Mantle sentence examples

mantle
  • Jackson had started a fire and stood with his hands on the mantle, watching the flames.

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  • The Earth's core is surrounded by its mantle and its crust.

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  • Taran smiled and pulled off his mantle, handing it to the boy.

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  • Her eyes went to the mantle where the hourglass remained.

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  • When Jackson entered the house, he glanced at the antique clock on the mantle: two minutes to six.

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  • He finally settled on the mantle across from his bed, deciding to buy something for the music room on Friday.

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  • He wore a red mantle, and stretched his long legs forward in French fashion.

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  • She snatched the lighter on the mantle and ran to the door, standing close until the alcohol lit and spread.

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  • Over the mantle hung a gilt-framed landscape oil; a fall scene that captured all the colors he so loved.

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  • He glanced up at their picture over the mantle, and then at the painting he had given her of her parents.

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  • The mantle makes up more than eighty percent of Earth's volume.

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  • The entire town was covered with a thick mantle of snow.

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  • Overwhelmed by the responsibilites that came with the mantle of his office, the governor resigned a few months after the election.

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  • She wrapped herself in a warm, heavy mantle, prepared to embrace the cold wind outside.

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  • It's up to us to take up the mantle of leadership in these trying times.

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  • Elizabeth fastened her old-fashioned mantle with an ornate pin.

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  • The ailing king passed on the mantle of authority to his eldest son.

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  • After the president's untimely death, the vice president must assume the mantle of leadership.

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  • The city looked grim, covered in a mantle of soot, after the erruption of the nearby volcano.

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  • Lithosphere is called the solid part of the earth, including the crust and the uppermost mantle.

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  • He picks up that mantle one more time as Captain John Harriman.

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  • One did on the mantle above the fire.

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  • Hawkman's death in the tenth season opened the door to Clark and his allies truly assuming their mantle.

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  • Place the pumpkins or gourds evenly along the mantle and hold the scarf in place with the two candles.

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  • Place them in rows on shelves or the mantle.

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  • When overtaken by a dust-storm it falls on its knees, and stretching its neck along the sand, closes its nostrils and remains thus motionless till the atmosphere clears; and in this position it affords some shelter to its driver, who, wrapping his face in his mantle, crouches behind his beast.

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  • Each Draper had a varied number of tailors, two squires, and a brother to care for his pack animals and his four personal horses.Originally each Knights Templar was given a mantle, a white cloak and a wool shirt.

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  • 4, f), which form a series extending completely round the inner face of the depending mantle FIG.

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  • 36) to the adult form has not been properly observed, and many interesting points as to the true nature of folds (whether parapodia or mantle or velum) have yet to be cleared up by a knowledge of such development in forms like Tethys, Doris, Phyllidia, &c. As in other Molluscan groups, we find even in closely-allied genera (for instance, in Aplysia and Pleurobranchidium, and other genera), the f operculum.

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  • Mantle flap.

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  • rn, Mantle flap. In the gth edition of this br, Outer, b'r', inner gill-plate - each Encyclopaedia Professor (Sir) composed of two lamellae.

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  • In the primary axis of the plant among Pteridophytes and many Phanerogams, at any rate in its first formed part, the xylem and phloem are associated in the form of a cylinder (stele), with xylem occupying the centre, and the phloem (in the upward-growing part or primary stem) forming a mantle at the periphery (fig.

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  • The coelom then is a spacious chamber surrounding the alimentary canal, and is continued dorsally and ventrally into the sinuses of the mantle (fig.

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  • places it has sunk into the con Passing from the middle line outwards they are - (i.) the median pallial nerve to the middle of the dorsal mantle; (ii.) numerous small nerves - the circum-oesophageal commissures - which pass round the oesophagus to the chief arm-nerve or supra-oesophageal ganglion; (iii.) the under arm-nerve to the lophophore and its muscles; (iv.) the lateral pallial nerve to the sides of the dorsal mantle.

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  • An w'? ??ul l ', II, joine instructive development shows 1l the upper part of the skirt hanging over the girdle so that an elementary mantle would be obtained by drawing the loose end up over the shoulders (Meyer, p. 93, cf.

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  • It is surrounded by (I) a thin-walled, smaller-celled hydrom mantle; (2) an amylom sheath; (3) a leptom mantle, interrupted here and there by starch cells.

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  • At the periphery of the lobes are some comparatively thin-walled living cells mixed with a few thin-walled hydroids, the remains of the thin-walled hydrom mantle of the aerial stem.

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  • Besides this there is usually a living conducting tissue, sometimes differentiated as leptom, forming a mantle round the hydrom, and bounded externally by a more or less well-differentiated endodermis, abutting on an irregularly cylindrical lacuna; the latter separates the central conducting cylinder from the cortex of the seta, which, like the cortex of the gametophyte stem, is usually differentiated into an outer thick-walled stereom and an inner starchy parenchyma.

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  • In the downward growing part of the axis (primary root), Aflangehowever, the peripheral mantle of phloem is interrupted, ~7ii ~.

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  • She ran her fingers along the smooth marble mantle.

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  • There were pictures on her mantle of the two of them together when he was younger, toys piled into a box near her couch, a school lunch menu and more pictures -- these apparently from past Halloweens --on the bulletin board on one wall of the kitchen.

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  • Two hours ago, according to the clock on the mantle.

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  • Would you like the landscape over the mantle?

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  • It looks better here than on my mantle.

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  • the holy standard, the sword and the mantle of the prophet.

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  • These were removed to Paris, and when Napoleon was crowned emperor a century and a half later he chose Childeric's bees for the decoration of his coronation mantle.

