Malformations sentence example
Irritation and hypertrophy of cells are common signs of the presence of parasites, as ovinced by the numerous malformations, galls, witches-brooms, &c., on diseased plants.
The extraordinary malformations known as Witches Brooms, caused by the repeated branching and tufting of twigs in which the mycelium of Exoascus (on birch) or Aecidium (on silver fir) are living, may be borne in considerable ntimbers for years without any very extensive apparent injury to the tree.
Under the head of malformations we place cases of atrophy of parts or general dwarfing, due to starvation, the attacks of Fungi or minute insects, the presence of unsuitable food-materials and so on, as well as cases of transformation of stamens into petals, carpels into leaves, and so forth.
Malformations of the pelvis, accidental injuries and the diseases and displacements to which the uterus is liable, on the one hand; and, on the other, various morbid conditions of the ovum or placenta leading to the death of the foetus, are among the direct local causes.
Darwin was well aware that variation ranged from differences so minute as to become apparent only on careful measurement to those large departures from the normal which may be called abnormalities, malformations or monstrosities.Advertisement
These malformations are often cited as instances of reversion to the condition of some of the earlier forms of equine animals previously mentioned.
In fact many drugs are marketed despite causing malformations in laboratory animals.
Studies in animals have shown reproductive toxicity including fetal malformations (see section 5.3 ).
Cosmetic dentistry assists in reclaiming the beauty of your smile by treating the malformations of our teeth.
Prior to advent of surgery less than 20% of children born with congenital heart malformations survived to adult life.Advertisement
There is a need for more research into the treatment of vascular malformations.
Even apparently healthy survivors may suffer from immune dysfunction, or kidney or brain malformations, which can contribute to death later.
Would the likely cost in terms of failures and/or malformations inevitable in developing a program of human reproductive cloning be ethically acceptable?
Sometimes, vascular malformations cause no symptoms at all.
In both types of NF, a genetic defect causes these neural crest cells to develop abnormally, resulting in numerous tumors and malformations of the nerves, bones, and skin.Advertisement
As long as urine can flow easily in the correct direction, such malformations may never be detected.
Spina bifida may occur as an isolated abnormality or in the company of other malformations.
The leading cause of infant mortality is congenital malformations, deformations and chromosomal abnormalities with a rate of 20.2 percent.
The mother's socioeconomic status is a possible contributing factor because the leading cause of death was related to congenital malformations, which in some cases can be eliminated with appropriate nutritional intake and prenatal vitamins.
Alcohol-related birth defects (ARBD) describes the physical defects linked to prenatal alcohol exposure, including heart, skeletal, kidney, ear, and eye malformations.Advertisement
For those infants who survive to delivery, there seems to be an increased risk of developmental problems and physical effects, particularly heart and genital malformations.
At birth, the newborn's numerous malformations indicate a possible chromosomal abnormality.
Since these support structures stabilize the knee, patients with some leg malformations may have difficulty in walking.
Abnormalities often occur in the lungs and diaphragm (the muscle that controls breathing), and blood vessel malformations are common.
In some cases abnormalities may arise during prenatal development that cause physical malformations or developmental delays or affect various parts of the body after the child is born.Advertisement
In other cases, a mother's illness may cause congenital malformations; an example is rubella, which can cause heart defects, deafness, developmental delays, and other problems in a fetus if the mother contracts it during pregnancy.
Crouzon syndrome-A disorder characterized by malformations of the skull and face.
Individual gene defects, either inherited or spontaneous, are responsible for other cases of congenital brain malformations.
Ultrasound can also be used to diagnose Dandy-Walker and Chiari II malformations.
Malformations associated with hydrocephalus (Dandy-Walker, Chiari II, and some cases of hydranencephaly) may be treated by installation of a drainage shunt for cerebrospinal fluid.
Other causes of acquired nystagmus are Arnold-Chiari malformations, vitamin deficiencies, syphilis, Wernicke's encephalopathy, Behcet's syndrome, and Meniere's disease.
These malformations are part of a larger syndrome seen in children with spina bifida, a condition in which the spine and spinal cord have not formed properly.
Both Type III and IV Chiari malformations are extremely rare, and this term is not often used in diagnosis of these conditions.
However, the majority of all Chiari malformations are Type II and are almost exclusively associated with spina bifida defects.
All Chiari malformations are present at birth, though symptoms may not begin until years later.
Chiari malformations are found in several known genetic disorders such as achondroplasia, Hadju-Cheney syndrome, and Klippel-Feil syndrome.
Type I malformations may have no symptoms for years.
The majority of all Chiari malformations are Type II.
The greatest risk of German measles is fetal malformations which occur when a mother is infected in the early months of pregnancy.
Polydactyly and syndactyly are congenital malformations of the fingers and/or toes.
Healthy infants who have no complications, such as heart or lung problems or other types of intestinal malformations, can usually have surgery within the first 24 hours of life.
Vascular malformations are poorly formed blood or lymph vessels that appear at birth.
These vascular malformations of dilated capillaries appear in the upper and lower layers of the skin on the face, neck, arms, and legs.
Angiomas and vascular malformations are not difficult to diagnose.
Treatment choices for skin angiomas and vascular malformations depend on their type, location, severity, and degree of disfigurement.
Birthmarks are congenital hemangiomas or vascular malformations and cannot be prevented.
Malformations of the gastrointestinal tract are present in about 5-7 percent of children with Down syndrome.
When a woman is infertile the causes may be traced back to problems with ovulation, lifestyle or physical malformations.