Maxima Sentence Examples
In most cases two distinct maxima and minima occur in the 24 hours.
All three Paris curves show three peaks, the first and third representing the ordinary forenoon and afternoon maxima.
The 12-hour term is much less variable, especially as regards its phase angle; its amplitude shows distinct maxima near the equinoxes.
Aepyornis maxima, which laid enormous eggs, and not unnaturally recalls the mythical " roc " that figures so largely in Arabian tales.
Inhabited by the Rauraci and the Sequani, it formed part of ancient Gaul, and was therefore included in the Roman empire in the provinces of Germania Superior and Maxima Sequanorum.Advertisement
But the average of two presi dential votes was 85.37%; and the maxima, minima and means for mayors and governors were respectively 83.86, 74.99, 78.36 and 8 4.73, 61.7 8, 75.7 2.
He also gave in his Fluxions, for the first time, the correct theory for distinguishing between maxima and minima in general, and pointed out the importance of the distinction in the theory of the multiple points of curves.
For the subjects of this heading see the articles DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS; FOURIER'S SERIES; CONTINUED FRACTIONS; FUNCTION; FUNCTION OF REAL VARIABLES; FUNCTION COMPLEX; GROUPS, THEORY OF; INFINITESIMAL CALCULUS; MAXIMA AND MINIMA; SERIES; SPHERICAL HARMONICS; TRIGONOMETRY; VARIATIONS, CALCULUS OF.
There are therefore maxima and minima in the value of the tide-generating force, depending on the relative positions of the sun, earth and moon.
In addition to these there are subsidiary maxima at intervals of 41, 9 and 84-93 years.Advertisement
Given, then, that the variations in tide-generating force are big enough, the periods when the maxima occur will be critical with regard to oceanographical and meteorological phenomena.
The theory of inequalities is closely connected with that of maxima and minima, and therefore seems to come properly under this head.
The maxima occur when u=tan u, (4), and then sin 2 u/u 2 = cos 2 u (5).
Since the maxima occur when u = (m +1)7r it nearly, the successive values are not very different from 4 4 4 &c The application of these results to (3) shows that the field is brightest at the centre =o, =0, viz.
Within the rectangle formed by pairs of consecutive dark lines, and not far from its centre, the brightness rises to a maximum; but these subsequent maxima are in all cases much inferior to the brightness at the centre of the entire pattern (=o, n =o).Advertisement
When z is great, the descending series (io) gives i 2J 1 (z) = 2 sin (z1 7r) 22; (2) z so that the places of maxima and minima occur at equal intervals.
In another respect the observations of Fraunhofer appear at first sight to be in disaccord with theory; for his measures of the diameters of the red rings, visible when white light was employed, correspond with the law applicable to dark rings, and not to the different law applicable to the luminous maxima.
The intensity may be expressed by 12= (2+Cv) 2 +(2+Sv) 2 and the maxima and minima occur when dC dS (z+Cv)a`j+(2+Sv)dV=0, whence sin rV 2 +cos27rV 2 =G..
Rich annual displays of meteors have often been remarked on about the 10th of August, directed from Perseus, but they do not appear to have exhibited periodical maxima of great strength.
In each of the three oceans there are two maxima of salinity-one in the north, the other in the south tropical belt, separated by a zone of minimum salinity in the equatorial region, and giving place poleward to regions of still lower salinity.Advertisement
Buchanan pointed out in 1876, that the great contrasts in surface salinity between the tropical maxima and the equatorial minima give place at the moderate depth of 200 fathoms to a practically uniform salinity in all parts of the ocean.
To this victory was assigned the founding of the Ara maxima by Evander.
Thus, an interval of one-third of a second elapses between two successive maxima or beats, and there are produced three beats per second.
To Zenodorus (c. 200100 B.C.) is due the important problem in maxima and minima that for a given surface the sphere is the solid of maximum volume.