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  • The cylinder is surrounded by a mantle of one or more layers of parenchymatous cells, the pericycle, and the xylem is generally separated from the phloem in the stem by a similar layer, the mesocycle (corresponding with the amylom sheath in mosses).

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  • The Madonna is here depicted with various saints, the archangel Michael and St Maurice holding her mantle, which is extended over the kneeling Gianfrancesco Gonzaga, amid a profusion of rich festooning and other accessory.

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  • A nearer view will reveal the rich chestnut of the mantle and upper wing-coverts, and the combination of colours thus exhibited suggests the term "tortoise-shell" often applied to it - the quill-feathers being mostly of a dark brown and its lower parts pure white.

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  • Recently emerged from the Post-Pliocene sea, or freed from their mantle of ice, they persistently maintain the self-same features over immense areas; and the few portions that rise above the general elevation have more the character of broad and gentle swellings than of mountain-chains.

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  • But Ezekiel was, as Wellhausen well describes him, " a priest in prophet's mantle."

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  • pa, Mantle.

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  • The sub-class is now divided into two orders: the Aspidobranchia in which the branchia or ctenidium is bipectinate and attached only at its base, and the Pectinibranchia in which the ctenidium is monopectinate and attached to the mantle throughout its length.

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  • It is largely covered by the mantle in some Fissurellidae, is entirely internal in Pupilia and absent in Titiscaniidae.

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  • The depth of free mantle skirt is greatest in front, where the head and neck are covered in by it.

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  • The gill-lamellae of Patella are processes of the mantle comparable with the plait-like folds often observed on the roof of the branchial chamber in other Gastropoda (e.g.

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  • time when the fact that the renal organ s,s', Nerves (right and of the Mollusca, as a rule, opens into the left) to the mantle.

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  • s, s', Right and left mantle pi.

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  • Scurria, with pallial branchiae in a circle beneath the mantle.

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  • No ctenidia but pallial branchiae in a circle between mantle and foot.

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  • d, Foot; i, tentacular processes of the mantle.

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  • Shell conical; slit or hole in anterior part of mantle; two symmetrical ctenidia; no operculum.

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  • Emarginula, mantle and shell with a slit, British.

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  • Scutum, mantle split anteriorly and reflected over shell, which has no slit.

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  • Puncturella, mantle and shell with a foramen in front of the apex, British.

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  • Fissurella, mantle and shell perforated at apex, British.

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  • The siphon is an incompletely tubular outgrowth of the mantle margin on the left side, contained in a corresponding outgrowth of the edge of the shell-mouth, and serving to conduct water to the respiratory cavity.

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  • The surface x of the mantle between the rectum and the gill-plume is thrown into folds which in many sea-snails (whelks or Buccinidae, &c.) are very strongly developed.

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  • i, Under surface of the mantle c, Cephalic eye.

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  • Mantle with two posterior appendages; ctenidium large and capable of protrusion from pallial cavity.

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  • Shell thin, more or less covered by the mantle; no operculum.

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  • Foot very large; mantle reflected over shell.

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  • Shell fusiform, with elongated spire; margin of shell and mantle notched.

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  • In other cases (Tectibranchs) the reduced shell is enclosed by upgrowths of the edge of the mantle and becomes internal, as in many Cephalopods.

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  • The relation of the delicate shell to the mantle is peculiar, since it occupies an oval area upon the visceral hump, the extent of which is indicated in fig.

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  • But in Aplysia the mantle is reflected over the edge of the shell, and grows over its upper surface so as to completely enclose it, excepting at the small central area s where the naked shell is exposed.

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  • 18 and 32), where the border of the mantle can be, and usually is, drawn over the shell, though it is withdrawn (as it cannot be in Aplysia) when they are irritated.

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  • From the fact that Aplysia commences its life as a free-swimming veliger with a nautiloid shell not enclosed in any way by the border of the mantle, it is clear that the enclosure of the shell in the adult is a secondary process.

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  • When the shell of an A plysia enclosed in its mantle is pushed well to the left, the sub-pallial space is fully exposed as in fig.

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  • On the under side of the free edge of the mantle are situated the numerous small cutaneous glands which, in the large A plysia camelus (not in other species), form the purple secretion which was known to s the ancients.

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  • The free edge of the mantle is seen just below the margin of the shell (compare with Aplysia, fig.

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  • The first is flaccid and sluggish in its movements, and has not much power of contraction; its epipodial lobes are enormously developed and extend far forward along the body; it gives out when handled an abundance of purple liquid, which is derived from cutaneous glands situated on the under side of the free edge of the mantle.

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  • - A plysia leporina (camelus, Cuv.), with epipodia and mantle reflected away from the mid-line.

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  • Opisthobranchs provided in the adult state with a shell and a mantle, except Runcina, Pleuro.

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  • Posteriorly the mantle forms a large pallial lobe FIG.

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  • Cephalic shield continuous with dorsal integument; no shell; ctenidium projecting from mantle cavity.

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  • The next six families include the animals formerly known as Gymnosomatous Pteropods, characterized by the absence of mantle and shell, the reduction of the ventral surface of the foot, and the parapodial fins at the anterior end of the body.

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  • Foot without parapodia; no pallial cavity, but always a single ctenidium situated on the right side between mantle and foot.

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  • Shell covered by mantle, or absent; anterior tentacles form a frontal veil; mantle contains spicules.

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  • Genital duct triaulic. Spicules present in the mantle.

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  • Mantle-border projecting; frontal veil reduced, and often covered by the anterior border of the mantle.

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  • Mantle oval, covering the head and the greater part of the body; anterior tentacles,.

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  • Pharynx suctorial; branchiae surrounding the body, between the mantle and foot.

