Malaria sentence example

malaria
  • Malaria increased in strength as the population diminished.
    125
    50
  • The climate is hot and malaria is prevalent.
    90
    33
  • The mortality from malaria in 1902 was higher than for any other part of Italy-1037 persons, or 154 per 100,000 (Basilicata, 141; Apulia, 104; Calabria, 77; Sicily, 76; province of Rome, 27).
    54
    34
  • It is subject, however, to extreme and rapid variations in temperature, to alternations of dry and humid winds (the latter, called catias, being irritating and oppressive), to chilling night mists brought up from the coast by the westerly winds, and to other influences productive of malaria, catarrh, fevers, bilious disorders and rheumatism.
    28
    14
  • Sir Patrick Manson has suggested that the problem of stamping out malaria may be assisted by the discovery of some at present unknown factors.
    22
    15
    Advertisement
  • The city of Panama was formerly a stronghold of yellow fever and malaria, which American sanitary measures have practically eradicated.
    24
    20
  • It abounds in fish, but its banks are somewhat deserted and not free from malaria.
    1
    0
  • An old popular belief current in different countries, and derived from common observation, connected mosquitoes with malaria, and from time to time this theory found support in more scientific quarters on general grounds, but it lacked demonstration and attracted little attention.
    6
    5
  • With regard to the parasites, which are the actual cause of malaria in man, an account of them is given under the heading of Parasitic Diseases, and little need be said about them here.
    13
    12
  • The disseminators of malaria are exclusively Anophelinae, but even among these it is only certain species that are dangerous, since the others appear to be incapable of acting as hosts of the parasites.
    18
    17
    Advertisement
  • We recommend that you check advice for all vaccinations and malaria precautions from your doctor.
    1
    0
  • Malaria is not endemic in Egypt it is therefore not necessary to take a malaria prophylactic.
    1
    0
  • The message from Bogotá The world's transport crisis has reached such catastrophic proportions that road crashes now kill more people than malaria.
    1
    0
  • In many English colonies, gin was used with the bitter-tasting malaria drug quinine, to make the drug more palatable.
    1
    0
  • Journeys to a region with a high risk of malaria must be seriously reconsidered in the light of the special risks to children.
    1
    0
    Advertisement
  • We support the millenium development goal of halting the spread of HIV and AIDS, malaria and other major diseases by 2015.
    1
    0
  • Thalassaemia trait is believed to offer some resistance to malaria.
    1
    0
  • He felt unwell, with what he thought were symptoms of malaria.
    1
    0
  • The lakes of Bolsena (Vulsiniensis), of Bracciano (Sabatinus), of Vico (Ciminus), of Albano (Albanus), of Nemi (Nemorensis), and other smaller lakes belong to this district; while between its south-west extremity and Monte Circello the Pontine Marshes form a broad strip of alluvial soil infested by malaria.
    0
    0
  • Much of the work is done by companies of peasants, who come down from the mountainous districts when required, permanent residence not being possible owing to the malaria.
    0
    0
    Advertisement
  • The principal product is quinine, the manufacture of which has acq~iired great importance, owing to its use as a specific against malaria.
    0
    0
  • In two peasants' cottages in the Campagna, protected with wire netting by Professor Celli, all the inmates-10 in number - escaped, while the neighbours suffered severely; and three out of four persons living in a third hut, from which protection was removed owing to the indifference of the inmates, contracted malaria.
    0
    0
  • These and other experiments, described by Dr Manson in the Practitioner for March 1900, confirming the laboratory evidence as they do, leave no doubt whatever of the correctness of the mosquito-parasitic theory of malaria.
    0
    0
  • It is an unlovely place, surrounded by mud flats, and a hotbed of malaria.
    0
    0
  • Salicylates are the next safest to quinine of all antipyretics, whilst being much more powerful in all febrile states except malaria.
    0
    0
    Advertisement
  • The ticks (Ixodes) are not only injurious as blood-suckers, but are now credited with carrying the germs of Texas cattle-fever, just as mosquitoes carry those of malaria.