The strong changes of temperature with the seasons are indicated also by the distribution of summer maxima and winter minima; summer temperatures above 112 are known in the south-western deserts, and temperatures of 100 are sometimes carried far northward on the Great Plains by the hot winds nearly to the Canadian boundary; while in winter, temperatures of 40 occur along the mid-northern boundary and freezing winds sometimes sweep down to the border of the Gulf of Mexico.Advertisement
Diocletian added Helvetia, and part of Germania Superior to Sequania, which was now called Provincia maxima Sequanorum, Vesontio receiving the title of Metropolis civitas Vesontiensium.
We may say therefore that if the difference between the frequencies n 1 and n, of the two waves is such that in the combined image of the slit the intensity at the minimum between -the two maxima falls to 0.81, the lines are just resolved and n l /(n l n 2) may then be called the resolving power.
In the 5th century there were five provinces, Britannia Prima and Secunda, Flavia and Maxima Caesariensis and (for a while) Valentia, ruled by praesides and consulares under a vicarius, but the only thing known of them is that Britannia Prima included Cirencester.
To the south of this in Europe the single maximum at mid-winter is replaced by two maxima, somewhere about the equinoxes.
The Scandinavian data, from the wealth of observations, are probably the most representative, and even in the most northern district of Scandinavia the smallness of the excess of the frequencies in December and January over those in March and October suggests that some influence tending to create maxima at the equinoxes has largely counterbalanced the influence of sunlight and twilight in reducing the frequency at these seasons.
The 6-month term has the earliest of its two equal maxima about the 26th of March.
All are observed frequencies, derived after Wolf's method; maxima and minima are in heavy type.
The maxima and minima in the two phenomena in a good many cases are not found in the same years.
Schuster, who has considered the matter very fully, has found evidence of the existence of other periods-notably 8.4 and 4.8 years-in addition to the recognized period of 11.125 years, and he regards the difference between the maxima in successive II-year periods as due at least partly to an overlapping of maxima from the several periodic terms. This cannot, however, account for all the fluctuations observed in sun-spot frequencies, unless other considerably longer periods exist.
Fawsitt (The Education of the Examiner, Royal Philosophical Society of Glasgow, 1905) shows that frequency-curves deduced from actual investigation of class-marks are not symmetrical, but have two maxima corresponding to the performance of " non-workers " and of " workers."
The different maxima differ considerably in brightness; thus in 1906 (the brightest maximum since 1779) the second magnitude was reached, but in other years (as in 1868) it has failed to reach the fifth magnitude.
Also, the period varies somewhat; the maxima occur sometimes early and sometimes late as compared with the mean period, but the difference is never more than forty days.
It differs from the Algol type in having two unequal minima separated by two equal maxima.
A large eccentricity also produces an unsymmetrical light variation, the minimum occurring at a time not midway between two maxima; stars of this character are called Cepheid variables, after the typical star S Cephei.
The fifth book contains properties of normals and their envelopes, thus embracing the germs of the theory of evolutes, and also maxima and minima problems, such as to draw the longest and shortest lines from a given point to a conic; the sixth book is concerned with the similarity of conics; the seventh with complementary chords and conjugate diameters; the eighth book, according to the restoration of Edmund Halley, continues the subject of the preceding book.
All details of the object so resolved are perceived, if two diffraction maxima can be passed through the objective, so that the character of the object is seen in the image, even if an exact resemblance has not yet been attained.
At least two successive diffraction maxima must be admitted through the objective for there to be any image of the objects.
In the subdivision of Gaul in the 4th century, Helvetia, with the territory of the Sequani and Rauraci, formed the Provincia Maxima Sequanorum, the chief town of which was Vesontio (Besancon).
Other important investigations relate to maxima and minima.
The second includes a "Method for the Quadrature of Parabolas," and a treatise "on Maxima and Minima, on Tangents, and on Centres of Gravity," containing the same solutions of a variety of problems as were afterwards incorporated into the more extensive method of fluxions by Newton and Leibnitz.