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  • Anterior tentacles in the form of a digging shield; mantle without appendages, but respiratory papillae beneath the mantle-border.

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  • Hickson and others, that in the bivalves Pecten and Spondylus, which also have eyes upon the mantle quite distinct from typical cephalic eyes, there is the same relationship as in Oncidiidae of the optic nerve to the retinal cells.

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  • No shell; mantle covers the whole surface of the body; radula with squarish teeth.

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  • Shell largely chitinous, not spiral, its calcareous apex projecting through a small hole in the mantle.

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  • Shell internal, or absent; mantle restricted to the anterior and middle part of the body; radula with squarish teeth.

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  • Shell globular or auriform, external or partly covered by the mantle.

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  • Limaciform, with internal rounded shell; mantle very small and triangular; pulmonary chamber with tracheae; no anterior tentacles.

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  • GUEREZA, the native name of a long-tailed, black and white Abyssinian monkey, Colobus guereza (or C. abyssinicus), characterized by the white hairs forming a long pendent mantle.

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  • Ampullaria has very long tentacles and a long siphon formed by the mantle.

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  • In England the chief orders of friars were distinguished by the colour of their habit: thus the Franciscans or Minors were the Grey Friars; the Dominicans or Preachers were the Black Friars (from their black mantle over a white habit), and the Carmelites were the White Friars (from their white mantle over a brown habit): these, together with the Austin Friars or Hermits, formed the four great mendicant orders - Chaucer's "alle the ordres foure."

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  • Where a mantle of soil covers the rock it is generally thin but very fertile.

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  • cap. i I), an under tunic (linea), an upper tunic (dalmatica, tunica) and mantle (lacerna, byrrus).

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  • Each valve of the shell is lined by a mantle which contains prolongations of the body cavity.

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  • The outer surfaces of the mantle secrete' the shell, which is of the nature of a cuticle impregnated by calcareous salts.

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  • The free edges of the mantle often bear chitinous bristles or setae which project beyond the shell.

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  • The anterior half of this space is lined by the inner wall of the mantle and is called the mantle cavity.

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  • The water which bears the oxygen for respiration and the minute organisms upon which the Brachiopod feeds is swept into the mantle cavity by the action of the cilia which cover the arms, and the eggs and excreta pass out into the same cavity.

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  • may be, as in Cistella, applied flat to the inner surface of the dorsal mantle fold, but more usually they are raised free from the body like a pair of moustaches, and as they are usually far too long to lie straight in the mantle cavity, they are folded or coiled up. The brachial skeleton which in many cases supports the arms has been mentioned above.

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  • In Discinisca and Lingula there is further a lip-sinus or hollow system of channels which traverses the supporting tissue of the edge of the mantle and contains muscle-fibres.

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  • There is further a great tendency for the endothelial cells to form muscles, and this is especially pronounced in the small arm-sinus, where a conspicuous muscle is built up. The mantle-sinuses which form the chief spaces in the mantle are diverticula of the main coelomic cavity.

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  • The dorsal branch sends a blind twig into each of the diverticula of the dorsal mantle-sinus, the ventral branch supplies the nephridia and neighbouring parts before reaching the ventral lobe of the mantle.

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  • Laterally, the sub-oesophageal ganglia give off (v.) nerves to the ventral mantle, and finally they supply (vi.) branches to the various muscles.

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  • There is a special marginal nerve running round the edge of the mantle, but the connexion of this with the rest of the nervous system is not clear; probably it is merely another concentration of the diffused sub-ectodermal nervous fibrils.

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  • These pits are not isolated, but are connected by an ectodermal ridge, which grows in at the margin of the mantle and forms a continuous band somewhat resembling the ectodermal primordium of vertebrate teeth.

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  • the mantle lining the shells.

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  • Median pallial nerve of dorsal each side, just below the lobe of mantle.

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  • After a certain time the larva fixes itself by its stalk to some stone or rock, and the skirt-like second segment turns forward over the head and forms the mantle.

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  • What goes on within the mantle islunknown, but presumably the head is absorbed.

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  • The chaetae drop off, and the lophophore is believed to arise from thickenings which appear in the dorsal mantle lobe.

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  • Naturg., 1861-1862), have their mantle turned over their head and the larval shell well developed.

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  • Either before or just after turning, the mantle develops a larval shell termed the protegulum, and when this is completed the larva is termed the Phylembryo.

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  • By this time the eyes have disappeared, the four bundles of chaetae have dropped off, and the lophophore has begun to appear as an outgrowth of the dorsal mantle lobe.

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  • These plates are secreted by the ventral lobe of the mantle, and were named by von Buch in 1834 the " deltidium."

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  • B, C, D, Stages showing the turning forward of the second or mantle segment.

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  • Garments were multiplied, and the cape and long mantle, which had previously been uncommon, were now usual.

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  • 81), a woollen mantle was worn over the fringed linen skirt, wool was forbidden to the priests in the temple.

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  • In time this mantle covered both shoulders and assumed sleeves, and in one form or another it is frequently represented.

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  • A large mantle could thus serve as a veil, and Rebekah covered her face with her square or oblong wrapper on meeting Isaac (Gen.

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  • But we are not told whether the prophetess who wore bands on her arm and drew a mantle over her head (so read in Ezek.

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  • In addition to a tunic (kuttoneth) and a seamless mantle or robe (meil), he wore the breastplate (hoshen), the ephod, and a rich outer girdle.

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  • Elisha and Elijah's mantle, 2 Kings ii.

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  • In ancient Ireland a king's mantle was dyed with saffron, and even down to the 17th century the "lein-croich," or saffron-dyed shirt, was worn by persons of rank in the Hebrides.

