Maps Sentence Examples
Han had laid out a few maps on the table near his desk.
They had compared Martha's drawing to the contour maps of the area back at Bird Song and decided this was as close to the general area of the mine that any type of roadway touched.
This great work was begun in July 1708, and the completed maps were presented to the emperor in 1718.
One didn't keep maps of the location of witnesses they were hiding.
His eyes lingered on her before he moved toward the largest of the maps on the wall before him.Advertisement
The conquest by Venice in 1687 led to the publication of several works in that city, including the descriptions of De la Rue and Fanelli and the maps of Coronelli and others.
The glove compartment contained a registration in the name of World Wide Insurance Company and maps of the east coast states.
Over this country water-courses are shown on maps.
Bacon argued keenly on geographical matters and was a lover of maps, in which he observed and reasoned upon such resemblances as that between the outlines of South America and Africa.
We spent the balance of our time formulating what I should say to Merrill Cooms and pouring over Internet maps.Advertisement
That, and looking at maps.
Now the boys are out there doing the same damn thing—more maps!
There were rows of grey chairs and several white benches in the rear, a handful of tables next to yawning windows, and a wall of what looked like constellation maps.
A large drawer on the left side of the desk contained files on various branch offices of the company while the drawers on the right, three in all, contained blank paper, company circulars and a few maps.
Although very little of the coast belt is actually swampy, a kind of natural canalization connects many of the rivers at their mouths with each other, though some of these connecting creeks are as yet unmarked on maps.Advertisement
In 1598 Sebald de Wert, a Dutchman, visited them, and called them the Sebald Islands, a name which they bear on some Dutch maps.
Under the Venetian government Candia, a fortress originally built by the Saracens, and called by them " Khandax," became the seat of government, and not only rose to be the capital and chief city of the island, but actually gave name to it, so that it was called in the official language of Venice " the island of Candia," a designation which from thence passed into modern maps.
Bonaventura (1221-1274) was a diligent student of the Victorines, and in his Itinerarium mentis ad Deum maps.
The above remarks apply more particularly to topographic maps.
Distances such as these can be measured only on a topographical map of a fairly large scale, for on general maps many of the details needed for that purpose can no longer be represented.Advertisement
If contoured maps are available it is easy to build up a strata-relief, which facilitates the completion of the relief so that it shall be a fair representation of nature, which the strata-relief cannot claim to be.
Those in the Rudimentum novitiarum published at Lubeck in 1475 are from woodcuts, while the maps in the first two editions of Ptolemy published in Italy in 1472 are from copper plates.
Wood engraving kept its ground for a considerable period, especially in Germany, but copper in the end supplanted it, and owing to the beauty and clearness of the maps produced by a combination of engraving and etching it still maintains its ground.
The art of lithography greatly affected the production of maps.
Photographic processes have been utilized not only in reducing maps to a smaller scale, but also for producing stones and plates from which they may be printed.Advertisement
The manuscript maps intended to be produced by photographic processes upon stone, zinc or aluminium, are drawn on a scale somewhat larger than the scale on which they are to be printed, thus eliminating all those imperfections which are inherent in a pen-drawing.
MacClintock and others - have profited from rough maps drawn for them by Eskimos.
Far superior were the maps found among the semi-civilized Mexicans when the Spainiards first discovered and invaded their country.
Among them were cadastral plans of villages, maps of the provinces of the empire of the Aztecs, of towns and of the coast.
Prescott, History of the Conquest of Mexico, New 4 The great majority of the maps in this work are made by this process.
These were the first relief maps on record.
Lauth and other Egyptologists, and have been referred to as the two most ancient maps in existence.
They can, however, hardly be described as maps, while in age they are surpassed by several cartographical clay tablets discovered in Babylonia.
The maps referred to may have been Assyrian.
Circular maps, however, remained in the popular favour long after their erroneousness had been recognized by the learned.
Dicaearcus of Messana in Sicily, a pupil of Aristotle (326-296 B.C.), is the author of a topographical account of Hellas, with maps, of which only fragments are preserved; he is credited with having estimated the size of the earth, and, as far as known he was the first to draw a parallel across a map. 4 This parallel, or dividing line, called diaphragm (partition) by a commentator, extended due east from the Pillars of Hercules, through the Mediterranean, and along the Taurus and Imaus (Himalaya) to the eastern ocean.
The 26 special maps are drawn on a rectangular projection.
We learn from Cicero, Vitruvius, Seneca, Suetonius, Pliny and others, that the Romans had both general and topographical maps.
Their maps, however, seem to have met the practical requirements of political administration and of military undertakings.
We have to deal thus with three types of these early maps, viz.
The map or diagram of which Leonardo Dati in his poem on the Sphere (Della Spera) wrote in 1422 " un T dentre a uno 0 mostra it disegno " (a T within an 0 shows the design) is one of the most persistent types among the circular or wheel maps of the world.
T maps of more elaborate design illustrate the MS. copies of Sallust's Bellum jugurthinum; one of these taken from a codex of the 11th century in the Leipzig town library is shown in fig.
The outlines of several medieval maps resemble each other to such an extent that there can be no doubt that they are derived from the same original source.
Similar maps illustrating the Commentaries exist at St Sever (1050), Paris (1203), and Tunis; others are rectangular, the oldest being in Lord Ashburnham's library (970).
On the maps illustrating the encyclopaedic Liber floridus by Lambert, Lambert Liber flori dus 1120 FIG.
Both maps abound in miniature pictures of towns, animals, fabulous beings and other subjects.
Among countries represented on a larger scale on maps, Palestine not unnaturally occupies a prominent place in this age of pilgrimages and crusades (1095-1291).
