How to use Manure in a sentence
They actually had some horse manure boxed up and ready to ship.
Have manure put up in heaps and mixed with earth."
The discovery of the uses of the bare fallow and of manure, by making it possible to raise crops from the same area for an indefinite period, marks a stage of progress.
Add in some well rotted cow manure and mix the soil up well.
Other industries are the manufacture of cellulose, artificial manure, flour and malt; and there are saw-mills, iron foundries and breweries in the town.Advertisement
Both the quantity and the quality of the produce, and consequently its feeding value, must depend greatly upon the selection of the best description of roots to be grown, and on the character and the amount of the manures, and especially on the amount of nitrogenous manure employed.
Its industrial establishments include factories for tobacco, cloth, matches, leather, artificial manure, besides breweries and distilleries.
The most suitable soil is a light, sandy loam enriched with well decomposed manure, in a rather moist situation.
The chief industries of Grimsby are shipbuilding, brewing, tanning, manufactures of ship tackle, ropes, ice for preserving fish, turnery, flour, linseed cake, artificial manure; and there are saw mills, bone and corn mills, and creosote works.
Although good crops may follow the application of lime, the latter is not a direct fertilizer or manure and is no substitute for such.Advertisement
The willows are cut at the first indication of the sap rising and "couched" in rotten peelings and soil at a slight angle, the butts being on the ground, which should be strewn with damp straw from a manure heap. The tops are covered lightly with rotted peelings and by periodical application of water, fermentation is induced at the bottom, heat is engendered, the leaves force their way through the covering and peeling may begin.
Frequently the captures are so large that the fish can be used as manure only.
Its industries include iron and steel works, breweries, distilleries and brickyards, and the manufacture of starch, sugar, malt, machinery and artificial manure.
There is a small dock, and phosphate of lime is extensively dug in the neighbourhood and exported for use as manure.
The soil should be a light and fairly rich compost, comprising about 2 parts loam, I part decayed manure or horse droppings that have been thoroughly sweetened, I part leaf mould and half a part of sand.Advertisement
Large quantities of seaweed as well as lime and marl are available for manure.
The pyrethrum grows best in soil of a loamy texture; this should be well manured and deeply trenched up before planting, and should be mulched in the spring by a surface dressing of half-decayed manure.
The industrial establishments comprise cotton, flax and flour mills, sawmills, tanneries, salt and soap works, breweries, chemical manure and engineering works.
Dredging, however, is prosecuted, the sand being sent inland, being useful as a manure through the carbonate of lime with which it is impregnated.
The success of his association of chemistry with botany is shown by the fact that soil has been made to bear wheat without intermission for upwards of half a century without manure.Advertisement
The chief imports are Baltic timber, coal, salt and manure; and the exports, manufactured goods, grain, potatoes and slates.
The chief industries are coal-mining, iron-founding, pipe, fire-brick, chemical manure and bottle manufactures.
So far as practical gardening is concerned, feeding by the roots after they have been placed in suitable soil is confined principally to the administration of water and, under certain circumstances, of liquid or chemical manure; and no operations demand more judicious management.
Artificial heat applied to the roots, called by gardeners " bottom-heat," is supplied by fermenting materials such as stable manure, leaves, &c., or by hot-water pipes.
Wherever the soil is not quite suitable, but is capable of being made so, it is best to remedy the defect at the outset by trenching it all over to a depth of 2 or 3 ft., incorporating plenty of manure with it.Advertisement
Many gardeners are still afraid to disturb an unsuitable subsoil, but experienced growers have proved that by bringing it up to the surface and placing plenty of manure in the bottoms of the various trenches, the very best results are attained in the course of a season or so.
When there is a hard pan this should be broken up with the spade or the fork, and have plenty of manure mixed with it.
Leaf-mould is eminently suited for the growth of many freegrowing plants, especially when it has been mixed with stable manure and has been subjected to fermentation for the formation of hot beds.
For quick growing plants, however, as for example most annuals cultivated in pots, such as balsams, cockscombs, globe-amaranths and the like, for cucumbers, and for young soft-wooded plants generally, it is exceedingly useful, both by preventing the consolidation of the soil and as a manure.
This manure is best fitted for garden use when in a moderately fermented state.
Horse dung is generally the principal ingredient in all hot bed manure; and, in its partially decomposed state, as afforded by exhausted hot beds, it is well adapted for garden use.
Night-soil is an excellent manure for all bulky crops, but requires to be mixed with earth or peat, or coal-ashes, so as both to deodorize it and to ensure its being equally distributed.
Malt-dust is an active manure frequently used as a top-dressing, especially for fruit trees in pots.
Bones are employed as a manure with decided advantage both to vegetable crops and to fruit trees, as well as to flowers.
For turnips bone manure is invaluable.
Guano is a valuable manure now much employed, and may be applied to almost every kind of crop with decided advantage.
Pigeon dung approaches guano in its power as manure.
Liquid manure, consisting of the drainings of dung-heaps, stables, cowsheds, &c., or of urine collected from dwelling houses or other sources, is a most valuable and powerful stimulant, and can be readily applied to the roots of growing plants.
The price, however, is generally so high that its use is practically nil, except in small doses as a liquid manure for choice pot plants.