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  • The two greatest masters of Japanese poetry were Hitomaro and Akahito, both of the early 8th century, and next to them stands Tsurayuki, who flourished at the beginning of the 10th century, and is not supposed to have transmitted his mantle to any successor.

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  • Zeshin, shortly before he died, indicated Shirayama Fukumatsu as the man upon whom his mantle should descend, and that the judgment of this really great craftsman was correct cannot be denied by any one who has seen the works of Shirayama.

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  • Henceforward Henry succeeded in keeping the countship of Anjou all his life; for though he granted it in 1168 to his son Henry "of the Short Mantle," when the latter became old enough to govern it, he absolutely refused to allow him to enjoy his power.

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  • Vegetation is very rapid, and the soil is clad in a mantle of almost perpetual green.

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  • AUGUSTINIAN CANONS, a religious order in the Roman Catholic Church, called also Austin Canons, Canons Regular, and in England Black Canons, because their cassock and mantle were black, though they wore a white surplice: elsewhere the colour of the habit varied considerably.

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  • The flame of an incandescent gas mantle if turned low is frequently sensitive to a certain range of notes.

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  • Like the Astin-tagh it stretches towards the E.N.E., and, like it, appears to be built up of granite and schists, but its crest is greatly denuded, so that it is a mere crumbling skeleton protruding above the deep mantle of disintegrated material which masks its flanks.

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  • The culminating summits of the ranges generally present the appearance of a flat, rounded swelling, and when they are crowned with glaciers, as many of them are, these shape themselves into what may be described as a mantle, a breastplate, or a flat cap, from which lappets and fringes project at intervals; nowhere do there exist any of the long, narrow, winding glacier tongues which are so characteristic of the Alps of Europe.

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  • In the heavy mantle of long brown hair covering the fore-quarters of the old males, 1 Aeschylus died there in 456 B.C.

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  • The pallial line, which is the line of attachment of the mantle parallel to the edge of the shell, is not indented by a sinus at the posterior end.

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  • The foot is very large and powerful; it can be protruded from the anterior aperture between the mantle edges, and its outer part is bent sharply forwards and terminates in a point.

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  • On either side of the body between the mantle and the foot are two flat gills each composed of two lamellae.

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  • After a few days, when the mantle bearing the shell valves has developed so much as to enclose the whole body, the young cockle sinks to the bottom and commences to follow the habits of the adult..

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  • It was a very richly decorated object of coloured threads interwoven with gold, worn outside the luxurious mantle or robe; it was kept in place by a girdle, and by shoulder-pieces (?), to which were attached brooches of onyx (fastened to the robe) and golden rings from which hung the "breastplate" (or rather pouch) containing the sacred lots, Urim and Thummim.

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  • For the great festival of Tezcatlipoca, the handsomest and noblest of the captives of the year had been chosen as the incarnate representative of the god, and paraded the streets for public adoration dressed in an embroidered mantle with feathers and garlands on his head and a retinue like a king; for the last month they married him to four girls representing four goddesses; on the last day wives and pages escorted him to the little temple of Tlacochcalco, where he mounted the stairs, breaking an earthenware flute against each step; this was a symbolic farewell to the joys of the world, for as he reached the top he was seized by the priests, his heart torn out and held up to the sun, his head spitted on the tzompantli, and his body eaten as sacred food, the people drawing from his fate the moral lesson that riches and pleasure may turn into poverty and sorrow.

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  • He compares it also to the change of Moses' rod into a snake, of the Nile into blood, to the virtue inherent in Elijah's mantle or in the wood of the cross or in the clay mixt of dust and the Lord's spittle, or in Elisha's relics which raised a corpse to life, or in the burning bush.

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  • A dorsal contractile heart, with symmetrical right and left auricles receiving aerated blood from the ctenidia and mantle skirt, is present, being unequally developed only in those few forms which are inequivalve.

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  • d, Excurrent siphonal notch of the mantle margin.

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  • Incurrent siphonal notch of the mantle margin.

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  • In this way the notches d, e of the hinder part of the mantle-skirt of Anodonta are in the siphonate forms converted into two separate holes, the edges of the mantle being elsewhere fused together along this hinder margin.

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  • When the edges of the mantle ventral to the inhalant orifice are united, an anterior aperture is left for the protrusion of the foot, and thus there are three pallial apertures altogether, and species in this condition are called " Tripora."

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  • In Aspergillum the whole of the tubular mantle area secretes a continuous shelly tube, although in the young condition two valves were present.

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  • The last is secreted by the whole surface of the mantle except the border, and additions to its thickness continue to be made through life.

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  • The periostracum is produced by the extreme edge of the mantle border, the prismatic layer by the part of the border within the edge.

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  • These two layers, therefore, when once formed cannot increase in thickness; as the mantle grows in extent its border passes beyond the formed parts of the two outer layers, and the latter are covered internally by a deposit of nacreous matter.

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  • The gill axis d is seen lying in the sub-pallial chamber between the foot b and the mantle c. From it depend the gillfilaments or lamellae - formed by united filaments - drawn as black lines f.

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  • The axis of the ctenidium is seen to be adherent to, or fused by concrescence with, the body-wall, and moreover on each side the outer lamella of the outer gill-plate is fused to the mantle, whilst the inner lamella of the inner gill-plate is fused to the foot.

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  • In Unionidae and several other forms the pericardial glands are extended into diverti cula of the pericardium which penetrate the mantle and constitute the organ of Heber.

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  • Anodonta has no eyes of any sort, and the tentacles on the mantle edge are limited to its posterior border.