The maps which accompany St Jerome's translation of the Onomasticon of St Eusebius (388).
Among more recent maps of Palestine, that by Petrus Vesconte (1320) is greatly superior to the earlier maps.
Further materials serviceable to the compilers of maps were supplied by numerous Arabian travellers and geographers, among FIG.
Masudi, who saw the maps in the Horismos or Rasm el Ard, a description of which was engraved for King Roger of Sicily upon a silver plate, or the rectangular map in 70 sheets which accompanies his geography (Nushat-ul Mushtat) take rank with Ptolemy's work.
These maps are based upon information collected during many years at the instance of King Roger.
None of these maps was graduated, which is all the Mediterranean they embody materials available even in the days before Ptolemy, while the correct delineation of the west seems to be of a later date, and may have been due to Catalan seamen.
Dulceti, 1339, and b, On Mercator's projection, according to modern maps.
The oldest of these maps which have been preserved, the socalled " Pisan chart," which belongs probably to the middle of the 13th century, and a set of eight charts, known by the name of its former owner, the Cavaliere Tamar Luxoro, of somewhat later date, are both the work of Genoese artists.
Among more eminent Genoese cartographers are Joannes da Carignano 1344), Petrus Vesconte, who worked in 1311 and 1327, and is the draughtsman of the maps illustrating Marino Sanuto's Liber secretorum fidelium crucis, which was to have roused Christendom to engage in another crusade (figs.
These maps were originally intended for the use of seamen navigating the Mediterranean and the coasts of the Atlantic, but in the course of time they were extended to the mainland and ultimately developed into maps of the whole world as then known.
Most of the expansions of Portolano maps into maps of the world are circular in shape, and resemble the wheel maps of an earlier period.
Jerusalem occupies the centre of these maps, Arab sources of information are largely drawn upon, while Ptolemy is neglected and contemporary travellers are ignored.
Far superior to these maps is Fra Mauro's map (1457), for the author has availed himself not only of the information collected by Marco Polo and earlier travellers, but *was able, by personal intercourse, to gather additional information from Nicolo de' Conti, who had returned from the east in 1440, and more especially from Abyssinians who lived in Italy at that time.
This version was first printed in 1475 at Vicenza, but its contents had become known through MS. copies before this, and their study influenced the construction of maps in two respects.
They led firstly to the addition of degree lines to maps, and secondly to the compilation of new maps of those countries which had been inadequately represented by Ptolemy.
Nicolaus Germanus, a monk of Reichenbach, in 1466 prepared a set of Ptolemy's maps on a new projection with converging meridians; and Paolo del Pozzo Toscanelli in 1474 compiled a new chart on a rectangular projection, which was to guide the explorer across the western ocean to Cathay and India.
Of the seven editions of Ptolemy which were published up to the close of the 15th century, all except that of Vicenza (1475) contained Ptolemy's 27 maps, while Francesco Berlinghieri's version (Florence 1478), and two editions published at Ulm (1482 and 1486), contained four or five modern maps in addition, those of Ulm being by Nicolaus Germanus.
Thus the Roman edition of 1507, edited by Marcus Benaventura and Joa Cota, contains 6 modern maps, and to these was added in 1508 Joh.
The Strassburg Ptolemy of 1513 has a supplement of as many as 20 modern maps by Martin Waldseemiiller or Ilacomilus, several among which are copied from Portuguese originals.
Kohl published facsimiles of the American section of the maps (Weimar, 1860).
In 1511 Waldseemuller published a large map of Europe, in 1513 he prepared his maps for the Strassburg edition of Ptolemy, and in 1516 he engraved a copy of Canerio's map of the world.
The Strassburg Ptolemy of 1522 contains Waldseemiiller's maps,' edited on a reduced scale by Laurentius Frisius, together with three additional ones.
The new maps of the Basel edition of 1540, twenty-one in number, are by Sebastian Munster; Jacob Gastaldo supplied the Venice edition of 1548 with 34 modern maps, and these with a few additions are repeated in Girolamo Ruscelli's Italian translation of Ptolemy published at Venice in 1561.
New maps of Spain and Portugal appeared in 1560, the former being due to Pedro de Medina, the latter to Fernando Alvarez Secco and Hernando Alvaro.
The cylindrical and modified conical projections of Marinus and Ptolemy were still widely used, the stereographical projection of Hipparchus, was for the first time employed for terrestrial maps in the 16th century, but new projections were introduced in addition to these.
This is illustrated by the four sketch maps shown in fig.
Such an error could never have arisen had the old compilers of maps taken the trouble to plan Marco Polo's routes.
Mercator's maps are carefully engraved on copper.
Latin letters are used throughout; the miniatures of older maps are superseded by symbols, and in the better-known countries the maps are fairly correct, but they fail lamentably when we follow their author into regions - the successful delineation of which depends upon critical combination of imperfect information.
It then contained 53 maps, by various authors.
By 1595 the number of maps had increased to 119, including a Parergon or supplement of 12 maps illustrating ancient history.
It was the first collection of marine maps, lived through many editions, was issued in several languages and became known as Charettier and Waggoner.
In no other country of Europe was there at the close of the 16th century a geographical establishment capable of competing with the Dutch towns or with Sanson, but the number of those who produced maps, in many instances based upon original surveys, was large.
These Dutch maps and charts are generally accompanied by descriptive notes or sailing directions printed on the back of them.
These corrected longitudes were not yet available for the maps produced by Nicolas Sanson of Abbeville, since 1627.
Tavernier and Mariette, and in many instances he mentioned the authors whose maps he copied.
By 1710 the maps published by the firm numbered 466.
The first maps illustrating the variation of the compass were published by Chris.