The value of wood ashes as a manure very much depends upon the carbonate and other salts of potash which they contain.
Gas lime, after it has been exposed to the air for a few months is an excellent manure on heavy soils.
The ash may be used as manure.
Soot forms a good top-dressing; it consists principally of charcoal, but contains ammonia and a smaller proportion of phosphates and potash, whence its value as a manure is derived.
Common salt acts as a manure when used in moderate quantities, but in strong doses is injurious to vegetation.
For the destruction of weeds on gravel walks or in paved yards a strong dose of salt, applied either dry or in a very strong solution, is found very effective, especially a hot solution, but after a time much of it becomes washed down, and the residue acts as a manure; its continued application is undesirable, as gravel so treated becomes pasty.
In the second case all roots that have struck downwards into a cold uncongenial subsoil must be pruned off if they cannot be turned in a lateral direction, and all the lateral ones that have become coarse and fibreless must also be shortened back by means of a clean cut with a sharp knife, while a compost of rich loamy soil with a little bone-meal, and leaf-mould or old manure, should be filled into the trenches from which the old sterile soil has been taken.
As a rule, all the fibrous-rooted herbaceous plants flourish in good soil which has been fairly enriched with manure, that of a loamy character being the most suitable.
The soil should consist of about 3 parts turfy loam, i part leaf mould, I part coarse silver sand, with enough chemical or other manure added to render the whole moderately rich.
Surface dressing and feeding by liquid manure should also be afforded these plants while the fruit is swelling.
He relies mainly upon the best stable manure, a few shallow frames about 4z ft.
During the winter season narrow beds are made up of manure, either quite fresh or mixed with old manure, according to the amount of heat required.
These beds are covered with a few inches of the fine old mould obtained from the decayed manure of previous years.
Besides an abundance of water in summer there must also be an enormous quantity of good stable manure available during the winter months.
The borders must be covered sufficiently deep with leaves or manure to prevent the soil from freezing, as it would be destruction to the vines to start the shoots if the roots were frozen; hence, when forcing is begun in January, the covering should be put on in November, before severe frosts begin.
But little can be done in the northern states except to prepare manure, and get sashes, tools, &c., in working order; but in sections of the country where there is little or no frost the hardier kinds of seeds and plants may be sown and planted, such as asparagus, cabbage, cauliflower, carrot, leek, lettuce, onion, parsnip, peas, spinach, turnip, &c. In any section where these seeds can be sown in open ground, it is an indication that hotbeds may be started for the sowing of such tender vegetables as tomatoes, egg and pepper plants, &c.; though, unless in the extreme southern states, hotbeds should not be started before the beginning or middle of February.
Manure that is to be used for the crop should be broken up as fine as possible, for the more completely manure of any kind can be mixed with the soil the better the crop will be, and, of course, if it is dug or ploughed in in large unbroken lumps it cannot be properly commingled.
Lawns can be raked off and mulched with short manure, or rich garden earth where manure cannot be obtained.
Lawns may be benefited by a good dressing, in addition to the manure, of some reliable commercial fertilizer.
If short, thoroughly-decayed manure can be spared, a good sprinkling spread over the lawn will help it to a finer growth next spring.
It is the rapid spread of these yeast-conidia in manure and soil waters which makes it so difficult to get rid of smuts, &c., in the fields, and they, like the ordinary conidia, readily infect the seedling wheat, oats, barley or other cereals.
In the basic Bessemer process phosphorus is readily removed by oxidation, because the product of its oxidation, phosphoric acid, P 2 O 5, in the presence of an excess of base forms stable phosphates of lime and iron which pass into the slag, making it valuable as an artificial manure.
Where water is used, as in dry and hot countries, simply as water, less is generally needed than in cold, damp and northerly climates, where the higher temperature and the action of the water as manure are of more consequence.
The water used may be turbid or clear, and it acts, not only for moistening the soil, but as manure.
In warping the suspended solid matters are of importance, not merely for any value they may have as manure, but also as a material Warping.
The silt deposited after warping is exceedingly rich and capable of carrying any species of crop. It may be admitted in so small a quantity as only to act as a manure to arable soil, or in such a large quantity as to form a new soil.
On the coasts of Europe marine algae detached by the autumnal gales are commonly carted on to the land as a convenient manure.
Then come establishments for making tobacco, gloves, chocolate, artificial manure, cement, varnish, chemicals and pottery.
Principal exports are grain, coal and fish; imports are bones and bone-ash, manure stuffs, linseed, salt, timber and iron.
Its geographical distribution is of the widest, and its rapidity of breeding, in manure and dooryard filth, so great that, as a carrier of germs of disease, especially cholera and typhoid, the house-fly is now recognized as a potent source of danger; and various sanitary regulations have been made, or precautions suggested, for getting rid of it.
Fish are extensively used for manure, especially in Muscat, where they are also fed to cattle without unpleasant results.
Manure is copiously applied to the more valuable crops whenever manure is available, its use being limited by poverty and not by ignorance.
The Famine Commission of 1878 urged the importance of forest conservancy as a safeguard to agriculture, pointing out that a supply of wood for fuel was necessary if cattle manure was to be used to any extent for the fields, and also that forest growth served to retain the moisture in the subsoil.