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  • This deficiency is very usual in the class; at the same time, many Lamellibranchs have tentacles on the edge of the mantle supplied by a pair of large well-developed nerves, which are given off from the cerebro-pleural ganglion-pair, A, When free swimming, shows the two dentigerous valves widely open.

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  • In addition to the characters given above, it may be noted that the mantle is provided with a hypobranchial gland on the outer side of each gill, the auricles are muscular, the kidneys are glandular through their whole length, the sexes are separate.

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  • - One row of branchial filaments is directed dorsally, the other ventrally; the mantle has a long posteroventral suture and a single posterior aperture; the labial palps of each side are fused together; shell elongate; hinge without teeth; periostracum thick.

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  • - Labial palps free, very broad, and provided with a posterior appendage; branchial filaments transverse; shell has an angular dorsal border; mantle open along its whole border.

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  • - Like the Nuculidae, but mantle has two posterior sutures and two united siphons.

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  • The gonads open into the kidneys and the right gonad extends into the mantle.

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  • Symmetrical; mantle open throughout its extent; generally with well developed anterior and posterior adductors.

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  • Arcidae.-Borders of the mantle bear compound pallial eyes.

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  • Gonads generally extend into mantle and open at sides of kidneys.

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  • Mantle has a posterior suture.

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  • Pernidae.-Shell very inequilateral; ligament subdivided; mantle open throughout; anterior adductor absent.

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  • Monomyarian, with open mantle.

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  • Gills fused to the mantle.

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  • Mantle borders with well developed eyes.

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  • Order Eulamellibranchia Edges of the mantle generally united by one or two sutures.

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  • Mantle open; foot rather small; branchiae folded; shell inequivalve.

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  • Borders of mantle with long and numerous tentacles.

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  • Gills not united with mantle.

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  • Mantle only slightly closed; usually there is only a single suture.

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  • lateral; mantle with a single Umbo.

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  • Mantle not extensively closed; two pallial sutures and two well developed siphons.

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  • Mantle closed to a considerable extent; siphons well developed; gills much folded and frequently prolonged into the branchial siphon.

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  • - Mantle extensively closed; a fourth pallial aperture behind the foot; siphons long and united; shell elongated, a spoon-shaped projection for the ligament on each valve.

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  • - Mantle extensively closed, with a small pedal orifice; siphons long, united, covered by a chitinous sheath; gills prolonged into the branchial siphon; foot small; shell gaping.

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  • - Shell thin, gaping widely at the posterior end; anterior adductor much reduced; mantle extensively closed; siphons long, united.

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  • Mantle largely closed, siphons long, united.

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  • Mantle frequently presents a fourth orifice.

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  • - Mantle with a fourth aperture; siphons long, quite separate, completely retractile and invertible.

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  • - Mantle with fourth aperture; siphons very long, completely united, naked, incompletely retractile; foot small, with posterior appendage.

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  • Septibranchia Gills have lost their respiratory function, and are transformed into a muscular septum on each side between mantle and foot.

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  • The characteristic organs of Mollusca are the mantle and shell, the foot, the ctenidia and the radula, of which all but the last are external.

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  • There is some confusion of terms here: some writers call the free fold the mantle or pallium, and this is the proper use of the term; but others apply the term to the whole of the dorsal integument, including both the projecting fold and the part covering the viscera.

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  • The shell extends to the edge of the mantle-fold, and the cavity between the mantle and the side of the body is the pallial chamber.

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  • On the outside of the shell is a non-calcified layer of conchiolin called the periostracum, secreted by the thickened edge of the mantle.

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  • The zone of the external surface of the mantle within the edge secretes a layer formed of prisms of calcite; the rest of the epithelium from this zone to the apex secretes the inner layer of the shell, composed of successive laminae; this is the nacreous layer, and in certain species has a commercial value as nacre or mother-of-pearl.

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  • In many cases in various classes the mantle is reflected over the edges of the shell, so as to cover more or less completely its outer surface.

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  • In the primitive condition there is one on each side in the mantle cavity, towards the posterior end of the body.

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  • The heart receives blood from the gills and mantle, and pumps it through arteries to the body.

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  • Some blood, however, enters the auricles directly from the mantle, without passing through the ctenidia.

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  • The ventral cords are the pedal, the dorso-lateral, the pleural, the former innervating the foot, the latter the mantle.

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  • This ridge forms the edge of the shell-secreting epithelium, and therefore of the mantle, since the shell extends to the edge of the mantle.

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  • They arise as outgrowths of the sides of the body within the cavity formed by the development of the mantle.

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  • pa, Pallium or mantle.

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  • Such were the sleeveless surplice, which was provided at the sides with holes to put the arms through; the surplice with slit-up arms or lappels (so-called "wings") instead of sleeves; the surplice of which not only the sleeves but the body of the garment itself were slit up the sides, precisely like the modern dalmatic; and, finally, a sort of surplice in the form of a bell-shaped mantle, with a hole for the head, which necessitated the arms being stuck out under the hem.

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  • The upper plumage generally is dark green, but the mantle and rump are crimson, as are a broad abdominal belt, the flanks and many crescentic markings on the otherwise yellow lower parts.

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  • The dorsal integument or mantle bears, not a simple shell, but eight calcareous plates in longitudinal series articulating with each other.

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  • The ventral surface forms a flat creeping "foot," and between mantle and foot is a pallial groove in which there is on each side a series of gills.

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  • the articulamentum projects laterally beyond and beneath the tegmentum into the substance of the mantle.

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  • The tegmentum is formed by the fold of mantle covering the From Lankester, Treatise on Zoology.

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  • mouth; pa, mantle; pa', B.

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  • L, Edge of the mantle not removed in the front part of the specimen.

