Measurements sentence example

measurements
  • The measurements are doubtful, but the upward tendency is clear.
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  • With Sydney Young and others he investigated the critical state and properties of liquids and the relationship between their vapour pressures and temperature, and with John Shields he applied measurements of the surface tension of liquids to the determination of their molecular complexity.
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  • I need to take some measurements.
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  • We've been down to the old house, taking some measurements.
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  • These include the mutual distances of some of the stars in the Pleiades, a few observations of the apparent diameter of the sun, others of the distance of the moon from neighbouring stars, and a great number of measurements of the diameter of the moon.
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  • Others are relics of an earlier geological period, when land areas 1 Authorities differ in their methods and results of computation of these and other similar measurements.
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  • In this table measurements of price movements stated both absolutely and as percentages of price levels are given, because authorities have expressed doubts as to whether the former or the latter might be expected to remain constant, other things being equal, when price rose.
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  • The sole piece of evidence, from which probable conclusions may be drawn, is that three separate measurements of price fluctuations over some forty years reveal a growing unsteadiness of late, whether they be expressed absolutely or as percentages of price.
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  • The cranial measurements of the Malays and an examination of their hair sections seem to bear out the theory that they are distinct from the Mongolian races.
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  • The peristyle, if we compare the measurements of the stylobate with those of the drums built into the wall of the Acropolis, may be concluded to have consisted of six Doric columns at the ends and twelve at the sides.
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  • The researches of Julius Thomsen and others have shown that in many cases definite conclusions regarding constitution can be drawn from quantitative measurements of the heats of combustion; and in this article a summary of the chief results will be given.
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  • Since molecular refractions are independent of temperature and of the state of aggregation, it follows that molecular dispersions must be also independent of these conditions; and hence quantitative measurements should give an indication as to the chemical composition of substances.
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  • Measurements made on a topographical map yield the most satisfactory results.
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  • Space runners for facilitating these measurements, variously known as chartometers, curvimeters, opisometers, &c., have been devised in great variety.
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  • An interesting question arises as to the accuracy of the different measurements given by Pliny.
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  • The heading "Measurement of Dynamical Quantities" includes the topics units, measurements, and the constant of gravitation.
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  • Van Hoff pointed out that measurements of osmotic pressure confirmed this value in the case of dilute solutions of cane sugar.
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  • It should be pointed out that no measurements on osmotic pressures or freezing points can do more than tell us that an excess of particles is present; such experiments can throw no light on the question whether or not those particles are electrically charged.
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  • It must be remembered that, the so utions not being of quite the same strength, these numbers are not strictly comparable, and that the experimental difficulties involved in the chemical measurements are considerable.
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  • The specific rotation also varies with the concentration; this is due to the dissociation of complex molecules into simpler ones, a view confirmed by cryoscopic measurements.
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  • By measurements giving the position of Mars among Planetary the neighbouring stars in the morning and evening, Parallaxes.
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  • In all such measurements a correction should be made in respect of the demagnetizing force due to the joint, and unless the fit is very accurate the demagnetizing action will be variable.
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  • In most of the experiments the measurements were made by suddenly withdrawing the bobbin from its place ron FIG.
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  • In the second series, to which greater importance is attached, measurements were made of the force exerted in a divergent field upon small balls of copper, silver and other substances, first when the balls were in air and afterwards when they were immersed in liquid oxygen.
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  • In different gratings the lengths of the spectra and their distances from the axis were inversely proportional to the grating interval, while with a given grating the distances of the various spectra from the axis were as i, 2, 3, &c. To Fraunhofer we owe the first accurate measurements of wave-lengths, and the method of separating the overlapping spectra by a prism dispersing in the perpendicular direction.
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  • He concluded from this that when these measurements were made and recorded systematically every single individual would be found to be perfectly distinguishable from others.
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  • It reported favourably, especially on the use of the measurements for primary classification, but recommended also the adoption in part of a system of "finger prints" as suggested by Francis Galton, and already practised in Bengal.
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  • From this great mass of details, soon represented in Paris by the collection of some ioo,000 cards, it was possible, proceeding by exhaustion, to sift and sort down the cards till a small bundle of half a dozen produced the combined facts of the measurements of the individual last sought.
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  • The whole of the record is independent of names, and the final identification is by means of the photograph which lies with the individual's card of measurements.
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  • In Bengal measurements were already abandoned by 1897, when the finger print system was adopted throughout British India.
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  • Special glasses have therefore been produced by Tonnelot in France and at the Jena glassworks in Germany expressly for the manufacture of thermometers for accurate physical measurements; the analyses of these are shown in Table III.
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  • His pupil, Rainer Gemma-Frisius, used it for the observation of the solar eclipse of January 1544 at Louvain, and fully described the methods he adopted for making measurements and drawings of the eclipsed sun, in his De Radio Astronomico et Geometrico (1545).
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  • He also wrote a Description of the World illustrated by maps, in which was probably included his Measurements of Mountains.
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  • To avoid unnecessary complications we shall assume this latter condition in all the following discussion, which is equivalent simply to assuming that all our electrical measurements are made in air or in vacuo.
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  • He returned to Paris in 1744 and published the results of his measurements and travels with a map of the Amazon in Mein.
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  • On a visit to Rome La Condamine made careful measurements of the ancient buildings with a view to a precise determination of the length of the Roman foot.
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  • During the 19th century the measurements of the various parts of the Carpathians was undertaken by the ordnance survey of the Austrian army, which published their first map of the central Carpathians in 1870.