Bourguignon d'Anville, able to utilize in the compilation of their maps the information they acquired.
Delisle (1675-1726) published 98 maps, and although as works of art they were inferior to the maps of certain contemporaries, they were far superior to them in scientific value.
Altogether he published 211 maps, of which 66 are included in FIG.
On the maps of Delisle and d'Anville the ground is still represented by " molehills."
The compiler of maps of the present day enjoys many advantages not enjoyed by men similarly occupied a hundred years ago.
Mere outline maps, such as formerly satisfied the public, suffice no longer.
The titles of these atlases survive, though the authors of the original editions are long dead, and the maps have been repeatedly superseded by others bringing the information up to the date of publication.
Maps on that scale of a great part of Africa, Asia and America have been published by British, French, German and United States authorities.
Reliefs from printed maps were first produced.
The exaggeration in altitude, on these maps and on those of a later date and on a larger scale, was very considerable.
Among these may be mentioned Konrad Miller's Die ¢ltesten Weltkarten (Stuttgart, 1895-1897), which only deals with maps not influenced by the ideas of Ptolemy.
Coote's Remarkable Maps of the X Vth, X Vlth and X VIIth Centuries reproduced in their Original Size (Amsterdam, 1894-1897), and Bibliotheca lindesiana (London, 1898) with facsimiles of the Harleian and other Dieppese maps of the 16th century.
Stevenson's Maps Illustrating the early Discovery and Exploration of America, 1502-1530 (New Brunswick, N.J., 1906).
In addition to these collections, numerous single maps have been published in geographical periodicals or separately.
Even though the hill hachures on the older one-inch maps are not quite satisfactory, this deficiency is in a large measure compensated for by the presence of absolutely trustworthy contours.
Originally the maps were engraved on copper, and the progress of publication was slow; but since the introduction of modern processes, such as electrotyping (in 1840), photography (in 1855) and zincography (in 1859), it has been rapid.
Carefully revised editions of these and of the other maps are brought out at intervals of 15 years at most.
Since 1898 the department has also published maps on a smaller scale, viz.
On both these maps the hills are printed in grey chalk.
The earlier sheets of this excellent map were lithographed, but these are gradually being superseded by maps engraved on copper.
This applies more especially to the maps of Saxony (since 1879) and Wurttemberg (since 1893).
The features of the ground on most of these maps are shown by contours at intervals of 10 metres.
In Denmark, on the proposal of the Academy of Science, a survey was carried out in 1766-1825, but the maps issued by the Danish general staff depend upon more recent surveys.
Maps of the Faroer and of Iceland have likewise been issued.
For maps of the Balkan Peninsula we are still largely indebted to the rapid surveys carried on by Austrian and Russian officers.
There are good survey maps of the British colony of Hong-Kong, of Wei-hai-Wei and of the country around Kiao-chou, and the establishment of topographical offices at Peking and Ngan-king holds out some promise of native surveys.
A similar map has been in progress for Sumatra since 1883, while the maps for the remaining Dutch Indies are still based, almost exclusively, upon flying surveys.
Of Morocco there are many maps, among which several compiled by the French service geographique de 1'armee, including a Carte du Maroc (1;200,000), in progress since 1909.
These British possessions, together with the whole of Somaliland and southern Abyssinia, are satisfactorily represented on the maps of the British general staff.
Maps of the French Africa Colonies have been published by the service geographique de l'Afrique occidental and the service geographique des colonies.
Good maps of the Portuguese colonies are to be found in an Atlas colonial Portugues, a second edition of which was published by the Commissao de Cartographia in 1909.
There are likewise maps on smaller scales, which undergo frequent revision.
Powell, rightly conceived that it was necessary to produce good topographical maps before a geological survey could be pursued with advantage.
Colombia is but inadequately represented by rough maps.
Since that time, however, valuable maps have been published by an Oficina de mensura de tierras, by a seccion de geografia y minas connected with the department of public works, by the Oficina hidrografica, and more especially in connexion with surveys necessitated by the boundary disputes with Argentina, which were settled by arbitration in 1899 and 1902.
In Brazil little or nothing is done by the central government, but the progressive states of Sao Paulo and Mines Gerdes have commissaos geographicos e geologicos engaged in the production of topographical maps.
It need hardly be said that hydrographic surveys have been of great service to compilers of maps.
The inhabited districts are well laid down on the best maps; but the immense areas between and beyond them are mapped only along a few routes hundreds of miles apart.
After his superannuation at the Ecole des Mines he continued to superintend the issue of the detailed maps almost until his death, which occurred at Canon on the 21st of September 1874.
These usually dry sandy beds, which on many maps appear rivers of imposing length, for a few hours or days following rare but violent thunderstorms, are deep and turbulent streams. The northern system consists of the Nosob and its tributaries, the Molopo and the Kuruman.
The king's representatives were unable to draw the frontier line by reason of the imperfection of the maps then in existence, and he therefore directed a further survey.
The colouring of ordinary ethnographical maps is necessarily somewhat misleading.
Braun and Hogenberg's map was published in 1572-1573, and the so-called Agas's map was probably produced soon afterwards, and was doubtless influenced by the publication of Braun and Hogenberg's excellent engraving; Norden's maps of London and Westminster are dated 1593.
Some of these maps were pasted upon walls, and must have been largely destroyed by ordinary wear and tear.
By the help of these maps we are able to obtain a clear notion of the extent and chief characteristics of Tudor London.
The cost of these two marches in the year was very considerable, and, having been suspended in 1528 on account of the prevai 1 " A map of London engraved on copper-plate, dated 1497," which was bought by Ferdinand Columbus during his travels in Europe about 1518-1525, is entered in the catalogue of Ferdinand's books, maps, &c., made by himself and preserved in the Cathedral Library at Seville, but there is no clue to its existence.
