He has often been called the Voltaire of the East, and cried down as materialist and atheist.
As regards the first of these two main contentions, it must suffice here to point out the main difficulties in which a determinist and especially materialist account of the relation between consciousness and the organic processes which accompany it appears to be involved.
Science, says the materialist, proves that all known things are material phenomena.
So Avenarius (q.v.) was no materialist, but only an empiricist anxious to reclaim man's natural view of the world from philosophic incrustations; yet when his Empiriokriticismus ends in nothing but environment, nervous system, and statements dependent on them, without soul, though within experience, he comes near to materialism, as Wundt has remarked.
This leads to results which would in a loose and popular sense be called materialist.
Empedocles, Plato and Aristotle; Telesio, Bruno and Campanella; Leibnitz; the idealists, Schopenhauer and Hartmann, Fechner and Paulsen; and the materialist, Haeckel - all have agreed in according some sort of appetition to Nature.
While unequivocally rejecting the accepted creeds, and so scandalizing even liberal theologians, he was still more hostile to simply sceptical and materialist tendencies.
Yes, rejoins Lange, but Kant has proved that material are merely mental phenomena; so that the more the materialist proves his case the more surely he is playing into the hands of the idealist - an answer which would be complete if it did not turn on the equivocation of the word " phenomenon," which in science means any positive fact, and not a mere appearance, much less a mental appearance, to sense and sensory experience.
Within this essential co-ordination he distinguished three values: R-values of the environment as stimulus; C-values of the central nervous system; and E-values of human statements - the latter being characterized by that which at the time of its existence for the individual admits of being named, and including what we call sensations, &c., which depend indirectly on the environment and directly on the central nervous system, but are not, as the materialist supposes, in any way reducible to possessions of the brain or any other part of that system.
He is almost a materialist.
empiricism in the metaphysical system of Leibnitz, whose theory of self-determined monads can be understood only when taken in the light of the assertion of the rights of the subject against the substance of Spinoza and the atoms of the materialist.
If I was a materialist I would be making lots of money doing endorsements, doing cricket commentary.
This was established under a materialist conception of history.
These are western materialist consumerism, and its concomitant ideologies of the superiority of the new and the rejection of the old.
The new International is guided by the scientific theory of materialist dialectics, the theory of knowledge of Marxism.
Is it possible to provide a satisfactory account of such states using only the resources of a materialist functionalism?
This strange hybrid world, part idealist, part materialist.
ideologyare Western materialist consumerism, and its concomitant ideologies of the superiority of the new and the rejection of the old.
A materialist of the twelfth century could not believe it any more than a materialist of the twelfth century could not believe it any more than a materialist of the twentieth century.
The unions became increasingly sectarian, increasingly materialist, until they deserved as well as received their defeat at the hands of Margaret Thatcher.
Too bad for a " historical materialist " like you.
No one who disagrees with this claim is a serious and realistic materialist.
materialist dialectics, the theory of knowledge of Marxism.
materialist conception of history.
materialist standpoint '?
materialist philosophy leads to conclusions that you do not hold.
materialist explanations of change came to the fore.
materialist theory of history implies that there is no fixed human nature.
Using this argument it is possible to take a materialist stance whilst rejecting the implication of materialist monism that our minds are purely reactive.
Harsh materialist philosophy revolutionary truths are what need putting forward, -- constantly, -- regardless of who might feel offended.
The author views things from the idealist standpoint of a bourgeois democrat, not the materialist standpoint of a Social-Democrat.
In the 20th century, that monistic materialist worldview began to change.
Pessimism is naturally connected with materialist, optimism with idealist, views of life.
It appears also that Darwin, having extended his theory of evolution as far as the rational and moral nature of man, in the Descent of Man, ended in his Autobiography by declaring his attitude to first and final causes to be that of an agnostic. Not that he was a materialist, and shortly before his death, in a conversation with Buchner, he maintained his agnosticism against his opponent's atheism.
pp. 237-239) the following account: "When I reached intellectual maturity, and began to ask myself whether I was an atheist, a theist or a pantheist, a materialist or an idealist, a Christian or a freethinker, I found that the more I learned and reflected, the less ready was the answer.
consulted a Moslem free-thinker on the mysteries of the faith, when the phrase or legend of the " Three Impostors " presented in its most offensive form the scientific survey of the three laws of Moses, Christ and Mahomet, and when the characteristic doctrines of Averroes were misunderstood, it soon followed that his name became the badge of the scoffer and the sceptic. What had begun with the subtle disputes of the universities of Paris, went on to the materialist teachers in the medical schools and the sceptical men of the world in the cities of northern Italy.
I shall argue later on in this review that consciousness studies present a serious challenge to the materialist ontology of the sensate society.
If this seems like materialist darkness we must stride boldly into it.
Thus, by his enemies, Thorbecke was often held up to scorn as a pure materialist and no friend of the fine arts, because at a sitting of the states-general in 1862 he had said that it is not the duty of the state, nor in the true interest of art itself, for the government to "protect" art, since all state-aided art must be artificial, like any forced plant.
There is no logical connexion between this theory and the doctrine that appetite of desire has always pleasure (or the absence of pain) for its object; but a materialist, framing a system of psychology, will naturally direct his attention to the impulses arising out of bodily wants, whose obvious end is the preservation of the agent's organism; and this, together with a philosophic wish to simplify, may lead him to the conclusion that all human impulses are similarly self-regarding.
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