Meningitis sentence example
If you suspect meningitis you must seek urgent medical assistance.
The origins, kinds and processes of meningitis are more clearly distinguished, and referred each to its proper cause - for the most part bacterial.
Hannah had to have both of her legs and arms amputated after developing blood poisoning having caught meningitis when she was three years old.
Someone with meningococcal disease (meningitis and/or blood poisoning) is likely to become very unwell.
The doctors didn't even know what was wrong with her, at first; it was later that they diagnosed meningitis.Advertisement
What causes meningitis Meningitis is usually caused by a bacteria or a virus.
Even children who survive meningitis, apparently without any complications, may develop learning difficulties.
Is there anything that could make someone more likely to catch meningitis?
There has been a recent outbreak of meningococcal meningitis.
About 80% of people who get pneumococcal meningitis recover 2, about half of them without serious problems.Advertisement
But without it, cryptococcal meningitis and oral thrush are the painful fates awaiting many people infected with HIV.
Bacterial meningitis is more common in children than in adults.
However, only very close household contacts of the patient are at an increased risk of contracting meningitis.
If the baby survives birth it may develop sepsis and meningitis.
Skull fracture Meningitis can be a serious complication following a skull fracture Meningitis can be a serious complication following a skull fracture.Advertisement
A young boy recovering in hospital from meningitis is affected by a neurological condition that gives him acute sensitivity to sounds and colors.
The risk for depth electrodes is approximately 1% per electrode; the incidence of meningitis is higher with subdural grids.
Danger signals associated with neck pain In some cases, neck pain may be a symptom of meningitis.
In mild cases of viral meningitis, people may not even go to their doctor.
In 1892, Susy, at age twenty-four, died from spinal meningitis in the family Nook farm home.Advertisement
This syndrome is called aseptic meningitis.
The term aseptic is used to differentiate this type of meningitis from those caused by bacteria.
Using a long, thin needle inserted into the lower back to withdraw spinal fluid (lumbar puncture) will reveal increased white blood cells and no bacteria (aseptic meningitis).
Nonparalytic poliomyelitis cannot be distinguished clinically from aseptic meningitis due to other agents.
When poliovirus causes only the minor illness or simple aseptic meningitis, the patient can be expected to recover completely.Advertisement
Physicians may administer tests to rule out conditions other than fever that could have caused the seizure, such as epilepsy, meningitis, or encephalitis.
In the case of children under 18 months of age, a lumbar puncture (spinal tap) may be recommended to rule out meningitis because symptoms are often lacking or subtle in children of that age.
A glucose level below 40 mg/dL is significant and occurs in bacterial and fungal meningitis and in malignancy.
High levels are seen in many conditions, including bacterial and fungal meningitis, tumors, subarachnoid hemorrhage, and traumatic tap.
The CSF lactate is used mainly to help differentiate bacterial and fungal meningitis, which cause increased lactate, from viral meningitis, which does not.Advertisement
This enzyme is elevated in bacterial and fungal meningitis, malignancy, and subarachnoid hemorrhage.
The Gram stain is performed on a sediment of the CSF and is positive in at least 60 percent of cases of bacterial meningitis.
Meningitis may be caused by bacteria introduced during the puncture.
From there, it can penetrate into the bloodstream to the central nervous system and cause meningitis or develop into a full-blown bloodstream infection (meningococcemia).
Children who have a neurological disorder or illness such as encephalitis or meningitis may suddenly show signs of cognitive impairment and adaptive difficulties.Advertisement
An infection of the membrane covering the brain (meningitis) or an inflammation of the brain itself (encephalitis) cause swelling that in turn may cause brain damage and mental retardation.
In that age group, it is the leading cause of bacterial meningitis, pneumonia, joint and bone infections, and throat inflammations.
A fever accompanied by the above symptoms can indicate the presence of a serious infection, such as meningitis, and should be brought to the immediate attention of a physician.
The child shows symptoms of meningitis or encephalitis.
This may occur for many reasons, including Chiari malformation, abnormal cysts within the brain, and infections such as meningitis.Advertisement
Secondary headaches may be the result of infection, meningitis, tumors, or localized head injury.
These symptoms could indicate meningitis.
Late apnea can also affect full-term babies and may be a sign of an underlying problem such as congenital heart disease, infection, anemia, meningitis, or seizures.
The most common complications are ear infection and diarrhea, although more serious complications can include pneumonia, meningitis, or encephalitis.
Finally, there are environmental causes following birth such as lead poisoning, anoxia, or meningitis.Advertisement
Serious infections that affect the brain directly, such as meningitis and encephalitis, may cause irreversible damage to the brain, leading to CP.