    0
    0
  • In the denser jungles malaria prevails for months after the cessation of the rains, but the Gonds do not appear to suffer much from its effects.
    0
    0
  • Owing to the prevalence of malaria there, few Europeans live at the town, and trade is almost entirely in the hands of Banyans.
    0
    0
  • It finally became a prey to the malaria which arose when the plain fell out of cultivation, and under Turkish rule disappeared altogether.
    0
    0
  • Occupying 135 degrees of latitude, living on the shores of frozen or of tropical waters; at altitudes varying from sea-level to several thousands of feet; in forests, grassy prairies or deserts; here starved, there in plenty; with a night here of six months' duration, there twelve hours long; here among health-giving winds, and there cursed with malaria - this brown man became, in different culture provinces, brunette or black, tall or short, long-headed or short-headed, and developed on his own hemisphere variations from an average type.
    0
    0
    Advertisement
  • Baiae was devastated by the Saracens in the 8th century and entirely deserted on account of malaria in 1500.
    0
    0
  • Iii the absence of extensive alluvial plains and marshes, there is little malaria.
    0
    0
  • Though a species of mangrove fringes much of this peninsula, its presence does not denote malaria, from which the islands are entirely free.
    0
    0
  • The climate is by nature unhealthy, the supply of running water being small, and that of stagnant water, from which arises a fatal malaria, being considerable.
    0
    0
  • Rheumatism on the Atlantic seaboard, and malaria on both coasts, are the commonest forms of disease; but, as a whole, Costa Rica is one of the healthiest of tropical lands.
    0
    0
    Advertisement
  • Malaria is widely prevalent, and in some years, after a wet spring, assumes a malignant character.
    0
    0
  • The town is subject to malaria.
    0
    0
  • In the time of Strabo the Greek cities on the coast had fallen into insignificance, and owing to the decrease of population and cultivation the malaria began to obtain the upper hand.
    0
    0
  • He published in 1910 The Prevention of Malaria, and also produced Psychologies, a volume of poems (1919), and a romance, The Revels of Orsera (1920).
    0
    0
  • Everywhere it is most unhealthy, and inhabited only by tribes who seem proof against malaria.
    0
    0
    Advertisement
  • When they fell into desuetude, malaria gained the upper hand, the lack of drainage providing breeding-places for the malarial mosquito.
    0
    0
  • The 17th and 18th centuries, however, mark the worst period of depopulation in the more malarious parts of the Campagna, which seems to have begun in the 15th century, though we hear of malaria throughout the middle ages.
    0
    0
  • Much is done in contending against malaria by the Italian Red Cross Society.
    0
    0
  • Malaria occurs in some parts of the island.
    0
    0
  • As the tide rises about 6 ft., the general level of the city and neighbouring coast, which is wet and swampy to the southward, is too low to be generally healthy, and Pernambuco has a high death-rate (521 per 1 000 in 1904), with malaria as one of the principal causes of death.
    0
    0
    Advertisement
  • Should a person be infected with latent malaria, heat exposure is very likely to induce an acute malarial attack and the combination is almost certain to lead to hyperpyrexia.
    0
    0
  • Thus malaria and sand-fly fever, dysentery, typhoid and paratyphoid fever, cholera, smallpox, and occasionally typhus fever, eye diseases, oriental sores and indeed any disease conveyed by impure water, flies, contaminated dust or the contagion of sufferers from infectious diseases, are prevalent in the inhabited places along the Persian Gulf, and precautions must always be taken to guard against them.
    0
    0
  • Though not entirely free from malaria, it has been chosen for the summer residence of the lieutenant-governor; and it is also the permanent headquarters of the lieutenant-general commanding the Burma division, and of other officials.
    0
    0
  • Carter (U.S. Marine Hospital Service) that although the incubation of the disease was 5 days, 15 to 20 days had to elapse before the "infection" of the house, and from Ross's demonstration of the part played in malaria by the Anopheles.
    0
    0
  • The most unhealthy period of the year follows immediately after the rains, when malaria is prevalent, especially in northern India.
    0
    0
    Advertisement
  • The climate is now less healthy than it was, severe epidemics of malarial fever having frequently occurred, so that malaria now appears to be endemic among the non-European population.