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  • Tanganyika has never been sounded systematically, but the whole configuration of its valley points to its being generally deep, and this has been confirmed by a few actual measurements.
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  • The reading micrometers e, f also serve to measure, independently, the separation of the segments, by scales attached to the slides; such measurements can be employed as a check on those made by the screws.
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  • Recent levellings along the Swedish and Danish coasts have confirmed the higher level of the Baltic; and the level of the Mediterranean has also been determined by exact measurements to be from 15 to 24 in.
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  • The honour of first sounding really oceanic depths belongs to " Egeria," " Waterwitch," " Dart," " Penguin," " Stork," Sir James Clark Ross, who made some excellent measurements and " Investigator."
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  • All deep-sea measurements are subject to uncertainty because the sounding machine merely measures the length of wire which runs out before the lead touches bottom, and this agrees with the depth only when the wire is perpendicular throughout its run.
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  • Schott gives the following as the result of measurements of transparency by means of a white disk at 23 stations in the open ocean, where quantitative observations of the plankton under i square metre of surface were made at the same time.
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  • These measurements were utilized in combination with appropriate elastic coefficients of the material to find the horse-power transmitted from the engines along the shaft to the propeller.
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  • The concepts on which the peoples of the Old World have been classified, such as stature, colour, skeletal measurements, nationality, and so on, cannot as yet be used in America with Classifica- success.
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  • At all the more interesting sites he took up his abode for a time; he examined, he inquired, he made measurements, he accumulated materials.
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  • It might, therefore, be described as that branch of mathematics which deals with formulae for calculating the numerical measurements of curved lengths, areas and volumes, in terms of numerical data which determine these measurements.
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  • The first group comprises such subjects as land-surveying; here the measurements in the elementary stages take place in a plane, and the consideration of volumes necessarily constitutes a later stage; and the figures to be measured are mostly not movable, so that triangulation plays an important part.
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  • It is necessary, in applying formulae to specific cases, not only, on the one hand, to remember that the measurements are only approximate, but also, on the other hand, to give to any ratio such as 7r a value which is at least more accurate than the measurements.
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  • In physical and mechanical applications, where concrete measurements are involved, there is, as pointed out in the preceding section, the additional inaccuracy due to want of exactness in the figure itself.
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  • As the measurements can only be rough, the trapezoidal rule is the most appropriate in ordinary cases.
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  • Let measurements along the beam be represented according to any convenient scale, so that calling L 1 and 1 1 the lengths to be drawn on paper, we have L = aL i; now let r1, r 2, r 3 be a series of radii such that r 1 = R i /ab, r 2 = R 2 /ab, &c., where b is any convenient constant chosen of such magnitude as will allow arcs with the radii, r 1, &c., to be drawn with the means at the draughtsman's disposal.
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  • In electrical measurements connected with incandescent electric lamps the potentiometer is of great use, as it enables us to make accurately and nearly simultaneously two measurements, one of the current through the lamp and the other of the potential difference of the terminals.
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  • He announced the existence of hydrogen, among other elements, in the sun's atmosphere in 1862, and in 1868 published his great map of the normal solar spectrum which long remained authoritative in questions of wave-length, although his measurements were inexact to the extent of one part in 7000 or 8000 owing to the metre which he used as his standard having been slightly too short.
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  • Mexico adopted the metric system in 1862, and it is used in all official transactions, land measurements, railway calculations and public school work.
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  • Measurements of their skulls show them mesocephalic (index about 78), or intermediate between the dolichocephalic and brachycephalic types of mankind.
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  • Sir Thomas Wardle of Leek, in his handbook on silk published in 1887, showed by a series of measurements that the diameter of a single cocoon thread or bave varied from o oth to -nth part of an inch in diameter in the various species of Bombycides, whilst those of the Saturnides or wild species varied from - 0 oth to 3-0 0 th part of an inch.
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  • Flamsteed, from measurements made in 1689 and succeeding years with his mural quadrant, similarly concluded that the declination of the Pole Star was 40" less in July than in September.
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  • Spectroscopic Measurements and Standards of Wave-Length.- All spectroscopic measurement should be reduced to wavelengths or wave-frequencies, by a process of interpolation between lines the wave-lengths of which are known with sufficient accuracy.
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  • At present the quantity of electricity it carries, and also its mass, may be determined, and we can therefore derive units of length and of mass from our electrical measurements.
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  • The careful measurements of Kayser and Runge of the carbon bands show that the successive differences in the frequencies do (1900), I, p. 399.
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  • As early as 1788 Sir Charles Blagden (1748-1820) made measurements of the freezing points of salt solutions, and showed that the depression of freezing point was.
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  • The pressure at each point should be that of the vapour, but since the solubility of a solid does not change much with pressure, measurements under the constant atmospheric pressure give a curve practically identical with the theoretical one.
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  • But the most accurate test of the theory depends on measurements of freezing points.
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  • Now measurements of osmotic properties of these solutions show that their osmotic pressures are abnormally great and that, at extreme dilution, the ratio of their osmotic pressures to that of equivalent solutions of non-electrolytes is equal to the number of ions indicated by the electrolytic properties.
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  • Frazer, who have made direct measurements of osmotic pressure of solution of cane-sugar, have also measured the freezing points of corresponding solutions.
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  • Assuming these three main divisions, we must now consider in detail the 18 sub-divisions which we distinguish; the first 5 forming the Western Alps, the next 7 the Central Alps, and the rest the Eastern Alps, the heights throughout being, of course, given in English feet and representing the latest measurements.