Mea culpa, mea maxima culpa ost religions have in common that they concern people's relations with god or with gods or spirits.
In the microcanonical ensemble the presence of a first-order phase transition is indicated by two maxima in the Landau entropy separated by a well.
Each interval contains either a minima or a maxima in the original signal.
The largest residuals occur toward the maxima and minima of the curve.
At KremsmunsterZolss (41) finds a considerable similarity between the diurnal variations in q and in the potential gradient, the hours of the forenoon and afternoon maxima being nearly the same in the two cases.
Newlands in England, that if they are arranged in the order of their atomic weights they fall into groups in which similar chemical and physical properties are repeated at periodic intervals; and in particular he showed that if the atomic weights are plotted as ordinates and the atomic volumes as abscissae, the curve obtained presents a series of maxima and minima, the most electro-positive elements appearing at the peaks of the curve in the order of their atomic weights.
This was followed, in the second volume of the Miscellanea Taurinensia (1762) by his "Essai d'une nouvelle methode pour determiner les maxima et les minima des formules integrales indefinies," together with the application of this important development of analysis to the solution of several dynamical problems, as well as to the demonstration of the mechanical principle of "least action."
It is known (see Spherical Harmonics) that The maxima of C occur when d Ji(z) _Ji'(z) J1(z) =o; z) z z2 or by (17 when J2(z) =0.
To the highest offices, including all persons of consular and praetorian rank, belonged the right of taking auspicia maxima; to the inferior offices of aedile and quaestor, the auspicia minora; the differences between these, however, must have been small.
Maxima Games created an exciting game called Electro the Robotic Puppy, where you help your robot dog compete and win medals.
In this attempt, reports state that Freeman overcorrected the 1997 Nissan Maxima, completely losing control of the car.
In the variety maxima, the fruits are larger and of a bluish color.
There are many varieties single and double, white and blue or purple among them, and worth a place-Daisy Hill moerheimi, Alba grandiflora maxima, Pallida grandiflora, and Felham Beauty, a handsome single blue, are the best.
Other species worth growing are C. americana, heterophylla, mandshurica, and maxima, with its very fine variety atropurpurea, and other forms, among them the varieties of cobs and filbert nuts grown for their fruits.
E. aegyptiaca, with silvery-white plumes, maxima, elegans, pilosa, amabilis, pellucida, capillaris, plumose, are all elegant annuals.
There are varieties of the common kind having, in some cases, larger flowers, and in others flowers of a deeper color, the finest being maxima, which is much superior in size of flower and richness of tint.
B. maxima is one of the handsomest, growing 12 to 18 inches high; may be sown in the open in March in any garden soil, is quite hardy and graceful while growing, and useful for decoration either green or dried.
A fine form is S. o. p. maxima, with lovely light rose blossoms as large as a shilling; while S. o. alba has white flowers, in pleasing contrast to other varieties.
Other showy annuals are Ce. sinuata and its variety maxima, Ce. macrantha, odorata, bistorta, Veitchiana, and Drummondi.
Maxima - A form found in Lake Hopatkong, New Jersey, growing in deep water, and supposed to be a wild cross between tuberosa and odorata.
The Nissan Maxima was up by thirty-three percent and the Versa rose three percent in sales for 2008.
On average, mid-range cars like the Nissan Maxima, weigh between 4,000 and 5,500 pounds.
When it first entered the market in 2009, the Genesis was in direct competition with cars like the Toyota Avalon and the Nissan Maxima.
About the time of the maxima there must be a longer tidal range (that is, a greater rise and fall than the average); the difference between neap tides and spring tides will also be increased, and as results of these conditions there must be great tidal floods breaking over lowlying coasts and producing extensive denudation.
Abbe showed that for the production of an image the diffraction maxima must lie within the exit pupil of the objective.