Meningitis is a serious inflammation of the meninges, the membranes (lining) that surround the brain and spinal cord.
Meningitis is usually the result of a viral or bacterial infection.
Bacterial meningitis is either monococcal or pneumococcal, depending on the type of bacteria responsible for the infection.
Meningitis caused by Haemophilus influenzae and related strains (A, B C, Y, and W135) is also called meningococcal meningitis.Advertisement
Similarly, meningitis due to Streptococcus pneumoniae is also called pneumococcal meningitis.
Most types of meningitis are contagious.
A person may be exposed to meningitis bacteria when someone with meningitis coughs or sneezes.
According to the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS), some 6,000 cases of pneumococcal meningitis are reported in the United States each year.
Meningococcal meningitis is common in minors ages two to 18.
The bacteria which cause bacterial meningitis live in the back of the nose and throat region and are carried by 10 to 25 percent of the population.
They cause meningitis when they get into the bloodstream and travel to the meninges.
At least 50 kinds of bacteria can cause bacterial meningitis.
As of 2004, Streptococcus pneumoniae and Neisseria meningitidis were the leading causes of bacterial meningitis.
The highest incidence of meningitis occurs in babies less than a month old, with an increased risk of meningitis continuing through about two years of age.
Most cases of viral meningitis are caused by enteroviruses (viruses that typically cause stomach flu).
Meningitis symptoms include high fever, headache, and stiff neck in children over the age of two years.
If any meningitis symptoms occur, the child should see a doctor immediately, as early diagnosis and treatment are very important for a successful outcome.
Viral meningitis often remains undiagnosed because its symptoms are similar to those of the common flu.
As for bacterial meningitis, the diagnosis is established by growing bacteria from a sample of spinal fluid.
The type of meningitis contracted will determine the specific antibiotic used.
The long-term outlook for children who develop bacterial meningitis varies significantly.
The complications of bacterial meningitis can be severe and include neurological problems such as hearing loss, visual impairment, seizures, and learning disabilities.
Many children as of 2004 routinely receive vaccines against meningitis, starting at about two months of age.
Vaccines are available for both meningococcal and pneumococcal meningitis.
There are also vaccines to prevent meningitis due to S. pneumoniae, which can also prevent other forms of infection due to S. pneumoniae.
Depending on the type of bacteria responsible for the infection, bacterial meningitis is either classified as monococcal or pneumococcal.
Some forms of bacterial meningitis are contagious.
Awareness of the symptoms and signs of meningitis, especially the rash which may accompany meningococcal meningitis is very important.
Examples are bacteremia and meningitis, especially severe in children with health conditions that increase their susceptibility to infection.
In 15 percent of cases, the covering of the brain and spinal cord becomes inflamed (meningitis).
Symptoms of meningitis usually develop within four or five days after the first signs of mumps.
Mumps meningitis is usually resolved within seven days, and damage to the brain is exceedingly rare.
A second study in Finland showed that the vaccine is also not associated with aseptic meningitis or encephalitis.
When the bacteria spread to the lungs and bloodstream, serious illness, including pneumonia and meningitis, can result.
Before the institution of routine infant vaccinations in the United States in the 1990s, Hib was the leading of bacterial meningitis among children younger than five years of age.
Such treatments are vaccine or immune globulin for hepatitis A, typhoid, meningitis, Japanese encephalitis, and rabies.
An inflammation of the brain's covering, or meninges, is called meningitis.
Children with cochlear implants have been found to be at an increased risk for bacterial meningitis.
The child has two or more deep-seated infections (meningitis, osteomyelitis, sepsis, or cellulitis).
The symptoms of food poisoning by Shigella organisms may resemble meningitis and a differential diagnosis must be made by isolating the causative bacteria.
Others develop pneumonia, diarrhea, dry or cracked lips, jaundice, or an inflammation of the membranes covering the brain and spinal cord (meningitis).
Haemophilus influenzae-An anaerobic bacteria associated with human respiratory infections, conjunctivitis, and meningitis.
Labyrinthitis is rare and is more likely to occur after middle ear infections, meningitis, or upper respiratory infection.
The meningococcal meningitis vaccine is given by injection (shots) to provide immunization against meningococcal disease and meningitis caused by the bacterium Neisseria meningitides.
Meningococcal disease, or meningococcemia, is a leading cause of meningitis in children, and then disease can also lead to infections of the blood.
Meningococcal meningitis is different from the meningitis in infants for which vaccination is routinely given.
Before the 1990s, Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) was the leading cause of bacterial meningitis.