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  • Used for muffs, trimmings, boas, and carriage 1 The measurements given are from nose to root of tail of average large sizes after the dressing process, which has a shrinking tendency.
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  • The "Paris Model" figure is the basis of these estimates for ladies' garments, the standard measurements being height 5 ft.
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  • No calorimetric observations are required, but the results are obtained in terms of the thermal capacity of unit volume c, and the measurements give the diffusivity klc, instead of the calorimetric conductivity k.
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  • It is probable for this reason that the average conductivity of the earth's crust, as deduced from surface observations, is too large; and that estimates of the age of the earth based on such measurements are too low, and require to be raised; they would thereby be brought into better agreement with the conclusions of geologists derived from other lines of argument.
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  • The extreme divergence of the resulting values of the diffusivity, including eight independent series of measurements on different days, was less than I %.
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  • Numerous measurements have been made of the wavelengths of the brightest.
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  • The measurements of a female, taken in the flesh, were head and body 4 ft., tail 172 in.; but a large individual measured 6 ft.
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  • Such measurements of fraternal correlation in the lower animal as Pearson and his pupils have at present made give values very close to 2.
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  • These Difficulties Have Been Removed By The Great Advances Since 1880, And In Particular By The Introduction Of Accurate Standard Cells For Measurements Of Electrical Pressure.
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  • J Amin And Amaury, And Of Many Other Experimentalists Who Succeeded Regnault, Appeared To Indicate Much Larger Rates Of Increase Than He Had Found, But There Can Be Little Doubt That The Discrepancies Of Their Results, Which Often Exceeded 5%, Were Due To Lack Of Appreciation Of The Difficulties Of Calorimetric Measurements.
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  • Vogel of Potsdam, by repeated measurements of the motion of Algol in the line of sight, showed that the star is always receding from us before the loss of light and approaching us afterwards.
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  • P. Pfeffer (Osmotische Untersuchungen, Leipzig, 1877) was the first to obtain satisfactory measurements of osmotic pressures of cane-sugar solutions up to nearly I atmosphere by means of semi-permeable membranes of copper ferrocyanide.
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  • Lord Berkeley and Hartley have also verified the theory by direct measurements of the vapour-pressures of the same solutions.
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  • It is obvious that, both in its values and in its measurements, the survey's reckoning is very crude.
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  • Its extreme measurements are 87 m.
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  • Chalcopyrite crystallizes in the tetragonal system with inclined hemihedrism, but the form is so nearly cubic that it was not recognized as tetragonal until accurate measurements were made in 1822.
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  • Units of this kind are called absolute on account of their fundamental and invariable character as contrasted with gravitational units, which (as we shall see presently) vary somewhat with the locality at which the measurements are supposed to be made.
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  • As a final example we may note the arrangement, often employed in physical measurements, where a body performs small oscillations about a vertical axis through its mass-centre G, under the influence of a couple whose moment varies as the angle of rotation from the equilibrium position.
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  • Bludau's measurements give the total area draining to the Red Sea at about 255,000 sq.
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  • The precision of his earlier work is evidenced by his Micrometric Measurements of the Elementary Parts of Man and Animals (Leipzig, 1834).
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  • The third covers the period between 1831 and Clerk Maxwell's enunciation of the electromagnetic theory of light in 1865 and the invention of the self-exciting dynamo, which marks another great epoch in the development of the subject; and the fourth comprises the modern development of electric theory and of absolute quantitative measurements, and above all, of the applications of this knowledge in electrical engineering.
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  • Amongst Cavendish's important contributions were his exact measurements of electrical capacity.
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  • Hence his measurements are all directly comparable with modern electrostatic measurements in which the unit of capacity is that of a sphere r centimetre in radius.
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  • He made many measurements of the electric conductivity of different solids and liquids, by comparing the intensity of the electric shock taken through his body and various conductors.
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  • The accuracy of his measurement, by which he established within 2% the above law, was only limited by the sensibility, or rather insensibility, of the pith ball electrometer, which was his only means of detecting the electric charge.2 In the accuracy of his quantitative measurements and the range of his researches and his combination of mathematical and physical knowledge, Cavendish may not inaptly be described as the Kelvin of the 18th century.
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  • Experimental methods were devised for the further exact measurements of the electromagnetic velocity and numerous determinations of the dielectric constants of various solids, liquids and gases, and comparisons of these with the corresponding optical refractive indices were conducted.
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  • He also made great additions to the theory of alternating electric currents, and provided fresh appliances for other electrical measurements (see his Collected Scientific Papers, Cambridge, 1900) .
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  • As regards the latent process (latens processes) which goes on in all cases of generation and continuous development or motion, we examine carefully, and by quantitative measurements, the gradual growth and change from the first elements to the completed thing.
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  • No positive result was, however, arrived at, principally on account of the want of regular measurements of the volume of the Volga and its tributaries - measurements which began to be made on scientific principles only in 1880.
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  • He also made accurate measurements and a plan of the Hellenistic temple, found many inscriptions and a few miscellaneous antiquities, and had begun to explore the Precinct, when the great expense and other considerations induced the trustees of the British Museum to suspend his operations in 1874.
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  • The height of the temple is doubtful, the measurements of columns given us by later authority having reference probably to its successor, the height of which was considered abnormal and marvellous.
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  • Dicaearchus, referring to the town of Cassander, gives two measurements for the circuit, equal to about 9 m.