    0
    0
  • The mountains are still to some extent clothed with forests; in places the soil is fertile, especially along the Gulf of Taranto, though here malaria is the cause of inefficient cultivation.
    0
    0
  • This region bears the reputation of being the most unhealthy in all India, and in many parts only the acclimatized aborigines can withstand its deadly malaria.
    0
    0
  • Koreans suffer from malaria, but Europeans and their children are fairly free from climatic maladies, and enjoy robust health.
    0
    0
  • In plague countries the diseases with which it is most liable to be confounded are malaria, relapsing fever and typhus, or broncho-pneumonia in pneumonic cases.
    0
    0
  • But Bacon fell a victim to malaria and died in October in Gloucester county.
    0
    0
  • (On this council see below.) Thereafter Ephesus seems to have been gradually deserted owing to its malaria; and life transferred itself to another and higher site near the Artemision, the name of which, Ayassoluk (written by early Arab geographers Ayathulukh), is now known to be a corruption of the title of St John TheolOgos, given to a great cathedral built on a rocky hill near the present railway station, in the time of Justinian I.
    0
    0
  • In weakened conditions of the system from improper or insufficient food, or as a result of any drain upon the body, or in anaemia from any cause, and in such diseases as syphilis or malaria, neuralgia is a frequent concomitant.
    0
    0
  • In the tropical yungas the ground is covered with decaying vegetation, and malaria and fevers are common.
    0
    0
  • April, May and June are hot; and the monsoon months from June to October are distinguished by damp heat and malaria.
    0
    0
  • About this time we find one of the giudici residing at Sassari for a whole summer, no doubt to escape the malaria.
    0
    0
  • The lagoons on the coast are full of fish, but are a cause of malaria.
    0
    0
  • The supreme value of quinine is as a specific antidote to malaria, against which it also possesses a powerful prophylactic action.
    0
    0
  • In treating malaria (including ague, remittent fever, intermittent fever, and all its other forms) with this drug certain important facts are to be observed.
    0
    0
  • Quinine has some analgesic power, and is a safe and often efficient drug in the treatment of neuralgia, even when the patient has not had malaria.
    0
    0
  • The place was devastated by malaria in the middle ages, and did not recover until the Chiana valley was drained in the 18th century.
    0
    0
  • The spread of malaria by means of mosquitoes has already been mentioned.
    0
    0
  • Its banks in its lower course are densely wooded, but the beach is sandy and almost free from marsh and malaria.
    0
    0
  • The cinchona alkaloids have a specifically poisonous effect on the parasites of malaria when present in human blood, and are poisonous to all low organisms.
    0
    0
  • Ethnic groups in West Africa use plants containing these alkaloids to treat malaria.
    0
    0
  • In Mozambique I have visited the factory where in a clinic they are successfully testing the first ever anti malaria preventive vaccine.
    0
    0
  • From the 17th century, quinine from the powdered bark of a South American tree was used to treat malaria in Europe.
    0
    0
  • Malaria parasite antigens exposed on the surface of the infected red blood cell membrane.
    0
    0
  • In addition cruises that have an overnight stay in any other malaria endemic region of the world require malaria chemoprophylaxis.
    0
    0
  • Interactions with other medication together with the individuals ' medical history should be taken into account when deciding on appropriate malaria chemoprophylaxis.
    0
    0
  • Objectives To assess the effects of routine malaria chemoprophylaxis in people with sickle cell disease.
    0
    0
  • Latest news Help defeat malaria in Africa (02/08/2006) Take part in research from home, and help defeat malaria with Africa@home.
    0
    0
  • Summary report The malaria endemic in Africa is a more dangerous strain than that in Asia.
    0
    0
  • In particular how gastrointestinal helminths (worms) modulate other diseases such as malaria and allergies.
    0
    0
  • This is the best way to catch malaria, a sometimes lethal disease which has not ceased to be omnipresent in Ivory Coast.
    0
    0
  • By the early 1990s, quinine, the other mainstay of malaria treatment worldwide, was failing.