One is in the Guildhall Library, and the other among the Pepysian maps in Magdalene College, Cambridge.
The maps show us much that remains somewhat the same as it was, but also much that has greatly altered.
On many maps it is marked as the Bahr-el-Arab, a designation also used as an alternative name for the Lol l another tributary of the Ghazal, which eventually unites with the Bahr-el-Homr. The Bahr-el-Homr in its lower reaches was in 1906 completely blocked by sudd, and then brought no water into the Bahr-el-Ghazal.
In the 16th-century maps the name is variously rendered St Bernardo, Bernados, Barbudoso, Barnodos and Barnodo.
It contains numerous illustrations; maps of the routes of the ancient aqueducts and the city of Rome in the time of Frontinus; a photographic reproduction of the only MS. (the Monte Cassino); several explanatory chapters, and a concise bibliography, in which special reference is made to P. d Tissot, E tude sur la condition des agrimensores (1879).
He also wrote a Description of the World illustrated by maps, in which was probably included his Measurements of Mountains.
Cave introduced the practice of giving engravings, maps and portraits, but his greatest success was the addition of Samuel Johnson to the regular staff.
See also the Post Office Directory, Transvaal (Johannesburg, annually), which contains specially prepared maps, and the annual reports of the Johannesburg chamber of commerce.
Thus it was that a great South Land appeared on the maps, the belief in the prodigious extension of which certainly received a severe shock by Abel Tasman's voyage of circumnavigation, but was only overthrown after Cook's great voyages had proved that any southern land which existed could not extend appreciably beyond the polar circle.
The first sufficient explorations for cartographical record were made by John Smith in 1614, and his map was long the basis - particularly in its nomenclature - of later maps.
After some exploration of the coast they made a permanent landing on the 21st of December 1620 (N.S.) at Plymouth, a harbour which had already been so named by John Smith in his maps of 1614 and 1616.
He also wrote essays and prepared maps on the geology of Seine et Marne and Seine et Oise for the Geological Survey of France (1844).
His mathematical writings, which account for some forty entries in the Royal Society's catalogue of scientific papers, cover a wide range of subjects, such" s the theory of probabilities, quadratic forms, theory of integrals, gearings, the construction of geographical maps, &c. He also published a Traite de la theorie des nombres.
Its industries include wool-weaving and spinning, dyeing, iron-founding, the manufacture of cotton and silk goods, machinery, sewing machines and machine oil, leather and tobacco, and printing (books and maps) and flower gardening.
Through an error, in many recent maps and Assyriological publications Eridu is described as located in the alluvial plain, between the Tigris and the Euphrates.
These, which are described in separate articles, helped to maintain the tradition of an earthly paradise which had become associated with the myth of Atlantis; and all except Avalon were marked in maps of the 14th and 15th centuries, and formed the object of voyages of discovery, in one case (St Brendan's island) until the 18th century.
Ransome, Geology and Gold Deposits of the Cripple Creek District, Colorado, with maps (Washington, 5906), being Professional Paper No.
In 1873 he published an important contribution to science, a map and paper in which he proved that the existing maps of Asia entirely misrepresented the physical formation of the country, the main structural lines being in fact from south-west to north-east, not from north to south, or from east to west as had been previously supposed.
The best maps are that of the Bureau of American Republics (1903), and, for physical features, that of Col.
One of his most important publications was La Geographie du moyen age (5 vols., Brussels, 1852-1857), with an atlas (1849) of fifty plates entirely engraved by himself, for he rightly attached such importance to the accuracy of his maps that he would not allow them to be executed by any one else.
The volume is interspersed, far more extensively and richly than any other treatise on the war, with reproductions of contemporary plans, maps, documents, portraits and prints.
The moraines are of too small relief to be shown on any maps but those of the largest scale; yet small as they are, they are the chief relief of the prairie states, and, in association with the nearly imperceptible slopes of the till plains, they determine the course of many streams and rivers, which as a whole are consequent upon the surface form of the glacial deposits.
The library of the episcopal palace, built between 1694 and 1701, possesses the oldest maps of Bohemia made in 1518 by Nicolaus Claudianus of Jung-Bunzlau.
Among other educational institutions are a conservatory of music, school of fine arts, normal school, a national library with upwards of 260,000 volumes and a large number of manuscripts, maps, medals and coins, the national observatory on Castle Hill, the national museum now domiciled in the Sao Christovao palace in the midst of a pretty park, a zoological garden in the suburb of Villa Isabel, and the famous Botanical Garden founded by Dom Joao VI.
There are no true mountain ranges in Maranhao, those indicated on the maps being only plateau escarpments marking either its northern margin or the outlines of river valleys.
The name has remained attached to the island from the earliest historical times with but little interruption of the tradition; though in Brompton's travels (12th century) and in the old Venetian maps we find it called Fale or Val de Compar, and at a later date it not unfrequently appears as Little Cephalonia.
He was supposed to have died on the Afghan frontier in 1825 on his second journey; but if Huc's story is true he reached Lhasa in 1826, and did not leave it till 1838, being assassinated on his homeward journey, when maps and drawings were found on him, and his identity was for the first time suspected by the Tibetans.
The results of this exploration were a large number of maps and a report of great scientific importance.
His careful and detailed maps, lake soundings, hydrographic, geological, meteorological and other investigations gave him the highest rank among modern explorers.
The name Guinea is found on maps of the middle of the 14th century, but it did not come into general use in Europe till towards the close of the 15th century.'