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  • The best map possible is therefore only the result of estimates and partial measurements.
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  • Measurements of the movement of Himalayan glaciers give results according closely with those obtained under analogous conditions in the Alps, viz.
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  • In such a film it is possible that no part of the liquid may be so far from the surface as to have the potential and density corresponding to what we have called the interior of a liquid mass, and measurements of the tension of the film when drawn out to different degrees of thinness may possibly lead to an estimate of range of the molecular forces, or at least of the depth within a liquid mass, at which its properties become sensibly uniform.
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  • It is impossible to make direct measurements of the properties of particles of the substance within the insensible distance e of the bounding surface.
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  • If the cells remain connected the resulting filament repeats these processes of elongation and subsequent division uniformly so long as the conditions are maintained, and very accurate measurements have been obtained on such a form, e.g.
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  • He co-operated in the Danish and Hanoverian measurements of an arc and trigonometrical operations (1821-1848), and wrote (1843, 1846) the two memoirs Ãœber GegenstÃnde der höheren GeodÃsie.
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  • Classification of races on cranial measurements has long been attempted by eminent anatomists, and in certain cases great reliance may be placed on such measurements.
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  • Leonardo obtained Pacioli's help in calculations and measurements for the great task of casting the bronze horse and man.
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  • Measurements at the Ripon Falls show that 18,000,000,000, or some 13% of this amount, is taken off by the Nile, and when allowance has been made for the annual rise and fall of the lake-level it is apparent that by far the greater part of the water which enters the nyanza is lost by evaporation; in fact, that the amount drawn off by the river plays a comparatively small part in the annual oscillation of the water surface.
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  • Playfair's contributions to pure mathematics were not considerable, his paper "On the Arithmetic of Impossible Quantities," that "On the Causes which affect the Accuracy of Barometrical Measurements," and his Elements of Geometry, all already referred to, being the most important.
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  • Johann Kepler had proved by an elaborate series of measurements that each planet revolves in an elliptical orbit round the sun, whose centre occupies one of the foci of the orbit, that the radius vector of each planet drawn from the sun describes equal areas in equal times, and that the squares of the periodic times of the planets are in the same proportion as the cubes of their mean distances from the sun.
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  • Even in commercial transactions, in dealing with sums of money, the statement of an amount often has reference to the last item added rather than to a total; and geometrical measurements are practically ordinal (§ 26).
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  • All numbers, for instance,which represent physical measurements,are limited in their accuracy not only by our powers of measurement but also by the accuracy of the measure we use as our unit.
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  • In calculating an average it should be observed that the addition of any numerical quantity (positive or negative) to each of the measurements produces the addition of the same quantity to the average, so that the calculation may often be simplified by taking some particular measurement as a new zero from which to measure.
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  • In accurate comparisons, therefore, it is necessary that the coils to be compared should be immersed in melting ice, and that sufficient time should be allowed to elapse between the measurements for the heat generated in the coil to be removed.
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  • Obviously the pedometer is little better than an ingenious toy, depending even for rough measurements on the uniformity of pace maintained throughout the journey measured.
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  • It was for the most part written on horseback, during the author's rides in the country while engaged in his meridian measurements.
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  • There were three courts, the outer or great court, the middle court of Ishtar and Zamama, and the inner court on the east side of which was the tower of seven stages (known as the House of the Foundation of Heaven and Earth), 90 metres high according to Hommel's calculation of the measurements in the tablet; while on the west side was the temple proper of Merodach and his wife Sarpanit or Zarpanit, as well as chapels of Anu, Ea and Bel on either side of it.
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  • Of the three co-ordinates,the radius vector does not admit of direct measurement, and must be inferred by a combination of indirect measurements and physical theories.
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  • This being ascertained by one or more stars near it, may be used to determine by direct measurements the polar distances of other bodies.
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  • They were provided with large graduated circles adapted for measurements of declination and right ascension, and prove the Chinese to have anticipated by at least three centuries some of Tycho Brahe's most important inventions.
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  • Kempf with a polarizing photometer; but by far the most comprehensive work of the kind is the Harvard Photometric Durchmusterung (1901-1903), embracing all stars to 7.5 magnitude, and extended to the southern pole by measurements executed at Arequipa.
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  • The development of the method has been greatly assisted by photography, while the application of photometric measurements has been a powerful auxiliary in the work.
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  • In order to avoid the question of the measurements of the intensity in different media, it is convenient to suppose that the refracted stream emerges into a medium similar to the first by a transition so gradual that no light is lost by reflection.
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  • If measurements be required, the plate must have a motion round an axis perpendicular to that of the optical systems, and also about an axis normal to its faces; the polarizer and analyser must also be capable of adjustment.
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  • Before the time of Tait's researches such data were of little interest or value, on account of insufficient care in securing the purity of the materials tested; but increased facilities in this respect, combined with great improvements in electrical measurements, have put the question on a different footing.
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  • But on account of the difficulty of the measurements involved, the verification of the accurate relation between the Peltier effect and thermoelectric power was left to more recent times.
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  • A;` qualitative relation was known at that time to exist, but no absolute measurements of sufficient accuracy had been made.
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  • When the question is tested more carefully, either by taking more accurate measurements of temperature, or by extending the observations over a wider range, it is found that there are systematic deviations from the parabola in the majority of cases, which cannot be explained by errors of experiment.