It is effective against four of the five subtypes of meningococcal meningitis.
Children who get the meningitis vaccine may have mild side effects, such as tenderness, redness, or a painful lump on the skin at the injection site; symptoms usually last one to two days.
The meningitis vaccine, like any other injection, may in rare cases lead to a serious allergic reaction.
Moreover, the meningitis vaccine should not be given to individuals known to be sensitive to thimerosal (mercury derivative) or other ingredients of the vaccine.
Meningitis passes from person to person, mainly by coughing and sneezing.
It is the primary cause of childhood meningitis and the second most common cause of childhood pneumonia.
Before routine vaccination, Hib was the most common cause of bacterial meningitis and responsible for most of the cases of acquired mental retardation in the United States.
Meningitis caused by Hib is most common in children between nine months and four years of age.
Meningitis is usually treated for 10 to 14 days, but a seven-day course of treatment with ceftriaxone appears to be sufficient for infants and children.
Untreated hemophilus infections-particularly meningitis, sepsis, and epiglottitis-have a high mortality rate.
Learning difficulties may also be caused by such medical conditions as a traumatic brain injury or brain infections such as encephalitis or meningitis.
Haemophilus influenzae type B-An anaerobic bacteria associated with human respiratory infections, conjunctivitis, and meningitis.
A lumbar puncture (spinal tap) may be needed to rule out other possible causes, including meningitis or encephalitis.
Newborns who are exposed to GBS, however, can develop serious complications such as meningitis, pneumonia, blindness, deafness, and death is possible.
The third generation drugs, cefotaxime, ceftizoxime, ceftriaxone, and others, cross the blood-brain barrier and may be used to treat meningitis and encephalitis.
Children between the ages of six and 24 months are the most susceptible to meningitis; it is the chief cause of tuberculin death among children.
Babies with late-term disease typically have meningitis (inflammation of the brain and spinal tissues); yet they have a better chance of surviving than those with early-onset disease.
Meningitis occurs in about half of the cases of adult listeriosis.
Those with hydrocephalus at birth do better than those with later onset due to meningitis.
Ear infections, meningitis, and pneumonia are common in boys with WAS.
These organisms can produce such complications as septic arthritis, tenosynovitis, meningitis, and infections of the lymphatic system.
Such complications include meningitis, brain abscesses, pneumonia and lung abscesses, and heart infections, among others.
Malaria, Meningitis and Hepatitis A are also prevalent in Nigeria.
Preemies are more likely to contract pneumonia, sepsis, and meningitis.
This drug is often prescribed for tuberculosis, and it's also used against a type of bacteria that causes meningitis.
If the infection reaches the baby, it can cause meningitis.
Some extreme complications can occur with this common childhood disease, including Aseptic meningitis and encephalitis.
Meningitis has been described, as has epidural abscess.
For suspected meningitis the drug of choice is benzyl penicillin.. .
Several infections can result in symptoms similar to FMF (Mallaret meningitis, for instance), and many people with FMF undergo exploratory abdominal surgery and ineffective treatments before they are finally diagnosed.
Throat cultures can also be used to identify other disease organisms that are present in the patient's throat and to identify people who are carriers of organisms that cause meningitis and whooping cough, among other diseases.
Fortunately, the bacteria that cause meningitis are not as contagious as the common cold or the flu, and they are not spread by casual contact or by simply breathing the air where a person with meningitis has been.
Streptococci, meningococci, and Haemophilus influenzae, organisms that cause diseases such as otitis media, sinusitis, pneumonia, meningitis, osteomyelitis, septic arthritis, and sepsis, all make capsules.
The organism sometimes invades localized areas of tissue, producing meningitis, infectious arthritis, conjunctivitis, cellulitis, epiglottitis, or inflammation of the membrane surrounding the heart.
Because of the rarity of Reye's syndrome, it is often misdiagnosed as encephalitis, meningitis, diabetes, or poisoning, and the true incidence may be higher than the number of reported cases indicates.
Symptoms of listerial meningitis occur about four days after the flu-like symptoms and include fever, personality change, uncoordinated muscle movement, tremors, muscle contractions, seizures, and slipping in and out of consciousness.
However, to better serve policy holders, at risk policies also pay for additional types of health problems, including seizures, Parkinson’s or Alzheimer’s disease, maternity care, mental health issues, meningitis, and emphysema.
A baby will receive antibodies through her mom's milk, and breastfeeding your baby will lower her chances of contracting meningitis, diabetes, allergies, respiratory illnesses, obesity, and childhood cancers, such as leukemia.