It consists of two large volumes, with 240 illustrations and maps.
The Alps, therefore, are not composed of a single range (as shown on the old maps) but of a great " divide," flanked on either side by other important ranges, which, however, do not comprise such lofty peaks as the main watershed.
All the countries which include Alpine districts have now issued official Government maps.
The Bureau has a library of some 15,000 volumes, and publishes numerous handbooks, pamphlets and maps, in addition to its monthly Bulletins.
A figure of Atlas supporting the heavens is often found as a frontispiece in early collections of maps, and is said to have been first thus used by Mercator.
Three others - "Valladolid" of about 1035, "Madrid" of 1047, and "London" of 1109 - are derivatives of the "Valcavado-Ashburnham" of 970; the eighth, "Paris II," is connected, though not very intimately, with "St Sever," otherwise "Paris I"; the ninth and tenth, "Gerona" and "Paris III," belong to the Turin group of Beatus maps.
But in the " Drift " maps many other types of deposit are indicated, such, for instance, as the ordinary modern alluvium of rivers, and the older river terraces (River-drift of various ages), including gravels, brickearth and loam; old raised sea beaches and blown-sand (Aeolian-drift); the " Head " of Cornwall and Devon, an angular detritus consisting of stones with clay or loam; clay-with-flints, rainwash (landwash), scree and talus; the " Warp," a marine and estuarine silt and clay of the Humber; and also beds of peat and diatomite.
He tells how, when he had slowly taken in the doctrine of logical figures and moods, he put it aside and would prove things only in his own way; how he then heard about bodies as consisting of matter and form, as throwing off species of themselves for perception, and as moved by sympathies and antipathies, with much else of a like sort, all beyond his comprehension; and how he therefore turned to his old books again, fed his mind on maps and charts of earth and sky, traced the sun in his path, followed Drake and Cavendish girdling the main, and gazed with delight upon pictured haunts of men and wonders of unknown lands.
Maps of the country on the scale of i.10o,o-Go and ?zeToTi are published by the War Office.
It was circumnavigated by one of their vessels in 1525, and the general outline of the coasts is correctly given in their maps at a time when separate portions of Celebes, such as Macassar and Menado, are represented as distinct islands.
It is doubtful whether Rapanui was discovered by Davis in 1686, though it is sometimes marked Davis Island on maps.
The maps of Ecuador, which are very defective, usually describe its territory as extending eastward to the Brazilian frontier, but as Peru is in actual occupation of the region east of Huiririma-chico, on the Napo river, 31 degrees west of that frontier, those maps cannot be considered correct.
At the end of 1845 they returned home, and the results of the expedition, consisting of casts, drawings and squeezes of inscriptions and scenes, maps and plans collected with the utmost thoroughness, as well as antiquities and papyri, far surpassed expectations.
Many subsequent attempts were made at the North-West Passage from 1576 to 1616, which have left on our modern maps the imperishable names of Frobisher, Davis, Hudson and Baffin.
Cooke & Sons of York, has been employed by Franklin Adams for making his maps of the sky.
In old maps of south-east Africa, derived originally from Portuguese and from Dutch sources, an extensive region on the Cuama or Zambezi and to the south of it is styled regnum monomotapae.
Most of the Cambrian rocks were coloured as Silurian on the British official geological maps.
The Library of Congress contains more than 1,800,00o volumes and 100,000 manuscripts, and large collections of maps and pieces of music. In the library of the State Department are 70,000 volumes of documents.
Ptolemy gives maps of European and Asiatic Sarmatia.
Bogusla y skiy, The Volga as a Means of Communication (Russian, 1887), with detailed profile and maps; Peretyatkovich, Volga Region in the 15th and 16th Centuries (1877); and Lender, Die Wolga (1889).
Contourlines of this character are marked upon most modern maps of small areas and upon all government survey and military maps at varying intervals according to the scale of the map.
The Taytao peninsula, incorrectly called the Tres Montes on some maps, is a westward projection of the mainland, with which it is connected by the narrow isthmus of Ofqui, over which the natives and early missionaries were accustomed to carry their boats between the Moraleda Channel and Gulf of Penas.
The large number of English names on this coast is due to the fact that the earliest detailed survey of this region was made by English naval officers; the charts prepared from their surveys are still in use and form the basis of all subsequent maps.
Several Chinese memoirs of this kind appear to have perished; and especially to be regretted is a great collection of the works of travellers to India, religious and secular, in sixty books, with forty more of maps and illustrations, published at the expense of the emperor Kao-Tsung of the T'ang dynasty, A.D.
Prince Henry placed at the disposal of his captains the vast resources of the Order of Christ, the best information and the most accurate instruments and maps which could be obtained.
The survey executed by Petty was, somewhat whimsically, called the "Down Survey," because the results were set down in maps; it is called by that name in Petty's will.
The maps, some of which were injured by a fire in 1711, are preserved in the Public Record Office, Dublin.
Although it is certain that the four great geographical landmarks which to-day serve to keep Hudson's memory alive, namely the Hudson Bay, Strait, Territory and River, had repeatedly been visited and even drawn on maps and charts before he set out on his voyages, yet he deserves to take a very high rank among northern navigators for the mere extent of his discoveries and the success with which he pushed them beyond the limits of his predecessors.
The study of the scenery of England and Wales as a whole, or the study of orographical and geological maps of the country, allows a broad distinction to be drawn between the types of land-forms in the west and in the east.
For ordinary detailed work the best series of maps is found in Bartholomew's Survey Atlas of England and Wales (Edinburgh Geographical Institute, 1903), which, besides small distributional, physical and other maps and letterpress, contains a magnificent series of colouredcontour maps on the scale of z in.