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  • These measurements, though subject to some uncertainty on account of the great experimental difficulties, are a very valuable confirmation of the accuracy of Thomson's theory, because they show that the magnitude of the effect is of the required order, but they cannot be said to be strongly in support of Tait's hypothesis.
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  • Langstroth, in his measurements, hit upon the happy mean which keeps bees from propolizing or fastening the frames to the hive body, as they assuredly would do if sufficient space had not been allowed for free passage round the side-bars; it is equally certain that if too much space had been provided, they would fill it with comb and thus render the frame immovable.
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  • The description listed the measurements at 5 3/4 X 4 1/2 X 1/2 inches.
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  • It became imperative to relate these numbers to the actual measurements.
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  • It was inferred from geophysical measurements in mines.
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  • Results are compared with previous measurements with monochromatic ion beams from a conventional accelerator.
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  • To monitor adherence to diet Serial measurements of EMA are a reliable marker for dietary adherence.
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  • The results were in good agreement with standard low temperature nitrogen adsorption measurements.
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  • Mean velocity measurements were taken by using a precision constant temperature linearized hot-wire anemometer designed for low speed water flows.
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  • Examples include measurements on the fat content of farmed salmon, and on cake batters.
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  • The measurements of the guage boson properties enables the Standard Model of particle physics to be tested to incredibly high precision.
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  • Measurements of thresholds for bond breakage and the energy released into the photofragments allow very precise determinations of strengths of chemical bonds.
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  • Imag The DENIS I-band total magnitude calibrated by comparison with the I-band measurements of Mathewson at al.
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  • We cannot undo the cosmic cataclysm of the Fall by making astronomical measurements or adjustments.
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  • The gel permeation chromatography (GPC) measurements show that the molecular weight profile is only changed slightly.
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  • Clients are responsible for providing accurate sizing measurements e.g. for full head circlets.
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  • Residual measurements carried out on glass/polyester rods showed that the longitudinal tensile modulus remains constant over the entire lifetime of the unidirectional composite.
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  • Recent developments with cw diode lasers have realized the potential for compact instruments to perform in-situ measurements of atmospheric trace gas constituents.
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  • Fast visible image of an ELM in MAST Measurements of neoclassical island evolution appearing to confirm the strong stabilizing role of field curvature effects.
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  • Measurements show comparable performance between active and passive diffusers, while the active solution requires less space.
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  • Auto wash between particle size distribution measurements eliminates cross contamination.
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  • The dosimetric characteristics of the chosen chamber have been assessed by comparison with absorbed dose measurements made using chemical dosimeters.
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  • The measurements below should be taken whilst wearing light clothing, using a dressmaker 's tape measure.
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  • Measurements of such order are usually made by diffraction techniques, which detect the ionic cores and the spins of the conduction electrons.
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  • Bakos et al. calculated the equatorial coordinates for epoch and equinox 2000.0 using their astrometry and proper motion measurements.
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  • The numbers and sizes of limpets and other grazing gastropods were determined by measurements and counts from the digital images.
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  • Physical properties provide critical interpretive links between geophysical measurements and evaluation of subsurface geology and state conditions.
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  • All subjects used the same goniometer for all three measurements.
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  • Flight measurements from accelerometers and rate gyros provide airplane motion characteristics relative to axes fixed within the airframe.
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  • Our measurements of the HI in our Galaxy have given us insight into the dark matter halo around our Galaxy.
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  • Made to measure elastic hosiery - garments made to patient's measurements.
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  • Measurements of the changing water pressures were made using hydrophones.
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  • Serial measurements were made for various cytokines using specific enzyme-linked immunoassays (ELISA ).
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  • Weighing people under water and measurements of electrical impedance have also been employed.
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  • The measurements supplied are for general guidance and as such must be considered incorrect.
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  • The research is focused on carrying out the majority of the measurements in-situ using benthic landers.
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  • Measurements either not made to an appropriate level of accuracy or presented in a haphazard form.
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  • Measurements include directional luminous intensity, illuminance of lamps and meters, luminance of sources and meters and total luminous flux.
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  • We used a heavy paving mallet to put a vibration impulse into the floor with simultaneous measurements being made in both buildings.
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  • Measurements and weights metric measurements and weights metric measurements for products are followed by the imperial equivalent and are approximate.
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  • In specific locations of the construction in-situ measurements are measured of the wood moisture by using resistance moisture meters.
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  • At Titan, the on-going Cassini mission has been providing a rich dataset of in situ measurements of the ionosphere.
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  • Measuring Instructions For an accurate measurement please use a metal tape measure and take measurements in centimeters to the nearest 0.1cm.
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  • They were characterized via scanning electron microscopy, complex impedance measurements, electron probe microanalysis and dielectric lifetime testing.
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  • The amount needed for NMR measurements is of several milligrams in a solution of at least approximately 1 mM.
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  • We will carry out measurements using scale models in the anechoic chamber.
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  • We also made routine measurements of phytoplankton pigments (eg. chlorophyll-a as a measure of biomass) and we enumerated the principal phytoplankton species.
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  • The second channel can also be used with a suitable microphone preamplifier for sound measurements.
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  • A number of projects are available based on spectral-temporal measurements of femtosecond pulses interacting with different photonic materials and devices.
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  • The density measurements gave no ground for reliance on an unusual isotopic ratio.
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  • A study based on measurements of the serum acute-phase reactants.
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  • With clear sides with cooking measurements on them, it is also extremely handy for mixing rehydration sachets.
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  • The measurements show sodium salicylate concentrated by extraction with cetyl pyridinium chloride surfactant.