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  • The chief points in which the Aplacophora differ from the Polyplacophora are: (1) they are worm-like in shape; (2) there is no distinct foot, and the mantle bears no shell-valves, but only numerous calcareous spicules; (3) the digestive tube is straight.

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  • The whole of the skin except the ventral groove corresponds to the mantle of Chiton.

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  • With regard to sense organs the epithelial papillae of the mantle have been mentioned.

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  • Woodward, The Geology of England and Wales, and ed., 1887.) The conception of an underlying " solid " geological structure covered by a superficial mantle of " drift " is still retained for certain practical purposes; thus, the Geological Survey of Great Britain issues many of the maps in two forms, the " Solid Edition," showing the " solid geology," which embraces all igneous rocks and the stratified rocks older than Pleistocene, and the " Drift Edition," which shows only such older strata as are unobscured by drift.

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  • In the young of the year the whole head, neck and throat are clothed in dull black, and most of the feathers of the mantle and wing-coverts are broadly tipped and mesially streaked with tawny or lightish-grey.

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  • He shall pardon his wrongdoers, love his enemies, pray for them that calumniate and accuse him, offer the other cheek to the smiter, give up his mantle to him that takes his tunic, neither judge nor condemn.

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  • The skeleton reclined upon a sheet of pure gold, extending the whole length of the body, which had been wrapped in a mantle broidered with gold and studded with precious stones.

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  • Determined by the inequalities of surface of the overlying mantle of sedimentary material, they would be wholly independent of the geological structure of the rocks lying.

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  • below that mantle.

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  • The caliph himself, wearing the mantle and the staff of the Prophet, then went out against him, and after a vigorous resistance he was beaten by Mowaffaq, who had the command of the troops, and fled to Jondisapur in Khuzistan, where he died three years later, leaving his empire to his brother `Amr. This prince maintained himself in power till the year 900, when he was beaten and taken prisoner by Isma`il b.

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  • Unless the doctrine of Kant's " transcendental logic " must be held to supply a point of view from which a logical development of quite another kind is inevitable, Kant's mantle, so far as logic is concerned, must be regarded as having fallen upon the formal logicians.

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  • There is a legend, current among historians from the days of Robertson and Hallam, that as the year 1000 approached mankind prepared for the Last Judgment; that the earth "clothed itself with the white mantle of churches," and like a penitent watched in terror and in prayer for the fatal dawn.

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  • On his early death his mantle fell on to the shoulders of Ignatius Dellinger (1799-1890).

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  • In 1183 the mantle of St Elizabeth fell upon Hermann Joseph, a Praemonstratensian canon at Steinfeld.

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  • The characteristic dress of the flamens in general was the apex, a white conical cap, the laena or mantle, and a laurel wreath.

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  • After escaping from the genital aperture they find their way into the infra-branchial part of the mantle cavity of the parent, probably by passing through the suprabranchial chamber to the posterior extremity of the gills, and then being conducted by the inhalent current caused by the cilia of the gills into the infra-branchial chamber.

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  • The embryos having then reached the condition of "trochospheres" escape from the mantle cavity and swim about freely near the surface of the water among the multitude of other creatures, larval and adult, which swarm there.

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  • edulis, except that there is no period of incubation within the mantle cavity of the parent in the case of these two species.

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  • Ferdinand died on the feast of Saint John the Evangelist, the 24th of June 1065, in Leon, with many manifestations of ardent piety - having laid aside his crown and royal mantle, dressed in the frock of a monk and lying on a bier, covered with ashes, which was placed before the altar of the church of Saint Isidore.

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  • In the Cirripedia it forms a fleshy " mantle " strengthened by shelly plates or valves which may assume a very complex structure.

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  • In the Cirripedia, however, they are vascular processes from the inner surface of the mantle or shell-fold, and in some Ostracoda they are outgrowths from the sides of the body.

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  • The eggs are retained between the valves of the shell in some Phyllopoda and in the Cladocera and Ostracoda, and they lie in the mantle cavity in the Cirripedia.

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  • The right and left margins of the mantle are united ventrally, leaving an anterior and posterior aperture to the mantle cavity.

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  • The edge of the mantle at the anterior aperture is very thick and muscular; at the posterior aperture also there is a circular muscle, and here the edge is interrupted by a ventral sinus and is provided internally with a dorsal and ventral valve which can be applied to each other so as to close the aperture.

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  • The captacula are tactile and prehensile and can be protruded from the anterior aperture of the mantle.

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  • There are no special respiratory organs, their function is carried on by the internal surface of the mantle.

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  • the mantle.

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  • E, Surface view of the shell with gill-tentacles exserted as in a, Mantle.

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  • The posterior appendix of the mantle.

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  • water, so that the posterior aperture of the mantle cavity is both inhalant and exhalant.

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  • The head is situated on the dorsal side of the body anteriorly within the anterior aperture of the mantle, from which it cannot be protruded.

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  • b, Anterior circular muscle of the mantle.

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  • c, c', Longitudinal muscle of mantle.

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  • k Gonad., Buccal mass (showing through the mantle).

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  • w, w', Longitudinal blood-sinus of the mantle.

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  • The shell-gland is formed on the dorsal surface, and the mantle arises as two lateral lobes which afterwards unite by their ventral edges to form the tubular mantle of the adult.

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  • The most famous of these is the so-called "Poem of the Mantle."

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  • It is entirely in praise of Mahomet, who cured the poet of paralysis by appearing to him in a dream and wrapping him in a mantle.

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  • This is not unnatural, seeing that it is only so far as they bear on the one central question of the nature of existence that philosophy spreads its mantle over psychology, logic or ethics.