Baker, " List of Charts, Maps, and Publications relating to Alaska," in United States Pacific Coast Pilot, 1879; Monthly Catalogue United States Public Documents, No.
He has left dated notes and drawings made at most of the stations we have named, besides a set of six large-scale maps drawn minutely with his own hand, and including nearly the whole territory of the Maremma, Tuscany and Umbria between the Apennines and the Tyrrhene Sea.
But the maps and surveys for the railway were given to the war office, and proved most useful to Lord Wolseley in his Nile expedition.
Commander Whitehouse's work led to considerable modification of the previously accepted maps.
Still better was the reception of his admirable Maps of England in the First Thirteen Centuries (1870).
Such "cartouches" are used for titles, &c,, on engravings of maps, plans, and the like.
We hear also of one Master Peter, who inscribed and illuminated maps for the infante; the mathematician Pedro Nunes declares that the prince's mariners were well taught and provided with instruments and rules of astronomy and geometry "which all map-makers should know"; Cadamosto tells us that the Portuguese caravels in his day were the best sailing ships afloat; while, from several matters recorded by Henry's biographers, it is clear that he devoted great attention to the study of earlier charts and of any available information he could gain upon the trade-routes of north-west Africa.
The work of drawing up a detailed description of the lunar surface, and laying its features down on maps, has from time to time occupied telescopic observers.
The island is mentioned by several of the early Arabic writers and geographers, but medieval maps show curious ignorance of its size and position.
That day being the feast of St Lawrence, Madagascar was named the " Isle of St Lawrence," and retained that name on all maps and charts for a hundred years.
Many of the volumes consist of coloured lithograph plates illustrating the natural history of the country, as well as atlases of maps from the earliest period.
From 1820 to 1827 he served in the army, where his drawing and military maps attracted the attention of the king, and he soon attained the rank of captain.
Their proceedings were very cautious and tentative; they excited the curiosity and interest of even the more intelligent Chinese by their clocks, their globes and maps, their books of European engravings, and by Ricci's knowledge of mathematics, including dialling and the projection of maps.
Among the scientific works which Ricci took into China was a set of maps, which at first created great interest, but afterwards disgust when the Chinese came to perceive the insignificant place assigned to the "Middle Kingdom," thrust, as it seemed, into a corner, instead of being set in the centre of the world like the gem in a ring.
But the maps deceived Grant and Sherman as they had previously deceived Rosecrans.
It has been recognized, as shown in the maps of MM.
Since the publication of the maps by de Margerie and Schrader it has been shown that the phenomena of "recouvrement" play almost as large a part in the Pyrenees as in the Alps themselves.
Stielers Handatlas (Gotha, 1907) contains the best maps for general use.
Consult also P. C. Meyer, Erforschungsgeschichte and Staatenbildungen des Westsudan (Gotha, 1897), an admirable summary with bibliography and maps; Karl Kumm, The Sudan (London, 1907); Lady Lugard, A Tropical Dependency (London, 1905); and the bibliographies given under the various countries named.
This beautiful tract of country until recent years was comparatively little known to the tourist, but a club (Spessart Klub) through the establishment of finger-posts and the issue of maps, has indicated the more interesting tours to be followed.
The marine surveys of these islands are still meagre and unsatisfactory, but the whole of the Nicobars and outlying islands were surveyed topographically by the Indian Survey Department in 1886-1887, when a number of maps on the scale of 2 in.
The only civil function of the parish clerk remaining in 1894 was the custody of maps and documents, required to be deposited with him under standing orders of parliament before certain public works were begun.
In former times when maps were rare it was usual to make a formal perambulation of the parish boundaries on Ascension day or during Rogation week.
Three walls were covered with digital maps, the fourth with a blank projection screen.
Now the boys are out there doing the same damn thingâ€”more maps!
Previous models have shown how the tilt aftereffect can be explained through adaptation of lateral interactions between neurons in visual maps.
Model-based linkage disequilibrium unit (LDU) maps appear robust to marker density and consistently influenced by marker allele frequency.
A special class of such systems are Hamiltonian flows and their discrete analog, symplectic maps.
A*C*G maps are tools to describe the effect of planetary angularity upon the earth for a given moment of time.
Updated Maps The deadline for records included in the provisional Atlas was the end of 2000.
Esso appears to have abandoned sheet maps, but did issue a special value softback Atlas in 2000.
Not too bad a piece of work by Munro in 1891, using existing maps and aneroid barometer!
In addition the site includes texts and browseable maps and also offers free online registration to access advanced services, including a personal bookshelf.
But not all blind people know Braille, so audio-taped descriptions are also very useful to support tactile diagrams, maps and pictures.
It represents almost all samples of China maps produced by European cartographers from the 16th to 19th centuries.
All these 1960s Shell maps used cartography by Hallwag.
Several recent scholars of early modern cartography have noted the close association of maps with the studies in which writers imagine them being consumed.
We have a fairly chaotic process for choosing names of maps.
Its ultra-sharp color screen displays maps with unprecedented clarity.
It does something clever with Google maps to create a map where visitors to your site are logged.
This all seemed to fit with what was already known, albeit using maps with a relatively coarse Most to Least marking.
Alternatively, the absorption coefficient maps can be calculated based on an adequate model of the sample.
A former confidante of Ferdinand Marcos, Curtis possessed copies of the 172 treasure maps made by Japanese cartographers.
The main driving force in China to survey and draw maps was often for military reasons but also for problems such as water conservancy.
Then = n (f g ). In other words, the discrete Fourier transform maps convolution to pointwise multiplication.
Maps are equally uncommon from gasoline stations associated other European agricultural co-ops.