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  • The forecasts will make use of satellite and ground based measurements and a range of models for different spatial scales.
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  • In many areas, conventional helium scattering has been limited by the energy resolution with which such measurements can be made.
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  • He uses high-resolution solid-state detectors to make precision measurements on the gamma rays emitted by radioactive nuclei.
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  • The combined analysis of surface measurements, balloon soundings, direct observations, weather maps, and satellite images completed the data base.
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  • Unlike LASCO, it will make measurements and images between 2 and 10 solar radii with high spectral and spatial resolution.
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  • Total Transmittance Measurements are made using a scanning spectrophotometer fitted with an integrating sphere accessory.
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  • Total Reflectance Measurements are made using either a scanning spectrophotometer fitted with an integrating sphere accessory, or a diode array spectrophotometer.
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  • Using in-situ synchrotron measurements to follow the calcination of a (TiO 2) 0.18 (SiO 2) 0.82 sol-gel.
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  • Measurements of permitivity and loss tangent as a function of temperature and bias are obtained in this way.
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  • In many cases people claimed ' cold ' arm measurements when, in fact these had been taken after a twenty minute thrashing.
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  • Although initial rheumatoid factor titre is of prognostic significance, serial measurements are not useful in assessing progress.
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  • These measurements require the use of high accuracy transducers and control methods with high resolution and repeatability.
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  • Regular transmittance NPL is able to make regular transmittance measurements from 200 to 3000 nm.
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  • These calculations are little more than three-dimensional trigonometry in most cases involving converting tape, compass and clino measurements into an XYZ vector.
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  • Estimating suspended sediment concentrations from ocean color measurements in moderately turbid waters; the impact of variable particle scattering properties.
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  • The sample preparation and the measurements were done in ultra high vacuum.
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  • The more commonly used length measurements -- length overall, length between perpendiculars, and length on load waterline are discussed as follows.
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  • This presentation covers the most frequently asked questions from users of the zetasizer range for both dynamic light scattering and zeta potential measurements.
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  • Since the discovery of this fact all measurements have been made in that fixed position of the microscope with respect to the axis of the screw for which the errors of the screw have been determined.
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  • The forms of measuring machines of type C, often seen in physical laboratories, should be at once rejected for refined measurements, because it is impossible to construct slides of such perfection that the axis of the microscope will remain absolutely normal to the surface of the plate (assumed to be a plane) throughout the range of measurement.
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  • Table III., showing orchestral pitches obtained in 1899, for the measurements of which the writer is responsible, prove how chimerical it is to hope for greater accuracy than is found between 435 and 440 vibrations a second for a', inasmuch as temperature must always be reckoned with.
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  • Pythagoras had speculated as to the existence of antipodes, but it was not until the first approximately accurate measurements of the globe and estimates of the length and breadth of the Problem oekumene were made by Eratosthenes (c. 250 B.C.) that of the the fact that, as then known, it occupied less than a quarter Antipodes.
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  • At present, measurements of freezing point are more convenient and accurate than those of osmotic pressure, and we may test the validity of Arrhenius' relations by their means.
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  • The valuable work of Gauss on magnetic theory and measurements, especially in relation to terrestrial magnetism, was published in his Intensitas vis magneticae terrestris, 1833, and in memoirs communicated to the Resultate aus den Beobachtungen des magnetischen Vereins, 1838 and 1839, which, with others, are contained in vol.
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  • By measurements of coronas it is possible to infer the size of the particles to which they are due, an application of considerable interest in the case of natural coronas - the general rule being the larger the corona the smaller the water spherules.
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  • Rough approximations must always precede accurate measurements; and these returns, while often inaccurate, are better than nothing, and probably improve with each decade.
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  • The measurements of a polygonal field or other area are usually taken as in § 25 (ii); a diagonal AE is taken as the base-line, and for the points B, C, D,..
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  • Sumpner, however, has devised forms of wattmeter of the dyna - mometer type in which iron cores are employed, and has defined the conditions under which these instruments are available for accurate measurements.
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  • For the study of Zeeman effects (see Magneto-Optics) the echelon seems specially adapted, while the great pliability of 'Fabry and Perot's methods, allowing a clear interpretation of results, is likely to secure them permanently an established place in measurements of precision.
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  • Experimental measurements of freezing points of various non-electrolytic solutions have been made by Raoult, Loomis, Griffiths, Bedford and others and numbers ranging round 1.85 found for this concentration.
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  • To the tale of his woodcuts, besides a few illustrations to his book on measurements (that is, geometry and perspective), and on fortification, he only added one Holy Family and one portrait, that of his friend Eoban Hesse.
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  • He co-operated in the Danish and Hanoverian measurements of an arc and trigonometrical operations (1821-1848), and wrote (1843, 1846) the two memoirs Ãœber GegenstÃnde der höheren GeodÃsie.
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  • No practical good can therefore accrue to aviation from elaborate measurements of the wings and body of any flying thing; neither can any rule be laid down as to the extent of surface required for sustaining a given weight in the air.
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  • These efforts have been very effective in removing the influence of the diurnal cycle from pulsation period measurements.
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  • Rugged thermopile sensors for high power lasers and sensitive pyroelectric sensors for individual pulse energy measurements at KHz rates.
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  • These sources are all difficult to quantify due to the nature of the sources and to the lack of appropriate UK measurements.
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  • In general, the error terms attached to more recent radiocarbon age measurements are reliable.