In Behar it has begun to replace indigo, and some success was achieved in Orissa, Assam and Madras; but jute is a very exhausting crop, and requires to be planted in lands fertilized with silt or else with manure.
The soil is suitable for the cultivation of almost all kinds of tropical produce, and it is to be regretted that the prosperity of the colony depends almost entirely on one article of production, for the consequences are serious when there is a failure, more or less, of the sugar crop. Guano is extensively imported as a manure, and by its use the natural fertility of the soil has been increased to a wonderful extent.
Won-san and Fusan are large fishing centres, and salt fish and fish manure are important exports; but the prolific fishing-grounds are worked chiefly by Japanese labour and capital.
It has a Roman Catholic and four Evangelical churches, and has manufactures of machinery, pianofortes and artificial manure.
It is usually inexpedient to apply manure directly to the flax crop, as the tendency of this is to produce over-luxuriance, and thereby to mar the quality of the fibre, on which its value chiefly depends.
In 1852 he produced "Girls Sewing," "Man Spreading Manure"; 1853, "The Reapers"; 1854, "Church at Greville"; 1855 - the year of the International Exhibition, at which he received a medal of second class - "Peasant Grafting a Tree"; 1857, "The Gleaners"; 1859, "The Angelus," "The Woodcutter and Death"; 1860, "Sheep Shearing"; 1861, "Woman Shearing Sheep," "Woman Feeding Child"; 1862, "Potato Planters," "Winter and the Crows"; 1863, "Man with Hoe," "Woman Carding"; 1864, "Shepherds and Flock, Peasants Bringing Home a Calf Born in the Fields"; 1869, "Knitting Lesson"; 1870, "Buttermaking"; 1871, "November - recollection of Gruchy."
As vegetation begins to appear, herds of wild elephants and buffaloes are attracted by the supply of food and the solitude of the newly-formed land, and in their turn contribute to manure the soil.
The ground must be well prepared, so as to give the trees a good start, and a mulching of manure during the early years of their growth would be of much advantage.
If the soil is of fair quality the less manure used upon it the better, unless it be soot or lime.
Gypsum, bone-dust, superphosphate of lime and nitrate of soda may also be used, and wood ashes are advantageous if the soil contains much vegetable matter; but the best results are usually obtained when farmyard manure is supplemented by artificials, not by using artificials alone.
Many forms in rivers, soil, manure heaps, &c., are capable of bringing about this change to ammonium carbonate, and much of the loss of volatile ammonia on farms is preventible if the facts are apprehended.
It had long been known that under certain conditions large quantities of nitrate (saltpetre) are formed on exposed heaps of manure, &c., and it was supposed that direct oxidation of the ammonia, facilitated by the presence of porous bodies, brought this to pass.
Fresh manure abounds in de-nitrifying bacteria, and these organisms not only reduce the nitrates to nitrites, even setting free nitrogen and ammonia, but their effect extends to the undoing of the work of what nitrifying bacteria may be present also, with great loss.
These plants will not only grow on poor sandy soil without any addition of nitrogenous manure, but they actually enrich the soil on which they are grown.
If these results are confirmed and the treatment can be worked commercially, the importance to agriculture of the discovery cannot be overestimated; each plant will provide, like the bean and vetch, its own nitrogenous manure, and larger crops will be produced at a decreased cost.
Only in a few isolated cases has any contamination been traced to fever or other zymotic germs. In this connexion it is worth noting that the infectious diseases hospital has a separate system of drainage which is carefully disinfected, and not allowed to be employed for the purposes of manure.
A naturally light and rich soil, further improved by manure, is necessary, and moisture is indispensable, although injurious in excess, so that after a wet winter the best crops are obtained on hilly ground, and in a dry season on the plains.
There are distilleries, breweries, tanneries and iron foundries in the city; and manufactures of woollen and leather goods, tweeds, friezes, gloves and chemical manure.
Many thousand tons of mussels are wastefully employed as manure by the farmers on lands adjoining scalp-producing coasts, as in Lancashire and Norfolk, three half-pence a bushel being the price quoted in such cases.
Provision is also made for enforcing the removal of accumulations of manure, dung, soil or filth from any premises in an urban district, and for the periodical removal of manure or other refuse from mews, stables or other premises.
It is also necessary to animal and vegetable life (see Manure).
The industries include manufactures of tweeds, blankets, agricultural implements, and boots and shoes; there are also distilleries, breweries, flour mills, and lime and manure works.
The most important of these is sulphate of ammonia, which is used for agricultural purposes as a manure, and is obtained by passing ammonia into sulphuric acid and crystallizing out the ammonium sulphate produced.
A high or low percentage of nitrogen in the grain was also shown to depend more directly on the degree of ripening, as influenced by the character of the season, than on difference in manure; but it depends more upon the variety than upon soil or nutrition.
These teleutospores remain inactive on the straw until spring, when they germinate in manure heaps or on moist ground and produce minute sporidia, which are conveyed by air currents to the alternate host, in this case a barberry.
Wheat growing on an old manure heap is nearly always badly diseased.
Indian corn is the principal crop, for corncake forms the staple diet of the peasantry, while the grain is also used for feeding pigs, the heads for feeding cattle and the stubble for manure.