    0
    0
  • Deaths from malaria are quite simply a result of our failure to eradicate malaria in developing countries.
    0
    0
  • Mosquitoes in Hawai'i do not transmit malaria which would affect humans.
    0
    0
  • If travelers become sick after returning from areas in which chloroquine-resistant malaria is endemic, they need to be quickly checked for the disease.
    0
    0
  • Cortical blindness does occur in about 4% of the cases of cerebral malaria.
    0
    0
  • There are also areas in Latin America, Asia, and Oceania, where malignant malaria still occurs.
    0
    0
  • Specific prescriptions are required if you are traveling to an area where there is drug resistant malaria.
    0
    0
  • Most cases of malaria are in those who failed to take, or comply regularly with, malaria prophylaxis.
    0
    0
  • The forest zone of West Africa has a high risk of falciparum malaria throughout the year.
    0
    0
  • Other topics discussed include rapid diagnostic tests, counterfeit drugs, seasonal prophylaxis, and vivax malaria.
    0
    0
  • The researchers are also looking at about 30 other rodent malaria genes that also seem to be particularly important during infection.
    0
    0
  • You don't want her contracting malaria again once she's better.
    0
    0
  • Children between 0 to five and pregnant women are population groups at highest risk for malaria morbidity and mortality.
    0
    0
  • How many times could you have been bitten to catch malaria from an infected mosquito?
    0
    0
  • The molecule prevents Plasmodium, the malaria mosquito, from moving from the mosquito's gut to its salivary glands.
    0
    0
  • In the past, insecticides like DDT have been used to kill the mosquitoes that transmit malaria.
    0
    0
  • The obvious examples are genes to block the transmission of viruses and malaria parasites, as well as filarial nematodes.
    0
    0
  • Using a mosquito net in an area where malaria is present is a good idea.
    0
    0
  • Funding: Monkey malaria 13 March 2006 Researchers in Malaysia are aiming to discover whether malarial parasites are being transmitted from monkeys to humans.
    0
    0
  • To address this aspect we study the interactions of Anopheles mosquitoes and plasmodium parasites, the agent of malignant malaria.
    0
    0
  • Malaria, dysentery and the vitamin deficiency disease pellagra attacked the prisoners.
    0
    0
  • Malaria is an infectious disease due to the presence of a parasite called plasmodium within the red blood cells.
    0
    0
  • The molecule prevents plasmodium, the malaria mosquito, from moving from the mosquito's gut to its salivary glands.
    0
    0
  • After all, we do have strategies to face drug resistant tuberculosis, malaria and cancers.
    0
    0
  • Here Drs Lowe and Sambon made the decisive experiments which proved that the propagation of malaria was due to the mosquito Anopheles claviger.
    0
    0
  • The profit made by the state, which is entirely devoted to a special fund for means against malaria, amounted in these five years to 41 ~759 It has been established that two 3-grain pastilles a day are a sufficient prophylactic; and the proprietors of malarious estates and contractors for public works in malarious districts are bound by law to provide sufficient quinine for their workmen, death for want of this precaution coming under the provisions of the workmens compensation act.
    0
    0
  • Being sheltered by dense pine-woods on the north, and its malaria having been banished by drainage, it is frequented as a winter resort, and in summer by some thousands for its sea-bathing.
    0
    0
  • The converse proposition, that persons efficiently protected from mosquito bites escape malaria, has been made the subject of several remarkable experiments.
    0
    0
  • It is possible, though not probable, that malaria may also be contracted in some other way than by mosquito bite, but there are no well-authenticated facts which require any other theory for their explanation.
    0
    0
  • The pathological changes in malaria are due to the deposition of melanin and the detritus of red corpuscles and haemoglobin, and to the congregation of parasites in certain sites (Ross).
    0
    0
  • When we consider that tuberculosis, diphtheria, cholera, tetanus, typhoid fever, anthrax, malaria and a host of other contagious diseases have each been proved to be of parasitical origin, an idea may be conve y ed of the range of the subject.