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  • High accuracy filter radiometers are used in thermal and optical metrology, for temperature measurements, photometry, and derivation of spectral emission.
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  • The instrument of choice for these measurements is a radionuclide calibrator, the main component of which is an ionization chamber.
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  • This will enable us to exploit the regular radiosonde measurements from Halley to the full.
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  • But for more accurate measurements of mass, composition and gross structure, space rendezvous missions are needed.
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  • The second technique combines SPL measurements in a reverberant field with intensity measurements made close to the sample surface.
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  • The results of reverberation time measurements are shown in figure 5 where they are compared with the maximum allowable limit.
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  • Once again, unique scintillator based technology provides the high resolution requred for accurate, fast response scanning measurements.
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  • Simultaneous measurements of variations in all three important scales would be made for the first time.
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  • Measurements of the stones also indicated possible lunar and solstice alignments.
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  • Enlist som help at the other end of the tape measure to ensure your measurements are spot on.
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  • This is demonstrated in this paper by hexane and cyclohexane sorption measurements on different oxides.
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  • As expected from spectroscopy measurements PrPc is predominantly alpha helical and contains almost no beta sheet.
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  • This statute should be understood as one part of Elizabeth 's larger effort to standardize measurements of all kinds.
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  • Using tartaric acid as a standard for determining the titer of your NaOH is probably good enough - at least for TA measurements.
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  • Theodolite measurements of changes of azimuth and elevation and angular size are of great aid to the evaluation of reports.
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  • Typically, thermocouple measurements around a furnace are highly correlated.
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  • When the transducer assembly is tightened and repeat measurements are made, the displacement output is almost identical each time.
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  • Regular Transmittance NPL is able to make regular transmittance measurements from 200 to 3000 nm.
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  • This presentation covers the most frequently asked questions from users of the Zetasizer range for both dynamic light scattering and zeta potential measurements.
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  • It is also a good idea to measure more than once to see how consistent these measurements are.
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  • Also, a custom Elfa closet installation with child-level clothing and storage is less than $400 at the Container Store and the in-store design team will take the measurements and design the closet.
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  • The seamstress may need to take your child's measurements, however.
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  • However, after some simple measurements and a difficult return to reality, chances are your idealistic décor dreams have somehow grown quite larger than your designated room space.
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  • To take advantage of these tools, you will need to take your baby's measurements.
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  • Your doctor also compares current measurements to those taken at previous doctor visits.
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  • Sometimes even significant changes in growth chart measurements don't necessarily mean your baby isn't developing properly.
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  • They first initiated multiple measurements of a luteinizing hormone (LH) within the patient's urine.
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  • Measurements such as a baby's height and weight are good indicators of the baby's overall health in many cases; however, there is no official height or weight that an infant should be at a certain age.
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  • Current growth charts were created with data collected from the measurements of thousands of infants; this data was evaluated to determine the average weight and height for each age and gender.
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  • Other percentile curves were also placed on the charts marking the 25th, 75th, and 90th percentiles for the different measurements.
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  • Be sure and take your measurements before you bid or buy online, however, and request the measurements of the bra from the seller as well.
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  • In addition to double-checking the measurements that you have made, the installation company will want their own measurements.
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  • Take these measurements with you when you go shopping.
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  • Once you have decided on the sink type, you will want to take exact measurements of your space.
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  • Write all of these measurements down because you will want to be able to refer to them at the store.
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  • Measure the width and depth of the space and keep these measurements handy.
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  • Measure the space and take those measurements with you when you shop.
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  • Measure the space, and take these measurements with you when to go to store to shop to insure the bookcases you select will fit your floor space.
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  • Check the measurements first and features of each.
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  • If a contractor is remodeling your bathroom, he will provide you with the measurements.
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  • Once you have measurements and you begin to shop, you will see how the size of the space will determine the kind of shower module you choose.
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  • They ship a trial shirt made to your measurements and only then confirm the rest of the order.
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  • Have your measurements handy when you shop.
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  • Then add 4-5 inches to both measurements.
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  • The size measurements for full slips are either based on dress sizes or the band measurement of a bra.
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  • Wheels also have different diameters; between 70 and 78 millimeters are the most common measurements.
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  • Formal wear has a tendency to sit on the body at different places than everyday clothing, making those measurements different.
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  • Compare your measurements against the measurements of the standard size tablecloths.
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  • Bring kitchen measurements with you so that you can find a model to seamlessly fit into your current countertop.
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  • However, by taking a few measurements and weighing the pros and cons of each piece, you'll find your perfect toilet in no time.
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  • If you buy from a respectable brand such as Dewalt, Ryobi, and Craftsman, you are more likely to find a tabletop that features precise measurements.
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  • Purchasing a custom-made sleep product will help you reduce joint and muscle aches since the products will contour to your exact measurements.
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  • If you are wondering how to buy a tv with certain size specifications--like it needs to fill a certain amount of space on a wall, or needs to fit in a certain cabinet--then you should take measurements and have them handy.
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  • Before you make a purchase you should make exact measurements to make sure that you are purchasing a system that will keep your animal out of dangerous areas.
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  • If you want a bed that fits your cat's size perfectly, take some measurements of your cat's width and length.
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  • As with any building project, precise measurements are important.
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  • The key to creating the right design scheme is to take proper measurements of the room, decide what will fit, and what can be moved into another living area.
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  • Shop around, make plenty of comparisons, take careful measurements of the space it will fit and know that your family will be gathering around a table that will serve them for years to come.