The donkey, seeing the horse pulling an old cart full of cow manure cried out " Oh, what happened to you?
In the background the blue barrel contains comfrey liquid manure.
After pruning apply a generous 5-7cm mulch of well-rotted garden compost or manure around the base of the plant.
Consistency should then lead environmentalists to demand bans on green manure!
That is to say the animals are fed on what is produced from the fields fertilized with manure.
These can be natural fertilizers such as compost or dried cow manure granules, or an artificial fertilizer.
September is the idea time to try growing a green manure over winter.
The guy sees a bunch of people standing knee-deep in cow manure drinking coffee.
I would like to find a source of well rotted organic manure to get the soil healthy for next year's planting.
I think the addition of pelleted chicken manure has helped bring the sweetcorn on.
Add 1/2 inch one year old composted sheep manure.
In autumn you can spread farmyard manure which can be lightly worked into the soil later, in spring.
An annual application of well-rotted manure either in autumn or spring will maintain the quality of the soil.
Feed with liquid manure, mulch in the spring with well rotted manure.
The air was thick with the smell of fresh manure.
Get hold of some animal manure, maybe offer to clean out a chicken shed or stable.
A few shovels of manure, straw and poultry manure pellets thrown over the top will create extra warmth to speed up the process.
Lesser house fly maggots are often common in poultry and livestock manure.
Every year, I bought a trailer load of rotted cow manure which I used mainly for the potato patch.
You can also get chicken manure in pellet form from any good garden center.
What I like about her, she didn't give you a lot of horse manure about what a great guy her father was.
Dig a large hole and fork the base incorporating large amounts of organic mater such as garden compost, farmyard or stable manure.
And he shall plow, carry manure, weed the grain, mow the meadow, scatter and pile.
Otherwise, we will be thrown out to a worse place than the manure pile.
The result is that we tend to have fewer weeds in crops following a rye green manure.
Lesley suggests enriching the soil with well rotted manure, or mushroom compost and adding blood, fish and bone before planting the hedge.
Milcreek A unique range of compact manure spreaders, especially designed for equestrian and smallholder use.
Own compost is created and kept in wind rows, turned twice with a manure spreader.
If the crop has gone woody, water the area with a liquid fertilizer or manure once it has been dug in.
The one we most often find in compost or manure pile is the red wriggler (Eisenia foetida ).
The main activities include potato and buckwheat cultivation, and raising yaks for wool, meat, manure and transport.
The phenomenon of nitrification (see BACTERIOLOGY, AGRICULTURE and MANURE), i.e.
The passages sometimes extend over several miles, the beds sometimes occupying over 20 m., and, as there are many proprietors of cellars, the produce of mushrooms is so large that not only is Paris fully supplied, but vast quantities are forwarded to the different large towns of Europe; the mushrooms are not allowed to reach the fully expanded condition, but are gathered in a large button state, the whole growth of the mushroom being removed and the hole left in the manure covered with fine earth.
Its natural habit is to grow in rings, and the grassy fairy-rings so frequent amongst the short grass of downs and pastures in the spring are generally caused by the nitrogenous manure applied to the soil in the previous autumn by the decay of a circle of these fungi.
Gardeners and farm laborers convey spores from one bed or field to another; carted soil, manure, &c., may abound in spores of Smuts, Fusarium, Polyporei and in sclerotia; and articles through the post and so forth often carry infective spores.
Repetition of one crop exhausts the ground; rotation will lighten the strain, only the exhausted soil must be copiously dressed with manure or ashes.
Among the subjects deserving notice may be mentioned the practice of steeping and liming seed corn as a preventive of smut; changing every year the species of grain, and bringing seed corn from a distance; ploughing down green crops as manure; and feeding horses with broken oats and chaff.
It is estimated that the reduction in yield of the unmanured plot over the forty years, 1852-1891, after the growth of the crops without manure during the eight preceding years, was, provided it had been uniform throughout, equivalent to a decline of one-sixth of a bushel from year to year due to exhaustion - that is, irrespectively of fluctuations due to season.
Over and above the great advantage arising from the opportunity which the growth of root-crops affords for the cleaning of the land, the benefits of growing the root-crop in rotation are due (1) to the large amount of manure applied for its growth, (2) to the large residue of the manure left in the soil for future crops, (3) to the large amount of matter at once returned as manure again in the leaves, (4) to the large amount of food produced, and (5) to the small proportion of the most important manurial constituents of the roots which is retained by store or fattening animals consuming them, the rest returning as manure again; though, when the roots are consumed for the production of milk, a much larger proportion of the constituents is lost to the manure.
A typical course at one of the higher colleges lasts for two years and includes instruction under the heads of soils and manure, crops and pasture, live stock, foods and feeding, dairy work, farm and estate management and farm bookkeeping, surveying, agricultural buildings and machinery, agricultural chemistry, agricultural botany, veterinary science and agricultural entomology.
As examples of class (i.) may be mentioned - erection or enlargement of buildings, laying down of permanent pasture, making of gardens or fences, planting of hops, embankments and sluices; as examples of (ii.) - chalking of land, clay burning, application to land of purchased artificial or purchased manure, except they have been made for the purpose of making provision to protect the holding from injury or deterioration.