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  • Northern Missouri is covered with a mantle of glacial deposits, generally thick, although in the stream valleys of the north-east the bed-rocks are widely exposed.

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  • Since the advent of the incandescent mantle, the efficiency of which is dependent upon the heating power of the gas more than on its illuminating power, the manu facture of coal gas has undergone considerable modifications.

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  • With the liturgical cope may be classed the red mantle (mantum), which from the 11th century to the close of the middle ages formed, with the tiara, the special symbol of the papal dignity.

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  • Once more chased out by the Turks, he was again in the Mountain in 1823, allied with Abdallah, on whom Jezzar's mantle had ultimately fallen at Acre, and maintaining friendly relations with the "English Princess," Lady Hester Stanhope.

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  • MANTLE, a long flowing cloak without sleeves, worn by either sex.

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  • Thus the "electoral mantle" was a robe of office worn by the imperial electors, and the Teutonic knights were known as the orde alborum mantellorum from their white mantles.

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  • As an article of women's dress a mantle now means a loose cloak or cape, of any length, and made of silk, velvet, or other rich material.

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  • The modern French form manteau is used in English chiefly as a dressmaker's term for a woman's mantle.

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  • Differing from this species in the possession of a longer bill, in having much less white on its back, in the paler colour of its mantle, and in a few other points, is the ordinary American species, with at least three races, Haematopus palliates.

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  • The emperor dismissed Persigny, and summoned moderate reformers such as Duruy and Behic. But he was still possessed with the idea of settling his throne on a firm basis, and uniting all France in some glorious enterprise which should appeal to all parties equally, and "group them under the mantle of imperial glory."

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  • The shepherds, rudely clad in a sleeveless sheepskin jacket, the wool outside, and leather breeches, and loosely wrapped in a woollen mantle or blanket, are among the most striking objects in a Spanish landscape, especially on the table-land.

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  • - Stamen of Lady's Mantle (Alchemilla), with the anther opening transversely.

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  • Even so, her own fate was nothing like Jonny's, a good kid who would be forced to take on the Black God's mantle and spearhead the forces of evil.

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  • He'd last felt that surge a few hundred thousand years ago, when Czerno had slain his predecessor and claimed the Black God's mantle.

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  • Yes. The Others were attempting to influence the outcome of who won the Black God mantle by using me.

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  • Jule read through the portion dated four days ago, when the Black God's mantle had changed hands.

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  • He reclaimed the hourglass from her and set it on the mantle of the fireplace.

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  • For the first time since taking on the mantle of Death, Gabriel was hopeful.

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  • Her gaze fell to the book on the mantle above the hearth.

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  • Within the Earth mantle, nominally anhydrous minerals contain small amounts of hydrogen as point defects within their crystal structure.

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  • Damper areas support species such as meadowsweet, ragged robin, water avens, lady's mantle and meadow fescue.

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  • It is as if Grandma is on acid, staring bleary-eyed at her mantle piece clock full of knick-knacks.

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  • His talk was entitled: Upper mantle seismic structure of the Northern Ethiopian Rift - a region of incipient continental breakup.

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  • centimeters per year in response to changes in the semi-liquid mantle.

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  • DW: Who will take over your mantle as junior champ?

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  • Fulton and Pepe (Lost in La Mancha) expertly weave the strands together, with breathtakingly lush cinematography by Anthony Dod Mantle.

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  • A view into a high resolution mantle convection simulation.

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  • They include a coronet, a rod, a ring, a sword and a mantle.

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  • don the mantle appropriate to the account to be offered.

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  • evaluate existing models of whole mantle vs. layered mantle convection.

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  • fireplace with timber mantle surround and arched cast iron inset.

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  • A simple form of mantle was thrown over their shoulders --- a square piece of white flannel, bordered with colored binding.

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  • The new Tory leader, argues former No10 special adviser Patrick Diamond, inherits no ' reformist mantle ' from his predecessors.

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  • True MORB values and perhaps upper mantle geochemistry can be constrained only by considering data untainted by plume asthenosphere.

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  • Attractive mahogany mantle with carved pillars, tiled insets with coal effect gas fire.

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  • She wears an ungirded kirtle with tight sleeves and long mantle.

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  • magma from the mantle to the surface.

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  • To assume an identity is to don the mantle appropriate to the account to be offered.

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  • Thus, the modern embalmer inherits the mantle passed on through the centuries.

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  • Tony Blair, almost of my generation, which makes me feel very old, assumes the mantle of Prime Minister.

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  • Alkaline igneous rocks and geochemical enrichment in the lithospheric mantle.

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  • These plates float on the partially molten rocks of the upper mantle.

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  • Original fire with tiled hearth, backing and wooden mantle.

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  • mantle plumes during the initial stages of Gondwana break up.

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  • mantle convection simulation.

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  • mantle cell lymphoma, you cannot become complacent.

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  • mantle cavity.

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  • mantle shelf over the fire.

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  • Coal effect living flame gas fire with marble hearth and inset with timber mantle surround.

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  • There is an open fire place with a marble mantle and a gas log fire along one wall there are shelves with cupboards below.

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  • The behavior of the earth's mantle remains a first order problem in the Earth Sciences.

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  • mantle of drumlins forming an internationally acknowledged type example of a'drumlin swarm ' .

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  • The location of mantle plumes during the initial stages of Gondwana break up.

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  • Rock material in the mantle exists in a state which acts much like a solid but also flows like silly putty under pressure.

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  • russet mantle.

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  • His wife wears a mantle ornamented with the Verney arms and an engrailed saltire.

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  • The mantle of the Order is of crimson satin, lined with white taffeta and is bound by two tassels.

