur ("naked culture") and whose book Nackende Menschen (Naked man ) was probably the first book on nudism.
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