Nitric acid (up to 50%) is formed in the first tower, and weaker acids in the successive ones; the last tower contains milk of lime which combines with the gases to form calcium nitrite and nitrate (this product, being unsuitable as a manure, is decomposed with the acid, and the evolved gases sent back).
This is usually present in abundance although it may not be available to the plant under certain circumstances, or may need to be replenished or increased by additions to the soil of manures or fertilizers (see Manure).
The fertility of a soil is dependent upon a number of factors, some of which, such as the addition of fertilizers or manures, increase the stock of available food materials in the soil (see Manure), while others, such as application of clay or humus, chiefly influence the fertility of the land by improving its physical texture.
Farm-yard manure should also be avoided.
Manures (see Manure).
Protect endive, celery, artichoke and sea-kale with stable-litter or fern, or by planting the former in frames; take up late cauliflower, early broccoli and lettuces, and place them in sheltered pits or lay them in an open shed; earth up celery; manure and dress up asparagus beds.
Potatoes, beets, turnips or other roots in pits, the spinach crop in the ground, or any other article in need of protection, should be attended to before the end of the month; manure and compost heaps should be forwarded as rapidly as possible, and turned and mixed so as to be in proper condition for spring.
The methods and appliances used are extremely primitive, and inveterate prejudice debars the average peasant from the use of new implements, fresh seed, or manure; he generally cares nothing for the rotation of crops, or for the cleanliness of his land.
Brewing and tanning are carried on; and there are also manure and chemical works, brickand lime-kilns, flour-mills and agricultural implement works, engineering works and iron foundries.
To the extent this world is a meritocracy, the most talented will be the movie star and the least talented will be hauling manure.
Leaf radish grows best in a light, well-drained soil, which has had manure dug in for another crop the season before.
Apply a generous dressing of rotted manure in winter.
The liquid manure storage system was located under a slatted concrete floor beneath the cattle shed.
My kitchen waste is fed to four hens, and their straw and manure returned to the veggie patch.
The one we most often find in compost or manure pile is the red wriggler (Eisenia foetida).
Manure from cattle, a primary food source worldwide, contributes to methane gas levels.
Biomass is any organic material produced by animals and plants, such as crops, wood, manure, municipal solid waste, ethanol, methane, and biodiesel.
Some scientists are trying to figure out a good way to use the methane created from cow manure and decomposition at landfills to power electrical plants.
Biomass is energy sourced from the burning of organic material such as wood, crops, manure, and some garbage.
Leoni and Thornton met on the set of the movie Manure.
I have not tried this one personally, but there are actually manure composts that you can use to break down your dog's waste.
A shady moist spot with a northern exposure is best, and the soil should be a mixture of well-rotted manure and Sphagnum.
Plant and water them with soft rain-water, and mulch the surface with manure.
This should consist of equal parts of good fibrous loam and well-decomposed manure, half fibrous peat, and half coarse sand.
If the ground is well broken up and some lasting manure supplied at planting time, they may be left undisturbed for years.
Groups of the bolder kinds associated with Hydrangea paniculata grandiflora, Lilium Henryi, and Azalea mollis are effective for months on end, and all revel in deep rich loam, old manure, and leaf-mould.
They thrive admirably in deep, rich, sandy loam, with the addition of some decayed cow manure.
With such precautions and planted in loam, deep but not too stiff, in a well-drained sunny border, and with an occasional dose of weak liquid manure, they will repay one for all the care given to them."
They demand deep cultivation, much manure, frequent waterings in dry weather, with occasional soakings of liquid manure, to secure fine spikes and flowers.
Hyacinths in the open air seldom require artificial watering, the natural moisture of the soil and the strength of the manure mixed with it being sufficient.
In cultivation they prefer a generous treatment, rich loam and old manure suiting them.
The Spanish Iris must not be waterlogged in autumn and winter, preferring a loose, friable, sandy soil, which, however, should not be too poor, for it repays feeding with thoroughly rotten leaf-mould or manure.
A deep, friable loam, enriched with rotten manure, is a good soil for them, but they will grow well in a hot sandy soil if it be heavily manured and watered.
In this case, however, to keep the plants from becoming exhausted, they must have a heavy dressing of manure or manure-water.
The bulbs should be planted in this, and as soon as growth commences in spring, should be mulched with decomposed manure or short grass.
If the garden soil be fairly good, it need only be well stirred and manured, but the manure should be thoroughly decomposed.
A slight mulching of one-year-old sifted hot-bed manure will be found useful for keeping out the drought and nourishing the roots through a dry season.
A good moist loam, enriched with cow manure, is the soil best suited to peonies.
When established apply liquid manure in autumn and winter.
Moutans are gross feeders, and amply repay generous treatments with occasional top-dressings of half-decomposed cow manure.
It should be planted about the beginning of April in deep open soil mulched with rotten manure, and watered copiously in hot dry weather.
Where soil is prepared for the choicer varieties, any good loam with a free addition of sand, well-rotted leaf-mould, and decomposed cow manure will form an admirable compost.
A large hole, about 6 by 4 feet deep, should be dug out, a good layer of drainage material put at the bottom, and the hole filled with a rich compost of loam and manure.