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  • The aseismic nature of the continental mantle and the lower crustal seismicity beneath some shields are probably related to their water contents.

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  • I saw a beautiful mantle and 200 shekels of silver and 50 shekels weight of gold.

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  • Originally displayed on the mantle shelf over the fire.

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  • Outside the core is the mantle, composed largely of magnesium silicates.

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  • Temperatures close to an average (moist) MORB source mantle solidus characterize the eastern seaboard and its offshore.

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  • This group studies the convection regime within the Earths Mantle in three dimensional spherical geometry at approaching Earth-like vigor.

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  • splenic lymphoma, mantle cell lymphoma, or follicular lymphoma.

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  • Below ca 350m, there is an almost complete mantle of drumlins forming an internationally acknowledged type example of a 'drumlin swarm ' .

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  • The mantle of the order is green lined with white taffeta, with green and gold tassels.

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  • The amplitude of dynamic topography predicted by a layered mantle viscosity model is consistent with the observed upper bound of ~ 600m.

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  • allogeneic transplants are also promising for mantle cell lymphoma.

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  • SE5 & CAMBERWELL PROPERTY GUIDE: Rising in popularity and keen to take on the mantle of the increasingly trendy Brixton.

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  • uppermost mantle.

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  • Aims To understand the Formation and Evolution of the Ocean Crust from mantle upwelling to subduction.

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  • The stars on her mantle indicate her perfect virginity.

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  • wrapt in the dark mantle of idolatry,....the abject, beaten slaves of arbitrary rule ' .

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  • The stele of most Lycopods is amore or less modified protostele, but in the genus Lyco podium a peculiar arrangement of the xylem Ab and phloem is found, in which the latter, instead of being erran confined to a peripheral mantle of tissue, forms bands Stelar running across the stele and alternating with similal Systems of bands of xylem (fig.

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  • The " introvert " in these Gastropods is not the pharynx The ctenidium is monopectinate and attached to the mantle along as in the Chaetopod worms, but a prae-oral structure, its apical limit being formed by the true lips and jaws, whilst the apical limit of the Chaetopod's introvert is formed by the jaws placed at the junction of pharynx and oesophagus, so that the Chaetopod's introvert is part of the stomodaeum or fore-gut, whilst that of the Gastropod is external to the alimentary canal altogether, being in front of the mouth, not behind it, as is the Chaetopod's.

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  • 44 and 45), are less abnormal than Aplysia in regard to their shells and the form of the visceral hump. They have naked spirally twisted shells which may be concealed from view in the living animal by the expansion and reflection of the parapodia, but are not enclosed by the mantle, whilst Actaeon is remarkable for possessing an operculum like that of so many Streptoneura.

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  • Shell with medium spire, external or partly covered by the mantle; genital aperture below the right posterior tentacle; genital apparatus generally provided with a dart-sac and multifid vesicles.

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  • In 1875 the London Argand, giving a duty of 3.2 candles illuminating power per cubic foot of ordinary 16 candle gas, was looked upon as the most perfect burner of the day, and little hope was entertained that any burner capable of universal adoption would surpass it in its power of developing light from the combustion of coal gas; but the close of the century found the incandescent mantle and the atmospheric burner yielding six times the light that was given by the Argand for the consumption of an equal volume of gas, and to-day, by supplying gas at an increased pressure, a light of ten times the power may be obtained.

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  • "Mantle" is used in many transferred senses, all with the meaning of "covering," as in zoology, for an enclosing sac or integument; thus it is applied to the "tunic" or layer of connective-tissue forming the body-wall of ascidians enclosing muscle-fibres, blood-sinuses and nerves (see Tunicata).

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  • The eastern part of the state is covered with a thick mantle of Quaternary (Pleistocene), and the greatest part of the western portion with very thick deposits of Miocene and Pliocene (Tertiary) To the Pleistocene belong the alluvium, loess and glacial drift, and in part the sand-hills.

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  • "My dear Boris," said the mother, drawing her hand from beneath her old mantle and laying it timidly and tenderly on her son's arm, "be affectionate and attentive to him.

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  • The old prince always dressed in old-fashioned style, wearing an antique coat and powdered hair; and when Prince Andrew entered his father's dressing room (not with the contemptuous look and manner he wore in drawing rooms, but with the animated face with which he talked to Pierre), the old man was sitting on a large leather-covered chair, wrapped in a powdering mantle, entrusting his head to Tikhon.

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  • The girl surfaced in a swirl of bubbles, her hair floating around her white shoulders like a shimmering russet mantle.

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  • Significant recent advances in our understanding of mantle geodynamics have been gained from studies of seismic anisotropy.

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  • No difference in CD20 ABC between BM and PB samples was found in splenic lymphoma, mantle cell lymphoma, or follicular lymphoma.

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  • Nobody really took up Chapman 's mantle - and English football stagnated as a result.

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  • Allogeneic transplants are also promising for mantle cell lymphoma.

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  • Both sexes have a chestnut mantle and whitish underparts with brown streaks, but the female is duller than the male.

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  • He sympathizes with its people, ' wrapt in the dark mantle of idolatry,....the abject, beaten slaves of arbitrary rule '.

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  • So, you can easily fit an LCD TV on a mantle, a shelf or even a kitchen counter.

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  • Geothermal energy passes the test because the heat flowing from the earth as natural decay occurs within the earth's mantle.

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  • Add some shiny lacquered boxes and vases on a tabletop or mantle and keep furnishings to a minimum.

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  • If you are comfortable embracing high tech, then go ahead and mount a flat screen on the wall, perhaps over the mantle.

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  • If you have a fireplace with a decorative mantle, this will likely be your focal point.

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