Consequently, relying entirely on maps (rather than guide books) can sometimes pose problems for off-road cyclists.
Bladder maps are made at the time of resection and at 3 month check cystoscopy and compared.
Maps, diagrams and photographs are used to describe the movement of the glacier and the glacial deposits.
It is however normally necessary to follow the route descriptions provided together with the maps.
Reproducibility was defined as the median deviation across the seven maps divided by the median T 1 value in the region of interest.
Consider the use of mind maps or simplified diagrams.
Building mental maps, concept maps, spray or spider diagrams Prioritizing key points for each section of a topic.
The proteins were cleaved by chemical or enzymatic digestion to produce peptide maps, which were analyzed by pulsed delayed extraction MALDI-MS.
If, however, you want topographical maps of say the Italian dolomite hiking trails then availability of digital maps is a problem.
Hardback, illustrated endpapers, 165 color photographs plus 50 color maps.
Black cloth stamped in silver, color endpaper maps.
In addition to images, maps, and diary excerpts, you'll find biographical essays about the intrepid travelers.
Travel Spain Visitors guide to Spain, including useful maps, main attractions, and Spanish fiestas.
Figure 3.19 - Difference maps showing difference between surfaces interpolated in each of the four profile directions and the original surface fractal.
Every car we do is CUSTOM mapped, we do not believe in using generic off the shelf maps as some tuning companies do.
The maps provided are the best available estimates of seismic hazards in Lebanon and are recommended for use in risk assessment.
A visual map is an essentially hierarchical two-dimensional graphical representation that is similar to other common representations variously called idea maps or brain maps.
They have a large hippocampus, the part of the brain that stores mental maps.
With the maps unfolded on the table our morning's cycling looks hopeless.
In this article, we describe an approach to generating peptide maps by limited acid hydrolysis.
The contents include text, maps and a number of other miscellaneous illustrations.
Maps of the roads in the area are grossly inaccurate.
These include outdoor leisure laminated maps, ordnance maps, cycle, walking and touring guides.
As individual elements we choose piecewise linear or smooth maps, and compare results obtained in both cases.
The pages are accompanied by excellent line drawings by Steve Cale and maps by Andy Lawrence.
To see detailed maps, click here or to find constituencies by postcode, try clicking here.
You need to be able to follow os maps.
The official title plan is based on the large-scale maps of the Ordnance Survey.
The License does not permit the reproduction of os maps for consultancy or commercial purposes, or the scanning of paper OS maps.
Combining rasters allows you to merge the contents of two existing raster maps to create a new one.
Miscellaneous supplies include water, maps, captured enemy materiel, and salvage materiel.
These maps are assessed for significantly modulated voxels using a Gaussian Mixture Model for the distribution of intensity values.
Difference density maps were used to locate the ordered solvent molecules, which were included in the refinement.
Soap Cove, unnamed on the maps, is a geologists ' paradise containing a wild multiplicity of rock types.
Make them catch a train or walk because they cant read maps and only nag.
Use them for backgrounds, pattern fills, web graphics, reflection maps, texture wraps around 3D objects and much more.
We address these objectives by producing albedo maps, and reflection and emission spectra, and observing stellar occultations.
The hood went cleanly and the air blast swept in, sucking his maps and other loose oddments out of the cockpit.
The maps are not always so open-ended, tho, and you can and will run into arbitrary borders if you try to.
Prior to the large scale ordnance maps, there was a careful survey of the parish for the 1841 Tithe Award.
These maps are then overprinted with trenches or other detail.
We have seen many maps showing how oil could be obtained from central Asia or Russia, bypassing the Arabian peninsula.
No genetic maps were given on the constructs or the plasmids used, nor whether any plasmid sequences are integrated into the transgenic plants.
Ian's final contribution is route maps for the forest routes, which are to prove priceless later on.
There are also primary documents, biographies, interactive maps and an examination of how the media covered the war.
Where can I obtain maps showing the areas of the country affected by radon.
Plan your route before you leave home and carry road maps with you.
Click here for maps showing freshwater scarcity in Africa and the World at large.
However, many scots would draw the line elsewhere - see maps above.
His maps on the distribution of carbonates, siliceous deposits and manganese nodules form the basis of understanding oceanic sedimentology.
It includes seismicity and seismic hazard maps, information on historical and recent earthquakes, and links to USGS fact sheets and geological information.
From the left, the first map is a small format booklet listing service stations with seven pages of maps at the back.
It is not only African shantytowns that don't appear on urban maps.
Earlier maps (and later ones that continued to show an unbroken terrace) are probably too small-scale to show the gap.
The combined analysis of surface measurements, balloon soundings, direct observations, weather maps, and satellite images completed the data base.
In this particular case, the analysis is applied to elemental dot maps produced by scanning electron microscopy coupled with energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy.
Whether used by crusader, pilgrim or cleric, these maps provided spiritual rather than geographical guidance.
Program GRAB is used to perform the necessary subtraction of the maps in order to calculate the differences.
A set of local ordnance survey maps is an awkward tool for discovering the quickest way from Boston to Manchester.
Remember that " cell " maps will obey crystal symmetry and unit cell repeats; " work " maps do not.
He describes in a book how he caught numerous big tarpon on a river whose name no longer exists on Cuban maps.
Additional categories include selected secondary resources, medieval legal history, maps, images, films and music, and newly translated texts.
He amassed a remarkably thorough and varied collection of explorers ' accounts, geographic works, and maps for his personal library.
Abnormal loads Information for commercial drivers including local freight transport maps.
The props on Comer's desk include period pipes, maps, and a walrus tusk.
As Italian gasoline retailing became increasingly unprofitable, several companies started co-producing maps with firms outside the sector.