They should also have a mulching of well-rotted manure early in every spring.
It is fully hardy, and thrives in any good soil, but should not be overfed with rich manure.
After the manure is spread over the surface, trench the soil up to a depth of 2 feet, and leave the ground as rough as possible, so as to expose it to winter frost and rain.
The situation should be open, but not exposed, and the soil a loam mixed with decayed stable manure equal to a third of its bulk.
Where this fine species and its forms fail in the ordinary soil of the garden, success may be ensured by making a special soil of rotten manure, leaf-mould, or cocoa-fibre.
Fill the bottom of the trench with a drainage layer of rubble or gravel, followed by a foot or eighteen inches of rotted manure.
Organic fertilizers, which add nutrients and organic matter to the soil, include composted pelletized manure, liquid fish and seaweed emulsion, bonemeal, bloodmeal, cottonseed meal and alfalfa meal.
Avoid adding fresh manure, as this can be too high in nitrogen and actually burn vegetable plant roots.
Allow the manure to age or compost naturally, or turn it into the soil of your vegetable garden in the spring and give it a few weeks to mellow before planting vegetables.
Bagged and dehydrated cow manure may also be purchased at stores if no local, free sources are available.
Once you are ready to plant your crowns, apply a three inch layer of compost and manure on top of the soil.
Once you've planned and built your garden, you can add compost, manure and other amendments to make the soil rich and fertile.
Hydrangeas do prefer a rich, loamy soil, so work in some good well rotted manure of compost into the soil before planting.
Such cold frames harnessed two natural elements, manure and solar power, to create warm temperatures that withstood cold New England winters.
Today, the backyard gardener may not wish to use fresh animal manure, but certainly solar power offers a clean and free way to heat a cold frame.
Garden compost or well rotted manure also enhances the asparagus bed.
Instead, add twice as much compost and manure as you normally would and turn it under, mixing it into the soil.
Allow organic materials such as manure, shredded leaves and kitchen scraps to thoroughly compost before adding them to the garden beds.
Adding compost or manure to the soil gives plants more of the nutrients they need to remain vigorous and healthy.
Before planting a new strawberry bed, amend the soil generously with composted manure or garden compost.
Manure and compost are two of the most common choices for organic fertilizer.
If you don't have your own livestock, you can purchase bags of composted manure at any garden center.
It has been approved by the Organic Materials Review Institute and is made without manure or any chemical ingredients.
Chicken manure sounds icky but actually it's considered a perfect fertilizer for yards and gardens because of its stellar nitrogen composition.
You can buy your own chickens, although what's more practical is buying chicken manure from your local garden supply center.
Compost, manure and even some types of mulch will all add nutrients to your soil.
Add manure, composts, and green manure are added.
Green manure is any plant substance grown specifically for turning into the soil.
This means that organic farms try to subsist in an ecologically balanced way, using methods like crop rotation, composting and green manure to replenish the soil as they use it.
Most manure should be allowed to break down for two to three months before using on your garden.
Perhaps you live close to someone who has a few cows or horses that would be willing to let you pick up a load or two of manure.
Organic fertilizers such as well-rotted manure, compost, or other solid organic matter are less prone to nutrient loss than chemical fertilizers.
Compost, animal manure, grass clippings or raked leaves are just a few of the many free soil amendments you can add to your garden soil to increase nutrient content and water retention.
In the absence of good compost, animal manure can be a beneficial source of nutrients, microorganisms, and organic matter to build up the soil structure and ecosystem.
Manure is usually available in larger volume than compost, so may be preferable for large projects.
The CSU GardenNotes publication Using Manure presents a number of potential drawbacks to using manure in place of compost.
These concerns do not mean manure is unsuitable for garden use.
Used with caution, manure remains a good option for an organic soil amendment.
Use only fully composted, aged manure from a known source to ensure a high-quality, trouble-free organic garden soil.
If you do not yet have an established compost and are unable to bring in manure, there is a third option.
Compost, worm castings, and aged manure are all available at any garden center to use on their own or to supplement your home compost.
Animals that have been living in filthy conditions, that have manure plastered to their bodies, or that have ingested contaminated feed are more likely to be tainted with the bacteria.
The stable manure is taken into the tortuous passages of these cellars, and the spawn introduced from masses of dry dung where it occurs naturally.
From the bottom of this sea they have been raised to form the dry lands along the shores of Suffolk, whence they are now extracted as articles of commercial value, being ground to powder in the mills of Mr [afterwards Sir John] Lawes, at Deptford, to supply our farms with a valuable substitute for guano, under the accepted name of coprolite manure."
The acid renders it available as a manure by converting the calcium phosphate, Ca 3 P 2 O 8, that it contains into the soluble monocalcium salt, CaH 4 P 2 O 8, or "superphosphate."
On the three-fields system corn has been grown upon it for fifty to seventy consecutive years without manure.
There cultivation is possible only with the aid of a considerable quantity of manure.
Here again both capital and labour are short, and the cultivation of the soil suffers from the fact that, owing to the absence of timber, dry dung is used for fuel instead of being employed as manure.
The young crop was hoed, reaping was performed with a sickle, and a high stubble left on the ground as manure.