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  • Make sure you have your room measurements when you go shopping at the outlet.
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  • Take the cushion or the measurements of the cushion to the tailor to get an estimate of the cost.
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  • The key to finding the perfect chaise lounge replacement cushion is to have the proper measurements and an idea of the style you are looking for.
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  • Ensure you have measurements for the back, seat and overall width, which will allow you to find a cushion that most closely resembles your chaise.
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  • For custom cushions, make sure you have the proper measurements and know the shape you want.
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  • Use the sections of an old cushion or take measurements of an existing chair or sample cushion.
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  • If you decide to add piping, buttons, or ties, now is the time to take measurements so you can get adequate quantities and sizes.
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  • Plans are available in U.S. standard as well as metric measurements, so make sure you pick a plan that will be compatible with your tools.
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  • Plans that include both measurements can be versatile, but they may also be a hassle to use.
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  • Before you choose bunk beds for your home, make a drawing of your space with accurate measurements to ensure that the style of bed you choose will accommodate things like doorways, windows, built-in light fixtures, and heating vents.
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  • Ease of Use - Plans are available in metric and standard U.S. measurements, so buy a plan that's easy for you to understand and use.
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  • Pay particular attention to curing times, temperature requirements, safety instructions and measurements.
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  • Pool table measurements define the area of the table that is used for play, not the dimensions of the overall table.
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  • Pool table measurements range from seven feet long to nine feet long.
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  • The only requirement for an enjoyable experience is making sure that the pool table measurements are to your liking and that the size of the room is appropriate for the table.
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  • Taking measurements before you buy is vital because you want to make sure that the sofa pieces will not overpower the living area.
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  • Once you know the measurements of the room, you'll need to figure out what size sectional best fits the space.
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  • Either go to a few stores and get the measurements of some sectionals, or just check online for a few different ones.
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  • You'll also want a floor plan with measurements (be sure to include windows, doors, stairs, and the floor to ceiling measurements).
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  • Be absolutely sure about the measurements, colors, and style of the items you buy.
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  • Always make sure you take careful measurements of the space you're going to place your furniture in before deciding which style and size to buy.
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  • In addition to being handy with this kind of saws, you need to be able to take measurements, use tools such as pliers and wrenches and most importantly, follow instructions.
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  • Since the beginning of global temperature measurements, ten of the hottest years on record took place between 1997 and 2008.
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  • Configure the dimensions of your frame to work with your height and body measurements.
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  • Measurements of the opening - I suppose you measure this twice, if not three times.
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  • Take precise measurements of the room and any doorways which must be passed through to get inside.
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  • Remember to take all the relevant measurements before you do your shopping as well.
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  • Take measurements - This will help you when you are shopping for larger furniture such as credenzas, desks and large filing cabinets.
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  • Catalogs also contain measurements and details of both furniture and upholstered pieces.
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  • Before you buy a tree, a tablecloth, a door wreath, or garland for the railings, take measurements.
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  • If you're going to be buying new table linens, you need the measurements of your table.
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  • If you are going to be buying new furniture, don't forget to take measurements before you hit the shops!
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  • While your floor plan doesn't need to appear as perfect as one drawn up by an interior designer, you should still do your best to include measurements that are at least somewhat accurate.
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  • This will enable you to start with a clean slate and allow you to get accurate measurements of the space.
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  • The site allows you to save your custom measurements and order color and material swatches.
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  • For a room with four walls, take the length and width measurements and add them together, changing the number to inches.
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  • If you're unsure, give your room measurements to someone at the paint store for help.
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  • Jot down measurements and then erase them with ease.
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  • Use your measurements as a guide to cut two pieces of fabric, one for the front and one for the back.
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  • If laying out your living room furniture seems intimidating, take basic measurements of the room and your furniture and lay it all out on graph paper.
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  • For instance, some to the trade operations will allow a designer to essentially design a piece of furniture - measurements, fabric, style, etc. - that specifically suits the room you are decorating.
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  • Double check your measurements and be sure of what you're ordering before you do so.
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  • Always make sure you take careful measurements of the area you want to place your rug in.
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  • Once you have picked out your frame, you can enter in your measurements and attachment information on MirrorMate's order form.
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  • As with any curtain rods, proper measurements are key to getting the right rod for the window.
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  • You will enter these measurements into the tool and select your kitchen's configuration.
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  • Cut out the template and use it to cut a sheet of polypropylene to those exact measurements.
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  • Measure between the papers and then match those measurements to the manufacturer’s pre-set sizes.
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  • Many of us love to dabble in the kitchen but don't want to be bothered with paying attention to cooking measurements.
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  • You crave oatmeal cookies but get lazy with the baking measurements and add what looks like the right amount of flour, instead of the full two cups.
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  • So you've found the perfect recipe, are convinced that you'll pay close attention to the cooking measurements, but realize it only makes enough for six servings and you want to feed a party of twelve?
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  • Use the guide below to convert smaller measurements into larger quantities.
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  • If you're shopping online, grab a tape measure to get your measurements before you buy.
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  • The advent of the Internet has made it a dream to shop, if you know some specific numbers, namely your bust size, waist size and hip measurements.
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  • As with the previous two measurements, you'll be holding the measuring tape tightly.
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  • Taking your measurements and looking at a few of the current labels in your closet can help you save a ton of time at the mall.
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  • If you don't know your measurements, simply grab a measuring tape (the soft, pliable kind) and measure your bust, waist, and inseam.
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  • The right measurements are important to getting the right fit.