    0
    0
  • About 1893 he commenced a series of special investigations on the subject of malaria, and by 1895 had arrived at his theory that the micro-organisms of this disease are spread by mosquitos (see 17.463, 20.786).
    0
    0
  • During the World War Ross was appointed to the R.A.M.C. and became War Office consultant in malaria.
    0
    0
  • This led to the disappearance of the agri cultural population, to a decline in public safety, and to the spread of malaria in many parts; indeed, it is quite possible that it was not introduced into Latium before the 4th century B.C. The evil increased in the later period of the Republic, and many of the old towns of Latium sank into a very decayed condition; with this the continual competition of the provinces as sources of food-supply no doubt had a good deal to do.
    0
    0
  • The system of roads radiating in all directions from Rome (see Italy: History, § B) belonged to a much earlier period; but they were connected by a network of crossroads (now mostly abandoned, while the main lines are still almost all in use) leading to the very numerous villas with which the Campagna was strewn (even in districts which till recently were devastated by malaria), and which seem in large measure to belong to this period.
    0
    0
  • The recent discovery that the malaria which has hitherto rendered parts of the Campagna almost uninhabitable during.
    0
    0
  • The frequent association of heat-stroke with malaria is to be borne in mind in the treatment of heat hyperpyrexia, for, should the temperature of the patient not subside rapidly after treatment with cold sponging in a current of air or cold baths and ice, an intramuscular or intravenous injection of in grains of quinine bihydrochloride should be given without delay.
    0
    0
  • Natives are generally immune to the effects of heat apart from other complicating causes of high temperature, such as malaria, etc., whereas white races may be affected with heat-stroke from heat exposure even if in perfect health.
    0
    0
  • For the neuralgia and anaemia following malaria, for rheumatoid arthritis, for chorea and also asthma and hay fever, it is constantly prescribed with excellent results.
    0
    0
  • The recommended daily dose of quinine for malaria is 600 mg, three times daily, for up to a week.
    0
    0
  • Artesunate is more effective than quinine for treatment of severe malaria, a large clinical trial in Asia reveals.
    0
    0
  • Alone, over 12,000 South African (white) soldiers were repatriated by the end of 1916 due to malaria.
    0
    0
  • The time of year is also an important consideration as malaria is seasonal in some areas.
    0
    0
  • Plasmodium ovale causes a rare form of the disease which is similar to benign tertian malaria.
    0
    0
  • Malaria Malaria is a serious and sometimes fatal disease transmitted by mosquitoes.
    0
    0
  • This contrasts with parts of Europe, which had the resources to wipe out malaria in the 1950s.
    0
    0
  • Other potential effects of global warming include more frequent hurricanes and higher rates of some diseases, such as malaria.
    0
    0
  • Additionally, infectious diseases like malaria and dengue fever are being spread to new areas that were once inhospitable to mosquitoes, putting the health of millions of human beings at risk.
    0
    0
  • The front man for the rock group U2 is also known for his humanitarian work in Africa and has worked to raise money to fight AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria.
    0
    0
  • He graduated from high school at 17 and travelled to Africa where he contracted Malaria.
    0
    0
  • For humans, malaria is the principle threat, but to dogs, it's heartworm.
    0
    0
  • Some scientists believe that the trait actually provides an advantage in tropical environments because the slightly altered shape of the blood cells cause a person to be more resistant to malaria.
    0
    0
  • Oocyst-A developmental stage of certain parasitic organisms, including those responsible for malaria and toxoplasmosis, in which the zygote of the organism is enclosed in a cyst.
    0
    0
  • These include protection against some types of malaria and treatment of some of the infections that might be used in bioterrorism.
    0
    0
  • Children who will be taking anti-malarial drugs while traveling in areas with endemic rabies should begin the three-dose regimen of ID vaccine one month prior to travel, before they begin taking drugs to prevent malaria.
    0
    0
  • Malaria, Meningitis and Hepatitis A are also prevalent in Nigeria.
    0
    0
  • Their focus is safe water and sanitation, malaria, clinical services and disaster management, HIV/AIDs, Tuberculosis, STIs and family health.