It is in itself an excellent manure, Sir Richard adds; and so it should be, to enable land to bear this treatment.
Experiments upon the growth of barley for fifty years in succession on rather heavy ordinary arable soil resulted in showing that the produce by mineral manures alone is larger than that without manure; that nitrogenous manures alone give more produce than mineral manures alone; and that mixtures of mineral and nitrogenous manure give much more than either used alone - generally twice, or more than twice, as much as mineral manures alone.
The exhaustion of the soil induced by both barley and wheat is, however, characteristically that of available nitrogen; and when, under the ordinary conditions of manuring and cropping, artificial manure is still required, nitrogenous manures are, as a rule, necessary for both crops, and, for the spring-sown barley, superphosphate also.
The fact that the growth of a leguminous crop, such as red clover, leaves the soil in a higher condition for the subsequent growth of a grain crop - that, indeed, the growth of such a leguminous crop is to a great extent equivalent to the application of a nitrogenous manure for the cereal crop - was in effect known ages ago.
Although used in the early days to a limited extent as a food for milch cows and other stock, and to a larger extent as a manure, no systematic efforts were made anywhere in the South to manufacture the seed until the later 'fifties, when the first cotton seed mills were established.
The trees are to be top-dressed from time to time with well-decayed manure and turfy loam, and considerable space must be left in the pots for this and the watering.
It is well after the borders are completed to remove the top soil, in which no roots are to be found, every two or three years, and to replace it with a mixture of good loam, rotten manure, lime rubbish and bone meal, to the depth of 6 or 7 in.
The shoots are trained up near the glass, and, with plenty of heat (top and bottom) and of water, with air and light, and manure water occasionally, will form firm, strong, well-ripened canes in the course of the season.
The whole is then passed through filter presses, the clear juice being run off for further treatment, while the carbonate of lime is obtained in cakes which are taken to the fields as manure.
The ploughing-in of green crops is in many respects like the addition of farm-yard manure.
It is also employed as a manure.
The Indians and white settlers used it as a manure, and the name is Narragansett for "fertilizer."
At the base of the Red Crag in East Anglia, and occasionally at the base of the other Pliocene Crags, there is a " nodule bed," consisting of phosphatic nodules, with rolled teeth and bones, which were formerly worked as " coprolites " for the preparation of artificial manure.
In the Isle of Thanet a light mould predominates, which has been much enriched by fish manure.
The artificial manure known as "superphosphate of lime" consists of this salt and calcium sulphate, and is obtained by treating ground bones, coprolites, &c., with sulphuric acid.
For pot culture, the soil should consist of three parts turfy loam to one of leaf-mould and thoroughly rotted manure, adding enough pure grit to keep the compost porous.
For prevention, the surface soil covering bulbs should be removed every autumn and replaced by soil mixed with kainit; manure for mulching should also be mixed with kainit, which acts as a steriliser.
It is used largely as an artificial manure, and also for the preparation of other ammonium salts.
Fresh manure should be avoided, but the remains from an old hot-bed or mushroom bed may be incorporated.
It is usual thoroughly to dig and manure the ground in preparation.
In this way large quantities of manure are easily transported to any required spot, and although the work looks hard to an English gardener, the Frenchman says he can carry more manure with less fatigue in half a day than an Englishman can transport in a day with a wheelbarrow.
Prepare manure for making up hotbeds for early cucumbers and melons, where pits heated with hot water are not in use; also for Ashleaf potatoes.
Nearly two-thirds of organic farms use green or animal manure to fertilize their crops, according to the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA).
Manure and other natural fertilizers can cling to the food and sometimes carry bacteria.
The NOP rule also provides specific guidance regarding how crops are managed for nutrient needs, relying specifically on methods such as organic compost and animal manure rather than fertilizers.
This bacterium is found worldwide in soil and animal manure.
Other prevention measures involve prompt cleaning and protection of wounds and hygiene measure such as washing well after exposure to soil containing animal manure.
The pitchers accumulate vast quantities of insects in the course of a season, and must thus abundantly manure the surrounding soil when they die.
Much stress is laid on the value of manure, and mention is made of clover.
Such reliance did he place in the pulverization of the soil that he grew as many as thirteen crops of wheat on the same field without manure.
Even without manure the average produce over forty-six years, 1852-1897, was nearly thirteen bushels per acre, or about the average yield per acre of 1 The higher yield of wheat in the later years of the 19th century appears to be largely attributable to better grain-growing seasons.
Of the nitrogenous compounds in food, on the other hand, only a small proportion of the whole consumed is finally stored up in the increase of the animal - in other words, a very large amount of nitrogen passes through the body beyond that which is finally retained in the increase, and so remains for manure.
The bed forms a warm seed-bed in the cool weather of early spring, and holds the manure which is drilled in usually to better advantage.
In contrast with the farmers of the 'sixties, the southern planter of the 10th century appreciates the value of his cotton seed, and farmers, too remote from the mills to get it pressed, now feed to their stock all the cotton seed they conveniently can, and use the residue either in compost or directly as manure.
Industries include slate quarrying, shipbuilding, iron and brass foundries, alum, vitriol, manure, guano and tobacco works.
Crofting agriculture is conducted on primitive methods, spade tillage being almost universal, and seaweed the principal manure.