The genealogies, charts, maps, languages, and deliberately convoluted historical notes do not exist in order to lend verisimilitude to Middle-earth.
Exposure maps from a real observation were used for added verisimilitude.
As long as 6,000 years ago Chaldean Priests used watchtowers to make maps of the sky.
There is no consistency between maps of different regions, and as a ' navigation tool ' they are essentially worthless.
Allowed TfL to become involved in a futile and wasteful copyright wrangle with LCC over the LCN maps.
It is not surprising, therefore, that comparatively little of the rainfall over the vast extent of the great central plain ever reaches the sea by way of the river systems; indeed these systems as usually shown on the maps leave a false impression as to the actual condition of things.
Arnheim Land, a portion of the Northern Territory, still appears on many maps as a memento of this voyage.
From these surveys were constructed the well-known maps which were forwarded to Duhalde, and which D'Anville utilized for his atlas.
On large-scale maps it is necessary to show two coast-lines, one for the highest, the other for the lowest tide; but in small-scale maps a single line is usually wider than is required to Coast- represent the whole breadth of the inter-tidal zone.
There is, however, a tendency for people to remain rooted to the 2 See maps of density of population in Bartholomew's great largescale atlases, Atlas of Scotland and Atlas of England.
Reichenow, two maps with much detail, although badly arranged, in Berghaus' Physikalischer Atlas, pt.
Consequently the territory of Liberia as thus demarcated is rather larger than it would appear on the uncorrected English maps of 1907 - about 41,000 sq.
Lastly, a collection of maps is called an atlas, after the figure of Atlas, the Titan, supporting the heavens, which ornamented the title of Lafreri's and Mercator's atlases in the 16th century.
Bartholomew of Edinburgh; (2) political maps, showing political boundaries; (3) ethnological maps, illustrating the distribution of the varieties of man, the density of population, &c.; (4) travel maps, showing roads or railways and ocean-routes (as is done by Philips' " Marine Atlas "), or designed for the special use of cyclists or aviators; (5) statistical maps, illustrating commerce and industries; (6) historical maps; (7) maps specially designed for educational purposes.
In adopting a scale for their maps, cartographers will do well to choose a multiple of loon if possible, for such a scale can claim to be international, while in planning an atlas they ought to avoid a needless multiplicity of scales.
The hypsographical map facilitates likewise the determination of the mean height of a country, and this height, combined with the area, the determination of volume, or cubic contents, is a simple matter.2 Relief Maps are intended to present a representation of the ground which shall be absolutely true to nature.
History Of Cartography A capacity to understand the nature of maps is possessed even by peoples whom we are in the habit of describing as " savages."
These maps existed, as a matter of course, before such an index could be compiled, but it is doubtful whether the maps in our available manuscript, which are attributed to Agathodaemon, are copies of Ptolemy's originals or have been compiled, after their loss, from this index.
It is shown likewise upon a number of maps which illustrate the Commentaries on the Apocalypse, by Beatus, a Benedictine monk of the abbey of Valcavado at the foot of the hills of Liebana in Asturia (776).
There existed, no doubt, special maps of European countries, but the only documents of that description are two maps of Great Britain, the one of the 12th century, the other by Matthew of Paris, the famous historiographer of the monastery of St Albans (1236-1259).1 Celestial globes were known in the time of Bede; they formed part of the educational apparatus of the monastic schools.
For maps of Switzerland we are indebted to Konrad Tiirst (1495-1497), Johann Stumpf (1548) and Aegidius Tschudi (1538).
Many of the local maps, too, were excellent specimens of cartography, but when we follow any cartographer of the period into regions the successful delineation of which depended upon an intelligent interpretation of itineraries, and of information collected by recent travellers, they are generally found to fail utterly.
The " Atlas " was only published after Mercator's death, in 1595 It only contained nine maps, but after the plates had been sold to Jodocus (Jesse) Hondius the number of maps was rapidly increased, although Mercator's name was retained.
John Walker, to whose initiative the charts published by the admiralty are indebted for the perspicuous, firm and yet artistic execution, which facilitate their use by the mariner, was also the author of the maps published by the Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge (1829-1840).
Ziegler's hypsometric maps (1856) or so-called " relief maps," which attempt to delineate the ground so as to give the impression of a relief, are generally preferred.
Great Britain has likewise taken the lead in those deep-sea explorations which reveal to us the configuration of the sea-bottom, and enable us to construct charts of the ocean bed corresponding to the contoured maps of dry land yielded by topographical surveys.
Maps of sufficiently trust- M worthy accuracy show that in the If th century ove en Tokyo Bay penetrated much more deeply in a northern direction than it does now; the point where the citys main river (Sumida or Arakawa) enters the sea was considerably to the north of its present position, and low-lying districts, to-day thickly populated, were under water.
Modern orometry has introduced the calculation of the mean angle of the slope of a given uneven surface provided that maps can be prepared showing equidistant contour lines.
A similar change in the contour lines may result from the substitution of lines in fathoms for those originally drawn in metres, and hence it is extremely desirable that specific names should only be given to such features as are pronounced enough to appear on maps drawn with either unit.
The principal ranges in the system are the Nien-chen-tang-la, called Kanchung-gangri in the west, the Targo-Gangri-Lapchung range, the very lofty Hlunpo-Gangri range, the Dingla range, &c. The whole system had been marked by inference on some maps before Hedin's discoveries, and named Gangri; Hedin proposed for it the name of Trans-Himalaya.
The name is hence applied to a volume of maps (see MAP), and similarly to a volume which contains a tabular conspectus of a subject, such as an atlas of ethnographical subjects or anatomical plates.