    0
    0
  • Among those it is said to cure is malaria, AIDS, many forms of cancer, several forms of hepatitis, mad cow disease, herpes, and many others.
    0
    0
  • The site states that in these trials, 98 percent of AIDS sufferers were cured within one month, as well as 90 percent of malaria victims.
    0
    0
  • Fort Humboldt: Fort Humboldt in Eureka is said to be haunted by a former post commander who died of malaria in 1859.
    0
    0
  • Ten percent of the net wholesale price of the shoes goes toward a global fund to fight AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria, so you can sport these shoes with pride!
    0
    0
  • The primary health issues are in regards to vaccinations and malaria prevention.
    0
    0
  • Mosquitoes have been known to spread fatal illnesses such as malaria, yellow fever, dengue fever and many other serious diseases.
    0
    0
  • They can cause the transmission of West Nile Virus, yellow fever, dengue fever, malaria and encephalitis, among other very serious conditions.
    0
    0
  • The same goes for any symptoms that suggest you may have contracted an illness, such as West Nile virus, yellow or dengue fever or malaria, from the mosquito.
    0
    0
  • Window screens can keep mosquitoes out of the home, and in some societies where window screens are not the norm, people are advised to sleep with mosquito netting, because some diseases, like Malaria, are transmitted by mosquito bites.
    0
    0
  • Unfortunately several of these fertile tracts suffer severely from malaria (q.v.), and especially the great plain adjoining the Gulf of Tarentum, which in the early ages of history was surrounded by a girdle of Greek cities—some of which attained to almost unexampled prosperity—has for centuries past been given up to almost complete desolation.
    3
    4
  • Yet in some Tusban provinces, as, for instance, that of Grosseto, where malaria rages, laborers are organized in gangs under corporals, who undertake harvest work.
    8
    9
  • But probably the greater part of the enormous total of deaths set down to malaria is due to the malarial cachexia.
    14
    15
  • The subject has a special interest for Italy, which is devastated by malaria, and Italian science has contributed materially to the solution of the problem.
    3
    4
  • Following up this line of investigation, Major Ronald Ross in 1895 found that if a mosquito sucked blood containing the parasites they soon began to throw out flagellae, which broke away and became free; and in 1897 he discovered peculiar pigmented cells, which afterwards turned out to be the parasites of aestivo-autumnal malaria in an early stage of development, within the stomachwall of mosquitoes which had been fed on malarial blood.
    7
    7
  • Thus we get a complete scientific demonstration of the causation of malaria in three stages: (1) the discovery of the parasite by Laveran; (2) its life-history in the human host and connexion with the fever demonstrated by the Italian observers; (3) its life-history in the alternate host, and the identification of the latter with a particular species of mosquito by Ross and Manson.
    3
    4
  • All escaped malaria, which was rife in the immediate neighbourhood.
    3
    4
  • By living in protected houses and wearing gloves and veils at night all the staff escaped malaria except one or two attendants.
    15
    15
  • For instance, the swampy character of malarial areas is explained by their breeding in stagnant water; the effect of drainage, and the general immunity of high-lying, dry localities, by the lack of breeding facilities; the danger of the night air, by their nocturnal habits; the comparative immunity of the upper storeys of houses, by the fact that they fly low; the confinement of malaria to well-marked areas and the diminution of danger with distance, by their habit of clinging to the breeding-grounds and not flying far.
    4
    5
  • The most important question raised by the mosquitoparasitic theory of malaria is that of prevention.
    4
    5
  • At Ismailia malaria was reduced from 1551 cases in 1902 to 37 cases in 1905.
    5
    6
  • In Hong-Kong similar measures were carried out, with the result that the hospital admissions for malaria diminished from 1294 in 1901, the year when operations were begun, to 419 in 1905.
    4
    5
  • Birds are subject to malaria, which is caused by blood parasites akin to those in man and having a similar life-history.
    4
    5
  • There is much malaria in the wooded districts of the east and on the higher campos, where the daily extremes of temperature are great, lung and bronchial diseases are common.
    4
    5
  • Malaria is almost unknown and chest complaints are rare.