Johann Anton Scopoli, writing in the 18th century, speaks of them as so abundant in one place in Carniola that in June twenty cartloads were carried away for manure!
The potassium it contains renders it of value as a manure.
These scums are not worth passing through the filter presses, and are sent to the fields direct as manure.
The juice is then drawn off and pumped up to one of the double-bottomed defecators and redefecated, or, where juice-heaters have been used instead of defecators, the scums from the separators or subsiders are heated and forced through filter presses, the juice expressed going to the evaporators and the scum cakes formed in the filter presses to the fields as manure.
But a long course of continuous cropping with these grain crops, without affording compensation to the soil in the form of manure or deep cultivation, has so ex.
The plant grows freely in good garden soil, preferring a deep welldrained loam, and is all the better for a top-dressing of manure as it approaches the flowering stage.
Angleworms are rarely to be met with in these parts, where the soil was never fattened with manure; the race is nearly extinct.
The beds remain in bearing for six or eight months, and then the spent manure is taken to the surface again for garden and field purposes.
Erith has large engineering and gun factories, and in the neighbourhood are gunpowder, oil, glue and manure works.
In the case of plants the method of procedure was to grow some of the most important crops of rotation, each separately year after year, for many years in succession on the same land, (a) without manure, (b) with farmyard manure and (c) with a great variety of chemical manures; the same description of manure being, as a rule, applied year after year on the same plot.
Experiments on an actual course of rotation, without manure, and with different manures, have also been made.
Amongst the field experiments there is, perhaps, not one of more universal interest than that in which wheat was grown for fifty-seven years in succession, (a) without manure, (b) with farmyard manure and (c) with various artificial manures.
The average results show that, under all conditions of manuring - excepting with farmyard manure - the produce was less over the later than over the earlier periods of the experiments, an effect partly due to the seasons.
Other essential conditions of success will commonly include the liberal application of potash and phosphatic manures, and sometimes chalking or liming for the leguminous crop. As to how long the leguminous crop should occupy the land, the extent to which it should be consumed on the land, or the manure from its consumption be returned, and under what conditions the whole or part of it should be ploughed in - these are points which must be decided as they arise in practice.
Of the twenty plots into which this land is divided, two were left without manure from the outset, two received ordinary farmyard manure for a series of years, whilst the remainder each received a different description of artificial or chemical manure, the same being, except in special cases, applied year after year on the same plot.
So much, indeed, does the character of the herbage vary from plot to plot that the effect may fairly be described as kaleidoscopic. Repeated analyses have shown how greatly both the botanical constitution and the chemical composition of the mixed herbage vary according to the description of manure applied.
Such, moreover, is the effect of different manures that the gross produce of the mixed herbage is totally different on the respective plots according to the manure employed, both as to the proportion of the various species composing it and as to their condition of development and maturity.
When this is done, from 80 to 90% of the fertilizing material of the meal is recovered in the manure, only 10 to 20% being converted by the animal into meat and milk.
The chief industrial establishments are iron foundries, railway and motor engineering works, breweries, flour-mills, tanneries and manufactories of confectionery, artificial manure, &c. There is water communication by the Ouse with the Humber, and by the Foss Navigation to the N.E.
Its chief applications are as a manure and in the nitric acid industry.
It is an important industrial centre, carrying on cotton weaving and spinning, tanning, distilling, and the manufacture of coffee, sugar, manure and saltpetre.
His landlord, who in a waistcoat and a pointed cap, pitchfork in hand, was clearing manure from the cowhouse, looked out, and his face immediately brightened on seeing Rostov.
The chief thing in his eyes was not the nitrogen in the soil, nor the oxygen in the air, nor manures, nor special plows, but that most important agent by which nitrogen, oxygen, manure, and plow were made effective-- the peasant laborer.
Less manure is used in these cellars than we generally see in the mushroom-houses of England, and the surface of each bed is covered with about an inch of fine white stony soil.
The phosphate thus produced forms an efficacious turnip manure, and is quite equal in value to that produced from any other source.
In one case, indeed, the average produce by mixed minerals and nitrogenous manure was more than that by the annual application of farmyard manure; and in seven out of the ten cases in which such mixtures were used the average yield per acre was from over two to over eight bushels more than the average yield of the United Kingdom (assuming this to be about twenty-eight bushels of 60 lb per bushel) under ordinary rotation.
As, however, the manure of the animals of the farm is valuable largely in proportion to the nitrogen it contains, there is, so far, an advantage in giving a food somewhat rich in nitrogen, provided it is in other respects a good one, and, weight for weight, not much more costly.
A more rational proceeding would be to feed the meal to animals and apply the resulting manure to the soil.
First, it would be tempting to assume the person hauling manure can only do that, and if that job disappeared he would have no useful skills.
Whatever the specific rotation, there may in practice be deviations from the plan of retaining on the farm the whole of the root-crops, the straw of the grain crops and the leguminous fodder crops (clover, vetches, sainfoin, &c.) for the production of meat or milk, and, coincidently, for that of manure to be returned to the land.
By far the greater proportion of those constituents remains in circulation in the manure of the farm, whilst the remainder yields highly valuable products for sale in the forms of meat and milk.