    41
    42
  • The drug is not a true specific, as quinine is for malaria, since it rarely, if ever, prevents the cardiac damage usually done by rheumatic fever; but it entirely removes the agonizing pain, shortly after its administration, and, an hour or two later, brings down the temperature to normal.
    5
    6
  • The occurrence was of course attributed to poison, although quite without foundation, being merely due to malaria, at that time very prevalent in Rome.
    4
    5
  • Malaria prevails in the valley of the Webi Shebeli.
    3
    4
  • Melanine particles formed in the spleen in malaria, which pass along with the blood through the liver, are appropriated by the endothelial cells of the hepatic capillaries, and are found embedded within their substance.
    3
    4
  • The discovery of the parasite of malaria by Laveran, and of the method by which it gains entrance to the human body, through the bite of a particular variety of mosquito, by Manson and Ross, promises much in the way of eradication of the disease in the future.
    8
    8
  • Before the end of the 19th century this discovery of the blood parasite of malaria was crowned by the hypothesis of Patrick Manson, proved by Ronald Ross, that malaria is propagated by a certain genus of gnat, which acts as an intermediate host of the parasite.
    4
    5
  • The climate of the coast belt is semi-tropical and malaria is prevalent; that of the highlands temperate.
    4
    5
  • Pelly heard of from the Ahl Murra Bedouins as once a fertile district, and which still produces dates, though, owing to malaria, it is now deserted; thence southward to the Hadramut valley no communication is known to exist.
    4
    5
  • Although it had long been suspected that these insects were in some way connected with malaria and other diseases, while that the species now called Stegomyia calopus was the carrier of yellow fever had been asserted by Finlay as early as 1881, it was not until the closing years of the 19th century that the brilliant researches of Ross in India, and of Grassi and others in Italy, directed the attention of the whole civilized world to mosquitoes as the exclusive agents in the dissemination of malarial fever.
    3
    4
  • To apply these discoveries to the malaria of man was an obvious step. In working out the details the Italian school have again taken a prominent part.
    4
    6
  • (2) Much attention has been directed in scientific circles to the possibility of "stamping out" epidemic malaria by administrative measures.
    14
    16
  • The city of Rome is an example of what can be done by drainage; situated in the midst of malaria, it is itself quite healthy.
    1
    3
  • An encouraging example is afforded by the remarkable fact that malaria, which was once rife in certain districts of England, has now died out, although the Anopheles maculipennis mosquito still exists there.
    1
    3
  • There is reason to believe that malaria, yellow fever and filariasis are not the only diseases disseminated by mosquitoes.
    5
    7
  • Then, turning his attention to the malaria of birds, he worked out the life-history of these cells within the body of the mosquito.
    14
    17
  • In 1898 it was conclusively shown in Italy that if a mosquito E of the Anopheles variety bites a person suffering from malaria, and is kept long enough for the parasite to develop in the salivary gland, and is then allowed to bite a healthy person, the latter will in due time develop malaria.
    14
    17
  • Mosquitoes caught by the experimenters, and sent to London, produced malaria in persons who submitted themselves to the bites of these insects at the London School of Tropical Medicine.
    2
    5
  • Of 24 protected persons, all escaped but four, and these had to be out at night or otherwise neglected precautions; of 38 unprotected persons, all contracted malaria except two, who had apparently acquired immunity.
    2
    5
  • The result was that the houses were free from mosquitoes and no malaria occurred throughout the entire season, though there had been 40 cases in the previous year.
    2
    5
  • In spite of the difficulties, however, there is no doubt that a great deal can be done to reduce, if not stamp out, malaria by the methods indicated, which should be applied according to circumstances.
    2
    5
  • The island has a bad reputation for malaria, due to the fact that it offers a considerable quantity of breeding places for the Anopheles claviger, the mosquito whose bite conveys the infection.
    2
    6
  • Similarly, the subsidence of malaria during cold weather and its seasonal prevalence find an adequate explanation in the conditions governing insect life.
    12
    16
  • I would rather ride on earth in an ox cart, with a free circulation, than go to heaven in the fancy car of an excursion train and breathe a malaria all the way.
    8
    13